War on poverty Millions living in vast depressed area EDITOR'S NOTE: The "Wir on Poverty" will be launched in a lO-state region stretching from Pennsylvania to Georgia. It is an area whose economy and people once thrived on thousands of coal mines set in picturesque mountain country. The region is called Appalachia and its T2 million people have seen their proud way of life tumble downhill for the past 20 years, pitching them info a sea of poverty. A United Press International reporter has just compl»ted a 1,200- mile swing through the depressed region, interviewing scores of officials and families and piecing together the plight of the largest single concentration of want in this country. The following is the first of three dispatches. By NICHOLAS C. CHRISS APP.4LACHIA, Va. (UPI) If they were anywhere in the tree world other than these United States, millions of peo pie living in the depressed Ap palachian states would be cligi ble for foreign aid. Aid they have received, in the form of welfare checks and charity and for 20 years the region has been slipping down hill. It has largely swept away this dike of dollars in a plunge to widespread hunger, inade- equate housing and deep des pair. Within 10 years, three out of four of the Highlanders in the Cumberland Plateau, most of them ex-coalminers, will be on relief. In some areas, families have been on welfare for three gen erations. Had Little Work Such a family is that of Joseph Riley Muncy at Stone Coal Hollow in West Virginia. Rile> has been on the dole for much of his life, and now his son William Riley Jluncy and his grandson Joseph Riley Jr. arc on charity too. "I hain't never had no work worth to speak of." drawls the elder Muncy. "Right now I'm a drawing S58 a month. Buddy, you can't hardly live on that little bit of money. "I caint's do nothing for my hoys. .And my boys cain't do nothing for me." he said. The trouble is coal, a depressed industry in a depressed legion. Once a boom area, ever turbulent, the mountaineers of the Appalachian region once mined millions of tons of coal from the hills and mountains. But over the years a hard pressed coal industry has switched to automation in its fight to meet the competition from natural gas and oil. Automation Takes Over Hundreds of thousands of coal miners, who know no other occupation, have become jobless because automation makes it possible for mines to cmplov only a fraction of their work I force of a decade or two ago.! JIany miners have tried to| earn a living by working in thci "dog hole" mines, small, independent non - union operations which use trucks instead of railroads !o haul out the coal. A miner who works in a "dog hole" is imnicdiatcly blacklisted by the union. He goes to the mine only as a last resort and receives less pay and no fringe benefits. The mines are often unsafe. Hardest hit are the coalmin ing regions of West Virginia, Kentucky, Virginia and Ten- nesese. Appalachia also includes parts of Alabama, North Carolina, Georgia, Pennsylvania Ohio and JIaryland. Proud, hardheadcd and often reluctant to leave the mountains he loves, the brooding coal miner, his patient wife and their flock of children have been shunted from the mainstream of the nation's economy and onto t li e treadmill of subsidized poverty. The statistics are somber. In 1947 tliere were 450,000 mining jobs in the region. By "These people are among the finest in the world, but relief handouts are destroying them," says Harlan, Ky. hotel owner Jack Anderson. "They need a cure, not a treatment and time is running out." Unlike the "New South." the Appalachia region is still tied to a kind of one-crop economy: coal. The Old South tried and finally overcame its subservience to King Cotton. But the South was wide open to new in dustry and new people and new ideas. Appalachians are bottled up in coves and hollows, encircled and intwined in a fortress of| mountains and hills that defy access to new industry or new people. Inertia Replaces Incentive Inertia has replaced incentive. Apathy is widespread. Children stay home from school because they have no shoes. A region that once was among the most abundant in the nation is prostrate. The brightest hope for many — and there are many others who shrug and look with skepticism — is President Johnson's SI.I billion war on national poverty. The region will be the first battleground. A long range development plan has been proposed by the President's Appalachia Regional Commission (PARC). The estimated expenditure is $5 billion to be spent over 5 to 7 years. Only a long range program can save the area, say the people of Appalachia. The PARC program cites these problems in the Appalachia: 1. Lack of access to and within the region. 2. A technological inability to utilize the area's natural resources of coal, timber and arable land. 3. Lack of control and exploitation of Appalachia's lor rential rainfall. 4. Inadequate sources to train and retrain the youth. Training For Jobless To pump new economic blood into the region, P.ARC has proposed a network of roads, re forestration, exploiting the rainfall, new uses of coal within the region (possibly in stream generating plants), development of a recreational area and training for the jobless. While most of tiie unemployed coal miners live in rural areas, it is a non-rural population. The terrain is unsuited to farming. The unemployed highlander is a destitute coal miner, not a poverty strick en farmer. He has been surveyed, r< ported, itemized and tabulate m reams of statistics by go\ emment and private agencies he now looks to Washington for an answer, partial though it may be, to the problems that have made him a forgotten man in a land of plenty. Tomorrow: One family's plight Lynwood man far, far apart wins glider championships Redlands Daily facts Monday, Mar. 2, 1964 - 9 LA JOLLA (UPI)—Ray Proe- neke of Ly-nwood was the sweepstakes winner of Sunday's ISth atmual Pacific Coast Mid-Winter I Soaring Championships on Torrey Pines Mesa near here. Missile engineer Sterling Starr of San Diego flew 51 miles for the longest glider flight; Larry Bell of San Gabriel was first in spot landing and "bomb-drop" accuracy; and Fred Harris of San Gabriel was in the air lOVi hours for duration honors. What attracts men, what men think they like Russions fry to charm Norwegians OSLO (UPI) —Russian diplomats have launched a "charm campaign" for Norwegian students and youth organizations to pave the way for Premier Nikita S. Klirushchev's visit this summer, it was reported here today. Invitation cards for cocktail parties and special session.s have been handed out in rapid succession to Norwcitjn students and representatives of the main youth movement, including the conservatives. Tlie Soviet government called off a planned Scandinavian tour by Khnishchcv some years ago, apparently because of the hostility of many residents of Norway, Sweden and Denmark. By GAY PAULEY .N'EW YORK (UPI) — What what a man thinks he likes in a woman are about as far apart as tiie poles, says a French fashion authority. It's a woman talking when when she lists "what is really attractive to men" and "what men think they like—but only in the movies." To Mme. Genevieve -Antione Dariaux, wife, mother, designer and director of a famous fashion house, men like full skirts, tiny waists, and longlegged look in women; clothes that are in fashion but not avante-garde; furs and a general air of luxury; almost any shade of blue, white, very pale and very dark gray; some men like their wives in black, others hate it; subtle sophisticated blends of perfumes, and collars on suits and coats. They think they iike, "but only in the movies," revealing tight skirts and "aggressively pointed" bosoms; false eyelash es; "femme fatale lingerie; or iental perfumes; spike heels, and yards of black fringe and miles of red chiffon flounces. Mme. Dariaux designed accessories for the French haute couture, designed knitwear for a small Paris firm, and boutiquei clothes for the late Jacques Fath, designer, before she joined the salon of Nina Ricci as directress in 1959. Gartx) have chic: but Rita Hay- Her opinions of men, but'worth and Elizabeth Taylor, in mostly on what makes a woman fashionable, are given in her first book "Elegance" which Doubleday will publish March 13. Elegance, A to Z Mme Dariau.\ used a dictionary approach in her guide to elegance—"A" for accessories ("alligator is strictly for sports or travel"), to "Z" for Zippers ("must have been invented by some weary and impatient husband tired of the nightly ritual of unfastening an endless row of tiny buttons running down the back of his wife's dress"). Elegance she defined as "a sort of harmony that rather resembles beauty, with the difference that the latter is more often a gift of nature and the former the result of art." Chic, she said "is a gift of the gods and has no relationship to beauty nor to wealth. One baby in its crib may have chic, while another doesn't." "Perhaps," continues Mme. Dariaux, "the best way to describe this quality is by giving some examples: "The Kennedy family has chic; but the Truman family doesn't. "The late Queen Mary of England had chic; but Queen Juliana of the Netherlands doesn't. Marlene Dietrich and Greta spite of their beauty, their simptuous clothes and jewels, do not," JIme. Dariaux believes suits are the most practical foundation of the elegant woman's wardrobe. She likes beige shoes the same shade as your stock ings; purse accessories that match; coats with skirts of the same material; a pearl necklace for everybody. On the negative side, she eschews boots except for sports or travel and adds, "not many women's legs are built for boots"; she opposes sunglasses except in bright sunlight or if the eyes are red from weeping; to knees showing, and she quotes a French proverb which translated means, "To stay happy, stay hidden"; curlers in public; and shorts — "after 16 years of age you should not wear shorts of any kind except on the beach, the tennis court, or on board a boat." Falsics, she decrees, "are meant to be worn only in absolutely desperate cases and even then with discretion." A diamond ring "is the only form of diamond jewelry that can be correctly worn before lunchtime." And, in discussing good grooming as an essential of elegance, she asserts "The comer- Mayor Wegner's wife dies of cancer NEW YORK (UPI) - Mrs. Susan Edwards Wagner, 54, wife of JIayor Robert F, Wagner and first lady of New York since 1954, died today at Grade Mansion of cancer. Death came at 12:55 p.m. in her second floor bedroom of the historic home of the city's mayors. Her husband and her two sons, Robert F. Wagner 3rd. 20, and Duncan Edwards, 16, were with her at the end. Discovery of general bronch ogenic cancer was made at St. Luke's Hospital last May when Jlrs. Wagner went there for a checkup. The cancer already was far advanced and repeated stays at the hospital and every t.vpe of medical treatment including cobalt radiation and chemotherapy, were in vain. Death came quickly after Mrs. Wagner took a turn for the worse this weekend. The mayor's executive secretary. Debs Jlyers. announced to reporters at City Hall this morning that she was not expected to live through the day. Mrs. Wagner had been a patient at St. Luke's several times j during the past year after bron -i chogenic cancer was diagnosed | last May. In recent months she I had curtailed her public ap-i pearances and cut down on of- Fire fatal to man in motel HAWTHORNE (UPI)- George Wenning Jr.. 36, Hawthorne, was burned to death early today when fire swept his motel room. Investigators said Wenning apparently fell a.sleep while smoking. ficial entertaining at Gracie Mansion, which she had opened to countless charity and civic committees during her more than nine years of residence there. Dr. William S. Norton, her physician, aid Mrs. Wagner took a turn for the worse over the weekend despite every type of medical treatment including cobalt radiation and chemotherapy. "it has not been possible to keep the cancer under control," Norton said. "She is comfortable with oxygen and sedatives." The former Susan Edwards of a socially prominent Gren- wich. Conn., family, was married to Wagner on St. Valentine' Day, 1942, in St. Patrick's Cathedral. stone of elegance might be represented by a bar of soap." EVINRUDE MOTORS Sales and Service GLASSPAR BOATS mHAM'S MARm phone 793-4925 1425 West Redlands Blvd. 1962 tliat figure hsd dropped to 162.000 and it is still dropping. Two million persons have left the region since 1940. Of those "that remain. I'l- million over age 25 are illiterate. WeUare checks and handouts have become a Farmers ask aid for housing of worl(er families S.-\CRAMENTO (UPI) — The 1964 Legislature cculd very well provide an answer to tlie plea of a conference held in Bakersfield late last week. A major request of The Conference on Families Who Follow the Crops was that the government establish adequate family housing for farm workers. Tlie two-day conference also recommended dropping all resident requirements for health and welfare benefits and improving educational opportunities for minorities, culturally deprived and needy children. Soon after the Legislature reconvenes today the lawmakers will be presented with a propo sal to sUrt a S50 to SlOO million loan program for low-cost farm labor housing. This aU-eady has been decid cd by the Senate Fact-Finding Committee on Labor and Welfare. According to the committee chairman. Sen. Vernon Sturgeon of Paso Robles, the legislation will set up a California farm labor housing program. Under the proposal, the pro- food! gram would operate in much way;the same way as the present of life for more than 5 million i Cal-Vet Farm and Home Loan people in Appalachia's hills and hollows. CO*-'.:-'!UN!iTY CHEST 'BE /GENEROUS: THE NEEDS OF YOUR I COMMUNITY ^PLUMBING Ca , S20TEXA5 ST. REOLANDS.CAUF. System. This nearly unique state - sponsored program furnishes loans at low interest irates. j The Senate plan would allow ja tate bond issue to finance jlow cost, 30-year loans to farm i workers, farmers or associations. The loans would be limit- led to S7.500 per dwelling unit. FOR.,. 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