Pag* 16 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA JANUARY 24, 1964 Justice reaches back into past What may possibly be the last mass war crimes trials is taking place in Frankfurt, Germany. Time, which heals even such terrible scars on the soul of humanity as Buch- emvald, Belsen, Auschwitz and others, is taking its toll of surviving Nazis and surviving victims alike. The 22 men on trial in Frankfurt are former staff members of the infamous Auschwitz concentration camp set up in occupied Poland, where two to four million Jews, Poles and war prisoners were exterminated. Most of the accused are between 40 and 60. One caged beast, Richard Baer, last commandant of Auschwitz, died of a heart attack last year. Full justice can never be done to the victims of the Nazis, even if every last person who had a part in this crime of genocide were brought to trial. But it gives much hope for the future that since 1945 the vast majority of such trials have been initiated by the Germans themselves, even after the rest of the world lost interest. Under occupation law, German courts were limited to cases involving crimes committed by Germans against other Germans. Nor were they permitted to reopen cases previously investigated by the Allies. Nevertheless, on the basis of this law, 1,814 persons were convicted by German courts in the U.S.-occupied zone; 450 of these were sentenced to death. In the British zone, 1,085 were sentenced, 240 to death. In the French zone, 2,017 were sentenced, 104 to death. (The number of war criminals convicted by Soviet courts is estimated at 10,000 or more.) Between May 1945 and December 1962, the West Germans initiated investigations against more than 30,000 persons. Of these, 12,S46 were arraigned. Convictions totaled 5,426, acquittals 4,027. (The Federal German Republic, established in 1955, has no death penalty.) Ninety per cent of all war crimes convictions were made by 1954. But despite the scattering of witnesses and evidence and disappearance or death of suspects, diligent effort by the Bonn government has enabled 590 persons accused by major crimes to be brought to trial since 1958. West is west Today the New York Times published the last issue of its Western Edition. The first premise upon which the Manhattan-centered daily established its Pacific edition was that this region is in a state of semi news starvation, the diet offered by the newspapers here being insufficient. It is true that no other paper provides such in-depth coverage of foreign news, nor does any other daily publish an index to the news — a valuable research tool. But readers who want such detailed reports are a small proportion of total newspaper readers and the Times had to search far and wide to find the 85,000 who were interested. Among these, many were displaced New Yorkers, rather than true Westerners. The second premise was that with goodly circulation, advertising support would be gained for the Western Edition. This expectation failed and the heavy costs of publishing a newspaper in two places simultaneously could not be supported. In our opinion, this is just as well. The communications business is already too centralized, especially in the television and radio networks and in the magazine publishing field. It is in newspapers that local and regional diversities of America are expressed. A trend toward national newspapers, such as England has, would have been indicated by success of the New York Times experiment Fortunately the day has not arrived when New York is America — an erroneous impression entertained by many New Yorkers, quite a few of whom have never been west of Buffalo. With a Grain Of Salt By Frank and Bill Moore ". . . It is common knowledge in the publishing industry that 'Life' is currently negotiating with Mr. Slade for the exclusive story of the ninety- one thousand San Bernardino survivors — the entire population of San Bernardino, California, which was recently struck by an earth tremor that injured no one, but inflicted considerable property damage." This sentence hit you with the surprise of lightning from a blue sky if you read it in the January 5 issue of The New Yorker magazine. You know that it is fictional, that San Bernardino was a random selection by Calvin Trillin, the author, and that it had no other connection with the content of the satirical article. Trillin wasn't writing about San Bernardino at all. Rather he was ridiculing the practice of permitting the U. S. Astronauts to commercialize their experiences for private gain. More specifically, his bullseye was the system that allows personal experience to become an exclusive property which can be sold to the highest bidder — in this case. Life. The thrust of Calvin's satire is that if Life can tic up the story of the astronauts, then there can also be a market in the stories of deposed dictators, American traitors, gricf-slrickcn parents, and the entire population of San Bernardino. His title summarizes h i s theme quite well: "For Spacious Skies and Ample Waves of Green." Since the space age reached Redlands, the community has known many a scientist who came to work at the local rocket company and later left to work for a competitor. This situation must also be well known in Space Technology, and will be in the local operation of Aerospace when it becomes older. Reading of these transfers you have wondered, no doublt, about the ethical and legal question involved. Doesn't the management of Lockheed have qualms that a former employe will divulge its trade secrets to United Technology. Aerojet, or whatever company he joins? On the other hand, should a Lockheed employee feel that his knowledge of what goes on in the company laboratories prevents him from taking a job with another solid fuel rocket company at a higher salary? Washington Window Johnson strives to hold the Negro vote BREAKING H0M£TI£5 ,4N0 A FEW (MCfDENTALS Teletips TELEVISION The Newsreel The administration has declared war on poverty, although many a family has discovered that, somehow or other, they can coexist with it. If they give up smoking, what excuse are the young man and the pretty girl in the commercials going to give for slipping •away from everybody and wading around in the creek? After having had the wonderful talking doll for a month now, the little girl down the street reports that its conversation is clever but shallow. A Hollywood lady wants to divorce her husband on the grounds that he offered to throw her off a 2-story building. In better established marriages, anything below four stories doesn't count. The commercials show automobiles running along beaches, through fields and perched on top of mountains. There's no room for them on the roads. Comic books and television are ruining today's young people. Our self-reliant generation, on the other hand had to ruin itself without outside help. This whole subject is cased by The New Yorker (January 11) in a lengthy article, "Annals of Business — One Free Bite." "Among the thousands of young scientists who were doing very well in the research- and-development programs of American companies in the fall of 1962 was one named Donald W. Wohlgemuth, who was working for the B. F. Goodrich Company, in Akron, Ohio." John Brooks opened. "He was the manager of Goodrich's department of space-suit engineering ... he had had a considerable part in the designing and construction of the suits worn by our Mercury astronauts on their orbital flights." Then he was lured into the employment of International Latex, "which is best known to the public as a maker of girdles and brassieres, but which Wohlgemuth knew to be also one of Goodrich's three major competitors in the space suit field." In what has become a landmark legal case, Goodrich sought a court injunction to keep Wohlcgemuth from going over to the competition. Latex lawyers defended Wohlgemuth. Summarizing the decision of the court of appeals, where the litigation ended. Brooks wrote: "Plainly put, Wohlgemuth was at last free to accept a permanent job doing space-suit work for Latex, provided only that he refrain from disclosing Goodrich secrets in the course of his work." After talking with Wohlgemuth, Brooks made this the final conclusion to his whole article: "Wohlgemuth—the new, post- trial Wohlgemuth — speaks in a noticeably slow, tense way, with long pauses for thought, as if the wrong word might bring lightning down on his head. He is a young man with a strong sense of belonging to the future, and he looks forward to making, if he can, a material contribution to putting man on the moon. "At the same time Jeter (Goodrich lawyer) may be right; he is also a man who recently spent almost s i x months in the toils of the law, and who works in the knowledge that a slip of the tongue might mean a fine, imprisonment and professional ruin." One Minute Pulpit So that you may approve what is excellent, and may be pure and blameless for the day of Christ.—Philippians 1:10. Christian charity in fact is not confined to not hating our enemies and loving them as brothers; it desires also that we do good to them.—Pope Benedict XV. TOP SHOW: — 7:30, Chan. 4. Walt Disney's documentary, "The Restless Sea", with film, animation and diagrams summing up new knowledge of the sea on this Science Scries. 7:30 — Chan. 2. Great Adventure. "Rodger Young". Dramatization traces the life of the famed World War II Medal of Honor winner who was killed in the South Pacific. James MacArthur portrays Rodger Young. 8:30 — Chan. 4. Bob Hope presents "The Seven Little Foys", big movie musical of 1955, in this TV version which is the pilot for a projected series. Eddie Foy Jr. portrays his father and Mickey Rooney again portrays George M. Cohan as he once did on a TV special. 9:00 — Chan. 11. Ten Seconds That Shook the World. Story of the development of the atomic bomb with Richard Baschart as narrator. Redlands Yesterdays FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 75, lowest 41. E. C. Pence, representing the Exchange club, elected president of the Redlands Inter-Service Club Council. Dr. James D. Gillespie elected to serve as chief of the medical staff at Rcdlands Community hospital for 1959. Halgwen Development company takes out building permits for 13 new homes on Via Vista totaling $234,000. Each permit is valued at $18,000 and each home will have 1840 square feet. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 57, lowest 47. With judging only four days away, Rcdlands Jaycees issue urgent call for more entries as only five girls apply for Redlands Orange show queen title. University of Redlands and 12 other California colleges agree on coordinated policy for scholarships and entrance honors. Season rainfall total raised to 6.48 inches by 1.66-inch storm. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 48, lowest 33. Storm brings season rainfall total to 7.36 inches compared with 1.97 inches last year. But forecast now calls for temperatures in the low 20's with orchard heating expected to be necessary after midnight. Clyde A. Putnam Sr. elected president of the Redlands Lawn Bowling club to succeed Hugh Folkins. FRIDAY NIGHT 5:00— 7—Hawaiian Eye 9—Engineer Bill 13—Thaxton's Hop 5:30— 5—Whirlybirds 11—Mickey Mouse Club 5:40— 4—Believe it or Not 5:45— 4, 13—News 6:00— 2, 7—News 5—You Asked For It 9—Maverick 11—M Squad—Police 13—Touche Turtle (C) 6:30— 4, 5, 11—News 13—Magilla Gorilla (C) 7:00— 4—Curt Massey (C) 5—Leave it to Beaver 7—Lawbreaker 9—People Arc Funny 11—.Movie 13— Ripcord 7:30— 2—Great Adventure 4—Science Series (C) 5—Addograms 7—77 Sunset Strip 9—Dobic Gillis 13—Human Jungle 8:00— 5—Lawman 9—Movie 8:30— 2—Route 66 4—Bob Hope (C) 5—Roaring 20's 7—Burke's Law 13—Mystery Hour 9:00—11—Ten Seconds That Shook the World 9:30— 2—Twilight Zone 5—Movie 11—Ramar 10:00— 2—Quick Draw McGraw 4—Dennis the Menace 9—Movie 11—Santa Anita Preview 10:30— 2—Mighty Mouse 4—Fury 7—Jetsons 11—Movie 11:00— 2—Rin Tin Tin 4—Sgt. Preston 5—Californians 7—Casper 13—Variedades 11:30— 2—Roy Rogers 4—Bullwinkle (C) 5— Movie 7—Beany and Cecil 9—Abbott and Costello 12:00— 2—Sky King 4—Exploring (C) 7—Bugs Bunny 9—Movie 11—Movie 13—Vagabond (C) 12:30— 2—Do You Know? 7—American Bandstand 13—Courageous Cat (C) 1:00— 2—News 4—Film Feature 5—Movie 13—Movie (C) 1:30— 2—Tell it Again 4—Teacher '64 7—Tombstone Territory 1:55— 9—News 4—That Was the Week 2:00— 2—As Others See Us That Was—Satire 5—Movie 7—Price Is Right 13—Rebel 10:00— 2—Alfred Hitchcock 4—Jack Paar (c) 7—Boxing 9, 11. 13—News 10:30— 9—Movie 13—Country Music Time 10:45— 7—Make That Spare U:00— 2, 4. 5. 7—News 11—Movie 13—Movie 11:15— 4—Johnny Carson (C> 5—Steve Allen 11:30— 2—Movie 7—Laramie SATURDAY DAYTIME 9:00- 2—Alvin 4—Hector Heathcote (c) 7—Movie 11—Superman 13— Panorama Latino 9:30— 2—Tennessee Tuxedo 4—Fireball XL-5 4—Why, Teacher 7—Tclesports Digest 9—Movie 11—Movie 2:30— 2—Repertoire Workshop 4—Profile 5—Wrestling 7—Challenge Golf (C) 13—Touche Turtle (C) 3:00— 2—CBS Golf Classic 4—International Zone 13—Cameo Theater (C) 3:30— 4—World of Ornamentals 5—Peter Gunn 7—Pro Bowlers Tour 3—Championship Bowling 4:00— 2—Horse Race 4—Agriculture USA 5—TV Bowling Tournament 11—Comedy Hour 4:30— 2—Winners Circle 4—NBC Sports Special 9—Movie 13—Movie 4:45— 2—Time Out for Sports By Lyle C. Wilson President Johnson is carrying on from about where President Kennedy left the administration's urgent effort to hold the Negro vote in this year's presidential election. But it remained for Johnson to pull back a chair in the cabinet room and to invite a Negro to sit down. This is moderately surprising because there was during the 1960 presidential campaign and after a great lot of double and otherwise misleading talk about a Negro in the cabinet. Carl T. Rowan will not be a member of the Johnson cabinet. But Rowan will sit regularly with the cabinet and the National Security Council. Rowan is the Negro nominated by Johnson to succeed Edward R. Murrow as director of the United States Information Agency (USIA). This is the most distinguished political job attained by an American Negro so far. although Rowan himself is being relieved as U.S. embassador to Finland to succeed Murrow. The late John F. Kennedy excelled at the delicate ploy of dealing with the voting members of a numerous, frustrated, unhappy, suspicious minority. He freely used patronage, charm and the simple gesture that became extravagantly and emotionally effective because it was expertly timed. Called King's Wife There was, for example, JFK's phone call during the 19C0 campaign to the wife of the Rev. Martin Luther King when King was locked up in a Southern jail. Kennedy would drop in on a Negro women's luncheon club in time for coffee and a few friendly words. He put Negroes in high federal office. Negro gratitude was so great that Kennedy was able to postpone for two years the instant civil rights promises of the 1960 Democratic platform without dangerously alienating his Negro friends. The most controversial o£ JFK's maneuvers to keep Negroes happy came shortly after the 1960 election when he appeared on the stoop of his Georgetown home in company of Rep. William Dawson, 74- year-old Chicago Democrat and a Negro. The president-elect told assembled newsmen — and Dawson agreed—that the congressman had been offered and had refused the postmaster general's post. Here was spectacular evidence of Kennedy 's interest and confidence in Negroes—but, was it? The question arose: Was the offer to Dawson genuine? The Chicago Daily News said in an editorial: "We can't believe it. Dawson's record should keep him out of 'the cabinet." Pictured As Boss The News pictured Dawson as the absolute political boss of a Chicago congressional district notable for corruption, fraud and other crime. If so. Dawson's nomination would have invited severe scrutiny and, perhaps, rejection by the U.S. Senate. Kennedy scarcely could have been ignorant of Dawson's political background nor insensible to the Senate 's reaction to his nomination. There was suspicion, therefore, that the announcement that the nomination had been tendered and rejected was a political device and that no real proposal had been made to Dawson. Thereafter, Kennedy proposed establishment of a new cabinet department of urban affairs and said he would nominate a Negro to head it. Republicans almost unanimously hollered "foul" against that and Congress rejected t h a whole idea. Republican vice presidential nominee Henry Cabot Lodge got into the act with campaign speculation that Richard M. Nixon would name a Negro to the cabinet if he were elected. That also was phony. DOCTOR'S MAILBAG Artificial sweeteners have no food values By Dr. Wayne G. Brandstadt LIGHTER SIDE By DICK WEST Shakespeare has a word Q — Do saccharin tablets have any calories? Can they be used in cooking? I am on a reducing diet. Is Sucaryl harmful? A — Such artificial sweeteners as saccharin and calcium or sodium cyclamate (Sucaryl) have no food value. They can be used in cooking. With some persons, saccharin may have a slightly bitter aftertaste. The cyclamates are less apt to cause this, but if used in large amounts they may have a laxative effect. They are otherwise harmless, except that sodium cyclamate should not be used by anyone who is on a low sodium diet. Q — I had a PBI test which was 9.8. Is this serious? A — The normal range of the Protein-Bound Iodine in the blood is 4 to 8. An elevation of this level is usually associated with hyperactivity of the thyroid. Your test shows a slight elevation, but a diagnosis should never be made on the basis of one reading of a single test. If your doctor found other evidences of hyperthyroidism, he has most likely suggested appropriate treatment. If he is in doubt, he might want to observe you further and get more tests. Q — In 1960 I had myelogram X-rays of my spine. In 1962 when more X-rays were taken, some drops of the opaque oil injected into my spine in 1960 were still present. Could this impair the nerves of my back and legs? How long after injection should the dye be present? * A — This is a case of "what you can't see won't hurt you." The oil will be present for many years, but it will not impair your nerves although it may make you nervous to think about it. Q — My son has to wear glasses, and because they make raw sores on the sides of his nose where the glasses press, we have to put zinc oxide ointment on the sore places. Could the ointment get into his eyes and injure his sight? A — Either the frames are improperly fitted or the spectacles are too heavy. New plastic lenses and lightweight frames properly fitted should eliminate the necessity of ointment. Otherwise you might consider having him fitted with contact lenses. Meanwhile, don't worry about the ointment. It is bland and harmless, and it is most unlikely that any of it will get into your son's eyes. NOISEY GUIDES ARCACHON, France (UPD— Port authorities at this Atlantic coastal town appealed to townspeople to come to the dockside with pots, pans and anything else they could make noise with to help guide the local fishing fleet through heavy fog into the port. Every vessel was berthed successfully Thursday. THE ALMANAC Today is Friday, Jan. 24. the 24th day of 1964 with 342 to follow. The moon is approaching its full phase. The evening stars are Venus, Jupiter and saturn. On this day in history: In 1848, gold was first discovered in the Sacramento River near Coloma, Calif. In 1908, the first Boy Scout troop was organized in England by a general in the British Army, Robert Baden-Powell. In 1945, Russian troops crossed the Oder River and landed on German soil for the first time. » In 1946, the United Nations Generally Assembly voted to create a U.N. Atomic Energy Commission. A thought for the day—American humorist Ogden Nash once said: "Bankers are just like anybody else, except richer." WASHINGTON (UPD—What ever it is, Shakespeare usually has a word for it. I have been thumbing through the Bard's works in search of quotations that might be relevant to the subject that all America is now talking about. And I don't mean s-e-x. As an indication of what Shakespeare might have had to say about our current "Topic A." I have lifted some of his better known lines and placed them in a new context to form a sort of interview. Q. Mr. Shakespeare, do you use tobacco? A. "It is meat and drink to me." Q. Have you ever tried toi quit smoking? A. "This is the third time; I hope good luck lies in odd numbers." Q. I gather, then, that you are having some difficulty staying away from cigarettes? A. "Every one can master a grief but he that has it." Q. How hard is it to quit smoking? A. "As for a camel to thread the postern of a small needle's eye." Q. Have you received any advice on how to go about breaking the habit? A. "Zounds! I was never so bethump'd with words since I first call'd my brother's father dad." K. Some cigarette smokers have been switching to pipes and cigars. What is your opinion of cigars? A. "The rankest compound of villainous smell that ever offended nostril." Q. Are pipes better than cigars? A. "There's small choice in rotten apples." Q. Have you tried eating candy when you crave a cigarette? A. "It blows a man up like a bladder." Q. How about anti-smoking pills? A. "I would to God thou and I know where a commodity ot good names were to be bought." Q. Does chewing gum help any? A. "Oh, that way madness lies; let me shun that." Q. Judging from what I hear, there are a lot of other people who are experiencing the same trouble. A. "Misery acquaints a man with strange bedfellows." Q. Do you have anything you would like to say to others who are trying to quit? A. "Refrain tonight, and that shall lend a kind of easiness to the next abstinence; the next more easy . . . screw your courage to the sticking-placc, and we'll not faiL" "Get this . . . Here's a politician who wants to b* an astronaut."
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