Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on May 8, 1895 · Page 1
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May 8, 1895

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 1

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Wednesday, May 8, 1895
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VOL. XX. LOGANSPORT, INDIANA- WEDNESDAY MORNING. MAY 8. 1895. NO-109. There is Some Mysterious Magic in the Words 'SPECIAL SALE: Judging by the number of times it is used outside this store. The mere crying "Special Sale" doesn't make goods good or extra cheap and often times an expensive lesson is the result. When we say sale the public realizes that a bargain awaits them and our store IB right away crowded. Monday will bo the old story repeated. CHEAP DRY GOODS, BIG CROWDS And the special things will he SHIRT WAISTS At 40c;. and at all Prices. Belts and Belt Buckles. So cheap you would not ask for more. Numerous styles of WASH FABRICS 100 Styles at 100 Pi-Joes. Variety is the spice of life. Eibbons at lOc. a Yard. Hornsdorf sFast Black Hose Two layers ot heel. Two layers of toe. The manufacturer made them to sell at 25c. Those times bring them to you at three pairs for 50c. UMBRELLAS. Made of Gloria silk, steol furrells, acacia sticks, bought to sell at; $1.23, Monday TO END THE STORY. IF YOU ARE WISE, YOU'LL SURELY TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE Busy Bee Hive's Enterprise 409-411 Broadway 306 Fourth St. 1895 SPRING 1895 / We tahe Pleasure in Announcing the Arrival of Our Spring Suitings! And we feel justly proud in the success of our untiring efforts which enable us to show yoi; this season the Latest, Most Stylish, Most Attractive and Exclusive Line of woolens in the city. Carl W. Keller, ' Tailor &]Draper. 311 Market St. STRAW HATS flND SWEATERS X In Endless Variety at the New Broadway Clothing Store, •JOS. G GRACE 426 BROADWAY, .FOK THE TAX. Assistant Attorney General Whitney Presents His Argument, Thinks Incomes from Rents Are Taxable—Guthrie Argues for Tax- fighters. WASHINGTON, May 7.—The second day of the rehearing in the income tax- cases in the supreme court of the United States began Tuesday with Assistant Attorney General Whitney in the midst of his argument for a reversal of the former opinion of the court on the question of the validity of ^federal tax on Incomes derived from rents. Whltnny'i Argument. Mr. Whitney began by explaining that his historical brief, which he had promised Monday, had not reached him from the printer, and said that liu hud already {,-ono almost as far Into tho Question as ho should In Quoting English precedents orally and in sivlng tho facts as to the moaning of the various words and phrases used In taxation. Ho said his statement of facts •would be his principal argument, and he believed that In a case a! tho character of the inoomo tax cases now under argument the facts were tho best argument that could be made. He claimed that the weight of evidence was to tho following account: 1. Tho word "duty" had a legal Cetlnltion. The phrase "direct tax" had none, but was ton-owed from 1 political economy, 2. A speoiilc personal property tax, a specific real property tax, and a spociilo Income tax were oaoh a duty within the .moaning of the constitution. A general tax on all personal properly at 11 valuation was not a duty. Impost or excise at all, nor was It a direct tax In political economy. a A spootllc real property tax would probably have been considered to be an indirect tax. 4. A general Inoomo tax, properly so called, was unknown at tho time of tho constitution, but was 0 duty within its moaning. 6, A spociilo personal property or specific Income tax was a duty and not a direct tax. SjyHtom Not Uniform. Taking up tho American system of taxation at tho time of the revolution ho said It was devoid of uniformity and very dlflloult of classlflcation. It could only bo shown thoroughly by going through tho statutes ot tho thirteen states, as ho had gone through those of Great Britain. He quoted frequently from tho report of Sec- rotary of tho Treasury Wolcott. made in •179G 1 In which that oflloial states that tho system was entirely different In tho various states, and some of tho states were almost without any form whatever. In North Carolina, for instance, lands were taken uniformly, in South Carolina by. districts, and in Virginia by o classlilcatiou of counties. Ho dirootetl especial attention to Wolcott's report saying that his explanation was clear, and, while liu did not use tho term direct tax in its legal moan- Ing, ho gave it tho meaning of the political economists and It was, therefore, valuable. Ho said there had been no Income tax in any of the states prior to tho convention unless It wus in Delaware, and concerning that state there was apparently doubt. Tho Kystem in use In most of the states was that of rating land fur tax purposes at an annual valuation. umming It up ho said tho main result ot the examination of the system in the. various states had been negative In character, and had shown llrst that tho systems were so different and that It was hard to determine how they did lay their taxes, and secondly, that thora was no settled meaning to tho word "duty." Tho same tax was a duty at on*> place and an excuse at another. Attorney-General Oluwy Spoaki. Attorney General Olney followed Mr. Whitney. He said: 'I fnlly appreciate tho liberality of tho court, bo'th in according this rehearing and In tho matter of the time allowed for argument, I realize ut thei same time that it cannot bo fairly taken advantage of merely to reiterate considerations already fully presented, and that it should bo availed of only lor now mailer now proved to be important, but which, so far as the government is concerned, has thus far been practically untouched. The present posture of tho case I conceive to be this: Tho contention of tho government at the former hearing was that the validity of a general income tux law could not now be drawn In question _ being conclusively settled by repeated adjudications o( this court, as well IK by the uniform and long-continued practice of the other departments of tho government. That contention has been sustained, though by an equally divided court, wtlh two exceptions. Ope relates to tha Income of tho state and municipal securities and presents a question upon -which I do not dsk to bo reheard at this time. Tho other relates to rents ot real estate. In respect of which tho position of tho court Is that they ore not embraced within the scope of the previous decision. No Knal Entatfl Tax Intended. 'This conclusion is one of which I am uca- jlo to feel the force or appreciate the justice, ind, as tho question is ol Immense importance .0 the government, politically and peounlarl- y, I shall consume a few moments In respect- lully urging its reconsideration. "It is important to bear in mind tho precise Question.- It is not -whether there may not be tax on rents, which must be deemed to be a tav on tho lauds producing them. It Is not whether a land tax measured by rents or rentals value may not be the most efficient and most scientific way "of taxing land Question is: Does this income tax law reate a tax which is necessary to be deemed , tax on real estate? For answer the best ource of information is, of course, the statute itself. The most superficial examination hows that no real-estate tax, as such, is in- ended by congress. If it had been there would have been a provision for. the oppraise- cent, by rental value or other-visa, .of vacant and unproduetivo land. If It had se«n, there would have been provision for the ppraisemont, by rental value or otherwise, of houses and grounds which are occupied as omesteads and for purposes of private enjoy- aaent and pleasure." Monday's rroce«dlne»- Before Mr. Guthrie bejran his argument Monday afternoon the chief jus- ice stated that in response to he suggestion of the attorney •eneral, which the court Tnter- ireted as virtually a motion for a ehearing-, the court had decided to >ermit counsel to go into all the ques- ions involved. He said the rehearing 1 md been dependent upon the presence if Justice Jackson, 'which ha4 DOW >een happily realized. . ' )• Constitutional Point Involved. Ir. opening his argument Mr. Guthrio assured all concerned that the counsel for the appellants in the present case would approach it in a spirit of the highest patriotism und with no desire for mere self-aggrandizement. He said that the question Involved was a constitutional one. The principal objection to the adoption of tho constitution by the people was the power of direct taxation und Jefferson did not hesitate to say that he wished that it had been entirely omitted. Ho quoted from many debates to show that ihe people did not understand or consider that the word "direct" in the Constitution applied only to capitation taxes and taxes directly on land. In view of the proof counsel earnestly submitted to the court ;hat it was clearly the intention and understanding of the framers of tho constitution and of the people who voted to udopt it ttiat the term "direct taxes" included & tax upon personal property and its incomes bs well an u tax on land and Income derived from Its ownership, No diUcrcnce in principle between the taxations of land and the tax- tiiion of personal property could bo suggested which was recognized In jurisprudence. Land had some use, irrespective of its income, but tho great body of personal property has no value whatever to its owner except by reason of tho Income arising therefrom. Logically, if taxes on rents, issues and prosit of real estate are equivalent to taxes on the land itself, and therefore, direct taxes, taxes on the income of personal property as such must bo equivalent to taxes on such property, and, therefore, direct taxes. Mr. Guthrie endeavored to show In an elaborate argument, or. several decisions in noted cases, that there was a concensus of opinion 10 prove on the purtot the government and people that there were only two objects of direct taxes, namely, a capitation tax and land tax, and that it was regardei as tho logical and necessary result of this that a tax on personal property or its increase and a tax on rents or the produce or Income of land was a duty or excise within tho meaning of the constitution. Didn't Suvo tho Nation. Speaking of tho income tax during tho war period, Mr. Gutlirle said tho nation wan not saved by tho lax. It was tho national credit that saved and preserved it, and upon thai alone could dependence in the future bo placed. Aot Should He Jtottliu-ttd Void. He conteidcd, as he did on tho previous argument; that tbc act ought to bo declared v because of its inequalities, and he again urged tho principal grounds then discussed. He submitted that the net should bo sent back to congress because It was arbitrary and unjust and In violation o* the constitution, !• iiviu'rt ;i Tax on Kentn. Assistant Attorney General Whitney, in bc- halr of ihe government, followed Kr. Guthrio. Ho made an argument in favor of Incomes from 1-ont.s being taxable. He said tho government would not again present uncumc.it on the question o£ municipal bonds. He did not suppose that any tax Ian- had over been enacted which made express mention of all possible exemptions. If such a requirement were to be applied, there would bo few valid laws. As to tho question of the exemptions of rentals of real estate, that was different. Tho government had hopes thiu this question could be so presented as to obtain a reversal of the former opinion. Ho contended that tho bills In these cases asltod for no special relief J.a oases ot rentals. " Ho contended that the direct taxes wero traceable to tho English land taxes and it was impossible to levy such a tax except by apportionment. Tho system of apportionment among countries \\'ns tho same in this country in tho early days ns in England. At this point Mr. Whitney was Interrupted by the adjournment of tho court for the day. WHAT JAPAN GETS. : nfty Million More Dollars iu Llnu of Llau I TUIIR I'enlnKula. : LOXDOST, May 7.—The Times Tues- j day says that it is reported that in j .consideration of Japan's abandonment ! of the Liau Tunjr peninsula she will ! receive an additional indemnity of S50,- : 000,000. ; Hose Koxo, May 7.—Five thousand troops have started from Canton for the Island of Formosa in order to suppress the anticipated opposition of the Black Flags to the occupation of that island by the Japanese according to the terms of the treaty of peace between China and Japan. Many of the troops are unreliable and liable to join the Black Flags. LONDON, May V.—The Morning Post commends Japan for yielding- to the demands of' the three powers and condemns Russia, Germany and JTrancefor acting 1 in their own interests and ignor- iufr Chi'ua. The Daily News ^ays: The coalition has made a deplorable mistake in coercing Japan, "but it is enough for us to know that we did not share tho mistake. BERLIN, Slay 7.—The Post says in a semi-official article: Japan has given fresh proof of her shrewd diplomacy by complying promptly with the friendly representations of the three powers. lier action is sure to receive ample recognition. ANOTHER BANK SCARE. Rumored Suspension ol Bank of Montreal Creatoi Excitement at St. Johus, >". F. ST. Jojixs, N. P., May 7.—There is another banking scare here. Monday nig-ht the story was circulated that the Bank of Montreal had suspended. The rumor was traced to a number of anti-confederation fanatics, who are constantly starting- damaging reports. But the people here were so" badly bitten in the late banking- disasters that the rumor was eapurly swallowed, and this morning- there is a run on every bank in the citv, causing- preat excitement. The managers all say they have an abundance of gold to meet any possible call, and it is expected that the panic will have subsided by evening-. l^osi of Bl.OOO.OOO hy Fire. BBASFORD, Pa., May T.—The losses from Saturday's fire at Glen Hazel wiH mount up to an enormous sum. They include a large sawmill owned by D. S. DolHver, of Ridfjeway, a lumber yard owned by Elias Deemer, of VFil- liamsport, together with 10,000,000 feet of lumber. The fire is thoug-ht to hav» been the- -work of an incendiary. The loss of lumber, coal .and freight revenue will not fall short of »,000,000. SEEDS SPROUT. Needed Rains and High Temperatures Favorable to Crops, Corn Planting Progressing Rapidfy— Condition of Winter Wheat—Fruit Prospects Excellent. CHICAGO, May 7.—Reports as to the conditions of crops throughout the countr\-, and the general influence ol weather on cultivation and growth oi crops, were made by the-directors oi the different state weather services Tuesday. The reports and synopsis telegraphed to Chicago are as follows: Illinois—Abnormally hlsh temperatures with rainfall lucking, excepting In west contra! unil nonbcrn sections. In thu latter heavy sbowors. Corn planting p-onresslnp rapidly In all sections, early piantlnjr up, pood stand and crow- Ing Uncly. Wheat, oats, rye, clover, timothy, potatoes and gardens In excellent condition in rain buic, otherwise growing .slowly; fruit setting unusually heavy* Indiana—Very warm sunny weather, only light local showers; crops advanced slowly, only heavier rales needed: much corn planted and coming up nicely; cut worms und army worms causing injury. Wisconsin—Plentiful supply o: rain received, which, with the high tomperaturo, caused nipld growth. Vegetation more advanced than usual for the season; jjralu'all sown and coming up nicely: corn and potato planting well alfir.tr; pastures in good condition and stock turned out. Minnesota—Abundant rains with ample warmth and sunshine have phenomenally advanced all vegetation; considerable flax and corn yet to be sown; oilier crops mostly all plumed; small Kraln and grasses have a Rood stand and healthy color; applo and pluin blotsoms plentiful. Iowa — The wccl: has been unseasonably warm with copious showers; corn planting, though delayed, is well advanced with increased acreage. Small grain crops, pastures und meadows show vigorous growth. North Dakota—Heavy rains in all parts of the state and warm weather have put crops In best condition possible and far ill advance of the season. Sou'-li Dakota—Frequent copious showers well distributed, with tcinperaturs considerably above normal, produced marked development and growth In all vegetation. Field crous, gardens, grass and fruit unusually advanced and all doing linely; injury from local hails slight. Kansas—Warm with good rain's in southern und eastern counties greatly improving all crop conditions. Much corn outside of rain limits not germinated, while grass and small grains are at a standstill and fruit is dropping. Nebraska—Warm, showery week, unusual ly favorable for the growth of all crops. Small grain generally excellent; rye beginning to head in southern counties; corn planting has made rapid progress and much of tho early planted is up aud in lino condition- Oklahoma—Drought broken by (,'eneral rains on tho 30th and 1st; temperature above and bunshlne Delov,- normal: most favorable .weelc of the season. Corn, eotton, grass and vegetables are doing well; line prospects' for fruit. .Xrltunsss—Jlost favorable weather of tho season for good germination and growth of vegetation. Cotton planting aboat Unished, most of It coming up to good stand. Corn, wheat, oats and grasses growing fust. More rain needed in north portion. Michigan—Dry and very warm week. Farm work far advanced for the season. Light scattered showers very beneficial, but more rain badly needed. Spring seeding nearly llclshed; corn planting beginning and potato planting becoming general. Missouri—Good rains except in southeast section and all crops greatly improved. Oats and winter wheat considerably damaged, by drought and chinch bugs in some counties, nut generally doing welL Corn coming up well; considerable complaint from cut worms. Ohio—Excessive warmth and dryness retarded growth of wheat, oats, grass, potatoes and tobacco plants. All cereals looking fairly •well, but needing rain badly; corn planting advancing, early planting and potatoes coming up. Excessive fruit bloom. Kentucky—Generally clear .and excessively •warm; light showers on the 3d and Oth. Perfect weather for all crops; wheat still Improving und oats and grasses in best condition. Damage from cut worms and army worms very serious In many localities, and much corn and many tobacco beds will have to bo planted again. " CHICAGO, May 7.— Mrs. Annie O'Neill, who was suspected hy the police of having- poisoned her two young 1 daughters, Annie and Laura, was proved innocent of the terrible cbarge by the statement of Drs. Mitchell and Linden, who performed the autopsy on tho body of little Laura 0'Neill and. found .that death was caused by heart disease and that there was co trace of poison in any of the organs. Indiana Election*. LA PORTE, Ind., May 7.—In the town elections held Monday in northern Indiana, the republicans were generally successful. A light vote was cast and while questions of party policy entered into the town campaigns, local issues predominated. Democratic gains are reported over the' vote of 1804. Returns at 0 o'clock' indicated that the republicans had carried eight towns and the democrats five. »w FeniilOD C'orntrnctJon. WASHINGTON, May 7.—The action of the pension bureau in construing the letral meaning of "dependence" under the act of June 27, 1390, has been reversed by Assistant Secretary of the Interior Reynolds, who says that by "adequate means of -snop >rt ! ' the law means a comfortable maintenance dur- ig the remainder of life. Hrlct tor Jlorder. BATTLE CBEEK, 3Iich., May 7.—A. C. Arnold, the millionaire, who was arrested for choking his son. to death last December, was held to the circuit court for trial Monday on the charge of murder in'the first degree. Ctah ComtltuUon Flnlihtd. SALT LAKE, Utah, ^lay 7.—The constitutional convention adopted the constitution as a whole and disposed of some minor business preliminary to adjournment, which it is expected -will take place Wedne*day. HOOSIER HAPPENINGS. Newa Briefly Told from Various Towns in Indiana. Death from Eating Onlonn. JEFPERBOICVLLLE, Ind., May 7.—AS a result of overindulgence in onions purchased from a huckster Herman Wilson, apod S years, died, and Elmer Wilson and Paul Mozier, two other children, are lying 1 at the point of death. During 1 the dav the children purchased several bunches of onions a ud procuring some salt ate voraciously. Almost immediatrClj- they were taken sick. The physicians think that poisou of some kind must hare become mixed with the vegetables. Town Election*. INDIANAPOLIS, Ind.. May 7.—Monday was the day for town elections throughout Indiana, marshals, trustees and clerks being voted for. The results received show the election of mixed and citizens' tickets in many places- Party lines were not tightly drawn as a rule. The Good Citizens' leng-ue influence resulted in many places in the election of tickets containing both democrats and republicans. A Woiuiin Mlftnlnff. WADAPH. Ind., May 7.—Mrs. John Lahr, living- a miles east of South Whitely, hasmysteriously disappeared. When fast seen she gave a letter to a grocer at Columbia, with whom s.ho had been trading, to hand to Mr. Lahr. The lottcr was delivered, but Lahr refuse" to divulge the contents, although admitting that his wife had said she had left him and would never again, see him. Contrnct Awarded. Ind., May 7.—The commissioners of Fulton county awarded tho contract for building- the new courthouse at Rochester to J. E. Xew- ton, of Logansport, for S7S.OOO. Bonds to the amount of SGO.OOO were issued by the commissioners and were purchased by a Chicago house for $65,225. Tho bonds run twenty years and bear 5 per cent. ' • 1-U-funed a Llconwe. TEKKE UAUTK, Ind., May 7.—Samuel Riley, a middle-aged farmer, with Ella Mount joy. a 10 year old, drove to this city from Marshall, 111., 'to be married, but the county clerk refused to issue a license. The couple left saying 1 they would go to some other county in search of a clerk who would overlook the would-be-bride's youth. To Mark Indiana Trlumplu. Ind., May 7.—The commission appointed by the governor tinder tno act of the legislature provid- Lng- for the erection of monuments on tho battlefield of Chickamauga, to designate the position occupied by Indiana troops, held a meeting and left for th« battlefield. A Merchant Fnlln. S', Ind., May 7.—Aaron Mossier, for thirty years a prominent merchant of this county, mode an assign-, merit for the benefit of his creditor!. with Meets of $20,000; liabilities un- kno^*Tl. Cincinnati and Chicago jobbers are the heaviest creditors. Bain Mav« th» Crop*. ELKHAHT, Ind., May 7.—A heavy rain f.cll here for nearly an hour. The condition of the crops was becoming critical, and the rivers here are as low ua they usually are in August. Such a condition is not known to have existed In fifty years, at least. Con ft«»« lilt Gollt. W ABASH, Ind., May 7.—Edith Eerr, aged 10, was assaulted by Edward Fox, acred 18. ut the home of her grandfather, Abraham Vandergrift, south of the city. Fox was arrested and confessed and said he was ready to serve liis sentence. Kol)l>om Loot a Knliway Stntlon. BKDFOED, Ind., May 7.—Burglars broke into the Monon .freight depot and blew open the safe, securing about $50 in silver. The agent had just sent away several hundred doK -< .luring the day that ho had been keeping in lie safe. Swallowed I'elleU unil Died. J-.eFFEB80>"VTLJUE, Ind., May 7.—Mrs. 'William Busey, of this city, left the medicine chest open and during- her absence her 4-year-old child swallowed a number of pellets filled with atropine, causing its death. 3t»rrlcd at Torre H»aU% TEBKB HAUTE, Ind., May 7.—Miss Mary McLinden, who gave her age an 20, and William Kutt, who said he wa* 24, eloped from Greencastle aod were married here. Dlnappolntod la LOTC. EDWABDSPOBT, Ind., May 7.—Ells- . worth Perkins, a farmer, disappointed in love, shot himself through, the heart and died instantly. BuJn by a Cloodbomt CHATTAXOOOA, Tenn-, May 7.—Dayton, Tenn., 38 miles north of here m the Cumberland Southern, is the. rictim of a destructive cloudburst, 'ollowed by haii and - wind. The .streets of the town are inundated, Che creek which runs through the town overflowed its banks and submerged all the surrounding- country. Two bridges ou the principal street, were washed away. Immense hail- tones Jell, breaking- glass in all tm- huttered windows and beating- dowik crops and fruit.

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