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The Fresno Morning Republican from Fresno, California • Page 19

The Fresno Morning Republican from Fresno, California • Page 19

Fresno, California
Issue Date:

THE FRESNO MORNING REPUBLICAN SUNDAY JANUARY 18 1910 NAME IS A PART Frederick Remington Poet By Nature Debt of State to This Pioneer Banker Is Man Who Forged a Language for Formosa Took the Palm If such It was nitiMt bo regarded ns a verv cheap and piltrv deception alongside of the exploits accredited to George Psalmnnuzar and other really Plover prevaricators after wandering over Europe In manv pliturosque disguises passed himself off as a Japanese convert from Formosa and fooled the bishop of London as well ns tile savants of Oxford lie invented not only a fabulous geography of Formosa but an entire lunguuge grammar and all which bo declared to be Formosan Compared with this Impostor or even with the Irelund who forged a Shakespearean play and tho Macphornnn who wrote the OssUmlii poems Dr Cook appears as a very amateur of Munchausens nnd Ids Inventive genius decidedly deficient There Is still one chance however to inscribe Ills name on the roll of fame If it shall be proved that he consciously deceived the world and got away with $100000 of Its money he must be acclaimed as tho greatest holdup man of all times and hls light nlng forav excels the dashing exploits of Jesse James Pittsburg summer huunt He lived In the opeu irorn Buiuee to sunsut A house was au abomination to bun "Come on out us stutiy" lie said when lured Irsiile for a moment Memos' wus a tuvurite sains with Him anil every for an hour when un opponent was hunuv he would pluy the guine with ad ms might "Just to get up a sweat" hu declared evciy mail should get up sweut once a uuy to be tieulthy He ulwuys wus In the pink of condition tus face was us ruddy us longshoreman and bis muscles were us strong us trained utiueie Trup-snooung was otiotbcr diveision ot ms and be kept bis eye Well trained wltu a little gun piuy He lien' mroe or Frederic Remington poet by nature Idealist by Instinct painter by profession and a cow buy at heart aid one of the strongest exponents of the simple life was born In Canton October 4 1861 Ueyldos these attributes ho possessed a strong literary Inclination which came to light at Irregular Intervals throughout his varied career Remington the original first American artist to awaken to the realization that In this country there lemalned a class of people unknown to the artist's world whllo the leader In his field won thnt distinction primarily because he struck the Idea of Invading a field hitherto History of Census Taking Briefly told the history of census fa Senate pigeonhole The third cenaut taking In the United States la that wag the first to Include any sort of twelve tlnu-g we have made Inquiry Inquiry outside of population data As Into our state as a nation at a total an after thougnt $2000 was npprpriated collecting the names of the manufacturer of the United Plates Population had approximately doubled In the 20 years slgce the tlist census and the cost of mnklng the count had quadrupled The fourth census inude a number of Inquiries beyond those preceding among t'tem being uestlons showing the number of unnaturalized foreigners and the numhor of persons engaged In agriculture commerce and manufactures Later a special art caused some Investigations to be made with reference to manufactures The fifth census returned largely to Inquiries limited to population a provision was made for a revision of all the provlous census reports This report was hastily and heedlessly made and General Walker who had chnrge of the ninth and tenth jensuses says it was filled with errors to huch an outlay of more than $57000000 The thirteenth census will bring the total expenditure to upward of $70000000 Starting out In 1700 with but four questions about a single subject of Inquiry population the work expanded In 100 years to suchta remarkable extent that In 1890 there were 81 separate sublect sot Inquiry carrying 13161 questions The must remarkable expansion of the work of census taking took place at the tenth census In 1880 At the preceding census there had been but 12 subjects of Inquiry embracing only 156 details or questions In 1880 the number of subjects of Inquiry was Increased lrom 12 26 and the number of questions from 156 to 13010 The lesson of the top-heav- Iness of the tenth and eleventh censuses did not fall to Impress Itself on Congress and that body limited the untouched and brought before the art- lour guns un ms Islund and when thu It was fitting that Mills should end his days In the state with the development of which his name Is Inseparably linked for three decades he had been a national figure In the world of finance but he had never failed to return for a few months annually to his Mlllbrae homo In San Mateo county and It was there that he was destined to pass away Among the first of the pioneers to determine that California was not a mere stopping place on tlig road to for- extent as to be valueless- Ho observed i tune he established Ills home In Sacra Those who gave credence to the claim of Dr Cook to havo reached the north polo need not be disconcerted by the verdict that hls claim Is unfounded or the gleeful self-satisfaction of the people who denounced hitn from the first it would require a nature schooled in duplicity and Inured to deception to Buspect as an Impostor every one who comes along Salvertu a French philosopher declared that is credulous because he Is naturally and fehakespeure who knew human nature so well assures us that "suspicion alwavs haunts the guilty It Is no disgrace to have believed the plausible doctor from the City of Churches and It would be a most uncomfortable world if we had to act upon the theorv that all men are liars guilty until proved Innocent Nor on the other hand need those who now loudly proclaim Cook as the greatest faker that ever lived plume themselves upon having anticipated the verdict of history It Is hardly likely that -the doctor will be able to rehabilitate himself but even so he cannot hope to occupy the most exalted niche In the gallery of Imposters Hls fraud CHILD DIES FROM BURNS RECEIVED WHILE HER BLIND FATHER TRIES TO AID HER OAKLAND January 14 After suffering great agony for thirty-six hours four-year-old Etta Olsen who was horribly burned In her home Wednesday night while her blind father mulo ineffectual attempts to rescue her died tonight at the hospital The little girl was frightfully scarred by the flames portions of the flesh on her body having been literally cooked The child was alone with- her father on the night of the accident and stumbled over a small gas heater which sot fire to her clothing shooting stuson was on be was olf to the woudeu shores or to the wild Isamus tor game lie loved to "play" as well as ue loved to work and when be played lie pluyed hard He -could outtrump a seasoned wtooaman and at nearly all times exhausted bis companions on the hgnt He would re turn to hls pome at utter a tweutv-mlie puddle as fresh as a lurk He never wus Idle He was as restless and as brimful of energy as a student on hls summer vacation The marvel of It ull wus how ttie glunt ot a mun got down to close work In hls studio handling the tiny brushes and skillfully mixing hls colors from the tubes that were like little specks In his big bands Remington did not quite understand it himself "I wasn't cut out for a painter" he stated "Nature meant me for a coal heaver or a wooilehopper" And yet the exquisite fingers of a Suint-Ouudens never molded the clay with more deljcacy than Remington wielded the brush AT INGLhBROOK Some of hls best work was produced at Inglebrook on the Chippewa where he spent hls summers In the winter he would run awav to Arizona to "get a little air" he explained but In the cool of the St Lawrence breezes beneath the hush of the cedars and the swash of the water on the rockribbed shores In front of hls he revealed himself The "den" was only a small pine cabin as plain as a foreigner's shack but along Its sides eight and ten canvasses that reflected the genius of the habitant always were noticeable No artist was more modest about his work than Remington and it was only at the end of a season's work that he would consent to turn the canvas to view He was as unique as one of his own creations Tall rotund as President loving world tho cowboy nnd his wavs of living alwavs Interesting even to the Westerners Remington made a sueeesB of his work because he felt everything he placed on canvas Hail his genius with the palette and brush not overtaken him he would have been a herder hunter and trapper on the plains of Arizona or In the mountains of Colo rado He loved the life which hls paintings anil sketches portrayed and lmted the city Months of each year after he had finally abandoned all desires to mount a bucking broncho and clothe himself In cowbov costume as a profession were spent in close association with tho men whom he por-traveil OF REVOLUTIONARY STOCK He was a descendant of John Remington who settled In Tewksbury Mass in 1637 Four of his ancestors were In tho Revolutionary war and hls grandfather fought alongside of Jack-son In the war of 1812 Col Samuel Remington who distinguished himself In the Civil war and who was an editor In Ogifensburg was hts father Frederic Remlrgton after leaving high school finished at the Vermont Episcopal Institute Burlington Vt Later he attended the Yale Art School and the New York Art Lea ue Other yding American artists were meklng mad rushes to Europe the South Sea Islands and to the various quarters of tho globe when Remington received his diploma at the last-named Institution They were in search of local color they said America at-' 'ded no models which had not been to they complained and each outgoing steamer carried scores of enthusiastic artists and painters to foreign points Remington's trips through the West mento and founded tho Bank of Mills He Co an Institution thut at once took rank among the fori most of California His deep Insight Into the principles of banking carried the house through the uncertain days of the when communities might rise In night only to be a desert within a few months The value of the confidence he earned at that time was seen In the late when Palmer Cook He Co went under and the San Francisco banking houses were thrown Into a panic for fortunes were lost In a day but tile house of Mills He Co here In Saern mento never shook and came out of the disturbance more solid than ever California remained on a gold basis during the Civil War while the rest of the country conducted Its affairs with the debased greenbaeks That this wa possible was due to Mr Mills as much as to any other man for his Institution malnta'ned itself upon a sound money business and led the way that others were compelled to follow In 1864 foreseeing the Importance of San Francisco as the money center of the Pacific coast he removed to that city and while retaining his financial Interests In Sacramento became president of the Bank of California which he was Instrumental In founding Under his direction It became the most Important factor In money matters west of the Mississippi and It retained that position until his retirement from the presidency In 1873 The causeB for that withdrawal have never been written nor would he discuss them but It is known that be was not In sympathy with the speculative methods of Ralston the cashier who succeeded him In the presidency When the Bank of allfornla failed In 1875 It Is said that Mr Mills d'd not own ten shares of the stock Nevertheless to this sound banker' the stricken business community turned to guide it The Bank of California was our main artery of commerce and finance Its suspension paralyzed California anil Ncada and tne effects were felt disastrously even in New York To rehabilitate the institution was the task for a giant the difficulties In the way were enormous Yet rA 'U ja scope of the Investigations of the twelfth census to four population agriculture manufactures and vital statistics leaving all other Inquiries to special Investigations The thirteenth census will follow the lines of the twelfth In the limitation of the scope of Inquiry except that vital statistics will be omitted and mines and quarries substituted About half of the United States Is now Included in-what Ib known as area" where births and deaths and the cause of death are registered bv local authorities The permanent census now prepares an annual report om mortality statistics so that the occasion for vital statistical Inquiries by the thirteenth census has been removed It Is indeed a far erv from the 17 marshals and 200 assistants with their quill pens and saddlebags who took and prepared the returns of the first census In 1790 to the director and his force of 70000 assistants with their lectrlcal tabulating machinery who will take the forthcoming census of 1910 Likewise It Is a long lourney from the $44000 that was spent In taking the first census to the $14000000 that will be spent In the taking of the thirteenth The first census was taken solely as a means of determining the number of people in each state so that representation In Congress might be fixed according to the constitution It was In- tended also to determine the apportionment of direct taxes the Imposition of which the convention makes dependent upon population The act providing for the first census does not mention the fact that It was to be a census It mav be said that there Is not the slightest evidence that the fathers of the nation ever thought It would amount to more than a counting of noses The other matters of Inquiry have all come as incidentals of the main constitutional Inqulr" as to population a sort of by-product of these tei-vear counts of opulatlon The framers of the-Constitutlon put a wise check upon the early census authorities They understood full well that there would be a constant tendency to exaggerate population by every state in the hope of Increasing Its rep resentatlon In Congress The state which Was tempted to exaggerate its population in order to get increased representation ip Congress wpuld find Itself in danger of having a larger direct tax than was Its sha-e By applying the desire for a smaller showing of population against the desire for the higher showing they were able to secure a true report In late censuses the 'direct tax provision has lost Its terrors but such a careful watch Is kept upon the work of the enumerators that although there are many interests which would exaggerate population the chances for doing so are growing fewer with each recurring decennial There was disappointment oVer the showing of the last census Many thought It made the population too small on the ground that it was supposed to be for purposes of taxation Thomas Jefferson unhesitatingly expressed his belief that it was erroneous and as Secretary of State notified the representatives of the United States abroad that the returns were far short of the truth and he was careful to supply many omissions In red Ink Subsequent events Indicate that the first census was as a matter of fact a very accurate one and that the trouble was in the previously made over-estimates of the colonial population The second census differed from the first In that It had an official head the Secretary of State When the legislation authorizing the census was pending Congress was memorialized to extend Its Inquiries to many subjects but the petitions were buried In left an Impression on him which his i Taft small of face and form muscu- er 1 --ft? 1 GROWS HAIR and we can PROVE IT! A lldy from Minnesota writes: a result of using Danderme my hair is close to five feet In Beautiful Hair at Small Cost HAIR troubles like many other diseases have been wrongly diagnosed and altogether mis understood The hair itself is not the thing to be treated for the reason that it is simply product of the scalp and wholly dependeut upon its action The scalp is the very soil in which the hair is pro-duced nurtured and grown end it alone should receive the attention if results are to be expected It would do no earthly good to treat the stem of a plant with a view of making it grow and become more the soil Jo which the plant grows must be attended to Therefore the scalp In which thohair grows must receive the Attention if you ere to expect it to grow and become more beautiful Loss of hair is caused by the scalp drying up or losing its supply of moisture or nutriment when baldness occurs the scnlp has simply lost all its nourishment leaving nothing for the hair to feed upon (a plant or even tree would die under similar conditions The natural thing to do in either case is to feed and replenish the soil or scalp as the case maybe and your crop will grow and multiply as nature intended it should Danderlne has ft most wonderful effect upon the hair glands and tissues of the scalp It is the only remedy for the hair ever discovered that is similar to the natural hair foods or liquids of the scalp It penetrates the pores quickly and the hair soon shows the effects of Its wonderfully exhilarating and life-producing qualities One 25-cent bottle is enough to convince you of its great worth as a hair growing and hair beautifying try it and see for yourself NOW at all druggists In three sizes 25cJ SOo and $100 perhottto Al yf' i ns? lonp- stay in the various art schools failed to erase On the contrary mo-e and more the Idea that the Westerners particularly the cowboys famed In song and story were vet neglected ir the realm of art became firmlv fixed In hls- mind At the first opportunity he packed hls bag and baggage and hied himself to the then wild West which' had a few years p-e-inus threatened to adopt him although for another purpose OPENED NEW ERA The first sketches sent to the out- that pages of the rcpubllcation would by merely noting the necessary corrections be almost as much disfigured us the worst proof of eta tlstlcal matter ever seen In a printing house" The next decennial census taken In 1840 Is regnnlcd as a lamentable failure So glaring were Its errors that the American Statistical Association memorialized Congress declaring that such documents ought not to bo sanctioned by Congress and that If the sta tistles could not be corrected they ought to be disowned The Inaccuracy of the 1840 Is attributed to the vnst expansion of the census Inquiries without adequate ma-chlnety to support the work It was really the first census at which the modern scope of inquiry was adopted From It datos the larger meaning of census taking and Its failure Is attributed more to defective machinery than to Its plan and purpose The law providing for the taking of the seventh census passed In the early part of 1850 served for the taking of three decennial censuses The seventh census witnessed the first centralization of the census-taking business under one office In Washington and the conditions under which It was taken makes It the first comparable with the present methods The eighth census In 1860 was taken under the same law In 1870 It was argued that the law of 1850 had outlived Its usefulness and that he census of that year ought to be taken under entirely changed condl tlons A strenuous effort was made to secure a new census law A bill embodying the Idea of the advanced statisticians ivas passod by the House but was defeated In the Senate The result was that the census had to be taken under a wholly inadequate law one that had been completely outgrown Yet by reason of the excellent work of those In charge of the undertaking the results were such aR to compare favorably with anything that had gone before It was at this census that the first attempt mechanical tabulation was made It was In the shape of a tallying machine which was used with good results A strong effort to obtain a quinquennial census was made In 1875 General Grant lent the prestige of the presidential office to the movement by recommending It in two annual messages It van contended that such a census would be especially fitting as showing the progress of the nation In the first hundred years of independence But the proposition fell through and the inquiry was delayed until the regular ten-year period James A Garfield In tfoduced a bill providing for the taking of the tenth census hut It wus not able to run the gamut of the committees of the Senate and House The history of the succeeding censuses and of the creation of the permanent census bureau Is fresh in the public mind One of the interesting pieces of work performed at the eleventh census was the enumeration of the names and service of the survivors of the Civil iar No provision was made for the publication of these data which would have filled eight large quarto volumes of a thousand pages each The returns were deposited in the pension bureau and never printed The publication of the last volume of the eleventh census did not take place until 1897 seven years after the gathering of the data However bulletins were extensively used and the essential results were all given to the public bvl895 A famous French statistician Moreau de Jonnes declared during his life that the United States presents a phenomenon Vlthout a parallel In his to--y of a people who instituted the statistics of the country on the verv day they founded their government and who regulated by the same instrument the census ot their inhabitants their civil and politic' rights and the destinies of trie nation" From the time that the grt at king of Israa offended his God by tailing a count of his people down to the present day there have been thousands of reckon Ings of population but nowhere else in the has the art of census-taking reached the high state of per feetlon existing in the United States Washington Post Mr Mills was persuaded to accept the I world bv the young artist were lar and light on his feet as an Indian Remington was a feature of Island life on the St Lawrence that is pointed out but seldom Interfered with yet he was as lolly as a sailor and as full of humor as a Yankee farmer! There was no treat more delightful than to catch him In a reminiscent mood as traddle of a chair before a log fire of a September eve and hear him tell la his quaint staccato wav the tales of bygone davs in the frontier West It was a treat that flavors of the ranch and the Indian and was rich with characteristic phraseology that was as truly Remingtonesque as were hls canvases but alas! his hatred for the pen was as vigorous as hls hatred for the citv and It was seldom that he would put on paper the stories that filled hls brain FOUND WRITING HARD WORK Once he wrote a book up at Ingle-nook and It brought the beads of per splratlon to hls brow until he threat ened to throw the thing overboard time and again sweetest words that ever wrote" he said In referring to that book "were 'the The keynote of life naturalness and the omnia and omega of hlR art was sincerity Hp lived as he liked and painted as he felt He was content to let posterity judge He had itchings for fame and notoriety and hated to see his name anywhere but at the bottom of a canvas of his own creation When the fall came he sighed and donned a derby hat and store clothes and hied away to New Rochelle and hid himself in his great studio there until the West lured him awav to the scenes of his boyhood davs -iT rs ff A labor of restoring the shattered credit not only of the bank but also of the entire state and bow well he succeded history tells And then when the Bank of California had been replaced oq a firm foundation he again withdrew from its management and devoted himself to watching hls lnvetments aiding new' enterprises and encouraging the growth of the state's Resources The extent of this encouragement extending over all the years of hls life in California can be seen in the mines and manufactories which he backed In the support which he gave to Huntington and hls associates in the Central Pacific railway and In the great operations undertaken with his approval In the agricultural development of what were at the time thought to be desert lands (Jallforma's debt to Mills Is enormous and as time passes it will be recognized more and more His work in saving the Bank of California In 1875 would alone be sufficient to place any man safely on the foil of tame but he did more than that and the vast credit that California now enjoys is indubitably due to following the safe paths that he laid out Mills our greatest financier was also one of the greatest and had he chosen a larger field in Ills earlier caieer hls would have" been the hand to guide the finances of nations Sacramento Union FREE To show how quickly Dsnderlno riBbb acts we will send a large sample free by return mail to anyone who sends this free coupon lo the KNOWLTON DANDERLNE CO CHICAGO ILL with their name and address and 10c in silver or stamps to pay postage Cut This! Out HEALS LD SO TODD SUCCEEDS KENNEDY NEW YORK January 14 At a meeting of the board of directors of the Union Pacific railway company today William Stewart Todd was elected to membership to fill the vacant place caused by the death of John Kennedy ENGLISH SYMPATHY Every old sore is an external symptom of a depraved or polluted condition of the fclood These festering places on the flesh are kept open and In a state of irritation because the circulation Is continually discharging into them the impurities and morbid matters with which it is filled This polluted condition of the blood may be the remains of some constitutional trouble the -ect of a long spell of sickness which has left the bloodstream weak and germ-infected or because the natural refuse of the body which should pass of through the proper avenues hax not all been eliminated and has been absorbed into the circul-tion External treatment may cause the place to scab over temporarily but tho blood is not made any purer by such treatment and coon the sore will return or break out at another place and be as bad worse than before SS heals old sores by removing every particle impurity from the circulation It goes down to the very bottom of the trouble and so completely changes the circulation that there is no longer any impurity to drain through the sore but the place is once more nourished with rich healthful blood heals the sore from the bottom the skin regains its natural color and when SS has thoroughly cleansed and purified the blood the place is permanently healed Hook on Sores and Ulcers and any medical advice free to all who write TEE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO ATLANTA GA should out Loathsome Diseases Likely to Be Brought in By Foreigners Duke of Marlborough Snubbed By the Order of the Garter Progressive Elimination of Capital Punishment Marks Civilization convincing that a new era American painting was being opened As time drew on the rough sketches began to take on a finished appearance and today the Remington Western scenes are as perfect as pad and brush can make them He was the originator of the horse in action sketch When tills style was first Introduced followers of the old school looked askance at it and In manv quarters it was treated with derision Before Remington entered the field of art animal portrayers were satisfied to allow their sketches to show horses with one and on rare ocias-lons two feet raised from the ground His experience gleaned on Western plains taught Remington that the most picturesque horse was the spirited one anil that in no other breed Is as much life shown as in a bucking broncho Consequently he painted his cowboys in the act of subduing a mustang with the feet of tne animal in the air brush for a while began to tire and he laid it aside to take up the pen "Crooked Trails" and Sketches" were two of his books which immediately became popular When these were finished and from the presses he returned to his palette and paint and never again deserted them although in later years he often contributed articles dealing with Western life to the various magazines He Illustrated editions of and Oregon which are among the most notable of his book sketches He sent a large canvas Last £itand" to the Paris exposition showing a hand of doomed prospectors surrounded by Indians and the targets for the arrows of the redskins Last Lull In the Defiance" Cavalryman's Breakfast on the Plains" "Roasting Beef in a Cavalry Camp" German Infantry and Old Tiooper" are among the most famous of his sketches Remington loved wild life The entire summer was passed W'here the scenerv was the roughest and where the waterfalls were the noisiest and civilization with Its accompanying disadvantages he said was hated with all the vigor of his 250-pound body He compromised with his genius and his impulses and spent a part of each vear at his island home in the Chippewa river There is expanse and bigness in the St Lawrence river at that point and there Is good fishing In the spring of the year and good shooting In the fall and 'nothing pleased Remington more than to get Into hls canoe in company with another good fellow and paddle off up one of the wild creeks that have their headquarters in the Adlfondacks and flow into the St Lawrence THREE A REMINGTON CROWD The artist would don his khaki in June and he would stick to that attire until reailv to depart for civilization in October As he hated the city's moil so he hated crowds three persons constituted 4 Remington crowd he said He was as shy as the trout which he spent hours ro hook in the Adirondacks and ran away at the sight of a woman "I understand them" Remington once told a friend paint them I never put but one in a picture and they had to wash that out before thev published It1 He was not unsociable he was on the contrary the most sociable person imaginable but he preferred the company of a congenial spirit whether It were an artist a sportsman or a cowboy He was a veritable seal and never a dav passed during the summer and fall that he did not take one or more plunges in the neighboring streams When the work In hls studio was finished he would shove his canoe off the shore and regardless of the weather would paddle around the river for hours at a time If a particularly fine sunset would occur Remington would remain out In the open until nature had rung every change in the canvas Sometimes he would take liis brush along and preserve some especially fine bit of coloring seems as If it never could be like this he would say rapturously like to paint these things but the people won't stand for it: thev Want cowbovs nnd Indians so just paint the sunsets up here to take home and look at In the EXPONENT OF SIMPLE LIFE There was no better exponent of the simple life than Reminrton in his COUR8E IN CONSERVATION The regents of the University of Michigan have Just taken a step which may end by doing awray with the old reproach that since Aristotle the field of human knowledge has grown too wide for anv one man to embrace The regents have established a six course of study leading to the degree of master of conservation engineering The argument as advanced In the Michigan Alumnus may be summed up as follows It was the surveyor and civil engineer following in the footsteps of the pioneer that blazed the way for Our lavish exploitation of those magnificent natural resources the end of which is now coming into sight "What more natural than to call on the man who started the machine to slow It down to regulate its speed? The engineer has been the one great factor in making possible the i creation of the conditions of our mod-j ern civilization Hls great work In the future muat be to serve pianklnd 1 in an even more Important capacity to prolong the life of the things which he has helped Now a man capable of doing such work must be something more than a narrow expert he himself to live hls life along conservation New York Evening Post The man who averred that while his past may have been checkered hls future is still unspotted was entltli to the full faith and credit But Justice Amidon of the United States district court for North Dakota would have cut him off untimely Justice Amidon Is advocating the painless execution of criminals and the insane This is not a scientific solution Sav-agis sometimes dispose of the aged weak and criminal unfortunates among their membets by simply kill lng them off' But as civilization advances the death penalties become fewer England of the eighteenth century boasted 160 offenses punishable by death they are now reduced to four while the advocates of abolishing the death penalty wax stronger This steady and progressive elimlna tlon of capital offenses Is of a kind with the earlier abandonment by society of the fashion of killing the sick and the aged Remedial and preventive measures multiply more powerful In their influence than deterrent example and give promise of benefit even to the most desperate cases In the case of the Insane the alienists are finding that It Is not always heredity that operates that toxine in the blood may produce symptoms of Insanity once thought Incurable but which disappear by proper hygienic and medical treatment Bo much Is being learned about mental diseases that It is unsafe to say that death Is the only remedy Not much It Is true can be done to reform hardened criminals But they have been made so largely by the outrageous conditions still existing In' most of the jails and prisons of the country and when these are remedied and the influences of probation and reform shall have effective opportunity the problem of the hardened criminal may die by prevention New York Times The British Medical Journal gives some good advice to the United States regarding Hindu immigration calling attention to the desirability of most stringent quarantine regulations The advice offered by the medical periodical Is In line with what Dr Charles Stiles said In Spokane when he was there with the Roosevelt country life commission Dr Stiles is the government's bookworm for the purpose of looking into the sanitary needs of tho different rural sections of the country He said whllo there that the real yellow peril to- be feared on the Pacific coast Is not an Invasion of Japanese with their peculiar business tactlrs and the danger of eventual hostilities but rather an Invasion of oriental diseases The coast had already been enlightened regarding the bubonic plague and the devastation it Is likely to cause if It Is allowed to get a foothold Dr Stiles however mentioned particularly certain diseases that af-fllrt dwellers In the rural districts of India and predicted terrible results if these diseases should be transmitted bv Hindu Immigrants to the people of our own farming communities The British Medical Journal describes also the sore" which Hindus are likely to bring with them There are three varieties of It One is a painless swelling yellow with a red margin usually appearing on the face and never breaking out Another is a large and Intensely painful ulcer and the third Is the Delhi boll wiiich Is the most formidable affliction of its kind These diseases are due to parasites and are said to be communicable The worst thing about them Is that they are far more virulent hen contracted by people other than the Hindus j-Porterville Messenger English aristocratic society has championed the cause of an American born duchess The Duke of Marlborough is a knight of the garter an order of which King Edward Is the chief It Is one of tho beliefs that his knights should at least outwardly conform to the principles of chivalry toward ladies which were inculcated by the founder of the order Edward III Whatever their private lives may be their public acts should be seemly The relations of the ducal pair have not been too cordial of late The duchess was Miss Consuelo Vanderbilt before her marriage The king and bis Circle have taken a strong fancy to her Recently King Manuel of Portugal was a guest at Windsor Castle and was invested as a knight of the garter by King Edward The Duke of Marlborough betook himself to Windsor for the ceremony He had received no Invitation to do so but considered it his right as a mpmber of the order to attend the investiture of a brother knight None said him nay and he was present at the ceremony After the ceremony the other knights of the garter were asked to remain for dinner at the castle Not so the scion of the Marlboroughs No seat was reserved for him at the festive board Upon inquiry he learned the disgraceful fact that nobody had even thought of him Gracious! Socially dead and young and good looking too All the pride of the Marlboroughs which is one of the most conspicuous assets of the family revolted at the indignity and the feelings of the duke as he changed his garter costume for ordinary clothes and repaired to a nearby chophouse for ale and chops are best imagined In novels enraged dukes say ail sorts- of naughty things What remarks were are not a matter of record Weekly TO REBUILD CHAPEL PALO ALTO Cal January 14 Plans for the reconstruction of Stanford Memorial Chapel on the university quad destroyed In the earthquake of 1906 have been completed and work will be commenced in several months Treasurer Lathrop of the university stated today that orders for tlm steel had already been placed When the material is on the work will be rushed NEWSPAPER STRIKE IS ON IN DENVER DENVER Jan It Is possible that no newspapers 111 be read at Denver breakfast tables tomorrow Demands of the International Pressmen's Union for am increase In pay were still under discussion by representatives of the union and managers of the News the Times the Post and the Republican late tonight The demands of the pressmen Include a seven-hour day an Increase from $3 $4 and $5 per dav for pressmen and helpers to $4 $5 and $6 and back pay on the basis of a seven-hour day from March 1 1909 when the demands were first presented Regular editions of the Post an af- ternoon paper dlA not appear today and only one edition of the Times It Is improbable that an agreement will be reached In time for the mall editions of the morning papers STATEHOOD IN 8IGHT WASHINGTON January 14 Representative Hamilton of Michigan chairman of the house committee on territories today reported to the house a bill granting statehood to the territories of Arizona and New Mexico The bill will come up for passage PALO ALTO Cal January 14 mass meeting of citizens adopted res olutions tonight praising Gifford Pin-chot late chief forester for what thov termed hin farsighted devotion to public service Copies of the resolution were sent to Pinchot President Toft and the members of Congress for A 6 LA GRIPPE CAPS Does the work and takes away all that tired feeling Price 50c at Smith Bros' I and little opposition to it In the lower Drug Store house is expected

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