The Knoxville News-Sentinel from Knoxville, Tennessee on October 12, 1945 · 2
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The Knoxville News-Sentinel from Knoxville, Tennessee · 2

Knoxville, Tennessee
Issue Date:
Friday, October 12, 1945
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p i 5 i if ?! ! y it I k Page 2 v rmw Congress Roundup— Senate Told II S Will to 4-Power WASHINGTON Oct 12— Chair-man Tom Connally (D Tex) o the Senate Foreign Relation Committee says this government ha not — and will rot — agree to four- ‘ power control ol Japan a proposed by Soviet Russia ‘ He told the Senate that Secre ' tary of State Byrnes had proposed establishment only of an Allied commission to aerve in an “advis- ory” capacity on the occupation of Japan Byrnes - appeared before Connally’a committee Monday an! gave the inside tory of the failure of the London Foreign Ministers Conference Connally made his statement after Sen Kenneth S Wherry (R Neb) cited a news dispatch reporting that Gen' Douglas Mac- Arthur would resign a command- er of occupation forces if Allied control was imposed Byrne told a news conference that the United States was bound in good faith to continue the present arrangement because it was the one set forth in surrender terms with Japan He said that one of the important jobs for the Far East Advisory Commission would be to recommend a long range policy for Japan Meanwhile Canada and Australia became the first and second nations respectively to accept the U S invitation to attend the first meeting of the Far East Advisory Commission here Oct 23 'Anti-Strike Plans Draw Congress Support BAMwaMrmM WASHINGTON Oct 12— Strong aupport developed in Congress today for new anti-strike legislation - Prominent legislators of both parties told a reporter after I sharply-worded House speech yesterday by Rep Robertson (D tVa) that they want: 1 Repeal of the gmlth-Connal-ly War Labor Dispute Aet which permit strike If union vote In "favor of them - 2 New legislation to make la ")£ or unions and employers “mutually responsible” for observance of contracts Chairman May (D Ky) of the House Military Committee said in an interview he favor such action and added: "I want to hold hearing on it as soon as possible “Also I’m personally in ‘favor Of specifying that either an employer or a union which won’t submit to arbitration should have its bargaining rights taken away” Not Partisan Matter Rep Arends (R 111)' minority party House whip said in t nother interview: “This is not a partisan matter - Congress and the people both want something done soon to halt - strikes One piece of helpful legis lation would be to put employers and employes on an equal basis so they both had to assume responsibility for keeping their word” ’ ’ Many other legislative leaders questioned echoed similar views Bills to repeal the Smith-Con-rially measure already have been introduced by Reps Howard Smith (D Va) one of the original authors and Rep Harness (R- Ind) an Influential GOP lawmaker May’s military committee handled the original measure hence would hold hearings on its repeal Need Mutual Responsibility Applause greeted Robertson’s House speech in which he as serted: “Selfishness is rearing its ugly head to mar the picture pf reconversion' "la the face of our desun to help z-tlabor labor is going on strike “We have put all the power of Government behind any union demand to make corporation live -3 up to its contract but have not 5 put any legal responsibility on ? unions xx x ' 1 “If we are to avoid labor fric- tlon that may hinder and possibly s defeat successful reconversion the 1 Wagner Labor Relations Aet should be amended to provide for r mutuality of responsibility be-: tween employes and employers” Robertson said in an interview ' later he believed repeal of the Smith-Conn ally Act and the adoption of a mutually respon- sible” measure could be handled in one bill - - - ’ 1 V- i Fever Giving All Vets Educational Opportunity " 'w ASHIN GTON Oct 12— World War II veterans : egardless of age soon may have a chance to go back to school with Uncle Sam paying at least part of their bills Senator Edwin C Johnson (D - Colo) told a reporter today he : favors eliminating the present age limit of 25 years and letting all veterans share In educational pro-' visions of the so-called GI Bill of Rights - - “Everybody both In end out of r Congress seems - to agree” he added' r v ‘ v Johnson s comments came alter i half a dozen witnesses told - the - Senate’s special veterans commit- tee that present Government pay- ments for education are too low The Coloradoan is chairman of the Senate group which continued its hearing today - Would Use US 'Force' To Preserve Peace Of Called WASHINGTON Oct 12— Rep Herman P Koppleman(D Conn) has introduced a resolution to authorize the American representative on the United Nations Security Council to pledge the use of U S armed forces to “suppress threats to the peace” The bill provides that the U S representative would act only after consulting the President It also stipulates that the use of U S armed forces in any international police action would not constitute -w Want Ads 3 3121 Control for an actual declaration of war Under the measure the U S representative would have the rank of ambassador and would receive an annual salary of $17500 Other congressional developments: The Senate approved the nomination of Watson B Miller as Federal Security Administrator He succeeds Paul V McNutt tVould Raise Penalty Sen William Langer (R N D) introduce a bill to raise the penalty for violating the Sherman Anti-Trust Act to 50 years in prison and $100000000 fine The maximum penalty- now is one yesr and $5000 fine Rep Everett M Dirksen (Rf 111) introduced a bill to establish 10 veterans universities to train physically handicapped veterans who cannot take advantage of the educational provisions of the Gl Bill Of Rights McKeough Approved for Maritime Commission By AMOfiftted Piww WASHINGTON Oct 12— Pres LaFollette Maintains Calm in Shirt Factory Labor Row By LOUIS HOFFERBERT News-Sentinel Staff Writer ' LA FOLLETTE Oct 12— If this town is wracked by labor troubles it certainly doesn’t show on the surface A visit here discloses a peaceful normal East Tennessee town going about its daily business without a sign of internal strain Nobody talks about the flare-up earlier in the week when labor pickets reportedly representing UMW District 50 which seeks membership of the some 700 women and girls employed in La Follette’s two shirt factories barred employes from returning to "their work It was a brief flare-up and half of this town 1 apparently still doesn’t know that it happened And the ones Who do know about it aren’t saying anything Factories Are Closed The two shirt factories the La Follette Shirt Co which employs about 450 and the Southeastern Shirt Co which employs about 250 are closed but it is "reported” they will reopen next Monday morning As far as the labor difficulty is concerned La Follette maintains a most unusual silence Neither side doing any talking There is evidence here now that the District 50 organizers are active and dur-ng a four-hour visit not one man was found who would say that he even knew Pat McCufley head of the District 50 group Union Hall Is Deserted -The same queer silence prevails on the other side The union hall of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers (CIO) which holds a closed-shop contract with both of the shirt factories was deserted None could be found who would say they knew' where Mrs Eula McGill head of the CIO group could be found' Repeated Inquiries at first brought only shrugs and noncommittal answers such as “Mrs McGill? Oh I guess she’s around” Or “I’ve been looking for her myself” Finally one woman replied by asking “Do you mean any harm to her?” After being assured that no Farmer Wants Special To Ths Wowo-Bentlocl OAK RIDGE Qct 12 — A Newport Ark farmer appears to have jumped the gun on the commercial value of Oak Ridge’s famous atomic oower Under date of Oct 8 Joshua DumnUns addressed a letter to the Atomic Bomb Company Oak Ridge Tenn which reads “Gentleman: “I have some stumps in my field that I would j like to blow out Have you got any atomic bombs the right size for the job? If you have let me know by return mail and let me know how much they will cost I think 1 would like them better than dinymite” The letter was delivered with dispatch to Tennessee Eastman Corp one of the companies having a big hand in the manufacture of the atomic bomb An official of th'e company did not' Rice Pillows and Trucks Loaded With Gas Generators Illustrate 'Wacky' Tokyo Life By FRANK H BARTHOLOMEW United Pres Msfl Correspondent rpOKYO “WACKY — GO -ROUND” Oct 12— Our pillows at the Hotel Dai Iti Shich were popularly believed filled with sand But I slit mine open and found it was only rice This hotel -taken over by the Army for the headquarters staff and correspondents is the central point for the mad world we live in - - t Japanese firemen apologize for coming to put out a fire — arriving too late anyway The telephone operators ring vigorously for five minutes and when you finally can break in and shout “hello” - you are blandly informed: “Your telephone is ringing” A seven-piece ' Japanese orchestra playing Spanish music singers working over "Oh Susanna” in Japanese and several other odd habits are indicative of the Japanese way of life today i 0 Japanese Are ‘Game WHATEVER else they think of the Japanese correspondents agree they are a game race Living amid shambles and chaos of their capital city the Japanese have not yet been heard to utter one complaint Oar hotel meals are Improving The er of "rubber” hash wrapped in defunct cabbage leaves Is past Last night’s fried chicken dinner topped with Ice cream was net bad— for 25 cents Not when yon consider the quart THE KNOXVILLE NEWS-SENTINEL Not Agree Japan ident Truman has the Senate's 42-to-34 OK today on the contested nomination of Raymond S McKeough as a member of the Maritime Commission In a new demonstration that legislators don’t like to say “no” to a presidential appointment the Senate yesterday confirmed the former Illinois congressman for a six-year term Chief objection to McKeough stemmed from his job as regional director of the CIO’s Political Action Committee in Illinois Wisconsin and Indiana during the fourth term campaign of the late President Roosevelt AFL President William Green sent senators telegrams urging McKeough’s rejection Democratic National Chairman Robert E Hannegan reportedly called some asking for confirmation Such southerners as Sens Byrd (D Va) and George (D Ga) who don’t like the CIO influence in politics joined with seven other Democrats and 25 Republicans in voting against McKeough Thirty-nine Democrats two Republicans and a Progressive supported confirmation harm was intended to Mrs McGill the woman pointed out the union head’s residence It was just across the street from the deserted union hall But Mrs McGill wasn’t at home nobody knew where she was when she left or when she would return Inquiries at the shirt factories were equally fruitless An unidentified but pleasant voice at the La Follette Shirt Co reported that the plant “probably” would operate on Monday No other information The background of the labor dispute is about as vague as the rest The District 50 men have claimed that the UMW affiliate now represents a majority of the women who work in the two factories They have suggested that they be recognized as bargaining agent And there is no doubt that many of the women workers have signed membership cards with UMW District 80 The husbands - fathers sons or other relatives of many of the women are miners and thus members of the UMW - The UMW claims the shirt factory workers are “dissatisfied” With' Working conditions Under the Amalgamated Clothing Workers contract and that many of them have sought the UMW group to represent them The Amalgamated on the other hand Insists everything was o k until the District 50 organizers attempted to “take over” the two organized plants in a purely jurisdictional labor row What will happen If the plants do reopen next Monday? Nobody knows here And nobody seems to care very much A-Bombs To of beer and that orchestra playing Spanish tunes The hotel is now socially “stratified” A screened-off corner of the dining room is marked “colonels only” So exclusive is it that even the colonels rarely eat with each other at the same tables' In the world outside Japanese women line up by the hundreds for food at ration stores But both men and women line up by the thousands in queues three blocks long in front of movie houses Typhoons frequently bring down trolley wires So when the wire is in danger of falling the street cars put up the trolley poles at both ends of the car as additional support Sanitation Ideas Primitive rpHE Japanese male’s idea of open-air sanitation is ex-tremely primitive An occasional corrective treatment of boots applied to pants seats by outraged GI’s is correcting this Our hotel caught fire the other night The guests put out the blaze Thirty minutes later a mighty wail of sirens electrified the night air signalizing the approach of the metropolitan fire department at the reckless speed of eight miles an hour Sweet potato gasoline provides' this maximum speed American sentries stopped the firemen and the Japanese bowed low doffed their helmets and begged permission to fight the conflagration Okinawa Look Like War Again Island Is Shambles From 132-Mile Wind 3 Dead 10 Missing By Associated frex Okinawa today was a shambles-reminiscent of its recent battle-ravaged litter — reduced by a 132-mile typhoon that killed three American Navy personnel left 10 sailors missing and more than 100 Yank soldiers injured and sank damaged or beached 127 naval vessels The typhoon which struck Okinawa Tuesday after having twisted 150 miles to the southwest for 24 hours swept northward to kill at least 60 Japanese flood 8000 houses wash away 81 bridges and leave many thousands homeless in central and southern Honshu' Fifty Superfortresses from the Marianas delivered 284 tons' of food to the 150000 troops on Okinawa today Approximately twice that t amount will 'be transported to them during the next three days by bombers - from Guam Next Week deliveries will be made from Saipan Food Stocks Destroyed Parked airplanes were - rolled about by the typhoon the Island’s food stocks were nearly all destroyed and hospital patients had a nightmarish time throughout the hours of darkness Official reports listed these casualties and damage on Okinawa: Three Navy men killed and 10 missing One hundred soldiers injured Four Japanese prisoners of war killed Five small naval vessels sunk Fifty-two ships (presumably small) and 70 other naval auxiliaries of all types beached on Okinawa’s reefs Shore installations including dock facilities extensively damaged - - - First incomplete reports from Tokyo listed this havoc on Honshu: Sixty-nine killed 8000 homes flooded 81 bridges washed out and many thousands homeless - More than 1000 acres of land washed out and many thousands flooded by heavy rains which accompanied the typhoon increasing the nation’s already critical food problem Communications Wrecked Heavily damaged communica tions on both Okinawa and Honshu hampered attempts to get complete reports on casualties and damage There were fears that the Navy casualties on Okinawa fmight be increased by later reports - In Washington yesterday' fhe reported that a far les$ sY£re typhoon on Sept 16-18 sank four motor minesweepers with casualties of 89 officers and men dead or missing REAR ADMIRAL DIES By AnociaM Pres WASHINGTON Oct 12— Rear Admiral Thomas Marcus Molloy 71 who went on permanent retirement from the U S Coast Guard three days ago died yesterday after a short illness Blast Stumps 4 know what the exact answer to the Arkansas farmer would be but he was quite positive that th'e inquirer would be advised that stump-removing- atomic bombs were not yet ready for the commercial market As to the price a rough calculation indicated that the prospective Arkansas atomic bomb purchaser probably could not afford to remove his stumps the easy way Two bomb are known to have been made at a cost of some two billion dollars and simple arithmetic places the cost of an- atomic bomb at about a billion dollars Nobody here knows definitely but chances are a Stump-eliminating A-bomb wouldn’t-cost quite that much That presupposes that the Arkansas farmer’s stump field wasn’t as large as either Hiroshima or Nagasaki Scores of correspondents and officers leaned om of windows to cheer lustily The sentries however stubbornly refused to let the firemen in on the grounds that (1) the fire already was out (2) if it wasn’t the hotel would have been burned down by this time anyway and (3) the surrounding ruins on all sides were a poor recommendation for the effectiveness of the fire brigade Trucks Illustrate Logic fpHE disappointed fire laddies climbed back aboard their ancient equipment started their howling sirens and chugged off into the night— leaving behind clouds of distilled sweet potato smoke The local brand of' logic Is typically shown by the fleet of baby Austin pickup fruckg running around town with (he entire truck body taken up by charcoal gas producing apparatus No one has yet figured out what constitutes a "pay load” A philosophical Yank truck driver summed it all up in blue chalk on the side of his cab with the inscription: “The world is mad” MOTORS & CHASSIS STEAM CLEANED Alexander Tiro Co sss vr tat Bag Ml) MM Tune in at 990 on Your Dial— -Hear it on WNOX — Read it in The CO Sets Nation's Highest Honor t' A ' —Acme Telephoto President Truman awards the Congressional Medal of ponor to Cpt Desmond T Doss of Lynchburg? Ya only conscientious objector ever to receive the award Doss earned the award while serving os a medical corpsman with the 77th Division on Okinawa - - ’ W V Medal of Honor Winner Says Feat Was Miracle Conscientious Objector Pfc Desmond Doss Gives God Credit for Unit Winning Battle of 400-Foot Escarpment on Okinawa By EULALIE McDOWELL United Press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON Oct 12 — Slowly the time went by until there Were just 60 seconds before his battalion must start it3 “suicide job” on Okinawa So Pfc Desmond T Doss of Lynchburg Va first conscientious objector to wiji the Congressional Medal of Honor said a prayer — a prayer that every man be “prepared to meet his maker’ ' ‘ ' "And I believe every man was ready for death” 8aid the 26-year-old medical corpsman whose bravery in aiding his wounded buddies won him the nation’s highest award for valor Doss was one of 15 servicemen who were in the nation’s capital today to receive the Medal of Honor personally from Prfesident Truman in ceremonies at the White House With his wife Dorothy at his side Doss sat in his hotel room here to tell of the tense moments before his outfit began a bloody assault on a 400-foot Jap-held escarpment on Okinawa Leads Company In Prayer “One minut before we started” he said “I litutGrit if I could lead the company In prayer I realized we had a suicide job “The lieutenant said I could so we all knelt there in prayer” What was his prayer? “With one-half minute to go I asked that God give the lieutenant the wisdom and understanding of how to give his orders That he would realize lives were at stake Then I prayed for the men and myself — that God would give us wisdom in how to take all safe precautions necessary and to come back alive if it be Ills wilL “I also prayed that every man be prepared to meet his maker before he went up that ladder and I believe every man was ready for death as he climbed the ladder” The prayer ended the men stormed the jagged escarpment to meet murderous fire from Jap artillery Doss Remains In Open -Seventy-five casualties were immediately inflicted but Doss refused to seek cover He stayed in the area and carried the wounded to the edge of the escarpment lowering them by a means of a rope litter Doss who said he would rather be known as a non-combatant soldier rather than a conscientious objector brushed aside the many glowing accounts of his heroism “The newspapers bring out what I did” he said “I like to bring out what God did It was one of God’s miracles that we could take that escarpment” Guard Plans Rifle Meet More than 100 officers and non-coms of the Third Regiment State Guard will participate in- an allday rifle meet at John Sevier range near Fountain City beginning at 8 a m Sunday The participants of a dozen upper East Tennessee towns as far as Mountain City 'and Bristol completed their preliminary marksmanship school at Camp' Gleason Kingsport Sept 15-16 CHILDREN RETURNING By Amocisted Frm TOKYO Oct 12 — Approximately 95000 of the 110000 school children evacuated from Tokyo during the war to escape American bombings will be returned to the capital by mid-November Domei Agency reported lilii V!i ijMWi' WT) 1! 1 1 fli iTiTt i wTr il M ' - i f ? m: ©0 U-T Plans Visual Education Series U-T and other Tennessee col leges next toionth will conduct a Series of visual education conferences to assist teachers and school administrators to a better understanding of the use and availability of educational sound films “it- was a n nounced to- day M a j Dennis Williams U S Signal Corps P hot ographic Center New Y ork will speak at the five conferences throughout the state Dates and sites are Nov 5 at Memphis State College Nov 6 at Austin Peay State College Clarksville Nov 7 U-T Junior College Martin Nov 8 Tennessee Polytechnic Institute Cookeville and Nov 9 University of Chattanooga ' Maj Williams- native of Little Rock set up the film distribution system for the War Department and spent many months In the European and African area Another speaker will be J E Arnold school and community specialist of the U-T Extension Division who will talk on “Utilization of Classroom Films” Another will be Dr Orin B Graff U-T Department of School Administration and Supervision TURKEY ‘CROP IS GOOD By United Press NASHVILLE Oct 12— Tennessee’s 1945 turkey crop outlook is bright It is estimated that there are 200000 birds this year an increase of five per cent over 'last year Fred McCampbell ay : PLENTY of CHALLEUGED FEED Chick Starter Chick Scratch Broiler Mash Laying Mash Dairy Feed Fred filcCainpbell FEED STORE - Quality and Service J Dial 6-3219 Located at Smithwood 3f IFav News-Sentinel Mps Can Spsali Freely but May Be Unable To Eat A 4 - Cabinet Ends Curbs Dissolves Naval HQ Famine Threat Grows By RALPH TEATSORTII VUM rrM Staff CrrwpodMl TOKYO Oct 12— The new Japanese cabinet abolished all restrictions on freedom of speecu and assembly today and completed the dissolution of home naval and air fleet headquarters In compliance with American directives Free speech and free assembly were restored to the Japanese people through repeal of the so-called peace preservation laws The cabinet also abolished laws setting up fortified zones within' the home islands The cabinet at it meeting today also abolished the council set up by the HIgashi-Kuni government to investigate revision of the Japanese diet system The cabinet as a-whole will assume the task under Premier Baron Shidehara Would Obtain' More Salt It also trimmed another $133-360000 from -the original budget estimate on railways and 22 other extraordinary -accounts Altogether the present end past governments have slashed $206000-000 from estimates for the current fiscal yesr because of Japan’s surrender The government asked MacAr-thur’s headquarters for - permission to convert two naval airdromes into pits for production of salt among the short food items in Japan It also asked that ships bringing repatriated troops from four Chinese and Korean porta be permitted to load 210000 tons of salt there for ballast ’ Rice Shortage Looms The newspaper Asahl said other serious food shortages also were confronting the government It estimated that the Japanese rice crop cut by typhoons and rains might fall to 10000000 bushels compared With the all-time previous low of £0200000 bushels last year Asahl said the Japanese should have at' least 12900000 bushels for mere subsistence Rains also damaged the sweet potato crop on which the government had been depending as a substitute for rice The National Agricultural Society estimated that the Japanese people will be forced to exist on a daily diet of only 950 to 1200 calories teif capita SPANIARDS TO VOTE By tlnltMl Ftms MADRID Oct 12 — Municipal elections will be held throughout Spain in March the first open election in this country since Generalissimo Francisco Franco came to power it was announced of-fically today - — — l x Si l i FtA Personna Blade Co Inc 599 Madison Friday October 12 1945 Escaped Death- WAYt U fig) PtHltno tlhebeth Rupp 34 of $ fro : wo 4oand ihkomcsm Is m re wm of New York's Hotel Governor Clinton elenftMe Ike lilelntt body c t U (jg) Jekt Gerold Mooney 37 ol Washington D C folke sold both hod apparently taken os everdoee at sedative- POW Kin Relief Group Disbanding A Knoxville organization will disband Sunday — but its 200 mem-' bers couldn’t think of anything else they had rather do There’s no further need for the Prisoner of War Relatives Association The fighting sons of the 200 members have been liberated from prison camps ' President W M Stipes made the announcement today saying the final meeting of the associa- " tlon would be held at 2 p m Sunday at the YMCA The president la happy about the end of the 2-year-old association too His brother Pfc Moses F Stipes Corrytort Route 3 Is speeding home from Hawaii after his liberation from a camp In Japan Since the association’s September meeting sortie 28 Knoxville area prisoners-of-war have been liberated All-American captives are free again' now - - GOT A BOIL? 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