The Lincoln Star from Lincoln, Nebraska on July 1, 1946 · Page 1
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The Lincoln Star from Lincoln, Nebraska · Page 1

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Lincoln, Nebraska
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Monday, July 1, 1946
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SURYEY ATOMBLAST DAM 4 G 1 THF HFATIIFIt «pi w 'mr — 'I êê T I ê W TT 'WT 'IK^ -W ^ JF ■ '^ A ■ TIIF HFATIIFIt I LINCOLN! Fair lonlgbt and Tu*>darr waf-nj*r Tu«sdaf with high««! t«mp«ratur* n«rr tS. NEBRASKAi G«n«rariy lair tonight and Tuoadaf, warmer Tuekday and in w*«l to night; hiqh««t temperatur«« Tuetday in th» So«. THE LINCOLN STAR Fire 2-2222 l elephiine 2-122 t Polire 2-llfttt IIOiME EDITION F O H r T . F II l u í II % F % il F I %' F. r F n t n SENATE OPA ACTION BLOCKED Many Ships Still Ablaze; 3 Sunk Vo ifunke Or Tidal Hare Fofloii*» ttikini F.v|»Iojiìoiì: S’lirrp»», flfoiirlfi Hvparts; I advrwtitrr Trnt \rxi Bv ' -ON WHPEHFAD. ABOARD VSS AFVALAOFilAN. Ofi Bum!, J.i'y 1 '‘AP>- ■»'hrtm of the 73 'd targ- t war.'Mi r. w - t - j^d eig .t others badly dan.-'i'f-d in t 'i. y'.- ,-t i/alar tc'*-t of ‘ : ■ tourin aiomi^'’ bomb, Viro Adr'-.. W. H. B t iy r-’P'.-r' d tonigi.t as V' .. ììo I s of | Ids task for'- ; ;uv- ; ‘ : B;itf, , 1- r >n ' ¿urv *y damag'.. j -------------------------------------- _Q ,^y. on a tursory I Rents Ifotiil Tpiiotif.« Vofifirif Of llliTPflJiPK ix CVifitiff IJd I m i.iftrd »By the As'.<)< . '»d i'rr ■ Rents st^arecl upwarti much as 33 1-3 per cent and in isolated cases even hijilier tfKiay as the deatli of OPA yanked the lid off ceiling prices in all but two states and the District of Columbia, In Miami, Fla., many tenants were notified of raises from one- third up. One 20-unit apartment house in Miami Beach hoisted $50 rents to $150. The Cleveland Plain Dealer reported numerous telephoite calls complaining of rent hikes ranging between 15 and 40 per cent. A «Cleveland Heights apartment house jacked up its $60 and $70- a*month suites a flat $15 a month. In Denver, one justice of the peace said he had issued 1,000 blank forms used for 10-day eviction notices under Colorado law. B. F. Sheehan Collapses In Office, Dies Hax Presideat Of f«risit*oltf Serd Ca» Bernard F. Sheehan, of 1601 South Twentieth street, piesiriynt of the Griswold Seed and Nursery company, ctiliap.sed at about 12:40 p. m. Monday at his office, and after being rushed by ardhu- lance to a local hospital, Kvas pronounced dead upon artyval there. In ill health for some time fAior to his death, Mr. Sheehan had only been coming down to work for a couple of hours a week for the past two months. At th.e lime of his collapse he was in hi.s oHice talking to S. F„ Bliss, a sale.'^man and department head of the company. Mr. Sheehan had just, arrived at his oflice about a half hour previously. Associated witti the firm for nearly 20 years, he had serveti as president since the time of it.-i purchase by the Berry Secil company of Clarmda, la., in 1930. He had been a seedman for many years, and before joinini^ the Griswold company, had t/aveled for a western seed firm. He was graduated from agricultural college in South Pakota and had also attended lowd, Slate at Ame.s. I He was a member of the Catholic church, the Ltncoln chamber of commerce and tjiigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. Surviving be.sides his wi‘t here are three sisters, two brother, and a nephew, all in California, ^ in:;j.i ' tion. Many .ships arc b'urn- ing. The total could be higher by daybreak. j Wh**thcr the .domic bomb will | force navk-.s of the world into new comtruction and battle tactics remained the day’s big question. The bomb wrought a great deal of damage ships onchoicd in the lagoon, but the blast did not sink a capital ship, even though they were directly under the explosion. No Conclusions. Adm, Blandy declined at a press conference to draw any con- clu.'doMS from the test, “That’s not our job,” he said. “We put facts before the evaluation board of the joint chiefs of staff and the evaluation commis- •sion of the president and they draw conclusions.” Sci«ntist« aboard th* odmiral't flagthip «aid th«y thought today'« bomb wa« about oqual in nuclear »tficiency a« the on* us«d at Nagasaki. A recapitulation of the bomb’s destructive power showed tw’O attack-transports, the Carisle and the Gilliam, sunk. The destroyer I.amson was capsized and later went down, and the destroyer Anderson was .so badly damaged it was expected to sink momentarily. Jap Cruiser Ripped Open. The Japanese cruiser Sakawa was ripped open at the waterline and may sink. Fires still were burning late tonight aboard the carrier Independence, which suffered the greatest damage of any vessel afloat and was listing badly. Heavy damage, particularly top.-,ide, was done to the battleship Arkansa.N, the Japane.se battleship Nagato, the submarine Skate, the heavy cruiser Pen.sa- \ cola and a tank landing ship Some 25 other vcsseLs received | slight damage. What happened to the animals wliich were placed aboard several of the target sliips is not yet completely known. Goats Seem Happy. Goats on the deck of the battleship Pennsylvania were standing munching hay, undisturbed by the atomic blast which sturted a fire on the ves.-icl. Rear Adm. Thorvald Solbcrg, director of ship.s, .saw the animals white m.aking a preliminary check of damage. "Th* goat« had a gl«am in their eye« and «««med pcriectly happy," h* declared. small tire on the Ponnsyl- wania was extinguished by a passing tug, The battleship was near the outer edge of the target area. Minnows Still Swim. Solbeig said he did not see any dead fish, but on the contrary saw minnows sw'imming around The admiral had not had time fConfinued on Page Twttlvm) Ask Landlords Hold Increases To Minimum Haehmrr Srvx tfoaxiag S I t u a I I a II i Inrifird Hy Tnditty Foiifr«!« In answer to a large number of phone crdla regarding rent in- cri'a^-es, Em'I Boehmer, president of the Lincoln Board of Realtors, in a statement is.^ued Monday r«-- quosted all mcmber.s of the board and all other landlord.s to hold any rent iTV'teases to the absolute minimum nerc.*>ary to offset increased costs of operation and de- ferreil mainten.ance, In the event of any increase he urged them to keep in mind that ail amendments requf-.ted of congress by the local boaid and by the national Real Estate Board sought increases of only 10 to 15 per cent over present levels. He stated that all members of the board were so glad to get rid of the controls over their business that he was sure many members would seek no increase at all and stated that in his opinion the entire housing situation would clarify it.self to a great extent in six months time. .. Barkley Holds Out No Hope For Early Approval Of Extension Congress Leaders Talk With Truman , . . Knd Of roiilrofu ttrlnys €'oiifii*loii, I nreriatnly WASHINGTON, July 1—CAP)- The house began debat® on a 20-day stop-gap revival of UP A today with a doDlarntion by Rep, Sabuth (D-Ill) that some "un-American" m.irchants already are "gouging" the consumer. The house appeared ready toO--'' *”--------- ~ • FIRE FIGHTERS BOARD DAMAGED SHIP Thi« navy photo «how« a «alvog* crab coming In do«« alongsid* tb* batll*«hip P*nn«ylvania In Bikini lagoon to *xtingui«h a Hr* on th* bow of lb* «hip, {AP Wlr*pholo Monday.) —Fo<*af Seniuoent On OP.l- The* July !\unibor Into tho 24 pag»$ oi th* July Farm Soctioa hov* boon crammed liooly, Moroatlng last minute reports •on Nebraska farming, especlaUy edited for harrest busy Nebraska farm families. A report on harvest conditions, yields and tests has been compiled from dispatches telegraphed from the statewide network of Associated Press farm correspondents. A spot check on lb* sfat* agricultural situation made from Lincoln by telephone is summarised. A survey ol tbe.elleci the raise in the retail price ol butter will have on production Is featured. All these up-to-the-minute reports are in addition to Interesting leatures—like the one on rural churches, an advance look at the 1946 state fair, the story of how Nebraska grains have been improved in the past eight years—and a great many more. These new articles have not crowded out your favorite features like the Washington, and Nebraska Memo, the Ingulfing Photographer and the several others you have indicated in your letters that you find interesting. Please keep those letters coming. Because it Is from your letters that we will shaoe the August Farm Section.—The Editor, Few Local Signs Prices To Shoot Up Immediately Voiir Today’« Star 3 4 ñ ...... T ...... » 1« 11 Serial Story . - . Kditorials ........... Radio Programs Nebraska News Social News . , . Snorts ................. Comics ............... Markets Want .Ads .... 12 .12. 13 .^11 jorii y Of Publie^ i%|ipr€‘lieni4ive Of Chaii|i>N Although there was apprehension and anticipation behind the attitudes of both the retailers and the purchasing public in Lincoln Monday, the pr 'Vailing opinions was best expressed by "Wait and see." The OPA was now a fini.shcd ^ restriction. However most persons, seemed to feel further congrcs- .sional action would be forthcoming. There was little sign that prices would zoom cither in rents, clothing, food or other stable necessities. July Rents Same, Unless tenants are given notice of rent rises Monday they wdll most probably pay the OPA ceiling price for their July rents, a , b Star survey indicated. Ow'ners of large apartment houses stated that they would not ask for increases this month. They believed that only a few landlords, owning a small number of rooms or apartments, w'ould take advantage of the situation to ask for more rent this month. Increase t’osls. Any increase in costs for the landlords would probably be the determining factor in whether rents would ri:.c in August if OPA (Continued on Page Two) (( Uncle Cy” Retires LINCOLNS OPA RENT CONTROL oliice wa« swamped Monday with hundreds ol calls from londiords and tenants ««eking information on eviction proceedings and rent hikes. By noon Monday, tenants had reported three rent hikes in the city from S4S to $75 monthly for house« and two $20 to $45 for apartments. OPA Clerk Evelyn Goi«linger said she handled 52 call« in the first hour the office was open Monday. T HE veteran .sports editor of INDEPENDENCE BURNS In Biktal lagoon hours oit*t doy.) The light aircraft carrier Independence burns ihe A bomb had dropped. {AP Wirtphoto Mon- Sherman, known to thousands of Nebraska sport fans as “Uncle Cy,” is retiring. He cleared his desk, adiusted the cover of the typewriter, and for the first time in his life will lake it easy as a man of leisure. Mr. Sherman joined the staff of The Lincoln Star in October of 1915. His retirement from active newspaper service comes at the close of 31 years of faithful service, 31 years of thrill- packed, colorful American sport developments. A remat kable newspaperman, your “Uncle Cy.” He w^as a styli.st ot the old school when such matters as punctuation, capilalization and spelling received much greater emphasis and occupied much more attention on the part of the newspaper beginner. A man of intense convictions, Mr. Sherman has been one of the mo.st loyal of Cornhusker fans. Among other trails hi.s remarkable m('mory enabled him to retain events that marked the beginning of the golden era of Cornhusker football. and to follow it in pain.s- taking detail through its years of successes and defeats. It was “Uncle Cy” who gave to Nebraska teams the name “Cornhuskers.” And it was “Uncle Cy” who fought consistently for clean, wholesome athletics, exemplifying the highest type of sportsmanship. For years it was his daily habit to arrive at the office with the fir.st rays of the sun Prior to joining the staff of The Lincoln Star. Mr. Sherman held other newspaper positions. HLs retirement brings tn a close nearly 60 years of journalistic endeavor. His successor as sports editor “^ipr€*nlO!«t II i in At End Of SlKty Ilnys Local officials forecast a wave of evictions Monday as the last sparks of OPA control glimmered out, but they gloomily analyzed the whole situa- ^ I tion as being one where the f I real blAv would be felt at the end of a 60 day period. With all federal rent controls off, rent prices in the city, according to a Star check, w'ere being increased by a number of landlords, but an over-all survey of the city showed that no blanket rental increase for apartments or houses had been put into effect. Seek Information. Offices of the OPA, justice of the? peace, and the county attorney reported Monday that they were swamped with phone calls from both persons seeking information on whether they could evict or raise the rent of their tenants, and from tenants who had received notices to evict or of rent hikes. Rent increase.s.for‘three houses were hiked from $45 to $75 monthly, and two apartments from $20 to $45 and from $45 to $75, according to reports reaching The Star. A downtowm tenant who leases an apartment for sub­ renting reported that her rent was hiked from $125 to $175 monthly. No Apartment Boost. A check of the larger apartment house owners in the city Monday morning showed that no increases in rent would be made during July. The reason for this, according to local OPA officials. v,'i\s because of the state law which now controls rents. Under the law, landlords must give their tenants, if they rent by the month, at least one month notice. The notice, OPA officials said, would have to be made today, if the house or apartment was being rented from the first of the month, in order for the landlord to secure posscs.'^ion by }Aug. 1. Possession Delayed Sept. 1. Otberwi.se, officials of the OPA ; said, possession would have to be J. B. Chase Is Named Douglas District Judge Rvsiyns \s 1.1 q u o r Cnmmissinn i'ltitlrman I _ ---- ¡delayed until Sept. 1, If tenants ; The appointment, of Jackson B. pay by the week, the state law i Cha.-^o. 55, Omaha, chairman of provides that landlords can have I the state liquor control commis- pos.session in a week. act quickly on the proposal to restore price controls, but the outlook in the senate was dark. Sabath told the house that reports were coming In that food and rents are being increased in some areas as much as 35 to 50 per cent. Sen. O’Daniel (D-Tex). who conducted an eight-hour filibuster again.st compromise OPA legislation last week, blocked Sen. Wagner’s (D-NY) effort to introduce a resolution to restore the price control agency until July 20. House Approval Expected. Democratic Leader Barkley (Ky) and Speaker Rayburn predicted, after a conference with j President Truman, that the house i will vote a 20-day extension, ¡ pending framing a more per- • mancnt bill. Any such house action would be meaningless, however, unless the senate went along too. Barkley held out no hope of early senate action. Sen. Wherry (R-Neb.), author of an OP.A amendment to which Mr. Truman objected in vetoing an extension bill, urged in a statement that business men and landlords hold down prices and rents in what he called “the critical test and the golden opportunity for free enterprise and state and local rights.” Wherry said; Appeal To Landlords. “Whether we continue to operate as free enterprisers will depend upon industry, business and especially you who control the rental property of the United Stales.” For 45 minutes congressional leaders talked with President Truman over the situation created by the end of OPA lust midnight after Mr. Truman vetoed an extension bill which he called “impossible.” Barkley told reporters lie hoped that the senate could work out u more permanent piece of legislation “that will be acceptable.” Rayburn said he expected the house to pa.ss a resolution rc.stor- ing price controls for 20 days Such temporary action, pending permanent legislation was asked by Mr. Truman in his veto message. OPA Is Dead. Meanwhile, OPA is dead. Throughout the country, its end was marked by confusion, uncer- ¡ tainty fire. With OPA passed the myriad of regulations that have governed the nation’s economy for the last four and a half years. Prices on the nation’s commodity markets bounded upward as trading began on the first OPA- less day. Steel, motors, copper rubber and mail order shares rose from $1 to more than $3 a share in early trading on the New York stock exchange. (Cotton futures jumped more than $3 a bale at New York and rose the limit of $5 at New Orleans. In Chicago and Minneapolis the grain markets responded (Continued on Page Two) Of PRICE TILTS BEGIN One Hiy (iroeery Chain llffii'l Take AUeantaye Of Ol*A Conlroln Tapse llolil-Tlio-Lino Flo»« (By the Associated Press.) The first 10 hours of OPA less shopping produced few surprises for the American buying public, a nationwide survey showed today. The price of milk rose two cents a quart in ("onnecticut and some sections of Massachusetts. Little fluctuation was reported immediately in other food pncc.s. The nation’s larger food sUiics and department sttires with few exceptions operated under UP A, ceilings and in a few instances independent merchants announced price reductions. In the stock market.s, prices on the nation’s commodities list, bolted upward. J: Stock Prices React. .Steels, motors, coppers, rubbers and mail orders rose $1 to more than $3 a share in early dealings in industrial shares but declined from the day’s peak’s under profit- casliing later. Prices on the Chicago livestock market advanced as much as $4 a hundred pounds. A firm hold-the-iine attitude was evident, however, in New York City, Baltimore, l-hiladel- (Conlinued on Page Two) llololiaiit Halt.« .%ll OPA ProffHHliiift« and sharp political cross- | n Fi«c|oi*al C 0111*1 All proceedings^ in OPA cases filed and pending In Federal court were temporarily halted Monday by Federal Judge John W. Dele» hant who said he would not i.ssue any further orders or judgments in any of the OPA cases. Judge Dolchant said he would shelve nil hearines and proceedings in OPA actions until some definite information concerning what is to happen to the price control law is forthcoming. In following his announcement Monday morning, the court delayed action on two routine OPA proceedings which were to come up in court. CHARLES S. 'CY' SHERMAN of The Lincoln Star will be Mr. Norri.s Anderson, a native Nebraskan, until recently a member of the United States Marine corps. Before entering the armed services eany in the war, Mr. Anderson attended the University of Nebraska, served as th.e sports editor of the Kearney Daily News, later the Daily Nebraskan, and served on the sports stdf/ of The Lincoln Star. After entering the service he served as sports editor of Chevron the marine corps newspaper, sports editor of the North ("hina Marine, and the Tient.^in (China) Evening Journal. .Mr. Anderson was a combat correspondent during three years in the Marine corps and also a member of the staff of the China edition of The Stars And Stripes. sion, as a District judge in Omaha to fill the vacancy left by the death last December of Charles Leslie, was announced Monday by the governor’s office. Judge Chase took his oath of office Monday morning in the -ccrelary of slate's office and re- j signed as chairman of the liquor (Continued on Page Two) Governor Griswold ha.s no special “wartime powers” and cannot take any action to free or control rents, such as governors of other .states have done, Attorney General Walter Johnson said. The matter of special powers for the governor during the war emergency came up before the legi.slaturc, but no action was taken. The statUi of the Lincoln OPA offices, of both the rental and price divisions, was still uncertain Monday. Curry Watson and Vere Keller, the heads of the two divisions, both reported that they had been advised by telegram from their regional office in Chicago to continue to keep their offices open. Both Watson and Keller said they would furnish information to persons calling in regard to the rent and price controls. L. L Coryell, Sr., who said he . : telegraphed both Senator Taft 12 30 *. ui .Moii '69 12 30 p. rn! ! ! !’. ! !. 15 | and Whert v weekly to kill OPA, 130 » ni 66 1 3^0 p. m 18 j reported Monday that there would HiRh.st temeprature* yeaT «¿0*' vl! | no July rai.se in rent for the lowfsl 58. Sun rtifs 5:00 a. m THE 1% FATHER Lincoln Fair tonight and Tufsday; warmer Tue,day with highest temperature near 88. i Nehra'-ka; Generally ialr tonight and Tuesday, warmer Tuesday and in we^t tonight; highest temperatures Tuesday In the 80s. Kansas: Fair tonight and Tuesday; except scattered thundershower* in southwest tonight; warmer Tuesday; high temperatures near 90 2:30 p. m,(Sun.) 85 2 30 a. m ................84 3:30 p. m...............87 4 30 p. m...............87 5.30 p. m...............85 6 30 p. m...............83 7 30 p, m ...............78 8'30 p. m...............7'2 9 30 p. in..............71 10 30 p. m................69 10 30 11:3!) p. in .66 11:30 3:30 a, m...............63 4:30 a. in ...............62 5:30 a m............ 61 6:30 a. m...............63 7:30 a. m ...............6.5 8:30 a. m...............67 9:30 a. m...............71 m................72 .si'ts 8:03 p. m. Moon rises 7:35 a m.: -se's 10:35 p. in. Normal precipitation for July, 3.86 115 persons who rent his apartments. After July, Coryell said he wasn’t sure about rent prices. Omaha Cattle Prices At All-Time High Of $22.50 tny Tho Asîocifkted Pres.ti C attle prices hit an all-time high on the Omaha market today, but other indications were that Nebraskans will practice the restraint asked by President Truman in coping with their first OPA-less days in four years. The Omaha market saw prices rise to $22.50 per hundred pounds. . . . Encouraging high prices, with end of OPA ceilings, wore the smallest receipts in 11 years. The low receipts surprised the stock yards, which had expected a fairly goofl run. There were only 2,000 cattle and 75 calves, 1900 salable liogs and .500 salable sheep. Order buyers were paying the higher prices while packing houses were trying to stay close to the defunct ceilings, , The $22.50 top was paid by an order buyer for 34 1,230 pound steers delivered by Max Klug of Hadar. Ceiling on the cattle last week was $17,65, but a .50-cent subsidy had increased the return to the producer to $18.15. The previous all-time high was $19.20 paid in the fall of 1937. Foster Mohler of Spalding, Lyle Witiwer of Dawson and Mike Phell of Omaha rang the $20 bell in early cattle sales. President Harry B. Coffee of the Union Stock Yards company called the light receipts “a demonstration of what OPA did to production.” Feeders had got their cattle to market before the subsidy went off, he said, and before they knew that OPA would not be extended. “The feed lots are empty because of OPA policy,” he declared, reiterating recent warnings that “we arc facing the worst meat shortage in history».” In accordance with predictions by food end rent officiait, prices of those essentials apparently were being held “in line,” with a few exceptions.

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