THE BAKHRSFH9LD CALIPORNIAN THE GREAT MILLER-LUX A Great Farm Company That Has Reclaimed Acres This Company Has Proven That of tnree n "' n lin(1 24 head of stock. The maniwnient of the ranch wants the Lands of Kern County Have No Equal for Productivenesl— Vast Herds of Cattle—An Empire of Alfalfa. When this end of the San Joaquln Valley was largely swamp, the state legislature passed a law giving any person title in fee to land that they would drain and make tillable. Under this act Henry Miller and Chas. Lex, under the firm name of Miller ft Lui, obtained title to 226,000 acres ot that part of the Talley designated u swamp lands. In their efforts to drain these lands they run up against the fact that after the waters of the swamp were dispersed there was none left with which to Irrigate the reclaimed lands, because the waters of Kern River had been appropriated by parties who hail taken out ditches further up the river. This condition led to a lawsuit, known in the counly as the Miller-Haggln suit, for the purpose of establishing the rlgnts of Miller and I.ux us riparian owners. Upon the tf-rmination of this suit which resulted in a verdict for Miller and Lux, a contract was entered into for the division of the waters of Kern River, known us the *Miller-Haggln contract. After this contract was entered Into, the Buena Vista lake reservoir was built and from this reservoir water is taken to irrigate the 60.POO acres of the ranch which are under ciiltirHtion. New land is being put into cultivation at the rate of from nM to 2()<.i(t acres per year and the reservoir will furnish water for the proper irrigation of at least HiO.OOO acres. All of the ranch which now. embraces liOO.OOO acres, is water bearing and very little of it is mountain land, so that it it; |ri^-i from brlow with :> :;r,; flowing wells, a sMiflid Water to iiTluah- !'..• r the (in, mm aiTf.s iri ; >-i 000 acres jnv in .'!•':': grain. .Miller & ;.ux 8000 acres, arH this tin ler Ivu.-e in good farmers who will work, but there Is no room on the entire place for drones. The middle western farmer that sells out his farm in Iowa or any- other middle western state with the intention of coming to California could not do better than to come here and farm one of these places for a few years until he becomes acquainted with conditions under which he will have to work In California. The proper use of water has to be learned, na has also the soil conditions, so that a man can give a crop Intelligent cultivation. After three or four years on this ranch a man will know what he wants and will have the knoweldge necessary to take care of it after he gets It. All of this great rancn, which reaches Into four counites, (except the 60,000 acres under cultivation) is grazing land, and on this vast domain Is handled 30,000 head of cattle, 60,000 head of sheep, 6000 head of hogs and about 1000 head of horses. To view this magnificent ranch from the foothills about McKittrick Is to see one of the grandest sights in California. Lying spread out In front of you at a distance that makes it appear like a vast .lake, Is the 60,000 acres green with alfalfa and grain, and then when Miller ami <'),,>- 1-nx, that ciiine in to this end of the \ alley, found a swamp, and a deceit. i"<'laitned the swamp, watered the <:'-»-rt and made the whole into » vast agricultural section that has no equal in the world. In the lieL'innin:: 1 , in this end of the valley no show whatever for the hoinesiendcr or settler. The first thing to lie done was to impound waters and diu- canals for the irrigation of the soil. The doing of this work also drained a vast section and the state gave to these men who had done the work, a title in. lee to the land reclaimed and It was theirs. It was worthless and they gave it value and they also made It possible .by the building of the irrigation systems, for the settlers to make a Hving off the land on which he had settled. HYDRAULIC ROTART SYSTBM The rapid work and successful use of the hydraulic rotary system of drilling In the oil fields of Texas has brought strongly to the attention of operators the desirability of the system and tho possibility of its adoption in other parts of the -country where suitable formations are encountered. Tho operation consists In rapidly turning a column of pipe, the lower end of which is armed with a steel shoe having a serrate! edge for cutting the formation through which it passes. Water IP kept under constant high pressure in the pipe and the detritus Is thus forced to the surface, passing up on the outside of the pipe with the water. By this means U Is possible to. sink a column of casing through the most stubborn beds of quicksand or other soft formations, which will not, Miller and Lux have made a great through their lack of stability, admit farm of their holdings and are farm- o f the usual procedure of first drill- Ing It on up to date methods. Every thing Is done by steam that can be, from plowing to threshing. Their Immense steam plows and harvester* at work make an inspiring scene. The tenento on the place can have the advantage of this machinery without the enormous Investment of capital which It represents. Mr. James Ogden Is the manager of the property. He has been here 15 years and has superintended the work of changing this vast tract from a swamp to a splendid ranch. Mr. Lux died some years ago, and his interests are now held by the estate. Mr. Miller, the spirit and active head of the corporation, is still active in the harness. He and Mr. Lux are old timers in California and from an early day have turned their attention to the acquisition of land on which they could range their vast ing the hole and then lowering the casing to form the final and lasting wall for the well. In cases where the formation IB composed of .clay of sufficient density to retain the wall of the well in place, a smaller pipe is used, armed with a perforated bit, through which the water IB forced in the same manner, and when the depth la reached where it may be desirable to Insert the casing, the drilling pipe is removed and the casing is inserted in the hole thus prepared for it. It sometimes happens that a hard strata Is encountered which doea not yield readily to the drilling bit, and then a core barrel is called into use. This core barrel consists of a piece of steel pipe, about eight feet long, swaged at the upper end to connect to the drill pipe. The lower end is smooth ana two or three holes COO to I'ltin aeres OHC|I. It is t!ie policy of ilio proj.i-iei.n's ,,f the ranch to extend the aria of these leased lands until it reaches L'd.OUU to 30,<.><;<; acres, nml thU crin 1 •<-• rlnru 1 by put- St. Francis Roman Catholic Church and Its Pastor Rev.G.G. Frund. ting new l diminishing tli-' Twcni v-fiinr h men can han-lle lands In uri'iu. ,irt>duc(> annu.ill of grain per ai'ie int ii'ivation and not !i nt'o;i'-r. 'i .-IPX-I: anil four 'i >Te s of !':' se 'lie Ul'onnl Will "'i' -wenty sacks !•• • • '.vent v sai'ks represent ."u l>nsli.-lt; . ;;i \ \viieal sells at about $l.|n per h-m !;•<., I all the lime. Some riim-ji it J- ,i little lower and some times a linle higher. At this prict' and with ihN jnoduetion a man could produce on his ifioo acres MU.r.iMi worili of unin with the help otio stops to consider a few short years, ago this land was all desert or swamp, some Idea of the great work that has been done by Miller & Lux can be had. Through their efforts and the lavish expenditure of money, a territory that would not support a jack rabbit comfortably has been made to produce much more than Its share of (•••world's wealth in Hour and meat, the two great staples of I ho human family. It' a desirable citizen is one that will nutlie two hlades of grass to grow where formerly one grew, what Is to br> said for that band of pioneers— James Hut-in, Wlllhim Tevls. llenrv herds. This Sirm is away up in the i are drilled a short distance above, to front row of the cattle kings of America, and they have herds in California and Oregon and Washington. Their holdings in thu San Joaquln Valley are so great that it is said they can drive from Bakernfleld to Oakland, a distance of I'.uo miles and camp each night on their own land. These men are not only large holders of realty, they are also developers of the country's resources. They have made the waters of the swamp to gather them- The 1909 Kissel-Kar IS HERE "The Kissel Forty" "Will be continued for l!)0i) at the .same price. The improvements on this popular model consist of heavier, brakes, ;5U-in. wheels, heavier front axle, 115-in base. It will also be much better finished, and possessed of easier riding qualities. Al Thackery, selves together the dry land to appear; and they have tilled the lan'l and raised vast herds thereby, producing the food stuff on which a people feed. Tills Is a great work and has been commended .-I nee the beginning of tiine. permit the water to pass out and return to the surface. Chilled Iron or steel particles averaging about the size of bird shot arc- fed down the inside of the pipe in small quantities and find thijir way to the bottom of the hole, where they are rolled between the bottom of the core barrel and the rock, rapidly crushing the latter. As the detritus rises above the heavier shot it is caught In the current of water ani. carried to the surface. The core is removed by means of an extractor consisting of a piece of pipe the same size as the core barnei and provided with short inwardly projecting steel springs which engage the core and carry It up when the pipe is removed. A combination rig offers the most angrily. "Do you take me for an an- to?"—Houston Post. Agent Kern County. ROADSTER, $2150. TOUHINO OAR, $2160. Aak for demonstration. J. A. Stroud BROKER FIRST CLASS OIL LANDS AND OIL LEASES No wildcat schemes tuined. All hinds well in ;>nt\'i'h fields. addrcsu J. A. Siroud Bakersfleld, Cal. "Hoot, mon!" cxrliihni-il the Scotchman when the RollVi- made a bad play., "That's the third time you have advantages to tli» operator as he can told mo to boot!" exclaimed the_other I then U s^ the hydraulic rotary process In soft formation and use the cable tools to drill through -hard strata and also to drill Into the oil sand and thus prevent water from flowing in on the latter as would be the case If the rotary process were used alone. The walking beam on the combina tion rig is mounted on a revolving center suport, and when not In use is swung aside, thus permitting th< free passage of the hoisting lines. The rotary machine itself Is unique and deserves more than passing mention. A cut on another page clearly shows the latest tpye of ma chine which is built by the 01! \\Vi Supply Company. The plpe t is gripped between font rings placed oppositely in pairs on horizontal shafts. Th> corners of these rings grip the pipe securely enough to solidly rotate same and at the same time permit the pipe to pass downward as the hole is prepared. A steel pinion working In a muster wheel cauHPs the table to rotate ami carry win it the gripping rings, whlcl in turn drive the pipe. The table is carried on hard chill ed cone bearings an,d is practical!. 1 frictlonlesg. Tho rotary process is gaining i- favor in many localities and will probably be adopted in many field? where it ia now practically unknown MAIL and EXPRESS ORDERS CAREFULLY ATTENED TO Office Phone Main 60 Works Phone, Main 163 BAKERSFIELD CLEANING AND DYING WORKS AND RENOVATORY Altering and Repairing Neatly Done. Goods called for and Delivered. Contracts taken. Office, 2027-2029 Chester Avenue. Works, Corner Eighth and L Streets, Bakersfleld, Cal. DIXON ®. SON Undertakers, Funeral Directors, Emhalmers. Successor* to Morton i Connolly. Lady Attendant. 1414 19th It' RED CROII AMBULANCE. Phone, Night or Day, Main I). The Poultry and Egg Exchange THRONSEN & 8TALLARD, Props. Highest Price paid for Poultry and Eggs. Prompt Delivery In Bak- ersfleld and Kern. Phone Main 593. 2115 Q Street. S. L. MACK, Cashier ,1. J. MACK, Vice President. 8. W. Wlble, President 0. J. PLANZ, Asst Cashier. BANK OF BAKERSFIELD .Capital Stock, $250,000 Surplus, $140,000 Resources, One Million Dollars Directors—S. W. Wlble, S. L. Mack, J. J. Mack, J. M. Keith, L. Guggenhime. General Banking, Domestic aForeign Exchange, Letters of Cre-tlt. The officers of the Bank will be glad to give the benefit ofr their r-x- perience or observation to all ppersons desiring Information on matters of business. C. L. Conner, President. R. McDonald, Cashier KERN VALLEY BANK. WE SOLICIT YOUR PATRONAGE Lleber's Code used- Bakersfield, Cal. ROUGH DRY Did You Know i We will call for your family (washing, wash and iron all sheets, [towels, slips, counterpanes, etc. [starch, all pieces that require [starching and return to you for [only 6 cents per pound? If you are in a hurry telephone [for us to call Friday morning [and have them returned Saturday levening. Give us a trial. Satisfactionguaranteed. Give us a trial. Telephone Main 259. CITIZENS LAUNDRY All roads lead to 0. N. JOHNSTON'S BLACKSMITH SHOP. BEST WORK ALWAYS Phone, Main 666. 1301 Nineteenth St.
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