Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on June 25, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Tuesday, June 25, 1963
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(jfolesburg Register-Moil,Galesburg, 111, Tues., June 25, 1963 Call to Arms Court's Bible Ruling Seen as Detrimental By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN Wo can bounce messages off Tclslar, we can call anybody anywhere in the United States on the phone foi* a pittance after a certain hour, yet as the mcchanrcal marvels of communication increase, our ability to formulate and project what we think becomes more and more imperiled by political acts. The recent Supreme Court decision regarding Bible reading in the schools, for example, is almost certainly bound to have the hidden effect of making us a less literate nation. Thus, by a tortured construction of the freedom of religion clause in the First Amendment to the Constitution, the Supreme Court may be helping to negate the freedom of speech clause that is to be found in the same amendment. This is an irony that would have dumbfounded the Founding Fathers, even though it seems to have escaped eight out of nine of the present Supreme Court justices. THE FACT IS that the riches of English prose style have been passed along for generations by bringing children into early contact with the King James version of the Bible. To the extent that this columnist knows how to make use of rhythm and alliteration and metaphor, he owes it to a happy combination of youthful circumstance. His grandmother, for one thing, paid him fifty cents for each book of the Bible he read from beginning to end — an admittedly crass and unspiritual transaction, but it worked. Then, in grammar school religious exercises and, later, in compulsory chapel (which I hated at the time simply because it was compulsory), our generation was treated to the daily rise and fall of King James prose from teachers, headmasters, deans and visiting clergymen. The jargon of "cducation- esc," as espoused by the "meet the needs" school of utilitarian educators, had not yet invaded the schools to drown out the King James style — and, paradoxical­ ly, this helped to "meet the needs" of the fledgling writers who hoped to go on from college to careers in journalism or book authorship. SINCE tm WORLD has become increasingly secularized in the past 30 years, many young people now owe their sole, contact with King James English to Bible reading and recitation in the grammar grades. But now' the Supreme Court has cut the last connection with a tradition. In the future we can look forward to fewer, and less versatile, writers. Of course, there is a way around the difficulties imposed by the Supreme Court decision. No doubt some bright educator will come up with a grade school course to be called "The Bible as Living Literature." Or, just in case this might be regarded by the courts as a subterfuge designed to mask religious indoctrination, the bright educator will call his course "The Cultural Foundations of the West." and texts from Greek and Latin literature will be included along with the Lord's Prayer, thu Twenty-third Psalm, and the Gospel According to St. Luke. There are ways of retaining the cultural advantages of exposure to religious texts m the schools. MY OWN PARTICULAR generation was fortunate that the "true- false" question had not displaced the essay as the measure of a pupil's ability to get a passing mark in a course. The electronic scoring of tests had not yet been devised, so we wrote, and wrote, and then wrote again, in the effort to convey to our teachers what we had learned. This did not make us into whizzes as quiz kids, but it did leach us to put words together actively. It is too bad that the Supreme Court did not outlaw the use of the mechanical computer in grading tests instead of zeroing in on the Bible and the Lord's Prayer. While the Supreme Court has, unwittingly, done its best to undermine the freedom of speech clause of the First Amendment by indirection, the National Labor Relations Board threatens to strike another indirect blow at the same Constitutional guarantee'. The General Electric Co. has devoted a lot of careful study to the busi r ness of communicating the "bread and butter facts" of international competition to its many employes. But a National Labor Relations Board trial examiner has suggest' ed, in a "preliminary finding," that General Electric's communications of its views on such things as competition and job security constitute ah interference with collective bargaining by "locking" the GE management into "inflexibility." If the NLRB sustains the trial examiner's preliminary finding, it will be equivalent to telling GE to keep its mouth shut lest it convince itself that it knows its own mind. Talk was once considered cheap. But for our children it may turn out to be impossible. (Copyright 1963, King Features) Civil Rights Message Burden for Congress T>.. TTTTimTr* T*l TT' T~\ f' f~\ X T r~i , . .... EDITORIAL Comment and Review President Kennedy's broad civil rights proposals represent just about the heaviest down payment any modern-day president has ever made on his party's civil rights platform planks. The Democrats' I960 platform was a sweeping affair in this field. And the President's new message, together with earlier proposals and actions, leaves almost no part of that party document untouched. The platform called for: • Stronger Negro voting rights, including elimination of literacy tests and poll taxes as voting requirements. • Speed-up of school desegregation, with every affected school district submitting at least first-step compliance plans by 1963. Aid to those districts facing special transition problems. • Power to the US attorney general to begin federal court suits to bar denial of any civil rights. • A new fair employment practices commission to secure equal opportunity in employment. • A permanent civil rights commission with broader authority than the existing one created in 1957 on a temporary basis. • Improved employment opportunities for Negroes throughout the federal service and on all government contracts. • An end to discrimination in federal or federally assisted housing. Before the President's big, new program went up to Congress, he already had acted through executive order on housing and equal employment in the federal establishment. Earlier this year he had proposed a re- Civil Rights Aims newed, stronger, though not permanent civil rights commission, and an casing (but not elimination) of literacy tests for voting, not to mention aid to school districts in process of desegregating. FEPC "equal opportunity" legislation has been in the congressional works for some time, • and lias in fact just cleared its first House committee hurdle. The current message gets into new ground, however, in urging authority to the attorney general to start suits in school desegregation and public accommodation (lunch counters, etc.) cases. Right now, such suits are begun only by the complaining individuals. The platform is more sweeping, suggesting the attorney general have power to start suits in any kind of civil rights action. For that matter, so was the quite similar proposal of former President Eisenhower—which Was stricken from the 1957 civil rights bill. Nor has Kennedy here urged the kind of first-step compliance timetable for school desegregation which the platform demanded. But in two respects, at least, his message goes beyond the platform. There was no call, as there is now, for a federal law specifically barring discrimination in restaurants, stores, hotels, theaters. This idea is not only new, but untested in the courts. Most of the tilings that are new in the President's message would give the attorney general added specificand broadly discretionary power. They may or may not be enacted. If they should be, they would make the Justice Department perhaps the busiest, and certainly one of the costliest agencies in the federal establishment. Up Cen Ah, and it'll be "Cead Mile Faille" when the President of the United Stales arrives in Dublin Wednesday. For what honest Irish heart could but be wishing n hundred thousand welcomes to a Cenncdigh of County Wexford, whose great grandfather, Patrick Kennedy, left the ould sod in a "coffin ship" in 1848— in the great potato famine? And him comin' back to visit the remains of the humble cottage where Patrick Kennedy was born and say hello to his cousins at Dunganstown? And there'll be talk, sure, of blarney and nedigli! leprechauns and Killarney and the fair city of Dublin and (he River Lil'fey. And the city of New Ross, whence Patrick Kennedy set off tor America, will offer its freedom to John F. Kennedy, and so will Dublin, Welford, Limerick and Cork—and Galway in a ceremony conducted entirely in Gaelic. And there'll be a tribute from a special session of the combined Dail and Seanad Eireann, and honorary doctorates in law from (he National University of Ireland and Dublin University's Trinity College. Up Cenncdigh! Up the Irish! Billboard eyesores along the interstate highway system in Illinois appear inevitable, the state House of Representatives having shelved legislation which would have entitled Illinois to an extra bonus of half of one per cent of the cost if the billboard ban wore enacted. Deadline for qualifying for this extra federal grant is Sunday, unless Congress extends it. Only 19 states have qualified for the bonus payment in the last five years. Bills were killed outright this year by the legislatures in Iowa, North Carolina, Georgia, Colorado and Arizona, and the issue is unsettled in California and Rhode Island. Congress in 1958 authorized control of outdoor advertising within designated limits of the routes of the interstate system. States which agreed to ban all except "informational" signs within 660 feet of rights-of-way were to receive incentive payments of an extra one-half of one per cent of the cost of inter- Billboard Ey esorcs state projects within their boundaries. When the provision was about to lapse in 1961, Congress extended it for another two years over the opposition of the billboard and motel lobbies. In his highway message to Congress in 1961, President Kennedy declared that the interstate system "was not intended to provide a large and unreimbursed measure of benefits to the billboard industry, whose structures tend to detract from both the beauty and safety of the routes they line." An accident analysis run by the New York Thruway Authority on its 1.118-mile toll highway shows that accidents caused by inattention were three times as numerous on one small stretch where billboards are permitted as on the remainder of the road. The Thruway sent out a small army of workmen at dawn on June 10 and tore down 53 large siens under a 1%2 state law forbidding advertising billboards within 600 feet of the right of way. By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - President Kennedy's civil rights message is in effect a second State of the Union message sent to Capitol Hill in June instead of January. ' Using the current race relations disturbances as a peg, the President has hung onto it all the major domestic reforms he has recommended before. He includes tax reduction, the need to promote greater and more rapid economic growth, aid to education, his youth programs, more vocational training and even the Area Redevelopment Act, which the House recently killed, but which the Senate is trying valiantly to bring back to life. THE PRESIDENT now wr«ps all these old requests in a message of more than 20 major legislative recommendations, with some new demands for sweeping new executive powers. He tells Congress to stay in session till it gets all the parts put together in a single omnibus bill, this year. The rationalization for this approach is fairly obvious. Most of the 20 million Negroes in the United States are. at the bottom of the economic heap. They have the lowest paid jobs, the lowest average income, the worst housing, the lowest educational level, the highest unemployment, the highest percentage on relief. UNTIL THIS ONE-NINTH of the population is better educated and put to work at higher skills there can be no full employment,' no general prosperity, no economic growth sufficient to absorb all the new workers entering the labor force every year. "Delinquency, vandalism, gang warfare, disease, slums and the high cost of public welfare and crime are all directly related to whites and Negroes alike," says the President. He adds that, "Recent labor difficulties in Philadelphia may well be only the beginning if more jobs are not found in northern cities." Here the President indirectly brings into the civil rights message his juvenile delinquency program, medical care under social security, urban renewal, public housing, the anti-crime drive and improvement of labor- management relations. The President even requests a company- by-company, plant-by-plant and union-by-union report on equal employment opportunity agreements covering 20 million workers. The President is marshaling all the executive powers of his office to further his objectives. He has told his secretaries of labor and health, education and welfare to deal directly with local communities on work relief for unemployed fathers and aid to dependent children, wherever state co-operation lags. He has earmarked $400 million which he had previously cut from his January budjet.requests" for nevv.-aids-to education. He has instructed the Departments of Commerce, Labor and Health to re-examine their programs to see if they cannot give more aid to depressed areas and the long- term unemployed. In short, he makes civil rights an economic problem, not a social problem to handle on an emotional or a moral basis. "Our concern with civil rights must not cause any diversion or dilution of our efforts for economic progress," the President declares. "For without such progress the Negro's hopes will remain unfulfilled." FINALLY, THE PRESIDENT is setting up by executive order —until Congress gets around to establishing it by law—a new Federal Community Relations Service. Its function will be to try to restore peace to communities threatened or torn by racial, tensions. / This race relation conciliation service will be empowered to act on invitation of local communities or on its own motion. The latter option is an experiment intended to minimize violence, and it may work that way. But interference by the federal government in what has always been considered the domain of local authority may also mean the beginning of the end of states' rights forever. The powers which the President's civil rights message asks Congress to bestow on the U.S. attorney general is another long step in that direction. Congress will be taking a long, hard, look at this whole bill of particulars. It's going to. be a long,' hot summer in Washington, lasting till Thanksgiving before it's all over—if not Christmas. Rockefeller Declines Second Young GOP Bid Bv FULTON T.F.WTS .TI? „..kii„„„„ i _« ™ ' By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - It's two in a row for Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller, who this week passes up his second straight Young Republican National Convention. The New York governor declined to attend the last affair, held in 1961, citing as his excuse a heavy Albany schedule. While GOP juniors met in Minneapolis, Rocky, however, was photographed shooting pool in a New York youth center. Months ago Rockefeller turned down an invitation to address the 1963 conclave, which opens tomorrow in San Francisco. Republican pros take with a grain of salt his excuse that pressing business would keep him at home.' The most likely reason is one given two years ago by a party leader close to Rockefeller: "Nelson's no fool. He knows the reception he'd get out there would be positively chilling." Only two so-called liberals will be on hand this week. They are Oregon Gov. Mark Hatfield and Pennsylvania Sen. Hugh Scott. CERTAIN TO GO down as hero of this convention is Arizona Sen, Barry Goklwater, who is scheduled for a major address. Texas Son. John Tower has promised to join Goidwnter in San Francisco to meet the 1,500 Young Re­ publicans from all 50 states. Several of the party's bright young congressmen will be present, including Tennessee's Bill Brock and Texas' Ed Foreman, both unabashed conservatives. A possible gauge of YR sentiment is that both candidates for national chairman label themselves conservatives. They are Donald "Buz" Lukens, of Washington, D. C, an aide to GOP members of the House Rules Committee, and Charles McDevitt, member of the Idaho legislature. Lukens, a reserve captain in Barry Goldwater's Air Force unit, says frankly the party must nominate a conservative in 1964. McDevitt, who claims a conservative voting record in the Idaho Legislature, is nevertheless backed by the delegations of N e w York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, all liberal strongholds. Lukens draws most of his strength from the conservative South, the Great Plains and Rocky Mountain States. IDAHO'S GRACIE PFOST, long a familiar fixture in the House of Representatives, tried for the Senate last fall. She lost. Washington's Don Magnuson lost his bid for House re-election. Chicago's Sidney Yates gave up a safe congressional seat to run QUOTES FROM THE DAY'S NEWS breakfast conversation with President Kennedy: "We had a good exchange of views on many subjects." (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International BONN, Germany — West Berlin Mayor Willy Brandt, after a NEW YORK — The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., urging immediate solution to this nation's racial problems: "Time is running out, and the Negro is making palpably clear that ho wants all of his rights, that he wants them here and wants them now." statewide for the Senate. The gamble failed. Congressman Blaine Peterson saw Utah voters turn thumbs down on his bid for a second term. All of the above have one thing in common — they are defeated Democrats, but they have found their place at the federal trough. Mrs. Pfost pulls down $18,000 a year at the Federal Housing Au' thority; Magnuson, $16,000 at the Agriculture Department; Yates, $22,500 at the UN; Peterson $70-a- day at the Food for Peace Agency. There are others. Walter Moeller, a two-term Ohio Congressman, was upset last fall by Republican "Pete" Abele. A Lutheran minister, Moeller now makes $16,000 a year at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Floyd Breeding found a $17,- 925-a-ycar slot at the Department of Agriculture after voters turned him out of office. Frank Kowalski was named to the Subversive Activities Control Board at $20,000 after his congressional career came to an end. REMINISCING Of Bygone Years FIFTY YEARS AGO Wednesday, June 25, 1913 Board of directors of the Galesburg District Fair Association, completed plans for the fair to be held in September. A number of friends of Miss Arleta Frederick held a birthday party for her at her home, 437 E. Third St. Catherine Norell makes $14,565 as an assistant secretary of state. Her congressional district was combined with that of another Arkansas Democrat. Kathryn Granahan, a Philadel­ phia Democrat, lost her seat through redis'tricting. She now makes $20,000 a year ,as United States Treasurer. (Copyright 1963, King Features) Crossword Puzzzle Animal Fair ACROSS Carnivorous mammal Huskies, for instance < Young cow The whole Mountain (comb, form) Wings Unit of reluctance Torment Caustic (med.) Musteline mammal Footlike part Striplings Sunk fence Withered Pedal digit European butterfly Mean Made taut Pilfered City in the Netherlands Horse's neck hairs Plateau Calliope Corded fabric Fall flower Discomfited Assures anew Eggs Containers Ooze Recent Kill Crafts Sea eagle DOWN 1 Transportation fee 2 Heavy blow 3 Musical instrument H i 4] 8 : 12' 13: ( 14' 15' 16 18 20 21 22 24 26 27 30 32 34 35 36 37 39 40 41 42 45 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 4 Loves to excess 5 Algerian seaport 6 Well-born 7 Drunkard 8 Wrongfully condemned one 9 Dismounted 10 Waste in sloth 11 Sense 17 Fierce 19 Transactions 23 Get up 24 Detest 25 Mimicked 26 Drinks taken at fountains - H E= i_ E N c A M A D A |A Q ra <3 R EL m v 11™ H^BBS maw 38 Closer 27 Communication 40 Untidy 29 Girl's name 43 Fur-bearing sea 31 Nocturnal animal mammals 44 Shrew squirrel 33 Heavy volumes 46 Vegetable aosn— 47 Always medium 28 Individuals 41 Grates 42 Circle parts 48 Daybreak 50 Free nation (ab.) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 U 12' 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 • 20 21 • 22 23 24 25 • • 28 29 30 31 • 32 33 34 1 35 36 • > 38 • 39 40 • 41 42 43 44 • 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 25 NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN. he Modern blue-black inks are made according to an ancient recipe: a soluble iron salt mixed wiih an extract of tannin. The first inks, dating back to about 2500 B.C. Egyptian and Chinese civilizations, were made of lampblack ground with a solution of glue or gum and allowed to harden into sticks. JACKSON, Miss. — Dist. Alty. William Waller, speaking of Byron De La Beckwith, who is accused as the slayer of Negro civil rights leader Medgar Evers: "I will ask for the death penalty if, and when, he (Beckwith) is indicted and tried." TWENTY YEARS AGO Friday, June 25, 1913 Members of the Galcsburg Exchange Club held their final meeting of the summer at the Galesburg Club. Meetings were to resume in the fall. Ralph Johnson, Galesburg city treasurer, was appointed Military Training Corps Association chairman for Knox County. Qalesburg Register-Mail AUSTIN, Tex. — Price Ashton, attorney for a group of Negroes appealing a court order for gradual integration of public schools in Georgetown, Tex.: "Thirteen years is just too long to give them to desegregate Uie schools." Now -You Know By United Press International The now extinct dinosaur "brontosaurus," or "thunder lizard," measured up to 70 feet in length and weighed as much as 35 tons, according to the American Museum of Natural History. Office 140 South prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-5161 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3. 1879. Daily except Sunday^ ' Ethel Custer Schmith—.—Publisher Charles Morrow Editor M. H. Eddy .Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston, Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia. Charlotte. MEMFER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesbursj 35c a Week. By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Xear $10.00 3 Months |3.50 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.23 No mail subscriptions accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier in retail trading zone outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 80c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone. I jf, eal(h J 1 !-* 3 Months $3.73 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month fl 25 By mail outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri e X&Hu l 1 .?^? 3 Months SS.00 6 Months ? 9.50 1 Month E>.00 1>

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