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Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Monday, April 1, 1974 No Black Party Delegates to the Black National Political Convention at Little Rock showed good sense in tabling a proposal to create a national black political party. Participants at the next scheduled meeting in September will show even better sense if they wholly reject the proposal. It should be rejected because it is contrary to the best interests of blacks. It should be rejected also because it is contrary to the best interests of the nation as a whole. No one can doubt that our country's black citizens have common cause in broad areas of concern. This fact, rooted in history, does not outweigh another fact, which is that as citizens blacks also have many diverse interests. Their attitudes range across the whole gamut of political thought. In many cases their most deeply felt concerns and aspirations reflect less their race than their economic and cultural situation. Similar considerations would apply were there a movement to form, say, a party exclusively for women. Under our system of government, a political party must draw upon a substantial cross-section of the electorate if it is to offer a viable chance of political accomplishment. It is a delusion to suppose that a black party, or a women's party, or any other party championing one group's particular interests at the expense of broader concerns, would strengthen the cause of its adherents. The effect would be divisive rather than constructive. In our judgment, blacks would be far better off working for societal change through established party structures. Water and All A group of electricians at an Oregon nuclear power plant are promoting a bumper sticker which bears the simple message: "Vote against all incumbents." This is not only simple; it is a simple-minded exhortation to the electorate to take part in crippling the democratic process. The very heart of that process is that it gives the electorate power to select, to make choices. Applying the throw- the-rascals-out philosophy across the board negates that power of selection. Good men and bad, they say, must go. It is easy to understand what motivates the group in Oregon. Like many others, they appear to feel a serious loss of confidence in government. But their proposed remedy is without merit. Throwing out the baby with the bath water never has made any sense. Save Wilderness Installing geothermal power facilities in wilderness areas would run counter to the clear intent of Congress when it passed the Wilderness Act. That, intent was to keep such areas free of even minimal "development" - to preserve millions of acres of unspoiled land as a part of our natural heritage. Such land would no longer remain unspoiled if exploitation of geothermal power resources were permitted. This would require the construction of roads, generating plants, electrical transmission lines; there would have to be various supportive installations nearby. Wilderness thus encroached upon would no longer be wilderness. The point would be academic were lands designated as wilderness areas protected under the 1970 Geothermal Steam Act. The disturbing fact just reported from Washington is that, while such protection is accorded national parks and various other kinds of federal land holdings, it does not extend to the wilderness system. Whether this was done deliberately or through oversight, the result is the same: geothermal power exploitation rights in wilderness lands are up for grabs, and iri the Interior Department there is talk of granting leases. Interior officials say there is no policy on the matter, that each case will be decided on its merits. Very well, then: let it be included in the record on each case that geothermal power development in wilderness areas' is wholly incompatible with the underlying concepts of the Wilderness Act. The government should not grant any wilderness area leases for this purpose pending congressional action on a bill introduced to deal with the matter. Timely Quotes — '' I think the 20-cent newspaper is right around the corner, say within the next two or three years. And there will be alot of 25-cent papers before 1980." — Allen H. Neuharth, president of the Cannet newspaper chain, commenting at an investors' conference in New York. "Students are intelligent young animals subject to a lot of temptations. If we left them too much free time we would be in the situation (similar) to before the war, with a class of professional students who spend their lives studying." — Dimitri Pop, professor of literature at Cluj university, Rumania, explaining to newsmen what he believes to be the average college student behind the Iron Curtain. Walkin' Tall! Dear Abby Washington Notebook Thrive on Tension By Bruce Biossat Bruce Biossat KAGOSHIMA, JAPAN — (NEA) — Making your way down the island chain from Tokyo to this southernmost Japanese city,- you quickly come to feel the crucial thing about the Japanese almost vibrating in the air. It is tension. The tension is born of great numbers of people moving about in work and play with furious energy, jammed into slender corridors of flat and rolling land amid a great spread of mountains, and using the tiniest spaces for their living needs. Once at mid-day in an office- building's deep basement garage, I saw a man in a business suit, standing between closely parked cars, flailing his arms vigorously for exercise. In an alley just wide enough to keep her elbows from scraping adjoining buildings, an old woman in traditional Japanese attire sat sunning herself. (Cars, bicycles, motorcycles, small vans, piles of stored materials are typically fitted into the narrowest slots just off-street). Ride a sizable cable car to the top of a volcano crater edge and you'll find the swaying vehicle packed witn •standees hanging onto rails overhead, as in a subway or bus. In Tokyo and Osaka, at least, there are now three-story golf practice driving ranges, with players swinging their clubs from little cubicles like boxes at the theater. Here in Kagoshima, I saw a man practicing his swing in a little park across from the city's only Catholic church. Two spare clubs leaned against a tree while he swung away. Everyone knows that the Japanese, like some other cultivators of spare land, terrace their hillsides to gain more crop planting space. But is is astonishing to see terrace levels barely wide enough for a few rows of rice plants. Yet, while most Japanese may not even realize it, generally they thrive curiously on this tension. There are reports that some from Japan who live abroad for a while, in slower-paced Western European lands as one example, sorely miss'the bristling tension of their home islands. There are exceptions, naturally. One gets the idea in Tokyo now and then that the whole population lives at the edge of nervous crackup. Suicides, well down for a time, are up again as the nation bustles about in gritty competition as the world's third largest-industrial power. But, exceptions noted, order and discipline, the discipline of the group and the organization, usually prevail. I saw a huge marching column, banners high, heading for a rally in the workers' "spring offensive" for higher wages. Orderly. Sight-seers, threading their way through parks and shrines and scenic marvels, trail easily together behind uniformed guide girls holding identifying flags above their heads. Unlike in the United States, when a plane lands it isn't a signal for everyone to pop out of his seat and shove for the exit. Here, people up front rise first, while those in the rear sit patiently until it makes sense to get up and move out. Sure, with such enormous numbers of people milling about on the streets, in the stores, at stations and airports, there is some minor jostling (the celebrated big push at the subway car door is always that very special exception). But generally the pace and the movement, though bustling, are managed with orderly ease. Maybe the children have something to do with it. Every place you look, the tots are racing about, being lugged around in their parent's arms or on mother's back, finding fun .amid the crush. The Japanese travel in whole families, from baby to grandparents. Perhaps adults can't easily snarl at each other with so many children joyfully underfoot. It is common to say the Japanese find their release from tension in the peace of* their quiet homes where old traditions tend to reign. And, of course, in their sports and other pleasures, trailing off into the night in city, bright spots. No doubt it is true in considerable part. But much of the pleasure — the traveling, the games, the night-club flurry, the active and imaginative artistic life — is tensely pursued, too. I come back to it. I think the Japanese like tension. Here, somehow, it has become equated with living importantly, with having a fuller sense of being. Economically, they must scramble to live. But they have long since come to love to scramble. Polly's Pointers Calls Bring Few Laughs —— By Polly Cramer DEAR POLLY — My Pet Peeve is with children who have nothing better to do on a Sunday afternoon than to make joke calls on the telephone. They forget someone who is sick may have to get out of bed to answer a stupid question. It seems their parents would have some idea of what they were doing. CAMELLIA. Polly Cramer DEAR POLLY - In reply to the query from M.R.B., elastic can be stretched by wetting it and then stretching it over something the size you want it to be. Leave until elastic is completely dry. EVA DEAR POLLY - My family is making a whole-hearted effort to save where possible during the energy crisis and shortages in other areas. One of the things we are worried about is wasting hot water. Every time we let the water run to get it hot for dishwashing or cold for a drink we fill a special jug instead of letting the water run down the drain until it is the proper temperature. We use this jug of water for many things ice cubes, watering plants and pets, vaporizers and so on. This seems small in itself but if everyone did the same it would amount to a lot. K.R. You will receive a dollar if Polly uses your favorite home-making idea. Pet Peeve, Polly's Problem or'solution to a problem. Write Polly in care of this newspaper. Charles Not Prince Charming By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: How can I meet Prince Charles? I have always admired him, and it has been my dream to meet him one day, but I'm not having any luck. I've written him several letters, and each time his secretary has answered, saying: "The Prince of Wales regrets that he is unable to meet you." I am a normal, intelligent 20-year-old college girl. I'm told I am pretty and have a pleasing personality. I've read everything I could find about the royal family in general and Prince Charles in particular. I'll bet I know more about the royal family than most people living in England and the rest of the United Kingdom. I hope you won't think I'm crazy, but I have even taken horseback riding lessons, and I plan to take flying lessons when I can afford it because I know those are Prince Charles' favorite sports. Also, if we ever meet I will have something to talk to nim about. Abby, you're supposed to have all the answers. Can you help my dream come true? DEAR CATHY: Sorry, but I don't have the answer to this one. Dreaming is all right, but we have to live in the real world. So, wake up, Cathy. Your "Prince Charming" could be someone you've already met — in a "Brooks Brothers suit with a Broolkyn accent, yet! DEAR ABBY: Please settle a family argument. My husband, who is 43, told our 17-year-old daughter that she was "filling out" nice — then he asked her what her bra size was. Our daughter became embarrassed, blushed, and said she didn't want to tell him. I came to her defense and said that the question was a personal matter, and I didn't think it was anything her father had to know. He became angry and said that as her father he had a right to know! Our daughter was nearly in tears, and I ended the discussion by siding with her, and that is where we left it. Now my husband is upset with botn me and my daughter. Abby, do you think that was a proper question for a father to ask his 17-year-old daughter? OLD FASHIONED MOM DEAR MOM: NO! Your budding daughter's bra size is none of Dad's business. And while we're on the subject of measuring things, I wonder what your husband's I.Q. is? y van Your Personal Finance Buren Shoppers Lawyer Guide By Carlton Smith do you do when you've a lawyer to handle some you feel he's over- or the What retained problem, and charging you, isn't handling matter properly? "Complain like hell," is the advice of Pennsylvania's Insurance Commissioner, Herbert S. Denenberg — a lawyer himself, incidentally — who has published a "Shopper's Guide to Lawyers" to help the citizens of his state avoid getting overcharged or under-represented. "Most lawyers like to keep their clients happy." he says, and are likely to respond to vigorous complaining. One of the problems of lawyer-client relations, he points out, is the layman's trepidations about the whole Carlton Smith Your Health Won't Hurt Sex Activity Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D. By Dr. L. E. Lamb DEAR DR. LAMB — I would like your opinion on a woman, who has to have a hysterectomy lor health reasons. So many of my friends say a woman who has had one isn't any good sexually. Would you please comment on this? It would put many of these women's minds :at east. Also, is the woman any different when she was the operation? Are other women better partners who have not had the operation? Also, do men prefer women who have not had one? DEAR READER - I get a lot of letters asking about this. The truth is the uterus has almost nothing to do with sexual activity. It is connected to the top end of the birth canal and provides no important feeling for the woman. It has no effects at all on the man. Most men wouldn't even know a woman had had such an operation. So the answer to the rest-of your questions should be obvious. Women are just as good a partner, or even better, after surgery. Why better? Since they no longer need fear pregnancy, they often are more relaxed. For the same reason a man. if he knew, might prefer a woman who didn't have a uterus. DEAR DR. LAMB — I've just had surgery on my neck for hardening of the arteries. The blood could barely drip through. Can you help me with my diet so this won't recur? Is it'all diet that causes hardening of the arteries? It is a very expensive operation. I had two on the neck and chest, so no more. DEAR READER - The same diet principles apply to preventing fatty deposits in the arteries in the neck as those for the brain and heart. The disease throughout the body is the same. For additional information you may want to read the booklet on balanced Daily Times Herald 508 North Court Street Carroll. Iowa Daily Kxcept Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day. by the Herald Publishing Company. diet that I have prepared. Send 50 cents to "Balanced Diet," in care of this newspaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station. New York, N.Y. 10019. The best general recommendation is to limit calories to correct or prevent any excess body fat, maintain physical activity to help you do this. Limit fat, particularly saturated fat and cholesterol. I would suggest seeing to it that you get a third of your .main dishes from poultry, a third from fish and a third from lean beef. The rest of your food should include, or be made from, nonfat fortified skim milk or the dry powder, vegetables, fruits and cereals. You should use polyunsaturated oils in cooking, such as safflower oil or corn oil. Broil or boil, bake or roast, but try to eliminate frying. DEAR DR. LAMB - Is it safe to eat raw eggs? My family loves a refrigerator pie I make with three eggs in it, and the mixture is uncooked. A friend of my husband's developed a longstanding illness after eating a large number of raw eggs on a dare. My girls have developed a dislike for their morning scrambled eggs, so I try to get some eggs in their diet, even if it's in the pie they like once in a while. DEAR READER - No. I don't approve of eating raw eggs. It can be perfectly safe, but they are a common source of bacteria that cause a form of food poisoning. Why are you so determined to force your family to eat eggs? They do not contain a single nutrient that can't be obtained from other foods. The yolk of the egg is the most common high- cholesterol food in our diet. The Inter- Society Commission on Heart Disease has suggested that the daily cholesterol intake should be limited to 300 milligrams a day. A single egg yolk often contains 250. A small a^mount of cholesterol, which you do need in your diet, is in meat and animal products. arcane and fearsome apparatus of the law, and general mistrust of lawyers. It's a iong-rooted tradition, going back at least to the line Shakespeare gave one of his characters, who was voicing his notions of how to make the world a better place to live in. "First," he said, "we kill all the lawyers." If that tradition has persisted, there seems to be reason for it. Chesterfield Smith, president of the American Bar Association, is quoted on the "fringe" of incompetent lawyers — 20 to 25 per cent of all those practicing in the U.S., he says — that he "wouldn't trust to do anything." If that's the case, there is real need for something like Denenberg's guidelines on how to avoid going wrong when you need a lawyer's services. Rule 1: "Because you probably can't trust 20 per cent or more of the lawyers in this country, picking one from the yellow pages of the phone book is like playing Russian roulette with your legal rights." Not much better are most of the referral services. Local bar associations, for example, generally compile the lists of lawyers who can be contacted. But some good lawyers prefer not to be listed, and the people operating the service seldom have enough legal expertise to send you to the "right" lawyer. Probably the best way of getting to a right lawyer, says Denenberg, is through a recommendation from "people who are honest and who know what they're talking about." That might be a friend who's had personal experience with, and trusts, some good lawyer. Or ask any professional person you know and trust — your family doctor, clergyman or banker. If you ,work for a company big enough to have its own lawyer or legal staff, inquire there. As someone who's with the company, your needs are likely to get sympathetic and judicious consideration. Lawyers who aren't in private practice, Denenberg points out, are likely to be more objective in judging lawyers who are. If you know a lawyer who works for a government agency, for example, or can get an introduction, ask him for names. Watch out for referral fees. You might, for example, talk to Attorney Benchwarrant about your problem, only to find that he handles only criminal cases. So he sends you to Attorney Stuffgown. who has an arrangement whereby he pays Bench- warrant a referral fee, commonly equal to one-third of what he collects from you. It comes ultimately, of course, out of your pocket. How do you avoid paying referral fees? Simply ask the first lawyer whether such a fee is involved. If the answer is yes, say you won't deal on that basis. "Before a lawyer does any work for you, reach a clear understanding about his legal fees," Denenberg advises — and request that your understanding be confirmed in writing. Many lawyers will do this routinely — but ask it anyway. JAMKS W. WILSON. Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON. Editor W. L. RE1T2. News Editor JAMES B.WILSON. Vice ("resident. General Manager Entered as second-class matter, at the post-office ,at Carroll. Iowa, under the act of March 2.1897. Member of the Associated Press ' The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Kates By carrier boy delivery per week BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2 per >' car All Other Mail in the United Stales, per year $ 60 $20.00 $23.00 $27.00 The Carroll Daily Times Herald is an ABC Daily Newspaper. The number ofsubscribers. recorded daily on permanent records and verified by the nationally recog- ni/.ed Audit Bureau of Circulations guarantees advertisers the paid circulation figures of the Carroll Daily Times Herald are accurate. Only an ABC newspaper can give assurance its stated circulation is accurate BERRY'S WORLD © 1974 by NEA, Inc. < "/ am thrilled and proud to announce that we now have a full tank of gasoline!"