Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Times Herald, Carroll, I&. Monday, April 8,1974 Laud Pro Army Despite the show-me skepticism of many people, the all-volunteer Army is -working, reports Secretary of the Army Howard H. Callaway. When the draft ended on Dec. 31, 1972, the Army had 10 fully-formed combat divisions. Today, it has 13 such divisions, 10 of which are considered combat ready. "The Army's on board, it's more disciplined, it's a better Army," says Callaway. What this means is that for the first time since before World War II, except for a brief hiatus following the war, the United States is not relying on conscription to fill the Army's ranks. For the first time in a generation, young men can plan their futures without the threat of the draft hanging over their heads. Actually, the development is more momentous than that. For all of its history, until the onset of the Cold War, the peacetime Army was a volunteer organization. But the tiny, neglected, sometimes scorned and always poorly equipped forces that existed between the wars hardly qualified as armies. They were a nucleus only, a cadre of professionals, expected to hold the line if war came, while the nation slowly mobilized itself. The United States will never again enjoy that kind of leisure in the event of another major war. In this nuclear age, the exchange of missiles would be over, and the outcome probably decided, long before the country could whip its civilian population into a fighting force. The Army, along with the other services, must be ready at all times — trained, competent and equipped — to play whatever roles they would be able to play in the ghastly scenario of nuclear war. As for any more so-called "limited" wars, which scarely seem conceivable in the light of the Vietnam experience, here, too, it must be the job of a professional Army. Although the draft law remains on the books, the nation is not likely again to give a president a "blank check" to send erstwhile civilians into dubious battle. That the all-volunteer Army is working is the best news that Americans have heard since No. 158 was drawn from the lottery bowl back in 1940. Power Play Americans are pretty much reconciled to the fact that if they want energy and a decent environment, too, they are going to have to pay for them. Strip mining now yields more than half the nation's total annual output of coal, and will be called upon to yield more in the future. But nobody expects the coal industry to foot the entire bill — or most of it or even any of it — for the expensive and difficult reclamation of strip-mined land, or for devising some method of "cleansing" high sulfur content coal. The costs must ultimately be borne by the consumer. The rationale behnd the industry's traditional resistance to strip-mining laws—that they would put coal at a disadvantage in the marketplace — no longer holds today, if it ever did hold. America's demand not just for energy but the chemical derivatives of fossil fuels is going nowhere but up, and no one respurce along^can meet it. Yet the coat industry, allied with electrical power companies continues to fight the bad fight, on the state level and on the national level, against any and every threat to its right to go in, rip out the coal and leave. Members of the House Interior Committee are reportedly under intense pressure from coal and power lobbyists to kill or gut a strong federal i strip mine control bill. The measure narrowly escaped defeat in the committee last month. (The Senate is apparently beyond hope, having previously passed a similar bill by a large majority.) This is shortsightedness in the extreme on the part of the coal and utility people. It is their environment as much as anyone else's, and what the nation fails to do today to protect its natural heritage will exact a far greater price tomorrow from their children, and everyone else's children, mere money can pay for. Daily Times Herald 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W. WILSON. Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W.UUE1TZ, News Editor JAMES B. WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as Second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897, They shall beat their swords into drills and their spears into oildrums. Dear Abby >ar Aooy — Should Specify Secretary's Duties . By Abigail Van Buren Abby Your Health Determine Hair Amount By Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D. DEAR DR. LAMB—Please settle a disagreement between my friend and me. I say that if a person shaves or removes hair with a depilatory then the hair doesn't grow back in a greater amount or darker in color. I think that it only looks darker because it hasn't been bleached by the sun yet and that is why it looks darker. Lamb DEAR READER—The number of hairs depends entirely on the number of active hair follicles within the skin. The follicle is like the root to a blade of grass. You can cut the top off and the root will allow more grass, or hair, to grow right back. The stub of hair is tougher, and a shaved area will give that bristle-feel to touch. If you ever walked over some cut grass stubble or stubble from a wheat field you can see how tough it is too at the base. The shaving doesn't make the hair tougher, it just leaves the tougher stubble. Cutting off or even pulling out the hair still leaves an active follicle, and the hair will return just as it was, no darker and in no greater quantity. The only way to solve the problem is to remove the follicle. This is what electrolysis does. Using an electrical needle the hair follicle is destroyed. It usually takes several treatments to get all the hair follicles because some of them have not sprouted their next hair at the time of one procedure and can't be located. By repeated procedures, in time all the hair fol- licles can be destroyed, and hence no more hair. DEAR DR. LAMB—I have thalas- semia - Cooley's Mediterranean anemia. I believe it is a form of leukemia (cancer). I am 59 years old. I'm so tired constantly. It gets progressively worse. I know there is research going on. Is there anything at all that can relieve this terrible tired feeling. I do have so much work that needs to be done. So, constant rest is out of the question. I go around feeling so tired that at times I'm like a zombie. DEAR READER—You may weill have thalassemia, but I doubt you have Cooley's Mediterranean anemia. That particular type of anemia is usually confined to young children. Most likely you have another variant of the thalassemia type of anemias. The thalassemias are all abnormalities in the formation of hemoglobin which is associated with varying degrees of anemia. Depending on the severity of the problem, the liver and spleen may be enlarged, and there may even be jaundice. Since you ' don't mention these things, I would assume you do not have that severe a form. Probably your fatigue is related to an anemia. Your doctor would most certainly know with a simple blood test. He may be able to control your anemia with medicines. I do want to assure you that what you have is not leukemia, nor is it cancer. It is an inherited condition affecting the hemoglobin or iron-containing pigment within the red blood cells. DEAR ABBY: The other day you published a letter from a secretary who professed to like hei 1 job and her boss, but she complained about being sent on non-clerical errands, such as picking up other employees or shopping for the boss, too often. This wasn't part of the job, she said, and she resented doing it. And yet it would seem to me that if the boss sends her on these errands, and she does them on company time, then they are, indeed, a part of the job and she does not have a legitimate complaint. I could see her gripe if she were expected to do all these things on her own time, but this apparently wasn't the case. The problem is simply that she thinks she's being paid for her typing, and the boss obviously thinks she's being paid for her time. I tend to agree with the boss. So long as he is footing the bill, what does it matter whether the secretary is taking dictation or doing the boss' legwork? MS. JONES DEAR MS. J When one advertises for a typist, if "legwork" is part of the job, the applicants should be so advised. An employer does not buy "time" — he buys "talent, muscle, or specialized skill." A woman hired to do secretarial work shouldn't be expected to sit with the kiddies any more than a man hired to sell real estate should be expected to wash the floors. DEAR ABBY: I saw you on a talk show recently, and you were asked: "At what age do you think children should be told the facts of life?" You replied, "When they're old enough to ask, they're old enough to know." I agree with you. I'm with Planned Parenthood, and this morning we heard from a group of angry mothers in one school district who are fuming about our week-long educational programs for 7th and 8th graders, so we've arranged to get the parents together so we can talk about it. By the time we're through, those parents will be saying: "We wish we had this when we were kids." I know it will happen. It always does. We have a slogan, "All obstacles can be turned into opportunities." It's true. Hang in there, Abby! LYN IN YAKIMA, WASH. DEAR LYN: Education is the answer to V.D., illegitimacy and irresponsible sex. Count me as another who wishes they had sex education in the schools when I was a kid. What people DON'T know, CAN hurt them. DEAR ABBY: I can't resist writing this letter to "HAD IT IN NASHVILLE," who wanted to have his wife's teeth cemented together to keep her from talking. It will never work. He is underestimating the powers of a woman. I broke my jaw and had to have my teeth wired together for six weeks. While the dentist was putting the wires on, I was concerned — not that I wouldn't be able to eat — but to talk! My dentist laughed and said: "Honey, I have yet to see a woman that I could shut up by wiring her teeth together." My husband will confirm the fact that I had no trouble talking for the entire six weeks. BEEN THERE IN S.C.Q CONFIDENTIAL TO MY READERS: Next Sunday is Easter. Please do not give a child a living gift unless he is old enough to care for it properly. Every year a shocking number of baby chicks, rabbits, kittens and puppies have been mauled, manhandled, smothered and nelglec- ted to death by children who have received them as Easter gifts, and who regard them as "toys." Have a heart and give small children stuffed animals instead. Washington Notebook Far East's Democracy —— By Bruce Biossat TOKYO (NEA; — Many Japanese leaders like to remind the outsider that they have the only true "working democracy" in the Orient. But in thoughtful, casual conversation, it comes out that what Japan really had today is still a "graft" — immature in development and insecurely bonded to its life mainstream. One who expresses the reality well is a former prime Biossat Your Personal Finance Hobby isn't Total Loss By Carlton Smith Smith Polly's Pointers Stains Are No Myth By Polly Cramer DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with department and other stores that advertise great bargain sales but take no phone orders. I am 80 and almost blind. Attending such sales is an impossibility but I would like to take advantage of them. I wish they would help us senior citizens and handicapped people who cannot go to the sales by offering a mail order service. We need such bargains. —INA. die this problem? MRS. L.B, POLLY Member of the Associated Press TI,P Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for rcpubltcKtUm 6f all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery Pe™^ Carroll County ami All Adjoining Counties, where currier service is not available, per year Outside ol Carroll and Adjoining Counties In Zones 1 and 2 per year •• All Other Mall In the United States, per year $20.00 (23.00 $27.00 DEAR POLLY — and M.R.B. — To extend a too tight waistband I opened up the seams of a half-slip two inches down, finished the edges with a zigzag stitch on my sewing machine and sewed an inch of elastic on to the opened ends of the elastic at each side. The result is a slip comfortable at the waistline. -E.V.B. POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — Are shields made to go under the arms of men's suit coats similar to the dress shields women. wear in their clothes? My husband uses an anti-perspirant but still his suits have to go the cleaners far too often because of the underarm problem. How do others han- DEAR POLLY — I had the same problem as M.R.B. who wants to stretch the elastic in underwear. I solved this by stretching mine over the back of a chair where it was left for several days until it had stretched to tit. To hurry the process moisten the elastic band but be sure to protect the chair's finish if you do this. —DOROTHEA. DEAR GIRLS — I also used Dorothea's method for stretching a nylon shirt that fit a bit too snugly. —POLLY. DEAR POLLY — The new 55 mile- an-hour speed limit is rigidly enforced in our state. I found the 55 mark on my speedometer rather difficult to read so put a very narrow strip of orange "glow in the dark" tape on the glass from top to bottom along the 55 mark. -MRS. S.B. DEAR POLLY — The rubber cushions covering the tops of my crutches were showing signs of wear but were too good to discard. I slipped those footsies we wear when going without stockings over the rubber tops. They have elastic around the edges and are just the right size. I was saved the cost of buying new rubben pads for a while. -EVELYN. Are you ever allowed to deduct the expenses of a hobby you're pursuing for profit, even though your hobby isn't profitable? It's possible, and a change in the tax code has made it more possible than most people realize as one tax accountant reads the law on when is a hobby not a hobby. For years, the Internal Revenue Service took a very hard line on hobby losses, and for good reason. Most of the deductions they saw were for losses on such ventures as raising and racing thoroughbred horses, or the "farming" expenses of gentlemen farmers who paid for country estates with their tax savings. To deal with such claims, the general rule was that, to be considered a business, an activity had to make a profit with some reasonable consistency. If it wasn't making money at least some of the time, it was merely a hobby. The tough line may have been unfair to smaller fry who were genuinely trying to add to their incomes by painting, writing, trying to develop inventions, or other spare-time activities. Unless profits exceeded expenses, they were only hobbyists, and none of the expenses could be deducted, even though they were most earnestly trying to make money. With the Tax Reform Act of 1969, the general rule on hobbies was enacted into law. What isn't realized by most sideliners, evidently, is that the wording of this new section of the Tax Code can give them a couple of breaks they may not have enjoyed previously. There is, for one thing, a "presumption test," Are you engaged in a business activity, or pursuing a hobby. If gross income exceeds expenses for two or more years, in a period of five consecutive years, there is a presumption of a profit motive; yours is a business activity. It is the popular impression that if you fail to meet this test, the law says you're pursing a hobby - nondeductible. But the popular impression is wrong, says C.P.A. Barry Schwartz, writing in a publication of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. _For the law specifically says that when a taxpayer does not meet the test, "No inference that the activity is not engaged in for profit shall ar- rise..." In short, it you do meet the test - fine, the law is all on your side. But if you don't meet it, there's still an open question. Your only problem is that, in this case, the burden of proof is on you. But even in the absence of profit, you may be able to rely on "fact and circumstance" to show that you are indeed motivated by the expectation of profit. An example might De a sideline activity in which several years are needed to work up to the anticipated profits: Bruce B. and his wife raise English bulldogs. They have invested in expensive pedigreed dogs, in some cases traveling half way across the country to get a certain desired blood line. They have traveled extensively to the dog shows, attempting to win awards that will give their kennel prestige, and value in the marketplace. All quite expensive, producing not nearly enough income during these early years to meet the "presumption test" of a profit motive. Yet this is the kind of case where you might well convince the I.R.S. - or a tax court - that your expenses are deductible, even though you haven't been meeting the profit test. Not only that bust, as Schwartz points out, the taxpayer isn't even required to establish that he has a reasonable expectation of profit. That used to be required, but the language somehow got left out of the new law. It's theoretically possible, he says, to get a ruling that you're engaged in an activity for profit, "even though your expectation of profit might be con-' sidered unreasonable." And, come to think of it, that's not unreasonable. Look at Robert Fulton. Everybody said he was crazy when he was tinkering with that dizzy idea of his, expecting to make a big thing out of getting boats to run by steam. minister, Nobusuke Kishi, who held the post from early 1957 to mid-1960, and now lives placidly in quiet backwaters, though not without influence as a conservative consultant to certain elements in the ruling Liberal Democratic party. In an interview held jointly with colleagues of mine, Kishi flatly declared that what goes on in Japan's supposedly key governmental institution, the democratically-elected Diet, in no way can be said to pass for useful discussion and debate. If democracy means reaonable exchange, compromise, a molding and reshaping of proposals to find a broad common ground, Kishi says the Japanese do not yet have it. The LDP rules, of course, in both the 498-member lower house and the 257-member upper house of Council- lors (for which there will be elections this summer). The chief oppostiion parties, highly vocal and activist in mood, are the Socialists and the Communists. Yet their goals, "Marxist" in differing degrees, are so far removed from those of the pragmatic, ruling LDP that the opposition neither conducts nor desires "discussion." This means, plainly, that the rival parties have no genuine contribution to the development of working government policy. They simply criticize, and oppose. Their entire posture is one of assault, in and out of the Diet. It is Kishi's contention, and I could find no dissent from the proposition as at least a partial truth, that Japan's mass media — meaning in this case mostly newspapers of huge circulation distributed widely through the country — tends to support the opposition in steadily critical attacks against the government in power. However that may be, there can be little doubt that the Diet as presently functioning is a talking society, with immense power to command the presence, endlessly, of the incumbent prime minister, his top cabinet officials and many others. The 'grilling concerns Japan's worst nightmare — ungoverned inflation — and the role played in it by the pricing and other practices of Japanese trading and manufacturing establishments. But that's a story for later review. BERRY'S WORLD © 1974 by NEA, Inc. ' "/ don't want that — I want any gold bridges you have in your mouth!"
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