New Castle News from New Castle, Pennsylvania on May 1, 1978 · Page 4
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New Castle News from New Castle, Pennsylvania · Page 4

New Castle, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Monday, May 1, 1978
Page 4
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FOUR NEW CASTLE NEWS, MONDAY, MAY 1,1978 Our editorial opinion Trend to solar energy raises legal questions Dear Reader i Editorial cartoonist Lurie joins up with our team WHO HAS THE right to sunlight0 With all the current talk about solar energy for heating and with Sun Day coming up Wednesday, that is a question that is sure to arise. It is also a question that must be answered before solar energy can really develop on a large scale. The problem, according to Dr. Barry Lee Myers, assistant professor of business law in the College of Business Administration at Penn State University, is that sunlight travels through your neighbor's property before it reaches your house. "The basic physical fact that sunshine strikes the earth at an angle is the fly in the legal ointment,” Dr Myers says in an article in the Spring 1978 issue of the "Real Estate Law Journal.' Say, for example, you are the first homeowner on your block to install a solar collector for the purpose of heating your home. Your neighbor, in the meantime, plants a spread of evergreen trees on his own propertv that eventually blocks the sun from reaching your solar collector part of the day. Down goes your heating capacity for much of the day. NOW WHAT happens'.' At present, the answer isn't clear However. Dr Myers does have some suggestions on how to deal with access to solar energy in the future. "In areas where new development is taking place, especially large tract developments, planning and private contractural devices can secure and preserve the solar access," Dr .Myers believes. More difficult is the problem of access in developed areas where buildings and natural barriers may already inhibit sunlight. "This can be awkward and difficult." admits Dr. Myers. "In a residential neighborhood, since mature trees may otten tower over conventional one and two-story houses, it may be found that ordinances regulating the placement, trimming and removal of trees can solve numerous problems of access.” CHANGES IN zoning laws and building codes will also be required, he says, becuse solar collectors must be built facing in a southerly direction to operate at maximum efficiency and this will often mean building an addition on to existing dwellings. In more densely populated areas such as cities, however, the problem more often involves a taller building shading a shorter one. ‘‘The Empire State Building casts a shadow in excess of one-half mile in length at noon on Dec. 21." Dr. Myers says. One answer to the urban sunlight problem might be a legal provision to permit condemnation of roof rights to allow a low-roofed shaded structure the right to place solar collectors on a high- roofed neighbor. Sunlight. Dr. Myers believes, is a shared resource, not an individual one. and communal use of solar heat could solve many access problems. Judging from the troubles we now have with the zoning of land, one can only imagine with trepadition the problems that will occur when we start parceling out sections of air space. Dr Myers advocates that thought be given to enacting specific statutes regarding solar energy rather than relying on past or new judicial precedents relating to sunlight access. "Solar energy utilization is not an area where the dead hand from the past should rule." Dr. Myers states. ‘‘A look forward is needed to begin work on developing community (statutory) solutions to a community problem." EDITORIAL cartoonists are a horse of another color. To say their pens are dipped in sarcasm is an understatement. With a few strokes they draw blood — showing no favoritism toward politicians of either party. They can take social issues of major consequences, such as the early civil rights fight, and without using a word expose the villains who were opposed to the movement. Editorial cartoonists aren’t subtle. Some people would say they can be unfair and abusive but that usually depends on whether the cartoon is rapping a Republican president or a Democrat president who happens to be in the White House and whether the critic is of the same political faith THE CARTOONISTS often take one characteristic of a president and capitalize on it — Jimmy Carter’s smile, for example. I recall an editorial cartoon which showed that expansive smile with a few teeth missing — apparently Carter had lost some issues before Congress. Former President Richard Nixon was the target of Herblock - an editorial cartoonist who depicted Nixon in the most unflattering manner and always needing a shave. Perhaps. Herblock knew something earlier than the rest of us. LURIE’S OPINION IT - MISSED AGAIN!" TODAY we are introducing a new editorial cartoonist to our readers — one of the best — Ranan Lurie. Lurie is a craftsman in the art and he has won numerous awards for his editorial cartoons. Lurie will replace Alfred Buescher who is retiring after working for more than 40 years for King Features. Cadavers banned in tests Today's comment | “The Quick, the Dead, and the Cadaver Population." Science. The Department of Transportation has issued a stop-work order putting all work with the cadaver population into suspended animation The department has been prompted to this exercise ol its powers by Congressman John E. Moss of California. During the recent debate on air bags. Moss learned that dead bodies had been used to assess the protection afforded by the devices to passengers in car crashes He wrote to the Secretary of Transportation saving, in effect, that the department had better have good reason for its use of cadavers NEW CASTLE NEWS Owned and Published bv The News < ompam i ( orporation Published Kvers Kvening Kvcpt Sund;n 271)5 North Mercer Street because many would find such research morally offensive. The department issued 90-day stop work orders to its six contractors in mid-November, and the ban is being continued by mutual agreement until 1 July, when a review of policy will have been completed. One research contractor is at Wayne State i 'niversity. Asked what he will use instead of cadavers in crash tests. Chairman Albert I. King says "Living volunteers — but at lower g's." Wayne State uses about 10 to 20 cadavers a year in its crash test program. ' Pilgrim's Progress' lived because it's true Richard f Kent/ Jessie Treadwell Anderson J Kred Kent/ President and Publisher Vice President, Treasurer Secretar), < ieneral Manager The New ( astle News publishes a varietv ol syndicated and I'.cal columns to provide readers with different points of view Headers are encouraged to comment on material published on the editorial page with letters to The People Write Ix-onard T Kolasinski . F.verutive Kditor Jack W Hartholic Advertising and Credit Manager Bell Telephone i Prívale Kxchangei 654-6651 Want Ads 65M5U si BSCRIPTIONS Home delivery SI.05 vcekl' single priie ill On sale at all leading newsstands in Lawrence ( ountv Mail raffs in I jwrence < ountv $175 monthlv $21.00 for si* months tm an nuallv All other areas in I S.A $4 75 monthlv $27.00 for six months. $51 (HI annuallv Foreign rates on request , Í 2nd (lass Postage paid at New ( astle, Pa. IfilO.I The world is not as well mapped as once thought. Landsat satellite pictures have revealed new lakes in Iran and uncharted islands in Brazilian rivers, National Geographic reports. Now you know By United Press International Only one man is known to have been lynched twice — "Hoach" Simpson, who shot a banker in Skidoo. Calif., in 1905. A reporter arrived too late for the first lynching, so obliging townsfolk exhumed the body and did il again Wave after wave JOHN BUNVAN .was a common man lumpy with talent, and he believed that talent is a gift from God to be used for Godly purposes. So 300 years ago this spring he published “Pilgrims Progress." No book since the Bible has had a circulation comparable to Bunyan’s novel about Christian's adventures in the Slough of Despond, Vanity Fair. Doubting Castle (inhabited by Giant Despair and his wife. Diffidence), and with the likes of Messrs. Hate-light, Live-loose, and Worldly-wiseman from the town of Carnal Policy. There was no mass market or distribution system for books then, but 100,000 copies were sold by the time Bunvan died in 1688. It has been translated into more than 100 languages and dialects, often for missionaries. It has followed the Bible “from land to land as the singing bird follows the dawn.” Bunyan was in English prisons off and on for 12 years, and wrote “Pilgrim's Progress” while serving a sentence for unlicensed preaching. The book was a continuation of his offense by other means. He was opinionated, upcompromising and articulate. He would have been at home among the protestant pilgrims in Massachusetts. Indeed, just three years after this book was published in England, an edition appeared in New England. The novel was part of Lincoln’s formative reading. Huckleberry Finn noted the books on a table in a house he visited: “One was a big family Bible full of pictures. One was 'Pilgrim's Progress,' about a man that left his family, it didn't say why. I read considerable in it now and then. The statements was interesting, but tough.” No book other than the Bible did more to shape the American sensibility; no book better expressed the national idea of mission. a rage to journey toward the perfection of a City on a Hill. “PILGRIM’S PROGRESS” has been called the last book * written without a thought for the reviewers. It was written in the plainest English ever used by a writer of the first rank, and it heralded the dawn of a day when books would be written for persons other than scholars. Its popularity waned in the 18th century; it was not an Age of Reason book. It is rarely read today: All is slackness and laissez-faire in matters of morals, so there is little interest in a book written to lead the erring to righteousness. There is a whininess to much modern literature, which (a critic has said) portrays man more as a pirsoner than a pilgrim,^ a passive victim of “society” or “history” or other vast, impersonal forces. But Bunyan insisted that life is a succession of free choices, and that the stakes in the choices are. literally, infinite. No other novel is so determindly didactic, or has been read so often by people who came to it for entertainment rather than instruction. Its rival for the rank of greatest English allegory is George Orwell’s “Animal Farm.” The 17th century’s most compelling anxieties concerned religion; the 20th century’s concern politics, and especially the totalitarian temptation to treat politics as a religion. The word “improvement” is too mushy to express what Bunyan had hoped his book would help readers achieve. The correct word is "salvation.” But ‘‘Pilgrim’s Progress’’ was, in a sense, a precursor of today’s “self-improvement” books. Today millions seek serious guidance from “I’m OK. You’re OK” and “Your Erroneous Zones" and "Looking Out for No. 1” and "Winning Through Intimidation.” You should tremble for your country when you see how the times, and ideas of seriousness and improvement, have changed. BUNYAN PENETRATED the husk of manners to describe man’s inner life. Christian abandoned his family to seek the Celestial City, and his story expresses a psychological insight recently reacquired with much fanfare: Many of life’s most unsettling “passages” occur in the middle of life. Many people do not believe that either trumpets or flames are at the end of each human journey. But they can share this much of Bunyan’s vision, as C. S. Lewis expressed it: “The choice of ways at any crossroad may be more important than we think and ... shortcuts may lead to very nasty places.” “Pilgrim's Progress” has endured for the best of reasons: It is true. — George F. Will M^AnsweiJ Friendships should be open DEAR DR. GRAHAM: Does a real friend offer advice to someone, even at the risk of losing their friendship? — P. B. DEAR P. B.: All literature abounds in concrete examples of friendship. Notable among these are instances in the Old Testament. Abraham, because of the intimacy of his relationship, was called the “friend” of God. ‘‘But thou, Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend” (Isaiah 41:8). Exodus 33:11 tells us that “the Lord spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend.” But now, regarding how candid you should be with your friend, I would suggest you be absolutely truthful, within the bounds of kindness and friendly concern. Truth is no Let's try All-in-Common quiz for a change i* XIN6 fFATUPC-S WE HAVEN’T exercised our little gray cells for quite a while, so here is a somewhat harder than average word-quiz called “All-in-Common.” All of the five items in each entry have a common characteristic. If you can identify one-quarter of them, hold your head up high. 1. Grassman’s Law, Dahl’s Law. Darmesteter’s Law, Grimm’s Law, and Verner’s Law. 2. Cat’s Paw, Carrick Bend, Wall and Crown, Sheepshank, and Single Diamond. 3. Embracery, Champerty, Chantage, Maintenance, apd Jactitation. 4. Blindstop, munting, parting, bead, and stool. 5. Diane Crump, Barbara Jo Rubin, Robvn Smith, Mary Bacon, and Terri Doyne. 6. Hittites Canaanites, Philistines, Elamites, and Edomites. 7. Puccini’s “Turandot,” Mozart’s “Requiem, The Mystery of Edwin Drood, Denis Duval,” and ‘‘The Last Tycoon.” 8. Trader Horn, Sugar Ray Robinson, Mary Pickford, Dale Evans and Mona Barrie. 9. Whip, gong, tam-tam, claves, and tabor. 10. “The Happy Land,” “The Mountebanks,” ‘‘The Palace of Truth,” “Pygmalion and Calatea,” and ‘‘Fallen Fairies.” 11. Brandenburg, Mandelbaum, Spassky. Chester, and Flaminian. 12. Squash blossoms, waterfall, beehive, bird’s nest, and hedgehog. ANSWERS: 1. In linguistics, laws explaining changes in language. 2. All are sailor’s knots. 3. Legal misconduct or offenses against the law. 4. All are parts of the ordinary sash window. 5. Women jockeys on U. S. racetracks. 6. Enemies qf the Hebrews in the Old Testament. 7. Works of music and literature left unfinished at death. 8. All were originally named “Smith.” 9. All are percussion instruments. 10. Plays by W. S. Gilbert, written without Sullivan’s music. 11 Famous gates to cities in Germany, Palestine, Russia, England and Italy. 12. Hair-styles at different periods. —Sydney J. Harris Everybody is vulnerable as a subject for Lurie’s pen and imagination but particularly are the high and the mighty and the powerful his unwilling victims. Maybe that’s the penalty for achieving. Not much is sacred to an editorial cartoonist except, to the best of my recollection, matters of religion. I can’t recall an editorial cartoon panning that segment of society. I’M A word mechanic and I know the difficulty of turning out a brilliant phrase or two which captures a reader’s attention. Thus, I respect and admire the editorial cartoonist who has to turn out a visual comment day-after-day or several times a week which immediately attracts the eye and stimulates the mind. Other cartoonists can develop a theme through several panels — not so the cartoonist who turns to the editorial page. He usually creates in one panel. Lurie joins a team of editorial cartoonists whose work we buy from the Copley News Service. We hope you’ll enjoy his commentary in art. — Len Kolasinski less truth because it may be delayed in its communication. Sometimes an immediate sharing of the truth might cause harm or misunderstanding. Friendship thrives on an open relationship, free of hypocrisy and ulterior motives. Proverbs 27:17 puts it well in saying, “Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend,” or “Wounds from a friend are better than kisses from an enemy!” (Proverbs 27:6, The Living Bible). Bible scholars have always identified the Proverbs statements in 18:24 with Jesus Christ (“there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother”). If through faith you have that friendship, He’ll help you with every other one. —Billy Graham The attorney general can be valuable GOV. MILTON J. Shapp has reluctantly signed into law a bill that will implement the proposed constitutional amendment providing for the election instead of appointment of Pennsylvania’s attorney general. At the same time, Shapp called for the defeat of the constitutional amendment, which will be on the May 16 Primary ballot for ratification. The governor talked at length about his philosophy of the attorney general’s responsibilities. And in doing so, he gave some clues as to why his attorney generals have done such a lousey job. He said that Pennsylvania’s attorney general'* chief responsibility is not criminal prosecution. That responsibility, Shapp said, has traditionally rested with local prosecutors. “The most important duty to Pennsylvania’s attorney general is to act as legal counsel for the chief executive and his ad- ministraion,” the governor said in a statement. “The attorney general is responsible for dispensing legal advice to the various departments, boards and commissions in the executive branch, and to work closely with the governor himself.” It must be stressed that this is only Shapp’s interpretation of the attorney general's responsibilities. There are others. THE ATTORNEY general can be much more than a mouthpiece for the bureaucracy and chief administrator of the state’s prison system. He is the state’s chief law enforcement officer and many believe the enforcement of laws — particularly with respect to major crimes, political corruption and organized crime — should be a top priority, too. During Shapp’s two terms as governor, his attorney generals have concentrated on being legal advisers and the mobsters and government crooks have been nearly forgotten. Or maybe ignored. During this same period, Pennsylvania has become, by all accounts, a haven for organized crime and political corruption. This is partly because state needs stronger laws to help authorities battle mobsters and government crooks, such as wiretapping, immunity, corporate disclosure and a statewide grand jury. It is partly because the attorney general was reluctant to use — or, according to Shapp’s philosophy, wasn’t supposed to use — the tools already at his disposal to fight organized crime and political corruption. And it is also because local prosecutors and police are often not competent to handle and usually do not have the resources to handle major criminal cases. For example, a young parttime prosecutor has told a House investigating committee that he doesn’t have the time or resources to prosecute a major land fraud case brought in the Poconos. This would be a perfect job for an attorney general who also acted as a prosecutor in major cases. THERE OUGHT to be a statewide agency under the attorney general’s control to investigate and prosecute organized crime. We do have the Crime Commission, but it has no powers to prosecute and there’s no statewide grand jury. Shapp also said he opposes an elected attorney general because the first thing an elected attorney general does is begin running for governor. The governor may be right. But political ambition can sometimes produce impressive government performances. Shapp’s first four-year term was productive because he wanted to run for re-election. He’s not running for re-election now, and his second term has been undistinguished. Auditor General Robert Casey built a reputation as a clean, competent, efficient state auditor general during his two terms. Now he has a good platform on which to run as governor. Auditor General A1 Benedict is also, ambitious. He would like to run for governor, maybe four years from now. Benedict has put many political hacks on his payroll. He’s trying to gain power in the Democratic State Committee by having his own people run for posts on the committee. But, probably because he’s got so many political appointees on his payroll, Benedict hasn’t built the same reputation as Casey had. And the voters should be able to tell the difference. -David A. Milne

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