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The Bridgeport Post from Bridgeport, Connecticut • Page 6

The Bridgeport Post from Bridgeport, Connecticut • Page 6

Bridgeport, Connecticut
Issue Date:

SIX Want to Go to the Moon or Meet a Martian? Newest Space Ships May Make It Possible THE BRIDGEPORT SUNDAY POST, DECEMBER 30, 1956 Editor's Space Iravrl and racket thLps no longer confined lu driving boftrdf. EDllnftn and tcienlisti are flvins interplanetary travel strtout uioucht and detailed planning. Soon the question BOI be U1 when. By AL.TON~iTAKESI.EE NEW YORK, Dec. nuclear jets are opened wider to speed the ship to 25,000 miles per hour so it can escape from earth's pull of gravity and hurtling through space. go ft ri i vr The power plant is either an this 'passenger Toe- atomic reactor or one burning ship for a trip to Mars. 'B energy gas. The jets of gas 'shoot out nozzles and through ilots top and bottom to control direction, yaw and pitch, even let this ship hover motionless 1n Ihe air. Couldn't Stand Up Once you leave earth's gravity, the ship starts spinning slowly, to create artificial gravity. Otherwise you would be weightless, and quite startled, even uncomfortable. You'd float around in your cabin. The slightest push on the arms of your chair would features--each propel you up against the ceiling. --in a rocket Water would float out of a glass as you tried to drink it. The spinning motion, three revolutions per minute, creates centrifugal force equal to about one- it looks like a. flying saucer. It spins like a merry-go round. You actually walk on the wall, sideways to the floor but without falling is you whiz through space 25.000 miles per hour. For exercise you sit in a jouncing or vibrating chair that does all the exercising work for you. And if you like, you can visit the garden on this space ship, a garden producing the oxygen to keep you breathing. All these are with good reasoi passenger ship conceived and sketched by assistant the Chrysler Missiles Operations Lovell Lawrence, chief engineer of of Chrysler and Ihe ordinary pull of gravity ciates. Lawrence said. That's enough to enable you to get along normally. But this centrifugal force would be directed toward the outer edge of Ihe ship, toward what is ordinarily a wall on Ihe inside as Ihe 11 was drawn up not just for fun, but because it's time to begin thinking about the problems and engineering of space travel, to be ready, Lawrence and Ms assistant, Alfred Africano, explain. "Space travel is inevitable, and the only question is when," Law deal farther off than that." Vacations on the Moon In a year or so man will send little artificial moons whizzing in orbits around the earth, they radio back and tell by their flight about space will mark the first pioneering step toward human travel to the moon, Mars or other planets, or the oddest vacation excursions imaginable. The sketch, by engineers producing rocket missiles for the military, meets most requirements now known, Lawrence said. The ship is round and thin like a flying saucer, because that's a good aerodynamic design. This ship would be about 50 feet in diameter, but only six feet or so high at its outer edge, thicker in the middle housing the power plant. Lawrence doesn't believe in flying saucers, by the way. The craft has two high tail fins, for it takes off and lands like a conventional airplane. In earth's atmosphere, or another planet's it is actually a flying whig. It can take as slowly as 25 miles an hour. Then the ton ffi, PO TM ld Oxygen Created For oxygen, one or more rooms grow algae, tiny one-celled'plants which use carbon dioxide and roduce oxygen. Extreme Speed, Tragedy Mark '56 Aviation Year ALCOA'S MARKETS BROADEN GREATLY Dec. 23--(AP)-Aluminum Co. of America set a new primary aluminum production record this year and saw its markets broaden in the automotive and construction industries. In a year end statement. Alcoa President J. W. Wilson said the company 'expects to produce 750,000 tons of primary aluminum in 1956, a seven per cent increase over the previous high of last year. Wilson said an enlargement program is expected to be sufficiently completed by the end of next year to give the nation's biggest aluminum producer an nual capacity of 962,000 tons. Some of the 1957 model passenger cars utilize nearly 200 pounds of aluminum in trim and functional parts, Wilson said. He added: "the metal curtain-wall building, which Alcoa pioneered a few years ago, is gaining greater ac ceptance each month." Alco lister major improvement or expansion programs now under way or ready to start in many sections of the country. Some of the bigger projects include: Point Comfort, Rockdale Wenatchee, Mass ena, N. Lalayette, Ver non, Cressona, Dav enport, Iowa, and Alcoa, Tenn. The citizens of Bermuda stole 100 kegs of powder from the British and shipped them to Bosin the Battle of Bunker Hill General George Washington sent them a letter of thanks. snip ls on To keep down consumption of oxygen and food, a special exercising chair would keep you in trim during a long journey. You spend very little effort or oxygen while the chair does the work. You'll need this toning-up, loo. Even though you're travelling 200,000 miles per week, it still would take 9 to 12 weeks to go from earlh to Mars one way. There's another reason beside aerodynamics why Ihe ship is a thin saucer, Lawrence said. In space the temperature is absolute lero. But Ihe sun's rays are terribly intense, and heat up any solid object they strike. To reduce this temperature, the ship is tilted in space so that ils edge always faces the sun, to present the least amount of surface and avoid ovei heating. This tilt, and the ship's fins, ipn't affect the control of your 'light path in space. Far space is empty, there is no air to act on the fins or other surfaces. Dangers In Space Rooms along the outer rim of ihe ship must be pressurized. And would be comparlmented much like a Navy ship. In case i big meteorite hit, slamming in floor the ground. So inM i an artillery shell, only one space, walk and sleep on the! con ipartmenl would be decom- to be theipressed and destroyed. i Very tiny meteorites, the size of dust specks, might be most hazardous, sand-blasting the skin of the ship. Lawrence said the i WOUld a trt hf" (some mat Leld of gravity. In space, the pilot tilts his chair 'ay back when the ship artificial ns re- anlSmtat lhe mechanism ig. The ship has double outer walls, with self-sealing coatings, to halt meteorites puncturing the outermost wall. Through portholes you could see our earth shining more brilliantly than our own full moon does. You would see stars and constellations in awesome clarity iuch as no one has witnessed. Vou could see the other side of tlie moon, the side that never faces earth. How does it loot And here comes the landing on Mars What do you see? What is Jt really like. By VERN HAUGLAND WASHINGTON, Dec. 29-(AP) Aviation reached new extremes of speed and altitude and traffic volume--and disaster in flight --in 1956. The most shocking aviation accident of all--the June 30 collision of two of the newest, fastest, highest flying and "safest" airliners four miles above Ari i i founder of Bell Aircraft aviation oneer Lawrence D. Bell. The X2 flights were unofficial A new orficial nati speed record, timed by the National Aeronautic association rVr' by a Navy Charce Vou hour der at W5-4Z mile an whether staking claims on ccrlain isolaled instances is a it is rather that obvious exceptions may become not a general rule, but a national epidemic. What is abnormal about rocedure is that it is (aking place a society where divorce and i the break-up of the home constitute a national peril. The "gong steady" puts permanence at the wrong end; it hitches colls to vagons, calves to a rnilk bottle, ind puls the flower-seeds in he vase. It puts the indissoluble charcter of matrimony in the pre-mature and the re-marita! rather than in the Snd the mature. The 'till death do us part" is shifted rom marriage, where'it belongs, a "going steady" before one is steady or knows where he going. It is these "eternally de- rated" young "steadies" who lat come like soldiers firing muskets and are being raised CrouRhthe before war is declared a before war is declared and oung ujmi yvjlue UUII mistake the frosting for the cake A CHOICE IS AN ACT of the will. But every act is the will and every decision is based on knowl- had plunged in flames into the Atlantic off Asbury Park, N. J. The Grand Canyon disaster and other mid-air collisions and near misses touched off a sharp acceleration of the national program for improved air control, and produced fof the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) (he greatest one-year appropriation-75 million dollars--in its history Million for Radar The CAA. as a result, compressed into three years the 246- mllion-dollar airways modernization program it had planned to accomplish in five years, and announced as a starter a 9-million- dollar order for 23 long range radar sets. The CAA also acquired two Air Force B57 light jet bombers with which to prepare for the inauguration, in 1959, of airline jet operations. The Bell X2 rocket-powered research plane took the headline play in flight performance, only to meet a tragic end. Air Force Lt. Col. Frang Eve- erest the stainless-sleel-and nickel-alloy craft an unprecedented 1,900 miles an hour in July. A few weeks later, Capt. Iven Kincheloe took it to an altitude of 126.000 feet, much higher than anyone else had ventured 2,200 MPH and Death 27, Capt. Milburn C. in the 012,200 mile an ed by his instruments-- only to die when the machine went out of control. The accident occurred a week a long CITY LUMBER WILL BE CLOSED MONDAY, DEC. TO ALLOW OUR EMPLOYEES TO ENJOY THE LONS HOLIDAY WEEKEND Atlantic. Earth Satellite Goal This was the greatest altitude and distance yet disclosed for a missile firing. The speed, not than that for still another test vehicle, a four-stage rocket assembly fired by thn National Advisory committee for Aeronautics from Wallope Island Va to an altitude of 200 miles at speed of 104 limes the velocity of sound or about 7,000 miles an hour. Important new Air Force missile projects announced during the year were for the Martin l. "an, an intercontinental ballistic missile supplementing the previous announced Convair At- 1CB M. for the Douglas Tlior, a ballistic missile of intermediate range. Work progressed on (he Navy-supervised project Vanguard, with ils goal the launching of a small earth satellite more than 200 miles out in space, after mid-1957. New Craft Disasters There was a test drop at Eniwetok of a hydrogen bomb-and the news that the bombing airplane missed its target by a sizable margin leaked out accidentally. New aircraft continued to come to grief in spite of their promising performances. The navy's second XP6M-I Sea- master multi-jet seaplane broke apart in flight 11 months after the first XPSM was lost, late in 1955--but this lime the crew escaped. The huge Boeing B25 eight-jet Intercontinental bomber was grounded twice, after the loss of B52S in crashes in February and September. The crash of a third B52 early in December again cast a shadow over the bomber though, a few days earlier, two B52S set endurance records, flying between the U.S. and the North Pole, of up to 16,000 miles in 31 hours of continuous flying. Sweden has practically no domestic Resources of coal or oil, HEW CAR? Finance Only $4.00 a liHndred WETTENSTEIN INSURANCE AGENCY I960 MAIN BPT. EDixm 5-8IM THUM Ml. 'TIL ends, of the saucer. Whirling motion keeps cards on lato Wtood TM a City Has 4 Major Jobs Under Way as YearEnds By RUSSELL J. REDGATE 1 By RUSSELL J. REDGATE Four municipal construction projects--part of the largest auilding program in the city's history--are in progress as the of the year approaches. The biggest of the projects under way, the $1 million incinerator in the West End, has a long way to go. Begun in mid-August, is not slated for operation xin- il next fall. Scheduled for completion in about a month is the new boiler plant and employes' dormitory at Hillside Home, which, together with the installation of a passen- elevator in the existing main building, will cost about $235,000. By April 1, the fire station on lorlhern Madison avenue, near Geduldig street in the North End, robably will he ready for use. -lailed by city officials as one of the best in this section of the country, the new firehouse and ts equipment may cost more than $400,000. Possibly about the same time, $90,000 sewage pumping station will be completed on Waller road near northern Park avenue. In addition to these buildings now under construction. Mayor VIcLevy has indicated he hopes that by next summer preliminary work will begin on the new civic center in the Golden Hill street area, the heart of which will be a skyscraper City hall. Property Acquired Considerable property for the center already has been acquired )y the city, and clearing of some buildings on the Washington avenue side of the site will take place within the next few weeks. It also is likely that during 957 the Board of Education will start construction of a row elementary school, or an addition an existing school, in the West End near the P. T. Barnum apartments. The new incinerator is being erected at the foot of Bostwick avenue, just west of the West Side sewage treatment plant, by Harry Maring. of this be pro- Research corporation, of New York. H. K. Gately is the consulting engineer on Ihe Job. trash storage pit at the southerly end of the building, and the mammoth brick smoke stack at the northerly end which will rise 165 feet when finished was at the 35-foot level. Installation of equipment, in- May and will require about five month's work. The new incinerator will have a burning capacity of 300 tons each 24 hours. When it is completed, the Mayor has said that work will get under way on the renovation and enlargement of the city's present incinerator on Asylum street, which has a burning capacity of about 125 tons a day but actually operates at a A I I FIRM NAMES TOP SALESMEN A. LOUIS DEAOJT1S Five Hartford district top salesmen for Brown and Bigetow, advertisers, were honored at the firm's recent 60th Anniversary Diamond Jubilee condvention at St. Paul, Minnesota. Silver trays were awarded for their'' 1956 records. Leonard W. Kline, Hartford, was named top sales quota buster; Owen F. Moran, New Haven, new account champion; Paul Harris, Naugatuck, order champion; A. Louis DeAcu- tis, 85 Parrott avenue, volume champion; and Herbert E. Andrews, New Haven, outstanding new salesman. lower rate because of lack of storage space. Th6 Mayor told the Common Council in his annual message earlier this month that two incinerator plants will be able to handle all of the city's needs in this regard for many years to come. At Hillside Home, completion of the new, boiler plant will permit conversion from toal to oil heat. Two huge boilers are installed in the structure--immediately northeast of the main building--and there is space for two more boilers if they are needed in future years. All heating controls are automatic. The one-story, slate roof dormitory section of the new building has 18 rooms, to accommodate (hat number of employes, and is being equipped with sanitary and shower facilities. The shaft for the elevator to serve the main building basement and two upper floors already has been constructed, workers are awaiting the arrival of the elevator itself. John Zahdonella, is the general contractor for the Hillside project, with Fletcher Thompson, as the architectural firm. The firehouse rapidly nearing completion in the northwest part of the city, is located the southeast corner of Ninety Acres park, which forms a. wooded background for the structure. engines and aerial truck to be assigned to the station eventually, although the Mayor has indicated operations may be initiated next spring on a partial basis. At capacity, 42 officers and men will staff the The firehouse has the most modern appointments, Including fluorescent lighting, glazed brick interior walls in the main room, a spacious recreation room, a ceramic tile shower room, a Urge dormitory, a kitchen, a control room, officers' quarters, locker rooms, work room and stone patio. to St Plul via and were returned home At the south side of the building are public rest rooms for patrons of Ninety Acres park. At the north side, in the rear, ts a small garage space for the Park department. A large, paved driveway and parking area is at the rear of the station. Palmer Tarinelli Construc- tion company is erecting the firehouse. Jesse James Hamblin is the architect. At the extreme northwesterly corner of the city, excavation work has begun for a municipal sewage pumping station, which it normal conditions prevail may be finished in about thre months. The Turbine Equipment company, of Westfield, N. the TM' contractor. That firm lct of fiaflni, ing engineer. The pumping station is design" to improve sewerage facil' Aiiflt rm sub-let the construction contra to Henry, and Gerety, 01 Fairfield. Mr. Galley is consult- ed "I laClll- ties in that section of Bridgeport, and to serve part of the adjoining Town of Trumbull and the new Catholic high school on the west side of northern Park avenue. Last month the first of the several projects in the current municipal building program was opened to the public-the new zoo building park. Adjacent to the park greenhouse and flower gardens, the zoo building houses tropical and semi-tropical birds and animals, and also includes an attendant's 8 Costin more than it was erected by the Gellatly Construction company, with Fred C. Anderson as architect. Teens'Going Steady' By FULTON J. SHEEN OLD ADAGE stated that as a twig is bent, so ill be the tree, which being interpreted means that what the youth is in any generation, that the nation will be in next. One of the problems facing serious-minded people is (lie juvenile phenomenon of young boys and girls in ihe very early teens "going: steady." It may very well be that an affection developed in early youth will later on flower into a happy marriage. Hence the problem is not JCC'S TO MAKEAWARDS For his work cm behalf of the Hungarian Relief Fund, for the Council Key Club, Benjamin Miller will receive an award at the Third Annual Key club dinner, on Jan. 7, at the Rodeph Sholom synagogue. Mr. Miller is one of four club members who will honored at the dinner meeting on the basis of special service to the community. The Key club is a member or- the United Jewish campaign applaud the overture, ish refugees who are awh leboth Israel -North Africa. Egyp? the frostin and all Arab and communist cwn- tries. A team also was pro- the Br geport TM needed in un "P- tained by Milton Sanders. work on the Campaign, Jerome honored. An award also' given to the outstanding on Israel Bonds. evened Zt here decisions that affect the whole of life are made before one knows what' life is about. Before TM' many of them have learned to ichool is'turning a place of learn- the loving or the choice is made without knowledge. It is this kind )f mentality that has produced he thousands of suckers who iav bought the Brooklyn Bridge. 't is very much like deciding to spend all the rest of your life in a certain town, before one has ever xen out of it. Buying a cat in a bag is not good business. Young girls too must realize hat with increasing knowledge of nature their choices The young boy a girl oves at fourteen is not necessarily the one she will choose at sixteen; the choice at sixteen is not the choice at nineteen, and the choice at nineteen, if one is still unattached, is not the choice one will generally make at twenty-one. Behind all such juvenile attachements lies a confusion between the awakening of puberty and the professing of real love tetween a secretion of the adrenal gland, and a commitment to responsibility, between a feeling and a choice. Tq find one who "feels" the same way is not an act of love; it is merely an exchange of egotisms. It just would not be good practice to choose presidents without pri maries and elections, and it less wise to choose a partnei without a primary; at least we can get rid of a president after four years. A MORE NORMAL fellowship between growing boys and girls develops poise and stability and a sublimation of impulses which errant tendencies are held in check from a too precocious revelation; it inspires chivalry in the male, so that he shrinks from crushing the grape, lest he spoil the wine; it devel ops a becoming timidity in the 5ir! which makes her keep her lean to herself until after full knowledge she is ready to give in permanent exchange. This immature commitment used to be called "puppy maybe it should be so called, for those who fall for it generally end by leading a dog's life. coming 3ear will be elected and installed. S. Robert Abraham! will be the MADISON A CASCELLA'S Real ITALIAN BREAD! OPEN THURSDAY JAN. 3rd NEWEST and MOST Up-to-Date DINER ESQUIRE DINER Comer of MAIN and CONGRESS ST.

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