Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on February 3, 1964 · Page 11
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February 3, 1964

Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 11

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Redlands, California
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Monday, February 3, 1964
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Page 11
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Soviet children convinced their ideology will win By GAY PAULEY UPI Women's Editor NEW YORK (UPI) — Soviet: children are growing up convinced (heir ideology will prevail over all other political systems through "peaceful evolution" and without the need of military force. So concludes Jules Power, a television producer and writer who spent five weeks in Russia filming its children in classroom, at play, at home, at parties inside the Kremlin walls, and at pioneer palaces where the education for Communist party membership begins. "Soviet children are not super-children, nor will they grow into super-men," said Power.' "They are children.. .fat ones, thin ones, smart ones, stupid ones, some who want to be cos-j monauts, some who couldn't care less. "But they are not growing up with a war philosophy. They are the affluent generation, by Soviet standards, and have never seen war as their parents have." Films TV Show Power's first trip to Moscow was for two weeks last November to map out what he wanted to film for "Discovery." the ABC-Television show which he writes and produces. The second trip was for three weeks at the end of December and in early January to do the actual filming. He plans a two - part presentation, the first segment to be shown Feb. 23, the second March 1. "I returned from the first trip depressed." said Power in an in tervicw. "I sensed a unilateral dedication which would make life in the years ahead difficult for the Western world. "From the second trip, though, I felt there are tendencies the Soviet children arc not convinced that Communism will prevail by war, but will be cause it is right. Their thinking seems to be one of peaceful evolution. "But it is dedication still, and this we will have to face with even greater dedication to our ideologies.. .and by out - propagandizing them." Greatest Heroes "Ask Soviet children to name the greatest men in history," he said, "and the first one named is Lenin. Ask them the greatest living men and they answer with Khrushchev, which is to be expected, and then — suprising to me, they name Fidel Castro. "They look on him as a hero because he is spreading Communism to the Western world." Power estimated that he talked with 600 children, through the two interpreters who were with him and his crew for three weeks in which he said they worked on an agreement of no deleting, no screening, no censorship, no right of modification on the part of the Soviet officials. The interpreters were Irena Tolstikova, 12, and Puri Popov, 13. the latter a dedicated "pioneer" in the Communist movement. ! Power explained that formal I education for party membership •begins when a child is 10. Children from ages 10-14 are inducted into the Young Pioneers — and there arc 19 million of these alone, he said. At 14, they arc graduated to the Young Communist League: at 21. they J are full-fledged party members, provided they have met all the party's qualifacations. Pioneer palaces include everything from ballet to chess instruction, said Power. "But recreation, or whatever, all are I geared to development of the total child." Power said he was impressed with the difference between the Soviet and American child's approach to things. "Russian children operate as a collective ... in groups," he said. "The American child has a strong, individual personality. In classrooms you didn't see a Russian child up waving his hand to challenge a teacher's statement as my 11-year-old would have done." I Power and his wife, a teacher in the Rye, N. Y., elementary school system, have a son. Robert, 11 and a daughter, Robin. 13. "The Russian children didn't seem too curious about Americans," said Power. "Obviously they don't see our publications. When I asked them what other countries they'd like to visit none said the United States. Many mentioned Soviet satellites. And then came Cuba." Washington Window Johnson affair amazes Republicans By Lyle C. Wilson f . - ™ v. • < - * Republicans arc amazed and alarmed by the political love affair developing between President Johnson and U. S. business, big business. The word passing among businessmen is about like this: You know, that fella Johnson is a mighty nice fella when you get to know him. Good man! And there is another reaction, also disturbing to Republicans. This is the judgment of big businessmen, really big businessmen, that President Johnson understands their problems and sympathizes with them whereas President Kennedy did not. One big, big businessman after exposure to President Johnson's charmingly folksy ways summarized his opinions like this: President Johnson is knowledgeable about business and industry in areas where President Kennedy was naive. Has Several Meanings The word naive has several meanings. In the foregoing sense it evidently meant untaught and uninstructed. The big shots of business and indus-j try feel at ease with Johnson. They tend to trust him and recognize in him a businessman who also has been successful. A couple of pages in the current issue of "Business Week,"! a McGraw-Hill publication, tells! of business reactions to Johnson under the headline: "Industry leaders, many of whom felt rejected by Kennedy administration, are wooing and being wooed by Johnson. But how long will the honeymoon last?" A fair question. These are not country storekeepers who are being wooed by the man from Texas. They are such as Frederick Kappel of American Telephone & Telegraph and Board Chairman Ernest Henderson of Sheraton Corp. of America. Cause To Worry Johnson's impact on such men as these and on scores of others is such as to give Republicans good cause to worry. Some Republican sources of campaign funds may be drying up under the Texas sun. The Republicans' chances of licking Johnson next November may be shrinking in proportion to the accommodation of the Johnson administration with big business None of this is to suggest that Kappel and Henderson, and many others would suport Johnson next November. But Republicans are fearful that many big businessmen will not go all-out to lick Johnson as they had been expected to go all out against JFK. There have been specific instances in Washington in which business moved quickly to erase its anti - administration label the moment John Kennedy died and Lyndon Johnson took over. Some of these maneuvers were amusing in their urgency. Accept President's Estimate Big business appears to have accepted the President's own estimate of his intent and achievements in the area of government economy. The en thusiasm is considerable if not unanimous. The Wall Street Journal accused Johnson of budget juggling in showing economies. "Some Johnson devices," the Journal said, "make spending seem less than is expected," devices such as shifting some expenditures into the current fiscal year to make it look better. The Journal conceded, however, that Johnson had made some real and sizable savings. The Tucson (Ariz.) Daily Citizen raised this question: "Is a So billion budget deficit really good news?" Republicans hope that is a question the big business tycoons may soon be asking themselves. i Heart attack fatal GILBERTSVILLE, N.Y. UPI —James E. Brown Jr., a retired foreign service officer, died here Sunday of an apparent heart attack. He was 61. UN leaders seek to aid small Congo village By DIETRICH MUMMENDEY! United Press International 1 LEOPOLDVILLE (UPI) — United Nations officials today organized help for the small Congolese town of Gungu, which is besieged by Communist - led terrorists and running low on food and ammunition. Gungu, about 280 miles southeast of the capital, is in Kwilu Province, where guerrilla bands have attacked towns and mission stations in the past month. But no missionaries were believed to be in the besieged town. The last American missionary working in an area endangered by the terrorist bands. Miss Mae Clark, 55, of Myersdale, Pa., was rescued by U.N. helicopter Saturday. Miss Clark had refused to leave her orphanage at Kalan- ganda unless the 19 African orphans in her care could be rescued, too. But the terrorists refused to allow the children to leave the area and officials finally persuaded Miss Clark to go. The orphanage is just north of Idiofa, one of the centers of terrorist activity. The guerrillas, led by Peking - trained Pierre Mulele, a former Congolese cabinet minister, have sought to drive all white missionaries from the area theyj control. One American missionary, Miss Irene Ferel, 42, of Jerome, Idaho, was killed by the terorists last month. Miss Clark reported an elderly Swiss missionary couple was being held by the terrorists. They were identified as Mr. and Mrs. August Eicber. Miss Clark said villagers told her of their capture. The United Nations hoped to airlift supplies to Gungu to enable it to hold out against the terrorists, who attacked in force Sunday, killing several Congolese soldiers of the town's garrison. Idiofa, 50 miles north of Gun­ gu, is holding out against the guerrillas with the aid of a U.N. airlift. Sunday, U.N. planes began leaving with the wives and children of the Con golese troops defending Idiofa. How does boy insect meet girl insect? RIVERSIDE — How docs boy insect meet girl insect? University of California scien lists here will spend three years and S39.000 — a grant from the U. S. Public Health Service answering this question. Such a "Kinsey study" of in sects' mating habits — aside from exploring a virtually unknown field — will provide po tent new attractants for luring insect pests to their death, according to Drs. Harry H. Shorey and T. Roy Fukuto, entomologists in the Citrus Research Center and Agricultural Experiment Station here. Limiting their study now to one major pest insect, the cabbage looper, Drs. Shorey and Fukuto will lead a team effort to learn how attractant chemicals are produced by insects, how they are detected by members of the opposite sex and how these chemicals can be produced synthetically. Associated with Shorey and Fukuto will be Drs. Robert Metcalf, Roland Jefferson and Lyle Gaston, also of the UCR Citrus Research Center. Following this in-depth pilot study of the cabbage looper, the group will investigate chemicals involved in the mating of other insects. The nature of the volatile chemicals involved in premating activities of insects is almost unknown." Dr. Shorey observes. "Likewise, insects' responses to the chemicals have been little studied. Only three such chemicals have been identified to date. These arc produced by the gypsy moth, the silk-worm moth and the American cockroach." If the Riverside group succeeds in purifying and synthesizing the substance or substances that induce mating, the obvious practical application would be as a lure. Such a lure, or attractant, would cause the cabbage looper moths to fly into a trap containing insecticide or a chemical sterilant. Thus the moth would be enticed either to its death or to sterilization treatment. Many scientists believe sterilization offers greater possibilities for insect control than trying to kill large numbers of the pests. Sterilized males can be released by the millions to compete with fertile males. The result: eggs that don't hatch, and a downward plunge in the pest population. Previous research by Dr. Shorey has demonstrated that some kind of attractant chemical is produced by the female cabbage looper. Substances extracted from females and impregnated on filter paper caused "intense activity" among males hovering over the paper, he reports. So strong is the effect of the stimulating chemical given off by the female, reports Dr. Shorey, that a male moth courting a female may himself be courted by another male. Notes from foreign news cables By PHIL NEWSOM UPI Foreign News Analyst | Polite Reds: j The atmosphere at the 17-| nation Geneva disarmament! conference never has been bet-! ter. The Communists are being ; polite as never before and have shown interest in many sub-| jects. But they obviously are in: no hurry to settle down to con-: crete negotiations on any one disarmament measure. QuaH-l ficd Western diplomats feel it will be a long and hard haul; before new East-West agree-i ments can be reached. East-West Trade: Britain can be expected to push full speed ahead to build up trade with the Communist t countries in the coming weeks.' Results of the trade drive in 1963 were encouraging with ex-j ports rising to the Soviet Union' and its European satellites by 11 per cent over 1962 to about' S350 million. This is regarded in London as a healthy basis' for future expansion. Britain; will try for a new trade agree-) ment with Russia next month, i Germany vs. De Gaulle: Speaking of East-West trade, the subject is a new source of discord between West Germany! and France. The West Ger-j mans are angry because they; feel that, despite treaty provisions calling for close Franco- German consultation, the French failed to keep them adequately informed cither on: President Charles de Gaulle'sj intent to recognize Red China, or on French attempts to line; up new trade deals with the Kremlin. On the same day that Bonn disclosed the Soviet Union was not interested in a 1964 trade agreement with West Germany, French Economic Minister V'alcry Giscard D'Es-' Pedlands Daily Facts Monday, Feb. 3, 1964-11 GIANT FIRE ENGINE—This is a giant pumper on order from the New York City fire department. It has a pumping capacity equal to 20 modern-day pumpers. It can throw a single stream of water to a height equivalent to the 74th floor of the Empire State Building and can blast entry holes in a building to reach the source of a fire. The giant pumper and a companion hose tender are being built by the Mack Truck Company at a cost of about $875,000. taing popped up in Moscow to discuss, guess what — more trade between Moscow and Paris. De Gaulle at Home: President do Gaulle has a! fondness for national referen- riums and reportedly had hoped; to hold one this year as ai means of demonstrating his J continuing hold on the French > people. But he now is believed j to drop the idea for lack of is- 1 sues. One thought was to hold; a referendum on a proposal to.' scrap the- French senate. But; the average Frenchman couldn't j care less about the Senate' which has little power anyhow. Malaysia: It still is possible that the ceasefire aranged between Indonesia and Malaysia in Borneo by Atty. Gen. Robert F.' Kennedy will fall apart. But in! Malaysia Kennedy is being credited with a successful effort due to his direct, sometimes tough, approach. Diplomatic sources said he used no, classical diplomacy and wasted> few words in his talks with In-; donesia' Sukarno. Malaysia's I MAMMOTH TENDER—This huge hose tender will serve a giant pumper, which will provide firemen with the most potent fire-fighting team in history. The tender carries 8,000 feet of a 4';i-inch hose on four motor-driven drums. It also is equipped with twenty 10- foot lengths of suction hose for drawing water from alternate water sources, such as rivers or ponds. Over-all hose capacity is sufficient to fight fires nearly a half .mile from water source. Team was designed by Gibbs & Cox architects. Tengku Abdul Rahman and the : Kennedy sidestepped no issueJThe approach won promises for Philippines Diosdado Macapa-jand faced up to problems,conferences to seek a peaceful gal. Kuala Lampur sources say,raised by the three leaders.(solution to the quarrel. 13 MINERS KILLED VIENNA (UPI) — The official Czechoslovakian news agency CTK said Sunday that 13 workers were killed when an explosion rocked a mine in Karvina. The Communist news agency said the blast was caused by the "gross negligence of miners." It said the pit, apparently a coal mine, was named the j "Czechoslovak Army," but that it had no connection with the military. DON'T YOU READ BEFORE YOU BUY? Most people generally do. Not only do they read; they cut out and show ads to their family and friends; they clip coupons for information and samples. When people see an advertisement in print, they can compare designs ... features ... and prices of nationally known products and services. (And people do compare be- sense. And because it measures up to the fore they go out and buy.) buying habits of most consumers, print Advertising in print is a handy thing. You niakes sales. can check back; the message is still there Don't you read before you buy? even when your attention is distracted. When you add it up, print advertising—the kind you read in this newspaper—makes

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