FR 3-5050 For Herald Advertising .Sports, Editorial Circulation Society Phone: FR 3.-4G84 GENERALLY FAIR Low tonight 38-43; high 76; lowest temperature recorded in Pro?* area Friday morning 45; highest Thursday afternoon 80. Sean Days last day Saturday. Shop tonite tfll 9.—Adv. SIXTY-NINTH YEAR, NO. 245 PROVO, UTAH COUNTY, UTAH, FRIDAY. -MAY 6; 1955 PRICE FIVE CENTS UTAH GUARD CAMP SLATED JUNE 5-19 Utah National Guard announced today its 3,200 "modern minute men" will undergo two weeks of full-time training at Camp W. G. Williams June 5-19. Brig. Gen. Maxwell E. Richard, Utah adjutant general, said the coming encampment will emphasize the latest concepts of highly mobile, heavily armored ground warfare. He added that it will be the largest Utah National Guard camp ever staged. U.S. Holds Up Approval OfVaccine U. S. Surgeon-General Says Manufacture Has Not Been Halted By MICHAEL J. O'NEILL United Press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON (UP) — Dr. Leonard A. Scheele, U.S. surgeon general, said today the government has stopped approving newly manufactured Salk polio vaccine pending review of safety standards. Scheele told congressmen that does not mean that the actual manufacture of the vaccine has been halted. Scheele testified that the government has not approved any new vaccine production for the past several days. He said approval has been "brought to a standstill until we can evaluate standards and safety." An advisory group which is investigating the vaccines produced by the various drug manufacturers is evaluating safety standards now. Scheele said it may decide to have the government test all vaccine instead of relying on the manufacturers' tests. Safety Procedures Scheele expressed his confidence in the Salk vaccine program as a whole. He said he believed the expert group would advise that the program should go on, perhaps with some new safety procedures. The advisory group, which is meeting at the National Institutes of Health, may be able to make its report to Scheele tonight. So far as was known, shipments of vaccine already approved have not been stopped. The National Polio Foundation only yesterday ordered manufacturers to complete shipments to several states for its program of inoculating first and second grade school children. The foundation said it still expects to have the first two Salk shots administered to the school children before summer vacations begin in most places. • A foundation official said some schools may close before the second shot is administered. But arrangements are being made with state health authorities to hold clinics open for administering shots after the schools close. Says Vaccine Useful Called to testify before Hie House Banking Committee on a mounting number of' bills to impose federal controls on distribution of the vaccine, Scheele termed the Salk vaccination program "very useful" and said it should go on. In stating there have been 44 cases officially confirmed of persons contracting polio after being vaccinated, Scheele pointed out that from four to six million persons had been inoculated "up to now." Scheele told the House Banking Committee there was not necessarily any "cause and effect" in the 44 cases where polio developed. Scheele said that top scientists are meeting at nearby Bethesda, Md., today to study development in the polio program and "I feel confident they probably will announce the program should go on." Receives Scroll, Pin Mrs. Fugal Honored In New York NEW YORK, (UP)- The presi dent of the United States Junior Chamber of -Commerce put the blame for juvenile delinquency on parents in a speech today at the annual awards lunch of the Ameri can Mothers Committee. The life of Mrs. Lavina Fugal 75-year-old Utah grandmother hon ored at the lunch as the American mother of 1955, ""is a book that any mother would do well to read," E LaMar Buckner told the audienc< which included 40 state mothers o 1955 and Mrs. Fugal's eight chil dren. "The role of the mother in this modern age has not changed,' Buckner said. "It has only become more challenging." He called mothers "co - creators with God.. .holders of a sacrec trusteeship of our greatest asset— our children and the promise fo: omorrow." "If atomic scientists betray our secrets," Buckner said, "we call i treason. If bankers misappropriate our funds, we call it embezzlement f elected government officials betray our trust, we call it malfea sance—but if parents betray their trust in teaching fundamentals to children, we call it juvenile delin quency. Buckner, who is from Ogden al 'hough he currently lives in Tulsa Okla., while serving as presiden of the Junior Chamber of Com merce, warmly praised Mrs. Fu gal's service to her family and tt ler community. She was presented with a scrol and a diamond-studded mother' pin at the lunch at tiie Waldorf Astoria hotel, climaxing four day of entertainment since she arrivec icre from Pleasant Grove, Utah Mrs. Fugal helped raise her chil dren by obtaining a teacher's cer ificate in a correspondence course Three sons and two daughters havi served as LDS missionaries. Thre of her 34 grandchildren were a the award lunch. Buckner described the challenge to mothers today as "teaching chil dren to do more than see, to ob serve; to do more than read, t( absorb; to do more than hear, t< listen; to do more than think, tc ponder; to do more than exist, give service — and to do more than earn a living, to build a life." Utah May Go Ahead With Vaccinations By UNITED PRESS Health officials said today Utah probably would go ahead with anti- polio vaccinations of children despite the fact the government has stopped approving newly - made Salk serum pending review of safety standards. Dr. George A. Spendlove, director of the Utah Health Departments said "with what we know now, we will' still go ahead with the mass inoculation program on May 16.' Dr. Charles Ruggeri Jr., president of the Utah Medical Society emphasized that the May 16 start of the program still hinged on the outcome of tests of the vaccine being conducted by Dr. Louis P. Gebhardt at the University of Utah Dr. Gebhardt said the tests are expected to be completed "possibly Saturday or Sunday." Spendlove said he thought the government's action was "a goot move to take the matter in hanc and make sure we do not have a recurrence of things which have happened in other areas." At the same time, he expressed confidence in the Parke-Davis vaccine and pointed out mat 12,000 Utah children have received M without any bad effects. Dr. Richard J. Nelson, Salt Lake City physician, said the govern ment's action was "very much in accordance with the feelings of the city health department." "We feel the program should not go ahead until we are sure the vaccine is safe," Nelson said. Airman Dies In Utah Crash TOOELE (UP)— A Colorado air man going home on leave becam Utah's 49th traffic fatality of 195 yesterday when his car smashec ieadon into a truck and semi trailer about 40 miles east of Wen dover on U.S. highway 40-50. Tooele county Sheriff Fay Gilett identified the victim as Airman Filbert Guana, 34, of Denver. Guana was eastbound. Driver o the truck, William Robert Hayes 32, Des Mines, Iowa, said the Air Force man's car crossed the divic ing line and crashed into his truck Ee said Guana apparently ha fallen asleep at the wheel. Haye was unhurt. On May 6, 1954, Utah's traffi death toll stood at 52. Emperor via y Return To Saigon Sao Dai Summons Pilot To France; Diem Urged To Retain the Emperor By LOUIS GUILBERT United Press Staff Correspondent SAIGON, Indochina (UP)—Emperor Bao Dai summoned his personal pilot to France, it was disclosed today, and reports immediately swept Saigon he was pre >aring to return to South Vie! Nam for the first tune in two years. Bao Dai, in an exchange of mes sages with Premier Ngo Dinh Di em earlier in the week, expressed a desire to return here from the French Riviera in an effort to save lis threatened throne. The emperor's own pilot re eeived an urgent summons in Oalat, Bap Dai's palace north o Saigon, to hurry to Cannes when the playboy-monarch has been liv ing since April 1953. The pilo managed to get the last availabl seat aboard a French plane which took off for France Thursday night. Reports that Bao Dai was abou to end his long self-imposed exil was taken here as an indication the American-backed premier hai no intention to sever all ties with Bao Dai despite pressure from a "revolutionary committee" to pro claim a republic. (Bao Dai travelled from Cannei to Paris today to discuss the fu ture of Viet Nam with French ol ficials and perhaps the Big Thre foreign ministers who are meetin; in Paris Saturday.) Reports in Saigon said the West ern powers still were bringing pressure on Diem to retain Ba Dai as emperor and to hold plans to proclaim South Viet Nam a republic. Diem, after forcing an extremis national revolutionary committe to give him a free hand in shapin, a pew government, appeared t have control of the turbulent po litical situation in strife-torn fre South Viet Nam. Reliable sources said Gen. J Lawton Collins, President Eisen bower's special envoy in Indo china, had put strong pressure o: A-Blast Would Have Killed Survival Town' Residents Diem. Fall-Out Not Dangerous, Says Expert By UNITED PRESS Small amounts of radioactivi fallout from the latest atomic bias in Nevada were measured by Uni versity of Utah scientists today C. N. Stover, contact man fo the Atomic Energy Commission a the university, said the fallout be gan over Salt Lake City and sur rounding areas about 2:30 a.m. H said the measurements indicate a value of about .10 to .15 milli-roen tgens of radioactivity an hour o: a probable total dose of about fivi mill-roentgens if it were recivec instantaneously. However, Stover said there i nothing to worry about. The total dose, he said, would be only abou one-tenth of that received during a chest X-ray. The radioactivity started to "de cay" immediately and the area wil probably be back to its usua "background" radiation within a day or two. Stover said although he hadn' been informed of any other mea surements it was probable the fall out was general over 'a wider are than just Salt Lake City. He said both the high and low portions of yesterday's radioactiv cloud moved across the norther corner of Utah before dispersing eastward. BOMB EFFECTS—This is how the two-s^ory brick home of ing the picture of the house as it appeared before the blast are, "Paul Darling" looked before and after the atomic blast of i e ft to right, Margaret Aird of St. Louis and Mrs. Charles "/'Yrwit*o •$-•!«« fSm ** TV/T •» f»»in MI t !»•»<• lnni4-.As4 inoi *1*» 4-V»A linn PA in/4i «»*)+Ar4 Operation Cue." Mannequins located inside the house indicated that the entire Darling family was killed by the explosion. Hold- Eckel of Denver. (UP Telephoto). THE SECRET SICKNESS' Shower Room Death Accents Need for More Personnel, Facilities at State Hospital SINGLE DAM APPROVED BY ENGINEER WASHINGTON, (UP)—A Federal Power Commission examiner recommended today that a license be granted to the Idaho Power Co. for one of three dams it seeks to build in Hells Canyon. Examiner William *X. Costello proposed that only Brownlee dam be constructed immediately, leaving the company to seek later construction of low Hells Canyon and Ox Bow dams. The single dam, however, would prevent government construction of a proposed high dam in the Hells Canyon reach -of the Snake river. Baseball Today By UNITED PRESS American League New York Boton 120 010 0 000000 0 Turley and Berra; Sullivan, Kemmerer (5) Susce (8) and White. Home run: Mantle, New York. Kansas City at Cleveland, night. Baltimore at Washington, night. Detroit at Chicago, night. National League Pittsburgh at New York, night. Brooklyn at Philadelphia, night. Chicago at Cincinnati, night. Milwaukee at St. Louis, night. State Engineer Rejects Salt Lake City's 28-Year-Old Claim to Water In Weber River By KEITH WALLENTINE SALT LAKE CITY, (UP)—A 28- year-old claim by Salt Lake City to water from the Weber river, which opponents claimed would imperil the multi-million dollar Weber Basin Project, was rejected by the state engineer today. Joseph M. Tracy, -state engineer, said the Salt Lake City claims were rejected because they "would interfere with a more beneficial use of the water, and would prove. i owe d. The long drawn-out water rights case began in March, 1927, when Salt Lake City made two filings for Weber river water to be diverted at the mouth of the river. One filing was for 300-second feet, the other for 65-second feet. At a public hearing here in February, Francis M. Warnick, engineer for the Bureau of Reclamation said the Salt Lake City claims would definitely interfere with the huge Weber Basin Project if al- detrimental to the public welfare; that the approval.. .would impair existing rights..." E. R. Ohristensen, attorney for Salt Lake City, said, the decision will be submitted to me board of commissioners. They will decide, he said, whether an appeal from the ruling will be made in District Court. The original claims were rejected on Jan. 31, 1928, by then-state engineer George M. Bacon on grounds that the waters of Weber river had been withdrawn from filing on Aug. 25, 1924, with the approval of former Gov. Charles W. Mabey. Held in Error Salt Lake City appealed to Dis- trict Court at Ogden. the state engineer's rejection was held in error in a minute entry made by District Judge Lester A. Wade on March 3, 1938. No formal judgment was made at that time. On Jan. 17, 1955, second District Judge Parley E. Norseth remanded the case back to the state engineer for further proceedings. A public hearing was held Feb. 21, 1955. At that time 42 new protests were filed to the Salt Lake City claims, in addition to 55 filed in 1928. Salt Lake City had proposed to convey water from the river by a canal and pipe line for general and domestic,,purposes in Salt Lake City and vicinity. At the February hearing, Christensen claimed that several filings junior to those of Salt Lake City were later approved. Ike Summons Top Advisers For Session WASHINGTON (UP)—President Eisenhower called his top diplomatic and defense advisers to the White House today for a conference on European and Asian problems. The meeting came only a few hours before one of the advisers, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, was to depart for Paris on a major diplomatic mission. In Paris, Dulles will confer with other Western Allies o'n Big Four talks with Russia, efforts to arrange a ceasefire in the Formosa Straits and the Indochina situation. He also will participate in ceremonies- admitting West Germany to .the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Besides Dulles, the President summoned Defense Secretary Charles E. Wilson, Undersecretary of State Herbert Hoover Jr. and Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to the White House. Officials, meanwhile, said Dulles may go on to Vienna from Paris next week to join talks with the Russians, British, French and Austrians on an Austrian treaty. Diplomats described the current s^a- tus of the treaty talks as "encouraging." Dulles' mission to Paris may turn out to be one of the most profitable any U.S. secretary of state has made to Europe since the end of World War n, particularly if he signs an Austrian treaty. Three Killed At Navy Base FALLON, Nev. (UP)—A young Navy airman today was unable to explain exactly how he escaped from a spinning twin-engine target tow plane which crashed yesterday on the Black Rock Desert gunnery range killing three enlisted men. Stanley Dobeck, 19, Woonsocket, R. I., prachuted to safety, suffering only a facial laceration. The Navy JD1, similar to an Air Force B26, was towing a target banner for gunnery practice for four Banshee jets when it plowed into the desolate desert country about 70 miles northwest of Winnemucca. A chief petty officer piloted the craft which the Navy said definitely was not hit by the jets. Dobeck and the three victims all were stationed at Brown Auxiliary Air Station near San Diego. ' FORENOTE: Utah, an enlightened state in a nation which prides itself on concern for humanity, is likely no worse than many sister states in its lack of psychiatric staff and facilities sufficient to treat its mentally ill. Nevertheless, the state's facilities for treatment of the nation's No. 1 public health problem, lag far behind the bare minimnms recommended by national authorities. This concerns you because mental illness now strikes one American in 10. It also concerns yon as a taxpayer. Even if humanitarian considerations are forgotten, failure to provide out-patient clinics and an adequate treatment hospital to halt mental illness in early stages results in an ever-increasing backlog of lifetime custody patients. This is the first of • series of articles to be published by The Daily Herald on problems and progress at Utah State Hospital. By JOAN GEYER Sometimes, when crippled Mary (not her real name) crouched on the warm floor of the ward, head drooping, knees drawn up; her arms shutting out the presence of others, she felt almost as safe as a baby. Then she forgot—and did it again. It irked the attendant, who had more than she could do, tending 60 patients, many too ill to dress themselves, go to the toilet, or eat without spoon feeding. Tonight was worse than usual because of the Christmas party. Visitors were due any minute. They might be critical if the ward was not immaculate. Hastily, the attendant helped crippled Mary into the shower room; stripped off her clothing, and hurried out, locking the door behind her. Minutes passed. She did not return. One of the most repugnant tasks of mental attendants is cleaning up patients who have regressed in their toilet habits. 'Why can't you remember like other people!" Mary was often admonished. But Mary had never been like others. Perhaps, she craved even the small attention of bathing and changing by an irritated attendant. Never Knew Privacy Mary was born with a congenital defect; she could not stand erect. When she was 16, an age at which most girls are chattering of dates; and making shy, wonderful plans for the future, Mary was locked into State Hospital. For 30 years, she never knew the meaning of privacy except in phantasy. She slept in a ward intended for 25, so crowded that cots elbowed cots even in alcoves intended as sitting room. Mary shared this cluttered space with 60 fellow patients, who, when their, sickness hit them, shouted, wept, quarreled, or sat in waking stupor, huddled like ancient babies. Mary had little incentive to "remember." When she peered out from a warm dream into chill reality, she had to remember she was an aging cripple in a mental hospital; that her youth (Continued on Page Four). CIO In Cedar City Merger Of Labor Unions Held Certain CEDAR CITY, Utah (UP)— Th Utah Industrial Council was tolc today that organized labor i strengthening itself through th merger of the AF of L and CIO and by cleaning its own house. Williams J. Smith of Washington D.C., assistant to the CIO's execu tive vice president, spoke durin the council's annual convention In Cedar City. "Organized labor is now big busi ness," Smith said. He added tha the CIO was interested in enforcement machinery to discipline labo organizations harboring gangster or Communists. The CIO official said "there's n question that the CIO - AF of L merger will be ratified." He sai the proposed constitution of th merged groups contains provisions to insure a thorough house clean Fatal Area Radius Of DneMile tadiation or Falling )ebris Sufficient To •lave Killed Everybody By MURRAY M. MOLER .. United Press Staff Correspondent SURVIVAL CITY, Nev. (UP)— Harold Goodwin, atomic test chief of the Civil Defense Administration, said today that falling debris and radiation would have killed all residents of Survival Town within one mile of yesterday's wwerful atomic explosion. Goodwin made the statement luring a survival town tour by newsmen and Civil Defense offi- ials today, after conferring with fficial damage survey teams which have been appraising since yesterday the havoc wrought by he detonation of a nuclear device talf again as powerful as the A- K>mbs that shattered Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He said all residents of Main >treet would have received a ethal dose of radiation. Even without that lingering death, everyone within one mile of the 500-foot tower where the detona- ion took place probably would tave been killed by flying or falling debris, he said. Ruptured Ear Drums Farther out from ground zero, he primary injuries would have >een ruptured ear drums ( , he said, caused by the terrific force of the explosion which creates a virtual vacuum in- the air. Evidence was everywhere that survival was possible outside that one-mile ring for families living in the right kind of house with the right kind of shelters to duck into at the first alert of an enemy at- ack. Main Street looked like it had >een struck by a super-tornado instead of a man-made atomic device. Two of three dwellings reduced o rubble were of frame construction, the third of brick. All three were about a mile from the atomic ower that itself was vaporized by the explosion. Concrete Houses "Survive" The seven damaged houses that could be quickly repaired were of concrete or reinforced block design. Two were only 4,700 feet from ground zero. The explosion Thursday of a nuclear device more than half again as potent as the 1954 bomb that annihilated Hiroshima rocked and echoed over the Yucca Flat desert and was seen in six Western states. But none of the 2,000 civilian and military observers—some as close as 3,100 yards to the tower base—was injured. Official survey teams re-entered the shattered community late Thursday after dust kicked up by the explosion had settled. There was no lingering radiation and scientists said the atomic cloud that was blown north toward central Canada was harmless. Observers were taken into Survival Town this morning for a firsthand look at the damage. Federal Civil Defense Administration experts continued compilation of data that months from now will be published as recommendations for improving city defenses. Store Dummies "Killed" It was obvious that department mg. Smith said the CIO is backin the Echo Park project becaus "there is need for governmen operated utilities and cheap pow er." "There seems to be a trend present government to give privat companies a chance to grab som of the large power producing pro, ects," he said. "When private com panies have control of the power the price is so high that it price working people out of low cos housing." Yesterday, Fred C. Pieper o Denver, regional CIO director, told the convention that "labor is no going to be the slave of any politi cal party." He also supportec changes hi the state CIO organiza tion establishing offices of pres dent, vice president and execntiv secretary instead of a presides secretary. store dummies who "lived" in the destroyed homes would have been killed or maimed by the blast unless they were in reinforced shelters. Feedstocks that lined shelves of the homes were yet to be examined to determine whether they were safe for consumption. Homes were blackened but none caught fire.. The shock wave following the heat wave apparently blew out flames caused by the blast-furnace heat of the explosion. Other test items left to the mercy of the fissioning atoms cam* through with varying results. The 1955 atomic test series, which opened in late February, will be closed this weekend, weather permitting, with detonation of an atomic "thing" atop a tower six miles east of Survival Town. The blast will be equivalent in power to Thursday's. There had been a chance that observers re-entering the area today could see the last explosion. No. 14 of the series, 'but it was postponed "for technical reasons" until "possibly this weekend." Three of the five houses in the downtown area of the replica American community were smashed to rubble by the blast wave (Continued on Pas* F<MT>.
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