Page 1 article text (OCR)
Iov\a a place to grow Carroll Daily Times Herald Vol. 105 — No. 89 ft.el.uni Postage Guflrnntcc-d Carroll, Iowa Monday, April 15,1974 — Ten Pages Delivered by Carrirr Boy Each Kvening for 60c Per Week SintSle Copy Gas Sorry Second to Oats Horsepower has a literal meaning to Suzie Everly and Karen Newton of Bradford, Pa., where the two stop by a neighborhood service station to refill. But their four-legged means of transportation find petrol a sorry second to oats, their favorite fuel. Woman Juror Bawls Out U.S. District Court Judge DETROIT (AP) — Helen Mueller is a shy, 102-pound housewife who said she "really felt sort of proud" when she was called for federal jury duty. But that was before she found out what jury duty was like. After 20 days' service over three months, she stomped into U.S. District Court here to give Judge Fred W. Kaess a good bawling out. "If I ever get in trouble, I'll never ask for a jury trial," she told the startled judge. "I don't want to be judged by a group of angry, frustrated people. "We were herded around like animals, from one pen to another. Nobody says welcome, or tells you what the rules are, or what your rights are or what's going on around you. Most of the time you just sit, not knowing what it is you're waiting for. "People become very resentful," Mrs. Mueller told the judge last week. "You'd be surprised how many jurors say they'll never vote again, because jurors names are drawn from the registered voters. I think that's terrible!" The Drayton Plains woman said that the required 20 days of jury duty can stretch into six months if a juror is never chosen for a trial. So jurors stretch the truth a little during their examination just to get on a case and get the whole thing over with, she said. "I don't mean the jurors lie." she said. "But for example, I've learned not to say what my husband's profession is. If I say he's a social worker, I'm excused right away. 1 learned very quickly to say he is a director for a family service agency. That's OK." For another, the jurors aren't notified when a case is dismissed or settled out of court. "You might have to come in and sit all day only to be told to go home. And you never knew why,"she said. But Mrs. Mueller said the capper was the day she telephoned the emergency number to tell the court she couldn't show up because of a medical problem. She said she got a recorded message that told her what time to be on duty. Court Gets New Arguments on Old Issue of Obscenity WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court has before it new arguments on an old and solution-resistant issue: obscenity. The constitutional dust hardly has had time to settle around the court's major obscenity decisions last June. At that time, the court eased the burden of prosecutors in demonstrating to a jury that material is obscene. But Chief Justice Warren E. Burger, writing for the majority, declared that "no one will be subject to prosecution for the sale or exposure of obscene materials unless these materials depict or describe patently offensive 'hard core' sexual conduct specifically defined by the regulating state law. One of two cases the court will hear today involves an R-rated critically acclaimed movie, "Carnal Knowledge," which played successfully nationwide but was declared obscene in Albany, Ga. One question raised in the case is whether statewide or local standards are to be used in determining limits of candor in depicting sex. In June, the court dispensed with the requirement that obscenity be judged by a national standard, but left doubt as to what new geographic range was to replace it. Another question is the manner in which state courts in Georgia met the high court's demand for specific language to warn pornographers what the law prohibits. Georgia used the language of its indecent exposure law. Critics claim this makes any display of nudity punishably obscene. But, they say, it hardly fits Burger's discription of "hard core" depiction of sexual activity. In the second case, the application of the federal law against mailing obscene material is being examined. In June, Burger said national standards for obscenity were "hypothetical" and "unascertainable." The mail case could be used by the court to determine just what kind of geographic standard should be used for a federal obscenity law in light of the condemnation of a national standard. Application of local standards to the federal law could, in the view of some, make First Amendment rights to freedom of expression a function of postal routes. One Out of 4 May Become Eligible for Food Stamps WASHINGTON (AP) - A congressional staff study says rising food prices over the next two years may result in making one out of every four Americans eligible for government food stamps. This would push program costs from the current $3 billion annually to a possible $10 billion, according to a staff study prepared for the Senate-House Economic Committee. The study was released Sunday by Rep. Martha W. Griffiths, D-Mich., chairman of •the joint committee's fiscal policy subcommittee. "Unless food prices stabilize before July 4, 1976, an estimated 60 million Americans — more than one in four — might be eligible for food stamps at some time during the nation's bicentennial year," Mrs. Griffiths said in a statement. Kissinger Tells U. Pla for Developin esourc UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (AP) — Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger today outlined a six-point program aimed at a more cooperative developmentof the world's natural resources. In a speech prepared for a special session of the United Nation's General Assembly, the secretary said, "We meet here at a moment when the world economy is under severe stress." Pointing to the oil crisis, shortage of food grains and increasing global inflation, Kissinger said the solution can come only through a realistic, international effort. "The great isses of development can no longer be realistically perceived in terms of confrontation between the haves and have nots," he said. Any effort by the less developed nations to artificially control raw materials "will sooner or later produce the organization of the potential victims into a counterbloc," Kissinger said in a not too subtle warning. Last Day for Filing of Returns WASHINGTON (AP) —Today is April 15, the deadline for filing your 1973 income tax return, unless you live in Maine, Massachusetts or North Carolina. In those states you have until Tuesday because today is a legal holiday — Patriot's day in Maine and Massachusetts and Easter Monday in North Carolina. The Internal Revenue Service estimated that it will receive more than 80 million returns this year, up considerably from 425,000 returns filed in 1913, the year that the Payne-Aldrich act created the income tax. And of these 80 million, officials say nearly half are sent in during the last two weeks, with many tax-payers hurrying to the post office to get them postmarked before the midnight deadline. Officials of the IRS declined to estimate the number of persons who may be trying to cheat on their taxes, although one spokesman said such attempts seem to be running about the same level as in the past. Last year the IRS prosecuted 1,342 persons for income tax evasion. Of these 821 pleaded guilty, 330 pleaded no contest, including former Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, 123 were convicted after pleading innocent and 68 were acquitted. Thanks to withholding, many taxpayers are in line for refunds, and the IRS says the average refund this year is about $360. Free tax assistance is offered by IRS, but spokesmen report that nearly half of the nation's taxpayers seek assistance from commercial tax preparers. In introducing his six points, the secretary also underlined his belief that the United Nations should avoid grandiose declarations of principles and aim for hard work instead. "Our goal," he said, "cannot be reached by resolutions alone or prescribed by rhetoric. It must remain the subject of constant, unremitting efforts over the years and decades ahead." The six points: —Action must be taken to insure a more equitable supply of oil and other energy products while keeping an inflationary price spiral from occurring. For its part the United States is willing to help oil-producing nations broaden their economic base as well as sharing technology and aiding in industrialization, —There must be an end to the cycle of raw material surplus and shorage. But a cartel of raw material producers aimed at forcing up prices ''would have serious cons e q uences ' for all countries." Kissinger said. The United States proposes a cooperative effort to include "urgent international consideration of restrictions on incentives for the trade in commodities." This means, the secretary said, that there must be equitable access to supplies of resources as well as access to markets by the producers. To support this there should be a body of international experts working with the U.N. Divisions of Resources to determine the future supply of natural resources, he said. —There must be a better balance between food production and population growth. The United States will share its agricultural technology, including a raise from $258 million to $675 million this year to aid in boosting farming technology. Kissinger also renewed his call for a World Food Conference. A major objective, he went on, will be the rebuilding of food surpluses so the world can alleviate famines and other emergency shortages. Then, the American secretary pledged his government to the establishment of an "International Fertilizer Institute" to help overcome the shortages of fertilizers. —Steps must be taken to keep the poorer nations from being destroyed by dramatic shifts in the supplies and prices of such raw materials as oil. "We welcome the steps the oil producers have already taken towards applying their new surplus revenues" to the needs of the poverty-stricken countries. The United Nations as well as the other industrialized nations must continue an aid program to the underdeveloped world "despite the prospect of unprecedented payments deficits," Kissinger stated. —Science must be shared and put to greater use to meet "the developing nations two most fundamental problems—unemployment and hunger," the secretary said. And, Kissinger went on, "the technology of birth control should be improved." To meet the possibility of a major weather change in much of the world, he proposed existing international organizations "urgently investigate this problem and offer guidelines for immediate international action." —There must be a new commitment by rich and poorer nations alike to development of an open trading system, a reformed monetary system "and a positive climate for the free flow of resources, both public and private." Kissinger said the United States is willing to take whatever actions are necessary "to avoid trade and payments restrictions . . . keep open its capital markets . . . join in an international commitment to pursue responsible fiscal and monetary policies . . . open its markets further" to products of the developing countries. Urges 16 ^Useless, Wasteful' U.S. Agencies Be Abolished Drop Charges — Off the hook is ex-Beatle John Lennon who was accused of assaulting a woman photographer during a fracas at a nightclub near Hollywood. The Los Angeles district attorney's office announced charges against Lennon, recently estranged from his wife Yoko Ono, would be dropped. WASHINGTON (AP) -Sen. William Proxmire today called for abolition of the Interstate Commerce Commission, Selective Service and 14 other agencies on grounds they are useless and wasteful. Proxmire, D-Wis., chairman of the Joint Economic subcommittee on priorities and economy in government, said that if any of the 16 are serving a useful purpose their functions can be moved to an existing agency. "Virtually every bill passed by the Congress and signed by the president establishes some new agency, commission, board or advisory council," Proxmire said in a statement. "Once started, they take on a life of their own. They are never abolished." For example, Proxmire said, Selective Service is asking $41 million this year to keep in operation even though under the law no one can be drafted. Here are other agencies he proposes to abolish, and his reasons: Renegotiation Board — He said this agency, which reviews profits of companies doing business with the government, allowed Grumman Aircraft to keep a 76 per cent return on net worth and Dow Chemical Co. to keep a 48 per cent profit. Civil Defense — "The shelter programs, the evacuation program, and the contribution programs are sterling examples of make-work" because "in the nuclear world there is no place to hide." Interstate Commerce Commission — The ICC has established monopolies, reduced competition and ordered high and uneconomic rates to cover the cost of inefficient producers, Proxmire said. The Central Intelligence Agency's "department of dirty tricks'" is counterproductive in interfering with other governments, Proxmire said. Small Business Administration — The agency has a history of political favoritism and helps less than one per cent of eligible businesses, he said. Overseas Private Investment Corp. — This agency was created to promote U.S. investment abroad and now is subsidizing some of America's largest corporations to create jobs in foreign countries, Proxmire said. Hard Fighting in the Golan Heights Area Grain Production Growing in Europe WASHINGTON (AP) — Western Europe, one of the word's largest markets for U.S. farm products, is rapidly on its way to becoming self-sufficient in grain and may move into international markets as an exporter much sooner than earlier expected The march by Europe toward self-sufficiency in grain was analyzed today in an Agriculture Department report. It was written by Donald M. Phillips Jr., a forcing demand specialist in the department's Economic Research Service. Phillips cautioned, however, that estimates for European production — centered in European Community countries — are subject to change. But he acknowedged that "it is already evident" grain produc- Grain, See Page 6 By The Associated Press Israeli and Syrian gunners traded artillery and tank fire on the Golan Heights war front today after a weekend of the hardest fighting since the October war. The Israeli military command said shelling resumed this morning along the northern sector of the 300-square-mile bulge captured by Israel during the October fighting. The announcement made no mention of casualties. The command also announced the appointment of Brig. Gen. Rafael Eytan, who led Israel's thrust into Syria in October, to command Israel's northern front with both Syria and Lebanon. Eytan, who was promoted to major general, taKes uver from Lt. Gen. Mordechai Gur, who was promoted to chief of staff. Israeli fighter-bombers on Sunday attacked Syrian forces on Mt. Hermon and the Golan Heights while below them the armies of the two countries battled fiercely with tanks and artillery. Area Forecast Warming trend through Tuesday. Partly cloudy with the chance of sprinkles Monday night. Mostly sunny Tuesday. Winds light and variable Monday night. Lows Monday night upper 30s. Highs Tuesday upper 60s. Senate Not Likely to Okay Long Trucks DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) — The Senate is unlikely to approve 65-foot twin-trailer trucks on Iowa highways the second time around, many senators believe. The Senate voted 26-23 Feb. -* 20 to give final legislative approval for the long trucks on state highways, but Gov. Robert Ray vetoed the measure. The governor contended allowing the long trucks would benefit only a few Iowa-based companies but would mostly help out-of-state firms at the expense of lowans. But the House last Tuesday tacked an amendment to allow the long trucks onto a Senate bill to establish a State Department of Transportation (DOT), long a pet project of Ray's Ray has threatened to veto the DOT bill if it comes to him with the long trucks attached. The original long-truck measure passed the Senate with only 26 votes, the mimimum number needed. And several senators say they have had second thoughts. "Ray could veto the long truck amendment if it came to him on the appropriation for his own salary," one senator quipped. But many senators feel Ray probably won't get a chance to veto it. "I voted for the bill to allow long trucks," Sen. George Kinley, D-Des Moines said. "But I've had several people contact me that are upset by the number of trucks passing them on the interstate nigh- ways," Kinley said. The Des Moines Democrat said his constituents are upset because truckers aren't obeying the new 55 mile per hour speed limit and are passing cars that are staying below 55 mph. "I'm surprised at the number of people who have gone out of their way to talk to me on this issue," Kinley said. "One fellow told me 18 trucks passed him on Interstate 35 between Ames and Des Moines and he had his cruise control on 58 mph," Kinley said. Kinley said he is reevaluating his position and ''I'll give it careful consideration before I vote for long trucks again." Lt. Gov. Arthur Neu said the Senate has three options on the DOT bill—accepting it the way the House passed it, peeling off the long truck amendment and sending it back to the House or immediately throwing the bill to a conference committee to work out a compromise. He said the Senate is unlikely to accept the bill the way the House left it. The lieutenant governor said the motives of those legislators who want the long truck amendment on the bill vary. "Some see it as a chance to get big trucks—others want to embarass the governor," Neu said. "If we send down the DOT with big trucks, he (Ray; is not going to be hurt by this at all (by vetoing the measure)," Neu said. "He's going to pick up popularity." Neu said he feels there is sentiment around the state for a DOT to provide planning but there is wide opposition to approving longer trucks.