GREENSBURG DAILY NEWS IF PAPER IS MISSED- CALL 663-3114 Frank A. White NEXT TO OUR armed might, use of news and propaganda by the U. S. Information Agency is our most important weapon to keep peace in this violent world. From several sources I have pieced together details of a controversy over whether our broadcasts by the Voice of America to Eastern Europe, u. nut the Soviet Union Mr. White and to South _ east Asia are wrongfully dominated by the White House. THE LATE EDWARD R. Murrow long gave balance and quality to the VOA broadcasts as head of the federal agency. Carl T. Rowan is the new director of the U. S. A. Information Agency. He holds the highest office of any Negro and sits in on the National Security Council and cabinet meetings. There were rumblings among some congressmen regarding handling of the civil rights and other touchy incidents by the VOA broadcasts. The present furor erupted when Newsweek Magazine ran an article entitled "His Master's Voice" with many bald statements that indicated President Johnson was messing with the VOA. IT QUOTED AN alarm cabled to Washington by our Ambassador Foy Kohler from Moscow over the VOA handling of the sending of troops to Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, when murder and revolution broke out. Kohler charged the VOA broadcast obviously selected items to bolster the official government position, lacked hard news and said we are getting like Radio Moscow, which never quotes unfavorable reaction to the Kremlin line. Dug up also was the resignation months ago of Henry Loomis, editor of VOA, embittered by what he charged was White House domination that prevented objective reporting that included criticisms heard of our foreign policies. HERE IN SUBSTANCE is the defense of USIA Director Rowan of the VOA broadcasts. He said: President Johnson when he was sworn in made only one stipulation—"Carl, tell the truth." Not one time since has the White House or the President told the agency what it could or could not broadcast. ROWAN DEFENDED his right to preview VOA texts prior to broadcast. He said he had an awesome responsibility to the American public and by sitting in on both the Security Council and Cabinet meetings he was best informed of any in the agency as to U. S. policy. The director said the best weapon against criticism of U. S. policies was the truth in broadcast. He said the VOA carried the hard news facts. A section of VOA is devoted to editorials and commentary to bring the U. S. policy into true perspective. Rabid southern segregationists have been interviewed, along with others whose views are contrary to those of the administration. In summation, it is necessary to give the official U. S. position. ROWAN USED THIS example. He said on a particular day, there might be pickets before the White House protesting American Viet Nam and Dominican action. It would be wrong for the world to believe they represent the majority U. S. opinion. Therefore, it is necessary to bring out that the majority of the U. S. citizenry supported the Viet Nam and Dominican policies of our government. Many times Moscow and the Red Chinese broadcasts and press remain silent on the U. S. position or twist it but of true perspective. The President may make an important speech and it is ignored in the slave press and radio behind the Iron Curtain. VOA broadcasts it in Chinese, Vietnamese and Russian in full. FROM MANY AVENUES we know the VOA is getting through. The masses of citizens behind the Iron Curtain look to VOA broadcasts to first get the truth. It is known also that the officials of Iron Curtain countries in the grip of Communism depend on the VOA for the true American policy. Most often they do not pass it on. Most of my contacts feel that Rowan is doing a very excellent job as a successor to the late Edward R. Murrow. lino SOUTHEASTERN INDIANA'S GREATEST NEWSPAPER haVMoMhy, J.ne 7,1965 . UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL Per copy, 10*; carrier, 45* week lune No. 134 Space Aces Splash Down OK Judy Holliday Ployed Dumb Blondes— Judy Holliday Is Victim of Cancer NEW YORK (UPI) — Judy Holliday, the intellectually brilliant actress who won an Academy Award playing dumb blondes; died early today in her sleep at Mt. Sinai Hospital after a five-year battle against cancer. She would have been 42 on June 21. Miss Holliday underwent cancer surgery in 1960 but the disease was recurrent. Her attorney, Arnold Krakower, said she "put up a gallant fight to live to the very end." The actress, whose real name was Judith Tuvim, entered Mt. Sinai May 26 when her case was believed to be terminal. A hospital spokesman said she died quietly in her sleep at 5 a.m. EDT. She is survived by a 12-year- old son, Jonathan Oppenheim, and her mother, Mrs. Helen Tuvim. She was divorced from her only husband, classical musician David Oppenheim, who is now a television producer. Miss Holliday was a precocious New York high school graduate with an I.Q. of 170 when she set her sights on a stage career. She got a job as a backstage switchboard operator with Orson Welles' Mercury Theater, a job she later portrayed so hilariously in "Bells Are Ringing" on Broadway. Nightclub Show Her warm and witty personality caught the attention of Betty Comden and Adolf Green when- they formed a group of young hopefuls into a nightclub show entitled "The Revuers." The group also made films, and while in Hollywood Miss Holliday got a contract which kept her waiting for six months for a one-line role in "Something For the Boys." The actress returned to New York and landed a small part in "Kiss Them For Me" which won her critical raves. This led to her casting in 1946 as Billie Dawn, the dazzling but stupid blonde in "Born Yesterday" as a replacement for Jean Arthur who became ill during the pre- Broadway run of the show. "Born Yesterday" catapulted Miss Holliday to stardom, a four-year run on Broadway and the subsequent movie which won her an Oscar in 1950. Second Musical A number of films followed including "The Marrying Kind," "It Should Happen To You," "Phfft," and "The Solid Gold Cadillac." In 1956 she opened in her second great Broadway musical, "Bells Are Ringing" with Sydney Chaplin, and later made a movie version. Then she returned to Hollywood for "Full of Life" and did one more Broadway show, the play "Hot Spot," in 1963, She had been inactive since then. She often spoke of a desire to do "serious drama" but said she was afraid she was one of those people—"you see them walk on the stage and you laugh." Recently she had been working on : song Eyries with jazz musician Gerry Mulligan, with whom she was linked romantically by show business columnists. She had been divorced since 1957 when her nine-year marriage with cellist Oppenheim foundered. Death Bill Veto Is Key To Session By HORTENSE MYERS INDIANAPOLIS (UPI) - The Indiana Legislature will convene Tuesday in special session with a 40-day question hanging over its head. A Democratic party caucus scheduled for tonight should answer 'whether the second special legislative session in the past two years will last only long enough to enact two bills enabling and financing Indiana's bid for a nuclear research laboratory—or last 4G) days. ^ There seemed no real threat of a long session, but the possibility remained. The Republican members of the legislature also plan a caucus • but because they are so painfully in the minority, thei • decisions may not change th answer to the question. Th i House has 78 Democrats and 2 Republicans, one of whom wil not be in attendance Tuesdaj The Senate has 35 Democrat: and 15 Republicans. > Crucial Question Democratic legislative leaders who have been conferring with Governor Branigin contend that the special session will last either one long day, or at most not more than two days. The crucial question appears to be: Can the Democratic leaders maintain then- control over their colleagues in upholding Branigin's veto on a bill to abolish capital punishment? Secretary of State John D. Bottorff apparently will personally present the 21 bills vetoed by Branigin after the legislature ended its regular session March 8 to the House and the Senate. Some Democratic legislative leaders had been hopeful these vetoed measures could quietly be handed to House clerk Jeanette Surina and Senate Secretary Luella G. Cotton.' The idea apparently had been to have these officers sign receipts for the vetoed bills and downplay their actual presentation but Bottorff said he felt he (Continue'! on Pa;e Five) Wet Snow in West— Weatherman Promises Showers to Continue By United Press International Stormy weather kept Hoosiers on the alert through much of the weekend, with severe weather forecasts and a tornado warning or two issued and at least one little twister causing minor damage. A baby tornado was reported in Tipton County Sunday afternoon as a squall line swept across the state with strong winds and moderate rainfall developing. The little twister was reported first at the north edge of Tipton, where a house trailer owned by Paul Grimme was turned upside down at the KLM Trailer Court on Indiana 19. The tornado touched down again about four miles northeast of Tipton, tearing the roof from an outbuilding along Indiana 213. Two tornado warnings were issued Sunday—one for Lake County after two funnel clouds ,were seen in the afternoon in nearby Illinois, the other for Vermillion, Parke, Montgomery, Fountain, Warren and Tippecanoe Counties after a tornado was reported near Lovington, 111., in the evening. Severe thunderstorm alerts were issued for various areas of the state both Saturday and Sunday. Silt on Highways Strong winds blew clouds of dust from plowed fields and mixed it with rain to provide a hazardous coating of silt on highways throughout the storm area. As a result, many traffic accidents occurred, at least two of them fatal. Rainfall totals for the 24 hours ending at 7 a.m. today included Vincennes 1.43, Bedford 1.12. Peru 1.10, Indianapolis and Louisville 1.01. Spencer .97, Frankfort .75, Portland .70, Seymour' .76, Noblesville .58, Knightstown .68, Crawfordsville II II Diary of A Disaster Begins Today in News A book-length chronology of the Palm Sunday tornadoes in Indiana will be published by The Greensburg Daily News beginning today. The story, "Dairy of a Disaster," was written by Boyd Gill and Don Wallis, Jr., of the Indianapolis bureau of United Press International. It is being distributed by UPI to its subscriber newspapers and is illustrated with photographs from the disaster scene. One chapter will be published each day, five days a week, until the series is finished about the middle of July. This is a dramatic story, community by community, of Indiana's worst disaster in history which killed 139 persons, injured more than 1,200 and caused nearly $100 million in property damage. We believe you will not only enjoy reading the story but that you will want to save the clippings from day to day as a permanent record of an important chapter in contemporary Hoosier history. Read "Diary of A Disaster," beginning today on Page 2. .24, Shoals .98. Columbus .54, Ft. Wayne .36, Evansville .47, Lafayette .13, Cincinnati .26. John Harmon, at bis station south of Greensburg, measured the rainfall at .47 of an inch. At the waterworks in Greensburg it was recorded as .34 of an inch. Temperatures hit the 80s rContinued on P»B* Eight) WEATHER H'mon City 5 a. m 55 63 11 a. m 73 72 Rainfall 21 .05 Max. Sat 89 87 Min. Sat 59 64 Max. S'un 86 85 Min. Sun 65 65 Rainfall 26 .29 LATE WEATHER — Partly cloudy extreme northwest, considerable cloudiness with scattered showers and thundershowers in south and extreme east portions this afternoon and south portion tonight. Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer with scattered thundershowers south. Low tonight in the 60s. High Tuesday in the 80s. Sunset today 8:11 p. m. Sunrise Tuesday 5:17 a. m. Outlook for Wednesday: Partly cloudy and warm. Chance of showers northwest by afternoon. Lows mid 60s. Highs mid 80s. TONIGHT Lions. Rotary. City Council. Rainbow Girls. Odd Fellows. Legion. Daughters of America.'/ Decatur County Camera;-Club. Boy Scouts. Crads'Photos" Appear Tuesday , Pictures of this year's Greensburg Community High School graduates will appear in Tuesday's issue of The Greensburg Daily News. Persons wishing extra copies of the paper are requested to call 663-3111 or 663-3112 before noon Tuesday. A total of 178 received diplomas this year—a new record for the school. Pictures of 177 were made available for reproduction. Stewart to Resign As GOP Chief INDIANAPOLIS (UPI)—Robert N. Stewart of Columbus announced today he will submit •his resignation as chairman of the Indiana Republican State Central Committee June 15. Stewart said he has called a meeting of the 22-member state committee on that date to turn in the resignation, which will end 25 months at the helm of the party. The resignation came as no surprise. Speculation that it was near had been rife for months. Stewart said he plans to spend three.weeks in Russia on a tour sponsored by a national program headed by former President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Stewart is known as - a staunch member of the conservative wing of the GOP. . When' Stewart took over the chairmanship in May, 1963, at the biennial' party reorganization meetings, the party was faced with a $175,000 debt. The following November, however, in the municipal elections •GOP mayor candidates unseated many Democratic incumbents and won a majority of the mayor offices in the 111 cities of.the state. Year of Reverses However, 1964 was a year of reverses as President Johnson carried Indiana, the first time a Democratic presidential candidate had done so since 1936, and the party elected a U. S. senator, governor and all other state candidates as well as a majority of congressional seats. Stewart, 36, began his political career as Bartholomew County- chairman in 1958. He was elected 9th District chairman in 1962. Now the state organization is free of debt and has money in the bank. Stewart said he and 20 other Midwest agriculture leaders will visit agricultural exhibits and farms in Russia studying grain and livestock production. He is a limestone distributor and operates a farm in Decatur County. Woman Hurt In $1,000 Auto Crash A local woman was injured and property damage was estimated in excess of $1,000 in a single-ear crash on the Moscow Road a mile northwest of Greensburg at 7:30 a. m. today. Mrs. Judith Ann Misner, 22, R. R. 1, Greensburg, was treated at Memorial Hospital here for a lip laceration. According to Sheriff Irvin Gidley, the accident occurred as Mrs. Misner, driving north, was just north of the Interstate 74 overpass. Her auto went off the east side of County Road 100W. The sheriff said Mrs. Misner's auto struck a fence on the John Kuntz farm, scraped a utility pole and crashed into a culvert abutment. Damage to the 1963-model auto was estimated in excess of $1,000 and that to the fence at $10. Other Accidents Two minor traffic accidents- one shortly before noon Sunday and the other at 6:45 a. m. today —were investigated by local police. The accident at 11:20 a. m. Sunday occurred on North Ireland, just south of North Michigan Avenue, and involved a car driven south on Ireland by Donald Sears of Cincinnati, O., and a parked auto belonging to Donald Snyder, R. R. 3. The Snyder CCuntmned on taft Eifbt) Landed Aboard Carrier "Feeling Greats-Hungry By ALVIN B. WEBB Jr. SPACE CENTER, HOUSTON (UPI) — Space aces James McDivitt and Edward White splashed,down on schedule but 48 miles 'off target in the Atlantic toddy and ended their epic four-day space flight "feeling great," hungry and full of pep. Helicopters with swimmers aboard hovered protectively over the two Air Force majors after their fiery descent from the heavens and their calm glide through the atmosphere by parachutes attached to their Gemini-4 capsule. Exactly 35 minutes after hitting the water, both pilots were hoisted from a life raft to a helicopter for the short flight to the aircraft carrier Wasp steaming toward them. A red carpet welcome was prepared for them, along with razors and hot showers. They. splashed down at 1:12 p.m. EOT, after 97 hours and 57 minutes aloft. At 2:09 p.m. EDT they landed on the deck of the Wasp to the cheers of more than 2,000 crewmen and the blare of a brass band. They walked down a red carpet and vanished in the sick bay for the first of a series of post- flight physical examinations-. They were all smiles as they got into the helicopter for the brief flight to the Wasp — a snail's pace trip at the end of a 1.7-million mile voyage through 62 orbits of the earth at 17,500 miles per hour. They brought down with them these records: —More time in space than all other U.S. astronauts combined. —A U.S. endurance record. —The first self - propelled space walk that lasted twice the time of the 1.0-minute uncontrolled spacewalk of Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov. —Longer time in space than any other spacemen except pne_—_Soviet_cosmonaut Valery F." Bykovsky who logged 119 hours in space in 1963. "Great Shape" Physicians reported McDivitt, 35, and White, 34, in "great shape." "Hooray, Hooray!, we're going to the Wasp," McDivitt said as he waited in his capsule. He had joked right through the final orbit and both he and co-pilot White, the world's first self-propelled spacewalker, declined to take pep pills to keep them going before firing the rockets that would bring them down. A faulty computer forced the Gemini twins to let nature take its course after kicking in maneuver rockets over Hawaii and the retro-rockets over Mexico. Plans to let McDivitt control the the Atlantic were and gravity took descent to abandoned over to bring them down. The 48-miles they fell short were plotted minutes in advance BULLETINS NEW CASTLE — A 17-year- old boy was killed today when a car driven by a 15-year-old girl hit a tree near New Castle. Floyd Guffey of New Castle died of a fractured skull in the accident on a Henry County road three miles west of New Castle when Peggy Williams, 15, lost control of the vehicle. Injured critically were Mary Morrison, 16, New Castle; her brother, Danny, 18, and the Williams girl. WASHINGTON (UPI) —The Supreme Court today by a 5-4 vote nullified the federal law which bars Communist party members from serving as union officers. WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Supreme Court today reversed the 1962 swindling conviction of Texas financier Billie Sol Estes because part of his trial was televised and broadcast. Estes is now serving a 15-year term in the federal prison at Leavenworth, Kan., for mail fraud and conspiracy. The Supreme Court previously refused to review the mail fraud conviction, and today's decision had no effect on his current imprisonment. WASHINGTON (UPI) — The Supreme Court today struck down Connecticut's 1879 anti- birth control law, which forbids use of contraceptives by anyone, including married couples. The vote was 7 to 2, with Justice William O. Douglas speaking for the majority. and a helicopter already in the air was en route to the scene as the parachutes that began popping at 50,000 feet brought the capsule to the water. By 1:50 p. m. EDT, both men were on their way to the Wasp for debriefing, medical tests and the start of a combined rest and series of examinations that will help determine man's ability to withstand long periods of weightlessness. White did exercises in the capsule before getting out, mission control reported. Both men had blood pressure tests made via radio while waiting to be taken from the metal container, the size of a bedroom closet, that had been their cramped and crowded home for four days. Soft Splash A helicopter dipped down to try to retrieve the 84-foot parachute that opened at 10,600 feet to float the capsule down to a relatively soft splash. A report from mission control said the 'chute apparently sank. It had been disconnected from the. capsule on touchdown. The weather was excellent, with 10-mile visibility, three-or four-foot • swells and a warm sun. The temperature was near i. Swimmers gave a "thumbs up" signarto'helicbpters-als'-tney peered into the capsule to see the astronauts. At 1:42 p. m. White climbed from the right-hand hatch—the same hatch that caused trouble after the spacewalk on Thursday when the pilots had a difficult time closing it. A helicopter was within five miles of it and reported a visual sighting. The official time given for the splashdown was 1:13 p.m. EDT, mission control said. There was radio contact between the capsule and the aircraft carrier Wasp's recovery forces in the splash area between Florida and Bermuda. McDivitt and White requested a helicopter pickup. The Wasp made quick calculations and reported the capsule bobbing in three to four- foot swells. The carrier was 48 miles away. Four minutes before splashdown, McDivitt and White broke through the radio "blackout" zone caused by the superheat of their reentry into earth's atmosphere and established voice contact with the Wasp. The Wasp radioed that the White pilots said they were "feeling great." Except for falling short of the target zone, everything appeared on sch'e'dule* 'at' the win'd- up of the 62-orbit flight that was America's longest and most dramatic venture into space. At 12:44 p.m. EDT, the maneuvering rockets were fired over Hawaii. This slowed the craft from its 17,500-mile-an- hour orbital speed and brought them into a lower path. Over Guaymas, Mexico, the four oowerful retro-rockets were kicked in. This put the craft into the glide path toward splashdown. ' Computer Failure Because a computer failed, McDivitt could not control the bird and, as Project Mercury astronauts did beiore him, let gravity pull him down without using the controls. The Wasp, steaming full speed toward the hobbling capsule, reported it should reach the capsule at 2:45 p.m. EDT and hoist it out of the water. The crew was being fished out of the sea by helicopter and taken to the Wasp where a brass band, a red carpet and —best of all—razors and hot showers were waiting. Neither man has shaved or washed (Continued on Page Six) GEMINI PARACHUTE LANDING SEQUENCE 50,000 FEET 21,000 FEET 10,400 FEET 9,400 FEET 9,000 FEET 6,700 FEET 1,500 FEET SEA LEVEL HIGH ALTITUDE 08OGUE CHUTE DEPLOYED OPEN CABIN VENT VALVE PILOT PAUCHUTE DEPLOYED It & II SECTION SEPAIATION MAIN CHUTE DEPLOYMENT TWO-POINT SUSPENSION CAIINWATEt SEAL CLOSED TOUCHDOWN =• JETTISON CHUTE THE LANDING — This illustration from NASA's manual on the Gemini space flight shows the various operations of the parachute landing.
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