74th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 29, 1964 $1.50 Per Month Sixteen Pages 10 Cents U. S. PLANE SHOT DOWN - A Russian fighter shot down a U. S. Air Force jet trainer 20 miles northeast of Erfurt yesterday after the American plane became lost on a troining flight 50 miles away from the East German border. Russ admit shooting down U.S. jet trainer WIESBADEN, Germany (UPI)—The Soviet news agency Tass announced in Moscow today that a Russian fighter forced down a U.S. Air Force jet trainer and that it crashed in East Germany, killing the three American airmen aboard. A high - ranking U. S. Air Force officer said the unarmed T39 plane was "probably shot down" by Soviet jet fighters after it strayed across the border into Communist East Germany. Three officers were aboard it on a local training of Weimar. Therefore, the So- or radar screen images after it viet fighter had to take meas- entered Communist territory, ures in compliance with air de- "One was the T39 we tracked flight when it Tuesday. Tass said the U.S. T39 plane crashed near Vogelsberg about 20 miles northeast of Erfurt "after a Soviet fighter took measures" against it. The announcement was not clear as to whether the plane was shot down. "The Soviet fighter had to take measures in compliance with air defense instructions and as a result the intruder plane crashed," Tass said. "An inspection of the crash site showed that the intruder was a military jet plane of the T39 type belonging to the U.S. Air Force. Three corpses of servicemen were found." Tass said the plane was intercepted by the Soviet fighter fense instructions which arc well known to the American command Tass said the Soviet Union had protested the alleged intru sion o£ the T39 in a note de livered to U.S. Ambassador Foy D. Kohler in Moscow. The note called the incident a gross provocation aimed at aggravating the situation in Central Europe." Earlier, a high-ranking U. S. disappeared!Air Force officer said Communist jet fighters had "probably shot down" the unarmed plane after it strayed into East Germany. when it got lost and crossed the border," he said. "The others appeared to have been Communist aircraft. "The T39 blip vanished suddenly. The two other blips stayed in the scope. This indicates the American plane went out of the sky fast, probably shot down," he said The shooting down is the first such incident involving an American aircraft in divided Germany, where dozens of U.S. planes fly back and forth to Berlin over Communist territory every week. A British bomber was downed by the Communists A high Air Force officer told]in 1953 with the loss of five United Press International that U. S. radar men followed the twin-jet T39 with their scopes when it became clear it was lost and was crossing the Iron Curtain. They saw three blips U.S. protests shooting down trainer plane WASHINGTON (UPI) — The Problems of young actor ... f ... , >~ , - — «, ,. NEW YORK (UPI) — When; 0V .^ • , 11 /J, ,, I State Department said today it|5"5 miles per hour — meant it an off-Broadway revival of a men. An Air Force spokesman said the plane entered East Germany by accident. "Attempts by the radar crew to contact the aircraft were unsuccessful, indicating the aircraft was having radio or electronic navigational difficulties," he said. The three men aboard were Lt. Col. Gerald A. Hannaford, 41, of Austin, Tex., Capt. Donald D Millard of Ukiah. Calif, and Capt. John F. Lorraine of Jacksonville, Fla. The plane's speed — up to UN helicopter rescuing missionaries LEOPOLDVILLE (UPI) — A United Nations helicopter rescue team was dispatched today to rescue five American missionaries and five of their children from an area threatened by Communist-led Congolese terrorists. One American missionary, Miss Irene Ferrel, 42, of Jerome, Idaho, was killed by a terrorist arrow last week in Kwilu Province, where bands led by Communist-trained former cabinet minister Pierre Mulule have been raiding both missionary stations and Congolese towns. Kwilu Province officials arrived here Tuesday to appeal for Central government help against the terrorists. They said 100 administrators and other civil servants have been killed by the "Mulelist hordes" and the situation is now out of control. The 10 Americans to be rescued arc in the Kwilu Province i town of Kintshua, where razed houses have been sighted from the air. They were not immediately identified. Other missionaries in the province also have appealed for help. Most Serious Outbreak The Congo 'situation was by far the most serious outbreak of violence in Africa, but trouble was reported in other nations from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean. In the North African kingdom of Libya, six rioters were reported killed in scattered clashes with police. Students destroyed foreign property and stoned some foreign nationals in the street. They were protesting the slaying of two stu dents killed in a demonstration for Arab unity two weeks ago. Tanganyikan President Julius Nyererc named a commission to prepare the way for converting his nation into a "democratic one-party state." Foreign Minister Oscar Kambona said that British troops who put down an African troop mutiny Saturday would remain as long as the government wants them. Nyererc charged Monday that "a number of people" had plotted to overthrow his two- year regime when troops mutinied to demand more pay and to oust their British officers. U.S. launches Saturn 1, biggest satellite in orbit CAPE KENNEDY (UPI)—The United States fired the world's heaviest satellite into orbit around the earth with its mighty Saturn-1 rocket today in a step that put this nation ahead of the Russians in the space race. "There is no question" that the success of the Saturn-1 orbital shot "did take us ahead of the Russians in the ability to carry a payload into orbit," said Dr. Robert Seamans, associate administrator of the federal space agency. A nationwide television audience watched today as the 16- story Saturn-1 thundered aloft at 8:25 a.m. PST in another space-straddling step by United States. pounds today, but it should be [to space, flashing back to earth "The Soviet Union has orbit-jstage. pointed out that our effective payload with the Saturn-1 is 19,000-20,000 pounds. This is still a clear advantage over the So viet Union," he added. In Washington, President Johnson hailed the historic shot as a "giant step forward." Today was the first time American scientists have claimed the lead in the space race. Dr. Wehrncr von Braum, father of the Saturn, said current estimates place Soviet booster power at between 700.000 and 900.000 pounds of thrust com- thci pared with 1.5 million pounds of thrust of the Saturn-1 booster ed up to 15.000 pounds with a single shot," said Seamans. Television viewers clearly saw- clouds and the Florida penin- "We have put up 38,000Jsula as the Saturn-1 soared in- the pictures from a television camera aboard the 164-foot 562- ton rocket. Scientists estimate the lifetime of the Saturn satellite at between one month and one year. One of the spectacular sights of the space age came when the separation of the first and second stages of the giant Saturn-1 took place. Ground viewers could see it perfectly. After a fiery flight of 10 minutes, 32 seconds the 84-foot second stage—a "flying junkpile" composed of the burned out rocket casing and sand ballast- sped into orbit at 16,650 miles per hour. Thousands of watching and waiting spectators, missilemen and scientists let out a roar when the terse announcement Rockefeller asks accounting of Viet Nam trouble LOS ANGELES (UPI)— New- York Gov. Nelson Rockefeller, carrying his presidential campaign to populous Southern California, today called upon the administration for a "full accounting" of the situation in Viet Nam and Southeast Asia. Rockefeller issued a statement at a news conference saying he and other Americans were "deeply troubled" by statements of Defense Secretary Robert McNamara. He said McNamara revealed .would two days ago a serious deterio- ] measures Public Health Service to fight smoking habit "The intruder did not react, M • , he strongest possi . to the conventional signals de- L, , t|]e .. hool . manding it to land and con- J f an ^ us l^Jffi^. ,, £ 1 l!S !i«»^ °- East G - cratic Republic (East Germany). "It also did not react to the warning fire opened in the area Weather Redlands Weather Today Highest 69, Lowest 38 One Year Ago Highest 61, Lowest 42 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 6:48 a.m. —5:18 p.m. Light smog, no burning. San Bernardino Valley: Mostly sunny Thursday. Little tern perature change. Low tonight 32-38. U.S. Weather Bureau Noon Forecast Tonight there will be low clouds and localized fog from the coast inland over coastal valleys. It will dissipate back to the coast by late Thursday morning. Otherwise over Southern California it will be generally clear tonight and sunny Thursday. There will be little change in temperatures. Temperatures and precipitation for the 24-hour period ended at 4 a.m.: High Low Preeip. .73 .03 many Tuesday. The No. 2 official of the Soviet Embassy, Minister Georgi M. Kornienko, was summoned to a meeting at the State Department to receive the protest from William Tyler, assistant secretary of state for Europe. State Department press offi ccr Richard I. Phillips said "this plane which was on a training flight over West Germany was obviously lost and afforded no threat of any sort to the Soviets." "We are also calling for the fullest cooperation from Soviet military authorities in recover ing the bodies of these three unfortunate airmen and in obtain ing full information about the incident," Phillips said. Boston 37 13 Chicago 26 21 Cincinnati 27 12 Denver 61 21 Fairbanks 0 -12 Fort Worth 60 43 Helena 37 9 Honolulu 82 71 Kansas City 38 33 Las Vegas 62 34 Los Angeles 67 55 Minneapolis 22 15 New York 34 18 Oklahoma City 56 36 Palm Springs 75 39 Reno 50 26 Sacramento 50 44 Salt Lake City 35 14 San Francisco 52 47 Seattle 47 — Washington 44 22 .06 San Bernardino pilot on missing plane Lt. Col. Gerald K. Hannaford, 41. one of three Air Force officers lost in the crash of a T-39 jet trainer over Communist East Germany, was formerly assigned as a safety office at Norton Air Force base from 1956 to 1959, it was reported today. He and his wife, Jean, resided in San Bernardino during those years and were both active in church and youth programs, particularly the Girl Scouts and the Optimist club. They have one daughter, Kathy, now 14. Driver fourth victim TRONA (UPI) —Salvatore J. Bursey, 39, vice principal of the Boron High School, died today from injuries suffered Saturday in a car - t r a i n crash which claimed the lives of his wife and two 15-year-old cheerleaders. could have penetrated 100 miles into East Germany in the II minutes it was tracked after crossing the border. The Air Force said the training flight plan called for the jet to keep about 50 miles away from the East German border. It was authorized to fly only in West Germany, not on the air corridors to Berlin which are used by other U.S. planes to cross Communist territory. Moss Hart and George S. Kaufman play opens tonight one of the featured actors, Ted Tin- ling, will play his part with that certain feeling. Ever since he landed a part in the play his home was burglarized, he lost his first week's salary to a subway pickpocket, his pet dog disappeared and his infant daughter received severe burns. The name of the play: "Once In a Life Time." Missionary tells of attack by terrorists LEOPOLDVILLE. The Congo (UPI) — "Irene was hit right in the face by an arrow. She fell on top of me, and they left us both for dead." With these words, Miss Ruth Hege, an American missionary in The Congo, told today how- years of tending her jungle mission in Kwilu Province ended in an attack by the half-naked, Communist - trained terrorists roaming the province. Miss Hege, 48, Wellington, Ohio, and Miss Irene Ferrel, 42. Jerome Idaho, both members of Baptist Mid-Missions, ran the mission station at Mangun- gu. They were there last Saturday morning when the terrorists attacked before dawn. "Irene was hit right in the face by an arrow, over the nose, when we opened the door to the terrorists at two o'clock in the morning," she said. "I was hit in the arm by an arrow. Left For Dead "Irene was killed instantly. I was struck down first and she fell on top of me, and they left us both for dead. "The terrorists smashed up our home completely. I just lay there, not daring to move. 'Somehow, I managed to crawl to the garage after they had left me, and there friendly Christian villagers found me and brought me to the village to hide me from the Mulelist terrorists who were looking for me." The terrorists are called "Mulelists," or "Jeunisse," aft er their leader, former Congo Education Minister Pierre Mul- ele, who was trained by the Communist Chinese. The terrorists have sworn to kill all missionaries—but Miss Ferrel is the first white woman known to have been killed by them. "I was carried on a bicycle to safety," Miss Hege went on. "But on the way there, we were intercepted by another gang of terrorists and taken back to the mission — where Irene still lay dead. Rescued By Helicopter "They left me there along with a Congolese nurse until yesterday, when a U.N. helicopter came in and got me out." Miss Hege arrived in Leopoldville on the helicopter Tuesday night and met a friend, Miss Susie Bracks, a Canadian missionary who thought Miss Hege was dead. Miss Bracks brought with her proof of the terror of the two women at Mangungu during the hours of attack. She said she was at another mission when a runner came to her with a message — a frantically scribbled note from Miss Hege. The note read: "My co-worker slipped away to higher planes. My heart is near breaking. The Jeunisse left us as dead, but I am alive. But God"—and these lines were heavy underlined—"God, come and help us." ration of the South Vict Nam situation and then issued an "apparently contradictory statement Tuesday that there had been a noticeable improvement. "The problem is one that not only affects Viet Nam but involves all southeast Asia," the GOP presidential hopeful said. He asked specifically that the administration outline the actual facts on the war in South Viet Nam, delineate what American military commitment is neces sary, and say whether the United States still intends to with draw its military forces by the end of next year. Meanwhile, Rockefeller has made it plain that he considers California a crucial state. He planned a round of visits with representatives of the alumni association of a number of Negro colleges, a news conference and a private lunch with business leaders. The Republican presidential hopeful indicated twice in ap pearance in Northern California Tuesday how important he considered California's June primary election. "In my opinion," he told a crowd estimated at 300 when he opened his San Francisco cam paign headquarters, "the Re publican voters in California's primary are going to play the leading part in the character of the leadership of the Republican party." WASHINGTON (UPI) — Sur geon General Luther L. Terry announced today that the Public Health Service (PHS) would launch an education cam paign to publicize "the health hazards" of smoking and to discourage youngsters from the habit. He said the campaign would focus on young people "attempting to motivate them not to take up the smoking habit." The surgeon general told a House tobacco subcommittee hearing that the program also gest to the public intended to reduce the health hazards to cigarette smokers who continue to smoke. He suggested this might include emphasis on smoking less,! inhaling less or switching from cigarettes to pipes or cigars. He also indicated the PHS was interested in discovering "more effective methods to help the smoker break the habit." Terry said the education campaign would be coupled with a research program intended to look into the health dangers attributed to tobacco by the recent government report. He said the research phase would include studies aimed at discovering more about "the relationship of smoking to certain diseases as well as to over-all mortality." The committee "was unable to reach a firm conclusion as to the role smoking plays in (Continued on Page 5) Eisenhower feels missiles just as good as any DETROIT (UPI) — Former Rusk pledges to support South Korea SEOUL, Korea (UPI)—Secretary of State Dean Rusk flew home from the Far East today after pledging renewed support to South Korea in six hours of conferences with its leaders. Rusk, accompanied by Secretary of Labor Willard Wirtz, Secretary of commerce Luther Hodges, and ranking economic aides, left for Washington via Anchorage, Alaska. They flew here from Tokyo, where they held two days of trade and economic talks. The secretary of state told Koreans they will find "a stalwart friend" in President Johnson, as they had in Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy. "We shall continue to stand guard on your side in Korea," he said. "The American people are proud to have the people of Korea as allies." There are 50,000 U.S. soldiers guarding the truce line dividing South Korea from the Communist North. They serve alongside South Koreans. Rusk said France's recognition of Communist China, which backed North Korea in the war against South Korea, would have no affect on U.S. relations with Park's government. President Dwight D. Eisenhower today challenged Sen. Barry Goldwater's statement that American missiles are not as reliable as we are led to believe. Eisenhower, here to speak at a Republican $100 - a-plate dinner, said he could not support Goldwater's "belief that they are not dependable." j The former general made the statement in answer to a ques tion. Goldwater has been at odds with the Johnson administration and Defense Secretary Robert McNamara over the val ue of the missile. He has made it a campaign issue, contending that we are putting to much re liance on an unproved weapon "I am confident we have just as good missiles as there are in the world," Eisenhower said Eisenhower said he had no personal choice for the GOP presidential nomination and would not oppose actively any of the present candidates. "These many candid a t e s have shades of differences to my views, but none is so far apart that I would actively oppose him," he said. Asked about a magazine article quoting him as saying the race had boiled down to a two man contest between Pennsylvania Gov. William Scranton and former Vice President Richard M. Nixon, Eisenhower said, "If I said that, I can't recall it, 'Nixon was still talking very negatively when I last spoke to him. Eisenhower was scheduled to lunch today with some of the Michigan men he appointed to federal posts during his eight years in the White House, including former Postmaster General Arthur Summerfield and former Army Secretary Wilbur M. Bracker. After addressing his guests at Cobo Hall, Eisenhower will wind up a round of closed circuit television talks by top Republicans appearing at fundraising dinners across the nation. The TV circuit will join 22 cities. The top event, however, was a SlOO-a-plate GOP fund-raising dinner scheduled for 7:30 p.m. at Cobo Hall in Detroit. GOP leaders here said more than 3,000 party faithful had bought tickets for the affair. There was speculation that Eisenhower would use the occasion to urge Romney, a dark- horse for the Republican presidential nomination, to throw his jhat in the ring. But Romney, who has stated he is not a candidate for the nomination but would be available for a draft, said Tuesday night there was "absolutely no discussion" of Romney's possible candidacy. Eisenhower has urged at least two other prominent republicans —Gov. William W. Scranton of Pennsylvania and South Viet Nam Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge — to declare their candi dacies. Leaders meet to end race problem in Atlanta ATLANTA (UPI) — White and Negro leaders meet today in an effort to solve a racial dispute that has resulted in picketing, mass arrests and scattered incidents of violence during the past four days. Tuesday, chanting Negro and white civil rights demonstrators marched on city hall, made an unsuccessful attempt to be served at four segregated res-|f ne taurants and then marched to the city jail to shout encourage ment to jailed demonstrators. There were four arrests Tues day night. Almost 200 persons have been arrested and jailed since the protests began Saturday. The Atlanta Restaurant Asso- ciaton, in a meeting Tuesday night, proposed that all eating establishments in the city be closed for one day if the demonstrations continue. No action was taken on the plan immediately. Blames Leadership The Atlanta NAACP chapter issued a statement Tuesday night blaming the city's racial situation on a "woeful lack of leadership on the part of both races." "We feel at any minute violence of momentous proportions can erupt," the statement said. "It seems to us that the present crisis would be minimized if the problems had been approached objectively by leaders of both races instead of reverting by default to the Ku Mux Klan and a militant group of young people whose main interest is 'freedom now' and whose main asset is street demonstrations." Tuesday's demonstrations began with a march of about 75 Negroes and a few whites on city halL was made that the orbit had been achieved. President Johnson watched the launching on television in his office in Washington. He kept his eyes glued on the set as the rocket rose with agonizing slowness, then picked up speed as it headed toward success. Two miles from the Saturn launch pad the federal space agency scientists resumed their work for the second half of a space doubleheader—the scheduled launch Wednesday of a Ranger satellite probe to try to take close-up pictures of the moon. It was a double-barreled success — the fifth in a row for the Saturn-1 and the orbiting of a 37.700 pound satellite that far outstripped anything the Soviet Union has put up. as far as weight is concerned. The heaviest Soviet moonlct has been estimated at about 15,000 pounds. Thousands Cheer The federal space agency said, "It can be considered that the upper stage and payload is in orbit" — an announcement that sent cheers echoing through the Saturn blockhouse and around the cape among thousands of spectators who had gathered to watch. The exact altitude of the orbit could not be determined immediately. But plans had called for the satellite to swing around earth from 160 miles to about 400 miles up. Scientists also said that, under good viewing conditions, the second stage could probably be seen as a bright star in the sky as it circled the globe. However, the second stage was not expected to remain in orbit for more than a few days. An attempt to launch the Saturn-1 Monday forced a two-day delay when someone forgot to pull a plug in an oxygen line. Today, a launch delay of one hour and 13 minutes was required because of radio interference in the Cape Kennedy area. Scientists feared it might interfere with radio commands to the rocket, particularly the mechanism to destroy the rocket if it veered off course. "Everything looks normal," the federal space agency said in the first seconds of the flight Pictures from the television camera aboard the rocket flashed back pictures of the Florida peninsula. They showed the clouds below in brilliant relief. Separation Smooth The second stage separated smoothly (rom the massive booster, ignited about 48 miles above earth and sent the satellite winging on its way. Television viewers could clearly see separation. It was a spectacular departure. The rocket rose with agonizing slowness. Ten seconds crept by before it had cleared the top of its 30-story service tower. As the mighty roar swept across the beaches, the Saturn-1 accelerated into the blue sky. Fifteen seconds after liftoff the rocket began a slow graceful tilt. The awesome flight of what late President Kennedy billed as the world's largest and mightiest rocket seemed near perfect. Pouring out an exhaust trail as long as a football field, it tore through the region of maximum dynamic pressure, when the forces exerted on the fast-moving rocket were at their greatest. Five miles, 10 miles, 15 miles —and still the Saturn-1 flew unerringly. Five minutes after liftoff, the space agency said, "Everything is normal." The second stage engines were to burn nearly eight minutes to put the stage into orbit. Bandits pull big booboo LONDON (UPI) — A North London bank would like to have more "customers" like the two who showed up Tuesday. After two bandits snatched a handful of five-pound ($14) bank notes, the bank discovered it was 15 pounds ($42) richer. The bandits had put 50 1-pound ($2.80) notes on the counter to be changed into fivers. And they grabbed only seven 5-pound notes ($98)— leaving the 50 pounds ($140) behind on the counter.
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