Page 2 THE TIPTON (INDIANA) DAILY TRIBUNE Apollo 14 Mission Highlights Sunday, Jan. 31, 3:23 p.m.. EST 5:53 p.m. 6:28 p.m. Monday, Feb. 1 Tuesday, Feb. 2 Wed'., Feb. 3 5:08 a.m. Thurs., Feb. 4 2:00 a.m. 8:23 p.m. Friday, Feb. 5 4:16 a.m. 9:20 a.m. Sat., Feb. 6 4:59 a.m. - 5:51 a.m. 9:51 a.m. 1:47 p.m. 3:14 p.m. . 3:29 p.m, " 8:37 p-m. Sunday, Feb. 7 7:53 p.m. Monday, Feb. 8 " v ' Tues:, Feb. 9 3:34 p.m. 3:47 p.m. . 4:01 p.m. — The 7 1/2 million-pound-thrust Saturn V launches the spacecraft info Earth orbit. . — The Saturn third stage reignites to hurl Apollo 14 to the Moon. . " ' — TV from space showing: the-spacecraft command module docking with the lunar module (25 minutes). —The spacecraft coasts toward the Moon and astronauts will fire onboard propulsion rockets to keep them on the proper coursel . ' — TV showing the crew inside.the spacecraft (45 minutes). — Spacecraft enters lunar orbit after its main propulsion", engine fires,while it is traveling behind the Moon. — TV showing the Fra Mauro landing site from about 10 nautical miles above, the lunar-surface (14 roin.). — Commander Shepard arid Mitchell tpuch down, on the -Moon in the lunar module. — TV is turned on by crew to view Shepard step to the lunar surface to begin about 4 hours of exploration. — TV is turned on for almost 8 hours to view lunar surface and second EVA surface exploration by- Shepard and = _ Mitchell. • " "• -. ; — Shepard sets foot on the Moon and Mitchell follows about 12 minutes later. " • — Crew returns to lunar module. — Lunar module lifts off the Moon. — TV on for about 6 minutes to view lunar module and command module rendezvous about 60 miles above lunar - surface. —^TV for about 5 minutes to view the spacecraft redock- ing. - » — Spacecraft main rocket engine fires behind Moon to send Apollo 14 back to Earth. - ' - ' — TV to view crew in command module conducting engineering demonstrations in weightlessness (30 minutes). —• Spacecraft rockets-make burns as.may be needed to kaep them on" a correct course toward Earth. •— Command module separates from service module. — Command module reenters Earth atmosphere at sp of about 25,000 miles per hour. — Touchdown in the Pacific Ocean south of American Samoa where USS New Orleans will.be stationed to pick up crew and spacecraft o MOONWATCHING—Lone Astronaut Stuart A. Roosa,' Apollo' I-i spacecraft 'command modiile pilot, skirts the Moon's rugged surface and photographs the lunar module as it begins its descent to Fra Mauro; scheduled landing site. Spacecraft command "and service modules were produced by North American Rockwell Space Division. Buddy r System Used to Share Cooling Water • WASHINGTON — Sharing a tank of compressed air on the way back to the surface is a standard emergency procedure among scuba div-, ers, with the mouthpiece passed back and forth between the two divers who share the air remaining in a good air tank. It's called, logically, - the "buddy system." Now the buddy system approach has been' adapted to Moonwalks through the use of connecting lines that could feed cooling water from an , astronaut's backpack life support system to the space suit worn by his companion. The connections would give the men enough time to return to their Moon landing craft if the water cooling system of one of the backpacks failed. : Set for Second Walk Called the Buddy Secondary Life Support System THROUGH ERROR! CARNEY'S REXALLL COUPON SHOULD BE As Follows MONEY-SAVING COUPON REXAU : SANITARY J NAPKINS 5 box of 52 $1.29 5 Tipton Daily Tribune (BSLSS), the life-sustaining pair of flexible hoses will be provided for the first time in Apollo 14, the. third United States manned lunar landing ' mission, scheduled for launch by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jan. 31, 1971. The connecting hoses will be used in the second and longest of the two Moonwalks df'the mission. They will be carried, readily accessible in an emergency, 'on the two-wheeled cart that the astronauts will pull across the lunar surface to transport- their tools and rock samples. PLSS. During Moonwalks or other operations hi the . hard vacuum of space, the portable life support system (PLSS) supplies the astronaut with breathing and suit-pressurizing oxygen and water flow, for the liqiud cooling garment — a suit of knitted long underwear with thin tubing woven in the torso and limbs. The tubes carry water from a reservoir in the PLSS, and 1 the : circulating water serves to carry the astronaut's metabolic heat exchanger in the PLSS. APOLLO 14 ON THE ; MOON—Artist's rendering of Apollo 14 astronauts Alan B. Shepard, spacecraft commander, and Edgar D. Mitchell, lunar module pilot, as they set out on their first traverse from the Fra Mauro landing site, Shepard is pulling the modular equipment transporter, (MET). which contains cameras, lunar sampling bags and tools. Shepard is also carrying the laser ranging retro-reflector (LRRR). Mitchell is carrying the Apollo lunar surface experiment packa'ge (ALSEP), The artist is Craig Kavafesi of the Grumman Aerospace Corporation. I APOLLO 14 SPECIAL Seismic Experiment to Return Data from Deep Inside Moon WASHINGTON — Scientists at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration expect to obtain information on the Moon's structure to a depth of more than 20 miles during the • Apollo 14 mission — some 8 . to 10 miles deeper than be- : fore. The new information will . be acquired by impacting the Saturn 5 third stage and instrument unit into the Moon approximately 100 miles far- . ther away from the Apollo '•• 12 lunar seismic instrument . than the impact of the Apollo 13 third stage last April. . Distance increased The planned impact, distance is being increased because . the Moon's low frequency transmission characteristics" have proved to-be,, considerably better than first thought. The' increased range ... of impact will permit teceipt . of impact vibration waves from deeper in the Moon's structure. •\i Space agency officials also plan to photograph the impact point from lunar orbit during a command module . pass. This .will provide pho- ,t'3graphic'_ data on a lunar .crater- of known origin ' for the first time. . Target Area The Apollo 14 launch is now planned for no; earlier. -than Jan. 31 at tbe Kennedy ! Space Center. Crewmen for the flight are Alan B. Shep r ard, Jr., commander, Stuart A. Roosa, command' module pilot, and Edgar D. Mitchell, lunar module pilot. ' . The stage will be directed .to hit the Moon within a target area 436 statute miles in diameter.' The target point is located about 186 miles.west . of the Apollo 12 landing site . and the lunar seismometer. • Coordinates of the* planned target point are 1 degree 42 minutes south latitude and 33 degrees 15 minutes west longitude. Like 11 Tons of TNT The 30,000-pound Apollo 14 rocket stage should hit. the Moon at 5,800 miles per. hour at an angle almost perpendicular to the surface more than 83 hours after launch. It will provide an energy source on . impact equivalent to about 11 tons, of TNT. ' The Apollo 14 crew will be orbiting on the backside of the Moon during their first revolution when the Saturn stage hits the lunar surface. In the 34th revolution, just before departing the Moon, to return to Earth, the crew will • attempt to photograph the impact crater. The Aopllo 14 lunar module ascent stage alsos will be intentionally im pacted into the- Moon after the crew is safely back aboard the- command module. Apollo 13 Experiment The'first attempt to impact a. Saturn sta|'e on the Moon was on the Apollo 13 flight. The momer.t of impact was recorded iit 8:09:39 p.m. EST April 14, 1970. the Apollo 12 seismometer .recorded a signal from the impact for , more than four hours. j On lunar flights . before Aopllo 13, the; rocket's third stage- completed its primary. job and then was programmed into a . jslingshot" maneuver^ one that uses the Moons gravity to jpropel the stage around. the ^Moon and toward orbit around the Sun. On. these trajectories, the spent stages spedl Moon at a distancp of about 2,000 miles on their sub-orbital' paths. Astronauts .Expect Most Revealing Lunar Photos Ever WASHINGTON — The Apollo 14 astronauts expect to bring back from their lunar expedition next month i .some of the most revealing, photos of the Moon ever. taken. The mission is being prepared for launch from the- National Aeronautics ; and; Space Administration's Kennedy Space Center, Fla., Jan. 31, to make, the third U.S. manned lunar landing Feb. 5 and return to Earth in the western Pacific Feb. 9. Landing Site Photographed • Using a : modified aerial reconnaisance camera for the first time, the command module • pilot, Stuart A.- Roosa, will photograph can-, didate Apollo landing sites 1 as his spacecraft swoops within 10 miles of the central highlands near the crater' Descartes. Thjs pictures should show ! the lunar surface at two or three feet resolution. With • such resolution, it should be possible to recognize Boulders and craters as small as about six feet. This resolu tion is ten times greater than that achieved by previous Apollo lunar flights.- V To Photograph LM > Later, from 70 miles up, besides making additional pictures of the central highlands Roosa hopes to photo• graph the lunar module - (LM) as his crewmates, Apollo 14 Commander. Alan B. Shepard, Jr., and Lunar- Module Pilot Edgar D. Mitchell, land their spider-legged spacecraft in the Fra Mauro uplands. From this height the camera can provide resolution of about- 15 feet. This is; just about adequate for recognizing objects as small as the LM. Sun reflections off the ' silvery,. spacecraft and its '- long early-morning ' shadow • on' the Moon should help the camera ;to spot it. . Other Pictures After rendezvous with the LM, Roosa will attempt to ' get pictures of the. fresh, • man-made "craters blasted into the lunar surface when the • Apollo 12 LM ascent stage and the Apollo 13 Saturn rocket third stage were '• crashed west of Fra Mauro, ,to cause measurable Moon- quakes, j after completing their missions. If the Apollo 14 third stage hits the Moon,, as planned, he will also try . to obtain a photograph of its crater. Because the weights, velocities, and impact angles of* "the stages are. known, good; pictures of their craters will! tell scientists much about the physical characteristics of the-surface. .•'•';." Finally, after leaving lunar orbit for the return journey to Earth, Roosa will point his big camera back at the Moon to photograph its full disc" and' provide' new measurements of its shape. Camera Details. - The Lunar Topographic f Camera, made by the Hycon \ company, Monrovia, Calif., •has an!'18-inch focal length f/4.0 lens, shutter speeds of l/50th, l/100th, and 1/200th seconds and. a frame rate variable from 4 to 75.frames : a minute in- the automatic mode.'It can also be operated - one frame manually to take at a time. An automatic rocking cam era mount compensates forward motion of! craft oyer the lunar surface during exposures by keeping the camera pointed directly at ' the , object it| is graphing. SATURDAY, JANUARY 30. 1971 Aerospace Workers to View Launch HUNTSVILLE, Ala. — During all 23 Satum space vehicle ' launches ' at the NASA-Kennedy Space Cen- ter in Florida, spectators have included educators, scientists, industrialists, government officials and foreign dignitaries. " The National Aeronautics and Space Administration also sponsors an unusual group very closely, associated with space, flight hardware and often far removed from the decision makers. Aerospace "Workers. These are. the aerospace workers, both government and industry, who are selected by their organizations to view - the launch because of outstanding work or inno- " vations in connection with the space program. About 150 such honorees will watch the flight of Apollo 14 scheduled Jan. 31. Daring the Apollo 11 launch which' resulted in man's first. lunar landing, they shared the' bleachers with former President Lyndon Johnson and Vice President Spiro" Agnew. The group included welders, air cargo handlers, two women who sewed suits worn by the Apollo 11 crewmen, machinists and quality controllers. Exceptional Performance Another group joined President Richard Nixon to view the Apollo 12, launch. Those, selected by NASA to witness the launch may be , men or women, blue collar or first line supervisory employees, union or non-union. . „ But all are selected because of exceptional performance within their scope of authority and responsibility. Started in 1966 •• ' The program started in 1966 with about a dozen outstanding workers invited to see the first Saturn IB flight. The program expanded as astronauts began flying the huge Saturn rockets ' and. the Space Agency increased employee emphasis on quality control and flijjht. safety. The Manned Flight Awareness program is directed by NASA's Safety Director, Jerome Lederer. About 600 honorees have witnessed the launches. Some are from subcontractor, oi vendor plants. Invited by Directors The guests are invited by . the directors of each of the three NASA Manned Space Flight field centers. These are the. "Kennedy Space Center in Florida, the Manned Spacecraft Center in Texas . and the Marshall Space Flight Center in Alabama. for the space- photo! . I • • I The camera takes 41/2- inch square frames on 180- foot rolls of fijlm. Three, magazines will carry black- and-white film fori more than 1,200 frames. Photographs of candidate landing sites will be in ovrelapping frames within strips of lunar landscape aout 350 miles long by 3 miles wide from the low orbit and 850 mi'es'long by 16 miles wide from the higher orbit. V . ,- I .The camera is tbout a foot square and 28 i icbes long, and weighs. 65 pounds. But in the : weightl >ssness of space, Roosa wilj handle it with ease as he from beneath spacecraft coui mounts it in'-;the, the crew-access use. '<• •;" ' - ... unstows it one . of the thes ' and window of hatch for Honorees usually arrive at the Florida launch site one day before the space flight. They are taken "on a tour of the government facilities and, in the evening, attend a . reception. Several astronauts always attend the reception and make brief speeches thanking the employees for their production effort. -.' .. Other Special Guests Others who have attended the receptions in the past include' Charles Lindbergh, Eddie Rickenbacker, ' Jimmy Stewart, Bill Dana, CTovm Prince Victor Emanuel of Italy, Explorer Jacques Piccard, and Cartoonist Johnny Hart. Governors and senators have also attended, along with top NASA and industry .officials. Inflight Experiments Slated to Test Zero-Gravity Equipment, Processes : WASHINGTON — Four, zero-gravity inflight' demonstrations will be flown on the Apollo 14 lunar-landing, mission next month and may be-i shown in live television from the spacecraft on the return ; flight from the Moon., * They are technical, demon--!] stiations of equipment and : processes designed to illus• trate the use of the unique • condition of zero-gravity in-' ; space. V The four technical demon- 0 strations planned for Apollo' 5 14 are: ELECTROPHORETIC SEPARATION Most organic molecules " pick . up small electric charges when they are, placed in slightly acid-or al- ' it kaline water solution and will move through such a solution if an electric field .is applied to it; this effect is known as : electrophoresis. Since different molecules move at different speeds, the faster molecules in a mix• ture that starts moving from one end of a tube of solution will outrun the slower ones as they move toward the other end. This characteristic of electrophoresis can be exploited to prepare pure samples of organic.materials for applications in medicine and biological research' if problems due to sample sedimentation and sample. mixing by convection can be overcome. If successful, the demon stration will show that more refined, apparatus could be developed to prepare samples of materials on future space missions'for use in medical and • biological research on the ground. Ultimately, the method may prove practical for large-scale processing of' new vaccines and similar biological preparations on- ' board manned space stations. HEAT FLOW AND . CONVECTION This| demonstration .is "-designed! to. perform four tests on heat transfer in weightless liquids and gases. In. three 6f the tests,'temperatures- around electric heaters immersed in samples of pure water,?a sugar solution, and' carbon! dioxide gas will be mapped out by color changes produced in "liquid crystal" temperature indi .fourth test-will fluid flow induce( a sample of oil containing, a suspension of fin >' aluminum flakes. The results observed and photographed bw atorsyThe Observe the by heating the astro T nauts will characterize the •effects of convection and : other mode's of h sat transfer in fluids ^during s pace' flight. This information .will be of value in designing future space experiments and assessing the f e isibility of many processes that have been proposed for manufacturing products in space. LIQUID TRANSFER This technical! Hon is designed demonstrate show the' benefits of using tank baf- fling in ' the storage and transfer of liquids in zero- gravity. -The tests will be conducted with two sets of simulated tanks, one set con. taining tank baffling and the other without any baffling. The advantages of tanks with btffles can be important in the design of future- space refueling systems. COMPOSITE CASTING This" technical demonstration, is designed to demonstrate the effect of zero- gravity on the preparation of cast. metals, fibre-Strengthened materials, and single crystals. The results to be obtained from these tests will be used to evaluate the prospects for making improved metallurgical products in space.
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