THE CALIPOBKTAN Our Gold Fields Produce Annually $3,000,000 GOLD AND PRECIOUS ME TALS Jf (T. A. Wells.) From tidewater on the north to the Tebachapi on the south lies the great interior valley of the San Joaquln. Approximately two hundred and fifty miles long and fifty wide. It if bounded on the east by the granite formation of the Sierra Nevadas nnd on the west by the sand- etone and shale formation of the Coast Range. These two great mountain ranges Jay parallel to each other until they reach the Tehachapi range on the south, which range extends from Pine Mountain easterly past Mt. Breckenridge (practically the southern end of the Sierra Nevadas) to El Paso, a distance of about sixty miles. early days were abandoned because they were worked out. Tho ore bod- Ise still remain and they still carry their values, and the time is at hand when they will be handled by modern methods, and with better results than ever before. "What JB known as the desert region of Kern County, I. o., flip eastern slope of the Sierras and the various small ranges running In all directions across the desert, Is the Ideal miners' and prospectors' country. It is a treeless region, yet, there Is no acre of It but what will furnish you plenty of fuel for your camp fire. It contains no rivers or running streams, yet nature has scattered at convenient distances over all Us area, little seepages and springs, and subterranean water ways plainly marked by "water weed," that the desert miner can take advantage of and develop In sufficient quantities for camp use almost anywhere. And while you hear a!l about the deadly rattlers, sidewinders and other noxious reptiles and insects, you hear but little of the edible small game of the desert, yet there are In ! abundance hare, rabbits, turtles, quail It is here the territory comprising | and doves. I have seen more valley Kern County lies. Extending from the summit of the Coast Range easterly across the Sierras, and thirty miles out on the Mojavp desert to the west line of San Bernardino County, it includes all of the Ti'harhapl range, quail at one spring on the eastern slope of Black Mountain than I ever saw anywhere else in California at one time, and it is the same with doves. They come from their feeding grounds to water and literally •With fifty miles of valley land to the cover the ground. And be it remem- north of it and a goodly strip to the | bered game wardens and game laws south of It. The Tehachapi is comparatively recent and its formation combines those don't cut much figure on the desert. The foregoing and the fa-et that no heavy sedimentary formation covers Of the Sierra Nevada and Coast j the ledges, but that every change in Ranges, being of granite , limestone the formation and every outcrop are and sandstone with great intrusive! easily seen, and when the find is View of The Yellow Aster Property, Randsburg dykes of porphyry, diorite, etc, seam- , n MI',, and development inaugurated, ing its entire length, ii is (lie nalur- , , („. ,<„•); breaks dean and dry, yet al barrier or dividing line between j within dust. No water hinders op- Southern and Central California. '(-rations and most, all shafts and tun- The world-lami'd "moihcr lode" i.f the Sierra Nevada, which extemla in an unbroken li::>.- tor hundreds of miles through Northern mid ('(Mitral California, swjern* t ( > have broken up ; u )ly. that the arid regions of eastern near the southern boundary of Mali- j -...mi southern Kern contain more posa county and from iliore on south 1 than enough mineral wealth to pay through Kt'rn and San Bernardino I ,,ur national debt. Here are great de- Counties every iarm<-. lurve or small, ; ]W -..\\ A ,,f copper, lead, silver, gold, Beems to ;.e h<;t\ily mineraliy.il, the j tungsten, salt, borax and coal, while | uels stand without timber, which '.has made the desert a most, desirable i reniun for prospecting and mining. It has been asserted, and 1 think trulh- predominating minerals being gold silver and copper. In the zone covering the western Slope of the Sierras from the north•era boundary of Kern to tln> Teha"h- apt and lying very m ar where the Igneous and the i-'-dimeiitary formations meet, hav< Ken found some 1 fabulously rich gol'l ledges, amoiv- ' them being the Josephine. Uc-llpsc; and Lee, Malt by, Uins Toni, Sam Blade and Tracy ciunjis. This region | has been producing 1<due gold ever j since the famous ru.-h tn Kern River j In 1854. j The Ker« River excitement of l&r,4 | wa» caused by the discovery of plac-1 fir gold on the Kern River in th<» vi- 1 clnlty Of . Kernvllle and Keyesville, ; and it brought from the northern mines ft vast number "f experineeil | ,!„. , vas0u ,- in . miners with tbe result that the Sierra Nevadas from White River to Sage lying between the eastern slope of the Sierras and the Hadamacher din- I rid In a vast, sandstone formation (lia,t das ail the earmarks of a groat oil Held. Deposits of asphalt, dried oil, oil blossom, seeps, blue nnd brown shale, flexible sandstone nnd fo.-'-.-il.. u>e Uu-ve in profusion. The St;-.j:h';i'n Pacific is building I'roi.i Mojave to Keeler a nd Is al.•e;Uy in operation within five mlleK uf i'v hiiuthorn end of this field, and 1 lie re prophesy that before the .close year lino the Hlack Mountain th oil field will have among the famous California. taken oil its place dad and Rosamond are all wflthin this zone. 1 The territory covered by the Beale ran-choa is known to contain , many gold ledges and prospectors have looked upon H with longing eyes for fifty years, yet it is still a terra Incognita, as the owners up to the present time have re-fused any terms to prospectors. However, "the world do move," and the present owner, Hon. Truxtun Heale, has proved by many generous acts, Ills sincere interest In the development and general welfare and advancement of this county, and the time may soon come when he can see the way to the exploitation of the minerals on his domain. Within the confines of Kern County, all of them In paying quantities, and some of them of fabulous worth, we have the following minerals: Gold, silver, copper, lead, asbestos, antimony, Iron, mplybdenum, tungsten, borax, salt, sulphur and gypsum, oil and Its products, the various clays and kaolins from percelain and potters clay to fire brick, Infus- lonal earths and fullers earth of commerce of the finest quality and almost unlimited quantity. Along the western slope of the SI- erraa on Blue Mountain, Iron Mountain, Greenhorn and Breckenrldge in close- proximity to the county seat and tlie homes of the farmer folk are many beautiful, well watered and well timbered nooks which are Ideal plaes for summer camps and resorts, and near all 'of them are many small gold ledges that can be made to pay in a modest way. Instance, I have an acquaintance who lives on the "Island" near town. His place is small but good, and he has demonstrated to the world what a live man and his family can do on twenty acres. This man, while reaf- ing his family and yearly adding to his substance by intelligent handling of his farm, bus always found time to spend two or three of the summer mouths in the Sierras, until he is familiar with every meadow, trout stream and deer park from Whitney to Tehaehapi. Ho has established a summer camp at one of those places, j has built a modest log house of two j rooms with one big fireplace, fixed I one place, for bis two horses and an- I other for the dozen hens be takes j thero with him, has tunneled tht [ spring in order to get a cool xtore- j house for his supplier,' and with the I things that nature has provided on the ground he has; made, a cosy camp. In lunnellflg the spring lie developed an abundant supply of water and uncovered a small quartz ledge which he. traced up the side of the mountain until lie canie to an ore chute. He saw possibilities nnd at once !o- catud the ledge, Including the spring and bis Improvements. Sinking on the ledge it proved to average only a few inches In width and the pay chute was only thirty feet long, but It was "free milling" and went in the horn some better than $40 to the ton. With the aid of bis boy he constructed ti small horse arastra below the spring and was ready to op- eralo his mine. Annually since then my frlciui and some members of his lamily have spent the heated term there, hunting, fishing and lazylng and between times taking out a few tons of ore and running It through (lie arastra. A goodly ball of amal- giun always accnmpiuiios him home j and pays the expense of the outing, j the taxes on the farm and then some. I I have often wondered how it la that so many dwellers of the valley who annually spend the whole or a Kreatev part of the hented term In the pleasant fastnesses of the moun- Randsburg- a Veritable Golden Zone Jand wag thorouhgly pre.-i.'eeted for Much bus been written and various theories have been advanced about tlie deposits of coat'He j placer i»ol<| at Summit, (k)ler, Ulack I .Mountain, hast Chance and Red producers of ( tains do not combine business with ; pleasure and follow the example vf ' my friend of the "Island." Riv placer, and Whitt Rag Gulch, Long Tom and the lower bars of Kern River were made to yicl'd their millions In placer gc.ld. It naturally followed that during this period of placer activity the source of it was discovered to be innumerable gold | l(J( ,| Hull Run. | U) dim fts. Without attempting C, G, Illingsworth. Dealer in miners' supplies of all kinds. The oldest store in Kandsburg is the wholesale mid retail store eon'>>• C. (i. IllhiKworth. HP, niifftretK containing hundreds of dollars, and to bo found In the most unexpected places. NungetK, each containing more gold than slble for the miner to Ket anything he may need ;,t this store. Mr. JI- a stock of about ledges seaming the mountains every- A1| of |hu placcrlng hah hoen dono where. The Big Blue, near Kurnville, the mines of Havllah, the Plute, Sage- carries u 100 slug,' $25,000 worth of everything tb.it can been gathered Dear the summit i bo desired by the people of the camp of NiiRxet Mountain, a puak towering! or the prospector that wants to out hundreds of feet above Oolcr canyon. wlth dry washers and in a most crude fit. He does a business of $li;5,000 per year. His wholesale trade 'extends north as far as Hallaratt und land, the Bright Star, Joe Walker, Mayflower! Monarch. Keyesvllle, Umg Tom and many other sold mines were as opened and made to yield abundantly tor many years, the mo»t of them way, yet man)' fortunes have been I SkHdo and he supplies all of the trade being brought to a staadsill because of the water encountered and which could not be uuoceBifalljr handled by the crude method* ta YOffne ta those days, and also by t*« fact that ttw ore bodies turned "baae" at water (are*. None of the mines which wM* «088fiii!y worked to water level In the In the .surrounding territory. He j s a native of Illinois, but he rame to Randshurg from Upland, ('al. He owns five claims in the tungsten district and these are the elalnia on which the garnered there nnd It is safe to say their wealth has hardly been touched yet, Commencing at the western end of the TehachapU »»d extending from ' original claims wcro mmie, McCarthy Pine Mountain southeasterly to Sole-; and Illingswortb are working under dad and Rosamond is a mineral zone, j lease the Parr and Fliit Iron property The groat iron deposits of San Kmid- owned by tho Atolln Mlnln-.c Company. lo, the mica of Tejon, tb" gold, silver, • They have 250 tons o' tuntwten ore copper and molybdwiium, near Cast ae, ion Uu» dump, that will averse a val- the lime dykes at Tehacbapi and thejue of $200 per ton, thai, has been rain gotd ledges of Willow Springs, Sole- ed since January 1, by ae.ven men. This district was first discovered In 1SH5 by dry washers, and of the many claims that were staked out, the Butte and the Yellow Aster groups became paying mines from the start. The precious metal was found at the grass roots and men without means could develop their property. And they do own them. The Yellow Aster Is the only large mining property In the whole country that Is owned by the original locators and In no other district would it be possible for men without money to own and operate a property that It has cost $700,000 to get water to. All of the money that has been spent on the mine has been taken out of It This is what has made the district attractive to the prospector. It Is a notorious fact that every man in the district that has worked his property is today the owner of a good mine. Men have also been drawn away from this field to chase shadows in Nevada and elsewhere who would have been rich men today if they had stayed and worked their claim in Randsburg. The district has been barely scratched and the opportunities here await the effort born of faith, and intelligently directed. A start can be made with a capital that would not be large in the lodging house business. The ground Is proven and the pay dirt Is at the grass roots and the farther down you go the richer it gets. The camp is equipped with every convenience for handling ore after it Is taken out and it can be hauled to the mill from any part of the district with a single team of horses. Thus the miner can realize from day to day and get money to prosecute the work. No mining coun try anywhere offers such opportunities as does the Randsburg district. When gold was first discovered, it was also discovered tfiat there was no wafer there, and they dry washed the top and then left, leaving the great bulk of the values for the men that would come and develop water and work the property. This has been done and now Randsburg district offers opportunities to the prospector and miner unexcelled in any other portion of the foot stool. Every producing mine in the district has been developed with the money taken out of the property and this is true of no other mining district in the world. In the early days of this camp, some wise mining expert said that the formation was volcanic and no ledse would be found here in its true? formation, but that the mineral was simply scattered through the top dirt because of volcatnic action. How little the mining expert knows is proven in twenty places in this district. The true fissure vein is here, and the values- Increase as depth is reached, in some instances, in fact in all Instances the ore becomes more refractory as depth is reached but the values increase largely. This Is the most accessible camp in the world; a railroad runs to It and the work of the prospector is done in a continual summer climate, with provisions uo higher than they are in any farming community. This camp Is not a prospect, it Is sending Its hundreds of thousands per month to the mint. If every camp in America was doing as well as this camp In Fiddler's Gulch, there, would be no more panics. The Santa F'e railroad Is In here with it line from Kramer on the main line, nnd the Southern Pacific is building its California and Nevada line on this side of the valley and it will pass through Randsburg on its way to Kecder. Of course this will also force the Sunta Fe to push Its line on up to "Skiddo 1 'and Hullarnt, because of the fact that with the finishing of the 3. P. a stage line can be run from a point on that line that will be 15 to 20 miles nearer those points than Is Johannesburg, the present staging point on the Smila Fe. The stage line people and the freighting teams will move to tiie m w p6!nt at once and with the loss of this business and the Han'l.-'Sii::-!/ business the Santa Fe will either have to push on with its line or pull up what it has. The ore in this district U all free milling and can be cyanided at a cost of 80 cents per ton. A grub utake, a lot of determination, and stick-to-it-ive- ness Is nil that Is needed to nmlse u fortune , Loases of good claims can bo made on liberal terms and pay dirl can be taken out with the firnt shove! full. Red Dog Mill. The Standford Mining and Rertu- tion Company put in a ten stamp milt here for custom work In 1897 nnd from that day to this the mill has been working night and day. They also have a 30 ton cyanide plant nnd have all the ore they can handle. The president of the company, F. D. Man, Is here In person superintending the mill. This company also owns the Stanford group of gold claims which are being worked under lease. Mr. Man came here from Montana and in conversation with your correspondent, said: "I think this Is a greal field. When you take Into consideration the fact that no capital Is needed, and the conditions under which the miner works, it has no equal." The company employs six men and they own their own ore "teams, which are busy all the time delivering ore to the mills from the various small workings in the district. Sunshine Mine. This location was made In 1896. There are 10 claims in the group. The property is owned by the original locators, B. M. and T. W. Atkinson. Not one dollar of money has been put Into this mine that has not been taken out of the ground. They have a cyanide plant, three stamp mill, 15 horse power hoist, machine drill, 10x10 Ingersoll ram, 425 feet of vertical shaft, and enough ore blocked out to keep the mill busy two years, and are making a neat clean up each month. The ore body Is getting larger and .richer as they go down. They employ 15 people regularly, have good buildings and machin ery and are working 18 hours per day. The Sidney Group, There are nine claims in this group and they are owned by A. C. White the original locator. The location was made in 1897. He has- a shaft down 200 feet nnd has drifted on two levels. The money spent on the mine has been taken out of it as the work progressed. Mr. White had $300 when he made the location. He has tnken out over $70,000 and has $75,000 worth of ore blocked out, All of the ore that has been taken to mill has made an average of $26.15 per ton. Rock running as high as $70.00 and as low as $8.00. At the 200 foot level the ore body covers about 30 feet. .There are three ledges in the ore chute. He has drifted on main ledges over IHH) feet and on the mjddle about 150 feet, at this depth ore assaying $150 a ton in shown. Tlie development has been almig right linen and tho mine is in splendid working order. The ore has all been milled in Johannesburg. The mine has a ili horse power hoist and five miners are employed. Pacific Mining Co. Operating on a group of claims including the Merced, Madera, and Pearl Wedge. They have been working three months and are down 200 feet with their shaft, and are crous cutting to the foot fall. The ledge where it is exposed in the shaft shows richer as it goes down. The mine has been operated since 1896 and $80,000 has been taken out of the Merced and more than this amount out of the Pearl Wedge. The Madera is an undeveloped cluim. 1 Wm. Price is In charge of the work here. Dr. G. A. Knox. One of the most enthusiastic boost, ers of tho Randsburg district is Dr. Knox. He has been In all of the mining districts of America, and has traveled all over the world and Is thoroughly posted on mining values. He said: "The Randsburg district offers especially fine opportunities for legitimate mining Investments. This Is no believe what, ho hears, ho stands- a good show of getting a unanimous vote in this end of the district. Mr. Houser Is Interested In the Mayflower group of claims. These Join the "J. B." and "Baltic", both celebrated properties. He has been largely interested In mining tungsten. He has been hero seven years and In that time has made a host of warm friends. Everybody knows Bill Houser and every body likes him. W. T. Spurlock. The manager of the Rand Mercantile Company, which Is a part of the Yellow Aster property, came to Randsburg to live July, 1907. He has, however, been acquainted with the camp and had made many visits to it during the past six or seven years. He is resident director of the Merced Gold Mining Co., owners of the Merced claims, now being worked under bond by the Pacific Company. He la a firm believer In the future greatnesl of the district. He said: "If Rhyollte or Ooldfleld ha3 mines that were doing as well as 10 or 15 workings here are doing, the country- would be flooded with stock and some fellow would be making a trip across country on a special train to tell about it. Randsburg Is one of the biggest things In the country." Mr. Spurlock Is a native of the northern part of the state and knows whereof he speaks. The store over which he is manager belongs to the Yellow Aster mine people. He does a business of $200,000 per year and carries a stock of about $35,000 worth of well selected goods. Houser House. This splendid hostelry under the management of R. D. McMillan Is fast becoming one of the best hotels in the country. Mr. McMillan is an old hotel man nnd leaves nothing undone the doing of which would make his house a more desirable stopping place. The commercial trade all stop here and the house Is enjoying a good . business. Val. Schmidt. Is the man that discovered Tungsten in the Randsburg district. Tungsten is a metal used to harden steel and has a value ranging from $6.50 to $15 per unit. The Randsburg tungsten I has about 70 units to the ton of ore. j This gives the uniniated some idea oC i the Talue of this deposit. The working of this deposit is n good portion of the activity of the field. Mr. Schmidt has tlie \Valdemar mlne. He is down fi5 feet on the tungsten ledge and has opened n gold vein running parallel with tho tungsten ledge and only 35 feet away. He owns several good gold properties of proven value. He was the first recorder of the camp and is a well known old timer. Gunderson Bros. Began business here In Randsburg, about two years ago by buying out the stationery store established by Thos. McCarty. The firm is composed of Daniel and Robert Gunderson. Robert is an old timer in the camp and Dunlel has been here about five years. He. Is a member of the County Board of Education. Both of the boys came here from Minnesota and they named their group of claims the Minnesota group. There are four claims In this group and they have been worked since ]896. A great deal of money haa been tnken out. and the values are Improving. As the lower levels are reached. They also own the Josephine group, which adjoin the Minnesota group. On the Engine Room of the Yellow Aster Mill wil cai scheme, the district is a mineralized /.one that presents great opportunities." The doctor Is interested In several mining properties in other district? but unhesitatingly pronounces the RaiidKburg district tho most promising of any he knows. Wm. M. Houser On« of the well known "old timers" of tho Randsburg camp Is Wm. H. Houser, who i« engaged in freighting. He is the nominee on the Democratic ticket for supervisor, and If one can Josephine property they have sunk a shaft down 125 feet on the ledge. They are now sinking a working shaft and this will he sunk to the 400 foot level just as soon as the work can bo done. This property Is being worked by James P. Howe. The Giindersous in their store carry every thing in the way of stationery, educational books, general notions, smokers supplies, candles, and toys. They have the agency for all of the dally papers and conduct a circulating fibrary.
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