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t ' .•Xt Mr* 74th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY JANUARY 30, 1964 SI.50 Per Month 16 Pages 10 Cent* SATURN PUTS U. S. AHEAD — A bird of a different feather is observed by a seagull at Cape Kennedy as the mighty SA-5 Saturn launch vehihcle leaves its pad sending the world's heaviest satellite into orbit. U. S. scientist promptly claimed an end to Russia's acknowledged leadership in rocket power. The Saturn-1 is perhaps twice as muscular as the biggest Soviet space booster. (UPI Telephoto) Goldwater says two party system at stake PITTSBURGH (UPI) — Sen. Barry Goldwater, who believes be has the inside track to the Republican presidential nomination, told a GOP fund raising dinner Wednesday night that this election year will "tell whether there arc to be two parties in this nation ..." The Arizona Republican told the $100-a-plate gathering that this election year "is one for the history books. This is the me that will tell whether there e to be two parties in this na- .i, or whether one will elect . perpetuity while the other ..mtters in obscurity." Goldwater said there is a need for two parties "because there are two paths which face us and a great choice is to be made between them." He said one path is toward "growing control ... by the executive branch of the federal government." • In another obvious reference to the current national administration, Goldwater criticized the "befriending of enemies and the | offending of Allies . . . the isolation of this the mightiest na- 'tion on earth, behind walls of j indecision while the world cries I for the leadership that could restore liberty and greatness." The Republican party, Goldwater said, would restore the nation's "fiscal and moral integrity . . . the checks and balances in our government." "America needs a choice. The Weather Redlands Weather Today Highest 70, Lowest 39 One Year Ago Highest 68, Lowest 47 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 6:47 a.m. — 5:19 p.m. No smog, allowable burning. Sao Bernardino Valley: Mostly sunny with some high clouds Friday. Local fog late night and early morning hours. Little change in temperature. Low tonight 33-38. U.S. Weather Bureau Noon Forecast Skies will be sunny with some variable high clouds over most of Southern California this afternoon and Friday but there will be haze in coastal areas. Coastal fog and low clouds will spread inland to coastal valleys late tonight and early Friday morning with some patches of fog early in the morning in intermediate valleys. The outlook for Saturday indicates no material change in weather or temperatures. Temperatures and precipitation for the 24-hour period ended at 4 a.m.: High Low Preeip. Boston 31 25 T Chicago 39 33 Cincinnati 41 22 Denver 54 16 Detroit 35 29 Fairbanks 3 0 .01 Fort Worth 50 45 .97 Helena 37 25 Honolulu 79 71 T Kansas City 56 28 Las Vegas 61 36 Los Angeles 65 54 Minneapolis 28 9 New York 35 31 Oklahoma City 47 33 .22 Palm Springs 74 46 Sacramento 48 46 .05 Salt Lake City 28 15 .01 San Francisco 54 48 .02 Seattle 48 39 .18 Washington 39 28 England may be heading for cold weather LONDON (UPI) — Hubert Lamb, an official long-range weather forecaster, said Wednesday Britain may be heading for a "little ice age." Lamb, a member of the meteorological office team that procures Britain's monthly weather forecasts, wrote in the magazine Discovery that the records going back to the year 800 indicate the weather has an 800-year cycle. He said after the 12th century the weather deteriorated and reached its worst in the 16th century, when most of Europe suffered from harsh winters and wet summers. In the 17th century it began to warm up and reached its best about 1900. The past two cold winters may be the first signs of another longterm decline in Britain's usually mild climate, he said. ' Republican party can offer that | choice ... not an echo, a rallying cry." he said. Earlier, at a pre-dinner press conference, Goldwater said the ! advantage he has most everyplace in the race for the Republican nomination "is the advantage of having been there many times." Goldwater said "there is no need for a fight" for the GOP spot. "The issues are very clear." He pointed out he would not enter into what he called personality conflicts in the campaign, but declined to elaborate on the statement. Reason For Meeting Goldwater also revealed the reason for a recent private meeting wiih Pennsylvania Gov. William Scranton, who has been under constantly increasing pressure to wage an active campaign for the GOP presidential nomination. "He wanted to know what I could do to help him" lead an uncommitted Pennsylvania delegation to the GOP convention in San Francisco next summer. Goldwater said. "I told him there was nothing I could do. Goldwater said he would not try to stop anyone from placing his name in the Pennsylvania primary April 28 because "this is a citizen's right." On Scranton's recent rise to prominence in the presidential picture, Goldwater said "I've never been convinced that Bill wants to run for the presidency." Russians launch space stations MOSCOW (UPI)—The official Soviet news agency Tass said today Russian scientists have put into orbit "a space system" containing two scientific "stations." "In the U.S.S.R. today a space system—two scientific stations Elektron-1 and Elektron-2 have been put by one powerful carrier rocket into essentially different artificial earth satellite orbits." The Soviet launching came one day after the United States placed a 37.700-pound satellite into orbit from Cape Kennedy, Fla. The American satellite was launched by a 164-foot Saturn — rocket and was at that time the world's heaviest space vehicle. Tass said preliminary information indicated the two objects had been placed "into orbits which are close to the calculated ones." The agency described the fundamental task of the vehicles as "simultaneous studying of the internal and external radiation belts of the earth and physical phenomena connected with them." U.S. launches Ranger on camera mission to moon Attacks Johnson Rockefeller assails 'leadership gap 1 LOS ANGELES (UPI)—New York Gov. Nelson Rockefeller today assailed a "leadership gap" in the United States. Continuing his attack on the administration, the top presidential aspirant charged in an address prepared for a rally in nearby Long Beach that American prestige and influence abroad has suffered sharply in the past three years. "The United States' position in international affairs has seriously deteriorated in the four corners of the globe," he said. He pointed to Latin America, Africa, Asia and Europe and at the domestic problems of unemployment, medical care for the aged, civil rights legislation and the tax cut bill at home. "It is time to face facts," he said. "It is time to stop government by catch phrases. It is time for real solutions to the tough problems confronting us at home and abroad. "It is time to fill the leadership gap," Rockefeller said. "And it is up to the Republican party to do it." Rockefeller had leveled a verbal attack at the President and another Wednes- his administration in address in Hollywood day night. He characterized Johnson as a "stunt man" and an "old political ringmaster," and called upon Republicans to expose "this Operation Hoodwink." In his first direct swipe at Johnson since he took office after the Nov. 22 assassination of President Kennedy, Rockefeller charged the President was "riding two horses going in opposite directions." "Lyndon Johnson is running against the record of failure by the administration of which he was part and parcel for three years," said Rockefeller. "But he's all for the New Frontier. Rockefeller spoke from the Hollywood Palladium to a closed circuit television rally piped to .cities across the na tion. A crowd estimated at 1,500 paid $100 a plate to attend the dinner. It culminated his second day of campaigning for California's pivotal 86 votes at the July Re publican national convention in San Francisco. The state holds a June 2 presidential primary. Way cleared for ebafe on Rights Bill WASHINGTON (UPI) — The Rules Committee today cleared the civil rights bill for debate by the House starting Friday. Final house action is expected by Feb. 11. The rules committee approved the bill, as expected, in a closed session after nine days of public hearings. The measure is designed to eliminate discrimination in voting, education, employment, public accommodations and use of federal funds. The committee vote to send the bill to the floor was 11-4. Six Democrats and all five committee Republicans voted for it. The committee arranged for 10 hours of general debate on the bill, expected to take about two days, and then a period for amendments to be offered that probably will run six to eight days. The bill, on President Johnson's congressional "must" list, has the support of both Democratic and Republican House leaders. Oponents, mostly southern Democrats, have little hope of killing the bill, but hope to weaken it through amendments on the House floor next I week. Shell entry into Senate race is doubtful SACRAMENTO (PCNS) The entry of former State Assemblyman Joseph C. Shell into the race for the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate in June now appears "highly doubtful", it was learned here today. Shell, who rose to national prominence in 1962 when he opposed former Vice President Richard M. Nixon in the GOP gubernatorial primaries, had been considered one of the leading potential candidates for the post now held by ailing Democratic Senator Clair Engle. Highly reliable sources informed PCNS today that the commitment of several of Shell's key political advisors to work for the Goldwater for President campaign organization gives strong indication that the Los Angeles oilman will not enter the Senate race. A key to Shell's decision, observers believe, could be the acceptance of a major Goldwater for President campaign position by veteran Republican political leader Earl Hardage. Hardage, a close friend of Shell's who served as campaign manager in his 1962 bid for the governorship, reportedly has agreed to assist with the organization of Southern California Goldwater forces. It had been generally acknowledged that Hardage would be one of the principal figures in Shell's campaign if the former Assembly floor leader decided to seek the GOP nomination for Engle's Senate seat. With Hardage and other Shell associates moving into the active Goldwater camp, observers believe that Shell has all but abandoned any plans he may have had to mount a statewide senatorial election campaign. CAPE KENNEDY (UPI) The United States, shooting for its second space victory in as many days, launched a camera- carrying Ranger probe today on a planned 240,000-mile journey to get the first closeup pictures of the moon. A silvery, 103 - foot Atlas- Agena rocket thundered from its launching pad at 7:49 a.m. PST with the 804-pound scientific package — America's first moonshot in 15 months—tucked in its nose. Scientists planned to put Ranger in a so-called "parking" orbit about 110 miles above earth, and then re-fire the Agena second stage to push the probe toward deep space. If all goes as planned, the Ranger would arrive at the moon in about 66 hours, or approximately 2 a.m. PST Sunday. The launching came 24 hours after U.S. scientists shot a giant Saturn-1 super rocket into orbit and claimed world supremacy in rocket power. The 10-story Atlas - Agcna climbed smoothly from its launching pad atop a pillar of brilliant red flame and smoke. Within 30 seconds it streaked through low-hanging clouds 4,000 feet up and began a delicate, curving arc down the Atlantic missile range. Ninety seconds after liftoff the rocket climbed through the fringes of space and left a bril liant white vapor trail. The ! space agency said at that point, "the trajectory looks good." After burning for a little more than two minutes, the Atlas booster engine was cutoff and separated. Scientists fired the world's heaviest satellite — an 84-foot section of burned out rocket casing and sand ballast — intoj orbit Wednesday with a mighty I Saturn-1 super booster, and promptly claimed an end to Russia's acknowledged leader- i ship in rocket power. The Saturn-1, perhaps twice as muscular as the biggest Soviet space booster, "did take us ahead of the Russians in the ability to carry a payload into orbit," said Robert Seamans. associate administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Advanced versions of the Saturn are expected to take three-man teams of U.S. astronauts to the moon later this decade — but unmanned flights by Ranger probes will pioneer the way, perhaps by helping locate the best landing spots for the manned ships. This is what scientists hoped the new Ranger. America's newest attempt at ending a string of 14 failures in as many shots at what has come to be regarded as the nation's most elusive target in space, would do. The Ranger, sixth in the sc(Continued on Page 9) Ruling junta overthrown in Viet Nam revolt SAIGON, South Viet Nam —Tough, pro - American Maj. Gen. Nguyen Khanh overthrew the ruling military junta today in a bloodless coup he said was necessary to "sweep away the Communists and traitors who are in favor of neutralism." The 36-year-old Khanh, commander of the key 1st Army Corps, apparently was backed by most if not all of the leaders of the South Vietnamese armed forces in toppling the three - month - old junta shortly before dawn without firing a shot. So swiftly and efficiently was the coup planned and carried out that Saigon appeared completely normal on the surface late in the day, save for the presence of troops stationed at key points. Khanh said in a broadcast over Saigon Radio that he acted to prevent a French-inspired neutralization of Viet Nam. He hinted the ousted junta members had been plotting with French agents to this end. Saigon Radio broadcast a decree signed by 17 Vietnamese army generals and large number of colonels, which said the youthful Khanh had replaced Maj. Gen. Duong Van Minh as chairman of the new junta and as head of state. Bodies of three airmen being taken to W. Berlin BERLIN (UPI)—The bodies of three U.S. airmen killed when Soviet jet fighters downed their unarmed trainer plane in East Germany Tuesday will be brought to West Berlin tonight, authoritative sources said. The wreckage of their T39 twin-jet trainer also will be brought here, the sources said. The U.S. military laison mission to the Soviet forces in East Germany went to the crash scene from Potsdam and is transporting the bodies and the wreckage back to the West. A U.S. Army ambulance was sent from West Berlin for the bodies of Lt. Col. Gerald K. Hannaford, 41, Capt. John F. Lorraine, 34, and Capt. Donald G. Millard, 33. The Army also sent a flat-bed truck and a trailer to retrieve the wreckage of the plane, the sources said. The three men were killed when Soviet jet fighters forced their aircraft down over East Germany near the city of Erfurt, about 120 miles southwest of Berlin. The plane had been on a training flight from Wiesbaden, West Germany, when it apparently strayed over East Germany due to a navigational error. The U.S. State Department said Wednesday that the Soviets shot down the plane in an "inexcusably brutal act of violence." and demanded punishment for those responsible. Echo II reported operating with great success VANDENBERG AFB (UPI)— America's giant Echo 2 balloon satellite was reported today to still be operating with "great success" despite earlier radar signals indicating it had run into trouble in space. A spokesman for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) said scientists still were attempting to determine the accuracy of radar signals received earlier in the week indicating the big balloon Reliable sources said Nguyen i was deflatins- Ngoc Tho, who had been the' civilian prime minister of the provisional government set up in the wake of the overthrow of the Ngo Dinh Diem regime last Nov. 1 and 2, had been fired. Minh was seized and taken under heavy guard to general staff headquarters outside Saigon. Minh himself had taken power with the ouster of Diem, and had been given recognition and support by the United States. Scientists communicating via Echo II VANDENBERG AFB (UPI)— U.S. and Russian scientists have communicated by satellite for the first time by sending messages to each other via America's giant Echo-2 balloon spacecraft, it was announced today. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) said it had just received word of the successful message exchange between U.S. scientists at Jodrell Bank Observatory in England and Soviet Scientists at Zcmcnski Observatory at Gorki, east of Moscow. A NASA spokesman said information received at this Pacific Missile Range base, where the world's largest satellite was launched last Saturday, indicated the first U.S. - Russian space communications interchange "went as planned." Quote of Day PHILADELPHIA — Former Republican presidential candidate Thomas E. Dewey, telling a party dinner that the abortive Cuban invasion was the beginning of national disgrace for the United States in foreign affairs: "We can't afford to let this go on. The free world cannot afford it. We ought to pull up our socks and act like responsible, intelligent Americans again." It also had been indicated the 13-story - high "Sateloon" was losing some of its reflectivity through wrinkling of the plastic and aluminum foil surface. However, Nasa said powerful telescopes showed Echo 2 as "still looking in good spherical shape optically." Scientists also said that if the 135 - foot- diameter satellite is orbiting at an altitude slightly lower than planned—as has been reported, this in itself would have little effect on the vehicle. Echo 2 was used Wednesday as a tool for communication stations around the world to send messages. However, U.S. and Russian scientists still were working out details for their first exchange of messages by satellite. NASA officials had reported Wednesday morning that they had received word of a success ful exchange of messages between American scientists at Jodrell Bank Observatory in England and Soviet scientists at Zemenski Observatory at Gorki, east of Moscow. Later in the day, however, the NASA officials said the report was in error and issued a brief statement saying there had as yet been no such exchange. Wednesday's test transmission. NASA explained, was between the Air Force's Air Development Center at Rome, N.Y., and Ohio State University at Columbus, Ohio. There was an earlier transmission from Rome, N.Y., on Sunday, and previously a transmission was carried out between the Navy's transmitter at Stumpneck, Md., and Dallas, Tex. Russians say American story unconvincing MOSCOW (UPI) —The official news agency Tass today branded as "incoherent" and "unconvincing" the American explanation that a U.S. jet trainer had strayed off course when it was downed by Soviet jets over East Germany. The Soviet agency implied in a dispatch from Washington that the T39 trainer in which three American officers were killed Tuesday was on a reconnaissance mission. "The version of the official representative of the State Department that the plane strayed off its course could not satisfy anybody," Tass said. "W ashing ton's protests against the loss—with life — of the American plane which had provocatively violated the GDR (East German) air space are most unconvincing. "The aircraft was manned by every experienced officers ... Central Europe is not a jungle and experienced fliers could not lose their way there." The Tass report did not refer to the manner in which the plane was downed. The Soviet Union has given no official explanation except that "measures" were taken against the plane and that it subsequently crashed. The United States has charged that Soviet jets shot down the unarmed trainer. The incident brought a chill to Soviet - American relations but some Western observers predicted it would have no long- term effect. Just thinking, that's all DES MOINES, Iowa. (UPD- Municipal Court Judge Harry Grund asked Bert L. Brown why he was driving the wrong way on a one-way street. Brown replied he was "thinking about going fishing." "Case dismissed," said Grund, an ardent angler. State spends $530 to teach each pupil BURLINGAME (UPI) — California is spending $530 for the education of each student in public school during the 1963-64 term, but has slipped from sixth to seventh among the states, according to a report released today by the California Teachers Association. Although the 530 figure is S14 higher than the previous year, California is topped by New- New York, Alaska, Oregon, Wyoming, New Jersey and Connecticut. New York ranks first with S705 per pupil while Mississippi is low with $241. Eisenhower gives views of news, candidates Panama seeks to brand U.S. an aggressor WASHINGTON (UPI) —Panama, breaking off mediation efforts, sought today to have the Organization of American States (OAS) brand the United States as an "aggressor." In a note delivered to the OAS late Wednesday night Panama called for a special meeting of the OAS council to consider charges of U.S. "aggression" — namely "attacks suffer e d by Panama's civilian population" when U.S. forces quelled Canal Zone rioting three weeks ago. OAS officials said the special meeting would probably be convened today or Friday. Panama's note declared that mediation efforts which a five- nation inter - American peace committee has been conducting for two weeks had "ceased." The committee, however, so far has not declared that its efforts are ended. DETROIT (UPI) — Former President Dwight D. Eisenhower left Michigan's Republican party a few thousand dollars richer today and with a guarded endorsement of its favorite son, Gov. George Romney. Eisenhower, climaxed a two- day visit to Michigan Wednesday night as the star performer at a $100-a-plate "dinner with Ike," designed to raise money for the 1964 GOP war chest. He was to fly back to his winter home at Palm Springs, Calif., today. He talked briefly to more than 3.000 Republicans at Cobo Hall Wednesday night, then went on a closed-circuit telecast to address 22 fund-raising dinners across the country. Eisenhower proposed a nationwide GOP system of "party- to-people" plans to conduct forums and public discussions aimed at stimulating and educating voters. Telephone Co reports sabotage LOS ANGELES (UPI) — The General Telephone Co. today reported the 239th incident of apparently wilfull damage to company equipment since the start of a Communications Workers of America strike 104 days ago. The latest incident involved slashing of an 11 - pair cable on Duffy Street in Muscoy, north of San Bernardino. The damage was not noticed until Wednesday, when one of the eight customers on the line reported it out of order. Company spokesmen attributed the incident to sabotage.