The Charlotte Observer from Charlotte, North Carolina on October 20, 1937 · 1
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The Charlotte Observer from Charlotte, North Carolina · 1

Charlotte, North Carolina
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 20, 1937
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First In America Th Observer leads In circulation ALL newspapers Morning and Evening In the States of North Carolina and South Carolina It Is the largest newspaper between Richmond and Atlanta and Washington and Birmingham The Observer enjoys the unique position of being the only morning newspaper in AMERICA published tn city of less than 100000 population having a circulation Of 10000 dally and more than 73000 Sundae The Observer leads all rewspepera sboth Morning and Evening In the two Statea in voluma of advertising carried each year FOUNDED 1869 Japs Silent As Chinese Drop Bombs Anti-Aircraft Gun Fail to Blast Sky as Planes Raid at Shanghai SHANGHAI Oct 20— '(Wednesday) — OP) — Chinese bombing planes raided Japanese lines in the Shanghai sector today with a mystifying absence of Japanese anti-aircraft fire Instead of blasting the heavens as they have done until now the Japanese did not lire a shot against the Chinese who made a lightning incursion dropped a half-dozen bombs and sped away The damage was not disclosed The Japanese launched another major offensive on all fronts apparently to expel the Chinese forces from the Shanghai zone before the Nine-Power conference begins October 30 at Brussels to discuss the far eastern conflict ‘ WARN OF BOMBINGS Japanese authorities served notice that all trains stations warehouses and railroad equipment now are considered military objectives for bombing operations They declared Chinese railways are transporting military supplies and tome trains are armed with machine guns At the same time advices from Hanchow asserted that repeated Japanese air raids on stations and passenger trains of the Hangchow-Shanghai line have killed or wounded more than 100 civilians within the last week The report said none of the trains or stations contained war materials Japan’s war machine in North China was definitely slowed and in aome places completely halted Peiping reports said Dispatches from northern Shantung province reported actual withdrawals of Japanese forces In Shansi province Japanese asserted they had captured virtually all positions around strategic Sin-chow pass about 50 miles north of Taiyuanfu Although expressing ignorance of developments a Japanese spokesman at Peiping said he expected Sinchow to be the key to the defense of Taiyuanfu Shansi provincial capital NO NIGHT RAIDS Although J apanese bombing planes gave Nanking China’s capi-J tal its most severe pounding of the month yesterday the city’s apprehensions of renewed night raids during the full moon spparently were baseless Japan’s heaviest air raiders well protected by pursuit planes again bombed the Nanking airdrome in daylight Tuesday The explosion of demolition bombs rattled windows throughout the city The raiders then crossed the city and dropped a dozen powerful missile on the terminal of the railroad to Pukow starting a fire They also (Turn to page X column t) JO JO SAYS Honey Boy swapped his pet dog to Sonny Boy for a hive of bees and they both got "stung” lilftl Itw Temperature range 75 SS North Carolina' Fair and cooler Wednesday Thurday generally fair South Carolina: Fair and cooler Wednesday preceded by shower on coast In early morning Thursday partly cloudy (Further data an pate 3) ' MEMBER OF THE 26 PAGES ENTERS Answers Johnson’s Plea for Continued Isolation WANT PEACEFUL SOLUTION President Cites Earlier Discussion of Sino Jap War Settlement ‘By Agreement’ HYDE PARK N Y Oct 19-— (P) — President Roosevelt asserted in a formal statement tonight that America would enter the Nine-Power treaty conference on the Sino-Japanese conflict “without any commitments on the part of this government to other governments The statement issued after long conference between the President and Norman H Davis head of the American delegation to the conference to be held at Brussels October 30 was generally accepted as reply to a statement by Sen ator Johnson Republican of California- hinting that the United States and Great Britain had agreed In advance on a program of sc tion In a statement in San Francisco Johnson an isolationist demanded to know the President’s attitude adding: "We know the attitude of Mr Hull and the ambulatory ambassa dor Mr Norman Davis and we know perfectly well that Mr Davis would not be going to Brussels unless in advance a program had been agreed on between England and this country" NO COMMITMENTS The President In his statement cited the language of the invitation to the conference— to the effect that the powers would examine the Far Eastern situation and “study a peaceable means of hastening an end of the regrettable conflict which prevails there” He also called attention to his address of October 12 In which he said the conference would “seek by agreement” a solution of the undeclared war and added it would be the purpose of America in seeking that solution to co-operate with the other signatories to this treaty including China and Japan "Mr Davis of course" he added "will enter the conference without any commitments on the part of this government to other governments" Davis sails tomorrow for Brussels The text of the President's statement follows: "Mr Davis is going to Brussels to represent this country at a meeting of the signatories of the Nine Power Washington treaty in response to an Invitation issued by the Belgian government "The purpose of the conference Is In conformity with the regional pledge made by the parties to the Nine Power treaty in 1922 to have full and frank exchange of views with regard to the far eastern situation ’Invthe language of the Invitation to which this government is re (Turn to Page 3 Col 4) National Whirligig Th News Behind the Nw BY RAY TUCKER WASHINGTON Oct IB-EXTRA! The Duke of Windsor's forthcoming visit to the United Slates is being handled by a New York advertising agency whose other clients Include makers of rya and bourbon automobile magnates and the United Stale Chamber of Commerce — our own "economic royalli" The firm' rp-rencnlatlvea here have arranged for the ex Fmprror to chat with Madam Perkins A F L Trcsi- ociety Urges Union Of ASSOCIATED PRESS Scores of The Foremost Newspaper of The Two Carolinas TODAY Pictured below is the first aerial view of the wreckage of the palatial “Mainliner” United Air Lines transport which crashed into a mountain peak in the Uinta mountains along the Utah-Wyoming border killing all 19 persons aboard This picture was snapped by searchers flying over the snow-coverpd mountains Ground crews toiled yesterday to remove the bodies of the 16 passengers and three members of the crew who lost their lives in the nation’s worst air tragedy WRECKED PLANE SIGHTED -L 5- 1 A -s Jjs V s $ Of vN 'XAv J Ground Crews Take 19 Bodies F rom W reckage Of T ransport Deep Snow Hampers Workers in Removing Victims to Mortuaries in Evanston SALT LAKE CITY Utah 19 — CP)— The bodies of the-19 persons who were killed in the ciash of a luxurious air liner in the Uinta mountains Sunday were brought out of the rocky wilderness tonight and taken by truck to Evanston Wyo Ground crew toiled all dav over treacherous trails conquering deep snow steep slippery canyon walls and the menace of landslides to reach the scene of the nation's greatest airplane disaster Bob Johnson public relations agent for United Air Lines announcing removal of the bodies said: T have been informed that all of the bodies have been taken down from the scene of the wreck They will be placed in charge of the coroner at Evanston for Identification and other arrangements A number of the bereaved relatives already have assembled at Evanston to claim their dead" Meanwhile three separate Investigations sought the cause of the crash Postal Inspectors and Bureau of Air Commerce representatives prepared to visit the scene of the disaster The United Air Lines proceeded with Its study and the Utah department of aeronautics announced it would make a complete survey BORNE BY HAND The weather at least a contributory cause of the tragedy had cleared today but mud and melting snow added to the difficulties of workers who must bear the stretchers by hand down the steep ridge-slope for mote than a mile befoie Turn to Page X Cols 345 dent William Green and C I O Chieftain John L Lewi — at Windstor's request He asked particularly to interview these friend of the "American working man” On a transcontinental trip as far a San Francisco he Will Inspect slum clearance projects rural reset-tloment center factorle in (he Midwest government power project In the Northwest and mines He can accept no Invitition to social or formal function except with permission of the Hrltlsh government and night clubs are on the black Hit So don't crowd dowagers! Whitehall h-- hedged hi trip with aevrre restriction In fact he ia not supposed to be here In hi own person Ilia American host In (Turn ie page 9 column 4-5) Special Correspondents Over CHARLOTTE N C WEDNESDAY —wwifr I 4 w x 1 - it) r-' Tornado Rips Wide Path In Rockingham Section Spenat fo Thu Observer ROCKINGHAM Oct 19-Two persons were Injured several farm houses and barns were destroyed a saw mill was demolished and four 45-foot steel towers and 10 wooden poles of the Carolina Power and Light company were blown down this afternoon shortly after 3 o'clock when a tornado accompanied by a heavy downpour of rain swept across a section five miles south of here One inch of rain fell in 20 minutes Rockingham Ellerbee Rob- Federal Agents Join Hunt for Snatchers of Ross After Double-Cross Revealed CHICAGO Oct 19— (Ay-A na-tion-wide hunt was pressed today for the kidnaperi who collected 550000 ransom but failed to release aged Charles S Ross Spurred by the knowledge the family had been double-croased Federal agents and State's attorney's detectives hurled their full force into the search for the anatch gang A trap similar to that set In the Lindbergh case was baited across the country The government sent e complete list of the serial numbers of 5 230 bills given the abductors to Department of Justice bureaus police stations newspapers bank and business house from coat to cosst in the hope that the mobstera would be caught when they sought Vo cash in on their crime BELIEVE ROSS DEAD Some Investigator held the belief the Ros cae would prove a parallel to the Lindbergh tragedy with the ransom collected after the victim had died Chief oj Detective John L Sullivan Incltnrd to 1 hat theory He pointed out the retired manufacturer had been missing for 24 days The official premise were these: 1 Ro 72 and suffering from heart disease had aucrumbed In the hands (Turn te Fag 1 Cel I and 71 North Carolina and South Carolina l’ ' "V “Circulation Book's - MORNING OCTOBER 20 erdel and the Pee Dee villages were without electric power after the storm had blown down the power lines Line crews from Sanford Wadesboro Hamlet and Laurinburg were rushed here to set up tempo-ary lines and electricity was restored tonight by 10 o'clock The two men Injured on the John Dockery farm were treated here and then taken to the Hamlet hospital The itorm apent ita force along the edge of the Hannah Pickett Mill vil- Turn te Page X Column 3 and 4 1936 Nominee Deplore F R’i 'Repudiation' of Neutrality Act Want Him Curbed TOPEKA Kas Oct 19-r-Alf M Landon aummoned the nation 1 Republicans to shut off "too much power” for the Roosevelt administration and to Insist upon "workable legislation" achieved by con-titutional methods The 1938 Republican presidential nominee addressed himself to his 17000000 supporters In tht last election Landon asked of president Roosevelt: "How far doei he Intend to go?” in pursuing international peace "We are faced with a situation” aaid landon “where he may make a mistake that would indeed be tragic that might lead to war Close observer have increasing doubt If he thought hla recent (international) declaration through to Ha logical conclusion Moreover Congress adopted a neutrality act at the last session The President took It upon himself to repeal the principle of the act "Now the Job for the Congress will be to decide whether the President' own policy I to be followed or whether we are to adhere to the policiea which Ihe last Congress adopted ” CRITIC TEES ACTS Landon called for "workable" Revision of the Wagner labor and aortal security aria and In general rharled a Republican viewpoint for (Turn te Page X Column 4) Two WASHINGTON AND RALEIGH NEWS BUREAU Open To AW 1937 MEDICAL EFI FAVORS 1 OF HOSPITALS Suggests One Plant for St Peter’s and Presbyterian CAMPAIGN ON FOR FUNDS Trustees Hope to Erect New Building on Grounds' of Present Site BY SAM JUSTICE Observer Staff Writer The Mecklenburg Medical society in session last night unanimously passed a resolution urging hospital groups here to unite in the erection of one large hospital Movements are now under way to raise funds to build new modern hospitals to replace the present buildings at both Presbyterian and St Peter’s hospitals Trustee! of the Presbyterian hospital hope to erect a new building on the grounds in front of the present hospital site using the old structure for a nurses’ home It is understood that trustees of St Peter’s hospital already have bought a lot In Dilworth on which they plan to erect a new building HOSPITALS OVERTAXED The capacities of both hospitals have been overtaxes for some time and the hoapitai situation in Charlotte is considered acute by medical men Both hospitals are functioning at an operating capacity of 104 per cent while the desired capacity is 70 per cent This means that rooms are overcrowded and some paUents are being placed in hallways The doctors pointed out that a hospital should operate on a Kale of only 70 per cent of capacity to give leeway for epidemics or unexpected emergencies The action of the medical society 1$ believed particularly significant in that it is the first action the society has taken as a body on the hospital question The resolution adopted unanimously by the 62 members present and prepared by the cabinet of the society reads as follows TWO IMPOSSIBLE "Resolved It is the opinion of the Mecklenburg County Medical society that it would be impossible to build two strong new hospitals In Charlotte at this time Hence it seems to us the part of wisdom to ask the Episcopalians and Presbyterians to unite their efforts toward the building of a single institution" Dr Watson S Rankin chief of section on hospitals and orphanages of the Duke Endowment and a member of the board of trustees of the Duke Endowment expressed pleasure over the action of the medical group "I am glad the society has taken this action" he said "I think that the building of one hospital would result in a great economy both in building end operation if it ti possible to get the two denominations together” it is believed that despite movements already begun by both group to erect individual hospi-tals the action of the medical group will carry great weight since the doctors are better acquainted (Turn to pag 14 column 4) Today And BY WALTER WHAT ARE THE STOCK MAR-KET8 SAYING? At a time like thle when nobody fully underatanda the behavior of the stock market or can judge the proapecti of business the natural 'thing to do ia to look around for a scapegoat Y t the fact la that If any ona foresaw that within two month of the adjournment of Congress th whole advance in security price ilnce 1933 would be wiped nut he kept that Vnnwl edge a well guarded ircrtt If we PRICE: F D R Not Planning To Close Mart ( O'Conner Demands Washington Taka Drastic Action to Prevent Another Crash HYDE PARK N Y Oct 19 — (iT)-— Informed sources said today President Roose velt would refraim from in voking his power to close the New York Stock exchange While further stock declines failed to draw any statement from the Chief Executive himself officials let it be known he had no Intention of asking the Securities and Exchange commission in Washington to suspend trading He has that authority under the stock exchange regulation set The President threw no light on what plans if any are under consideration by Federal official to check the down-swing in security values He had no thought of referring to the subject In his speech in Washington tomorrow afternoon dedicating the new Federal Reserve board building There had been speculation he might In view of efforts by some to have the board reduce its 55 per cent margin re quirement to ease the market INSTRUCTS DAVIS The President turned toward Washington tonight after a week at the summer White House He will return here Saturday to remain until after election Bay November 2 He received the newspapermen before giving final instructions to Norman H Drvis who sails for Brussels tomorrow as head of the American delegation to the Nine-Power treaty conference which will attempt to mediate Japan’s undeclared war in China Davi called several hours after a luncheon conference between the President and William E Dodd ambassador to Berlin who is returning to his post after a ' vacation Dodd will sail on the aame ship with Davis The press interview covert a wide range of subject including the revised budget estimates announced in Washington yesterday forecasting a net deficit for his fiscal year of $895000000 which ia $277000000 higher than last April' estimates WITHIN BUDGET The President' only comment on this was that the government could have remained within the April expenditure estimates had Congress kept within budget recommendations He repeated what he said several time on his western trip— that he expected definitely to attain a balanced budget in the 1938-39 fiscal period He said he believed this could be done without increased taxation Curtailed relief outlays will be one aim he told an audience last night Asked if he believed the market break would affect the government tax revenues he said he did not know He had no comment on proposals to reduce or adjust the capital gains tax Leading bankers have (Turn le page 3 columns 2-3) Tomorrow UPPMANN are rendid and fair we must admit I think that however murh w may have regarded the New Deal un-aound there wai no one who knew ay on Auguat 15 that' the stock market was about to collapse or that a considerable depression might be about to begin On the contrary almost every one I know supposed that unsound conditions her and abroad— such as th holding back of productive labor and th vast unproductive ex-pcnditurea on armaments and public worX combined with Inflationary financing in every great nation —would lead not to a sudden collapse hut to dangerous rise In prlres For that reason no on is In position to discus the situation (Turn U poga I column $-4) Circulation Yesterday City and Suburban 57206 Country 13848 TOTAL PAID 71054 It le Interesting t not that of The Observer 70000 DAILY and 73000 SUNDAY circulation 57000 or more then 83 li city and suburban circulation In Charlotte's Immediate trading territory Ninety per cent of the other circulation fa within convenient (hopping radius of Charlotte 5c DAILY— 10c SUNDAY nn liu Shares Make Come Backs After Toppling in Early Hours SEC KEEPS CLOSE WATCH 7287000 Shares Change Hands — Bonds and Commodities Follow NEW YORK Oct 19— (P)—Amid confusion and bewilderment reminiscent of '29 the stock market came back strongly late today after the heaviest selling storm experienced in Wall Street since the Federal government began “policing” the exchanges in 1934 Under a downpour of selling at the opening prices of leading issues fell as much as $10 a share or more as they did on Monday A sense of equilibrium came after the noon hour In the last hour between 2 and 3 o’clecr With prominent shares displayin in aome instances a striking comeback there was a general rally in which many stocks wiped out all initial losses and closed higher tor the day CHRYSLER IN COMEBACK Chrysler selling down about $10 in the first hour closed at $61 only $125 off from yesterday United States Steel off $7 at one time was in the foreground of the leaders in the rally closing 62 cents above Monday at $6212 Allied Chemical 8 Dye which fell $11 was off $2 at the close American Telephone finished yith a $2 loss at $147 a share after beis down $7 General Motors down $7 at mid-morning was up $225 at Us last price of $3825 Farm implements led the late comeback International Harvester closing at $73 a gain of $7 50 over yesterday’s finish and Deere at $7875 ud $723 General Electric was another leader on the rebound closing at $3950 up $425 ai was Standard Oil of N JH finishing at $4875 up $375 Net losses of 50 cents to as much as $8 predominated when the excited trading ended however The wave of lower prices also swept commodity markets Losses still predominated at the finish although some staples had recovered Cotton down somewhat soon after (Turn to page 3 rolumn 8-7) Mrs Lippmann Couldn’t Stand His Vocabulary BRADENTON Fla Oct 19-AV-Mrs Faye Lippmann aued for divorce today from Author Walter Lippmann asserting he used his gift of invective against her and habitually indulged a violent temper She charged extreme mental cruelty - Lippmann “is shrewd and quick In his mental processes" her petition said “commands a vocabulary virtually unlimited is a facile veteran in the use of invective and development of criticism a phase of his equipment that he constantly used in administering verbal punishment upon complainant" Mrs Lippmann asserted the writer "treated her with absolute coldness and told her that he cared absolutely nothing for her" when she followed him to a pier In New York last August 11 at the time he sailed for an extended tour of Europe Attorney Dewey A Dye filed the Eetiion He said he believer Mrs Jppmsnn had gone to New York The couple married in New York City May 24 1917 They have no children Mrs Lippmann' petition said they separated last August It also said a property aettlcment was pending They built a winter home on Anna Marla key her in 1034 Lippmann 48-year-old Harvard graduate formerly was associate editor of the New Republic Magazine and editor of the New York World lie now write a syndicated rolumn for a group of newspaper lie la the author of many booka on politic and economic lie was assistant secretary of war for a few month in 1917 r 1 JW3r WMBHSacM""

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