Wilderness Spurs Couple to Write 8 Times Herald, Carroll, la. Monday, April 1 By Ann Cony NEW YORK (AP) — The lives of Sam and Billie Wright are directed by the sun, or lack of it; clocks have no meaning, work and nonwork are inseparable. Billie's journal of their first year in the Alaskan wilderness has been published as a book, "Four Seasons North." The book tells of the beauty of the Alaskan wilderness and the Wright's rich life there, but Sam and Billie encourage.no one to come to Alaska. The beauty of the wilderness lies in its unpopulated tranquility, and "There are no jobs, despite the construction of the pipeline," they explained in an interview.here. In autumn of 1968 the Wrights began a year-long sabbatical study of the Eskimo and human value choices. The Eskimos of the North are currently caught up in*a period of rapid transition, ; the Wrights say. Until the beginning of the pipeline construction, "ownership didn't exist" in the lives of the Eskimos. "Acre" is a new word in their vocabulary, the Wrights say. Until recently, land was common property of all —menand animals alike, in the eyes of the Eskimos. Upon arrival in the Brooks Range of Alaska, 100 miles north of the Arctic Circle, the Wrights met Dishu, an Eskimo woman who, as theyputit, was to become their "adopted grandmother." Dishu asked the crucial question, "flowyou understand Eskimo unless you live like Eskimo early days ago?" Sam and Billie say they knew she was right. To live through four seasons alohe-ih the Arctic wilderness was the only answer. They moved into a 12-by 12-foot log cabin just in time to prepare for the fast-approaching, rigorous Arctic winter. With Sam's hunting and survival skills and Billie's enthusiasm they made repairs on their winter camp, brought down caribou and moose for winter meat, gathered berries, hauled water from a not-so-nearby stream, and chopped and stacked wood. , The Wrights admit survival isn't easy in the Arctic, especially in the winter when winds howl, the mercury drops to 60 degrees below zero, and darkness settles on the land. But they found an immense satisfaction in learning to live in harmony with the land and nature, not competing against it, not trying to "conquer'* or change it, but rather adapting to meet the demands of the extremes of the seasons and terrain. •'. Billie notes a similar h^ir- mony in her life with Sam. She says the "marriage relationship provides full equality to bothmembers." ' : Here again there is ho sense • of competition. Though" Sam does most of the hunting, Billie can and does hunt. Arid Bilhe claims, "Sam bakes great bread!" Most of their tasks are shared and the various jobs that each perform are equally important. ' "Koviashuvik" is an Eskimo word, loosely translated meaning time or place of happiness. -" - "•- ''-'•:.:''•;'' The Wrights say that islthe best description of their life in the Brooks Range, a life which no words can really describe adequately, whef e ?tfte; environment shapes perspectives, and never vice versa:' : There is a timeless quality about the Wrights' life in the Arctic. Daily chores must be done, but there are no .strict schedules to adhere to; days do not become dull routines. There is no need for clocks' or. calendars, the sun and the seasons tell the Wrights when to get up, when to hunt, when to chop wood, and when to stay indoors reading or writing. Billie claims they have "rediscovered the joy of eating.'' The Wrights eat when they are hungry, not at "lunch time" or "dinner hour" forced on the rest of the world to fit in with the strict routines of ."civilization." At the end of their first year . in the Arctic, the Wrights could not leave. Earlier plans to yistt different cultures of the-wofld-: were scratched. > Sam and Billie have taken a few weeks this winter to tour the country, giving lectures and showing the documentary film they made themselves^opy,;. human values, the Nprttji^* Eskimos and the land.' '-v-V^ The Wrights are asked repeatedly about their health. People are concerned about dangers of being mauled by a wolf or a grizzly bear and,the; of general without the security of a nearby physician or hospital. these are very real dangers. But risk is an element in all life, and the Wrights figure that everyone is going to die sooner or later. "What's the difference if it's by a grizzly or a taxicab ?" Billie asks. Ttu* Wrights are often asked if they miss the outside world. The answer comes easily. Unhesitatingly, "no." They have put a lot of time and effort into reading and studying. They have definite ideas on value formation and our rapidly changing society, where "progress" now rules the land. The Wrights have lived successfully in civilization. Before moving to the Brooks Range, Billie had been an editor, photographer, graphic arts designer, book and film reviewer, chaplain, feminist, poet, advertising executive and fisherwoman. She was the first woman to be ordained into the clergy in Alaska. Billie says she Easter Has Had ul Rituals ; NEW YORK (AP) --Easter, the principal feast of the Christian year, embodies many pre-Christian traditions. Though the origin of the name is urikown, scholars believe that it probably comes from Eastre, the Anglo-Saxon name of the Teutonic goddess of spring and fertility. Mb r e o v e r, traditions associated with this pagan festival of spring survive in the Easter rabbit, a symbol of fertility, and iri colored eggs originally painted with gay hues to represent the sunlight of spring. ftfe dating of the feast remains a controversial part of the celebration of this holiday. The method of calculating the date for Easter goes back to 325 A.D. and the Council' of Nicaea, according to editors of the Funk & Wag- nals New Encyclopedia. That system, which places Easter as the first Sunday after the first full moon oh or after the spring equinox of March 21, is still followed. Despite innumerable attempts through the centuries to set a fixed calendar date, ss Briefs Iowa Electric Light and Power Company has announced tKe[successful completion of another milestone event at the Duane Arnold Energy Center..,.. ":•-.. .' . ;• Following authorization by the Atomic Energy Commission, the DAEC achieved the first sustained chain reaction in the reactor Saturday evening, March 23,1974. The Self-iustaining chain reaction is called reaching ''critical- ity'j in the nuclear industry. It is a standard part of the continuing test procedures required to be completed prior tti ajctual operation of the ' ' ^The .Atomic Energy Commission issued a full-term, fall-power operating license for the DAEC February 22, 1974. r The plant js operated by Iqwa'^Ef0ctricv which .is a 70 percent owner. Central Iowa Power Cooperative, of Marion and Creston, is a 20 percent , 6wner, and Corn Belt Power of Hurnboldt owns 10 percent. Alvin W. Hethke, service manager of Hicks Moter Sales <& Roberts, 111; was one of five grand prize winners at a speciail a wards banquet sponsored! by, thefford Customer Service division. "Hethke and Jiis veife "Ann; the daughter of Mrs". Jessie jgtirison and the late Fred M. ilbhson of Glidden, were given ah all.expense paid seven dav trip to Spain. Sanies F; Plait of Glidden, district representative in this area for Aid Association for Lutherans (AAL), was among the top 20 percent of AAL's total field force during fiscal year 1973. His achievements in sales and service to members qualified him for the, Society's DISRUPT WILDLIFE WASHINGTON (AP) Alter surveying conservation .officials in 31 of the nation's sttipjjr Estates;the, rational Wildiife Federation reports that the basic problem of the snowmobile's disruptive effect on wildlife has not been solved. Reported damage includes invasjon,pf wildlife wintering i|Fife^i|^'^jiin^'^i.k,: ;; id.e'et, coVotes arid foxes to death even in areas where this is banned, and strewing rubbish. Even the normal operation of the noisy machines, it is charged, affects wildlife •LA'M.-i-:. ' •••':'•• '>'•-..- -.. • • ' ^ *--V- l <-; i V'i-;•'-'-..;.••••"'•..- •; Easter continues to be truly a moveable feast. It can be celebrated as early as March 22 or as late as April 25. During the last 50 years it has occured four times as often in April as in March. In addition to religious traditions that are associated with the holiday celebration, Easter is enriched by native customs from many lands, according to the encyclopedia researchers. Many of them have to do with mating and marriage and have been handed down from generation to generation. For instance, in Finland, Palm Sunday is known as Willowswitch Sunday. Children cut switches of willow, deck them with ribbons and lightly switch eligible young ladies to wish them a rich marriage. On Easter Sunday, the girls reward the children with candy and other goodies. In Ireland, young people are expected to marry before Lent to provide a final fling before the fast. Bachelors who copped out would be shaken with salt "to keep them fresh until next Shrovetide" or would be subjected to all manner of pranks. From Ireland too, comes the origin of the expression "he takes the cake.'' It comes from an Irish Easter eve custom: a delectable cake would be placed in a pub or at a crossroads and the men would dance to compete for it. The winner "took the cake" and gave it to his sweetheart. Wearing something new for Easter is almost a universal custom; in most countries it means good luck in love. "Heaving" or "lifting" reportedly was an old custom in northern England and Scotland — a group of people would link hands and toss someone in the air, then that person would be kissed. The practice was that men "lifted" women Easter Monday, and the women did the "lifting" on thef olio wing day. "-: In many countries, bonfires carried over from old pagan rites are now part of Easter Celebrations. It is reported that St. Patrick lighted the first paschal fire in Ireland on Slane Hill, 28 miles from Dublin, in 433 A.D. A spectacular sight occurs on Easter eve in the Harz mountains arid other rural parts of Germany, when huge flaming wheels are rolled from hilltops down into the valleys. The lucky farmers whose fields they come to rest are insured a good harvest. The idea started with the pagan fire cults of central Europe, in which the.flaming wheel symbolized the sun. Bonfires were the custom in rural France too, where the first Sunday of. Lent is the Feast of the Torches — and torchlight parades are held to banish winter, culminating in a bonfire arid dancing by young couples. The symbolism inherent in the Easter holiday is expressed in an unusual manner in Bermuda, where kite flying contests are held on Good Friday. The idea started when a Sunday school teacher used a kite to illustrate the Ascension. Another variation of this theme takes place in Malta where men of the village carry a statue of Christ to the top of a promontory, running all the way up as fast as they can resurrection. Bread baked oh Good Friday was considered luckv in many European lands. Sailors would carry loaves with them on long voyages as protection against shipwreck and housewives would keep a-loaf all year to protect the house from fire. Pennsylvania Dutch settlers, as well as other rural farmers, still believe that eggs laid on Good Friday and eaten on Easter Sunday bring good f or- l;uneforthe,year: i /: encountered little discrimination due to her sex in entering the clergy. She added that Arctic women in general "do exceptional things because the environment required it." Sam Wright is also a minister. His job as professor of human and social ecology at a west coast seminary took him on his sabbatical to the Brooks Range. Also a biologist, Sam is an expert on the wilderness, hunting, trapping and fishing. Most of Issue Bills Remain By W.R.Ferguson (State Representative, 55th District) The House spent a good deal of time in floor debate last week but by week's end most of the controversial biils were still on our calendar. I suppose the bill which attracted the most attention was the so-called obscenity bill. It passed the House by a big majority, and would provide definitions of obscene matter and bar minors from access to obscene films, books, etc. The bill is necessary because the supreme court has ruled the present Iowa Code too vague to enforce. The bill now is in the Senate. The House also voted a cost of living increase to state employees. Under the House bill employees on the merit system and highway employees will receive a lOper cent cost of living increase to a maximum of $816. The Senate had approved another plan and probably the bill will have to go to a Conference Committee. Probably the most important bill of statewide interest was a bill to do away with county school systems and replace them with 15 intermediate units to provide services in special education, extra services, etc. The House debated this bill almost all day Thursday. Then after deciding a separate board should govern these services, the House deferred the bill for a few days. However, it seems to have a pretty good chance to pass this session. The House also debated the no-fault bill for about half a day. However, this bill seems to have very little chance of passing this year. The House passed a very important bill Friday which will continue and enlarge the uses of Municipal Revenue Bonding. The use of these bonds has been very beneficial to the state and has provided substantial employment to lowans as well as increasing low's tax base. Area Forecast Clearing and colder Monday night with lows in the lower 30s. Mostly fair Tuesday with highs in the mid 50s. NOT WORTH TROUBLE PORTLAND, Ore, (AP) — A spokesman for one of Oregon's largest soft drink bottling companies said that other state legislatures considering an Oregon-type "Bottle Bill" should suspend their efforts during the energy crises. Ted Gambel Jr., president of the local Pepsi-Cola Bottling Co., said the "Bottle Bill," which he strongly supported, has substantially increased gasoline consumption for bottlers, brewers and distributors as more extra trips are now required to bring empty containers back from retail outlets. The Oregon antilitter law, enacted in 1972, calls for a 2 to 5 cent deposit on all carbonated beverage containers purchased at retail outlets. IOWA FORECAST Thundershowers ending northeast tonight followed by clearing and colder over the state. Low 20s northwest, 30s southeast. Mostly fair Tuesday. High 40s northeast, 50s south and west. SURGERY PATIENT Tony Stalzer of Carroll is scheduled for surgery on Tuesday. His address is Archbishop Bergen Hospital, 7500 Mercy Road, Room 527, Omaha; Neb. 68124. Bookshelf Edited By Mary Ann Riley THE BLACK BOOK. By Harris, Levitt, Furman, Smith. (Random House. Paper$5.95,Cloth$15.00) This mav be a "first" - a memory book of a race. Anyone who has had his own knows that a memory book is a collection of significant clip- Dines, photographs and the like, which might stand as an informal personal history. Bill Cosby, who writes the introduction to this book, calls it a scrapbook of a 300-year-old Black man and it is a facinating record of what life was like through all those years for the Blacks in America. The four authors are collectors of Black memorabilia, everything from handbills advertising slaves "A valuable neero woman...a likely yellow girl'', to newsphotos of lynchings, of entertainers, of celebrities in every field. There are excerpts from Dreambooks, voodoo recipes, songs and poetry by Blacks; posters, specifications of patented inventions (a fountain pen, an air-ship), and pictures of artifacts created by Blacks. A social history of a people so vividly recreated is indeed a rare publishing event and deserves wide support. — MarvArm Riley IMPERIAL JAPAN 1800 1945, The Japan Reader 1 POSTWAR JAPAN 1945 to Present, The Japan Reader 2 Edited by Jon Livingston, Joe Moore, and Felicia Oldfather (Pantheon, Asia Library, $3.45 each) , ., Because Japan has recently developed into the third most powerful economy in the world and is the protege of the United States in Asia, we are indebted to these editors for the opportunity to better understand Japan that this work provides. From its ancient feudalism in isolation, through its industrualization and western ization, the emergence and growth of Japan's oriental society presents problems, enigmas, and questions, all intriguing, confusing, and unresolved as far as the United States is concerned as we attempt to refashion our postwar role in Asia to include China. The panorama of the political and societal history of Japan is expertly presented herein, and its breadth and depth of insight is scholarly yet easily readable. It is an excellent and timely contribution to an important phase of America's understanding of democracy's base in the East.—Harold A Want Ads! SEX AND . NAZI GERMANY. By Hans Peter Bleuel. (Lippincott) This book is an attempt to capitalize on the extraordinary interest now being shown in Nazi Germany, and the readers are warned that despite the title, it contains very little sex indeed. The simple fact is that most of the Nazi party leaders were cretins and bores, and the author's attempt to enliven their vicious personalities with scandals based upon gossip should not be confused with the work of a careful historian. There can be no doubt that the Nazi elite did not practice the ideals of puritanism which they preached, but they are of interest as criminals in World history, not as faithless husbands and fahters. In short, a trashy book, published in an attempt to exploit morbid curiousity. — R.Choate Edited By Mary Ann Riley SULA. By Toni Morrison. (Knopf, $5.95) Toni Morrison, with just two books to her credit, may very likely turn out to be one of the important writers of this decade. She is black, she is young, and she writes of what she knows best. Her first book, The Bluest Eye, published in 1970, was a small piece of perfection. Her recent novel, with the same power, the same beauty that turns prose into poetry, reaches the high standard she has obviously set for herself. Sula is the story of two young black girls, raised in a small Ohio town. The gift of friendship that they share is mutually sustaining and very special. What happens to that friendship after Sula leaves Medallion for larger cities, higher education, and broad experiences is told with great sensitivity and feeling....and pain. Nel has settled in with a husband and three children and accepted the restrictions of life in the Bottoms. When Sula returns she can no longer understand her friend and yet the bond between them is unbreakable. Their lives are inexorably entwined with their families and their neighbors, every character drawn so well that the reader could wish for a whole book about each one. Yet the story belongs to Sula and to Nel. It has unforgettable quality—Helen Stein THE COMPLETE BOOK OF CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING. By Arthur Liebers. (Coward-McCann, $8.95) An authority oh wfnter sports in general, the author presents us with the first volume dealing with the old but recently popularized sport of cross country skiing. Ski touring is cheaper, easier and far less crowded than downhill skiing. The entire family can enjoy it. from tiny tots to the handicapped person. (In Norway, where the sport began probably four thousand years ago, there is a race week for the blind and disabled.) A few hours of instruction are advisable but a do-it-your- selfer could learn from the how-to methods described and illustrated here. Only a small outlay is required for equipment and the snow-covered woods and fields of the world are the skiier's domain. All sorts of hints for the ski-tour camper are included, as well as physical conditioning exercises, a section on competition, and a detailed guide to available areas throughout the states and Canada. Those who haven't yet tried it will be tempted to do so; those who have will need this Bible.-—George Carson MUD TREATMENT NISKA BANJA, Yugoslavia (AP) — This radio-active water spa in eastern Serbia, famous for treatment of heart and rheumatic diseases, decided to introduce cosmetics as treatment based on radio-active mud and vapors. The beauty treatment will be conducted in special beauty parlors. BILL COMITO REALTY 792-3805 Beautiful new 3 bedroom ranch home, North side- close in. Lovely living , room and dining room, carpeted; nice kitchen with stove, dishwasher and disposal included; separate dinette, large finished family room; gas furnace, central air; double garage with door opener. For a real treat see it for sure. Phone: Harvey Fleshnej, 792-1513 or Pat Beck, 792-1134 WE'VE EXPANDED We Buy — Sell — Trade Used Furniture Complete Refinishing, Repairing and Reconditioning Service We've doubled our display area with a new addition on the back of our building. Stop in and let us help you. CARROLL USED FURNITURE 626 West 8th St., Carroll, (Next to Culligan) Phone 792-1600 Open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Daily - 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Friday Classified Ad Information Dial 3573 Business Services 14 All copy for classified ads and classified display ads must be in the Times YHerald by 9 a.m. day of publication Monday through Friday and 8 a.m. on Saturday to insure publication. CLASSIFIED DISPLAY Per column Inch $1.70 Additional Insertions Ji.so CLASSIFIED CASH WITH ORDER One day, per word 12c Three days, per word 28c Six days, per word 38c CARD OF THANKS 20 words or less $2.50 Over 20 words lOc per word Business Opportunities 5 "IMMEDIATE INCOME" Distributor — part or full time to supply Company established accounts with RCA-CBS-Disney Records. Income possibilities up to $1,000 per month with only $3,500 required for inventory and training. Call COLLECT for Mr. James (214)661-9208. 5-72-6tp Lost 7 LOST — ENVELOPE containing checks. Call 684-2876, Coon Rapids. 7-77-2tp REWARD FOR return of or information leading to the return of round finished piece of Walnut wood with bark intact — Approximately 20 inches across and two inches thich. Taken from Industrial Arts room at Kuemper High. Call 792-3389. 7-75-6tp Personals 9 NEED HELP??For spiritual counseling, call Pastor W L Laney 792-2599. 9-33-tfc WANTED: GARDEN roto tilling. Taking calls now. 792-4537 or 792-1355. 14-57-30tc TREAT YOURSELF to an hour in the air. Fisher Aviation, Inc. 792-9128. I4-77-6tc FOR ALL GASOLINE engine lawn mower repair call or see Reinart Service. 7th & Hwy. 30. 14-77-tf If vo'ir outo insurance premium rias^ t dropped at least 20% this year, before you renew Co.l Bill Comito Prirsle Tax & Insurance 792-2805 COMPLETE STEREO & PHOTOGRAPHIC SERVICE STEREO TOWN 221 E. 5th 792-3522 14-K8-14U JIM'S TREE SERVICE Carroll, Iowa Insured Reasonable rates Phone 792-1484 Jim Ransom U-56-ltp Instruction 13 Business Services 14 CARPETS CLEANED in your home or place of business by Von Schrader — dry foam method Call today for free estimate. Nu-WAY CARPET CLEANING 792-3898. 14-61-tfc AS CLOSE as your front door. HR Cleaners pick up and delivery, cleaning, pressing and alterations. Dial 792-4333. 14-56-tfc TELEVISION SERVICE — Prompt attention. Fair prices. Qualified technicians. WAITERS' Appliance Center Central Service. 792-2696. 14-48-tfc FOR ALL chain saw sales & SERVICE, call or see Reinart Service. 7th & Hwy. 30. Phone 792-2126. 14-77-tf REAL ESTATE SCHOOL OF IOWA is now offering classes in Fort Dodge. Classes every Wednesday evening. 7:00 P.M. at the Ramada Inn. ATTEND THE 1ST SESSION WITHOUT OBLIGATION. OVER 9(R OF OUR STUDENTS PASS THE EXAM. Classes designed to help you pass the Iowa Real Estate License Examination. Also Brokers Classes available. SPONSORING BROKER'S WELCOME. WE INVITE COMPARISON. For more information call 319-366-7707 or write Real Estate School of Iowa, 3700 First Avenue. N. E.. Cedar Rapids. Iowa. 52402. 13-71-ltc REAL ESTATE SCHOOL OF IOWA is now offering classes in Fort Dodge Classes every Wednesday evening. 7 00 P.M. at the Ramada Inn" ATTEND THE 1ST SESSION WITHOUT OBLIGATION OVER 90<7 OF OL'H STUDENTS PASS THE EXAM Classes designed to help you pass the Iowa Real Estate License Examination Also Brokers Classes available SPONSORING BROKER'S WELCOME. WE INVITE COMPARISON. For more information call 319-366.7707 or write Real Estate School of Iowa. 3700 First Avenue. N. E . Cedar Rapids. Iowa 52402 13-71-ltc BILL COMITO REALTY 792-3805 Five bedroom, spacious brick home, located high in Rolling Hills. Living room 24 x 14, carpeted, large kitchen, family room in basement, enclosed patio, central air, gas hot water furnace, heated garage. Lots of extras. For information call: Harvey Fleshner, 792-1513 or Pat Beck, 792-1134 63-75-31C PIZZA FAMILY NIGHT Every Tuesday 5:00 P.M. to 9:00P.M. POP 10 (with Pizza) PITCHER OF POP (with Pizza) 50 11 PIZZA HUT SALAD 45« (with Pizza) SMALL PIZZA (Reg . $1 . 95) $1>55 MED. PIZZA (Re g. $3.15, 2.50 LARGE PIZZA (Reg . $4.25, 3.40 Due to increased cost of cheese, meat, tomatoes, flour and pop syrup we have had to increase family night prices.
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