•Daily IFacts Page 10 REDIANDS, CALIFORNIA FEBRUARY 75, 1964 What is a school district? In proposing the formation of countyuide school districts in California, Assembly Speaker Jesse Unruh seeks to eliminate duplications that occur where there are many small districts. The ultimate aim, he says, is efficiency with more money being directed to education itself. Mr. Unruh, and many others, are justifiably impatient with the unification movement which was supposed to bring about the consolidation of many existing districts. Indeed, the unification plan has even worked in reverse in many instances. Here, Redlands Union High School District essentially became two — Redlands and Yucaipa. In the West End, Chaffey High School District was split into two. From a dollar-and-cents view, alone, this makes no sense and is beyond the understanding of someone who can think only in terms of accountancy. What the efficiency experts leave out of their consideration is the sentiment of the people who live in the districts, pay a great deal for their support, and send their children to the schools. In their minds a school district is not an economic institution having for its purpose the production of education for the lowest cost per child. Rather the people generally have the notion that the school system is one of their most important community institutions. It is a basic agency in which people share values and find ground for working together in many ways. The school district is an entity to which they can be loyal and with which they can find personal identity. When efficiency minded legislators and administrators try to force a school district into a mold that is not wanted by the citizens in it, the unification results in failure. . . or splitting one district into two. The nature of this kind of reforming would be more clearly understood if it took the form of trying to consolidate cities. . . say Col ton and San Bernardino. . . or of destroying the identity of Upland by merging it into Ontario. What has been wrong with the unification movement so far is the failure of the reformers to understand the full nature of the entities they are dealing with. The countywide districts proposal is an aggravated form of unification, still blind to the community meaning of a school distinct. Galileo: World architect February 15 marks the 400th anniversary of the birth of the man who may justly be called the architect of the modern world: Galileo Galilei. Before him, science was little advanced beyond the stage reached by the Greeks, whose notions about many things were as mistaken as they were revered and unchallengable. Science was a branch of philosophy and knowledge was gained by "pure" reason, by applying the rules of logic to observed facts. Galileo added the leavening factors of experimentation and direct investigation to found the the modern scientific method. An insatiable curiosity about the world around him inspired all his work. He had to touch, to measure, to see for himself — and he saw things no man before him ever had. It is almost impossible today to appreciate the shock that Galileo's discoveries caused in the late medieval world. True, Copernicus 20 years before Galileo's birth had taken the earth from the center of the universe and replaced it with the sun, but this theory was given little credence. Each finding of Galileo jolted a hallowed belief. All bodies fell at the same rate of speed; the sun was not a perfect thing but was marred by spots on its face; the moon was covered with mountains and craters; the earth was not the center of all things because Jupiter had at least four moons that revolved about her; the Milky Way contained'stars man could not see (thus exploding the ancient belief that the stars existed for the glory of man); finally, the earth tuned about its axis. For such heresies, especially the last, the full weight of orthodoxy was brought to-bear upon Galileo. At 69, under threat of torture by the Inquisition, he publicly recanted. Legend says he muttered under his breath: "Eppur si muoveJ" — "Nevertheless, it (the earth) moves!" But it was Galileo who had moved the earth out of centuries of dark ignorance into the light of knowledge. Standing on Galileo's shoulders, Newton later saw more deeply and clearly into the universe, and after Newton, Einstein. All those who have followed Galileo have built upon his work, as will all those to come. The office grouch says he would give up smoking, except that the whole idea smacks of me-tooism. Of the two big New Hampshire events, the sweepstakes and the presidential primary, the former is of more solid value to the winner. Galileo (1564-1642) With a Grain Of Salt By Frank and Bid Moore By BILL MOORE MUNICH. Germany — Radio Free Europe continues its important role of broadcasting the voice of the free world to the five satellite nations. Poland, Hungary. Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria and Roumania. At RFE headquarters here in Munich we chatted with David Grozier, public relations chief, who says that from letters and from interviews with persons who return from behind t h c Iron Curtain it is shown that there is a growing audience for RFE broadcasts. This is important because Radio Free Europe, a non-governmental undertaking, is vital to the West in the battle of ideas. The money that Redlanders and others give to support this institution is indeed well spent. RFE is well organized, well directed and serious in its attempt to do its job. More than 1,000 people arc employed in the big building in Munich's Englischer Gardens preparing and broadcasting the programs in the five languages of the Iron Curtain countries. At the daily 10 a.m briefing of the chiefs of the five departments we heard discussions of chinks in the armor of the satellite countries. According to the Czech expert 33.000 administrative employes in Czechoslovakia had lost their jobs due to a governmental shakcup. Rents were to be increased and restrictive measures put on social security. High pensions will he reduced and student aid cut. Drugs will no longer be free, but a small fee must be paid. Factories will not be allowed to subsidize their "cantinas." (i.e no more free coffee breaks.) Price of food is going up. especially of meat. All of this is being done in a move to bring on a deflation. Another Czech expert observed that Czechoslovakia has a progressive income tax on pensions. A point was made of the fact that the Communists in Holland were to hold open discussions of the ideological conflict between the Soviets and the Chinese. R- FE was particularly interested in this because it showed that the French, Dutch and Belgian communists have split with the Italians and Swedes in the ideological conflict. This type of thing is evaluated after the daily policy meetings so that RFE editorial commentary can exploit conflicts and any signs of weakness in t h c communist world. To delve deeper into the Soviet agricultural crisis we interviewed an RFE expert. He had spent 3'i years in the Soviet Union in the 1930s as a farm adviser. This was during the time that the Soviets invited American experts to come there and many did go including representatives of some of the big companies. "The Russians like to eat and drink and being overweight is common," the expert noted. "Food is adequate, but monotonous being mainly carbohydrates and short on dairy products, meats and fruits. After 40 years of promises the peole are demanding a better diet and Khrushchev is trying to find the answer. "W h i I c Khrushchev is a knowledgeable agrarian, he is confronted with a system of built-in inefficiencies. Socialized agriculture is a failure. Because of crop failures 21-million pigs were slaughtered this year in excess of the normal number." We inquired about the chemical factories that Khrushchev plans as a source for fertilizer to make the land produce more. The expert said that it would take a lot of factories and a lot of doing. A lot more than is going to be accomplished in a short period of years. "Ameri- Johnson in trouble with newsmen By Doris Fleeson AWFULLY WHACKY, BUT IT CERTAINLY WOWS'EM! Redlands Yesterdays FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest G4, lowest -13. Carl Sandburg, famed poet- author, visits Lincoln Shrine in Redlsnds while in town to speak at UR chapel tonight. He is a liouscguest of the F. S. Brom- bcrger family. Redlands rainfall still only half of normal despite another .58 inch storm. Skiers dismayed when latest storm turns to rain, even in the mountains. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 65, lowest 36. County officials reject proposal that Wabash avenue be extended far enough south to intersect Highway 99. Robert G. Stockham and G. R. Rees enter race for City Council scats. Navy awards Gil! Electric a contract for 3S00 aircraft batteries, reports Sen. Thomas Kuchcl. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 70, lowest 34. Dr. Sidney Milbank presented the coveted Elks citizenship award for his many services to the community and particularly in connection with scouting and traffic safety. Chamber of Commerce President Roy Sine urges a vigorous community effort to attract more industry here. George Ruddell appointed a patrolman on Redlands police department by Chief A. O. Peterson. can farms use 5'i times as much fertilizer per acre as the Russians. Bringing Russian farming up to our standards isn't going to be done overnight. In the meantime Russia will have to continue to resort to imports to feed her population." This expert is but one of many who study all phases of life behind the Iron Curtain so that Radio Free Europe can be well informed in waging its war of ideas. It is a tremendous project, but one that through t h e years is having its effect. RFE is as important as the American tanks that sit just back from the border in West Germany for in its accomplishments may well lie the key to the future of freedom in the Western World. TELEVISION SATURDAY EVENING 5:00— 2—Movie 5—.Movie 7—Wide World of Sports 11—Cinnamon Cinder 5:30—11—Top Star Bowling 5:50— 3—News 6.00— 4—News and Sports (c) 9—Abbott and Costello 13—Rocky & His Friends 6:30— 4—News Conference (Cj SUNDAY EVENING . ...... 5.00—2—Alumni Fun 3:30— 7—Conversations 9—Golden Tec (C) 4.00— 2—One of a Kind 4—World of Golf (C) 7—Press Conference 13—Robin Hood 4:30— 7—Science All-Stars 5— Boots and Saddles 13—Movie 5—Jimmic Rodgers 7—Edie Adams 3—Our Miss Brooks II—Movie 13—Bourbon St. Beat 6:45— 2—News 7:00— 2—Sea Hunt 4—Survey '64 (C) 5—Jack Barry 7—Have Guu — Will Travel 9—Movie 7:30— 2—Jackie Glcason 4—Lieutenant 7—Hootenanny 13—Deadline 8:00— 5—Leave it to Beaver 11—Wrestling 13—Movie S:30— 2—Bing Crosby 4—Joey Bishop (c) 5—Movie 7—Lawrence Wclk 9—Movie 9:00— 4—Movie (C) 9:30— 2—Phil Silvers 7—Hollywood Palace 10:00— 2—Gunsmoke 5—Dan Smoot 11—News, Sports 13—Movie 10:05— 9—Movie (C) 10:15— 5—Manion Forum 10:30— 5—Movie 7—Movie 11—Naked City 11:00— 2, 4—News 11—Movie 11:15— 2—Movie 11:30— 4—Movie 13—News 11:45—13—Movie SUNDAY DAYTIME 9:00— 2—Learning '64 5—Adventist Hour 7—Movie 9—Movie 11—Movie 13—Variedades 9:30— 2—Discovering Art 4—Christopher Program 10:00— 2—Movie 4—This is the Life 5—For Kids Only 11:00— 2—News 13—Panorama Latino 4—News, Sports 10:30— 4—Frontiers of Faith 5—Open End 7—Movie 11—Under Discussion 9—Ladies of the Press 13—Movie 4—Wild Kingdom (C) 5—Blue Angels 7—Trailmastcr 9—Movie 11—Movie 5:30— 2—Amateur Hour 4—G-E College Bowl 5—Invisible Man 6:00— 2—Twentieth Century 4—Meet the Press (C) 5—Polka Parade 7—Movie 13—Rocky & His Friends 6:30— 2—Mister Ed 4—Biography 9— Maverick 11—Movie 13—Rod Rocket 7:00— 2—Lassie 4—Bill Dana 5—Movie 13—Outlaws 7:30— 2—My Favorite Martian 4—Disney's World 7—Jaimic McPheeters 9—Movie 8:00— 2-Ed Sullivan 13—Mike Hammer 8:30— 4—Grindl 7—Arrest and Trial 11—Bold Journey 13—Ski Show 9:00— 2—Judy Garland 4—Bonanza (c) 5—Mr. Lucky 11—Boston Symphony 13—Operation Success 9:30— 5—It is Written 9—Bus Stop 13—Dan Smoot 9:45—13—Capitol Reporter 10:00— 2—Candid Camera 4—Paris: High Fashion 5—Freedom University 7—Movie (C) II—News, Sports 13—Bitter End 10:30— 2—What's My Line? 5—Business Opportunities 9—Movie 11—Opinion in the Capital 13—News (C) BERRY'S WORLD "Daddy, when our guests leave, premise not to say, 'Tall hunch back, heoh?'!" 13—Faith for Today 11:00— 4—Movie 9—Our Miss Brooks 11—Wonderama 13—Church in the Home 11:30— 2—Sum & Substance 5—Home Buyers Guide 9—Movie (C) 12:00— 2—Capitol Hill 7—Challenge Golf (C) 13—Oral Roberts 12:25— 2—News 12:30— 2—Face the Nation 4—Journey of Lifetime 5—Movie 13—Social Security in Action 12:45—13—Film Feature 1:00— 2—Viewpoint 4—Ethics (C) 7—Discovery '64 11—Movie 13—Voice of Calvary 1:15— 9—News 1:25— 9—Gold Tips 1:30— 2—Los Angeles Report 4—Brotherhood in Action 7—Issues & Answers 9—Movie 13—Cal's Corral 2:00— 2—Insight 4—Tales of the West (c) 5—Auto Races 7—Directions '64 2:25— 2—News 2:30— 2—Sports Spectacular 4—College Report (C) 7—Kings Highway 2:45— 7—Film Feature 3:00— 4—Sunday 7—Navy Log 11—Tucson Open 3:15— 9—News 3:25— 9—Golf Tips 11:15— 2—Movie 11-30— 4—Movie Teletips TOP SHOW: — 8:30. Chan. Bing Crosby Special his second of the season. Guests on the musical-variety hour include Bob Hope, Kathryn Crosby, Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra, Rosemary Clooney, Peter Gennaro. 7:30 — Chan. 4. The Lieutenant. "Green Water, Green Flag". Lt. Rice meets an old adversary just when the captain's illness places him in command of maneuvers. 9:30 — Chan. 7. Hollywood Palace. Dale Robertson is host. Performers include Red Buttons, Jane Morgan, Vic Damone, Half Bros. Zony and Claire, the Four Amigos and the Harrison family. 10:00 — Chan. 2. Gunsmoke. A girl travels hundreds of miles by mule to make good on a marriage pact. WASHINGTON - President Johnson's inordinate sensitivity to press criticism led him into an effort to deal with reporters individually. He knows now it was a mistake. As a wise old editor once remarked, individually reporters are charming, collectively they are a damn nuisance. A President must deal with them collectively no matter how many personal friends he has among them or how many he seeks to make. The complaints now being aired by reporters are a natural part of the change of regime from John F. Kennedy to Lyndon B. Johnson. The two could not be more different in personality, style and background. But Democratic nominee Kennedy chose his Texas V i c e- President to help carry the South and because he admired Johnson's demonstrated abilities. The late President's insistence that the Vice-President should be someone able to be President takes on some new dimensions these days. Attorney General Robert Kennedy has disclosed that his brother, the President, was often in deep pain he would not allow to show. Anyone who watched President Johnson deliver his State of the Union message against a backdrop of the aged statesmen next in line now must be grateful for John Kennedy's prescience and sense of responsibility. A check of politicians close to the operations of the government shows that they are giving the new President high marks on both domestic and foreign policy. Most of them today expect thai he will be re-elected. State and Defense Department officials say he gives them more time than President Kennedy did but this would be natural, as Kennedy had the self- confidence of three years in office. They also praise the new head of state for recognizing that he must keep abreast of the swift pace of foreign affairs. They say the hour is never too late to get his ear and full attention to developments. The Johnson working habits come as no surprise to reporters who covered him at the Capitol. He never spared himself, his staff or the reporters waiting for the news. Relatively very few were then involved. The situation now is different because he has become the most powerful man in the world. For there are technical limitations on the ability of the men and women in communications to funnel the day's grist to the world public. Their servitude to deadlines carries over in part to the President if he is to give his actions maximum impact. The foreign press corps feels that the Johnson informality and avoidance of general press conferences make its task more difficult and its grievances are a legitimate aspect of his foreign policy responsibility. The complaints arc probably largely outdated. Arty man who reads and winces as much as the President has got the message that a second effort is indicated. It will be hard for him because what is involved is a deeply personal reaction, long indulged. The President and the press will learn to live together. They always have though some enjoy it more than others. Even President Kennedy, with whom reporters felt an affinity — he was a writer, too — said that since he took office he w a s reading more and enjoying it less. Any President could do worse than adopt it as a motto since few are able, as was Calvin Coolidgc. to resist the lure of reading their own names in print. (Copyright. 1964. by U n i t e d feature Syndicate, Inc.) ASSIGNMENT: West Tucson . . . From barren desert to modern concrete By Neil Morgan One Minute Pulpit Whoever receives one such child in my name receives me. • Mathew 18:5. Every child born into the world is a new thought of God, an ever-fresh and radiant possibility. — Kate Douglas Wiggin. TUCSON — From the California border, the highway to Tucson leads through no junction more presumptuous than Gila Bend and Casa Grande, and it is hard to understand why Tucson is here. The answer is in the sun above and the water below. One speeds southeast on a fast freeway past Pichaco Peak through fertile cotton fields, and suddenly on the left a modern skyline looms against the Santa Catalina Mountains: It is the new Tucson, a desert of dude ranches and missile sites with a startling urban oasis of towering buildings and sprawling suburbs. Some of the towering buildings arc new apartment houses, and they are far from full. At his missile plant south of the city, Howard Hughes for several years has been the largest employer in Arizona; but heavy layoffs have cut keenly into the Tucson economy. But Harold Steinfeld, one of the founding merchants and property owners of Tucson, typifies the refusal of this community to be alarmed. "Hughes is way down and as far as I'm concerned, they can stay down," he says. "We'll rock along at a slower pace than in the past and it'll be just fine. There's no big industry in sight for Tucson and it's just as well. A growing community like this always attracts more than its share of promoters and shoestring artists, and it takes time to sift them out." Despite brisk subfreezing nights this month, tourists have been pouring into southern Arizona, and the annual rodeo will bring thousands later in February. The Tucson Sunshine Climate Club is not far wrong in its presumption that Tucson's most marketable commodity is God- given. Among U.S. cities, Tucson has the highest percentage of possible sunshine. There is a new horde of motels in Tucson (not all of them prospering) and 1,000 feet high in the Santa Catalina Mountains to the north of the city is the Skyline Country Club, a monstrous monument to pretension. The Skyline deserves close inspection from every visitor to Tucson, if for no reason other than to serve as a warning o£ what can happen to the American desert. Three years ago, I drove over a narrow sandy road out into the rugged foothills of the Santa Catalinas and spent a day with the primitive artist Ted De Grazia in his adobe chapel and adobe house. We sat on square wooden tools beside his hand- built fireplace. The only water on the place was rain water that he and his wife had hoarded in rain barrels. There was no gas or electricity. But De Grazia pointed toward red survey flags marching up behind the saguaro outside his chapel, and bemoaned the fact that a new paved road was being built past his sanctuary. On the fast drive out to Skyline Country Club this month, I noticed suddenly that I was passing close by the De Grazia adobe homestead. This time it was almost lost among the new homes, and in the shadow of the huge new Skyline club. DeGrazia himself is driving a fast European sports car, and spends little time at his adobe retreat. It is no wonder. The Skyline is the promotional dream of an Oklahoma oil man, Leonard Savage, and it was created by a 38-year-old Tucson architect, David Fraker. Its multi-level bulk is blue- lighted so blatantly at night that it can be seen from all over Tucson. From a fountain pool at the base of the entrance stairs rises a plaster creation which must be seen to be understood: it is a three-story- high golf tee. In its saucer, instead of a golf ball, reposes a bandstand. A level higher, a plexiglass turret over the bandstand completes the nightmare. But this is not the Tucsoa that its own citizens know. It is deplored by men like Joseph Wood Krutch, the naturalist and author, who concentrates on local projects like the splendid Arizona Sonora Desert Museum. Steinfeld, a mainstay through the years of the excellent Arizona Pioneers Historical Society, has been instrumental in the addition of a new .wing to the society's museum indown- town Tucson. From the museum, staffers rove out into Arizona public schools to teach the state's history to youngsters. The Tucson newspapers, separately owned but operated jointly, are about to build a n e w S5 million plant. And George Chambers, executive adviser to the newspapers' board of directors, is continuing his literary venture, Arizona Silhouettes, which republishes historic classics which are out of print. The skyline is changing as inevitably as in all Western cities, ies. Less than three years ago, Steinfeld owned all four corners of Stone and Pennington in the center of Tucson. Then he sold the Pioneer Hotel, on one corner. This month, Tucson Federal Savings & Loan Association announced that it will build a 20-story structure on another corner, now the site of a drug store. There is a handsome new air terminal in Indian motif, and citizens are about to do something about the name of the bar, which seems inappropriate for an airline terminal: Last Chance Saloon. TREASURE HOUSE Your unused furniture or appliances will find a ready market through Classified Ads.
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