Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on April 10, 1974 · Page 2
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 2

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Carroll, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 10, 1974
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Page 2
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i\ Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Wednesday, April 10, 1974 Chinese Bitter Having raked over the bones of that ancient philosopher of the status quo, Confucius, and attacked the evil influence of such Western v. .mposers as Beethoven and Schubert, the Mao minions are now waging a campaign to remind the Chinese of the indignities and atrocities they suffered at the hands of foreigners in the days when China was weak and helpless. According to China-watchers on Hong Kong and Taiwan monitoring mainland broadcasts, the Chinese are being told in mass rallies of such things as the mass murder of 2,000 children in the southwestern province of Yunnan by unidentified "imperialist." "Never forget class bitterness and blood-and-tears hatred," the participants at another rally are said to have shouted again and again. Like the first Cultural Revolution, this latest one is apparently an attempt by aging Mao Tse-tung to whip the Chinese people into a permanent state of revolutionary fervor. The people seem to have an alarming tendency to lapse into complacency when they are not faced with some kind of internal or external enemy. Ironically, it has been the very success of the regime in banishing the age-old specter of famine and giving the ordinary Chinese more economic security than they have ever known that has made such periodic convulsions necessary. What effect this latest antiforeign campaign will have on China's recent tentative emergence into the outside world is not yet clear. At the very least, it suggests the difficulty of building bridges to a country that every few years has to burn them down in order to preserve its ideological purity. No Charley It would have been nice to have a moon named Charley. The 32 satellites that orbit larger bodies in the solar system run to more elegant names, generally mythological in nature. A moon named Charley, whirling about little Mercury, would have added a pleasant folksy air to our home family of planets. Alas, it is not to be. What Dr. A. Lyle Broadfoot and his team of Mariner 10 scientists first thought was a newly discovered Mercury moon turned out to be a distant star. Mercury remains moonless, and Dr. Broadfoot will not be able to confer immortality upon his boyhood dog Charley. Still, there is much else intriguing about what the spacecraft discovered. Mercury's position relative to the earth and sun has made earthbound observation difficult and kept the smallest planet largely a mystery. Mariner 10's closeup shows us that Mercury is heavily cratered, resembling the moon, and this combined with a great deal of other data provides a much clearer picture than the previous century of observation had obtained. Poll Closing There was considerable doubt in the Senate as to the wisdom of requiring simultaneous closing of the polls throughout the country in presidential elections. This aspect of campaign reform was approved by .a rather narrow 48 to 42. We think doubts were resolved on the right side of the question. Though there is something to be said for allowing the states to decide on their own when their polls shall close, this is outweighed by the benefits of a uniform closing hour. That will at one stroke get us away from the undesirable "bandwagon" effect whereby Eastern election results have an impact on the vote in later time zones. This is not said to demean the independence of West Coast voters. It is said in recognition of a popular tendency to be influenced by how others have already voted: That should have not part in the choice of a president. Late on Time With an assist from the gasoline shortage, Amtrak, the national railroad passenger system, racked up a 28 per cent gain in patronage in January over the same month a year ago. The increase was reflected in all parts of the country as a total of 1,423,000 people took the train. Amtrak also reports a much improved on-time performance record. Unfortunately, as the United Transportation Union points out in a recent newsletter, in this case all that glitters is not exactly what it appears to be. A train is now counted "on time" if it reaches its ultimate destination within five minutes for every 100 miles of operation. For example, a train traveling 600 miles can come in 30 minutes after scheduled arrival time and still be considered "on time." Under the previous system, a train was considered late if it arrived more than six minutes behind schedule. But better late than never, as they '•say. These days, any train is better than no train at all. And the system does seem to be improving. Stroke! Stroke! Stroke! Dear Abby Washington Notebook— Fuedalism Effects Linger • —By Bruce Biossat Btossat TOKYO (NBA) — The outsider searching for the deep roots of Japan's post-war economic triumphs finds them in an enduring stability and an unflagging discipline bending people toward work. No surprise, except how far these roots reach into the soil of Japanese history. In a 1974 probe into Japan, one would not expect to get into feudalism. Yet that's where you are drawn inescapably, for the Japanese — uniquely in the world — were living under feudal rule until just 106 years ago. And they had it for six centuries, much longer than the Europeans who were the only others on earth ever to erect such a society. What this has bequeathed the Japanese, and the historians and social anthropologists verify the tracings, is a firm social "frame" which has enabled them to rise from war and storm with a resilience quite uncommon. Probably the critical feudal span was the two and a half century rule of the Tokugawa family which directly preceded the celebrated westernization of Japan starting in 1868 with the so-called Meiji Restoration. In that remarkably stable period, the frame was set. In the perceptive view of Miss Chie Nakane, Tokyo university professor presently in California, the "group" became the key structural element in Japanese society — its membership ordered by tareful rankings from top to bottom. Jump to 1974, and see this element impelled out in the household, the automobile or electronics company, the company labor union, the government bureaucratic agency, the particular university faculty, etc. In Japan, ultimate loyalty is to the group. The company or bureaucratic ministry pin worn in the. lapel is the symbol. It is no minor thing. While authority flows from the top down, there are variations and much significant inter-flow. What counts most i£ that from these groupings the Japanese gain a great sense of belonging, a feeling that no one is left out, generally an escape from '•'alienation." With Japan having perhaps the world's highest educational levels, entry into working groups demands good educational background. Thereafter, advance is by seniority, not ability. Disadvantages here are obvious. But there is enormous assurance and security in the warm one-on-one group linkages. Japan under this structure is truly a classless society, with more equality than any western nation. But the tight rankings, and the limits they impose on interchange of ideas, mean there is less play for mental freedom. The crucial competition is not within but between groups — companies, universities, agencies. Challenging, but also wasteful at times, and productive of harmful animosities. You'll hear from "resident" Western scholars and others that the postwar winds of change are tearing Japan into old and new worlds, buffeting the islands with urban blights, militancy in unionism, loosening of family and work bonds. Miss Nakane argues persuasively for "social persistence," marshaling potent evidence that vital group structures endure sturdily beneath the surface sweeps of change. But what drives this ably organized people to full effort, lifting them far beyond Oriental rivals to high rank among the advanced nations in economic power? What makes the Japanese spirit? A profound answer eludes the most probing visitor. Evidently, ages back, taking on mainland Asia's Zen Buddhism, the Japanese laid aside its mystical content and made it a pragmatic code for maximum daily labor, a doctrine of self-restraint yielding high dedication in the serious pursuits of living. Polly's Pointers Puzzles Make Wall Art DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve concerns the plastic containers many poisonous items or those to be used with caution are put in. Often a specified amount is to be used and there is no way to see how much you" are using without measuring it into another container. It seems they could be put in marked, clear bottles. MELBA POLLY DEAR POLLY - Tell Mrs. R.G. that I use men's wornout orlon socks for dust cloths. Fold the top down over the foot, slip you hand in and dust away. They pick up dust and lint like a magnet. HAZEL DEAR POLLY and Mrs. R.G. - I add the tops from worn socks to pajama legs and arms to make them longer and they fit snugly at the ankles_and wrists. Stretch them out and sew on with either a zigzag or By Polly Cramer straight stitch. I also use the knit cuff part on children's shirt and blouse sleeves. MRS. L.M. DEAR POLLY — I am answering Mrs. R.K. who hates to throw away orlon socks with good tops but worn feet. I used mine to make a beautiful rug. Such a rug can be either crocheted or braided. Start cutting the sock top in one long strip about an inch wide, just as you would peel an apple. Sew the strips together, roll into a ball and then start your rug. MRS. E.H.D. DEAR POLLY — Those of us who often use our outdoor picnic tables find that napkins blow away if a wind comes up. To prevent this attach (screw) a paper towel holder to the underside of the table. Each time you eat outdoors take along a paper towel and just tear off a "napkin" as needed. The roll of towels can be returned to the kitchen holder when the meal is over. MRS. M.G. Take a New Look at ^Loving Friend' By Abigail Van Buren so-called DEAR ABBY: As my husband and I were preparing to make a trip to Europe by air, one of dearest friends came to me and asked me if I would please get a $50,000 airplane insurance policy naming her as the beneficiary. She said she would gladly pay for the insurance! I was shocked to say the least. What do you think of such a suggestion from a supposedly loving friend? I'd really like your opinion PEACHES DEAR PEACHES: Let me put it this Abby way: If this "loving friend" invited me to her home for dinner, I'd wonder who she was loving, and I'd also take a food-taster along. DEAR ABBY: It's a cinch you've never been to Alaska, otherwise you never would have told that 45-year-old woman who was husband hunting to go there. There are no extra marriageable men here, plus jobs are scarce and prices are double. You should have told her not to go to Alaska unless she had a round-trip ticket and plenty of money. She's too old to be a go-go dancer. ERMA IN ANCHORAGE DEAR ABBY: A few months ago I was hospitalized for a heart condition, and upon release, my doctor told me I had to take it easy. Your Health A Drinking Problem By Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D. Lamb DEAR DR. LAMB — My husband vomits all the time. He's got so he can't even hold water, besides food, in his stomach. He's quick tempered, very nervous and upset. He's a heavy drinker, beer by the quarts and whiskey and vodka all in one evening. Could this be why he's upset all the time, because he has too much in his system? He won't go to a doctor. But, he needs help. He yells for no reason. How can one help this person? DEAR READER — Regular overuse of alcohol can cause inflammation of the stomach, a condition called alcoholic gastritis. This will lead to pain in the upper abdomen and nausea and vomiting. Of course, he could have an ulcer which can also occur. He would need an examination of his stomach to see what the problem really is. Because of the obvious medical problems you mention, he does need to see a doctor. If you have a family doctor you should talk to him about this. Another source of help is for you to contact the Alcoholics Anonymous organization and see if they can talk to your husband, and perhaps he will listen to them. I would expect, though, that they too would want him to receive proper medical attention. My hunch is, from your letter, that he needs medical treatment for his stomach and possibly other medical problems; psychiatric counseling for underlying problems related to his overuse of alcohol, and all the support he can get from you and such sources as Alcoholics Anonymous. DEAR DR. LAMB — Concerning myself. I had suspected that I had high blood pressure for about a year. I recently had a physical and found my blood pressure at 158 over 108. I am a 36-year-old male. The doctor put me on a low fat, 1,500 calorie diet. I am five feet and weigh 204 clothed, or about 40 pounds overweight. My cholesterol was 246 and triglycerides were 846. What do these terms mean? DEAR READER — Your doctor did exactly right in starting you on a weight reducing, low fat diet. Many people with moderately high blood pressure readings can be treated by simply getting rid of the excess fat. Anyone with even moderately high blood pressure should try to get rid of every pound of fat they can. The cholesterol is substance made by the liver. It is not strictly a fat, but it is the waxy substance that sticks in the arteries and leads to fatty deposits in the arteries. This leads to heart attacks, strokes and many other problems. My son, his wife and their three very active young children are neighbors to us, and the children are here more than they are at home. They wear me out, but I can't bring myself to send them home. My husband hired a housekeeper to help me the last few weeks, but my daughter-in-law has begun to "borrow" her, so once again I am alone with those undisciplined children. My daughter-in-law is a good girl, and I'm sure she doesn't realize the toll the children take on me. She's also very sensitive. My son tried talking to her about letting the children spend so much time at my house unsupervised, but she ended up in tears, all upset, and the next day they were back. How can I handle this without hurting anyone? I love them all very much. NAMELESS, OF COURSE DEAR NAMELESS: First, tell your housekeeper that she is not to be "borrowed" by your daughter-in-law. Then tell your daughter-in-law to please quit commandeering your help—that you love her and the kiddies, but you aren't up to having them over unless she is there to discipline them. Don't worry about her ending up in tears. Better that than you ending up in a box—before your time. CONFIDENTIAL TO WORRIED AND WAITING IN N.J.: The answer is YE 0 - 1 See a physician at once. And if you can't get an appointment immediately or can't afford one, contact your public health department and tell them what you have told me. And do not wait another day! Daily Times Herald 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor JAMES B. WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication 6f all the local news printed in this newspaper as well'as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ 60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per year ^^ All Other Mail in the United States, per year J27.00 Make spurgeons Down-to-earth Prices Easter Shopping a Pleasure at Spurgeon's Little Men's Short Sleeve Shirts 3" to 6" Dress and sport shirts in new fabrics and smart collar styles. All perma-press! Polyester/cotton broadcloth, nylon, polyester and cotton knits, and some acetate tricot dress shirts. Patterns and solids in the group sizes S, M, L, XL. Men's Dress Slacks 9" , 13" Doubleknit polyester slacks—a fine selection including flares and cuffs. Lots of solid colors; stripes, plaids and gabardine weaves. Sizes 29 to 42. OPEN WEDNESDAY NIGHT TILL 9 p. for Pre-East*r Courtesy Night Boys' Sets 2", 7" Slacks or shorts with coordinated shirts. Print and solid combinations, lots of knits too. Some sets plus ties or belts. Ready for Easter in sizes 2-4 and 3-7. Boys' Jeans and Slacks 399 799 Many styles! Washable jeans in flares or cuffs. Dress slacks in polyester doubleknits, solids and jacquards. Sizes 8-18. Easter accessories: • Spring ties, $2 to 3.50 • Belts, 1.99 to 4.59 • Socks, 69c to 1.39 pr. EASTER SHOPPING'S A PLEASURE WITH A SPURGEON CHARGE

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