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Page 20 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA JANUARY 15, 1964 The nuclear accident rate stays at zero "We are going to hold the nuclear accident rate to zero," Maj. Gen. Perry B. Griffith said in his first interview at Norton AFB as director of Air Force Safety. Brig. Gen. Jay T. Robbins, who now holds that position, has the same objective. Monday a B-52 jet bomber carrying two unarmed nuclear weapons crashed in the snow covered mountains close to the Maryland-Pennsylvania border. There was no explosion. This was the eighth such crash involving nuclear weapons since 1958. There never has been any nuclear yield in any of them. This is of tremendous psychological importance to the American public. The scary type of person easily gets hysterical over things he does not understand. It was possible, before there had been any of these accidents, to work up a contagious public alarm over the possibility of our own people being blown to smithereens by our aircraft. While these accidents have involved a re- gretable loss of life to members of the crews, they have — in an indirect way — contributed to the defense of the United States. They have shown that it is reasonable for Strategic Air Command bombers to carry weapons which deter war and help to maintain the peace. Without responsibility The current strike against the General Telephone company has been accompanied by a rash of cable slashings. Those who commit the sabotage are lacking in any sease of responsibility. Vital telephone sendee has been destroyed time and again. One line serving the Lake Arrowhead Hospital was cut. Another cable ran to the Ontario Airport control tower, a facility vital to the pilot in the air. And so on. It is a strange commentary that there has been little more result than the publication of news reports. There has been none of the strong reaction that should be expected from law enforcement agencies. About the only good tiling that can be said about this sorry affair is that it has not happened in the telephone system that serves this area. While the employes of California Water and Telephone have had differences with the company in the past, and undoubtedly will have again in the future, we hope it will always be possible to say that they have acted with responsibility toward their trust — public communications. Too much confusion Sometimes government ought to buy newspaper space for the purpose of clearly presenting information to the public. A current case in point is the state law requiring devices to control crank case smog on automobiles and trucks. No simple statement is possible that covers all types of vehicles and the requirements from the present on through the full operation of the law. The publicity released from Sacramento for publication has created more confusion than it lias dispelled. The upshot is that employes of the Department of Motor Vehcles have had to verbally explain what should have been explained in print, and at a time when they are already burdened with the landslide license renewal task. The virtue of paid advertising for explaining auto smog control would be that the subject could be presented in logical, outline form, in exactly the form desired by the state. Curiously, government buys practically every other commodity or service on the market but only in a few instances pays for clear communication with the public it is supposed to serve. With a Grain Of Salt By Frank and Bill Moore In 1851 the Mormons unhitched their oxen from their covered wagons, laid out a town with broad streets, and called it San Bernardino. In 1870 the Jurupa settlers capitalized on the waters of the Santa Ana river and laid out a town they called Riverside. In 1875 the Slover Mountain colony deeded a square mile to the Southern Pacific and established a railroad town, Colton. In 1881 Frank Brown and E. G. Judson staked out a citrus townsitc and called it Rcdlands. Yesterday, 113 years after the Mormons set the process of urbanization in motion in our valley, the modern tale of the four cities was told. Curiously, the meeting was not held at the Riverside Mission Inn or San Bernardino's Arrowhead Springs but in a Non-City. They met at the new Holiday Inn which lies in the embrace of the great freeway Octopus in what is otherwise uninhabited territory. And they came together for the first time to share a common experience — the experience that a city has a tendency to die at the heart. And they came to tell each other what they arc doing about it. All of the delegates arrived by automobile — the machine that has been both the making of the four cities and the undoing of their downtown areas. Van A. Croutcr best put it in capsule form, saying of his town, Colton: "Born of the railroad, died of the auto." At first the city center bordered the railroad depot grounds. Passengers walked to the Palace hotel to eat and to sleep. Then came the Pullman cars and the diners. When the automobiles came, Colton gradually shifted its attention to the highway and II street became a highway service street. As the outiandcrs congested the city center, the homcfolks learned to drive their own automobiles elsewhere to shop. When the freeway took the through traffic off the local streets, not much was left of central Colton, a town on the toboggan slide. Finally Colton had to admit the need for regeneration and the Redevelopment Agency was born. A week ago the City Council gave its blessing and now master planning is under way for a rebirth of the central city. The other cities did not have such drastic tales to tell. But they all gave testimony to one common experience — the downtown area loses its vitality. It does not automatically renew its vigor. Somebody has to do something about it — with vision, with leadership, with money, with guts. Engle poses problem for Demos By Doris Fleeson FIDEL RfcAbS THE. COMIC SECT/OM Teletips TELEVISION TOP SHOW: — 7:30. Chan. 2. Chronicle. "Tomorrow Was Yesterday." Report on the social, ethical and political implications of the major basic scientific breakthroughs that have occurred since 1948. 7:30 — Chan. 4. The Virginian. "The Fortunes of J. Jimerson Jones." Pat O'Brien stars as grizzled old prospector who finds his sudden wealth brings unexpected feminine attention. 9:00 — Chan. 2. Beverly Hillbillies. A former hillbillly neighbor of the Clampctt clan tries to marry off his daughter to Jethro. 9:00 — Chan. 4. Espionage. "Medal For a Turned Coat." A man is shot when he returns to Germany following his attempt to effect an armistice between his country and England during World War II. Redlands Yesterdays Redlands, we thought, gave the most creditable account of itself. Economic Research has studied the marketing area and gauged its potential. Victor Grucn is drawing a proposed master plan for revitalizing the core of the city. This is a project advanced by a marriage of government and business. Riverside has plans for a mall and many dramatic innovations and expects to get started a year from now. San Bernardino faces up to the hard reality that private enterprise, alone, cannot assemble real estate for a large project. A single owner always holds out and spoils the plan. The Newsreel It may be that, at long last, Washington will get rid of its temporary wartime office buildings. There is no chance, of course, that the same thing will happen to temporary wartime taxes. But why save downtown at all? Isn't this a lost cause? Doesn't scatteration suit the motorized populace of today? Facing this blunt question the leaders in every town aro forced to think about something they have never really deeply considered before. They come up with a common conclusion that the core is the place that creates the image of the city in which people live and lets them identify with that place. Without a sense of belonging, citizenship wanes and the community lacks civic muscle. "Vitality is established in a city when it brings people together to exchange ideas and goods, to share in activities," said Planner Victor Gruen. "That can only be done in a compact area. Each kind of activity fertilizes the other. "Who should save down town? Government and business should do it together." And then the people from the four cities got into their automobiles and from the Octopus drove off north, south, east and west, each caravan to rebuild its own city center. * One Minute Pulpit And he said to them, Why arc you afraid, O men of little faith? Then he rose and rebuked the winds and the sea: and there was a great calm. — Matthew 8:26. " God moves in a mysterious way His wonders to perform; He plants his footsteps in the sea "Congressman, if thee met thy reflection, thou hod And rides upon the storm. best get some government contracts goin' for us." —William Cowpcr. FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 79, lowest 42. The new Board of Parking Place commissioners will be the only city board which has the full power to act without approval of the City Council, City Attorney Edward F. Taylor reports. Dr. J. M. Schmidt announces the formation of a new research company in Rcdlands to be known as Western Fluidync company. Residents of Oak Glen give strong veto to any possible closure of the Oak Glen school by (he Yucaipa Elementary school board and the Yucaipa board concurs. , TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 56, lowest 35. Jack A. Beaver of Redlands announces candidacy for 73rd assembly seat on the Republican ticket when incumbent Stewart Hinckley decides not to run. School Trustees looking at several sites on the upper southside of development of a new elementary school. Congregational church announces it will conduct a S150,- 000 fund campaign for construction of a new addition on Olive avenue. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 50, lowest 28. Mrs. Laurence Clark named to replace Richard Bcaman on the UR art faculty while he is on sabbatical leave at MIT. Winter sports enthusiasts excited at prospects of a lengthy season as six-day storm finally comes to a halt. Court action to halt a variance for an upper Center street guest hotel dismissed until Council takes action on the variance request. Too busy for play acting OXFORD, England (UPD— Prof. Nevill Coghill, who once tutored actor Richard Burton at Oxford, said today he doubted his old pupil would be able to keep his promise to star in the university's forthcoming production of "Faustus." "He is a very generous chap," Coghill said of Burton, "but I daresay he has a lot of things on bis mind at the moment." UNFORESEEN WEATHER LONDON (UPD — The Daily Mirror, reporting a British Railways statement that a snowstorm which tied up rail traffic was "freak weather we couldn't have foreseen," asked today. "What weather do they foresee in January? Sandstorms?" 8:: WEDNESDAY NIGHT 5:00— 7—Hawaiian Eye 9—Engineer Bill (C) 13—Thaxton Hop 5:30— 5—Whirlybirris 11—Mickey Mouse Club 3:40— 4—Believe It or Not 5:45— 4, 13— News 6:00— 2. 7—News 5—You Asked For It 9—Follow the Sun II—M Squad 13—Touche Turtle (C) G:30— 4, 5. 11—News 13—Rod Rocket (C) 7;00— 4—Death Valley Days 5—Leave it to Beaver 7—World of Giants 9—People Are Funny 11—Gallant Men 13—This Exciting World 7:30— 2—Chronicle 4—Virginian (c) 5—Addograms 7—Ozzie and Harriet 9—Dobie Gillis 13—Adventure Tomorrow (c> 8:00— 5—Lawman 7—Patty Duke 9—Movie (C) 31—Ice Hockey 13—Story of Debbie 10— 2—Tell it to the Camera 5—Detectives 7—Farmer's Daughter 13—Surfsidc 6 9:00— 2—Beverly Hillbillies 4—Espionage 5—Championship Wrestling 7—Ben Casey 9:30— 2—Dick Van Dyke 11—Bold Journey 13—Silcnts Please 10:00— 2—Danny Kaye 4—Eleventh Hour 7—Channing 9, 11, 13—News 10:30— 9—Movie 13—Country Music 11:00— 2, 4. 5, 7—News 11—Movie 13—Movie 11:15— 4—Johnny Carson (c) 5—Steve Allen 11:30— 2-Movie 7—New Breed THURSDAY DAYTIME 9:00— 2—News 4—Say When 5—Romper Room 7—1 Married Joan 9—King and Odic Il-Jack La Lanne 13—News 9:15— 9—Babysitter 13—Guidepost 9:25— 4—News 9:30— 2—1 Love Lucy 4_Word for Word (c) 7—Love That Bob! 11—Movie 10:00— 2—McCoys 4—Concentration 5—Restless Gun 7—December Bride 9—Movie 10:30— 2—Pete and Gladys 4—Missing Links (C) 5—.Mr. Lucky 7—Girl Talk 11:00— 2—Love of Life 4—First Impression (c) 5—Cheaters 7—Price Is Right 11—Jean Majors 11:25— 2—News 11:30— 2—Search for Tomorrow 4—Truth or Consequences (c) 5—Peter Gunn 7—Object Is 9—Spectrum 11—Philip Norman Time 13—TV Bingo 11:45— 2—Guiding Light 11:53— 4—News 12:00— 2—Burns and Allen 4—Let's Make a Deal(C) 5—Thin Man 7—Seven Keys 9—En France 11—Lunch Brigade 13—Movie 12:23— 4—News 12:30— 2—As the World Turns 4—Doctors 5—TV Bingo 7—Father Knows Best 9—Mr. District Attorney 1:00— 2—Password 4—Lorctta Young 5—Movie 7—Ernie Ford 9—CartoonsvilJe 11—Gale Storm 1:30— 2—House Party 4—You Don't Say! (c) 7—Pamela Mason 11—Movie 13—Robin Hood 1:45— 9—News 2.00— 2—To Tell the Truth 4—Match Game 9—Movie 13—Vagabond 2:25— 2. 4—News 5—L.A. Today 2:30— 2—Edge of Night 4—Make Room for Daddy 5—Movie 7—Day in Court 13—Ann Sothern 2:45—11—Movie 2:55— 7—News 3:00— 2—Secret Storm 4—Bachelor Father 7—General Hospital 13—Felix the Cat 3:30— 2—My Little Margie 4—Movie 7—Queen for a Day 3:45— 5—Corns Guy 3:50— 9—News 4.00— 2—Life of Riley 5—Just for Fun 7—Trailmaster 9—Mighty Hercules (C) 11—Superman 4:30— 2—Movie 11—Cartoons 4:45—13—Rocky and His Friends WASHINGTON — When President JohBson arrives in California next month, he will be confronted with a rough Democratic senatorial primary fight, uncertain of outcome, complicated by emotion and about which he can do little. This is the prospect held out to the White House by state leaders after they had called upon the incumbent. Sen. Clair Engle, who is slowly recovering from brain surgery performed last August 24. They were dismayed by what they saw and strongly doubt that other candidates can be dissuaded from making the Senate race. The President is peculiarly affected by Democratic fortunes in vote-rich California. In 1960 his emissaries made absolutely no dent on the convention delegates and his President ambitions were never taken seriously in the state. Today his standing is a question and he will be unusually dependent upon the party's- organizing powers and public appeal. If it were not for the misfortune of Senator Engle's illness, they would serve him well on all fronts. Gov. Pat Brown won re-election last year from Richard Nixon with 300.000 votes to spare, and Democrats control the legislature. They are getting along together rather better than usual. But the Senatorial primary will siphon off money and may arouse emotion. As of now. Senator Engle's announcement that he will seek re-election stands. Rep. James Roosevelt. Attorney General Stanley Mosk and Stale Controller Alan Cranston are wailing in the wings. The picture should be clear sometime between January 25, when the State Central Committee meets, and February 22, when the convention of the California Democratic Clubs starts. CDC is a yeasty outfit, prone to take extreme positions on issues but hard-working in an election. Even if the party leaders could stave off decision, the CDC would not stand still while so much secrecy attaches to the problem of the Senator's condition. A locked door to them is only a challenge to be met. Something of all these problems the state leaders tried to portray to Mrs. Engle in their painful call. The Senator was present, but did not speak. He has made only two public appearances, with reporters not allowed to approach him. He announced for re-election in four sentences of television tape. Upon departing, the leaders took the unusual step of calling upon the Senator in public, as they had in private, to reveal the complete medical records of his case. Mrs. Engle has told reporters that some such statement is in preparation, but it has not yet appeared. There is no disposition to deny that the situation regarding an Engle candidacy is sad and po- cntially divisive. While he was only in his first Senate term, he had served long nd well in the House and has many friends. But the stakes are too high for the shut-out strategy being attempted. The Senate term is six years, and the presidency could be won or lost by t h e ability or inability of the state party to furnish the President with strong and durable coat-, tails next fall. The state leaders know they arc dealing with a human situation and may be criticized, but they acted in good conscience. (Copyright, 1964, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) THE DOCTOR SAYS Minor illness could be a blessing in disguise By Dr. Wayne G. Brandstadt LIGHTER SIDE Wafer flea testing By DICK WEST WASHINGTON (UPD — Mem bers of the House and Senate committees on science and space gave a reception at the Capitol this week for a group of outstanding young science students. By my standards, an outstanding young science student is anyone who can pass high school biology. These students were several cuts above that. They had been winners at school science fairs and were chosen to appear on a new television program called "Science All Stars." But I was deternv ined not to let them intimidate me. I looked in one the gathering and almost immediately found myself being intimidated by 16- year-old George Fargher of La Porte, Ind. George recently pushed the frontiers of science back a few centimeters by devising a method of taking electro-cardiograms of water fleas. To most adults, ignoramuses that we arc, this accomplishment might not appear fraught with significance. I mean, what do we care if a water flea has a heart attack? Well, it seems that water fleas are often used as guinea pigs in testing new drugs. And electro-cardiograms can help determine the effect the drugs have on the water fleas. For instance, George has found that the heart of a water flea reacts to changes in enviro- ment, even as yours and mine. When he put part of a jigger of scotch whisky in the water surrounding a water flea, its heartbeat decelerated, indicating that the flea was beginning to relax and enjoy himself. But when George added a bit of caffein to the water, thus putting the flea in an environment of instant coffee, the heart beat more rapidly, indicating that sobriety was setting in. A drunken water flea is not, of course, of any scientific value per se. It could, in fact, be a troublemaker. The point is that the experiments tended to confirm that water fleas react to stimulants and tranquilizers pretty much "A little learning is a dangerous thing," said Alexander Poe many years ago. Now a Midwest doctor says, "A Little Sickness is Good for You." This is the title of a new book by Dr. H. S. Benjamin, who supports his thesis by citing the case of two elderly patients who each got pneumonia in a winter epidemic. They were about the same age, height, weight, and build. Prior to their pneumonia, both were in good health, yet one died a few hours after developing this disease and the other made an uneventful recovery. Why did these two persons react differently to the same disease? Dr. Benjamin believes it was because the survivor had all the usual childhood diseases early in life, and a few more thrown in for good measure as an adult. The other patient had been coddled all of his rather inactive life and had experienced remarkably few bouts of illness. I am not one to advocate being foolhardy, and would certainly not suggest that anyone court "a little sickness" in the form of any of the communicable diseases for which effective immunization is now available. But there are still plenty for which such protection has not been found. It is possible that a few LA. county checks on sale of cigarettes LOS ANGELES (UPD—Coun ty supervisors Tuesday ordered a report on the possibility of banning sale of cigarettes through vending machines to patients in county hospitals. Supervisor Kenneth Hahn said in urging the action that the U.S. surgeon general's report released last weekend "leaves little doubt" on the relationship of smoking to lung cancer and other diseases. Noting 493 cases of lung cancer at county hospitals last year, the supervisor pointed out that these same hospitals had cigarettes for sale in vending machines. as human beings do. At least as far as the heart is concerned. It is doubtful that a dip in a scotch highball would cause a water flea to put a lamp shade cn his head and sing "Sweet Adeline." I'm not certain that my interpretation of his work does George justice, but I am sure of this: That George is some bright kid. As his next project, he hopes to shed more light on how insects communicate. Perhaps it will show how water fleas go about ordering another round of scotch. bouts with the common cold and other diseases give us an ability that we would otherwise lack, to deal with subsequent infections. The worst feature about coddling, however, is the enforced inactivity and the negative outlook on life if engenders. It is not necessary for us to go out of our way to look for "a little sickness." But if we spend our lives in fear of it, we will not be in shape to handle a big sickness when it comes. Q—What is the difference between cerebral palsy and infantile paralysis? Both campaign! feature crippled children. A—The term "cerebral palsy" is applied to a group of paralytic conditions that arc present from birlh or early childhood. The cause in many cases is prolonged labor, delay in getting the baby to breathe, and brain damage incurred during delivery. The underlying cause of these factors, however, is often hard to determine. In other cases the cause may be prematurity or severe hemorrhages of the mother during pregnacy. The manifestations are varied, and include rigid paralysis or limp paralysis of one or more limbs, or inability to make co-ordinated movements. Infantile paralysis or poliomyelitis, on the other hand, is an infection of the spinal cord caused by a virus. It is not congenital but may be acquired at any age and results in a limp or flaccid paralysis of a group of muscles. When it affects an extremity there is marked wasting of the muscles suppled by the involved nerves. When it affects the diaphragm the victim cannot breathe without the aid o£ an iron lung. THE ALMANAC Today is Wednesday, Jan. 15, the 15th day of 1964 with 35X to follow. The moon is approaching its first quarter. The evening stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1831, the first practical locomotive built in America — "The best friend of Charleston" —made its maiden run over the Charleston and Hamburg Railroad in South Carolina. In 1919, famed Polish pianist, Ignace Paderewski, became the first premier of the Republic of Poland. In 1922, the Irish Free State ' was born. In 1963, French President De Gaulle blocked Britain's bid for membership in the European Common Market. A thought for the day—Humorist Kin Hubbard once wrote: "When a fellow says it hain't the money but the principle of the thing, it's the money."