The Miami Herald from Miami, Florida on October 13, 1963 · 27
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The Miami Herald from Miami, Florida · 27

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Location:
Miami, Florida
Issue Date:
Sunday, October 13, 1963
Page:
27
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Can Florida Homes Stand Up To Vicious ’ Cane Like Flora ? By NIXON SMILEY Hirald Stiff wrltir Once again a hurricane has caused appalling destruction death and suffering because of flimsy housing construction Photographs of Hurricane Flora’s wreckage fail to show a single instance where a roof was tied to walls or where walls were tied to a foundation These buildings were at the mercy of the wind They simply went to pieces But the failure to use elementary precautions in house construction as a means of preventing storm damage was by no means restricted to the areas hit by Flora Photographs of the vast damage done by Hurricane Hattie which hit Belize British Honduras in 1961 show the same lack of sound construction And there Is a tragic parallel between the destruction suffered in the Florida Keys from Hurricane Donna in 1960 and the damage done at May- aguana Bahamas by the same storm MANY CONCRETE structures in the Florida Keys went to pieces during Donna just as did the shacks at Mayaguana A survey by architects and engineers following Hurricane Donna revealed why Those concrete block houses had been inadequately built In many instances roofs had not been tied down It was a tragic example of what happens where there is no building code or where a building code is not enforced Hurricane Donna forced the Florida Keys to adopt a strong building code Today most counties and communities in the lower half of Florida require builders to follow a minimum code for safety in storms BUT WHAT about the many Florida homes that were built before the adoption of a building code? Photographs of older houses in Palm Beach County that were blasted apart by a hurricane that hit in 1949 reveal that builders had made no attempt to tie down houses or roofs In fact The Herald’s files f hundreds of photographs of hurricane-blasted houses do not contain a single picture of a properly constructed house that was destroyed by hurricane winds Moreover numerous photographs of homes wrecked by hurricanes in Cameron La in 1957 and in Texas in 1961 show the same lack of safety factors that are missing in photographs of storm-blasted houses in the Caribbean and in Florida THE COST of metal strapping and bolts to tie down roofs and walls is small according to Christopher G Tyson supervisor of Dade County’s construction control division “It costs very little more to build a house that will resist hurricane winds than it does to build a house that w’on’t" he said A Architect Russell T Tan-coast said a house built of wood could be made just as storm resistant as a house built of masonry “It’s the bracing and the tying down that is important” Pancoast said But he added most of the little houses that he had seen throughout the Caribbean were of very flimsy construc- — Herald Photo by GENE MILLER This Haitian Church Lost Its Roof to Fierce Hurricane St Anthony Catholic Church in Petite Riviera de ippes tion No effort is eer made to anchor them or even to tie down the roofs TYSON feels that one of the great needs in the Caribbean is places of refuge where people might stay during hurricanes ‘There is a great need for safe public buildings” Tyson said “Unfortunately so many of the large buildings in these’ islands are no safer in a hurricane than are the shacks ” So far as could be learned no place in the extensive hurricane belt xxithin the Bahamas Caribbean and Central America has a building code except for Puerto Rico That island's building code is much the same as Dade County’s said Pancoast whose firm has done work there Architect Roy Spence said the firm with which he is associated Robert Fitch Smith has followed the Dade building code when designing hotels apartments and homes for the Bahamas tion is used boards of various sizes are used And buildings may be held together by salvaged nails Where masonry is used concrete and plaster usually are made locally by crude methods Steel is unheard of except in expensive modem buildings and these are scarce in the poorer islands and coastal towns of Central America and Mexico THUS PEOPLE are forced to build shelters for themselves that they know will last only until the next hurricane arrives Suppose Flora had hit Dade County and had hovered over this area for four days as it did over Cuba How much damage would have been done? Both Engineer Tyson and Architect Pancoast say a great deal of damage would have been done "Even the best-built houses are subject to weakening in time” Pancoast said “When xou have hurricane winds that last for dajs something's got to giv e” Tyson said the Dade building code provided for protection against winds up to 120 miles an hour but with a safety factor “That means that a house might withstand winds of 150 miles an hour or more for a time” Tyson explained DADE’S BUILDING code has not been tested either by one cf the major intense hurricanes like the Labor Day hurricane of 1935 that hit the Matecumbe Kevs or by a hurricane that stood over the area as Flora did over Cuba But there is no record of a home built according to Dade's code that blew down on its occupants and killed them This is why the Dade building coda has gained such a wide reputation It has been credited with saving thousands of lives since its adoption following the 1926 hurricane which left the Miami area in shambles THE BAHAMAS have no building code but do have zoning restrictions Building plans must be approved by a board but the architect and builder must take responsibility for any safety factors that are included There are no building inspections Frank E Watson said that in all of the Caribbean and Central American places where his firm had designed buildings the governments relied on the contractors and engineers to include safety measures in construction Most of the people living in the hurricane belt outside of the US or its possessions are so poor they can afford to build only the cheapest kinds of shacks Building materials are scarce Timber once plentiful in the Bahamas and the Caribbean was cut long ago Today where wood construe- US and Russia Doing Peace Work UNITED NATIONS NY — 'reported the eight nonaligned (API — The Soviet Union andcountries on the 17-nation Gen-the United States Saturday eva Committe are drafting two were reported working together other resolutions one favoring on two disarmament ' resolu-' general and complete disarma-tions for the UN assembly indent and the other favoring a further steps to relax tension! ban on underground nuclear Authoritative sources said tests one resolution was intended for The resolutions all will be other countries to introduce taken up first in the General and would appeal to nations! Assembly’s 11-member main able to rut satellites into orbit'political committee which will in outer space not to station start disarmament debate Tues-nuclear weapons aboard them day They said the other was intended for the two big powers to introduce themselves and would encourage further negotiations on general and complete disarmament in the Geneva Disarmament Committee now in recess for assembly debate on that subject Meanwhile the The one for an underground te-t ban is expected to be submitted first The UN ambassadors of Britain the Soviet Union and the United States — Sir Patrick Dean Nikolai T Fedorenko and Adlai E Stevenson — will register that treaty formally with the United Nations informants 'some time next week mm HEAR WITH NOTHING IK EITHER EAR fop USTHlflUa Miracle Kitchen Knife Cuts Frozen Foods Fidel Ups Flora Toll To 500 Still Mounting Fatality Count By United Presi International The Fidel Castro government which refused American Red Cross aid as “hypocritical Saturday said Hurricane Flora killed more than 500 persons in one area of Cuba alone A government broadcast from Bayamo monitored here also said that 50000 bags of sugar were destroyed by Flora in three mills In Oriente Prov ince and added that the death toll “will probably go higher1 The broadcast said that death reports are building up as communications are re-established with the hurricane-torn eastern half of the island It said 319 bodies were found in an area near the Sierra M a e s t r a mountains Friday and 206 more were found Saturday "Hundreds of persons are atop the roofs of houses surrounded by floodwaters in the area” the broadcast said It said 10 helicopters were on the way to the area to give emergency aid “The region looks completely devastated and it is presumed that the destruction there Is terrible” the broadcast said The radio report was sent to Capt Jorge Risquet Castro’s military aide in Oriente Hurricane Flora which killed 4000 in an erratio trip across the Caribbean pounded Cuba for four days without letup Most of Flora victims however were on the island of Haiti Previous Cuban broadcasts which carefully shunned using big figures in death toll reports had put the number of missing and drowned at 50 The Cuban Red Cross acting on orders from Premier Castro has refused emergency help offered by the American Red Cross saying it was a hypoert tical gesture “by a country that is trying to destroy us with economic blockades and other measures ” Sunday Oct 13 1903 THE MIAMI HERALD 27-A Waters Tree-Top High 5 Cane Losses Appalling By DANIEL MARKER Associated Prasa Staff Writer BAYAMO Cuba — “The world is over for us” said a weeping Cuban peasant his family home and crop destroyed by the fury of hurricane Flora I just flew over the Cauto River Valley one of the areas hit hardest by the storm The scenes of devestation were catastrophic and it seemed likely there were hundreds dead in this area alone The dead bodies of cattle floated on the floodwaters still tree-top high five days after the hurricane When we landed on higher ground we met dozens of refugees pathetically mourning their losses Each family had at least one dead Prime- Minister Castro's brother Raul is here in Bayamo directing rescue operations He has hundreds of doctors nurses and techni- riBmtBiiiiiiiiiiimriaiiiiiaiiiiMiiiiiiii ifflL'iMiMiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiBiiimiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiinMniamimiii First Eyewitness Report From Cuba This dispatch by Associated Press Correspondent Daniel Ilarker is the first eyewitness account of the extent of the devastation caused in Cuba by Hurricane Flora icwrnm'rr"'i!iir' it! cians with him Survivors keep pouring into the town by the hundreds — many of them in helicopters They are dazed and hungry Most of them have spent at least five days floating on their rooftops Hearing ISov 5 Growers Will Air Pay Rate Protests Force Launched With One Arrest The Miami Police Department’s mobile task force for high crime areas made its first arrest — with the help of three bystanders who tackled the suspect in an alley George A Victoria a 43-year-old Negro of 6201 NW 17th Ave was charged with robbing Kenneth’s Grocery 6410 NW 15th Ave of $83 Owner Kenneth Taylor alerted three friends — James Brown Ronald Johnson and Fumie Johnson — who chased Victoria and a lookout They tackled Victoria two blocks away as Officer Andrew Fine prowling the high-crime area drove up The lookout got away Police said Victoria had $83 and a gun with him w hen captured A US Labor Department public hearing will be conducted in Miami Nov 5 for growers’ protests to a proposed 95-cent minimum wage for migrant laborers Currently the workers make about 70 cents an hour for pre-harvest work and about the same on harvesting that is paid by the hour Bryan Page farm labor supervisor for the Florida State Employment Service here said most harvesting is done on a piece-work basis with most earnings already at or above 95 cents an hour The growers object to wage regulations on grounds that the Labor Department is attempting to substitute a departmental regulation in an area where legislation has been rejected Congress has consistently declined to pass minimum wage laws for farm labor Page said The Labor Department set 95 cents as a minimum wage last November but withdrew the ruling in the face of protests by the growers Labor Secretary Department set 95 cents as a minimum wage last November but withdrew the ruling in the face of protests by the growers Labor Secretary W Willard Wirtz said wages lower than 95 cents for the migrants have an adverse effect on wages and conditions of American workers But lhese were the lucky ones One Cuban pilot told of seeing “more than 50” bodies in the small town of Cauto Embarcadero Saturday afternoon A young mother Angelina de Perez told how she lost four children: “We did not beiiexe this was going to be so bad and decided not to leaxe home Suddenly we woke up Saturday and realized we were surrounded by water Finally we got up on the roof and then it was as though a big hammer of water and wind struck us We never knew just what happened” All the banana sugar rice and other plantations have been leveled or are under 10 feet of water Every effort is being made to prevent epidemics Roads and bridges have gone or are on the verge of crumbling The Cauto Cristo bridge usually 50 feet above the stream is under water 00000XX0X $ i n r? v Heliport Slated For Hospital Mount Siani Hospital will open an emergency restricted heliport for air rescue service Friday Constructed with the cooperation of the Office of Civil Defense the heliport will be used by the Coast Guard in air-sea rescue service and other emergency cases I Member Mtomf Chomber of Commerce FUR REMODELING Make Two Stoles From Your Coat! NOW ONLY Moki your old fur coat no matter what typo lur into now stole capo clutch capo or bolero jocket Send for Fre Stylo Foldor THIS INCLUDES: New Lining New Interlining Monograms Cleaning— dialing 3 Year Guarantee on All Restyling WE SPECIALIZE IN FUR HATS COLLARS AND TRIMMINGS FASHION FURRIERS OUR ONLY STORE 9 162 W Flagler St OUR ONLY STORE 1 YEARS ON FLAGLER ST MRJACOSS FR 7-1863 OPEN DAILY 9 TO 5 MON & FRI 'TIL 9 PM Everybody wants the all-purpose American made double edge (one a deep saw edge) vegetables pineapple cocoanut — everything Ideal Christmas gift Get several Special price Read Classified Ads Today stainless steel knife 12 in long M back arantee Sold that zps through frozen food L'eMir Products packages wrapper and all cuts 1 1 'frozen meats frozen baked j SHOP IN PERSON at Le- Mir Products 137S0 NW 27th FOR THE BEST BUYS IN USED CLOTHING ETC REMOVAL SALE! NEW HOLLYWOOD BEOS $2900 up Ladies’ Drew 50c up Ladies’ Toppin $100 up Good Books lOe up Mon's Shoos 75c up New Linoleum S495 Men's Suits $300 up Walking Shorts — 39c Venetian Blinds — 50c Men's Work Pants Laundry Finished 65c up Laundry Finished Work Shirts 35c Blouses 15c up Dress Shirts 35c up Men's Dress Pants 75c up Suitcases 75c up Ave Opa-Locka Fla goods etc No more wasteful’ WR MAn 0RDERS f1? drawing Cut off what you need 2 (cash check or money order) - put the rest back in die freez-jt0 2A ef 1 13780 NW 27th Ave Opa- iLocka Fla Your frozen food Also disjoints chickens scales knife will be mailed anywhere fish cuts fresh bread cheese 'postage paid No COD’s DEALERS WELCOME 7331 NW 27Hi AYE THRIFT SHOP 494-2101 OTEN SUNDAYS ZZXXESTOP BEING A "RUPTURE CRIPPLE" NEW! EE-Z TRUSS CUSTOM MADE — INSURES EXACT FIT EE-Z ON — EE-Z WEAR — EE-Z PRICE OPENS IN FRONT — NO RACK PRESSURE NO LEO STRAP — JUST SNAP-ON! 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Hammond ORGAN Beginners meet one evening a week at 7:30 Open to Ages 7 to 77 IN OUR ADULT CLASSES ENTIRE COURSE ONLY 150 INCLUDES YOUR FAMILY FREE WE GUARANTEE: You'll team to play the Hammond Organ — Both keyboards and pedals even if you can't read a note ef music now You'll have a ball Bring your family friend or neighbor No charge for additional members ef your group Free practice Hammond Organs in eur studio Organs available for home use small extra charge Classes limited — register now PHONE — CALL — WRITE HAMMOND ORGAN STUDIOS OF NORTH MIAMI BEACH MH 10-13 1934 NE 143rd ST PHONE 945-7531 PLEASE SEND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION NAME PHONE I ADDRESS — — — — 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ARTIFICIAL TREES ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS PLASTIC PLANTS J'bwsiMviUa! SUNDAY 10-4 The Most Beautiful Store Of Its Kind In The World EVERYONE RECEIVES A 25 DISCOUNT AT FLOWERSVILLE! ""V g2J25 u DESIGNER’S SPECIAL FOR THE WEEK SPLIT LEAF MONSTERA PLANTER (AS PICTURED) 3 4 5 6 Foot Foot Foot Foot Tall Tall Tall Tall 75 5 1575 1975 2775 250 TREES AND PLANTERS ON DISPLAY 47 VARIETIES TREES SHIPPED EVERYWHERE FLOWERSVILLE! G60 NE 125th ST O OPEN SUN I FRI NITE $ $ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 I SEE PHONE IOOK YELLOW PAGE 044 1

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