Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on February 17, 1964 · Page 7
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 7

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Monday, February 17, 1964
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Love in a castle — Part I Many ruts in royal road of romance for Irene EDITOR'S NOTE: Why do royal romances so often become stormy matters of state, as in the case of Hot- land's Princess Irene who has just become engaged to a Spanish prince? This is the first of three dispatches in which a noted correspondent who has been covering European royalty for many years reports on the pitfalls such lovers face. By ROBERT MUSEL United Press International LONDON (UPI) — Someday your son or daughter will come home with a prospective bride or groom. And providing the affianced is reasonably acceptable the wedding will take place in due course. That's the sweet simplicity of love in a cottage. But in a castle — ah, how complicated it all becomes Consider the case of Princess Irene, 24, daughter of Queen Juliana of Holland who fell in love with Prince Hugo Carlos de Bourbon Parma, 33, Carlist pretender to the throne of Spain. He is Spanish — and royal memories are longer and more bitter than those of the Hat- fields and the McCoys. Wasn't it the Spaniards who inflicted the council of blood on the Netherlands about 400 years ago? Wasn't it a Spanish gen eral who massacred the population of Naarden to a man? And sparkling along the cen furies of his distinguished lineage isn't that pulpy ancestor with the periwig Louis the XIV, the "Sun King" of France? Yes, indeed, and Louis warred against Holland with the same tenacity, if not the same ferocity, as the Duke of Alva. Short Period In History Spain was Catholic — so is Prince Carlos. Four hundred years is eternity to the average family but to a nation it is a riffle of pages in a history that (to Holland) comes into the written word with the campaign of Julius Caesar in 57 B.C. So the ancient antagonisms and suspicions simmer over a low flame ready to come to the boil at any time. And when Princess Irene left her Protestant faith to become a Catholic in December — the first in her family since her tight - lipped ancestor, William the Silent in the 16th Century — the heat was on. Princess Irene, one of thej four wholesome daughters of Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard, was, until recently, second in line to the throne be- Jhind her sister. Crown Princess I Beatrix, 26. She likes skiing. tennis, swimming and driving hot-rod automobiles but, being Dutch, she was a serious and useful side. She is a qualified interpreter in Spanish and licensed to practice before the Dutch courts. Left For Spain Last January 10 she left for Spain presumably to brush up on her Spanish but not, as far as the public knew, to concentrate so wholeheartedly on the verb "amar" — to love. Another fact not generally known at the time was that she had been received into the Catholic Church a month earlier by Bernard Cardinal Alfrink, archbishop of Utrecht. Forty per cent of the population of Holland is Catholic but the royal family has been staunchly Protestant since the 16th century and when news of the conversion broke on Jan. 29 the central council of the Dutch Reformed Church expressed its "deep regrets." Now there were reports that Irene was in love with a Spanish nobleman and that her conversion to Catholicism was part of this romance. This view persists despite denials. The Dutch cabinet keeps a vigilant, if benevolent, eye on its royal family and a government crisis began to build up over the obvious conclusion that it had been left out in the cold on important " developments. The conversion was one shock. Love with a Spaniard was another. Franco Not Popular The Franco regime is not popular in Holland. And the somewhat rightist politics of Prince Carlos conflict with the liberal beliefs of the Dutch On Feb. 4 Juliana broadcast to the nation as much as a mother as a queen. It was a moment of drama rare in the placid unfolding of Dutch public life. She said there had been "the happy possibility of an engagement .. .Unfortunately we must tell you our daughter, Irene, informed us this afternoon that this engagement will not take place." But within the next 48 hours Irene changed her mind — or had it changed for her. Prince Bernhard flew Juliana to Paris in a royal plane while the royal standard was still flying over Soestdjik palace which it is supposed to do only when the queen is in residence. When the cabinet discovered where the royal pair were it demanded they return — which they did. The next day came the stunning announcement that Irene was going to marry the man after all. But if the princess and her suitor thought true love would now find a way over all obstacles they were wrong. It isn't that simple in the rarifled brackets of royalty as many can testify including King Edward VIII of Britain and his niece, Princess Margaret, sister of Queen Elizabeth. As win be seen. U.S. faces decisions Smog device ends gases without affecting engine LOS ANGELES — Crankcase smog devices will eliminate harmful blowby gases, but do not affect engine performance according to officials and engineers of the State Motor Ve hide Pollution Control Board. More than 200,000 smog devices already have been installed on used cars, trucks and buses in California with a minimum of complaint, it was announced here this week by Donald A. Jensen, MVPCB Execu^ tive Officer. These devices were tested! for millions of miles before they were finally approved,' Jensen said. "When the devices are properly installed and maintained, the average motorist will never notice any difference in engine performance. "Most 1961-64 model American-made cars in California have the devices. They operate effectively when checked regularly. "As a matter of fact, the device will not only eliminate crankcase blowby gases, buti~.'~ r "y wm keep the crankcase cleaner I At (he beginning o{ }m the prevent oil sludging, and add\ Frach leader already was to gas mileage. I sharply at odds with Washing- De Gaulle challenges US leadership of West Redlands Daily Facts Monday, Feb. 17, 1964 - 7 EDITOR'S NOTE: This is another in the series on "Great Decisions of 1964" in American foreign policy. The author has been chief European correspondent for United Press International for the past decade and has covered France since before World War II.) By JOSEPH GRIGG United Press International PARIS (UPI) — President Charles de Gaulle of France has flung down a global challenge to United States leadership of the West. He no longer is merely blocking the late President Kennedy's dream of an Atlantic community led by the United States. By recognizing Red China De Gaulle has set himself on a collision course with the United States that is likely to span the Next: Alarms in high places Jensen said the only com plaints stem from improper installations of devices by installers who fail to follow manufacturers' instructions. This could cause stalling or rough idling, he said. Jensen noted that some used car dealers are attributing all engine faults to the crankcase device. "This is just a way of escaping their own responsibility," Jensen said. "A crankcase de vice cannot 'cure' worn rings, sticking valves, poor timing, or a dirty carburetor." Jensen said that competition among the nearly 6,000 authorized installers in California has trimmed the price for the devices from an original announced minimum of $15 to $12.75 installed at some shops. BEATLES AT REST: Ringo Sure with, telephone and George Harrison, John Lennon. and Paul McCartney standing (left to right). Ask Steve, the Bellboy: Beatles really lovely boys By DICK KLEINER Newspaper Enterprise Assn NEW YORK — (NEA) Steve, a slim, elderly bellboy with no teeth and a north-of- England accent, had just fin ished delivering some copies of music magazines to the Beatles. As he left the closely guarded 10-room suite where the four fads were in residence, Steve remarked: "Ahn't them loovely boys?' And the odd, unexpected thing is that they appear to be precisely that — lovely boys. Steve fondled the spent cork- tip of a cigarette. One of The Beatles had offered him a smoke. He had smoked it with them, at their insistence, chatting about England as they puffed in camaraderie. Now Steve was reluctant to throw away the tip, as he commented on their down-to-earth friendliness. The Beatles are a far cry from what you might expect from their sound and furry appearance. In the quiet of their room, they are relaxed, polite, soft-spoken. Their gentlemanly ways contrast sharply with their large shaggy heads and their way-out wardrobe. And their willingness to face reality is refreshing. They have no illusions about themselves or their art John Lennon, who looks almost intellectual when he puts bis glasses on and fixes you with his bright brown eyes, says they know they are a fad. They have no idea how long the fad'will last, how long the, public (mostly teen-age girls) will shriek, every time they shake their heads, how long they will command the staggering fees they now get to appear on the Ed Sullivan Show or fly to Australia, to work in a top Paris club, to sign with Capitol Records or to make movies for United Artists. All they know for sure is that they now have enough money to live comfortably for the rest of their lives. "We even have trouble spending money," says Ringo Starr the drummer with the perpetual look of surprise. "Since we've been here, we can't spend any thing — they won't take our money. We were all set to bring back lots of records, but they keep giving us records. They pick up the check at restaurants. We haven't cashed one travelers' check." They insist that when they set out, back in Liverpool, to form a singing group they didn't deliberately plan the gimmicks which brought them fame and fortune. "First it was John and me," says Paul McCartney. "We were with two other fellows and we called ourselves 'The Quarrymen,' after our school. Then one of the others left and George (Harrison) joined, and we called ourselves "The Rainbows' — we couldn't afford to buy shirts, so we wore our own and they were all different colors — like a rainbow." It was John who thought of the name Beatles — a pun on the black insect (they all prefer dark clothes, have dark hair) and the beat music they prefer. The haircuts — or lack of them — also came about gradually. John and Paul noticed a French musician with a similar coiffure on a trip to Paris. They thought it looked interesting. So they tried to copy it. By the time Ringo joined the group, the other three were used to their carefully unkempt ("It's hard to believe, but we have to have regular trims") hairdos. Before Ringo was invited in, he had to. agree to shave off his beard and let his short hair grow long. The four, a unit for almost four years, first caught on in Hamburg, Germany. Then their home town went for them. About a year ago, they realized that they were caught in an unexplainable tornado. They had to decide — ride it out for all it was worth, or have private lives. They stayed with the tornado. They have no private Sves now. John Lennon, the only married Beatle, can't even remember how long he has been a husband because he so seldom gets to see his wife. But they do have vast sums of money coming in to their firm — Beatles, Ltd. — every hour. They were nervous about their first trip to America, since this was where the music they sing originated. "But," says Paul, "as soon as we got off the plane and saw those screaming girls, we weren't worried any more. It had taken us a couple of years to get them like that in England." Goldwater chairman in each county LOS ANGELES (UPI)—Chairmen for each of California's 58 counties have been appointed in the Goldwater for President state organization, William F. Knowland, state chairman, announced today. Bernard C. Brennan, who has been co-chairman of the Los Angeles County Committee behind Sen. Barry Goldwater's drive for the Republican Presidential nomination, was named state campaign director. In an apparent reference to another GOP nomination aspirant, Gov. Nelson Rockefeller of New York, Knowland said: "We cannot match dollar power with the opposition, but no] amount of Eastern dollars can cope with the heat force of dynamic thousands of dedicated Goldwater volunteers." Knowland claimed the Arizona senator's "ground swell of support is building up steam." ton on nuclear policy, trade, the future of the Atlantic AUi ance and the whole value and purpose of the United Nations On Jan. 27 he announced France had established diplomatic relations with Red China Four days later at a news conference, he demanded neutralization of Southeast Asia in the East-West power struggle. Challenge To SEATO This meant a challenge to the very existence of SEATO, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization — the alliance drawn by the United States to stem com munism in the Far East. Then, early in February, De Gaulle rejected almost disdain fully the idea of France joining British and American forces in keeping order in Cyprus. Soon De Gaulle may throw down another challenge in La tin America, to which he has scheduled two trips this year. This time his weapons will be French cultural links with the Latin world, coupled with offers of economic aid and—in the background — the traditional Latin American obsession with "Yankee imperialism." Why has De Gaulle provoked a head-on policy collision with the United States by establishing relations with Red China? In his Jan. 31 news conference he listed several reasons — the fact the Peking regime has been the effective govern ment of the Chinese mainland for more than 15 years, the impossibility of ignoring indefinitely a nation of 700 million people and the impossibility of neutra lizing Southeast Asia without agreement with Red China. "Is there any need to say," De Gaulle told his news conference, "that as far as we are concerned this decision implies not the slightest degree of approval of the political system which dominates China at the moment? De Gaulle stressed that one of his main considerations was I hat neutralization of Southeast Asia could only be achieved with Red China's agreement. "Without her," he declared "any agreement for the possi ble neutrality of the states of Southeast Asia, to which we French are particularly cordially attached, would be absolutely inconceivable." "In following many other nations in establishing official relations with this state — as she has done with many other countries subjected to a similar regime — France simply recognizes the world as it is. She be-, lieves that sooner or later cer-| tain governments which still] hang back will consider it right to follow her example." Neutrality Is Solution "Neutrality," he added, "is the sole solution compatible with the peaceful life and progress of their populations." With these words De Gaulle made it clear that his policy challenge confronts the United States not only in Europe or the Atlantic area, but that it now is a global one. But already it was clear that the Kennedy dream of an Atlan tic community had bogged down and that its chances of getting off the ground in 1964 were slim. The vision held out by the late president in bis Paulskircbe speech at Frankfurt last June of a vast military, political and economic association of 470 million people in the United States, Canada and Western Europe has failed to set the free West ablaze. De Gaulle opposes it actively because it conflicts with his own "grand design" of a French-led Europe free from "domination" by either the United States or Russia. The question today is not so much whether the dream of an Atlantic community can become reality in the near future but whether the existing Atlantic Alliance can survive. The Atlantic Alliance at the beginning of 1964 is in political, if not military, disarray. Troublesome Issues At their North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) council session in December the ministers of the 15 member nations agreed, more or less by common accord, to sweep under the carpet all the troublesome issues dividing the alliance. Among them were: —Nuclear policy. The United States and West Germany still are pushing ahead actively with a plan sponsored originally by Kennedy for a mixed-manned Allied nuclear force of surface ships equipped with Polaris missiles. The British are lukewarm and will avoid any decision until after their forthcoming genera! elections. De Gaulle has rejected it outright. —East-West trade. The United States and most other NATO members want agreement to ban long-term trade credits to the Communists. The British insist on trading in any manner that suits them except in banned strategic goods — witness the buses to Cuba deal — and recall that the United States has agreed to sell more than $80 million worth of wheat to the Russians. — The problem of the so called nuclear "pause." The United States believes if the Soviets attack in Berlin or along the Iron Curtain frontier, the West should resist at first only with "conventional forces, until it becomes clear whether all-out thermonuclear war is inevitable. De Gaulle re mains wedded to the policy of immediate massive nuclear retaliation advocated by the late U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles which until recently.v.had been official NATO policy since 1956. Na Agreement None of these troublesome problems was tackled at the December NATO council session in Paris and none is any where near agreement. Yet these are far from being all the issues that split the West. De Gaulle continues to pursue an odd-man-out lone wolf policy on almost every major question. He has rejected the 1963 Mos cow nuclear test ban agreement, announced his determin ation to continue French nuclear testing in the atmosphere and proclaimed his intention of rushing completion of an independent French nuclear force, regardless of his Allies' objections. He continues to boycott the Geneva disarmament talks refuses to have any part in discussions with the Soviets aimed at reduction of East- West tensions, and maintains bis veto on British membership in the European Common Market Yet aides insist that, though De Galle may be a "difficult' or "troublesome" ally in times of peace, he will be a most loyal Western Alliance member any time the chips are down. They recall that at the height of the Cuban crisis in 1962 De Gaulle was the first Allied leader to pledge unconditional sup port to the United States in case of a thermonuclear war with the Soviets. Embroiled With Friends Yet, in Europe, De Gaulle has embroiled himself constantly with his friends. In his New Year's Eve broadcast to the French nation De Gaulle proclaimed once more his determination to press for European political as well as economic unity. But he shows no sign of backing down on the stand which had deadlocked political unity talks for nearly two years. Instead of the closely integrated political union—a major step towards a United States of Europe sought by West Germany, Belgium and The Netherlands— De Gaulle has vetoed anything more drastic than a loose federation of sovereign national states. It is clear that De Gaulle will not allow the bogged down talks to resume except on con­ ditions of his own making. Looming perhaps even more importantly behind all this is De Gaulle's proclaimed determination to free Europe from what he describes as American "domination." In the forthcoming so-called "Kennedy round" of tariff-cutting talks in Geneva next spring De Gaulle can be counted on to take an uncompromisingly tough stand against any concessions that would open European markets further to American industrial and farm exports. Free Europe A Dream In fact, a Europe free of any form of American military, political and economic "domination" has become a dream— perhaps even an obsession — with De Gaulle. . His overriding ambition is to weld Western Europe into a powerful, self-contained bloc under French leadership — militarily, politically and economically. Only when this is completed would he be willing to try to work out some form of permanent association with the United States in which Europe — no longer dependent for its defense on American nuclear power — would deal with ths United States as an "equal." Another hope is to work towards a similar agreement — perhaps 10, 15 or 20 years from now — between an "independent" Western Europe and Russia. Those are the dreams on which De Gaulle's "grand design" is built. But they are dreams that would rule out the Kennedy vision of a vast Atlantic community, including the United States and Canada. Many Western officials ask whether the Atlantic Alliance itself can survive these pressures. PLUMBING C01 % 792-3360 ^%,520 TEXAS ST. REOLANDS.CAUF. INTERNATIONAL FAIR and SALE ORANGE SHOW GROUNDS Cafeteria Building, San Bernardino MON. — FEB. 17th 9 a, m. to 6 p. m. TUES. — FEB. 18th 9 ». m. to 9 p. m. FROM AROUND THE WORLD AND AROUND THE NATION. This showing Happens Only 4 Times a Year ... If You Sew and Want the Finest Clothing at Lower Than Yardage Prices. Hurry to See ThisI • COTTONS • WOOLENS • SILKS • RAYONS • LINENS • ACETATES • DACRON-POLYESTER Thousands of fabrics in various weaves and fibers PUBLIC NOTICE The materials shown are gathered from manufacturers of fine clothing and represent sample cuts and rolls sent to them by mills, designers, couturiers, and importers. The materials come from around the world and around the nation. Most are never sold to retail stores and many represent only one 3. 4, 5 or IO-yard sample cut in existence. Our contracts of supply permit us to show only 4 times a year in this area. YOU MAY SHOP FOR THE ENTIRE YEAR AT ANY ONE OF THESE SHOWINGS. VISIT THE COUTURIER IMPORT SECTION NEW MATERIALS ALL DAY NEW SELECTION EACH DAY BRING YOUR SEAMSTRESS BRING YOUR PATTERNS BRING YOUR FRIENDS FIRST QUALITY ZIPPERS ALL SIZES IMPOKTID AND DOMESTIC TRIMMINGS VALUES TO S1.00 YD. Value* te J4.9S-tf.95 60" WIDE WOOLENS *1.50 mup Foreign and Domestic 1000'sOF SAMPLES 3, 4, 5 and 10-yd. One-of-a Kind ALL FIRST QUALITY AND 100% MONEY-BACK GUARANTEED NO LIMIT — NO RESERVE VALUES TO S1.29 YARD 45" MATERIAL 4 yards $1.80 VALUES TO S2.49 YARD 45" MATERIAL YARDS $ 2.80

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