Home Paptr of 70 Communities Galesburg Register-Mail Weather Stripe Bed Wednesday Warm With Scattered Shower*, High Around Ninety A Better Newspaper VOLUME LXXII— 149 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — TUESDAY, JUNE 25, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Kennedy Pledges U S Defense of Europe Space Agency Reveals Russian Secrecy Over Spacecraft Explosion Use of Bible In Delaware Is Approved DOVER, Del. (AP)-Atty. Gen. David P. Buckson of Delaware has ruled that Bible readings and the recitation of the Lord's Prayer may continue in state public schools on a voluntary basis. Buckson said Monday that state laws requiring such exercises have been rendered unconstitutional by the recent U.S. Supreme Court ruling. But he said "the same Constitution and articles thereof, which are now being interpreted to abolish laws which make religious services a duty, may also be invoked to permit religious services as a right." No Laws Necessary "No laws are necessary to compel the exercise, and enjoyment of these rights and no laws will be tolerated which will deny enjoyment of these privileges," Buck- feon's opinion said. "The absence of laws requiring the reading of the Bible and repeating of the Lord's Prayer should make it more meaningful when done voluntarily," he said. Buckson also said privately that his child, at the opening of the next school term, will read from the Bible in class, recite the Lord's Prayer and salute the flag. CAB Cuts Subsidies WASHINGTON (UPI) — The Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) says a plan to reduce federal government subsidies to U.S. commercial airlines will be completed by June 30., Alan S. Boyd, CAB chairman, told a Senate appropriations subcommittee Monday that "the program contemplates a substantial and continuing reduction in subsidy" for the carriers. Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS 22 PAGES Abingdon 17 Amusement 6 BushncII 6 Classified Ads 21-21 Comics-TV-Radio 18 Editorial J 4 Galva 6 Hospital Notes 6 Knoxville 17 Markets 16 Monmouth 10 Obituary 19 Sports 14-15 Weather 2 Women in the News 8-9 Breaks Up Into 24 Pieces After Launching Last Fall WASHINGTON (AP)—One of several Soviet spacecraft about which the Russians have said nothing apparently exploded into 24 orbiting pieces shortly after launching last fall, the U. S. space agency reports. In any event, it probably was the biggest bust-up in space since the U. S Transit 4A satellite ve- hide shattered into 186 separate orbiting parts after a launching June 29, 1961. The hitherto unreported Soviet spraying of orbital debris occurred last Oct. 24. There was no indication in the U. S. report whether the spacecraft could have been manned. The breaking up of the Soviet satellite was brought to light in a satellite situation report published semimonthly by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. Change Policy The disclosure clearly was the result of the recently announced change in policy under which NASA is to make public all non classified space flight data sent to it by the North American Air Defense Command and other agencies. NORAD, among its other duties, tracks foreign objects in orbit. For many months, virtually all information on Soviet shots, except for data announced by Moscow, was withheld from the NASA reports even though the information had no apparent military significance. Drop to Earth The pieces of the unsuccessful Soviet shot began dropping back into the earth's atmosphere on Oct. 29, five days after launching, NASA said. The last section left orbit Feb. 26. The big breakup of the U.-S. satellite involved the Navy's launching of the 175-pound Transit 4A navigation satellite with two smaller scientific satellites, Injun 3 and Greb, riding piggyback. The two satellites detached themselves from Transit satisfactorily but not from each other, and went into orbit with Transit as the 95-pound Injun satellite. Three of the fragments have fallen out of orbit. Congressman Offers Proof Of Clubbing WASHINGTON (AP)-An Illinois . congressman contends that the Kennedy administration ex- (-erted. influence on radio and television outlets to publicize its viewpoint on the recent wheat referendum. Rep. Paul Firidley, R-Ill., based his criticism on an April 12 memorandum issued by Ray Fitzgerald, deputy administrator for state and county operations in the Agriculture Department. The Illinois congressman said Uie memorandum noted that government officials should remind radio and television stations that they are federally licensed for three years. He added it advised that the renewal of licenses could depend upon the adequacy of their public service programs. Generals Pull Rank H Y T H E, England (UPI)-^ Farmer Ray Edwards said Monday he had to move his cows from an army training ground because "generals didn't like being stared at by cows." He said his cattle were friendly but no respecters of rank. "I have seen them walk up to high- ranking officrs and look over their shoulders," he said. Authorities to Question Wife of Wounded General OKLAHOMA CITY (UPD-Air Force Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Gent remained in critical condition today with a bullet wound in the head and military authorities planned to question his 52-year- old wife. Gent, outgoing commander of the 32nd Air Division, was shot early Monaaj with a 25-caliber automatic pistol in the couple's quarters at Tinker Air Force Base. The shooting occurred less than 24 hours after Gent's wife, Martha, was arrested for drunken driving, resisting arrest and assaulting an officer. She was free on ijpnd. Military authorities said their investigation would take at least three days. They said they hoped to question Gent later this week The bullet entered Gent's left temple, traveled almost straight line and came out the right side of his head. He was rushed to an Oklahoma City hos pital in critical condition, but he improved during the day and hospital spokesmen said they were optimistic about his chances of recovery, His wife was taken to the Tinker Air Force Base Hospital in a state of shock. She was under heavy sedation and authorities were unable to question her Monday. Lost or Discarded SOUTHEND, England (UPD— Officials of the local lost and found office are wondering what to do with the item found on a street Monday. It was a white- iced, one-tier wedding cake. Demos Select Atlantic City For Conclave WASHINGTON (UPI) — The Democratic party's Sites Committee recommended today that the 1964 Democratic National Convention be held in Atlantic City, N. J., on Aug. 24, 1964. The recommendation was taken up immediately by the National Committee. It was expected to adopt the proposal quickly and give the New Jersey city its first national political convention. Atlantic City was picked over Miami Beach. Chicago was ruled out earlier when the Sites Committee decided to hold the convention on Aug. 24. The convention hall in Chicago had been booked previously for that date. Is Pleased Gov. Richard J. Hughes of New Jersey, who appeared before the committee to make a pitch for Atlantic City, said he was "very pleased" that the convention will be held in the East Coast city. Hughes said the state offered $625,000 for the convention. This included $200,000 appropriated by the state; $75,000 guaranteed by the hotels; $75,000 guaranteed by local businesses; $25,000 to be raised by the city, and $250,000 pledged by New Jersey business and industry. German Reds Slow Traffic Into Berlin BERLIN (UPI) - East Ger. man Communist border guards slowed traffic to West Berlin today and asked travelers if they were going there because of President Kennedy's visit. •Border guards at checkpoints at both ends of the 110-mile highway between West Germany and West Berlin held up traffic today, delaying buses as much as 2M> hours. The guards asked why travelers were going to Berlin, if it was to see Kennedy and who paid for the trip. Mr. K Plans Trip Premier Khrushchev will make a hurriedly scheduled visit to East Germany this weekend in an obvious attempt to counter some of the effect Of President Kennedy's tour of West Germany. The announcement early today of Khrushchev's trip called it a friendly visit in connection with the 70th birthday Sunday of Walter Ulbricht, East Germany's Communist leader. Western quarters in Moscow viewed Khrushchev's plans as an effort to counterweight Kennedy's visit and boost East German morale, always the low point in the Soviet bloc. A West German government spokesman in Bonn agreed. Charges Doubters ^ ents Nab f Official of FH A Suggests Shift Of Farm Land ST. LOUIS (AP)—The national administrator of the Farmers Home Administration has recommended switching farm land to other income-producing use in order to increase farm income and reduce surpluses. Howard Bertsch, speaking Monday at a three-day conference of 100 FHA leaders from eight Midwestern states, suggested the land be used for grazing, forests and recreational facilities. The FHA provides credit to individuals and groups unable to obtain it from conventional lenders. Give Aid to Enemy FRANKFURT, Germany (AP)—President Kennedy, in a blunt rebuttal to President Charles de Gaulle's concept of an independent Europe, said today those who doubt the U.S. pledge to defend Western Europe "give aid and comfort" to enemies of the West. "The United States," Kennedy promised, "will risk its cities to defend yours because we need your freedom to protect ours. "Those who would doubt our pledge or deny this indivisibility —those who would separate Europe from America or split one ally from another—would only give aid and comfort to the n»n who make themselves our adversaries and welcome any Western disarray," he said. Issues Challenge Kennedy coupled his criticism with a challenge to all West Europeans—that they work together to become a new and unified world power able to join the United States in "a full give-and- take between equals." Kennedy's challenge to Do Gaulle's ideas came in the major speech of his European tour, prepared for delivery in Frankfurt's Paulskirche. The historic St. Paul's Church is known as the cradle of German democracy. It was the focal point of the abortive 1848 uprising against tyranny. De Gaulle has contended that the United States would not risk a nuclear holocaust at home to defend Western Europe. He conceives of a Europe free of close ties with the United States. Without mentioning the French leader by name, Kennedy said doubts about American steadfastness "fly in the face o fhistory." He told his listeners: "For 18 years the United States has stood its watch for freedom all around the world. The firmness of American will, and the effectiveness of American strength, have been shown in defense of free men and free government, in Asia, in Africa, in the Americas, and, above all, here in Europe." Have 40 Allies The President said the United States has undertaken "and sustained with honor" mutual obligations with more than 40 allies. "It is not in our interest to try to dominate the European coun cils of decision," he said. "If that were our objective, we would prefer to see Europe divided and weak, enabling the United States to deal with each fragment individually. "Instead we look forward to a Europe united and strong—speaking with a common voice—acting with a common will—a world power capable of meeting world problems as a full and equal partner." The United States, he continued, looks forward "to a united Europe in an Atlantic partnership—an entity of interdependent parts, sharing equally both burdens and decisions." "No Fantasy" He said "this is no fantasy" but rather a realistic goal to be achieved by concrete steps to solve common military, economic and political problems. In the three areas, he made these major points: —Military: European misgivings about America's nuclear position must be dealt with "not by turning the clock backward to separate national deterrents but by developing a more closely unified Atlantic deterrent, with genuine European participation." Here, again, he took issue with De Gaulle, who wants France to develop an independent nuclear deterrent and spurns Kennedy's drive for a NATO nuclear force. —Economic: The West must help the underdeveloped countries, expand trade by lowering tariff barriers, and avoid monetary difficulties by working together. —Political: He called for unity evidenced by deeds, a joint try at "leashing the tensions of the cold war and reducing the dangers of the arms race," and a determined search for enduring peace. Kennedy argued that "a generation of achievement" mirrored in the Marshall Plan, NATO, the Schuman Plan and the Common Market "urges us up the path to greater unity." Concedes Reverses ficultics, delays, doubts, discouragement and differences. "The Atlantic community will not soon become a single overarching super-state," he said. "But practical steps toward stronger common purpose arc well within our grasp/' As one such step he emphasized the American proposal for the creation of a multiple nation fleet of surface ships armed with nuclear-tipped Polaris missiles. "Such a force," he said, "would bring strength instead of weakness, cohesion instead of division. It would belong to all members, not one, with all participating on a basis of full equality. And as Europe moves towards unity, its role and responsibility, here as elsewhere, would and must increase accordingly." Turning to economic matters, Kennedy said impending negotiations aimed at tariff reduction represent "a test of our unity." "Let no one think that the United States—with only a fraction of its economy dependent on trade and only a small part of that with Western Europe — is seeking trade expansion in order to dump our goods on this continent," he said. "Trade expansion will help us all." Suspects and Bogus Money DURHAM, N.C. (UPI)-Secret Service agents early today arrested a fourth man on a charge ot belonging to an alleged counterfeiting ring which produced mora than $1 million in bogus $20 bills. The man, Haywood Forbush, 43, a South Boston, Va., restau* rant operator, was brought hera for a hearing today. Agents first announced the break in the ambitious counterfeiting ring Monday night with the arrest of Roy Leo Matthews, a 33-year-old Durham used car salesman, and two other men. Federal agent George Dipper said a week-long investigation was climaxed when Matthews sold an unidentified undercover agent $30,000 in bogus money In a hotel room here. Dipper said an additional $70,000 in counterfeit money was found in Matthews' car and that the alleged counterfeiter took agents to his home and produced three boxes containing $900,000 in bogus money from underneath his bed. Agents then arrested Robert S. Ferguson, owner of Ferguson Printing Co., and his assistant, R. B. Poole, also of Durham. Police said Forbush had $34,000 in counterfeit $20 bills on him when arrested in South Boston. Boy Plunges ToDeathOff Starved Rock OTTAWA, HI. (UPI)-An 11-year- old Homewood boy plunged nearly 90 feet from Starved Rock into the Illinois River and drowned Monday night. The Ottawa and Peru rescue squads were still searching today for the body of John Kruse, son of Mr. and Mrs. Roy Lee Kruse. Authorities said the boy, one of 12 children of the Kruse family, had gone to Starved Rock State Park Monday afternoon with his parents, sister and brother-in-law Jerry Gardner, 20, Homewood, for a family outing. Gardner and the Kruse boy had climbed to the top of Starved Rock. Witnesses saw the boy climb over a dead tree on the 125-foot summit and crawl into a crevice in the rock, where he began descending. When he reached a point between 80 and 90 feet above the river surface he slipped and fell. Gardner said he heard the boy fall but did not see him. Other witnesses saw the plunge. They said the boy was floundering in the water as the current sucked him into mid-stream, where he disappeared. Terry Martin, park custodian, said it was the first such accident in the memory of park employes. Rescue crews searched unsuccessfully throughout the hours of darkness for the body, illuminating the river with flood lights brought to the scene by Ottawa civil defense workers. RETURN—Two of the four Americans to recently scale Mt. Everest have returned to the United States and their homes. At the left Barry Bishop, 31, of Washington, D. C, waved and smiled after he was removed from a plane at Dulles International Airport. Both feet were frostbitten. At the right James Whittaker was accompanied by his wife, Blanche, and two sons, Scott, 6, and Carl, 8, as bis hometown of Seattle, Wash, gave him a key to the city and a huge parade, UNTFAX Ship Hits Whale NEW YORK (UPI) - The luxury liner Bremen en route from New York to Cherbourg collided with a 75-foot whale Monday. North German Lloyd Line officials said the liner's skipper, Capt. Guenther Roessing, reported there was no evidence the hull was damaged. The captain did not mention the fate of the whale, * Man Pleads Guilty, Escapes From Old Jail PINCKNEYVILLE, 111. (AP) — Ronald VV. Metzger, 20, who has pleaded guilty to the murder of a Du Quoin service station attendant, slipped out of Perry County jail today. He had been scheduled to be in circuit court tins afternoon for a continuation ui a pre-sentence hearing. Metzger, of Belleville and a former Southern Illinois University student, cut through two sets of bars in the century-old jail, of' ficials said. He was found missing 45 minutes after a cell check. He was indicted iu the Feb, 25 shooting of Leo Johnson ol Coello during a service Ration holdup.
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