Home Paper of 70 Communities Galesburg Register-Mail Weather* Stripfs Red Warm Tonight and On Thursday With Brief Thundershowers 4 Better Nmipaper VOLUME LXXII — 150* GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — WEDNESDAY, JUNE 26, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Bobby Opens Hearing Over Civil Rights By JOSEPH E. MOHBAT WASHINGTON (AP) — Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy appealed today to "the basic sense of justice in the hearts of all Americans" in urging Congress to approve President Kennedy's civil rights program. "The courts have played an important role," he said. "This administration has" taken significant and far- reaching action by the exercise of executive power. "Now it is clearly up to Congress to bring its strength to bear." Thus Kennedy challenged the Congress to recognize—by passing the civil rights bill—"that this country can no longer abide the moral outrage of racial discrimination." The testimony of the President's brother before a House Judiciary subcommittee kicked off the administration's battle to propel the civil rights bill through the long, tough congressional mill. Hits Hot Issue The attorney general directed his strongest testimony to the section which promises to be the most controversial: the one prohibiting racial discrimination in any place of public accommodation—even privately owned ones. "The effects of discrimination in public establishments are not limited to the embarrassment and frustration suffered by the individuals who are its most immediate victims," Kennedy said, "our whole economy suffers. The nation's business is impaired." Such facilities — restaurants, lunch counters, amusement places, stores, hotels and others—are public in a very real sense, he said. "They are not at all like a private home or a private club, for example, to which the owner invites only the guests he selects. Plainly, places of public accommodation cater to the public." Kennedy then addressed himself to the argument that the public accommodations law would violate private property rights. "Some of those who complain most loudly about interference with private property rights," Kennedy said, "ironically are often those who most stoutly defend the laws, enforced by a number of states which forbid Negroes to be served. Color of Skin "The difference is not one of property rights, but of the color of the customer's skin. That difference is called racial discrimination." Kennedy next promoted the administration plan to speed school desegregation. Passage of a bill allowing the federal government to sue for an end to racial discrimination in schools, he said, "would smooth the path upon which the nation was set" by the Supreme Court's 1954 school desegregation decision. Kennedy, urging adoption of laws aimed at speeding an end to discrimination in voting, said "the right to vote, and thus participate in the processes of self-government, is in the long run the most fundamental right of all." In conclusion, Kennedy said racial discrimination is far too complex a problem to be solved overnight. "But we must launch as broad an attack on the problem as possible, in order to achieve a solution as soon as possible," he said. "The call to Congress is not merely for a law, nor does it come only from the President. "This bill springs from the people's desire to correct a wrong that has been allowed to exist too long in our society. It comes-from the basic sense of justice in the hearts of all Americans." Thirty-Eight Die In Belgian Plane Crash in Germany DETMOLD, Germany (UPI) — A Belgian army C119 transport plane taking part in a NATO exercise exploded in the air today and crashed into a hillside. Police said 38 of 47 paratroopers and crewmen aboard were killed. The nine who escaped were paratroopers who ; jumped from the plane be- Congr Up ess Red Breaks LID in Sharp Clash MOSCOW (AP)—A Communist Chinese delegate broke up the Red-sponsored World Congress of Women today in a sharp clash with Indian representatives over the Chinese-Indian border conflict. The meeting was suspended. The Chinese delegate threw the congress into an uproar when she marched to the podium in the Kremlin Grand Congress Hall to reply to an Indian speech deploring the "violent conflict" between the two countries. The chairman, Dr. Joan Carritt of Knuland. refused to grant her the floor. As confusion mounted, the chairman adjourned the meeting. Police Chief Blames Thief As Prankster CANISTEO, N.Y. (AP) — Police Chief Eldon Jamison Jr. said he was investigating a jewelry theft at a store here when someone let aji out of the front tires on his patrol car. fore it hit the ground. Sev en landed unhurt and two were rushed to a hospital with injuries, police said. The plane crashed near the village of Augustdorf in a barren army training zone in northwest Germany. It burned on the ground and a witness said charred bodies were found among the wreckage. Police said the crash may have been caused when explosives aboard the plane went off. Bride of Actor Wants Divorce And Monthly Pay LOS ANGELES (AP) - The bride of actor James Craig claims he beat her. Jane Valentine, 29, sued for divorce Tuesday, asking for $500 monthly support and a restraining order preventing him from annoying her or disposing of assets pending a hearing. Craig, 51, and Miss Valentine were married last March 17 and separated June 21, her Superior Court complaint said. Czechs Go Meatless VIENNA, Austria (UFJ) The Czechoslovak government has imposed one meatless day per week to combat a chronic meat shortage, Czech newspapers re Jamison said he believed it was | ported today. The new order is the jewelry thief, effective July J, Treachery of Ex-Official Stuns Sweden STOCKHOLM (UPI) - Sweden was stunned today by the disclosure of the most serious espionage case in its history. Some newspapers demanded a complete overhaul of the nation's security system following charges which involved a retired air force colonel alleged to have spied for the Soviet Union for 15 years. Other' newspapers attacked Russia for carrying out espionage in Sweden. A Foreign Ministry spokesman said Tuesday that Col. Erik Wen- nerstroem, 56, a trusted and respected former air force officer and one-time attache in Washington, had confessed to selling American and Swedish defense secrets to the Communists. Sweden traditionally is neutral, but it has close ties to Norway, Denmark, the United States and other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Foreign Minister Torsten Nilsson informed the Soviet charge d'affaires that the first secretary at the Soviet Embassy, Georgi Baranovski, and the military at tache, Maj. Gen. Vitali Mukolski, were persona non rate. Reports said both Russians left the country hurriedly. Nilsson charged that the staff of the Soviet diplomatic mission "had , been actively violating Swedish as well as international law." "This case is a deeply shocking one," said Defense Minister Sven Andersson. "Col. Wenner- stroem has.. .caused his country serious damage." Security officials did not disclose how much information Wen- nerstroem relayed to the Kremlin over the years, but there were indications he had received large sums of money. The former colonel, who has an attractive wife and* two children, lived in a luxurious villa in the plush Stockholm suburb of Djursholm. He was known as a genial host who entertained lavishly. Kennedy Gets Rousing Welcome in West Berlin 1 1 1 1 East Germans Seek Mob to Greet Nikita BERLIN (AP) - The East German Communists are trying to drum up a big show for Soviet Premier Khrushchev's visit to East Berlin Friday in a bid to match President Kennedy's reception in West Berlin. Berlin experts predicted that, for Khrushchev's seventh visit, East Berliners would heed a Communist appeal to "decorate houses, streets, squares and factories with the red flags of the working class," but would do so sullenly. The East German Communist party organ, Neues Deutschland, made a front page appeal to East Berliners to give their traditional hospitality "to our great friend." It ran interviews with the mayor, a mechanic and a salesgirl extolling Khrushchev's visit. The East German radio also broadcast interviews and commentaries to whip up interest. The Soviet premier visited East Berlin only last January and no one expected him to return so soon. AGILE—A fast -footed German youth dashed out of a crowd in West Berlin this morning to greet President Kennedy, much to his amusement, but to the dismay of Secret Service agents shown in the background. Mayor Willy Brandt is partially visible at the extreme right of the car. An estimated million Germans thronged Berlin to greet Kennedy. UNIFAX Three-in-One Polio Shots WinApproval WASHINGTON (AP) — The government has approved a new short-cut oral polio vaccine designed to give quick simultaneous immunity against all three types of polio. A license for the three-in-one vaccine—combining strains of the Sabin. oral polio vaccine—was granted to Lederle Laboratories, spokesman for the U.S. surgeon general's office said Tuesday night. In a statement, Lederle said that, in addition to reducing the complexity of administering oral polio vaccine, the new product gives "active immunity against all three types of polio after the first feeding, and more complete protection after the second feeding eight weeks later." The pioneer oral vaccine developed by Dr. Albert Sabin of the University of Cincinnati requires three doses a month apart, each using a different strain of live viruses to combat each type of polio. The Salk vaccine, using dead virus and injected with a needle, is recommended given in three doses — the first and second a month apart, the third boster months later — plus a booster shot after a year. The company said the three-in- one vaccine is the combination of the work of groups under the direction of Sabin and Dr. Herald R. Cox, Lederle's director of viral research. Lederle, a division of American Cyanamid Co., has its headquarters in Pearl River, N.Y. The first mass tests of the vaccine were conducted in 1960 in the Miami area, where it was administered—usually in a cherry- flavored syrup—to 41,4,000 persons. Health officials there said paralytic polio cases dropped to zero afterward. Another test was conducted in the Tampa, Fla., area last year. US Announces A-Test WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Atomic Energy Commission an- 'nounced Tuesday it detonated an underground nuclear test "of low yield" at its Nevada test site. Navy Battles Meningitis At San Diego WASHINGTON (UPI) — The Navy has sharply, reduced the flow of recruits to the San Diego, Calif., Naval Training Center in an effort to combat a mysterious outbreak of meningitis cases. Navy officials said the assignment of recruits to San Diego would be cut in half and they would be sent to other bases. The Navy already has ordered about 4,000 diverted to Great Lakes, 111. There have been 25 cases of meningitis at San Diego since January, and three resulted in the death of the victims. However, no new cases havo been reported for more than a month. The steps being taken to cut down on the flow of recruits to San Diego were described as precautionary and designed to reduce chances of any new cases of the disease breaking out. One of the methods of fighting the disease is to reduce the number of men in each barracks by half. Navy officials said the "summer population" of the San Diego base would be held to about 8,000 men. Normally, it is 15,000. WAIFS— An orphanage for baby wrens, left homeless for an un- Mrs. HaUer named the babies after the seven dwarfs and it is like- explained reason, is provided by Mrs. C. J. Haller in Dodge City, j ^ 0W} 8t ^ £w wt ^ "Bashful." UNIFAX Kan. t wfcsrt mm PUIM. Kttty. 9*4 Chester «»ce resMed. Makes Tour Along The Iron Curtain BERLIN (UPI) — President Kennedy peered across the wall into the East German stronghold of communism today and told cheering West Berliners that the "winds of change are blowing across the Iron Curtain." The President got his first close-up look at the Communist world when he visited the Brandenburg Gate and Checkpoint Charlie on the Berlin wall the Communists built two years ago to halt the flow of refugees to the West. After his sober gaze at the shadowy world of East Berlin, the President went on to tell wildly enthusiastic West Berliners in a speech that he was proud to stand with them on the ramparts of freedom, declaring in German: "I am a Berliner." The acclaim from a million Berliners in his eight-hour tour of this divided city 110 miles deep inside Communist territory was overwhelming in its size, its obvious spontaneity and its emotional impact. "The Greatest Reception" "This is the greatest reception the President has received any where in the world," said White House Press Secretary Pierre Salinger. Capped by his speech at city hall, the reception began the moment he landed at Tegel Airport and started a 38 - mile drive through the city's Western sectors. A crowd of almost a quarter million persons jammed into the vast square before the city hall to greet Kennedy with the greatest mass ovation in the history of this split city. There, he told the vast throng that "I am proud" to be here. Twice he used German sentences to underscore his empathy with the Berliners. "All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin and therefore as a free man I take pride in the words: 'Ich bin cin Berliner.'" Then, he went on to the Free University of Berlin for his main speech of the day, where he noted that not even the Communist world can remain static. "Winds of Change" Kennedy said "winds of change are blowing across the Iron Curtain as well as in the rest of the world" and "the people of Eastern Europe even after 18 years of oppression are not immune to change." Declaring that "truth never dies," the President said, "the people of the Soviet Union, even after 45 years of party dictatorship, feel the forces of historic evolution." "The harsh precepts of Stalinism are officially recognized and bankrupt," Kennedy said. "Economic and political variations and dissent are appearing, for example, in Poland, Romania and the Soviet Union itself." At the famous Brandenburg Gate between East and West Berlin Kennedy went atop a special platform that made it possible for him to sec communism close up for the first time. A few minutes later he strode up to within two or three yards of the boundary line of the divided city at Checkpoint Charlie, the only crossing point for Americans into East Germany. He did not cross the line, but he again stepped up on another special platform to look into East Berlin. About 1,000 East Berliners st^d about 200 yards back from the border watching the President. With hundreds of Communist police on guard, the East Berliners did not attempt any demonstration. Reaffirming U.S. support of German reunification, the President in his speech at the Free University said: "Like the division of Germany, the division of Europe is against the tide of history." The President warned the Soviet Union against ignoring the strong commitments of the NATO Allies to Germany and Berlin, declaring that over a long period these will prevail against the Communists. "What will count in the long run are the realities of Western strength, the realities of Western commitment, the realities of Germany as a nation and the Germans as a people, without regard to artificial boundaries of barbed wire," he said. "Those are the qualities on which wo rely—and others, too, would do well to recognize them." Where to Find It 4 SECTIONS 44 PAGES Abingdon 32 Amusement 5 Bushnell 39 Classified Ads 42-43 Comics-TV-Radio 40 Editorial 4 Food Section 21-34 Galva . .. 5 Hospital Notes 5 Knoxvillc 32 Markets 38 Monmouth 18 Obituary 4t Sports 35-36 Weather 2 Old Homestead Gets Modern Plumbing for US President DUNGANSTOWN, Ireland (AP) —Who threw the concrete topping on Mrs. Ryan's barnyard? "It's an American trick," most Irish newspapers said today. They blamed the U. S. government tor the startling changes at the ancestral homestead President Kennedy will visit Thursday. The Americans are denying everything and shifting the accusing finger toward the Irish government. Whoever is responsible for the changes, the old homestead won't be the same place Kennedy visited in 1947 when he was a congressman. The tidy but dirty barnyard, where the widow Ryan's 70 chickens and three cows once held sway, has been covered with concrete and now resembles a parking lot. No Manure Pile A huge manure heap has disappeared from the adjoining field, where the President's helicopter will put down. Ail the farm animals have been shunted out of sight. There are no pigs in the pasture. A concrete porch and an indoor tiled toilet—known locally as John's John—have been added to the comfortable Ryan cottage. The cottage is a few yards from the humble tin-roofed hut that Patrick Kennedy, the President's great-grandfather, occupied before emigrating to the United States. The hut is now a storage shed. Mary Ryan, a Kennedy before her marriage, is the President's third cousin and his best-known relative in Ireland. Despite the changes that have been made about the place, Mrs. Ryan is absolutely determined to give her illustrious kinsman a simple Irish welcome. She plans to brew him a cup of tea and serve some tangy Irish soda bread. That is all he is going to get, she said.
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