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Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Tuesday, April 23, 1974 Formal Army i We don't wish to be stuffy about it: ' perhaps generals and admirals have some consuming need to be waited on by personal aides dressed like characters "out of a musical comedy." The scornful characterization comes from Hep.Les Aspin of Wisconsin, who things otherwise. We lean toward his view, yet strive to maintain an open mind on the subject. The military has contracted to buy a lot of swallowtail coats, tuxedo patits, cummerbunds, mess jackets, bow ties and white dress shirts to be worn by servicemen who act as servants to the brass at Fort Meyer near Washington, D.C. Aspin thinks the $34,000 being spent on these items is a waste ot taxpayers' money, suggesting that military uniforms might be more appropriate wear. The generals and admirals deserve to be given the benefit of the doubt. Maybe, if the question were put to them, they could come up with good reasons why those who attend them ought to be formally attired. Perhaps a little touch of civilian posh is necessary to their morale. It would be interesting to hear what they have to say about it. Mine Rescues There are indications that the United States will increasingly turn to coal as shortages of oil and natural gas continue. That means more mining, which in turn is likely to result in more mine accidents. These circumstances lend special importance to word that a unique mine rescue vehicle utilizing moon rover equipment is being developed at the University of Kentucy. Preliminary tests of the unmanned vehicle suggest that it could save many lives that might otherwise be lost in underground disasters. The vehicle is remotely controlled by two-way radio signals. It is used in combination with a map of the mine interior; the machine sends pulses which locate its position on the map and enable the operator on the surface to guide it to men trapped underground. Rescue equipment to be carried by the car is being developed, and in addition it will carry such things as extra gas masks and fire extinguishers to replace those the trapped men may have discarded. One of the most interesting features is an inflatable envelope which the surface operator could position around victims to ward off fumes.and heat. This is a remarkable concept which offers great promise for saving lives in mine disasters. Public funds would be well spent on placing vehicles of this kind on call at strategic locations throughout the mining country. Drugs Curb It may say something about American society that the two most widely prescribed drugs are tranquilizers. The soothing ministrations of Librium and Valium are so popular — especially, it seems, among middle-aged women primarily in the middle economic range — that wholesale marketing of them the first six months of this year totaled 132 million dollars' worth. Whatever societal conclusion one may draw from this, it is fair to say that there are dangers of abuse when such prescription drugs hit so high a level of popularity. Concern about this has prompted the federal Drug Enforcement Administration to propose new regulations. At present there is no limit on the number of times an individual may have a Librium of Valium prescription refilled. The DEA would put a six- month limit on the validity of a prescription, with only five refills permitted. Also, manufacturers would be required to submit regular distribution and sales reports. The government is not saying that the two tranquilizers are necessarily dangerous drugs. It seeks to place use of them under some restraint so as to minimize abuse. The proposed controls are a sensible step toward that end. Timely Quotes — The difference between organic foods and ordinary chow can be quite a bit. Simile: As a warming as a form letter signed, "With best personal regards." Instant breakfast is what you can never get at the beanery next door. Public speakers waste an awful lot of hoarsepower. At Least the Dumb Animals Prepare for a Rainy Day!" Your Health Dear Abby All Ignorant on Certain Subjects ~~~ By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: This is concerning the lady who was irate because so few had responded to the R.S.V.P. on her party invitation. I resent your statement that such people are either ignorant or negligent. I am a university , professor with a Ph. D., have traveled extensively in 20 countries, have attended socials with ambassadors and other notables, so I Abby don't consider myself an ignorant person. Yet, until you printed it in your column, I never was sure of the meaning of R.S.V.P. As a professor. I have learned that many college students don't know which way the earth rotates, or the difference in time between New York and Denver, so is it realistic to expect them to know the meaning of R.S.V.P.? Or do I have my priorities reversed? Isuggest that if the lady would sub- stitue "Please let us know whether or not you are coming" for "R.S.V.P." on the invitation, she would have Washington Notebook Call All the Shots? By Rfty Cromley Cramlty WASHINGTON (NEA) - Much has been written on the growth of presidential power. What may have actually occurred is a major deline in that power, especially as it applies to domestic problems. That power has not gone to Congress. But Congress has been responsible for the whittling away of the president's prerequisites, a whittling that has been keenly felt by Presidents Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon, and by earlier occupants of the White House. This whittling began almost immediately after President George Washington's terms ended. Washing-. ton, according to reports, had complete authority over all federal officials and their duties. But Congress, in 1799, began a practice, enlarged in the years since, of vesting statutory powers in agencies or in their heads, rather than in the president. Two Supreme Court decisions, one as late as 1935, have confirmed this right of Congress to vest powers in agencies to be exercised on their own responsibility — except for some military and foreign affairs and domestic matters of high policy. Additionally, so much of the budget is fixed these days the changes any president can make are minimal, even with Congressional consent. It is no wonder that presidents spend much of their time in foreign affairs, sometimes to the neglect of economic and domestic problems. For it is only in foreign, and related military matters that presidents have held their power and perhaps increased it. This tendency may account for the poor record of most recent presidents in dealing with the economy. There has, over the years, been a parallel strengthening of the power of the civil service and the positions of senior civil service employes. The objective has been to prevent the corruption, inefficiencies and inequities of the spoils system. The result has been, in essence, to create a fourth branch of government, almost partly independent of the president and Congress. Department heads are, in considerable measure, prisoners of their permanent staffs. The man at the top ordinarily must work with what the permanent officials give him. Proposals they disagree with can take endless months to carry out, and in the process, can be so changed that the original purposes may be smothered. We thus have in essence a multitude of built-in "courts" throughout the executive, presided over by high-level civil service em- ployes who act as judges, approving or censoring programs pushed by the president and his cabinet and voted by Congress. Even so able an administrator as Deputy Secretary of Defense David Packard quit because he came to the conclusion he couldn't get a handle on the bureaucracy. Department and agency chiefs, and the politically-appointed assistants they bring in, frequently don't begin to understand the ropes until their short tenures have ended. (One learned study, as a corrective measure, recommends that political officials pledge to stay a minumum of two years!) By contrast, many civil service em- ployes are on the job 20 to 30 years and more. The able ones, during that period, gain an encylopedic knowledge of their area and build loyalties and a priceless understanding of who can do what and who can't. This makes the difference between failure and success in many operations. Not surprisingly, these men come to believe that no one understands their job and its objectives as they do and that outside interference only muddies the waters. Some of these permanent staffers have built strong alliances with powerful groups in Congress. These legislators, by working directly with the civil servants, have been able to circumvent more than one President. We are not talking about the crafty empire builders or inefficient men perpetuating themselves, though both exist in numbers in some departments. Rather, we are talking about men with ability who believe sincerely in what they're doing — but who are unwilling to shift their actions and thejr objectives to meet the wishes of men they regard as short-term political officials and whose objectives they frequently believe are wrong. (At best, they regard these transients as ignorant.) The situation is made more difficult by the fact that too many of the supervising officials appointed by any president are unqualified. Some are political hacks, being paid off for work in presidential campaigns. Others are able men unable to adjust to the complicated ins and out of the bureaucratic system. much better response. UNDERSTANDING IN COLORADO DEAR UNDERSTANDING: Ignorance is simply the absence of knowledge, which is no crime. We are all ignorant — only on different subjects. No offense intended. DEAR ABBY: I have recently had a breast removed following cancer surgery. Please don't misunderstand me. I am glad to be alive and thank God it was discovered in time, but there is another problem: My doctor toid me that in my case plastic surgery to recreate a natural-looking breast is possible. I was thrilled until I learned t'hat my insurance company takes the view that since the loss of a breast doesn't impair bodily function and is not the result of an accidental injury, it is considered cosmetic surgery. Although a natural-looking artificial breast isn't essential to my physical well-being, it would do worlds for my morale. Or am I just vain? And don't you think this should be covered by insurance? MRS. F. DEAR MRS. F.: To quote Dr. Eugene W. Worton, a member of The California Society of Plastic Surgeons, and. a consultant of mine: "If a woman has a breast removed because of cancer and wants reconstruction so that she can wear a bathing suit or a low-cut dress, that is hardly cosmetic in the sense of a woman having a facelift or a nose operation. This woman has a deformity she acquired as a result of cancer and she wants to return to normal. She is not asking to be the centerfold of Playboy." I agree with Dr. Worton. Timely Quotes — "If we attempt to blackmail each other or deal with each other from a strong position, then there can be no peace among ourselves or in the world." —Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger to Soviet leader Leonid I. Breznev in Moscow. "We may have to jail the whole country for contempt of Congress." —Rep. Charles A. Mosher, (R-Ohio), told of polls showing declining public confidence in Congress. Daily Times Herald 50H Nurlh Court SI reel Carroll. Iowa l>ail\ Kxccpt Sunda\s iiiul Holidays other than Washing- Inn s ltir(hda\ and Veteran s Day. by (ho Herald Publishing Company .IAMKS W WILSON. Publisher IIDWAHDII WILSON. Kdilor W I. HKITX. News KdHor .IAMKS II WILSON. Vice1'result-ill dcneral Manager KnUTed as second class matter al the post -office at Carmil lima, under Ihe act ol March 2. I8S7 Member nf the Assueiaiod Press The Assueialed Press is entitled exclusively to Ihe us* for repuhliealmn of all the local news printed in this newspaper as \\ell as all AP dispatches Olfinal Paper ol Counl> and City Subscription Kates IU carrier hm delivers per week I 60 IIY MAIL Carroll Count\ and All Adjoining d Hint lev \\here earner ser\ ice is nnl a\ ailahle per v ear • $2000 Dulside nl C'ai roll and Adjoining Cnunlies in Xones I and 2 per veal .12300 Alllilher Mailiiilhel'inled Si,lies per \ car $2700 Meat Tenderizer By Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D. DEAR DR. LAMB — My father and I have been is dispute for quite a while over the use of a product to tenderize meat. My father thinks that if it tenderizes meat it can also tenderize a person's stomach. Is that true? DEAR READER — I won't comment on the controversies surrounding all the various ingredients LAMB in tenderizers, but none of these really relate to ten derizing the stomach. Our stomach is protected from tenderizing. The best tenderizer in the world is the acid pepsin juice formed normally by the stomach. The hydrocloric acid and the enzyme will start the initial digestion of any meat we eat, breaking it down into smaller chemical units. Its action helps to convert solid meat into a slush before it can even leave the stomach. The acid pepsin juice in large quantities will digest areas of the small intestine just outside the stomach causing a duodenal ulcer. Or, if you have a faulty closure mechanism at the top of the stomach the acid pepsin juice will regurgitate into the lower esophagus causing "heartburn" or an ulcer. This can happen with hiatal hernia. For more information on ulcers or hiatal hernia, send for the booklets I have prepared for readers on these subjects. Send 50 cents for each booklet, in care of this newspaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. Be sure to ask for the booklet of your choice. The stomach is coated with a tough, thick layer of mucus that protects the cells of the stomach lining from the acid pepsin juice. It likewise protects the stomach from a lot of things we eat. So, f think that one danger concerning meat tenderi/.prs ran he forgotten. If you are worried about the adverse effects of any tenderizer, you can always tenderize meat by marinating it. Soaking it in vinegar or wine softens the tough connective tissue and makes it tender. Grinding meat (for example, round steak to make hamburger) also breaks up the tough fibers. Neither wine nor vinegar will hurt you if used to tenderize meat before cooking it. Any alcohol present will be destroyed in the cooking process. You can marinate any meat or poultry. Incidentally, the longer a meat is cooked at low temperature, the more tender it will become. The persistent low heat will break down the tough hbers and do the job tor you. DEAR LAMB — This is in regard to victims of arthritis using nylon knit or. Spandex nylon gloves. I have two friends who are using the nylon Isotoner driving gloves. One wears them at night also. The first friend says her hands are not as stiff and painful in the mornings and just recently bought the footlets in Isotoner. Are these really helpful? DEAR READER — I have received an enourmous amount of mail from patients with stiff hands from arthritis who claim that they are. I believe them. Any of the stretch gloves that you can find seem to provide good relief for many patients. Many people have had trouble finding stretch gloves. Some have tried other things, including loosely wrapping their hands in plastic, which is claimed to help. Others have used stretchable gar- merits, including panty hose material, and claimed to have benefited from it. Apparently any stretchy material helps provide relief. Perhaps keeping the hands warm also helps, although just warm gloves have not seemed to produce the same good effects as the stretch material or stretch gloves. Polly's Pointers Hot Water's Many Uses By Polly Cramer POLLY DEAR POLLY — With many shortages looming on the horizon we should be conscious of all our resources. Water drawn rather hot and allowed to cool would warm the bathroom while morning preparations are made. Then use some of that water to wash articles which you 1 would prefer to hand wash. This holding of the bath water for a longer period not only allows the heat to remain in the house rather than go down the drain but also puts much needed moisture in the atmosphere of the house. — E.G. POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — Our daughter, a school teacher in Germany, was home for Christmas and took back some vanilla and an ice cream freezer. She likes to make ice cream. Some of her German friends can get vanilla sticks so asked her and she asked me to ask you and the readers if they could make liquid vanilla with these sticks. Any help will be greatly appreciated. —T.V.B. DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve concerns the way waxed paper is glued to the inside, near the top, of boxes containing cereals and other such foods. After using some of the cereal or whatever it is impossible to fold over the extra waxed paper without tearing it where it had been glued. If this must be glued why cannot they do it near the bottom so we could easily fold over the top of the paper and preserve the food's freshness? — E.F.M. DEAR POLLY — I also had some loose floor tiles and corrected the problem by using a hot iron. If Lenore would place an old towel or piece of sheet over the loose tile and then press with a hot iron the tile will loosen and come up if she desires and then more glue could be applied. If enough glue is still present there may be no need to pull it up but she can just hold it firmly until it cools and adheres again. I increased the heat slowly. — HELEN. DEAR POLLY — Those who knit and need stitch counters will find that little bone rings such as used for curtain tiebacks, pot holders, etc., come in many sizes and are ideal for this use. I am making my third afghan and what a difference since I started using them. — MRS. E.J.D. BERRY'S WORLD © 1974 "Can't you understand, dear? I'm bored being around the house all the time. I want to have a CAREER like you!"