Democrats must face up to Baker case By Doris Fleeson WASHINGTON — Democrats must face it They will be confronted with the Robert G. (Bobby) Baker case in the Presidential election. This was made plain when Republican national Chairman William E. Miller attacked pro cedures of the Senate Rules Committee investigation of the Baker case as a "travesty of justice." Miller demanded open hearings and the cross-examination of witnesses, claiming that the issue was "the integrity of the United States." Republicans have been a long time making up their minds about how they would handle the Baker issue. They recognized the political delicacy of an attack upon a former protege of the man who was Vice Presi dent when the story broke. Now that same Vice President is President and spokesman for the nation in foreign affairs. This only increased the delicacy of the problem. Republicans chafed when late October drew into mid-January and Senate Rules had held only a few public sessions minus Mr. Baker himself and various important Democrats, including a Senator, who were mentioned in the testimony. In this interim the press kept the story alive with its digging into the facts. Then came Don B. Reynolds, an insurance man associated with Baker for eight years, and a compulsive talker. Rules Committee Republicans got the Reynolds record released. Republican strategists figured it offered ample ground for public concern and Chairman Miller sounded the gong. Until then, Democrats had hoped to define the case in terms of what constitutes ethics in Congressional staff behavior. CARNIVAL By Dick Turner Baker was to be the villain and the victim. During the weeks just past Republicans on Senate Rules have moved with cat feet, hoping to avoid the kind of partisan showdowns which might have the effect of uniting Democratic liberals and regulars. In a sense it was a competition for the consciences of such Senators as Clark of Pennsylvania who are normally sensitive to ethical conflicts. No one cared to define that internal struggle. Indeed the committee has managed to operate with remarkable descre- tion and fewer leaks than that usually obtained in matters of this kind. It is significant that the harsh words with their implicit warning for the campaign have been left to Chairman Miller. National chairmen are expected by the public to attack the other party. What Miller wants is the Bobby Baker story as told by all the characters involved. He is confident that the campaign orators can take over from there now that Reynolds has told all. It would seem necessary for Democrats now to re-cast their strategy. The matter is noj longer Senatorial but national:the crux of the legal battle over business, proper material for a'California's new anti-discrimin- Condominiums pose state jurisdictional problem "Another thing! Stop mumbling about 'prime evening time'!" national election. It is a risk when hearings are opened up in the manner Miller demands. It is also a risk now if they are not. It is improbable that new legislation will be suggested but that is not unusual. It is only clear that what the Senate establishment does now in the Baker case, or fails to do, could affect the outcome of the next Presidential election. (Copyright, 1964, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) WASHINGTON Hatfield, Halleck to bump heads to chair convention By Bruce Biossat WASHINGTON — (NEA) — The move by Republican governors to install Oregon's Gov. .Mark Hatfield as permanent chairman of the GOP national convention is approaching a probably immovable object — House minority leader Charles Halleck. Halleck had the job in 1960. Right now he will not comment — even privately — on whether he wants it again. But the odds are heavy that he does, and such a wish is likely to be deceived with a good many influential Republicans. The veteran leader is proud that the 1960 convention was an orderly affair. He is extremely conscious, too, that as the prime "congressional candidate" for the chairmanship, he represents 211 Republicans, 178 in the House and 33 in the Senate, who carry a big part of the year-long partisan assault on the majority Democrats. The party's 16 governors, scattered thinly across the nation, understand this full well. But they nevertheless want greater influence in party affairs than they now have. Putting Hatfield up for the chairmanship reflects this objective. It indicates something more— a desire to plant a young, trim, handsome, vote-catching figure before the country's television screens during the convention period. Hatfield has the specifications. I As for Halleck, the attitude of) some GOP governors was reflected by one who said: "I won't be a party to putting the *Ev and Charlie Show' on television four days running." Most expensive laws OLYMPIA, Wash. (UPI) — Washington has the "most expensive" laws in the nation. A complete set of the state's laws sells for $900. Halleck, of course, makes occasional filmed television ap- jpearances with Senate Republican leader Everett Dirksen. They have often been assailed as giving the party a tired, old ish image. An interesting thing about the chairmanship tussle is that, while it divides along congressional-governorship lines, it does not appear to be a conservative-liberal fight. At the Governors' Denver caucus last fall, the vote for Hatfield was, as already well remarked, unanimous. The few absentees later added their support. Among the original pro Hatfield voters were three avowed backers of Sen. Barry Goldwater's presidential candidacy: Governors Paul Fannin of Arizona, Tim Babcock of Montana, Henry Bellmon of Oklahoma. Another G o 1 d w a t e r man, James Wood, Arizona GOP national committeeman, was skeptical at first. Then he watched Hatfield perform impartially and competently as host at a Eugene, Ore., meeting of west ern Republicans. Both Goldwa ter and New York's Gov. Nelson Rockefeller were featured guests. Now Wood is for Hatfield as chairman. Hatfield has one handicap. Sometimes known as "Everybody's candidate for vice president," he might benefit more from the television "showcase" that some party men would care to see. His own people thought the missionary work done for the governor at a recent party meeting in Washington ad vanccd his cause. But the wise old party heads are doubtful he'll make it. A fairly sturdy tradition has given the chairmanship to the top House Republican for a good span of time. Halleck has had it only once, but he is not a man to be pushed aside lightly. OUR ANCESTORS byQuincy Housing Initiative stirs new legal controversy SACRAMENTO (UPI) — At [constitutional question and re fused to halt the auti-Rumford law campaign because he didn't want to interfere with an initia ation housing law, passed in the dying moments of the 1963 legislature, are two flatly contradictory views of the U. S. Constitution's 14th amendment. The opposing sides are so far apart that the final, crucial battle could be fought out in the chambers of the U.S. Supreme Court. The object of our battle is a proposed amendment to the state constitution stating that a property owner may sell, lease or rent real propert yto anyone in his "absolute discretion." Civil rights groups claim this amendment, which would kill the Rumford fair housing bill, '•flics right into the teeth of the 14th amendment." The California Real Estate Association (CREA), spearheading the campaign to put the amendment on the general election ballot, says it does not. Says CREA Attorney Samuel Pmitt, Los Angeles: "This initiative, far from violating the 14th amendment, provides that one of the constitutional rights of individual property owners is to be free from government inquiry as to the reasons why they do or do not sell property to whomever they please." Another View But Attorney Nathaniel Colley, Sacramento, Attorney for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), has quite another view: 'There is nothing in the 14th amendment that prohibits State Government from inquiring into the reasons why people do what they do with their property. That's foreign to the 14th amendment." The 14th Amendment, declared part of the U. S. Constitution in 1868, says: "No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities c f citizens of the United Stales, nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." Another statute, passed the same year by Congress, is cited by Colley. It reads: "Citizens of every state and territory shall have the same right to acquire, possess and own real property as is enjoyed by white citizens thereof." j A superior court judge last] week refused to consider the tive drive. "It is fundamental." said Sup erior Judge Irving H. Perluss, "that in our democratic society the rights the people have re served for themselves must al ways be jealously guarded." In addition, he noted that the Slate Supreme court, ruling on a similar question of whether an initiative drive should be stopped because of an alleged unconstitutional matter, apparently had the same opinion. Ruling Appealed Perluss' ruling was immed iately appealed to the state su preme court, which could take it up this week. But the high court could agree with Perluss, who noted the campaign to get the amend ment on the election ballot had only until Feb. 5 to get the needed 468,259 signatures on a petition. (About 350,000 signatures are now claimed by the CREA). It ruled recently in a Los Angeles case, which also contained a time element, that: "We are still of the view that we should not interfere with the exercise of the electorate's franchise (the initiative process) for the purpose of determining the question of constitutionality, a matter which can, if necessary, be more appropriately passed upon after the election." Another Maneuver If the appeal failed, Colley said he was considering an attempt to block the petitions from the office of the Secretary of State, whose job it would be to validate them and assign the amendment to the general elec tion ballot. Colley said his grounds would be that the proposed amend ment. again, was unconstitution al. Such an attempt would parallel last week's case, lost by the NAACP. The civil rights group was attempting to block the petitions at the county clerk level. The new state law around which the battle swirls was authored by Negro Assembly man William Bryan Rumford, D-Berkeley, and sparked a month-long sit-in demonstration protesting its delay in a senate committee. The Rumford Act, backed by Gov. Brown, who has been criticized by some for requesting voters not to sign the peition makes it illegal to discriminate in about 70 per cent of the states's 5.5 million housing units. Red Carpet SACRAMENTO — (PCNS)— State jurisdiction over the ad-i ministration, construction, finan-j cing and sale of condominiums will remain under dual controlj of the Division of Corporations and the Division of Real Estate — despite the objections of just about everyone concerned. That is the consensus prediction of State officials in Sacramento, who this week revealed an up-to-date statistical report on condominium developments in Northern and Southern California. Condominiums, the relatively new twist to an old concept of common-ownership multi-u n i t residential development, are rapidly emerging as a major factor in California real estate activity. So rapid, in fact, that both government and industry leaders are hard-pressed to solve the flood of legal and administrative questions piling up. Question of Jurisdiction The biggest headache at the top of the list is the question of jurisdiction split between two state agencies. Under normal circumstance, condominiums would fall within the excusive domain of the Division of Real Estate because they are technically considered as just another type of residential subdivision. But condominiums, in which tenants hold "a common interest in real property and a separate interest in space," are also technically considered as security investments and therefore lie within the purview of the Division of Corporations. Land developers, investors, promoters, sales agents and officials of both state agencies share the opinion that such dual control is cumbersome, confusing, inefficient and unnecessary. Redlands Daily Facts Friday, Jan. 24, 1964 - 13 SWEETIE PIE By Nadine Seltzer Modern motors, fire wafer too much for Apache LOS ANGELES (UPI) — Civilization has caught up with the Apaches. They now have a tribal traffic court. , An Apache judge from Arizona — 27-year-old Dennis Nelson Jr. — made the disclosure Tuesday while attending the 17th annual Western Regional Traffic Court Conference at the University of Southern California. Nelson is chief traffic judge of the San Carlos Tribal court. He said traffic troubles for the Apaches began when an Arizona state law was passed in 1957 allowing Indians to drink liquor on the reservation. "Some non-Indians can drink and know when to stop," said the Apache judge. "But one thing bad about my people is that when they start drinking, they go on and on." The situation is made worse, he said, by the fact that Highway 70 runs 50 miles straight through the San Carlos Reservation in central Arizona. "Some of my people feel that because the highway is on our reservation, no one else has the right to use it," said the judge. "A drunken Apache driver takes off on the highway as though no one else is there. Fatalities take place even on a straight ten-mile stretch." Nelson said that at least four traffic cases a week are reported for the reservation's 10,000 population. "I have had a hard time interpreting law to my people who would rather be ruled by ancient customs than modern law," he added. 'But the day will come when we have enough educated Apaches to grow along with the outside world." "Our new scout claims he's been scalped twice by Injuns, but I'm inclined to doubt it!" In our busy lives today it is sometimes difficult to do the nice little things, such as visiting a new neighbor. Your Hospitality Hostess is your ambassador of goodwill. She will call on newcomers to Redlands and bring maps, gifts, and civic information. Just phone her at 792-3936 and give her the ad dress of newcomers in your neighborhood. Mr. and Mrs. Warner E. Rogers and their two children from Texas; the Edgar H. Fey, Jr., family from Illinois; and Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Kassner and their four children from New Jersey are all welcome new members of our community. Also on our welcome list is Mr. and Mrs. James F. Cyphers from Massachusetts; the Robert L. Edwards family from Ohio; and Mrs. Thelda G. Johnson and her child from Arizona. Mr. and Mrs. C. Stan Shipp and their four children came to from Utah: Miss Jane L. Raczkowska and her mother moved to our community from Massachusetts; and Mr. and Mrs. Cecil W. Dell came from Montana. Other recent arrivals include the Roswell C. Armitage family from Santa Maria; Mr. and Mrs. by Dottie Walters Claude L. McKee and their three children from Yuba City; and Major and Mrs. Leo E. Thorn son and their two children from Rolling Hills. Mr. and Mrs. Frederick J. Rose and their four children from Manhatten Beach; the Leonard S. Delaney family from Calimcsa; and Mrs. Pearl Stan ley from Murphies are all welcome new residents. Also new to our area is the Rev. and Mrs. Lloyd L. Reece and their child from Trona; the Arthur J. Crigler family from Los Angeles; and Mr. and Mrs. Guy B. Enterkin and their three children from Corona del Mar. Mr. and Mrs. Ernest D. Keith from Costa Mesa; the E. Clark Gifford family from Lancaster; and Mrs. Evalyn A. Klein from Rialto are all welcome newcomers to Redlands. From Fresno came new residents Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Carroll and their four children; from San Diego we welcome the John H. Edwards family; and from Beaumont we greet Mr. and Mrs. Harold J. Kuhn. Mr. and Mrs. Floyd W. Heideman and their child from Burbank; Dr. and Mrs. Stanley D. Korfmacher from San Francisco; and the Frank A. De Vito family from Redondo Luncheon meetings open to public SACRAMENTO (UPI) —Atty. Gen. Stanley Mosk ruled today that when two city councils regularly hold luncheon meetings with civil organizations to discuss governmental matters, the sessions are open to the public under the Brown Act. Mosk ruled in the case of the San Juan Capistrano and San Clemente City Councils, which regularly held luncheon meetings with "certain civil associations" of nearby unincorporated communities. I State Sen. John A. Murdy, R-Santa Ana, who requested the] opinion, said the purposes of the meetings were "to achieve better relations between the communities" and to discuss "items of area importance such as location of school facilities, airport facilities, water supply, sewage disposal and beach erosion." But efforts to eliminate the duplication have thus far been futile. The State Legislature last year approved Senate Bill 662 which would have removed the Division of Corporations from the condominium picture, giving the Division of Real Estate full 1 regulatory control. But the Corp-j orations Commission objected to a late amendment which would have left the Real Estate Commissioner without authority to properly protect the "fair, just! and equitable" interests of the buying public. Brown Vetoed Bill The inter - agency confusion 1 stalemated last July 17 whenj Governor Brown pocket vetoed! the bill. It will be at least 1965 \ before the effort can be revived, but until the securities aspect: of condominium developments is • resolved, most observers believe j the dual control will continue. ; Meanwhile, however, construction and sale of condominium; units continue to boom. I Latest figures indicate that 19 j such projects were recorded \ during 1963 in Northern Califor-i nia. These condominiums, locat-! ed in various areas of the 48 northern counties, represented a total of 845 separate dwelling units. In Southern California, where; the condominium concept has just begun to surge, only 10 such projects were recorded in 1963. However, these 10 represent a total of 1.242 units, indicating that condominium complexes in the Southland are being built substantially larger than their Northern counterparts. Condominium Defined The word "condominium" is defined by the dictionary as "joint ownership; joint dominion or sovereignty." The Calif. Civil Code describes a condominium as "an estate in real property consisting of an individed interest in common in a portion of a parcel of real property together with a separate interest in space in a residential, industrial or commercial building onj such real property, such as an apartment, office or store." ! As related to current real estate practice, a condominium is regarded as a type of residential subdivision, constructed as an apartment building or as a cluster of individual dwelling units, wherein tenants actually purchase title to their separate "spaces" and hold joint interest in the total common property, exterior walls, corridors, service areas, garages, landscaping, etc. Generally, each individual unit owner participates as a voting member of the condominium "corporation" to provide for management and maintenance of the common property. "That hobbyhorse hasn't been BROKEN yet!" Shoes for Spring have shuffled to naked look By GAY PAULEY jSeries —also in the act simultan- UPI Women's Editor jeously for the first time, bid- NEW YORK (UPI) — Shoes'ding for attention of the fashion for spring have shuffled over tojpress. the naked look. | Tne mu i e also is on the foot- Designers have bared thejwear scene with its complete heel, cut the sides of the new open back, showing in evening shoes lower, and resorted tojshoes with winestem shaped cutouts, lattice and straps to heels and daytime walkers with show off more of the feminine;sturdy heel shapes, foot. | Watch also for a return of The sling back pump comes ; the spectator pump in novel back in a number of variations, with the heel strap either spa-] ghetti thin for the most open combinations of textures and colors. Combinations include navy with red, bone with brown, look or the wide sling which! black patent with white suede, leaves only a strip of the heel; and brushed with smooth leath- showing. | er Straps are used in countless! Higher Heels ways, reports the National Shoe! Turnin g t0 toes, lne crescent Institute. There are T-straps, is seen most often. Extremes horizontal straps, criss - cross, | are out and that goes for the halter and cantilever straps. 1 pointed toe, said the institute. There are shoestring webbings!The open toe is in for casual for evening, straps decorated 1 wear and the institute said, with perforations, stitchings or|"A word to the fashion wise— cutouts, and broad thongs for|w-atch for open toes on higher the suntan and patio set. ;heels." Press View Preview | Since the crescent toes call The institute, representing for broader heels, they take on manufacturers and retailers, is j new shape to give a look of an auxiliary member of theihghtness—curves, pyramids, ba- New York Couture Group, an by louis, spool, and stacked organization of fashion creators | cones. which last week concluded its( Like the rest of the ready-to- 42nd semi-annual "National;wear world, footwear is on a Press Week" for visiting report-jwhite binge. White shows in ers. (pebbled and grooves finishes, in It was a week of concentrated showings of all phases of spring and summer styles with another group—the American Designer suede, patent and kid. White and black combinations are available to replace the all black shoe for spring. HUNG UP BY SECURITY - When A3C Stephen Dillon attempted to "soft talk" his way through the security gate at the SAGE blockhouse at the east end of Norton AFB, he was caught and searched by A2C Erskine Stark of the security section. This is a reenactment. (USAF Photo) Air Defense security police take no chances Beach are welcome newcomers to our community. Our welcome to new neighbors Mr. and Mrs. William J. Linley and their two children from Mira Lorn a; also to the Martin G. Macy family from Higliland; and to Mr. and Mrs. J. Vin Somavia and their child from Alameda. NORTON AFB - When t h e Air Police of the Los Angeles Air Defense Sector security sector security section suspect someone doesn't have clearance to enter the SAGE Direction Center, they take no chances. The intruder is stopped at the gate and checked thoroughly. The guards are always on the alert. They know that sometime every three months, someone will try to get by them. Regulations require an attempted penetration under the direction of the commander of the 4640th Security Section, LAADS. SAGE ( Serai - Au t o m a t-| ic Ground Environment) is the nerve center for'air defense of 100,000 aquare miles of Southern California. Access to the building on Third street west of Ala- auth- street is restricted to orized individuals only. What happens when someone tries to get past the Air Police? The last directed attempt, early this month, is a good example. A3C Stephen Dillon was newly assigned to the base Security and Las Enforcement Division, not a member of LAADS. and unknown to theLAADS Air Police. He followed AiC Santos Flores, management analysis section of LAADS, up to the gate house. As Airman Flores received his badge authorizing access. Airman Dillon said quickly, "I'll go in with him." Turning to Flores, he said, "Here are my processing papers . . . I'm new here ... OK if I go in with you to check through my section?" Airman Flores, by pre-arrangement, then turned away and started toward the building. Dillon attempted to follow him but was stopped by the guard. The whole action took less than 15 seconds. A2C Erskine Starks, who bad been suspicious since Dillon first walked up, stopped him and refused entry. After checking Airman Dillon's clearance papers, he realized the man had no official business in the building. Since the attempted penetration was a direct violation of security regulations, Dillon was thoroughly checked, under guard. As with all previous attempts, this one was unsuccessful. Those responsible for thinking up new ones are about out of ideas. The Air Police have usually thought of the idea before. Of course, visitors to the air defense blockhouse are always welcome. Properly escorted, military and civilian visitors enter the building almost every day. Conducted tours are given frequently.
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