The Progress from Clearfield, Pennsylvania on January 6, 1960 · Page 14
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The Progress from Clearfield, Pennsylvania · Page 14

Clearfield, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 6, 1960
Page 14
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PAGE SIX THE PROGRESS, Clearfield, Curwensville, Philipsburg, Moshannon Valley, Pa., Wednesday, January 6, 1960 JU _,,.... , v , _ , , ,, . , . EDITORS for years had dreamed of illustrating wire news THEM, as now, there was New Years Day football and this w . fh pictures that arrived simultaneously with the story. Wirephoto sent by los Angeles showed Alabama's All-America Dixie Howell running against Stanford in the Rose bowl. The scene of a fire in Cherokee County, S. C., in which five men died was sent by Atlanta shortly after Wirephoto opened. MOVIE STARS Frances Drake, Dick Powell, Mary Brian and William Gargan (left to right), celebrate the arrival of 1935 in Ihis Wirephoto sent by Los Angeles. MIAMI joined in starting Wirephoto with this scene showing Eleanor Holm Jarrett, Olympic swimming star, being crowned queen of 1935. Brought Today's Pictures with Today t s News... Wirephoto, 25 Years Old, Changed Face of Journalism By TED BOYLE New York's bedlam of bells had long since quieted. Chicago was tapering off. San Francisco was poised for the first tumultous minutes of the year 1935. It was almost 3 a. m. in New York. But the anxious group of men hovering over odd-looking machines had no thought of the New Year holiday. Christmas, too, had pass ed in much the same fashion -- w ho started the first picture racing ·work in the midst of a tangled, but precise, mass of wires, lights, meters and the odd-looking machines. The men were oblivious to across the continent, is now chief engineer for AP. Norris Huse, who headed the photo department and helped organize the network, is occasional sounds of revelry that dead. sifted through windows closed Even the spot w h ere the first tight against the New Year cold. Would they succeed where others had failed? Newspictures by wire was a fantasy to many in those days, although editors had dreamed for years of pictures streaming across their desks at the same time as wire stories they illustrated. As recently as 18 months before, one firm had dropped the quest after spending $2,800,000 and years of time. Across the country, in 47 newspaper offices in 25 cities other anxious men, too intent to yawn despite the hour, were grouped around similar strange apparatus. Wirephoto machine was located is lost. The Associated Press moved to Rockefeller Center from the office building at 383 Madison Ave. in 1938. The latter structure since has been extensively renovated and probably a stenographer occupies the spot, unaware that newspaper h i s t o r y was made there. Arnold Fehse, now Wirephoto operations supervisor in New York was then supervising traffic engineer for AP at the Omaha (Neb.) World-Herald. Fehse recalls: "I can remember everyone in the office crowded around the amazing, new machines, waiting They, too, speculated on the (or that first chances for success. were a }j tt } e The last of the tangle of brightly the first picture colored wires was checked. Meters O f the crowd at were studied. The last test picture, a shot of Brooklyn Bridge, had gone well. New York was ready-this was official. Over a network of telephones linking the 515 cities New York announced it was about to begin. An engineer glanced around th6| small room, took a deep breath, and flipped a switch. Technicians, executives, c u r i o u s newsmen crowded forward as a cylinder on the machine began to rotate, emitting a high-pitched electronic whistle. Cylinders on the machines in Chicago, San Francisco, Atlanta, Kansas City, Boston, Syracuse, Philadelphia and other cities started to spin simultaneously. Minutes ticked off. The men spoke in whispers and shuffled transmission, disappointed Some when was not a shot Times Square- it being New Year's. But then someone in the crowd reasoned that with AP top news came first --and the rescue of those flyers was a big story. 1 ' Looking back 25 years, Carlson said: "When everyone had reported the first Wirephoto picture received perfectly, we all uneasily as the cylinders whirled a n d electric impulses surged through 10,000 miles of wire. The picture was a large one, 11 x 17, requiring 17 minutes for completion. Finally the machines stopped. In the 25 receiving cities attendants rushed the negatives i n t o darkrooms and in m i n u t e s emerged, triumphantly carrying photographic prints--such remarkable prints that only an expert could tell the difference between them and'the original still wrapped around the cylinder in New York. It was spot news, too. Only hours before, survivors of an air crash had been photographed high in the Adirbndacks of New York State. The picture, rushed to New York, showej them and their rescuers near the scene of the crash. Many readers saw the picture later was felt greatly releived. Norris Huse was the first to break the silence. 'Harold,' he said, 'I guess you knew it would work--but I wouldn't have bet a nickel on it.' "Not only did it work, it continues to work, and through research is being made to work better all the time." That night a quarter-century ago climaxed more than 90 years of experiments a n d dreaming by Correct Income Tax Form Can Save You From Overpayment (Editor's Note: This is the first in a series of articles on federal income tax filing. These articles are based on information provided by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and thf Pennsylvania Institute of Cert fied Public Accountants in cooperation with the Internal Revenue Service.) Millions of dollars are unintentionally "contributed" to the government by American taxpayers each year. These contributions are from people who pay more than their share in taxes simply because they do not take time to find out how much they owe the government. Taxpayers have a choice between taking a standard deduction deductions, many generations. Samuel F. B. Morse had effectively harnessed the strange electrical impulses to send messages over wires by 1".38, when he demonstrated his telegraph sy*tern to President Van Buren and his cabinet. It wasn't long before man's genius led him to wondering if t h e s e impulses couldn't be made to send images and pictures. First experiments were made in the early 1840's constructed in many laboratories but they were either improctica 01 fell far short of producing good pictures. As early as 1847 a scientist transmitted sketches by wire. They were drawn on tinfoil with ink made with insulating shellac. An electrified needle was used to scan that day in their newspapers and)the sketch. The electric circuit wondered: "What will they doj w a s broken as the needle passed next?" over the shellac lines and this The successful network for ( f o n n e ( j the image or chemically newspicture transmission w a s pre p are d paper on the receiving under way. But one picture can't (j rum Metal needles or styh were establish a network. Would it con-' use( j f or scanning in early experi tinue to work? San Francisco took the wire, cylinders whirled again, and out of the magic apparatus came a of Chinese residents cele- New Year. ments until replaced by the photo electric cell, which is the hear of today's Wirephoto. Probably the system that eam closet to success before Wire photo -- was inaugurated by Amer scene brating the Occidental Chicago followed with of a Loop celebration, sent the midnight scene at Times ] set up anc | operated eight sendmj Square. The latter prints, 10 x 8| an( j receiving centers-in the natioi in size, each required only eight | and transmitted pictures for phot a picture lcan Telephone and Telegraph Co New York ln the early 1920' r A. T. and T minutes for transmission. An By todaj's. standards the TWENTY - FIVE years ago New Year's Day The Associated Press Wirephoto service started with this picture. Engineers, executives and editors crowded around the new Wirephoto machines in New York and 25 cities across the nation as the service got under way at 3 a. m. The picture shows four survivors (left) from a wrecked airliner and their rescuers deep in the Adirondack Mountains. mng the backing ot enough pub- ishers and editors in the cooperative to engage in this radical ven- or itemizing their which may result in larger tax savings. All too frequently, some taxpayers pass up the greater tax saving possibilities of itemizing their deductions because the procedure appears complicated. By following the line-by-line explanations given in the instruction Booklet received from the Internal Revenue Service and by noting the general advice contained in this series of articles, most taxpayers will be able to handle Form 1040A, Form 1040W or Form 1040 wirhout any need for outside help. Today's article considers t h e choice you have between the various individual income tax return forms. If you choose the wrong one, you may automatically cut yourself off from many legitimate tax savings. The simple is within the limits for filing Form! 1040A, you might as well join the millions of other taxpayers who will be using this form on or before April 15. This year a new individual income tax return form arrives on the scene. , .Form 1040W. This bobtailed version of Form 1040 can be used regardless of the amount ol your income from wages or salary, and regardless of your tax status--that is whether you are filing as, "Head of Household," "Surviving Spouse," and so on. The only limitation is thflt any other income you may have must only be from interest or dividends and 'cannot exceed $200. If, for one of the reasons outlined, you cannot file Form 1040A, but would still prefer to take a standard deduction, you can do so on Form 1040 or Form 1040W. The standard deduction is $1,000 ($500 or a married person filing a separate return on 10 per cent of your adjusted gross income, whichever s less. If your adjusted gross income is $5,000 or less, you can use the tax table in the instruction aooklet to compute your income tax. The tax table automatically allows for the standard deduction. If you decide to give a second thought to itemizing your deduc- ;ions, you will find that it is not nearly as complicated as it at first appeared. It may be worthwhile to make the extra effort. Perhaps you own real estate or had unusual medical expenses or deductible IMas Vintage Year for Whacky News ih State By RUSSELL LANDSTRGM PHILADELPHIA (AP) - Say what you will about 1959, it was certainly a vintage year for wacky news in Pennsylvania. While most people pondered the more serious doings of a world spinning ever more giddily certain Merry Andrews were enrich- ng the offbeat lore of the state with at times fantastically inspired card Form 1040A By comparison with the quality of today's news pictures the early transmissions were not sharp. As larlson points out: "A man could get away with wearing a mussed-up suit in early pictures-by-wire. But even before ,he war, Wirephoto had been improved to the extent that every wrinkle in a suit would show up." That first transmission was only the beginning for AP's engineering laboratory. It soon designed a suitcase-sied portable Wirephoto transmitter This sends pictures over ordinary telephone wires into the national network from the most remote scenes of fires, floods, earthquakes. A small receiver was designed and Wirephoto became available to small papers. Early Wirephoto equipment weighed tons and required space equal to a good-sized office Today it is only as big as a desk. Two outstanding developments in per minute is still standard in|p ic t ur es were of poor quality, the photo transmission. [system required almost two hour Associated Press Wirephoto, ] to pre pare a photo 'for transmis which completely revolutionized| sion and j n many cas s the limited its ! number of sending and receiving of Wirephoto and the use of radiophoto to send pictuies over vast ocean areas the first 25 years were AP Photofa\ can be used if your income was less than $10,000, and if your total income included no more than $200 above the amount of wages shown on your W-2 slips. Your name, your address, and a few other facts are all that this card equires. If you use Form 1040A and your ross income is less than $5,000, ou can either figure out yourself he tax you owe or have overpaid, r you can have the government o it for you. In any event, the orm must be filled out, signed, and ent in together with a copy of a slip from each of your employers. Before you get too enthusiastic about the simplicity of the card orm, consider these facts: 1. Your tax determined by Form 040A will be figured from a table PUBLISHERS throughout the world sought information on the new Wirephoto operation. Kent Cooper (left), then AP gen ' O J - O l - t l l l i v v ^ w i k ^ ^ M i . . . w ~ i . . . ,, VCI^L UtJecUI d l C d O . . . . . 1 1 . I \ I * A n L J ' l Wirephoto,] to prepa re a photo 'for transmis-j Photofax, introduced seven yeais 1 e r a i m a n a g e r and N o r r i s Huse (right), then AP photo editor ·-'-' : J ' - · " - ·---"---·· explained Wirephoto to Alejandro Roces Jr., a visiting Manila publisher, shortly before the service began. made years points still imposed great delays pictorial journalism, lusty entry just 25 years ago New Year's Day. on picture delivery. In 1933 In a nationwide radio address svs tem lolded. that day the late Frank B. Noyes, I Most pictures moved by fast president of The Associated Press, | train mail, 85 hours to cross the 500 called it "perhaps the most im- con t ine nt, or by airplane 24 hours, portant development in journalism an( j tne comparatively frail craft since the first news dispatch was O j t h o e days suffered many ago, receives pictures on a con- child-care expenses. Perhaps you made fairly large contributions, or suffered losses from fire, storm, accident, or theft. You may even have had deductible expenses in connection with your work. Unless you had a large income, or derived your income from many varied sources, chances are you can handle your own tax return with very little effort. Consider your return from all the possible angles. Figure out the amount you would have to pay if you claimed he standard deduction. Compare .his to the amount you would have to pay if you itemized your deductions on Form 1040W or Form 1040. If you are married, figure the difference in tax between filing a joint return and each of you filing separate returns. The Internal Revenue Service only wants you to pay the tax you owe, and suggests that you use the form and methoc of filing most advantageous to you. Too little time or care devoted to your income tax return may resuli in your accidentally paying more antics. And you can just about pick your own category. A woman whose husband had made reservations for her at a midcity Philadelphia hotel returned by mistake at midnight to the City Hall Annex across the street. She stumbled into a city health department laboratory and left with great alacrity. She complained bitterly to a phone operator that her room was filled with skeletons. In Erie, a funeral cortege hearse and all, moved in stateliness from a radio station to a riv- r where the anything-but-mourn- rs pitched in about 7,000 rock V roll records. In Philadelphia, a woman filing or a job with an industrial firm, set down that she last worked for a nudist camp and gave "change of scenery" as her reason for try- ng pastures new. A motorist was caught in a Pittsburgh traffic jam. Fed up, he left his car smack in the middle of things on a downtown street, he just lost himself in the crowd. allows you a deduction of O r less tax than you owe. While about 10 per cent of your income. Phis is fine if your allowable de-| ductions for contributions, taxes, nterest paid, medical and dental expenses, and so on, would be less :han 10 per cent of your income. But if they aren't watch out! The simple card form may cost you a egitimate tax saving. 2. There is no allowance for filing as a "Surviving Spouse," 'Head of Household," ( w h i c h tinuous roll of paper. It requires no attention and the pictures need no processing. They are ready for' w a s streaked. After rechecking something to the saying at that the engraver. jeverything, I spoke to the editor. means that you lose the tenefit of lower rates) or for claiming special credits for dividends and retirement income. 3 Sick pay can't be excluded if included in total wages on your withholding statement. Your goal is to pay (he right, minimum tax If you are sure thai these points would not cost you any tax savings, and your income he men of the Internal Revenue Service will almost certainly catch any errors of computation and send you a bill or a refund, they cannot always spot such errors as a failure to list deductible items or ,o use the proper form. The employes of the Internal Revenue Service are anxious to nelp you. They understand your problems and have tried to give you the answers you need in the instruction booklet they send each year. Read it carefully, it may help put a dollar or two back in your pocket. A man in Philadelphia, pulled in for burglary, told the judge h was two payments behind on his Cadillac. Still in Philly, a fellow stopped off to collect unemployment cash from the company that had laid him off. He told the employment manager: "Hurry up, my cab is waiting." A panhandler stopped a Philadelphia city employe outside a liquor store. The moocher tapped a package tucked under an arm and said: "Look, I got my bottle. Now how about giving me enough dough to get home and enjoy it?" In Nobelstown, a man suspected of stealing .-noney from a post office was found in the posse trying to track him down. A Philadelphian, fired for goofing off too many times, appealed to Civil Service for reinstatement as a law-enforcement clerk. He explained that he was born under the asrological sign of Sagittarius, which makes him too rest- ess to stay in one spot for more ban a few hours at a time. An apartment house tenant sued another tenant because the latter's arrot kept squawking that the rent ought'to be raised. sent by telegraph in 1846." weather delays. Photographs many The first pictures sent m the,times reached editors desks long The majority of the more than He informed me he had ordered AP Wirephoto network sub- an artlst to p a i n t in some defect's, admiral the U. S on AP Photofax machines AP began regular transmissions by radiophoto in 1951 to South' was a radiophoto without them.' " One of the arguments against America. This has expanded and the other four a half inch wide. 1 PRESCRIPTIONS BABY NELDS - COSMETICS Fnuntaip Service i Guglielmi Drug Store Curwensville -- Phone 59 , amatic opening transmission are a iier the news event they illus- daily transmissions to Europe and ter " century ag ° was , that t h e r e , _, ,_ _ j i r--,,,»*-- ,, T-, T-, . mi. -. _ _ i .-. _i:ni\\ere not enough ?oQd carefully preserved in Associated Press files. Almost 50 news events were illustrated that clay, w i t h pictures arriving almost trated had been forgotten. Cooper of AP fumed at the picture delay. j 0 ]establishment of Wirephoto a qua- · not enough good newspictures riOVV^'a OnO the Far East. The system is ..... growing. Today it is possible to to 3 ustlf y ll - Today pictures FOR EVERY OCCASION taneously with the story. Editors were enthusiastic. The group of men who partici- . , send a photo from Europe to Japan racin S across the country on Wire- --. r _ simul-1 when scientists at A T. T.'s in just eight minutes. ? hot °l! n . a j; !ona l ne ^ vorki [ n addl - Town Country FLORIST Bell Telephone Laboratories announced they had perfected a machine with a new approach to paled in that historic event are the principle of sending pictures, " - - - " - ~ J "- - r -- J - ' demonstration long fight to well-scattered now. Some, course, are dead. Kent Cooper, then general manager of The Associated Press and the man responsible for Wire- photo's tremendous success, is re- of Cooper watched a and then began a convince his news cooperative that AF should enter the business of transmitting its own pictures. With the skill and daring of a field tired. Harold Carlson, the engineer general Cooper succeeded in win- Carlson said new equipment has l ' on 26 AP state Wirephoto net-, ehminatco much of the static and works feature local and regional DI 2 . 2 400 interference marring early iadio-|P IC ' ure co\erage __.___. photo experiments He likes to tell 1 Where do all the pictures come the story of the editor in South from 9 Who needs them'' S. Center Drive Philipsburg [ S H O P a n d S A V E FOR THE HOME AND FAMILY W. T. Grant Co. America. Well, a writer wouldn't he e\"Reception was perfect, for the pected to agree completely \\ith first picture," iccalls Carlson, who the Chinese proverb that one was in the country setting up the ture is \voith 10,000 worJs pic- But, srrsice. "But when it appeared m^ie'll concede that 23 jears of \Vue- the local newspaper I noticed it,photo have demonstrated t h e i e s ' For All Voui HARDWARE NEEDS - Shop Malloy Hardware Co. 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