The American Legion is Alive and Doing Well in Middle America OSKALOOSA, Iowa (AP) — Nat King Cole croons "Ram- blin' Rose" on the juke box. Ten men are seated at the bar at 4 o'clock on a Thursday afternoon. Six salt shakers on the 13-stool bar testify that this is primarily a beer-drinker's palace — a healthy pitcher of which goes for a buck. A mural of America's fighting men serves as the bar's .backdrop, testimony that this is the American Legion in Oskaloosa. Largest of the veterans' association, with 2.7 million members, the American Legion is alive and well in middle America. Its lobbyists in Washington and in state capitals across the land say they've got more political clout than ever. The national commander says increasing numbers of Vietnam Veterans are joining up and that Legion-supported baseball teams, oratorical contests and Scout troops are still American institutions. And they hope they'll even get Veteran's Day changed back to Nov. 11. The Veterans of Foreign Wars, second largest of the vets' groups, with 1.8 million members, reports an even rosier picture in 1974, the year after soldiers came home from an unpopular war to face disapproval at worst, a White House reception at best and a no-hum greeting from their countrymen in general. In the years after World War II, the Legion hit its all-time high of 3.3 million members in 1946. The VFW climbed from a prewar 100,000 to over a million in the middle '40s. VFW membership is growing faster now than the Legion's. The VFW says it increased its rolls by 23,000 in Split Develops on Iowa's Safety Act l!)7H Legion membership, for tin- f irst time in almost a decade. declined in 1973; a drop of 18.000 because deaths of older legionnaires exceeded new membership. There's an American Legion or a VFW post to serve every- OIHV One in New York is composed of advertising men; there's a post of FBI agents in Wa s h i n g ton, a post of tele-phone workers, and a post whoso main attraction is an annual rodeo. In some communities, the hall is a dingy, smoke-filled room. In others it's more or less a country club. Kven in a state like Iowa, strong for both organizations, it's hard to figure out what "average" is. (iordon Miller, Iowa Legion commander, ponders the question. "Average?" asks Miller. "That's hard to say. I mean if you put one foot in a bucket of FUNNY BUSINESS By Iowa Daily Press Association DBS MOINES - A sharp division between the state labor commissioner and private industry appears to be developing over one aspect of the Iowa ooccupational health and safety act. It boils down to whether employers should be cited for first-time non-serious violations. The state law, enacted in 1972, provides for such an exemption; but. State Labor Commissioner Jerry Addy claims the federal government will no longer honor this exemption. Addy is working for passage of a bill, Senate File 1298. which would wipe off the exemption. But Donald Mauser, vice president of the Iowa Manufacturers Association, said his group will resist the change. Two cases involving charges against county maintenance shops in Jefferson and Monroe Counties are expected to bring the issue into sharp focus yet this legislative session. Addy initially proposed fines totaling $40,255 against Jefferson County for allegedly violating the state's occupational health and safety act. However, after meeting with county officials Addy reduced the proposed penalty to $4,370. The labor commissioner, who is responsible for administration of the act under a joint federal-state agreement, has proposed a penalty of $10,250 against Monroe County. The law very clearly provides that any employer — private or public — can be subject to a penalty if inspectors cite them for a "serious" or "imminently dangerous" violation. The Iowa Manufactures Association has no argument against this; the problem centers on "non-serious- violations found during the first inspection. Iowa had the option of not providing any funds and allowing the federal government to carry out the program including inspections, or to come up with 50 percent of the funding each year and the right to oversee the program, including inspections. The state chose the latter. The federal act, as interpreted by Mauser, stipulates that a state must provide some "sanction" against an employer who is found guilty of a non-serious violation during the first inspection. "While they have never specifically told us, apparently the federal officials feel a saiction means a monetary pervd'i .y; we don't agree with that"" Hauser related. Under the present Iowa system, an employer charged with a non-serious violation during the first inspection can be issued a citation which contains a requirement for abating the violation within a certain period of time. If the abatement does not occur, then a failure to abate citation can be issued with monetary penalites assessed. This is what happened in the cases involving both Jefferson and Monroe Counties. "In our opinion," Hauser said, "that is a sanction, a strong sanction." State inspectors initially charged Jefferson County with 35 violations; however, monetary fines were affixed on only six of them. Addy has now dismissed two of the alleged violations and reduced the penalties on three others. The proposed penalty on a sixth violation was allowed to stand. The county has 15 days to file an answer to this latest complaint. The county must either admit or deny each of the alleged violations. After the county's answer has been filed, a date will be set for a hearing before a State Review Commission. The county also has the right to appeal the Review Commission's decision to district court. The six violations are listed below, together with the original proposed penalties and the revisions: 1. Two exit signs not suitably illuminated; $142 per day for 30 days, $4,260. The formal complaint stated that the Bureau of Labor would stand on this penalty as originally proposed. 2. Blades not properly guarded on a Reznor overhead heater; $142 per day for 40 days, $5,690. Acknowledging that the county had attempted to comply with this item, Commissioner Addy said the penalty would be amended to $1 per day for a total of $40. 3. First aid kit not approved by a consulting physician; $42 per day for 40 days, $1,680. We sell Flynn Dairy Products to your door every day. BERNHOLTZ BROS. Phone 792-4242 Carroll Carroll's Only Home-owned Dairy Distributor Also, we sell Eggs, Meats and ButtT Times Herald, Carroll, la. c Tuesday, April 16,1974 3 cold water and the other in a bucket of hot water, well, I guess you might say your rear end is about average." The Legion post in Oskaloosa, for instance, opens every afternoon at 3 and the regulars drop by M. L. Curry, a 52-year-old World War II vet, comes just about every afternoon. Why? "They've got a good group here," says Curry. "I think it's a good organization and they've done a lot for the boys." Curry says he brought his son and another young man into the organization. "But they don't come in like they used to." Wayne Keefe, the commander, says attracting the Vietnam veteran is a problem. "He's a new breed of cat, more highly educated. By Roger fio/fen You've got to sit him down and tell him what the Legion can do for him. He wants his money's worth if he's going to join." And join he apparently does. The Legion claims a half-million of its members are Vietnam vets. The VFW says 450,000 have come aboard. "We^re not concerned at all about our appeal to the Vietnam veterans," says Robert E. L. Eaton, the Legion's national commander. "We think we're doing fine." From the VFW's public relations man, John Smith: "We've got 18 per cent of the eligible Vietnam vets. Percentage-wise, it's the highest of any war. World War II ran about 11 or 12 per cent.'' And from the Vietnam Veterans Agdinst the War (VVAW), an organization more into apple wine and pot than apple pie: "Despite their figures, we feel we are the largest group representing the Vietnam vet. We represent his sentiments and his position. They still think it's great we sent over 55,000 people there to die," says Brian Adams, a national officer of the VVAW, which claims a membership of 25,000. There's no profile of the Vietnam vet who has joined the Legion, but Miller maintains he's more conservative than his World War II counterpart. "They tend to side with the World War I guys,"he said. Another educated guess is that he is the guy who mustered out before 1970, before dissatisfaction with the war spread throughout the country. Dean Phillips, a 30-year-old Vietnam vet and a former member of the VVAW, belongs to both the Legion and the VFW. "I'll rub elbows with the right wingers if I have to, but I won't compromise," says Phillips. "They try hard and they work hard." Phillips, a candidate for the state legislature in Colorado and a young man whose language must be laundered before being quoted, feels that far too manv Vietnam vets don't realize that the Legion and the VFW are out there to help them. "I'm not a flag-waving Legionnaire or one of the VFW boys, but I've got a warm spot for them. I really get into it with them, but I have never seen any of those sons of hitrhes glorify war." ((50 BACK TO TME'RWRACE'/, v_. _,_y Oil-Rich Alberta Kuwait of Canada -cause the first aid kit had been secured, the formal Complaint indicated the penalty would be amended to $1 per day for a total of $40. -I Container used for cleaning solvents not approved type; $142 per day for 30 days, $4,260. The complaint stated that this violation was being dismissed after a subsequent evaluation showed lack of facts sufficient to substantiate the violation. 5. Arc welding machine located in area where vehicles could be serviced; $325 per day for 45 days, $14,625. Dismissed because of lack of facts to substantiate the violation. 6. Fire extinguisher not provided in shed where oil is stored, $325 per day for 30 days. S9.750. The complaint stated that the penalty was being reduced to $! per day for a total of $30 because the county had procured and installed a fire extinguisher, although it did not have a capacity adequate to the ha/.ard. Program Given At Family Night ARCADIA — The Ladies Aid Society of the Zion Lutheran Church in Arcadia held a family night potluck supper Thursday evening. The 86th birthday of Rev. Theo Lews was also noted. The tables carried out the Easter and birthday themes. Following the supper a musical program was presented which included five' fifth and sixth graders who played instrumental numbers; the Ar-We-Va Swing choir directed by Roger Mann; Boys quartet; girls sextet and a vocal number by Ron Hofdsworth, Jo'hn Lussman was pianist. At the business session at which Mrs. Wm. Jentzen presided, the LWML Rally April 24 at the Trinity Lutheran Church in Audubon was announced. Christian Growth chairmen presented a humorous skit on "Stewardship of Time, Talent and Treasury." OTTAWA - The latest gift to Canadian editorial cartoonists is the idea that the province of Alberta has become their country's Kuwait. After the recent conference of the provincial premiers called by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau to agree on a new domestic oil price, it was estimated that Alberta this year would reap $2 billion in oil revenues. That is a tidy sum for a province with fewer than 2 million people and a handsome increase from the $300 million it got from its oil in 1972. Its premier, Peter Lougheed, is inclined to play down this new wealth and cite statistics to show that his province is not as affluent as Ontario. But this has not saved him from being dubbed "the blue-eyed Arab of the west," and his officials at the conference obligingly wore sunglasses as proper skeikhs are supposed to. Saskatchewan will also benfit from the domestic price increase from $4 to $6.50 a barrel. And since wheat is in equally great demand these are prosperous days for the prairies. The four western premiers recognize their good fortune and are salting away much of their new riches in a fund for industrial development. Trudeau won a couple of tricks himself. He secured for the federal government the $4 a barrel export duty and that is now being levied on Canadian oil crossing into the United States and he will use this $700 million to subsidize the price of oil imported from Venezuela and the Arab states into western Canada. He also bound the confederation more securely together by getting close to a single oil price for all Canada, which gave substance to his promise to make other commodities conform to a one-price policy. Having survived two years with only 109 seats in a parliament of 264, Trudeau may be tempted to seize his moment of popularity by calling a summer election before the effects of further inflation damage his prospects. If this happens, and if he defeats Robert Stanfield for the third time, the Conservatives will be looking for a new leader. 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