Kingsport Times from Kingsport, Tennessee on May 5, 1942 · Page 1
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Kingsport Times from Kingsport, Tennessee · Page 1

Kingsport, Tennessee
Issue Date:
Tuesday, May 5, 1942
Page 1
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11» — « WEATHER FORECAST Somewhat ccwler tonight Monday high W>; low last night 48. Today noon 71. a IKtttgattnrt 3imga Vol. XXVII, No. 107 Kingsport, Tennessee, Tuesday, May 5, 1942 10 Pages Five Cents HOME EDITION Japan Invades China From Burma Fighting Rages On Madagascar Commandos Invade Vi(hy Island all (By The .%Moriated Pre».* * Bitter fighting was reported rag- ng today on the north end of i.OOO-mile-long French Madagas- ctr, the worlds fourth largest isiajid, as British sea-bourne forces attacked toward the Diego Suarez r.a^-al base after a surprise landing. France’s 86-year-old Chief of State Peu in and Marshal Darían. anti-British chief of French armed Drees, were reported to have sent i message to the commander in chief at Madagascar urging the troop« to “resist attack and defend the honor of the French flag." Map of Madagascar on page 10,> London military quarters said the British, striking to forestall a threatened axis attempt to seize the strategic territory, had cap­ tad a French batterj-. •French Casualties*’ A German broadcast said there had been French casualties and that fighting continued more than hours after British troops landed early Monday at Courier Bay, IP miles across the isthmus from Suarez. The broadcast said it was not known yet whether the British ksding operations had succeeded. DNB, the German news agency, reported that a French submarine mi a tender had been sunk at Madagascar resisting the British landing. The island. 800 miles off the east coast of South Africa, commands allied sea lanes to the Middle East dia and China. A British war office commu- uque said the landing force consisted of reguliir troops and a small contingent of "special ser\*ice trwips"—identified as commandos -and met little opposition. "Our forces have landed at Courier Bay, covered by naval aircraft with the intention of proceeding across the isthmus to the naval base at Diego Suarez,” the British communique said. BULLETINS No Rupture Vichy, France —.T— Chief of Government I.«val announced tonight that he had told the V. 8. Charge d’Affairea this morning that under no circumstance* would France make the first move toward a rupture between France and the I’nlted States. Attack Navy Base l.ondon —.T— British commandos, marines and infantry landed on the northern tip of Madagascar today, and a \’ichy news agency broadcast that they were attacking the strong French naval base of Diego Suarez from the rear while %varshi{>s and squadrons of airplanes assaulted the harbor frontally. 'Will Defend Island' VIehy, I'noceiipied France —.T —lules Brevie, secretary of state for colonies in the I,aval government, declared tonight that the Viehy forces on Madagascar were resolved to defend the island against the British occupation ex- piMtition and saluted the "valiant troops guarding the honor of the "flag" there. Red Armies Smash At Nazi Bases Civilian Iron, Steel Use Ordered Halted Japs 670 Miles From Chungking \Vashington~;P-The iron and steel that go into the product of peace- ' ful and pleasant living today were ordered poured into the crucibles of; Chungking-iP-Japanese ■ troop. invaded China’s Yunnan Province General conservation order M-126. the most sweeping yet issued by after driving up the Burma the war production board, directs thousands of manufacturing plants crossing the shallow rvt-u were reporieci nam- to .stop within 90 days all use of the metals needed for guns and nlanes from this menng at three key German base.s , ^ e meia.s neeaea lor guns and planes capital, a military' spokesman said rbe’‘';ic“."rorl<“i.t"Kt"r1<‘? ' M«nufacurer., of .ore than bSZ'for^S (By The AMorlated Prenn) Marshal Semeon Timoshenko’s Red armies w'ere reported ham- ring. Timo.shenko’s huge-scale a.ssaults on a .300-niiIe front, ranging from I cow, coincided with a .special me.s- sage he sent yesterday to residents of the German-occupied Ukraine: 1 "The Red army is on its way to liberate you.” Other European war developments: Voh- «»■S' boxes, fountain pens, pie spokesman reported. it Plates, waste baskets, tea Pots., thfchitsTsectl swivel chairs, slide fasteners, vot^ ‘ the Burma ing machine.s, and all novelties and moim’tninc ««rT • sheer souvenirs and Christmas tree orna- i „ot vet h^pn gorges, ^d I not yet been necessary but that , i the Chinese would carry out their , . . , ^ ben present stocks are ex- i scorched earth policy if nececoarv was made a crime, punishable by hausted the handyman around the ry. fine or imprisonment. house will have to fashion his own desperately to break the Nazi siege wholesalers, distributors, bers. retailers and all their ployes. The consuming public was ,u c? i 4 I. It * Hi warned against receiving articles the Sea of Azov half wav to Mos- u & , ... • ■ , known to have been produced in nients. violation of the order, and violation The Knockout Blow order was regarded as 1, 2, 3, 4 — Desfroyers! Approved By V. 8. *Tt ii hoped that the French tudaorities will accept the offer of the United Nations to help in dc- ferse of the island against axis aggression." A Washington statement last Tight declared the dawn landing was made with "the full approval and support of the government of the United States," and hinted at acti^ American military aid against resistance. A Tokj’o broadcast commented angrily; “The Madaga.scar occupation Ls a direct aggression against Vichy Here's a four-base hit against the Axis to make Schicklegruher gnaw another rug. Four new' U. S. destroyers slide down the ways at Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co.’s Kearny, N. J., yards in history's first quadruple naval launching. Left to right, top to bottom, are the U. S. S. Fletcher, Radford, Mervine and Quick. Allied Air Force Blasts At Japanese Pacific Bases Patterson Says Army to Build Up To 6 Million Men Washington—.T*~The army Ls building up to a strength of 6.000.000 men. Undersecretary of War Patterson disclosed today in testifying for the continuance of war department powers to commi.ssion civilians as army officers. Patterson pleaded with the house military committee not to "sabotage the whole effort by putting us in a strait-jacket,” through strict restrictions on commissioning. Defending the present policy of issuing commissions for administrative and technical personnel, he said. “I don't claim the system is perfect.” but with an army of six million men not all of the officers would "be the very best men.” Previou.sly it has been announced that the goal for this year was an army of .1.600,000 men. When the 6 , 000.000 figure could be attained was not disclosed. (The Japanese claimed their air _ , force already had carried the war fixtures—saws, hammers and screw! far into Yunnan Province with a drivers were excepted from the heavy raid on Yungchang, about 1 100 miles inside British w'arplanes heavily bombed knockout blow to the durable goods The decree was the avalanche wbere the Burma the great Skoda armament works industry. Any plant that can not fbat follow'ed preliminary orders the upper reaches at Pilsen in Nazi-occupicd former shift to the manufacture of w’ar against the manufacture of auto- Mekong river.) Czccho-Slovakia before dawn to- materials must shut down for the mobiles, refrigerators, vacuum | day, dropped flares and leaflets duration. There were some excep- cleaners, typewriters and other se- Drive 500 Miles over Vichy, capital of unoccupied tions, such as the making of cer- ^««ted articles. LuTd7ic.”cfty’‘of”st'uttglinn?om^ maintenance work!''hosiit”l'’equip- mktS‘ior'90°'X's™bu’t tbit mvaier« e.f weat Germany. men., etc.. Pnt the ove"..,. & TtlttlZ^y V/iexc'?/. X , i great Burma port, which the Japa- the province Road crosses of the Great Thus in little less than two months, the Japanese invaders of Vital War Center was to ban the manufacture of or silver. Stuttgart is the reported headquarters of the Bosch electrical works, the Daimler and Benz airplane engine factories, and other vital military targets. A German broadcast said that the RAF "attacked” Vichy with incendiary bombs and that French anti-aircraft batteries went into action, but Vichy dispatches said the planes merely dropped propaganda and observation flares. The raiders also flew over Clermont - Ferrand, 30 miles from Vithv. Nante.s. France, and bombed ship- ^ number of persons, ping off the coasLs of Holland and -Vt Washington School Monday Norway. night, where sugar rationing regis- i nese have since utilized as its main I supply base, fell March 8. j The Japanese appeared intent ¡upon severing communications be; tWeen the Chinese of the left flank ‘ and the British of the right— at the wdid mountain approaches to India, the spokesman said, j The enemy w'as expected to con! céntrate his main effort toward capturing the strategic North Bur: ma town of Bhamo, some 170 miles Í north of devastated Mandalay, to Washington—.íT»—United States alternate terminus of registration a week, sugar and the Corregidor were hold- ^^« Burma Road, the spokesman ing out today against relentless A column already is mov- north from Mandalay along Irrawaddy river. Regisfrafions 'Confoosin' To Some Persons Double, double, toil and trouble. Now that the government seems to be conducting an average of one Heavy Bombings And Shellings Rake Corregidor Other RAF planes, carrying out draft appear to have become un V toaay against relentless . a widespread .series of night at- harmilv conLed ^ Japanese bombing and ..helling, tack.s potinded the dorks at ««"fused the minds of and a new Japanese landing on, the U. s. Bambers Raid Japanese Air Base the southern Island of Mindanao was being resisted stubbornly. The air raids on Corregidor sank the 56()-ton United States gunboat i Mindanao, but there were no cas-! ^ . ualties among the crew, which Delhi --JP— Huge United normally numbered about 80. ¡States bombers drove through a The War rtpartment communt- ínHttaSrSr ZiTnelrSí i.^tration April 27, another gentle- que late ye.sterday said that dur- base just north of Rangoon where German night raiders struck ^ hack with a .10-plane attack on the English .south dropping in- he was supposed to go to sign up cendiaries and high-explosive bombs for the draft. on Cowes and Eastbourne. During the Selective Service reg- Beat Off Attacks • u j j.,.ov xt,cnie,yjuu wucie „ TT 4 , • « 1 .. U patiently answered the ques- the day (General Wainwright’s 70 enemy aircraf had been sighted. ^ .t V k ,".u V tion,. put to him, thon asked hope- The great multi-motored crafts of as.serted that the Nazis had beaten u a a . , American hands at the Mai Gen I^wis Rreretnn’« cnm- off attacks by "strong enemy fu”-'. «"»1 "«w ''hat must I do entrance to Manila Bay were bom- mand dodged a concentration of forces ’ and declared that "several to got .sugar?” ; barded for five hours by Japanese searchlights and Tound f r? to offensive operations by German , artillery. ¡¿rop 250 and 500-pound bombs There were 13 separate air at- j which caused many fires and large Allied Headquarters, Australia—^ fP Allied air forces again have smashed forcefully at Japanese island bases above Australia "Trust Army I-eaders” ________________ "TriLst the army leaders in this policy,” I’attor.son urged, saying The Au.stralian war cabiq^ in a they should not be "hampered and and today in Canberra decided trammeled" by rulo.s on whom they Three Men Held In Driver Death Ard u bound to result in a further beaten oC another enemv raid on *he personnel, purpose and func- may or may not use. ^img of Vichys relations with Port Moresby, a communique an- I'"’:’® to known a.s the lender the propo.sed bi •J2e United Nations and bring Allied Supply Council. mussioning civilians, w bring nounced today, between Berlin and îx»ndon Madaeascar and that the «and would be “held in trust for against threatened axis ion. M hit bv ban on com- ritten into Members of the council will be: the pending army bill, Patterson J«hn A. Beasley, mini.ster of .sup- .said Sergeant Alvin C. York, World Allied fighters defend- pty. Hormon J. M. Makin, mini.s- War hero, ‘‘couldn't R. V. sinned he raid-aimed at an airdrome "’as chairman of the Allied Supply Com- .spon.sor of the amendment, ii’iihout effeit. niittee. who has not yet been Patter.son he was willing to rr closer cooperation «rd Italy.” Both Wsihingtoq hum , » • • • _______ - » »r.rounceaienUi made it clear that United Nations New Guinea „jivy munitions; R. V. sioned" he held no com- the occupation would not Inten- again; t a raiding air squad- Keane, mini.ster of trade and cu.s- mi.s-sion in the war. The war tionsUy iute^ere with the French *■«" hea%-y boml^r.s es- toms: J. J. Dedman. mini.ster of department, he added, "had in corted by ten zero naval fignte^, organization and industrial re- mind a commLs.sion for Sergeant four of the hit raider.s were bomb- spai-oh; a representative of the York.” er.s, the communique said, and the t’nited States government; and the Representative Faddis (D-PaU told modify Airdromes also were the ohjec- hosen. the proposal "in any way that will tivr of Ail ed ra ier* ov* r b th Beasley will serve as chairman make it workable." An originally La* New Guinea, .«tnd Rabul, New and the American representative -approved, the amendment would Britain. At Lae. the communique deputy < permit the i.ssuance of army com- Mid. an undisclosed number of TTie council primarily will be a mLs.sion.s only to graduates of rer- grounded enemy aircraft were dam- co-ordinating, planning and ad- ognized military training .srhooLs, aged by attacking fighter forces vi.sory body with power to make enlislad men who have completed and at Rabul bombers scored di- recommendations to Prime Minister a course in an officers' training Seventeen selectees of the con- rect hits on three planes, spread John W. Curtin as a link with school, or men who have held com- uigent which left here Friday bombs over an area where 20 others General Douglas MacArthur re- missions in the national guard, the ^cn tentatively rejected at w'ere disper.sed and started fires in garding executive action w’hich re.serve officers training corps, or induction center, draft board supply dumps. should be taken. , in the World War. oficen said thev had W Selectees Rejected By Army troops for the improvement of their own positions were carried out.” With signs of Hitler’s long- aw.aited grand offon.sive still mis.s- ing. German new.spapors took a grimmer tone and exhorted German war workers to speed up production for "a last gigantic strug- Harlan, Ky.—.'P-Sheriff Clinton glc ” C. Ball today reported that three A bulletin from Red army head- men were being questioned at quarters .said Russian troops P'rederick.sburg, Va., in connection "waged offen.sive battles on several with the death of Joe Christian, rommis- front and improved 48-year-old I^ouellen, Ky„ taxicab their pasitinn.s.” and dispatches driver whose body was found on implied that the Soviet armies had Black Mountain near Lynch yes- seized the initiative to break the terday. muddy .spring stalemate. sheriff .said the men. whom Defenders of long-be.siegrd Len- identified as Howard Henslev, inprad were pictured a.s .striking ; 5 q Yancev, Sherman Qouse, 28 tacks on Corregidor for the third explosions at Mingaladon airdrome, consecutive day. a communique said. Landings on Mindanao were Previous aerial reconnaissance made from four transports and,^^»^ established the presence of were believed to be aimed at seiz-*^^«."^ planes, ure of remaining airfields such as Eight fighter planes those used by American bombers "'«^re observed, but they stayed clear from Australia last month in raid.s gun-bristling raiders. on the Manila area. 44 Rescued By U. S. Planes Miami Flfl All the American craft returned undamaged to their bases. Chinese Guerrillas Roid Occupied Cifies i Chungking, China— JP —The Chi- inese Central New Agency report- led today that Chinese guerrillas TP — Far-ranging ' have made big-scale raids since Dozen RAF Men 44 Days In Boat Escaping Japs in- M - — been wfttid todr y. "^Ive of the men are still being it the indu' lion tstion. awalt- ^ action on their cases, it ^ «aid. - 5 ®^* these men. draft board may have remediable _^^eal defects, in which case thev Hitler Reported To Have Received Ultimatum From Generals On Drive 'fiUbe given an opportunity to take ®®»^ive treatment at Army ex- 4 treatment has been Pleted, they will again be sub^ to Army call. Dale Alexander Nomination Tenn. JP~ Dale tormer major league today went to bat in •eeki political contest. Ur -i5 democratic nomination »or iheriff. first fallow, who ome plaved base for Detroit and Boston * Ameri.-an League and this Apn«f P|toting Greeneville in the *^hian Ijf-rt^iie. has maintain- for home in Greene county .vear.-i. ,Tht Pnmary will be held Satur- London —Æ» A group of Adolf Hitler's generals headed by Field Marshal Walter Von Brauchitsch was reported today to have told the Fuehrer bluntly that if his 1942 campaign in Russia fails, they will try to institute for Germany an alternate plan of their own calling for "abolition of the Nazi .system.” A responsible source with unusually reliable information about conditions inside Germany said Hitler had accepted this challenge calmly and appointed Von Brauchitsch a member of the supreme command. Hitler relieved Von Brauchitsch I as commander in chief last Dec. 21 and announced that he himself, relying on his "intuition," | had assumed direct command of ! his armies. i The source said the incident might be interpreted in two ways: <1) That Hitler was confident of ; victory but needed the help of * his former commander in chief and Von Brauchitsch’s friend.s and hoped his appointment would ' win over critics; or (2) That he was beginning to recognize his weakness and was seeking compromises. Von Brauchit.sch was one of the strongest opponents of Hitler's plan for holding the forward positions in Russia through the winter and counselled falling back from Moscow long before Hitler agreed. Von Brauchitsch was said to have the confidence and backing of siTch important military leaders as Field Marsha! Fedor von Bock, Col. Gen. Franz Holder and Field Marshal Gen. Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt, recently appointed commander of the German and occupied coasts of Europe. All three were reported distrustful of Hitler's “intuition” generalship and his extension of greater powers to the Gestapo, with which the army frequently has clashed. There was no hint in the information reaching London whether the Von Brauchit.sch clique threatened Hitler with displacement or promised him some kind of chancellorship in the new order they would in.stitiite if his plans failed, the source said. The informant added that he- believed the di.ssidcnt generals might want to turn the campaign elsewhere, rather than to Russia, and to halt offensive warfare and seek to hold Germany's gains by defensive fighting. The clique might even ."trive by the removal of Hitlerism to gain a negotiated peace favorable to Germany, the source said. The informant .said there had been hints of some kind of German political friction involving Reichsmarshal Herman Wilhelm Cikiering. 1 Melbourne. Australia .1’ 12 air­ force men have reached Australia after sailing for 44 days across l.riPO miles of open sea from Java in a lifeboat, a feat which naval au- thoritie.s acclaimed a.s one of the great open boat voyages of history. RAF Wing Commander Jeiidwine was permitted today to tell the story of the navigation feat in which he and his companions, eight Australians and three other Britons, made good their daring escape from the Japanese-occupied 'Dutch East Indies. | They were becalmed and storm- damaged. They were menaced by a whale. They were seen but ig-' norcd by a Japanese submarine and unseen by an Australian flying boat which they hopefully sighted. When the escape was planned. Jeudwine related, only two lifeboats and one motorboat could be found. When they set out March 6, he said, there were 30 men in each * lifeboat and five in the motorboat along with a limited food supply, a ^ sextant, two compasses and one' map. Unfortunately, the motorboat and , one lifeboat were wrecked in a narrow passage and all but the chosen ; dozen—picked just as an air crew would be for a flight—had to stay NLRB Representative Probes Work Stoppage ........- Amoy. sriid they previously had been ques- an enemy .submarine sank a spic- It said loyal Chinese inside the tinned here about Christians dis- and-span new British freighter on cities co-operated by throwing appearance but had been relea.sed her maiden voyage. bomb.s, .starting fires and creating btfore the taxi drivers body was Twenty-four men were picked up turmoil. by planes which alighted on the Christian's throat was cut. He sea. Eight were flown to Bermuda President' of Peril had been missing since April 25. and the rest to a, Florida naval air His taxi was found burned the day station. The remaining 20 men, T q Arrive In Ii ^ Tndni# after his disappearance. The body their lifeboats separated in a tropi- • OOUy was found yesterday more than 40; cal wind and rain storm, were res- Miami, Fla.—iP—President Man- miles away. ! cued by passing ships. , uel Prado, chief e.xecutive of Peru, ' is scheduled to arrive late today as a guest of the government on a good neighbor visit during which he will observe the rising tide of war materials flowing from United I States factories. The first South American chief : executive to visit the United States [ while in office. President Prado was invited by President Roosevelt. Council Supports Madagascar Move • Washington— 4 T’—Members of th* Pacific War Council met at the s White House today, discussed the ’occupation of Madagascar and applauded it afterward as an essential and highly important strategic step. i The council, on which the sever ga, representative of the Inter- United Nations fighting in the Pa- behind. Bristol, Tenn. - JP— John A. Penelo, field examiner from the Baltimore office of the National ; Labor Relations Board, arrived i in Bristol this morning to investigate a complaint filed with ' the board by 96 tunnel construe- i tion workers, who contend their ' refusal to join a closed shop i union resulted in their being discharged by their employers, a private company building under ' contract a river diversion tunnel i at Big Creek for the South Hoi- ^ ston dam of the Tennessee Val- I ley Authority. 1 Penelo conferred this morning with Eugene Worrell, who as ! attorney for the protesting w'ork- ^ ers rcque.sted an NLRB investi- , gation and appealed for a decision in their favor, including re- in.statement on the jobs with bark pay. About 60 ordinary laborers were reported to be at work at the dam site on the Holston river while 96 skilled hard-rock drillers remained idle. A petition on behalf of the drillers was filed with the NLRB last week, protesting an agree- rnent between the Morrison- Knudson Co, and the American Federation of Labor union providing for a closed shop. Eugene Worrell and Leonard R. Hal!, attorneys representing the Protestants, said the workmen were discharged because they declined to join the union. John S. Turner of Chattanoo- national Hod Carriers’ Building and Common Laborers Union of America, said the closed shop contract with the company was signed on April 16. TVA has no part in the dispute since the tunnel work contract was let to the Morrison-Knudson Co. and the Utah Construction Co. 'cific war theater are represented meets weekly to canvass the w'hoU field of war strategy and supply, i Walter Nash, New' Zealand min- 'ister, described the taking over ol Madagascar as "a good job” w'hicfc Would contribute to the defense ol the Indian Ocean. He added that !this action w’as good for Francs land for the French people.

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