GREENSBURG DAILY NEWS Ten Pages Section One Mr. White Volume LXXI) SOUTHEASTERN INDIANA'S GREATEST NEWSPAPER Greensburg, Ind., jrjday^Aug. 13, UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL Per copy, 10#; corner, 45* week lswicNo.J82 Frank A. White ARE MINISTERS and church members, among the best people in the world, "looking the other way" in the face of an ugly war in Viet Nam that is killing American boys? My church has 2,000 members, a typical cross section of Hoosiers. It has three pastors doing a job any church would envy. Casually, a prayer is said now and then for leaders of our nation. However, I do not recall a single prayer for cream of the crop of American youth caught in the Gethsemane of an escalating war in Viet Nam. NOR DO I HEAR prayers for the 10,000 inmates of Indiana prisons, the 18,000 forgotten inmates of our mental institutions or the poverty stricken right here at home. We are apathetic and like to turn from ugly realities. We remain mute when everything Jesus Christ ever stood for is on the block in this struggle between atheistic Communism and the Christian philosophy of a free world. To remain mute is like holding a coat while Jesus Christ was stoned. MANY HOOSIERS, especially church folks, looked to the United Nations as the one big hope to bring a peaceful world. Four presidents hand-running and a big majority of our congressmen have repeatedly indorsed the U. N., as have a majority of Americans as shown by opinion polls. Yet, the U. N. in this escalating Viet Nam war. that could come to our back yards and be nuclear, is on the sidelines. The 20-year-old U. N. had trouble raising $108 million to stave off bankruptcy. There is an unsettled row over refusal of the Soviet Union, France and some others to pay peace keeping arrears of the U. N. PRESIDENT JOHNSON lashed out in his San Francisco speech against nations fomenting war and several of their representatives were seated around him. He did not, however, propose the U. S. leave the U. N. The U. N. today is different than when it was formed in 1945 with 50 nations. 7here are now 114 nation members. Some of these small member nations are really tribes, one jump from savagery. Red China with 625 million people is not a member. There are two Germanys, neither of which belongs to the U. N. MANY FOES OF the U. N. long have had closed minds and have not read objectively of the important achievements of the world body. It has stopped small wars and restored diplomatic breaks, on numerous occasions. It has definite limitations. We hear most often of the abuse of the veto power in the Security Council by the Soviet Union. It has been abused by the communist bloc no less than 100 times. However, a factual study of the U. N. will disclose the veto was not the invention of the Russians. No "great power" nation member would permit other nations to decide whether it went to war. Without the veto escape hatch the United States Congress would not have voted to sign the charter by a margin of 89 to two, and possibly not at all. TODAY, THE U. S. has moved unilaterally into the Dominican Republic and into Viet Nam in force, without consulting the U. N. The U. S. and Great Britain joined in an airlift to save hundreds of African refugees, without consulting the U. N. We are bypassing the U. N. and at present it is little more than a debating society. However, that is better than shooting at one another. The U. N. supplies intelligence of how other nations feel and are acting. We could not obtain this information even by spending double the amount we now devote to the CIA. BEHIND THE IGNORANCE of what was going on in the Pacific, Japan mounted the armed aggression that preceded Pearl Harbor. As for me, I am not ready to kill off the U. N. I think we should realize its limitations and dangers. Arthur Goldberg, a tough bargainer in labor disputes is our U. N. representative now. I feel he will not compromise: the U. S. A. before the U. N. i 256 Reds Killed Near Yank Base By MICHAEL T. MALLOY SAIGON (UPI) — A U. S. military spokesman today said Vietnamese forces backed by armor and planes killed an estimated 256 Viet Cong in heavy fighting amid the rice paddies and canals near an American base in the Mekong Delta 90 miles southwest of Saigon. The battle raged Thursday about 15 miles southwest of Can Tho, a base for American aid and military operations in the delta. It marked an abrupt change in eround action after weeks of comparative calm in the region. In the central highlands, meantime, American paratroopers and infantry fanned out around Pleiku posing their greatest challenge yet to the Communists to come out and fight. The Viet Cong avoided direct contact but made their presence known Thursday night by lobbing 10 81 mm mortar shells into the U.S. Special Forces Camp at Due Co, 35 miles west of Pleiku. There were no casualties. Saturate Area The Communists have saturated the area near the Cambodian border Intelligence reports said their ranks included elements of the 325th Infantry Division from Communist North Viet Nam. In fighting near Can Tho, the combined South Vietnamese army, Ranger, armour and regional forces killed at least 156 Communists in heavy ground fighting against elements of a Viet Cong battalion. U.S. and Vietnamese warplanes were estimated to have killed another 100. Casualties Reported In Saigon, the official Viet Nam press said a total of 411 guerrillas had been killed and six captured during the fighting around besieged Due Co. Communist pressure on the camip was relieved by the arrival Wednesday night of a strong government column which linked up with a Vietnamese airborne force outside Due Co. Back - up American forces were airlifted to Pleiku. T h e emergency airlift in the past few days marked the first time U. S. troops had been deployed (Continued on Past: Four) By United Press International SAIGON — American paratroopers and infantry patrolled the mountainous central highlands around .Pleiku. challenging the Viet Cong. Communist forces avoided direct contact but lobbed 10 81mm mortar shells into the U.S. Special Forces camp at Due Co, 35 miles west of Pleiku. No casualties were reported. WASHINGTON — The Defense Department said 551 American servicemen had died in action in Viet Nam since January, 1961. Five were killed this week. WASHINGTON — President Johnson received a new message on Viet Nam from President Ewame Nkrumah of Ghana, who wants to mediate between Communist Hanoi and Washington. Its contents were not disclosed. LOS ANGELES—Eight of the 10 living Nobel Peace Prize winners issued a joint appeal for an immediate political settlement and cease fire in Viet Nam. The war "charges the conscience of the world," they said. SAN DIEGO —Adm. U.S. G. Sharp, commander of the Pacific Fleet, confirmed that a Navy A4 Skyhawk attack bomber was downed Thursday by a North Vietnamese missile. Washington and Saigon officials had refused to say if a missile had knocked down the aircraft. Negroes at Chicago in An Uproar CHICAGO (UPI) — Hundreds of Negroes, angered when an undermanned fire truck killed a woman bystander, heaved rocks, bricks, bottles and Molotov cocktails for hours today around a west side fire station. Police were alerted for the possibility that ' demonstrators might mass in the predominantly-Negro area later today. A civil rights organization called ACT called for 3,000 pickets. Eighteen persons were arrested and seven persons were in-. jure"d before police could bring the uproar under control at around 2:30 a.m. CDT. Three firemen of the Hook and Ladder Co. 26 were suspended by Fire Commissioner Robert Quinn following the disturbance. Quinn acted because a fire truck, responding to a false alarm, swung out of the station without a tillerman to control the truck's unwieldy back portion. The zigzagging rear section hit the station door, then a fire hydrant and then a stop sign. The stop sign toppled over on Dessie Mae Williams, 23, killing her. Seek Integration The fire station- at 4000 Wilcox Street has been the scene of civil rights demonstrations for a month. Members of ACT have protested that the company's firemen are almost all white even though the neighborhood is Negro. Four persons were injured in a demonstration at the station last month. Following today's outbreak, ACT spokesman Joan Stoakley issued a statement saying "I strongly recommend that this situation be looked into within 10 days and have this fire station integrated in 10 days." Another ACT spokesman said picketing would continue until at least half the firemen at the station are Negroes. It was the first major violence associated with racial te- sions this summer in Chicago. Demonstrators have marched almost daily protesting alleged^ school segregation and close to~ 800 of them have been arrested (Continued on Pace Dick Gregory Shot in Leg— LA. Streets Littered After By WARREN WILSON LOS ANGELES (UPI) — A second major riot in two hot muggy nights was suppressed early today by police marching in combat formation. The skirmish in an eight - block Negro area erupted in pillaging, looting, assaults and shooting. A personal report by UPI newsman Warren Wilson, a Negro, who donned old clothes and mingled with the rioters, on Page 7. Two of the bloodiest melees in recent years in the city left more than 100 persons injured, including 13 police officers. Negro Comedian Dick Gregory was shot in the leg but returned to the scene within I hours to plead for calmness. ] "If enough people with common sense help they can stop this thing." the performer said. Police sealed off the area that is populated 99 per cent by Negroes and warned everyone '"especially Caucasians" not to go near and become targets for rioters. Extra police, four to a patrol car, cruised the littered streets. Mass Of Debris As the morning rush hour traffic clogged Imperial and Avalon boulevards bordering the area, the demonstrators had dwindled to scattered small bands that were dispersed by police only to slink down alleys and return to the street corners. The jeering, shouting rioters, throwing bottles, rocks or anything they could lift left the area a litter of debris and burned autombiles. No windows were left unbroken and hardly a single store escaped the looters who destroyed what they did not carry away. Sporadic rioting, looting, burning shooting and beatings were reported far into the early | morning hours after police . broke up most of the crowd | that was made additionally sen- | sitive by the fifth consecutive Jday and night of hot, humid j weather. Churches, stores, offices and | other buildings in the area jwere set afire throughout the long, ihot summer night and morning, police reported. Hard Core Dispersed However, the hard core of about 300 hoodlums and some 17.000 spectators were dispersed about midnight PDT by officers who marched in a phalanx through the streets of the Watts district. Gregory, who had gone into the riot hotspot Thursday night to try to help police restore order, was shot just above the left knee. Don Smith, chairman of the Coneress of Racial Equality (CORE), who was with (Continued on Page Two) RIOTING NEGROES BATTLE POLICE-This police-squad car was damaged as hundreds of rioting Negroes swarmed through an eight-block area in Los Angeles, battling police, damaging autos, smashing windows, and looting. The massive disturbance erupted when two white California highway patrolmen tried to arrest a drunken driving suspect. The second major riot hi two nights erupted in an eight-block Negro ghetto Thursday night. Valuations Climb To Record $37,681,410 BULLETINS GENEVA (UPI) — The West has completed its draft proposal for a treaty with Russia to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, official sources said today. They said the West expected Russia to reject the plan when it is submitted to the 17-nation disarmament conference because it does not call for scrapping of a NATO nuclear force. ATHENS (UPI —Former Premier George Papandreou, engaged in a bitter struggle for power with young King Constantine, appeared today to be losing parliamentary support. NEW YORK (UPI) — Dow Jones 1 p. m. CDT stock averages : 30 indus 888.44 up 6.48 20 rails 215.50 up 2.77 15 utils 155.12 off 0.36 65 stocks 312.93 u? 2.26 G!s Will Pay — Photo by Abrell. JUDGE WICKENS HONORED—Herbert Kohler, current president of the Decatur County Bar Association, presenting card bearing names and best wishes of those attending testimonial dinner in honor of Judge Hubert E. Wickens to the newly appointed Indiana Appellate Court judge as Judge John W. Goddard of the Decatur Circuit Court looks on. New Judge Is Honored By Lawyers Hubert E. Wickens, prominent local attorney who assumed new duties Aug. 1 as a judge on the bench of the Indiana Appellate Court, was honored at a testi- jnjjnial dinner Thursday evening at the Cabin Club, given by his colleagues in the Decatur County Bar Association. During the program that followed the steak dinner several members of the local bar association related humorous personal experiences they had had with the newly appointed Appellate Court judge in his 35 years' experience as a lawyer here, during which he attained statewide prominence. Those who sketched incidents involving the honored guest included Frank I. Hamilton, Herrod Carr, Leon Humbert, John Fitch, Karl Walker, Raymond Rolfes, Judge Wickens' son, Don Wickens, and Judge John W. Goddard, who concluded the affair with congratulations on behalf of the Deeatur County Bar Association for the honor bestowed upon one of its members. Judge Wickens responded briefly, expressing appreciation for the dinner and best wishes (Continued on Page Three) Sentencing Of Roberts Sought Nelson Roberts, 19, R. R. 8, Greensburg, appeared before Judge John W. Goddard in Decatur Circuit Court Friday morning following filing of a praecipe by Prosecutor Karl F. Walker, in which he asked for revocation of the two-year deferment of sentencing on Roberts' guilty plea June 2, 1964 to a charge of accessory after the fact of-second degree burglary. Statements were heard from the prosecuting attorney and counsel for Roberts and the matter continued. The prosecutor's praecipe stated Roberts was cited in Greensburg on a reckless driving count last July 16 and two days later was charged at Columbus with driving without an operator's license. Roberts, who was placed on probation for two years while sentencing was deferred, was charged in connection with a breakin at The Grill, restaurant and tavern here, May 3, 1964. Services Planned For Infant Son The infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Benjamine J. Holt, 132 West Central Avenue, was pronounced dead on arrival at Riley Hospital at Indianapolis late Friday morning. The baby was born at Memorial Hospital here Thursday. Arrangements will be announced by Gilliland-Howe FUT neral Home. WASHINGTON (UPI)—President Johnson is expected to sign before the end of the month a $1 billion measure to give servicemen their third pay raise in two years. The action would put into effect in September raises ranging from $9.90 a month for raw recruits to $120.90 a month for the Joint Chiefs of Staffs. It £.so would begin special bonuses for servicemen fighting in- South Viet Nam. Final congressional approval of the pay bill came Thursday with House approval of a Senate bill that more than doubles the pay raises Johnson requested. The measure grants an average 6 per cent increase to all officers and to enlisted men with less than two years' service, mostly draftees. Enlisted men with .more than two years would get an 11 per cent boost. Servicemen in Viet Nam or in any other combat zones would get free mailing privilege. The bill also increases the combat pay of men under fire in Viet Nam from $55 to $65 a month. In addition, the measure. includes $21 million Johnson requested to Ibegin a system which would allow enlisted men with critical skills to receive up to four times the normal reenlistment bonuses. In some cases the- sum could reach $7,848. 40 IN NEVADA NEW YORK (UPI) — The highest temperature reported this morning to the U. S. Weather Bureau, excluding Alaska and Hawaii, was 109 at Philip, S. D., and Blythe, Calif. The lowest reported this morning was 40 at Winnemucca, Nev. Washington Twp. Hike $1,723715 Net assessed valuation of all types of property in Decatur County has set a new record. Valuations established in 1965 will be payable in the form of taxes in 1966. Valuations by assessment as made in 1965 total $37,681,410 as :ompared to $35,348,405 in 1964. Due in large measure to industrial expansion and plant inventory, the net assessed valuation for Washington Township jumped from $8,628,780 in 1964 to $10,352,495 in 1965. This represented an increase of $1,723,715. The increase in the preceding year for Washington Township was $889,365. Ranking second in increase of net assessed valuations was Greensburg. The corporation assessment for 1965 is $8,489,435 as compared to $8,064,320 in 1964. The gain was $425,115 as compared to $308,465 a year earlier. Ten of the 16 taxing units in Decatur County showed gains, while there was a loss in assessments in six units. Lake Santee Factor Lake Santee in its preliminary development stages was a factor in an increase in assessed valuations in Fugit Township of $100,230. The Westport Corporation showed a gain of $59,310 in 1965, reflecting an expanded business tempo there. Saltcreek Township had a gain of $40,020. The increase in assessed valuations for Clay Township was $30,745. Decreases in assessed valuations for 1965 ranged from $30,845 in Jackson Township and $26,370 in Marion Township South to $280 in Mfllhousen Corporation. Unit 1964 Adams Twp. $ 2,315,860 Clay Twp. 2,885,380 Clinton Twp. 1,502,475 Fugit Twp. 2,271,585 Jackson Twp.' 2,165,965 Marion Twp.—N 943,600 Marion Twp.—S 1,320,890 Saltcreek Twp. 1,463,155 Sandcreek Twp. 2,053,750 Washington Twp. 8,628,780 Greensburg Corp. 8,064,320 Milford Corp. 61,250 Millhousen Corp. 129,830 New Point Corp. 214,470 St. Paul Corp. 402,780 Westport Corp. 924,315 Total $35,348,405 The net gain in the rural townships served by the Decatur County Community School Corporation was $8,260. Units had a total assessment of $17,880,265.' Embracing Marion Township North, Washington Township and Greensburg Corporation, the assessed valuation for the Greensburg Community School' Corporation is $1,861,445 higher for 1965 than in 1964. The totals are: $17,939,700 in 1964 and $19,801,145 in 1965. Effect on Taxes x-Due to the fact that first publication of tax budgets for school corporations was mandatory not later than Aug. 7, both school corporations based their proposed rates on 1964 valuations. The increase in assessed valuations for the Greensburg jSchool Corporation will have an effect on the final rate. The Greensburg Corporation, in order to prepare its tax budget, found it necessary to use the 1964 valuations. Those ' for 1964 were $8,064,320 as compared to $8,489,435 for 1965. The increase will likewise be reflected in the final tax rate established by the Greensburg Corporation. The valuation for the Town of St. Paul represents only the property in Decatur County. The net assessed valuations in Decatur County as made in 1965 are compare'd 'with ffibs'e of 'the preceding year: 1965 Gain or Loss $ 2,306,050 $ — 9,810 2,922,125 + 36,745 1,493,465 . — 9,010 2,371,815 + 100,230 2,135,120 — 30,845 959,215 + 15,615 1,294,520 — 26,370 1,503,175 + 40,020 2,081,085 + 27,335 10,352,495 +1,723,715 8,489,435 + 425,115 62,530 + 1,280 129,550 — 280 194,900 — 19,570 403,305 + 525 982,625 + 58,310 $37,681,410 $+2,333,005 Hot, Humid Weather Due By United Press International A blast of mid-August heat sent temperatures spuming toward the 90s in Indiana today. Forecasts indicated if it fails to do the job this afternoon, it will accomplish the goal Saturday. Highs ranging from 86 to 93 were forecast, and the weatherman appeared unsure of himself for he said it could reach 86-90 north and 86-93 central and south. After warm minimums ranging from 65 to 73, the mercury will climb to a range of 90 to 97 Saturday, with northern points just as likely as southern points to get the hottest readings. Humidity was not mentioned hi the forecasts for today or Saturday, but the outlook for Sunday said "hot and humid." . There was a chance of scattered 'thundershowers in the northern third of the state late Sunday, otherwise the forecasts called for sunny weather the next three days. Five-Day Outlook ..The five-day outlook indicated it may turn cooler Tuesday or Wednesday. But up to that time, temperatures will average 5 to 9 degrees above normal highs of 83 to 89 and normal lows of 60 to' 68. Precipitation will total one- fourth to one-half inch, coming as showers Monday or Tuesday and Wednesday. Highs Thursday ranged from 88 at Fort Wayne and Indianapolis to 86 at Evansyille and 87 at Louisville. Overnight lows this morning ranged from 59 at Lafayette and Indianapolis to 65 at Fort Wayne and 66 at South Bend. Heavy Rains Heavy rains soaked upstate New ..York and northern Vermont during the night. Massena, N.Y., in the upper St. Lawrence Valley was soaked with 1.85 inches of rain in six hours and nearly an inch fell (Continued on Page Four) WEATHER H'mon City 5 a. m 52 61 11 a. m :•. 81 81 Max. Thurs 82 83 Min. Thurs j 50 55 LATE WEATHER—Fair and hot this afternoon, tonight and Saturday. Low tonight 65 to 73. High Saturday in the 90s. Sunset today 7:44 p. m. Sunrise Saturday 5:56. Outlook for Sunday: Sunny, hot and humid. Lows upper 60s north to low 70s south. Highs low 90s north to mid 90s south. TONIGHT Pocahontas. Encampment (IOOF).
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