The Miami Herald from Miami, Florida on January 5, 1959 · 1
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The Miami Herald from Miami, Florida · 1

Miami, Florida
Issue Date:
Monday, January 5, 1959
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Red Rocket Starts Orbit Around the Sun 343750 Miles J In Space Will Become A Tiny Planet Br Herald Wira Seralces MOSCOW — Russia's “COS' mic rocket” Sunday began bending into an egg-shaped orbit around the sun to join the solar system as a tiny planet the Soviets announced Sunday The Russians predicted the rocket was just the start of the conquest of outer space and visualized the time when Russians would send television pictures back from the moon and would visit Mars and Venus The S245-p o u n d rocket skirted the moon its original goal by 4600 miles — roughly the distance from Miami to London — and streaked on toward the sun at more than 25000 miles per hour The rocket had slowed to a speed of 5592 miles per hour as it encountered the moon's gravitational pull but picked up speed again as it started leaving the moon’s field of gravity behind it Late Sunday it had raced 343750 miles into space since its launching last Friday “The rocket continues to move away from the moon and the earth” the statement said It is “gradually assuming an elliptical orbit around the sun” Tass official news agency said the Instruments and transmitters continued to function normally reporting back data to observation stations In the Soviet Union But these radio contacts gradually will worsen because of the growing distance and the exhaustion of the cosmic missile’s batteries Tass said and “in the course of the next few days will cease entirely1 Russian scientists echoed Premier Nikita S Khrushchev in hailing the feat of Soviet rocketry Soviet Academician Anatoly Blagonravov writing in the Communist Youth newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda predicted that one of his readers “before long will walk on the edge of the moon’s craters and will unravel the mysteries of the canals— on Mars and see the unveiling of clouds on the mainland of Venus” Sir Monday January 5 1959 4 ta mi No 3 1 Florida’s Most Complete Setts pa per 49th Year 72 Pages 5 Cents A Latin American Edition la rnbilahed Da ilr Partly Sunniky Mostly cloudy with some rain turn ing somewhat colder late Monday MIAMI TEMPERATURES SUADAE 7am 69 1 p m 71 7 P m 66 Sam 70 2 pm 71 8 p m 66 Sam 71 3 p m 68 9 pm 67 10 a m 70 4 p m 68 10 p m 66 11 a m 69 5 P m 68 11 p m 65 Noon 72 6 p m 66 Midnight 64 H'gh 75 low 68- rainfall 01 C Blagonravov paid the US a backhanded compliment and said Russians should not "minimize or belittle” American space ad-v ances However he said “in my opinion the very approach in the U S to the solution of the problem of interplanetary flight is erroneous ” A U S moon rocket reached an altitude of 71000 miles before falling A Moscow radio science commentator said the conditions for the Russian rocket launching were “far from favorable” because of the positions of the moon earth and sun and the forces of attraction among them Another said TV pictures might be flashed back from the moon by the first space ship to get there Signals showed the temperature on the surface of the rocket to be between 50 and £9 degrees fahrenhelt it said It added that these mild temperatures insure "normal functioning of the instruments” packed inside the rocket The Turn to rage 2A Col 6 Victor Leading Armored Column to Havana Castro Calls Off ure of Hold on rssr®r f y jit A - — t iifr n Wmrfi ffii v Y 4 —Associated Press Wirephoto Down on the Farm Near Dallas-Brrr! leaky uater tower formed weird ice pattern Bitter Cold Wave Hits Eastern US By Berild Wirt Serried CHICAGO — A gigantic bitter cold wave turned the eastern two-thirds of the nation into an icebox Sunday Record cold sent the temperature crashing to as low as 22 degrees below zero in the snow-glazed upper portions of the Texas panhandle early Sunday The US Weather Bureau said that as far as is known It was the coldest morning the region has ever experienced Dalhart with a low of 21 ‘2nd Front’ Throws In With Castro Struggle-f or-Potv er Fears Dismissed By GEORGE SOUTHWORTH Herald Latin America Editor HAVANA Cuba — Any fear I of two revolutionary groups squabbling for government control was erased Sunday when leaders of the Second National Front of Escambray pledged support of the new provisional I gov eminent The Second Front’s top man I Eloy Gutierrez Menoyo said his 5 000-man army — separate from the guerrilla army of Fidel Castro — w ould not seek any positions in President Man- uel Urrutia’s cabinet “We will back him to the hilt” Menoyo pledged There had been some fear that the victorious armies of the 26th of July Movement headed by Castro and the Second National Front might clash in a struggle for power The Herald interviewed atop rebel leader on a secret mission to Miami three weeks ago and interviewed him again Sunday He is Dr Armando Fleites — the No 2 man in the Second V J Y d -xT Upstate Chill Will Spare Gold Coast North Florida will freeze while the Gold Coast gets mid' 60 temperatures today the weatherman said “There's almost no chance that it will get cold here this time” Weatherman Phil Ackerman said Sunday night But farmers were putting out smudge pots Sunday night in north Florida as far south as Ocala A dip into the 20s was expected in the Pensacola area Temperatures of 25-35 were predicted for the Gainesville area The cold wave is moving east which is why the Gold Coast will be spared Ackerman said In Miami: Cloudy in the high 60s with showers Ackerman said It might get into the mid-50s by Tuesday he added degrees below zero was two Front army degrees colder than the pre- j went to Miami because we yious known record of minus Lpre in great need o anns 19 on Feb 1 1951 and ammunition” he said “I a d iX —Associated Press Wirephoto Citrus and vegetables crops was successful in my mission n the lower Rio Grande val- and tbe guns and ammunition ley of Texas were expected to were used in the final battle’ be spared although weather- Fleites won’t admit it but he men identified the frigid air probably visited former Presi-as the coldest air mass in the dent £aros pno Socarras in Mi-yalley since the big freeze of amL Most of the men in the 19ol which wiped out citrus second Front army are Pno’s crops Oklahoma had one of its coldest days in many years as the mercury dropped to below zero at several cities Guymon in the Panhandle reported 19 below and Gage in the northwest had 15 below It was minus six at Ponca City and minus four at Enid Oklahoma City’s three below reading was one of the lowest in its history Gun Moll-Cuban Rebel St) 1 e-Stands Guard in Havana such pretty WACs in Castro's army ( See picture on Page IOC) The arctic air mushroomed from the plains over the Ohio Valley and into New England Cold wave warnings were issued for parts of Ohio Kentucky and Tennessee eastward Into New York Pennsylvania West Virginia and southward into Louisiana Mississippi and Alabama In Ohio the mercury dropped quickly from 35 to 21 degrees as the cold front moved across the state All roads including the Ohio Turnpike were snow-covered and slippery 0— fimun uums PLUTO MAPS — SATURN VENUS VO' rtp MERCURY ryl t y jry EARTH E3 JUPITER ‘We received all of our arms from Miami” he said “and most of them got through — at least 80 per cent” Fleites told how he got to Miami and back He said he took a jeep down out of the hills and crossed half of Las Villas Province through the lines of Batista’s army “At the coast my sergeant and I took a small boat out and were picked up by a Cuban fishing craft which carried us to a small key at the southern tip of Florida “There we were picked up by a sports fishing boat from Miami and taken to a small town Turn to Page 2A Col 7 ‘Somebody’s In Trouble’ SAN FRANCISCO — (48 — Two Coast Guard planes flew search patterns over the Pacific near San Luis Obispo Sunday in response to a weak and vague radio distress signal “What we’re looking for we don’t know” said a Coast Guard spokesman “But we have to operate on the theory that somebody's in trouble” Federal Communications Commission monitors heard the Ne tv York Publisher Dies at 53 SAN FRANCISCO — (58 — Seymour Berkson publisher of The New York Journal American died Sunday of a heart attack in his Mark Hopkins Hotel suite He was 53 He was stricken while talking by telephone with his New York assistant and discussing plans to return to New York later this week He was a former general manager of Interna tional News? Service now merged with United Press Mr Berkson International He had suffered a heart seizure here six weeks ago while attending a meeting of Hearst organization executives Renewal of Fighting Feared Anxiety Slill Hangs Over City of Havana By STEPHEN TRUMBULL Herald Staff Writer HAVANA Cuba— With guns silent at last and the harsh general strike called off there was still an uneasy fear in revolt-battered Havana Sunday that the flames of v lolence may not be completely out There have been many official promises of cooperation between the powerful Second Front organization and other revolutionary forces and Fidel venturous on Americans stayed The general strike which paralyzed Havana was relaxed Sunday at the food stores This helped the citizens who still had a couple of ppsos under the mattress but the long lines at the stores were watched enviously by many others who won’t he working again for a day or so There were no reports of Groceries Opened Up I11 Capital Residents Allowed I To Leave Homes By Herald Wirt Service HAVANA Cuba — Rebel Leader Fidel Castro Sunday night called off the general strike that has paralyzed Cuba as he marched victoriously toward the capital at the head of a 1500-man armored column A broadcast by the Havana radio said Castro speaking from Camaguey had urged all workers to go back to their jobs All stores and business establishments closed since New Year’s Day when the rebels overthrew Fulgencio Batista’s dictatorship were told to open again The end of the strike indicated the rebels feel they have a firm grip on Havana and are in no serious danger of a counter-attack by Batista forces Castro urged industries transport and communications as well as stores to resume regular work schedules The end of the strike is expected to be a major move toward restoring Cuba’s normally flourishing trade and commerce It was cheered especially in hungry Havana where residents and American tourists have been short on food for four days Earlier in the day rebel officials in Havana permitted grocery stores to open for two hours to ease the hunger pangs of the city’s 1250000 citizens Marching into Camaguey Castro reached the one-third mark of his 600-mile trip to Havana and the immense victory celebration awaiting him But a broadcast later said Castro would remain in Camaguey Sunday night and continue his triumphal procession by stages stopping in Santa Clara today and m Mantanzas capital of the province next to Havana Tuesday As tens of thousands in Camaguey cheered Castro he was quoted as saying: “Our triumph is sure and there is no danger of losing what we have” The rebel command here also Castro There was talk of possible dissension which eould — later if not now — fan the djing embers of revolution There are factions within He was hospitalized then but factions and letting blood for the cause of the revolution then returning to such mun- Castro’s 26th of July m 0 v e- j black market prices The fact permitted unarmed civilians to ment but tension was evident may be astounding to North igQ on the streets for the irst even as crowds prepared a 'Americans with a memory of j time Slr)ce the torpling of Ba monster victory celebration fori Vlorld War II bIackmaiets' 1 tista’s regime But civilians released covered Berkson’s wife the former Eleanor Lambert was with him when he died Berkson started his journalism career as a district re- dane jobs as grocers and innkeeping is hardly in keeping with the Latin temperament Many rebel troops have moved into the otherwise empty tourist hotels It is all on porter for the Chicago Herald j tbe cu’ or as sa bere and American while a student 1 ' compliments of the manage- distress 'call twice during the at the University of Chicago ment” night The distress call gave no position indication The FCC monitors making the best possible directional fix on the weak signal estimated 1 the call came from a transmit- j ter about 40 miles south to the west of Pismo Beach Calif Pismo Beach is about 200 miles south of San Francisco On graduation he joined the Chicago paper’s staff At the swank Havana Hilton and Nacional hotels a few ad- Where To Find It Solid Line Shows How ‘Lunik’ Will Orbit Sun first arrow shows approximate location of satellite at latest report Amuse 7-9D Knic'r’b'r 10B Bell 1C Kofoed 23C Class 10-21 C Movies 8D Comics 2223C Penn’kamp 6A Crossword 22 C Qu’iv Quiz I0D Deaths 10C Roosevelt 3C Drummond 6A Sports 1-6D Dunaway 5D Stranger 12A Editorial 6A Thompson 22C Goren 7A TV-Radio 10D Harris 6A Van Delian 9B Horoscope 22C VVinchell 9D Jumble Berkson worked briefly for the Associated Press in York in 1931 and then be- t came a staff writer for Crash Kills 3 Hearst a old Lniversal Serv- ice- BUNKER HILL AIR FORCE Berkson was chief of Univer- BASE Ind W An Air sal's Rome bureau from 1932 Force 019 Flying Boxcar to 1934 and headed the Pans crashed and burned early Sun-bureau until 1935 He was ! day while coming m for a landmanaging editor of Interna- n2 here killing all three crew but it has been true here through all of these days of trouble Newsmen who followed the rebels through all of the scattered guerilla fighting say it was true around the scenes of those campaigns too Until Sunday night the town had been held completely paralyzed insofar as transportation and other facilities are concerned Newsmen here and others in the hotels were getting two rather scant meals a day but aside from elevators there was no other service Citizens and tourists alike were impatient for complete restoration of services in stores transportation facilities and industry following Castro's order to end the general strike 07 nnn The process of disarming he LOStS v709UUU kid volunteer guards around the city and replacing them with uniformed and combat-seasoned rebels is progressing —but slowly were ordered to carry identification Castro's men said they were pressing a roundup of remaining supporters of the ousted regime The rebels dealt out summary justice to men they said were “criminals of war” and reportedly had executed at least three of Batista’s former officials As Havana prepared a hero's welcome for the bearded 32-year-old Castro whose two-year revolution upset Batista the self-appointed civilian mili Turn to Page 2A Col 5 Roller Rink Fire Most of the downtown Ha-xana guards are now veterans of the Second Front group They are as friendly as a bunch of beagle pups with the members The victims were identified j Americans and other foreign as Capt Jack E Roosa 40 the j newsmen here Apparently they pilot of Uvalde Tex Capt Os-1 have the word from higher up He was named publisher of'mar B- Howell 34 copilot of to do nothing to endanger in-The Journal American three San Angelo Tex and S Sgt ternational relations years ago He succeeded Wil-1 Rodolpho Quinones 36 of Cor-liam Randolph Hearst Jr in pus Chnsti Tex The plane w as en route to Bunker Hill from Brooks Air Force Base Tex on what was described as a cross-country flight Chicago — 38— a pre-dawn fire Sunday caused an estimated $75000 damage to the Arcadia Garden Roller Rink on Chicago's north side Chief Fire Marshall Raymond Daley who estimated the damage ordered an arson investigation Loans on Silverware to $600 7A Womens 1-9B Halpert’s 140 NE 2 Ave— Adv Today’s Chuckle "I can’t make them out” said the woman over the back fence "They have no car no television and she hasn’t any jewelry or furs” “Perhaps” said her neighbor “they just have money” — Expod!n Circle 1 I

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