With a Grain Ready for spit and polish shine Page 12 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA FEBRUARY A, 1964 Perfection in every step is the route to the Moon If Americans had never launched a Moon rocket before . . . If Americans had never been able to hit the Moon. . . If Americans had never taken television pictures from a spacecraft . . If Ranger 6 had not performed perfectly from launch until it was near the Moon. . . Then the photographic mission failure of Ranger 6 Sunday would have been only mildly disappointing. But this spacecraft was No. 6 in a series. Although Ranger is a complex and ingenious machine it had seemed as if there had been enough trial-and-error experience to assure a perfect performance this time. But we did hit the Moon before, on April 26, 1962. That was Ranger 4. The marksmanship lacked the perfection of Ranger 6, but it did impact on the far side of Earth's bright satellite. But we have taken pictures from space— thousands of them. The Tiros cameras have made quantities of photographs showing the cloud cover above the earth — A boon to meteorologis ts. But Ranger did perform like a champion all of the way through launch, from parking orbit to heading for the Moon, through midcourse maneuver, and sending signals loud and clear. All that remained was for Ranger 6 to do the job it was sent for — to keep those six television lenses trained on the surface of the Moon and to transmit pictures until the moment of impact. This was the last place Jet Propulsion Laboratory scientists and engineers expected failure. The flight was going so well, the experience with cameras in space is so great, it seemed impossible that disappointment would come in the 65th hour and the final moments. Yet, when the machine was supposed to turn on power for the cameras, it would not do it by earth command, nor would the automatic system on board function. To insure reliability, redundacy had been built into the whole system. One switching system backed up another. One camera would surely work if its team mate failed. But the Moon is still up there, waiting for an intimate portrait to be taken by man. It is true the Russians did get a peak at the far side of the Moon as long ago as October 1959, but their machine was 40,000 miles away. Every camera that is carried close to the Moon, or to impact, is plagued with failure in some supporting device. From all of this experience one thing has become clear about space exploration. One by one we can master the individual steps— We have the propulsion systems of sufficient thrust for Moon flights for years. We can refine guidance to the point where we can call our shots with extreme accuracy, as in the remarkable Venus fly-by. We can communicate with the spacecraft, not only receiving its signals, but sending its commands over great distances in space. We can build devices that will perform tasks, such as picture taking. But we still have to refine quality control to the point where every single step is completely reliable. Each is a link in a chain and achieving the mission depends on every link. None can fail. Perfection—and no less—is the route to the Moon. What about Colton's future? (Colton Courier) The one sure thing about the future of Colton is that it will be interesting. In listening to some of the members of the redevelopment committee a person might think that what is now the down-town district could turn into nothing more than warehouses and distributing companies. Colton has harbored lots of distributing companies for years past, because of its central location so that would be nothing new for the city. Oddly enough it looks as though Colton will have one of the largest business sections in the west when the development on Cooley ranch becomes a reality. If it does, Colton will be in the very odd position of housing an enormous shopping center which will depend on Colton, Riverside San Bernardino, Redlands and the county for its business. And because it is only ten minutes to the location from ten miles in any direction it would be a natural and do a huge business. This would solve a lot of the City's financial problems, too. Taxes on the new buildings would be considerable and the tax derived from sales would be a constant source of increased revenue. It would represent a glowing picture from that standpoint There is nothing as certain as change and the next few years will bring a revelation to the people of this community. The Newsreel The Federal budget foresees an increase in cigarette tax revenues. The ideal citizen will be one who buys the things but doesn't smoke them. Every American family should have two boats — a big one for father to tow to work, and a little one for mother to drag around to school and supermarket Of Salt By Frank and Bill Moore If you read with care the Hostess account of new residents of Redlands you notice that they come from all over. Wo are not being converted into a New York colony, or a "Little Texas", or a "New Missouri", although those three states do send us a lot of people. This situation was underlined Saturday by Neil Morgan in Assignment West (on the editorial page) in which he reported on a Department of Motor Vehicle investigation of where people lived before they settled in California. The results prove, lie said that no regional labels can be given to the westward migration. Rather, the various states send us people about in proportion to their own populations. The change is of social and political importance as New Redlands emerges from Old Redlands. When our city was less than 10 years old (specifically, 1897) the Facts conducted a complete census. This did not show precisely where people lived before they came here, but it did determine the states and countries in which they were born. A review of these figures shows these outstanding facts: 1. Redlands received the larg- • . - ^ est number of people from the HHiTi i iflfkiult) ll East and the Midwest. It was rri 'l' ,iff no happenstance that the Congregationalists — New England rooted — were the first to establish a church here. Nor was it an accident that Redlands was — such a Republican stronghold, the settlers having brought their g II • politics with them. KeOIOnOS 2. Relatively few people came . here, in the beginning, from leSterOaVS the South. Unless you include Texas — which is more of the FIVE YEARS AGO West then the South • bv our _ _ , _ „ , cr book - Virginia was the leader , Temperatures - Highest 66. with 19. A more representative J0WC;,t i0 balance between North and Redlands voters veto request South has only been established for raisc m tlle scn ° o1 tax llmlt here in the past 30 years. °y 3381 to 1656 - The proposal Z. Hardly anvone in Redlands falIcd t0 carr y m an y ° f thc in 1897 had been born in the sevcn consolidated precincts. West, except for California. Ari- Scll ° o1 Trustees declared that zona. New Mexico and Nevada drastic cuts in services must just didn't have enough settlers D0,v bc madc to export any to us. Oregon, an Donald S. C. Anderson rc- execption. gave us 18. elected to thc board of the Wa- 4. Nearly one out of six was tcr Conservation district by 1,198 of foreign birth. Canada and to 554 margin. England had better reprcsenta- city Council approves a cost tion here in thc 90's than any 0 f living increase of approxi- of the U. S. states, except for mately 5 per cent for all city the Big Six. employes. 5. Texas, now the No. 2 source of new Californians, was 15th TEN YEARS AGO in rank in Redlands in 1897. Temperatures - Highest 80, Here were the top states, ar- Iowcst 41 • , . ranged in the order of the num- Redlands population now esti- ber of Redlanders born in them, matcd t0 be 20 < m b y FraDkr as of 1897: Gilbert, secretary-manager of Illinois ..' 319 tne Redlands Chamber of Corn- Ohio .Z36 merce. New York 215 A comprehensive law suit to Pennsylvania 159 protect rights to pump water Iowa 149 from this basin deemed es- Michigan 145 sential by an attorney for thc Missouri 122 San Bernardino Valley Water Massachusetts 119 Conservation district. Connecticut 117 Indiana 106 FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 51, In his report on California in lowest 38 the present day, Neil Morgan Zoning ' variance lo pcrmit a listed *he states in percentage h8 , . n ^ Burke rank and the one notable change sfcamtarjum on upper Ccnter was Texas This is the order he s(rcet d ^ he a , gave: 1 Ohio.2 Texas 3 111.- ., j£ h h neigl]bors no.s 4 New York. 5 Michigan thrca CQUrt ^ tQ ^ the and 6 Pennsylvania. . He also commented on t h c * GJ ' , w mts j number of people who have Prendergast to his sec- come to California m r e c e n t d ut board £ years, from other Western fnrp ^ rv states. That, also is a great y- difference from earlier times. Morgan didn't mention it, but 0 11 1 M \ 11U 1 6 P U lp \ f there is one more point that T „ „„. ... „„ shouldn't be overlooked. . 1 am wea F y ™ th , m J m0 ^ In pioneer days a great many "ft 1 ^ ray bed of our people came directly from w ! b tears = 1 drench my couch their homes to Redlands and wtb weeping. - Psalms 6:6 setUed here. L x , . , . In the present day, Los An- A crust of brcad and a corner geles has become the great to slee P m » "port of entry." Thousands of A minute to smile and an hour people, upon arriving in South- to weep in ern California, setUe temporar- A pint of joy to a peck of ily in "The City" and then lo- trouble, cate more permanently else- And never a laugh but the where, including Redlands. moans come double; Our own term for it is "sec- And that is life! ond bounce migration". —Paul Laurence Dunbar. - Republicans battle over strategy By WILLIAM S. WHITE TELEVISION TUESDAY NIGHT 5:00— 7—Laramie 9—Engineer Bill 13—Thaxton's Hop 5:30— 5— Whirly birds 11—Mickey Mouse Club 5:40— 4—Believe it or Not 5:45— 4. 13—News 6:00— 2. 7—News 5—You AsKed For It 9—Sugarfoot 11—M Squad 13—Touche Turtle (C) 6:30— 4, 5. 11—News 13—Huckleberry Hound 7:00— 4—Seven Seas (C) 5—Leave it to Beaver 7—Battleline 9—People arc Funny 11—Cheyenne 13—Wonders of World (C) 7:30— 2—Ralph Story's L.A. 4—Mr. Novak 5—Addograms 7—Combat 9—Dobie Gillis 13—Wanderlust (C) 8:00—2—Red Skelton 5—Lawman 9—Movie 11—Untouchables 13—Probe 8:30— 4—You Don't Say 5—Zane Grey 7—McHale's Navy 13—Expedition! 9:00— 2—Petticoat Junction 4—Richard Boone 5—Roller Skating 7—Winter Olympics 11—Wide Country 13—Hot Spots '63 (c) 9:30— 2—Jack Benny 13—Happy Wanderer (C) 10:00— 2—Garry Moore 4—NBC White Paper 7—Fugitive 9, 11, 13—News 10:30— 9—Movie 13—Country Music 11:00— 2, 4. 5. 7—News 11—Movie 13—Movie 11:15— 4—Johnny Carson (C) 11:30— 2—Movie 5—Steve Allen 7—Stagecoach West WEDNESDAY DAYTIME 9:00— 2—News 4—Say When 5—Romper Room 7—1 Married Joan 9—King and Odie 11—Jack LaLanne 13—News 9:15— 9—Babysitter 13—Film Feature 9:25— 4—News 9:30— 2—1 Love Lucy 4—Word for Word (C) 7—Love That Bob! 11—Movie 9:45—13—Guidepost 10:00— 2—McCoys 4—Concentration 5—Restless Gun 7—December Bride 9—Movie 10:05—13—Film Feature 10:25—13—Guideposts 10:30— 2—Pete and Gladys 4—Missing Links (C) 5—Yancy Derringer 7—Girl Talk 11:00— 2—Love of Life 4—First Impression (C) 5—Cheaters 7—Price Is Right 11—Jean Majors 13—Social Security in Action 11:15—13—Guidepost 11:25— 2—News 11:30— 2—Search for Tomorrow 4—Truth or Consequences 5—Peter Gunn 7—Object Is 9—Spectrum 11—Philip Norman Time 13—Ann Sothern 11:45— 2—Guiding Light 11:55— 4—News 12:00— 2—Burns and Allen 4—Let's Make a Deal(C) 5—Thin Man 7—Seven Keys 9—Community of Condemned 11—Lunch Brigade 13—Movie 12:25— 4—News 12:30— 2—As the World Turns 4—Doctors 5—TV Bingo 7—Father Knows Best 9—Mr. District Attorney 1:00— 2—Password 4—Loretta Young 5—Movie 7—Ernie Ford 9—Cartoonville 11—Movie 1:30— 2—House Party 4—You Don't Say! (C) 7—Pamela Mason 13—Robin Hood 1:45— 9—News 2:00— 2—To Tell the Truth 4—Match Game 9—Movie 13—Vagabond 2:25—2, 4—News 2:30— 2—Edge of Night 4—Make Room for Daddy 7—Day in Court 11—Movie 13—Ann Sothern 2:55— 7—News 3:00— 2—Secret Storm 4—Bachelor Father 7—General Hospital 13—Felix the Cat 3:30— 2—My Little Margie 4—Movie 7—Queen for a Day 3:50— 9—News 4:00— 2—Life of Riley 5—Just for Fun 7—Trailmaster 9—Mighty Hercules (C) 11—Superman 4:30— 2—Movie 11—Livin' It Up 4:45—13—Rocky and His Friends LIGHTER SIDE By DICK WEST Universal standard needed "Actually, it happened horsing around in front of the fireplace!" WASHINGTON (UPI) — The failure of the Ranger-6 space craft to get close-up pictures of he moon was a big disappointment to use all. But cheer up At this very moment another spectacular scientific project is getting under way. Perhaps it will turn out better. The program I speak of is known as the "West-McHale Project" everywhere except in Flint, Mich., where it is known as the "McHale-West Project." As chief coordinator of re search, I am proud to lend my name to the enterprise and to identify as my associate the distinguished Terry McHale of the Flint Journal, who is chief theoretician. Goal Universal Standards Our goal is to develop universal standards for measuring the intensity of hangovers. In his original prospectus, which I have reduced to terms understandable to the layman, McHale noted that there is at present no accepted scale for rating the severity of hangovers except the descriptions offered by the victims. Comments such as "even my hair hurts," or "if you think my eyes look bad, you should see them from my side" are graphic enough. But they lack scientific exactitude. "After much research, I have discarded the idea of trying to measure hangovers by the inch, gallon, decibel or megaton," McHale wrote. "Equally unsuitable are such units as pounds, BTU's and microcuries. "But there is one system of measurement that holds promise. It is the Richter scale, which, as every amateur seismologist knows, is ujed to describe the intensity of earthquakes. "The scale consists of 10 WASHINGTON — The 1964 Presidential campaign has now been opened wide by the Republicans amid clear indications that former President Eisen- how's efforts to set a moderate and high-level tone of party opposition to President Johnson have been sharply rejected by two leading G.O.P. aspirants for the nomination. Analysis, in the afterlight of the speeches by all five top Republican Presidential possibilities in the party's kick-off series of national fund-raising dinners, shows roughly this pattern: Former Vice President Richard Nixon and Gov. Nelson Rockefeller of New York are vying for the toughest possible line against President Johnson. Their personal attacks upon him are far more violent than those of, say. Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona. They have plainly concluded that General Eisenhower's recommendations for a measured campaign approach will not do. Goldwater, for his part, has reckoned that his own real problem now is not so much with President Johnson as with the liberal wing of his own party. He is thus hammering not at Mr. Johnson but at the theme that he is the only authentic conservative in the Republican field and that unless he is nominated. Republican voters will have not a choice but only "an echo." Gov. William Scranton of Pennsylvania and, to a less precise extent, Gov. George Romney of Michigan are following the Eisenhower policy for a contest based on affirmative Republican promises and programs under what General Eisenhower calls "a united statesmanship." In this prescription for the G.O.P.. indeed, Scranton might have been using Mr. Eisenhower's own words: "The Republican party was made to move, not to stand; to be positive, not negative: to create, not to destroy. The Republican party is important not because of what it is against but for what it is for." All this is a long way in tone from Rockefeller's description of President Johnson as a "stunt man" running "Operation Hoodwink," and from Nixon's charge that the President is "a past master of a political shell game" and the head of an Administra tion of "wheeler-dealers and political fixers." The ultimate question raised, of course, is whether the Eisenhower line will prevail at the Republican National Convention and in the subsequent Presidential election campaign, or whether the Nixon-Rockefeller "rock 'em-sock 'em" approach will be adopted. The White House, meanwhile, is publicly silent. Political associates of the President, however, make no secret in private that the Eisenhower approach is actually the more feared. A President in office has an incomparable sounding board to the voters. And personal attacks upon him have historically rebounded — a truism that caused the leading Democrats during the Eisenhower years, and notably President Johnson, to frown upon all purely persona! criticism of Mr. Eisenhower. In due time Democratic orators may be expected to begin small counterattacks upon Rockefeller and Nixon with the accusation that they have "hired a stable of epithet throwers and gag writers" and that their language "is not the language of men qualified to bc President of thc United States." Essentially, however, there will never be much reaction from the White House itself. It is extremely likely, given the present state of the world and of its problems, that President Johnson will conduct his campaign for re-election largely from that mansion. This circumstance, plus the fact that he believes hotly partisan language is bad politics anyhow, will find him speaking in muted and measured tones, seeking to present himself more as the leader of a nation than of a party. An "in" and not an "out" looking in, he will necessarily bc concerned not simply with the election but with the future of his Administration afterward, much as General Eisenhower was so concerned in 1956 when he was standing for a second term. Johnson's ultimate purpose will be to avoid any deep break with the Republicans generally: he knows he will need them later, in Congress and in the country if he is returned to office. (Copyright, 1964, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) DOCTOR'S MAILBAG Hypertension can be mild; complications are possible By Dr. Wayne G. Brandstadt Q—What is the difference between "essential" and "malignant" hypertension? My doctor prescribed hydrochlorothiazide. Will I have to take it for the rest of my life? What are its side effects? A—Essential hypertension is high blood pressure for which no cause is apparent. Some persons have this condition for many years without developing any serious complications. But when complications develop, the condition is known as malignant hypertension. The things Teletips TOP SHOW: — 10:00, Chan. 4. NBC White Paper. "Cuba: Bay of Pigs". First of two NBC news programs on American foreign policy concerning Cuba. ("Cuba: The Missile Crisis" airs next Sunday). 7:30 — Chan. 4. Mr. Novak. "The Death of a Teacher". A teacher's death triggers strong reactions from Jefferson High students and faculty. 7:30 — Chan. 7. Combat! "Mail Call". Sgt. Saunders has doubts about the trick knee claimed by a combat replacement. 9:00 — Chan. 7. Winter Olympics. Ladies' giant slalom, combined ski jump and toboggan finals. numbers, each succeeding one representing an intensity 10 times greater than the preceding one. Thus 2 is 10 times greater than 1, and 3 is 10 times more severe than 2. "For theorectical purposes, a hangover which is a mere temple throbber can be assigned a value of 1. The value 2 represents a temple throbber plus queasy stomach, heartburn and dizziness. And so on up the line to 10, which is complete and permanent disability. Full-scale field tests are needed for verification, however, and you are in a unique position to conduct them. The Washington cocktail circuit offers ideal conditions for such a study. "If you can bring this project to fruition, all humanity will be in your debt." No sooner said than done, McHale. I'll have my first report tomorrow. Or, if I'm unable to make it to the office tomorrow, sometime next week. your doctor watches for are characteristic changes in the retina, albumin and the urine, a persistent diastolic blood pressure (the lower reading) of more than 110. enlargement of the heart and an apopletic stroke. If persons with essential hy- pretension are given appropriate treatment, they should b« able to avoid these complications. But if early signs do occur, it is essential to bring the blood pressure down and keep it down. Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic; that is, it is used to combat waterlogging. In many persons with high blood pressure it is the only treatment needed, but can be given with other drugs. Side effects include weakness, thirst, nausea and muscle cramps. They are not a reason to stop the medicine but rather to adjust the dosage. Q—Is a blood test a sure way of detecting syphilis? What is the cure? A—Blood tests are used to make a presumptive diagnosis of syphilis. If positive, other tests are often used to confirm. The best treatment is penicillin or a closely related drug. If the proper dose is used, one injection will give a quick cure in persons who are treated early in the course of the disease before any permanent damage is done to a vital organ. Q—What is the cause of lupus erythematosus (L.E.)? Can it be aggravated by drugs or hair dyes? A—The cause of L.E. is unknown. Some authorities believe there is a hereditary factor in some victims. There is a form of L.E. that may be activated by prolonged consumption of large doses of drugs such as procainamide (for irregularities of the pulse), hydralazine (for high blood pressure), diphenyl- hydantoin or trimethadione (for epilepsy), or isonicotinyl hydrazine (for tuberculosis). This form of L.E. is usually mild. According to the Council on Cosmetics of the American Medical Association, no case of L.E. has ever been attributed to a hair dye. TREASURE HOUSE Your unused furniture or appliances will find a ready market through Classified Ads.
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