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Iowa a place c grow Carroll Daily Times Herald Vol. 105 — No. Return Postage Guaranteed Carroll, Iowa, Saturday, April 13, 1974 — Six Pages Delivered by Carrier Boy Each Evening for 60c Per Week I 10 * 16 Copy s *.?- s * '• --••-' •>*- ^ «•;&•• , s .„* -\ ? , - - -•* x- > ; - ,*„ City Gets Reserve Unit The United States Army reserve battery of the Third Battalion, 14th Field Artillery, presently located in Sioux City, will be relocated in Carroll, Lt. Col. Richard C. Watson of Sioux City announced Saturday. However, a decision has not yet been made on the facility to house the reserve unit's headquarters here, the announcement said. A delegation representing the reserve unit will be at the Iowa Public Service community room here Saturday, April 20, starting at 1 p.m. to help with enlistments into the reserve battery. The service battery will have an authorized strength of 56 enlisted personnel, two officers and one warrant officer. There are openings for WAC's in the unit and interested women may also register Saturday, The IPS building is located at 804 North Main Street. All persons planning to enlist in the.service battery are reminded to bring their DD-214 forms at the time of enlistment. Any questions concerning the unit or enlistment procedures can be answered by calling collect, 712-662-7234 in Sac City. Questions should be directed to Sgt. Max Carnine or CW2 Hans Fischer. In addition to the citizen-soldiers assigned to the unit as reservists, one full time civilian employee will be permanently employed in .Carroll, Lt. Col. Watson announced Feb. 6 that Carroll was one of four communities being considered as the relocation site for the unit. At that time it was estimated the total annual payroll of the reserve uhit would be approximately $74,597. The Third Battalion, 14th Field Artillery fire-support element of the 205th Infantry Brigade currently has three firing batteries, located in Garner, Cherokee and Sac City. The units are equipped with 105 mm howitzers. A spokesman for the unit said in February it was necessary to relocate the service battery because of overcrowded facilities at Sioux City. All prior servicemen, regardless of their branch of service, are asked to consider joining the unit. There will be openings for those with no previous military training. The new Carroll unit will drill one weekend per month and also take part in two weeks annual training at an active army post during the summer. Neu Sees Compromise on Alcoholism Program DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) Some property tax relief will remain in a bill to revamp the state alcoholism program when the Senate passes the measure, Lt. Gov. Art Neu predicted Saturday. The Senate debated the measure — to combine the state's current two different programs into a single division of alcoholism under the health department — most of the day and into the night last Tuesday. Debate was suddenly stopped and the bill delayed when Sen. William Winkelman, R-Lohrville, and Sen. Lowell Junkins, D-Montrose, were successful in attaching an amendment to remove the responsibility of counties to pay part of the cost of treating alcoholics. Counties are currently responsible for 50 per cent of the cost. That amounted to $1.8 million around the state last year. The bill is designed to inject an extra $500,000 in state funds for alcoholism treatment next year, but this would fall far short of the funds now paid by the counties. Neu admits that the extra state money injected into the program could force the counties to spend more money on alcoholism treatment if the 5050 cost sharing is retained. "But the Winkelman amendment has to come off the bill,"he said. The lieutenant governor said a compromise is being prepared so that the state would pick up some of the local cost. "I don't think the counties should spend more than $1.8 million," he said. "I'm not interested in raising the property tax." Neu said the compromise hasn't been worked out yet, but several senators said the lieutenant governor has approached them with a proposal that counties pick up 40 per cent of the alcoholism treatment cost. Junkins said that proposal isn't acceptable to him, but he would be willing to compromise and allow the counties to pick up 25 per cent of the cost and the state 75 per cent. Winkelman said he agrees with Junkins. Junkins said the Neu plan Neu, See Page 2 Retiring — His retirement prompting a "sweepstakes" in Britain over who will succeed him, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Michael Ramsey, will resign in November following his 70th birthday. Presses for Higher Speed Limit DES MOINES, Iowa (AP)— House Majority Leader Edgar Holden, R-Davenport, wants Iowa congressmen to seek relaxation of the 55 miles an hour highway speed limit imposed by Congress. He says he wants to talk to them about it when members of the Iowa congressional delegation come to Des Moines next Wednesday for a meeting with legislators. The legislature went along with the 55 m.p.h. limit as a fuel conservation measure early this year, making the lower speed effective March 1 to avoid a threatened cutoff of federal highway funds to Iowa. But it is highly unpopular with the people who are used to a 75 m.p.h. limit on interstate highways, Holden says. The legislature early this year adopted a resolution urging better communication between the legislature and Iowa congressmen about the state's problems and Wednesday's meeting was arranged as a result. Holden said all members of the congressional delegation except Sen. Harold Hughes and Rep. H. R. Gross have confirmed they will attend. He sent a letter this week to Sen. Dick Clark, Reps. William Scherle, Edward Mezvinsky, Neal Smith, John Culver and former Rep. John Kyi urging consideration of a relaxation of the speed restrictions. "I would point out that this limitation is a 20 m.p.h. reduction on Iowa's interstate system. It is almost impossible to enforce and is causing frustration and resentment by the motorist, "Holden said. He added that the new law discriminates against states like Iowa which have had relatively high speed limits. "Iowa's motorists are being asked to make a greater reduction than Eastern states where they only needed to reduce their speed five or 10 miles an hour," Holden said. Holden isn't the only one to protest against the 55 m.p.h. limit. Rep. David Stanley, R-Muscatine, has complained it hampers him in campaigning for the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate, and there are almost daily charges in the legislative halls that truckers ignore the lower limits with impunity while they are enforced against other motorists. "The scoff-laws of Iowa are the truckers," charged Rep. Joan Lipsky, R-Cedar Rapids. Black Occupation of Simpson Center Ends With Agreement INDIANOLA, Iowa (AP)— The brief occupation of a Simpson College building by more than 40 black students ended Saturday morning when aji agreement was reached between the dissident group and school officials. . School spokesman James Zohn said details of the agreement were being drafted. They weren't immediately available. More than 40 members of the Organization for Black Unity (OBU) occupied the Brenton Student Center Friday night after presenting a list of grievances. The organization, wTiich represents the some 50 blacks who attend Simpson, said college administrators have allowed subtly racist attitude to prevail at the college. The students said they would leave when the "administration is ready to sit down with sincerity and openness in their hearts for our demands." A member of the group was running the switchboard at the center Friday night and OBU members said they would run the switchboard as usual. However, the students have locked the doors of the center and said they would let only reporters inside. A public relations man speaking for Simpson president Dr. Richard Lancaster said there were no plans to dislodge the students as long as the center services continued. School officials said they were mystified at the action taken by the students. They said they left Friday afternoon believing the matter would be discussed Monday. OBU members said they wanted more active recruiting of black administrators and faculty members, asking that by September 1976 there be 10 black faculty members. Spokesmen said they wanted black faculty members to teach black history, a course presently taught by a white professor. They also said the college's present athletic program reflects the racist attitudes of the coaches and has proved to be "winningless and unfair." The OBU asked for the firing of the head football and basketball coaches and the hiring of a black coach for either one of the sports. Lancaster said administrators were "trying diligently" to hire black professors to head a black studies program. He said tight finances had forced cutbacks in the program earlier this year. He said the college has "made marked progress.. .and has attempted to use all resources available to attract black teachers." But OBU chairman Bernard Franklin charged the administration was "incompetent in searching out black teachers and administrators." Holden said the gasoline shortage has eased since last winter and it shouldn't be necessary to stick to the 55 m.p.h. limit. He suggested that Congress relax the law to let each state raise its speed limit to a level 10 miles an hour under what it was before the fuel crisis. That would let motorists travel 65 m.p.h. on Iowa interstate highways. Full return to the former speed limit could be done as a second step later on, Holden said. Escapee Shot After a Standoff LUXORA, Ark. (AP) - Police snipers shot an escaped prisoner Friday to end a four- hour standoff between police and armed escapees who were holding a jailer hostage. Three other prisoners and the hostage were injured during the attempted escape. Snipers shot Carl Jackson, 25, Friday afternoon in a muddy field near the jail where the escapees were holding jailer Thomas Dunn as hostage. Jackson was in serious condition early today. Dunn suffered superficial wounds and was hospitalized after being struck by a bullet that passed through Jackson. The Third Battalion, 14th Field Artillery's history is marked with distinctive service in World War II where the unit participated in six major campaigns and won three decorations. During that war the unit's members participated in the Sicily, Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace and Central Europe campaigns. An Arrowhead was awarded to the unit for its performance in the Sicily campaign. The unit won a Distinguished Unit Citation for the Normandy campaign and was decorated with the Belgian Fourragere for action in the Ardennes and in Belgium. / ** ' * *•, ' FHA, VA Rates Go to 8V2 Pet. WASHINGTON (AP) — The federal interest rate ceiling on government-backed mortgage loans will jump from 8V4 to Wz per cent Monday, matching an all-time high. James T. Lynn, secretary of housing and urban development, announced the quarter per cent rise in the ceiling on Federal Housing Administration and Veteran's Administration loans Friday night, saying the change was necessary because of higher interests rates across the economy. "I have reluctantly taken this step because it is vital to keep the FHA as an available, practical, mortgage money source for American home buyers, "Lynn said. The FHA insures mortgages for eligible Americans while the VA guarantees them. The federal ceiling has been at Wz per cent at times in the past four years, as interest rates have surged upward. Fewer Americans have been able to use the government-supported loan program because of the price of homes has gone up sharply. The maximum loan insured by the government is $33,000. Lynn's move is ironic, since only a few weeks ago he was considering reducing the rate rather than increasing it. But that was before large banks began boosting their prime lending rate to record levels, apparently because the availability of money has become tighter due to Federal Reserve policies. Lynn said his only other choice would have been to keep the lower rate. If he had, he said it would have required sellers to pay more "points" when they dispose of their homes. Points are a one-time charge, in effect pre-paid interest, to make up the difference between the going market rate for money and the federal ceiling. AREA FORECAST Rain likely Saturday night, ending early Sunday followed by diminishing cloudiness. Lows Saturday night near 40. Highs Sunday mid to upper 50s. Precipitation chances 40 per cent Saturday night, 30 per cent Sunday. Preparing Easter Eggs — -Staff Photo Carroll Jaycees boiled eggs Thursday night at Mac's Casino Cafe in preparation for the annual Easter egg hunt. From left: Howard Johnson, Scott Heinrichs, chairman of the project, Zenas Becker and Harry Rotert. The annual Easter egg hunt for 1-10-year-old youngsters was scheduled for 1 p.m. Saturday at the east side shelterhouse at Swan Lake State Park. Milligan Would Welcome Nixon Aid in Campaign George Milligan (R-Des Moines) a candidate for the U.S. Senate said here Friday he would answer "absolutely" if President Nixon offered to come to Iowa and campaign on his behalf. But the State Senator said he doesn't intend to ask anybody to come into the state to help in the campaign. "My opinion is that until proven otherwise, the president is still the president and is innocent until shown to be guilty. "I have a great respect for the presidency and I think we must be fair. We can not be prejudiced. I think we are making a terrible mistake if we call for the resignation of the President without facts," he said. Milligan criticized the government for asking the farmers to increase their production, but at the same time standing in their way. "I feel the government should get off the farmers' back so they can get the job done," he said. Government actions he hit at because he said they stood in the way of the farmer in doing his job included the "beef freeze, the artificial prices on nitrogen fertilizer so it could be sold out of the country as an export at higher prices — creating an artificial shortage, the soybean embargo and OSHA inspections on the farm." "Iowa farmers and their wives are some of the last hold outs of the independent businessman. In this country we ought to go to bat for the Iowa farmer," Milligan added. Milligan said another theme in his campaign this year is the abuse of big money in politics. "Both my opponents I label million dollar opponents," he said. He was talking of David Stanley (R-Muscatine) and John Culver (D-McGregor). The Des Moines candidate said both opponents will spend about a half million dollars each in their campaigns. He said his campaign has put a $500 limit on any contribution and said he will not accept money from outside the state for his campaign. "This is the key issue which will beat John Culver," Milligan said when talking about money from outside the state going to the campaigns. "I don't think lowans should Milligan, See Page 4 Israelis Retaliate for Terrorist Raid TEL AVIV, Israel (AP) Israeli army units blew up 20 houses in six villages in southern Lebanon on Friday and captured about 10 suspected terrorists in retaliation for the Arab terrorist massacre at Qiryat Shmonah, the military command announced today. In Beirut, Lebanese defense minister Nasri Maalouf said a woman and her 10-year-old daughter were killed in the raid. Their bodies were found in the rubble of a demolished house, police said. Defense Minister Moshe Dayan said the raid was a "political action" to warn the Lebanese government. He said the Israeli raiders cleared all Arab residents out of the houses before blowing them up, and if two civilians were killed "it was by accident." In the stiffest warning he has ever issued to Lebanon, Dayan said: "If the Lebanese government allows terrorist headquarters to enjoy their freedom and conveniences in Beirut and at night they cross the border into Israel, I think that eventually a good part of Lebanon will be destroyed and deserted." A Lebanese communique said that 13 civilians were seized and 24 houses and a power station were blown up. DIES IN CRASH STRATFORD, Iowa (AP)Mrs. Irene Smith, 51, rural Stratford, was killed and her husband was injured Saturday when their car went off a Webster County blacktop road and overturned about 1V 2 miles southwest of Stratford. Milton Smith, 52, was driving the car, the Iowa Highway Patrol said. Many Feel Sales Tax Exemption Bill Dead DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) Is the bill to exempt food and prescription drugs from the 3 per cent state sales tax dead? Many state legislators are saying privately that it is. But Lt. Gov. Art Neu says the sales tax exemption has "not necessarily" breathed its last breath. And Gov. Robert Ray still contends that the sales tax exemption is the best way for the state to go for tax relief. Those legislators who say the sales tax exemption is dead agree that the legislature will grant some sales tax relief before it adjourns for the year, probably at the end of this month. But they say increasing pressure from local grocery store owners to dump the measure is taking its toll along with the minimum of $31 million a year the proposal would cost the state treasury. The Senate originally passed the measure to exempt food staples, prescription drugs and artificial limbs from the sales tax. The Senate version would retain the tax on such foodstuffs as cookies, candy and soft drinks. The House, in its version, expanded the definition of food to exempt all grocery items that could be purchased under the federal food stamp program. That version would also exempt home heating fuels. The Senate, concerned that exempting heating fuels would cost the state an extra $8 million annually above the $31 million for food and drugs, rejected the House version. The bill was sent to a Senate House conference committee to work out a compromise on March 3. That committee has not yet met. And legislative leaders say the way the legislature has been spending the state's almost $200 million treasury surplus, there may not be enough money left to fund even the food and drug exemption. So the conference committee has been given authority to study other, cheaper tax relief measures too. Sen. Lowell Junkins, D-Montrose, says grocers have convinced him that exempting food from the sales tax would bring about higher food costs. He said food stores in the larger cities have cash registers that can easily separate taxable from tax exempt food items. But the rural stores do not and would have to pass along their extra costs through price increases. "That's a lot ot baloney," said Neu. "Other states have it (the tax exemption for food) and it works all right." The lieutenant governor said stores already have to separate grocery items eligible for food stamps from other items they sell. But Neu admitted the tax exemption program might have to be dumped because of the cost. If it is, Neu said a tax relief package suggested by Sen. Tom Riley, R-Cedar Rapids last week is "not a bad proposal." Riley suggested expanding the eligibility for the property tax relief program for the elderly, exempting all lowans who earn under $5,000 from the income tax, adopting the "Curtis plan" income tax standard deduction" and increasing the inheritance tax exemption.