Greensburg Daily News from Greensburg, Indiana on December 7, 1965 · Page 2
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Greensburg Daily News from Greensburg, Indiana · Page 2

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Greensburg, Indiana
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Tuesday, December 7, 1965
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Page 2
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Grccnsburg (Ind.) Daily News, Tuesday, Dec. 7,196! PAGE 23 Analyzes Council Achievements— Feels Groundwork Laid for Changes As Far-Reaching As Any Sought by Luther EDITORS NOTE: The Vati- Council was the most signifi-, ^Conduct its worship serv- can Ecumenical Council, which began on Oct. 11. 1962. will come to a close Wednesday, Dec. 8. In the following dispatch, UPI Religion Editor Louis Cassels analyzes the achievements of this historic meeting arid its impact on the world of religion. By LOUIS CASSELS UPI Religion Editor The Vatican Ecumenical cant religious event of this century. It laid the groundwork for changes in the Roman Catholic Church as far-reaching, as any sought by Martin Luther at the time of the Protestant Reformation. I As a result of this historic four year summit conference of bishops from every nation, the world's laraest religious body will: ffi^ I** i It's Christmas Time Again GIVE HIM OR HER A GIFT FOR THE CAR • COMPASSES 'LITTER BAGS • CARPET SAVERS • OUTSIDE MIRROR • REAR SEAT RADIO SPEAKER • SEAT BELTS AND RETRACTORS • HAZARD WARNING FLASHERS • ENGINE BLOCK HEATERS • TRUNK LIGHTS • DOOR EDGE GUARDS MANY OTHER USEFUL ITEMS McCoy & Douglas, Inc. YOUR BUICK, OLDS AND PONTIAC DEALER 228 E. Main Phone 663-6621 ices in new ways. — Decentralize its form of government. — Radically revise its attitude toward other religions. —Give greater prominence to the Bible as a sourceboo'k of doctrine. —Accord new dignity and importance to the laity. > —Overhaul its seminaries to insure better selection and preparation of priests. — Put dress. nuns into modern Vast Scope That's not all the Council did, but it's enough to indicate the breathtaking scope of its achievements. / Not all the changes it wrought will be visible immediately to the church's 590 million members. It will take many years, in some cases, to implement the broad charters of reform which were laid down by the Council fathers. "But the die has now been cast, and the life of the Catholic church for centuries to come will be shaped by the decisions made in St. Peter's Basilica since the late Pope John XXIII called the Council to order on Oct. 11, 1962. Some Catholic traditionalists, who preferred the old ways, are appalled by the whole business. Their viewpoint was vigorously represented in the Council by a small but determined minority of conservative bishops who made up in parliamentary skill what they lacked in voting power. Temporary Disillusionment Their maneuvers succeeded on many occasions in postponing action on important documents. This led to premature gloom-mongering by disappointed liberals and, particularly at the close of the 1964 session, gave rise to a widespread public impression that the Council was foundering on the rocks of conservative intransigence. Nothing could be further from the truth. The key fact about the Council, from the day the whole service more meaningful to the laity. Shifts in Power Next, the Council turned its attention to the task of re-defining the power structure °f the church, and correcting the one-sided emphasis on papal supremacy which resulted from the uncompleted work of the Vatican Council of 1870. The corrective which which -it •*•"«- V.W11 C (_.(,! VC WHICH WlliUil it opened until the day n th e Council adopted was the closed, was the overwhelming size of the majority committed to Pope John's program of renewal and reform. On the crucial votes, the majority for "aggiornamento" (an Italian, word meaning "updating") was usually in the neighborhood of 80 to 90 per cent. So this revolution in what was for centuries a staid and change-resistant institution cannot be regarded as a coup engineered by a few hot-eyed reformers. It represents the considered judgment and enthusiastic wiH of most of the 2.300 bishops who patiently endured endless weeks of Latin debate in order to cope with a cruelly long agenda. The first fruit of their labor was a sweeping reform in Catholic liturgical practices. The Council fathers decreed that public worship was henceforth to be conducted in the language of the people instead of Latin so members of the congregation could be active participants rather than silent spectators. Provision was made for revising the order of the mass, purifying it of medieval accretions and redundancies, and placing more emphasis on sermons, scripture reading and hymn singing, in order to make "Doctrine of Collegiality" which asserts that all bishcps, by God-given right rather than by papal sufferance, share with the Pope in the responsibility for governing the whole church. The Council's document was at pains to reaffirm the Pope's supremacy and to make clear that the authority of the bishcps was to be exercised only in conjunction with and never apart from the Pope. But the door was opened to future decentralization of power. A related decree provided for creation of a new "synod of Bishops" or episcopal senate, which will include representatives Of all national hierarchies and will be rather like a little ecumenical council. This body will meet in Rome at the call of the Pope to advise and consult with him on major policy decisions. The Pope has already announced that the first session will be held in 1967-. Curia Reform The Council also called for reform and internationalization of the Roman Curia (which Pope Paul has promised to undertake at once), and empowered national episcopal conferences, such as the National Catholic Welfare Conference in the United States, to deal with many questions hitherto referred to Rome. These actions, when fully implemented, will mean greater local autonomy, and will give non-Italian Catholics a bigger voice in the church's affairs than they've had in the past. A radical revision of Catholic relations with other religions was decreed in three different documents of major importance. The first commits Catholics to establish warm new ties of cooperation, friendship and dialogue with their "separated brethren" of other Christian churches. The second recognizes the spiritual values inherent in non- Christian religions, and particularly the "common patrimony" 'which Christians share with Jews. It also repudiates any nation that Jews are under a divisine curse because of the crucifixion of Jesus, and decries all forms of anti- Semitism. Religious Liberty Affirmed The 'third document, in many ways the most revolutionary action taken by the .Council, puts the Catholic Church on record for the first time as believing- that religious liberty is a God-ordained human right which is not to be contravened by any government or institution. Protestant observers, who attended all sessions of the Council, were delighted with the religious liberty declaration. They also were pleased with a Council document which accords to the Bible as much reference and authority as Luther ever did. This document urges Bible reading by Catholics; encourages Catholic scholars to employ modern methods of biblical study, including form criticism; and affirms the reliability of the biblical record in terms which leave the door open for the acknowledgment that human authors may have erred in some non-essential details, and that they sometimes used literary forms such as poetry, parable and myth, which were never meant to be read as literal history. need money Gifts... parties... extra groceries ... they all add up. And if Holiday Expenses catch you short of cash ... let us help. We , ff lend millions of dollars to thousands of people fo^hun- dreds of different reasons... and keeping the holidays "happy" is reason enough. $25 to 10OO CAPITAL FINANCE CORPORATION Life Insurance Available On All Loans LEON S. McCAMMON, Manager West Side Square Phone 663-3091, Greensburg »' 't get kome. \or He there by long distance telephone. It's the next Lest thing to being there. Public Telephone Corp. WONDERFUL THE The Moving Story of Sir Winston Churchill's 90 Momentous Years from His Birth in the Reign of Queen Victoria, Through Two World Wars, to His Death and Funeral. PER 144 PAGES WITH PICTURES PREFACE BY DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER If inconvenient- to pickup your copy at the Daily News office, use the order blank below. Enclose cash, check or money order. Add 25c per copy to cover cost of mailing. r DATE. GREENSBURG DAILY NEWS GREENSBURG, INDIANA GENTLEMEN: Enclosed find $ for which please mail copies of "Churchill, the Life Triumphant' to the following: NAME l_ ADDRESS EENSBURG DAILY HURC TRIUMPHANT .._ #

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