New York Daily Herald from New York, New York on November 5, 1859 · 2
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New York Daily Herald from New York, New York · 2

New York, New York
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Saturday, November 5, 1859
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mid Thatcher, Ralph and John S. Cook, Holmes and Kagi, wo believe; 1'hilhps aud Redpsth. Hinton and Conway. Tlu> Looumptou constitution iwoif was next mule the pretext for bringing on war. Whoever Is able to cull up the incidents of the 22d and ftJd of Oec unber Convention, lield in Ij?wreuco, will be able to comprehend that to which we allude. "Brown's Cellar Kitchen Convention," ns Thacher and his associates branded the aifur, foiled them m their plans; but thuu came ou the dUUoultioa at Fort Hcott, inaugurated by the leaders la ail tbosft revolu tionary movements, and backed up by Jim Lane, Old Jehu Brown, Rodpath, Phil 11 pa, and all that cla&s of persons. Ihett u>ai o ganiied the. tec ret, oath bound, leajiM, IK,object o/ iohich was to murder, in oold blood, eoeru ojjk-r fleeted tinder the Leampto* comtitution, bt he a free State man or otherwue. The password to that secret organization was Lane. The. wM* plw n of nssnmnrUiim, of relayt of hones for the executioners, Oc., are in the possession </ good mm m Lamenoe., and have been for a, long period. Bat there wu a peaceful adjustment of all these nutters, because Oougrena did not give legal sanction to the Lecompton Bwludlo. OU John Brown, with his minions, who opened the bloody issue in Kansas by murdering the tlvo hoads of families on Pottawattamie Creek, at midnight, on the '25111 of May, 1850, appeared and took charge of tha marauding forces. They attempted to make the whole population of Missouri rosponbible for tho horrid murder near Chatf *au's Trading Post. Ilrown was in constant Intercourse with men in the Kaat, who declared on the stump, and Inall their published porrespondence, that their "only hjpo of abolishing slavory in the United States lay through revolution aud from them he received funds from time t<j tisse in proseouliou of his war schemes. When Mont Jtomory discovered Brown A Co. 'a plans of revolution, to his credit be it said, be protested, and inconsequ?uc*or their "Quarrel, probably, moro than anything olso, the latter made a brilliant coup d'itat into Missouri, kill*! Crew> took his slaves and made s forced uuroh to Canada, receiving any amount of "aid and comfort'' from bis cohorts aloug the route. * * * * Their next point of attack was Virginia. Eli Thayer, ol Massachusetts, had projected a peaceful demonstration to the people of that State of tho advantage* of educated fres labor over slave labor, and had located a colony there, which was in sucoessfoi operation, and was win ning golden opinions by its quiet, orderly action. Be Old Brown and his sympathizes, who only saw "through revolution the end ot American slavery," marchM inn the State, hired h farm in the vicinity of Harper's Kerry, and there projected their iniquitous work ? the exciting of a servile insurrection. But Brown did not go alone. John 15. Ooek, wbo tlgured so conspicuously with tho do nothings in Kansas, wa* with him, and was hit* "right l?ow?r. " Kagi was his "left," whilst Coppie, Hazzlett, Anderson and Evans, of Jay hawking notoriety, were prominent actors. Whether ReUpath was there wo are not advised; !>ttt their sympathizers und co-operators in Kansas wore posted in nil iho movements of these men, and but a skorl time before Ow breaking out iff the diJficuUy at U'irptr'i ferry, some of them wsre trying to h\re money in Lauiren-sc With tohien to pay their rxpenw* to the srens of contemplate!'! Strife, no doubt designing to raise the means to refund the borrowed money from the Mtle vf '-watchoB, jewelry and plate" which the c<>uslitution of the Organization provided should be used to defray the expenses of the war. The whole plan of the organization, mode of npr.ra (ton. <tc. , it n*ms ha* lee-n known in Kansas for a long tins" Vetre to'd l>> parties who were in the secret, that thtO jwan o! uiu urown K Co. was to strike such a bold ami vigorous blow as to intimidate tho entire population of Virginia and the South, who are known to bo exceedingly timorous over their slave population. With his few inimodiato supinators ho was 10 tike possession of tho ar mory, while others, with teams, were to carry tho arms and military supplies to the mountains, in those fastBest** he was to erect his independent standard, around ?which the negroes were to assemble. A secret oiKonizat>ou, permeating all sections of the North, with jmwerful backing in Kansas, was to furnish recruits. Thusstrougtheu, would he able to bid defiance to State and federal authority, and though a seven years' war should fol*?*'> ?? though it should be protracted through half a century, thoy wuuld keep alive their movein-juts, acting must ty upon the defensive al lirst, till tho negroes of tho (.auadas and of tho South ?ould give them suttic,ent strength to justify aggressive movements. Wo do not wish to implicate innocent persous, and wo believo, *5f. *<?' know we do not do it, 11' tho statements of others 7-" 7<-rt*d upou, when we say that Oerrit Smith, of Ae?? York, a man of nobleimpulta, and generou* toa fault, uxu ifrU o/ that dexiyniny men , and too cherrf ally hai entered into their plana, and furnished them material aid. While we love him for his philanthropy, bis devotiou to Kansas in the darkest hour of hor history, and for his heavy contributions in aid of tho right and tho opprcs3od, we cannot sympathise with bis hostility to the federal government, and his readiness to engage with mail men in an attempt to overthrow it. The movement at Harper's Kerry may appear to bo an insignificant all'alr, and interested parties will endeavor to make it appear such. Sinoe its faUore every ono will deny being cognizant of it, and "Old Brown, the monomaniac." will be bold responsible for it all; but, as we said last week, "there was method in his madness," aftd that eye of his. sparkling with fire, sp&ft berets to the initiatod that the world |u?e?' noi 0f. As frequently stated, the whole P^rammo was developed to us while a S2"**- Weed with high treason, in the summer or .HUKV ? jjjC exception that tho Hold ol operations as th^ Contemplated has been removed Irom VlMQUri t<) Vir- . oinia When wo first learned of it wo resolved to resist I the conspiracy , cost what it would, and we have done so I ?whenever wo saw OTWcncta of its B?<>roment3, though it bas assumed Protean forms. Our present tear* nxo that \ the republican party will suffer by the action of these parasites who Have fastened themselves upon it to gain strength betoro tho country. More than once wo have cftaina that they were bastard republicans, with hardly a sincle principle in common with that party, and so we renoat now. The republican party, if true to iv*e\f and its ?wn best interests, wili every whore denounce tho treasonable enterprise, and all its aiders and abettors. If they <lo this, some distinguished aspirants lor office, now In Kansas, will tind themselves minus a position a Tew months hence. We have f acts and figures in our poacssxon tuktaever they iMi it oaUedfor. FRATERNITY IiBCTURKS. "CAPTAIN JOHN BROWN OF 03&\WAT0MIE," BY HEJJBY I>. THOREAP. [From the Bosto.i Atlas bad Daily Coo, Nov. 3.] The lecturer originally announced for last evening, jQ 1 the Fraternity Course, was Frederick Douglass, Charles I TV. Slack, Esq., appeared before the (lUdlviloe to ? ; ' tor Mr. " a law uour on MoZlft xnetsage tWt received from Lim, at a point which weejl Mi be mentioned, and Imparting intelligence which could uot properly l>o disclosed. In this communication Mr. Douglass expressed his regret that the fultilmeutot'his engagement to lecture was not in his power. A freeman, W*. Hack continued, by right of taking that which to him feeEJb 'ed> weli as by purchase, a citizen of tho Empire State hFY? "Jerick Douglas would not, that night, bo sat'o in the cuy ot I5081011- However differently the audience, wight view the rN*u.' (,vpnts the South, there wore *w' pwauiit who did not i'.onw th",?^nly ^'ery <?C John n in this hour of his deep <m?- ' ? tQ6y had uot ?faae with them who, many thiol?, wad enga^od in the scheme ot Brown, they hail one who By miwthisoij Wlljj him in his enterprise? Henry I). Thorcau, of Concord. j Mr. f.Mrru' noea by saying tnat ho did not wi 3h ^vttrco >' (tl,^)gbts upon the audience, but he felt forcod '""".j.nlf to t-noakf Lmlc ?s be knew of Captain Brown, he would fain (10 h.'" I"91"1 10 correct tbo tone of tho newsmp^re%d of the cou^ generally, ^spoctlng hi, character. We can at least cx7>JT8s our admiral011 ?< and sympathy with bim and his companions, and thi'S It Was that the looturer proposed to do. First, of his history. His grandfather, John Brown, wai an officer in the, Revolution. Jle himsflf was born in Conno<sticut, about tho beginning of tills century, but early went, with his father, to Ohio. His father was a contractor, who furnished beef to the ( army there in tho war of 1812. John Broum accompanied hit father to the camp, and assisted him in his employment, seeing considerable of military life? more, perhaps, than if he had boen a 6oldier? ror hu was often present at the councils of tho officers. He learned by experience how armies are supplied and maintained in tho lleld. He saw enough of military lifo to disgust him with It, and to excite in him a great abhorrence ol it. Though tempted by the offer of some petty office in tho army when about eighteen, lie not only declined to accept this, but refused to train, and was fined in consequence. He then resolved that he would have nothing to do with any war unless it were a war for liberty. Wnen the struggle began in Kansas he fceut sovcral sons there to help the free State party, tell ing them that if there were need he would follow and as fist them with his hand and counsel. This ho soon after tlid; and it was through his agency, more than that of almost any other, that Kansas was made froe. For a part of his life tie was a surveyor. At another time he was engaged in wool growing, and went to Europo when engaged in that business. He was an old fashioned rnan in Els faith in the constitution and the Union. Slavery ho Relieved to he opposed to both, and lie was its determined 1 Toe. He was a New England furmer. He. wan like the bed . tAof iWio stood at Concord liridge arvi Lexington C-mt- 1 ptoo ami Bunker Hill. It was no aboli'.ion lecturcr that i converted him to anti Blavery. Ethan Allen and St/irk , , toitk whom he may be in some rexpecti compared, were rang 0rtina Jar Ioi ccr and frss important Jield than h-. They could font their country's foes; he, faced hi * country U -rsdf, ' token she toot toremg. Ho did not go to Harvard. He was | not fed en the pap that is there furnished. As he phrased : It, "I know no more grammar than any of your calves." 1 Bat be went to the university or the West, where ho I Btadied the science of liberty. And having taken his do- ! greef, ho finally commenced the public practice of , humanity In Kansas. Such were his humanities? , he would have left a Creek accent elanunu, the I wrong way, and righted up a falling man. He a Puritan : and that was not so strange, lor some of the Puritans onco settled i;i Ainerioa. It would be vain to kill Mm; he died in the time of Cromwell, but he re appeared here. In pis camp he per xnitted no profanity. No man of looso morals was suffored to remain there except as a prisoner of w ar. " 1 would rather," says he, "havo tho smallpox, yellow lever and cholera together than a man without principle. 31 is a mistake that our people make when they think that liullies are tho best fighters or the men to oppose then - Southerners. Give mo Cod- fearing men, who rosp e themselves, and with a dozen of them I will oppose a huu tired such men as these Buford ruffians.'' It a man boasted, he had little contldonce in him. He bad prayers in lite camp morning and evening. Ha was a man o. P|>artan habits. At table ho would excuse himself, saying he must eat sparingly and live hard, as a man mus'. who would fit himself for a lifo of action and oxjkmuiv and for great enterprises. Ho was, above all, a trauseon dent&list, a man of ideas and principles, not yielding to a mere transient Impulse, but carrying out the purjtose of a life. He was a man accustomed to speak within bounds ? a volcano with au ordinary chimney thin. A an Illustration of this, of certain border ruffians he ?aid, simply. "They had a perfect right to he hung.' His simplicity made him appear incomparably strong I ?nd ia its presence eloquence seemed at a disoount. As to his tact and prudence? when scarcely a man from the free States could enter Kansas without molestation , he, with what weapons ho conld collect, slowly drove aa oxoart through Missouri,; apparently as a surveyor. When,iu Kansas, ho saw a knot of the ruffians, on the prairie, discussing the topic which then engrossed their taught*, he would take his compass? and ono of his son?nd proceed to run an imaginary line right through the flpot where the conclave was assembled. On coming up with them lie would havo some talk, and, having learned their plans, and thus completed his roal survey, he would proceed to finish liis imaginary one. As to his recent failure, it must be remembered that wo do not know the. r _ (acta about it. His enemy, Mr. Vallaudigham, said It wan ouc of the best planned conspiracies that over failed. Ind it show want of good management to deliver n dozen bttuian being?, as he did, walking leisurely with them from OB' Stale to another, the government ofllrl&U not loatent, but at raid of him f but to utako haste, cai.l tho lecturer , to his law net, and tu ?-4foU. Tiw Bu?MU!h>r> seem really iguorant of tho fac: that th^re are at l"?st tw<> or three individuals to a towu, throughout the North, who think much an the speaker did about ltrowu ami hii enterprise. It may bo true that only seventeen white men an.l live uegroes were concerned >u the enterprise. But the anxiety exhibited to show tins may conviuoe us that all is not told. They are so anxious, because of a dim consolomoess of a fact which they do not distinctly confess, that at lead a mil lion of the free inhabitant! of the Unil-d State', nut priey to thin attempt, would Ham rqourd if it had JimwMi. I' any one who has soon him horo cau pursue, s ucnosafully , any other train of thought, I do not know, t-.iui the loo turer, what he IS made of. I put a piece of paper and a pencil under my pillow, and wlmu 1 cannot sleep, I write in the dark. The lecturer's respoot l'or his fellow rneu was not being increased in theso day*. Tbo late of thin man Is ordinarily spoken of as if a common criminal, with only the redeeming quality of beiug, a* : Jovornor Wise, in the language of the cockpit, calls htm, "the (tamest tuau" alive, had been apprehended. When Gov. Wise thought ho looked so bravo, ho was not thinking of his foes. Ouo neighbor ot tho gpoakor said, " UU died as the tool dleth," which suiyp-stod a likeness butwosu hts doing Hud his neighbor's living. Others disparagingly said he throw Itis life away. How do thoRn men throw Uieir lives away? Another asks, " What will ho galnr ' as if he expected to fill his pockets, lie will not "gain" anything by It, for ho could not get four aud sixpence a day for being hung, take the year round: but he gL-ts considerable chuico to savo his soul ? and such a soul! ? ind you do not. JVo doubt ifju can get more in your m?rk:l for a iptari tf mill t than a quart of b I tod; but such it not the market that heroes carry their blood to. When you jAcml or bury a hero, a crop of heroes is ture to spring up. The m.mumiary chary at llalaklnna has been celebrated bp a poet laureate Hut the steady, and fur the most part moceirful, charge of this man for years agaisist the legions of slavery, is as much more memorahte than that as an intelligent and con&entious man it superior to a machine. 1X> you think that that will go unsung? "Served him right? a dangerous man! Ho Is undoubtedly inane." So thoy proceed to live their sau? and wise and altogether admirable lives, reading thair I'lutaroh a little, but chiefly studying that feat of Putnam, who was let down in a welTs deu; and in this wine nourish themselves for bravo and patriotl; deeds, samo timo or other. But the foes we have to meet are in our midit and ail about us. There is hardly a house but is divided against itself, for our foe Is the want of vitality In man, whence are begotten fear , sloth, superstition, persecution , slavery of nil kinds. We are mare t'.gnre heads upon nfhulk. This curse of tho times is the worship of Idols, which at last changca the worshipper huusclt into a stone image. This man was an exception, for he did not even set up a political graven image between btut and his God. Our modern Christianity is lifelesu. All the modern Christian's prayers begin with " Now I lay mo down to sleep," and he is always looking forward to his "long rest." He shows the whites or his eyes on the Sabbath, and the blacks all tho rest of the woek. Many, no doubt, are well dlsposod, but sluggish by constitution and habit; and thoy cannot conceive of a man actuated by higher motives than they are. Accordingly, they pronounce this man iusano; for they know they never could have done as ho dors, as long as they are themselves. We dream of other countries and times, placing them at a distauce; bst let some sigmtlcant event occur in our midst, and wo discover this distance and strangeness between us and our nearest noizbbors. Our | crowded society become* well spaced aU ? a city , | ol magnificent distances. I read, s&iJ Mr, all tile newspapers 1 could get, the week aftor this event; and I do not remember a single expression of sympathy for Uiese men. I have since peeu one noble statement, not editorial, in tbo Allot and Bee. Some voluminous shueu* decided noUo print Brown's words, to tno exclusion of other matilr. It was as if a publisher shoul-l reject the manuscript of tiui New Tostameut, and print Wilson's last speech. The same Journal which contained thin wan chieliy filled, In parallel columns, with the reports of political conventions. They should at least have been printed separately, in an extra. To turn from the words and deeds ot earnest men to the cackling of political conventions. But it was not so much to what the newspapers have omitted that he objected, as to what they h.ive inserted. Even the Liberator called it a misguided, wild, and apparently insane effort. As for the herd of papers and magazines, he did not know of one in the country which would print anything that would ultimately and permanently reduce the number of iu subscribers. How, than, can they print tru th? A man does a brave and hamane deed, and wt> bear )?rties on ' all sides crying, " I didn't help him to doit, or iu any way countenance it." They need not take bo much pains to wash|their skirts of him? no intelligent person wUl ever be convinced that he was any connection of theirs. Ho went and came, as he himself informs as, under the auspices of Brown , and nobody else. 7 he republican party doe* not perceiae how many hit failure u>Ol make to vcte more correctly than they would hat* them. Thty have counted the volet of fenniylvaMia and Co. , but tht-y home n<4 correctly counted Captain Broum'snote. He has taken the wind out of tAeir sails ? the little wind they had? and they must lie to and repair. Mr. Thoreau exultlngly propheeiod the fall of the republican party a? the necessary leeult of Brown's attempt. What though be ?jtd not Voiong to our clique? We may not approve bis | principle*. ? lot us recognise his magnanimity. Bo -wo 1 think wo would loso our reputation'/ As we lorn aV the spile, we sh'iuld gain at tlio bung. The lecturor quoted, I from ouc of tli? newspaper descriptions of Brow.n, an aiiunton to tile unpamllnled Indignation ho \r?'< uncus tomed to exhibit whenever tho subject of slavery i was broached, as if it were a mattoc of surprise. or censure. The slave ship is ou its way ,, crowded with I Its dying victims, a small crew of slaveholders, with the 1 vast body ot passengers smothering tho hatches, I and yet wo hear that the only way wo are to help the I matter is by "tho quiet diffusion of tho sentiments of huI inanity," without any outbieak; as if you could dispense 1 be geutiiuenU) of humanity , ail finished, tho ptiro article I b eatily as water with a water pot, and so lay the <" What is that we hear cast overboard? Tho bodies ftr ,J: dcad, who have found deliverance. That is 'J*?1*?* re disseminating the sentiments of hum- .. , , *y * ? uppoBt Buown was animated by rev- ' 4?* : ?? J know the man; they must enlarcre tK ? They d ? o" such a man-U man or ^ ttyffiJClYes to conceive who rccognizcd v .. mllli in principle- He ^as oae as be wo? ' -- urjnflt human laws, but resisted them, . . .j vi 4. No man in America has ?"* $to?^ t ersi>Unny for the dignity nf human rtu'ure > knowm(* tell' for man, and the equal of any and .a" government. In these respects lio was the most Amei.'':inf?l l?rj:' He needed no lawyer, making false issues, to a* {v* JJc could not have been tried, by his peers, became did net exist. As for tbe democratic .journals, th?> . . net human enough, the lecturer said, to affect ma at ail, I do not lcel iudignatiou ?* , I would, father tec O* anything they may say. frov'ttf our J/cW"'i, J? ???? nf Captain hrowniMn &/? Lnn lhnl , Souse. than that, of any um hi/ <^,7' 1 rej0ice Ulal 1 liVR ia this and^n?J^ , ?P0r,lry- Insane! A father and ^ ? : ? Wtt'ib-lnw, and several more mon,bej at least tweivo disciples, all struck with insun*y at ohcc! Just as iusano were his efforts iu Kansa?f. Ask the tyrant who is th? most dangerous foe, tho sane man or the insane. Such n word as insane is a mere trope with Hi one who persist in using it, and I havo no doubt that manyofihem, in silence, have already retraced their words. Read his admirable answers to Mason, and others. How they are dwarfed and defeated by the contrast I On tho one {side, half brutish, half timid questioning; on the othor, truth, clear as lightning, crashing into their obscene temples. They are made- to stand as Pilate, and <;esler,and tho Inquisition. Probably all tiu: speeches all the men ichnm. Mcwtacliusetts hast sen', to Congress for the last few yean, do not match, for manly directness and farce, and for simple truth , Ihefew casual ! remarks nf John lirown on the door of the Harper's Kerry enginehouse? that man whom you are about to send t<> tho othor world? though not to represent you there. Ho is too fair a specimen ol' a man to represent tbe liko of us. Who, then, were his constituents? Bead his words understandingly and you will ilnd out. Iu his case there is no idle eloquence. Truth is his inspirer, and earnestness tho polisher of his sentence. He could airord tho loss of his Sharp's riiles, while he retained tho faculty of spensh ? a rille of far straightor eight and longer range. It is a relief to turn from the slanders against him to the testimony of his enemies. Mr. Thoreau hero quoted from tho published remarks of Governor Wi e, Colonel Washington and Mr. Vallandigham, in praise of Brown's cvidont integrity and heroism. Tnis event, the lecturer considered, is a touchstone to bring out with distinctness the character ol this government. When a government puts forth its strength on tho aide of injustice, it reveals itself a merely bruto force, or worse, a demoniacal force. It Is the head of tho Plug Ugliea. He saw this government to be fairly allied with France and Austria in oppressing mankind. It says, "Cease agitation on the subject of slavery or I will make a slave of you or hang you. " The only government he recognises is the power that estab lishos justice in the land. Treason! Where doos such treason take its rise? Yuu presume to contend with a foe against whom West Point unlets and rifled cannon point not. Tho lecturer proceeded to denounce the government at much length, and to charge upon Massachusetts complicity in its worst crimes. Undefended lirown from, t/te imputation of felly in undertaking his enterprise with so few assistants. Would we have the good and tha brave wait for action till they arc iu the majority? His company was small, simply because few could bo found worthy to pass muster. Each was a picked man, culled out of thousands, if not of millions. Surely they wore the best men you could select to be hung. That is the great est compliment this country could pay them It, was Brown's doctrine that wo huvearight to interfere, by force, with the slaveholders, to roscue tho slave. The Iccturer agreed with him. A truo mau would not be a<niuch shocked by the death of the slaveholder as by his life. Korovcr tt talk against slavery, and never to act, is futile and fooJtah, unless a row wore continually inspired. Hie question is not about tho weapon, but the spirit in which you us* it. No mau has yet appeared in Am -rica who loved bis fellow man so well, and treated them so well. For blm he took up bis life; for him bo will lay t it down. This eveut advertises us tnat there is such a : thing as death. Tliero has been, beforo, no death in America, for there has been no life. Men have j only rotted end sloughed oil' or they rotted 1 and Rloughed along. The befit only run down like a clock. They say they will die. I defy 1 them; they cannot do it; they only deliquesce, and leave a hundred eulogists mopping up tho sjio; where they left off. These mm at Harper's terry, in teaching us how to die, have at the same lime taught us htio to Wv. Thrir deed is the best new that A merica has ever heard. M r . biddings says their history will All a short page in the history of tbe country. If that will till a short page, how long a sentence does Mr. (biddings think tho history of tho republican party will till V Mr. Thoreau proceeded at considerable length to eulo gin) Captain Brown as, perhaps, the noblest mm on whom the sun will ever rise in Amorica, an i closed by reading ? large part of Brown's conversation at tho armory, ?? he lay on the floor, a ft or his rapture. That scene, he said, will stand in history with the landing of the Pilgrims and the Declaration of Independence. It will lie the ornament of some future national gallery, when at least tho present form of slavery shall bo no more. Then . and not till then, we will take our revenge. THE HARPER'S FERRY AFFAIR AS PARTY CAPITAL. (Krom tho Washington National Era.] The attempts to implicate the republicans in the schemes o( lirown may to some extent afflict the approaching elections in New York and New Jersey, but thctr worm consequences must fall upon the South. * * Tho incendi vies- whom the South has to fear are those il?-rouK?>nueK, \*|??, for the sake of frightening timid men from tho republican party, arc inculcating tho spirit of insurrection among the slaves. U Is only two or throe weeks ago that wo jxrinled out this nee. ix-ary otlect ol' such lakiehoods, when we had no tuispiclou that wi hoou an event would occur well oalcu liiteii U> call them I'Jitli witli tenfold profusion. But wo feel it to duo to the South unit to l ho ca-iso of liuiuauity ugnin to givo wanting of tho dungor Kvory HUtumeat implicating the republican party In tho Harper'* Kerry allair. which uppears la a Southern newspaper or issues from tho hps of a demagogue, Is a brand which imy light the liree ol insurrection. *'*??* Southern men know that tt is impossible to p'iblish any Uiing in th<>ir newspapers relating to the freedom of the negroes, without the glad tidings reaching thoir eart. ***???? Can uny intelligent man who in acquainted with South ern life, doubt that the negroes will in this way be led to expect immediate emancipation an the fruit of a ropub ham triumph t And ii it not highly probabt ? that the belief uniting Hum that the great majority </ the Northern people sUtnd reculy to second their itTorts for liberation, will ciute Oirm, in their eagerness and haite, to plot ins urr rations 7 It would bo a fatal mistake to infer that the nag roes have no dec ire to bo free, because they remained passive at Hai'pur's Kerry. They kuew thoir own strength too well in that vicinity to rush upon destruction, as did Brown and hla conspirators. But tvppote th .? same thing happened in South Carolina, where there are tico neyroet to one white person; does any one believe thai they itxraM have remained quid spectators f la Northern Virginia, and especially in the Immediate neighborhood ol the Kerry , there arc perhaps ton white raou to ono negro. Tim bl&vefc, therefore, could not hope (or liberation by their own efforts; and they doubtless regarded tho efforts of Brown, if ho rolled os.iontially upon their co-operation, tu all the world Beems to do ? via. as tho enterprise oT n madman. They aro, besides, the clans of slaves from whom we should least expest on effort at insurrection. 'ibey are on the' border of tho tree States, and it would bo much easier and safer to liborato thornselves by running away thaa by revolting. The facility with which they can run off is a fact well understood by themselves and their mamrs; and tho consoquonso is, that they aro treated with a acgroe ol consideration and kindness which is not generally experienced by the slam further south. Kor these reasons none but domentod on thusiaats could haro d roamed or a successful insurrection at Harper's Ferry, But in any of tke Gulf States the same effort* might hare been attended with an amount of bloodshal and devastation from wltich the imagination recoil* with inrmr HOW IT WILL END. (From tho New Orleans Bee.] We havo taken some pains to notice the tone or the black republican journals in ttielr comments upon tho Harper's Kerry corns piracy. They may bo divided Into. I two distinct classes: those who vrbeodle and tho?e who bully. To our mind the second class ? the bullies? who brazen it out, and chuckle over murder and rapine, j hailing the bloody deeds at Horpor's Ferry a3 Urn in anguraUon of a reign of terror in the South, which shall crimson our fields and aurreuder our dwellings to the torch of the inocndiary, aro not a particle more horrible and loathsome thau the others. They are at least entitled to the merit of an honest aud fearless avowal ot their principles, execrable as they are; while tho former would press us by the hantt and term us brethren, while they stab us undor the; tilth rib. The dyed- in the wool, red mouthed abolitionist, who Is carried awuy by a bitter uud envenomed sectional hatred, or has tooled himself into the belief that sla rery ought to be abolished instantaneously and with- j out regard to conseq'ieuces, is not to bo won trom hw errors by the prospect or the inot>l dreadful excesses. { THE INSWtRBCTION. [From the Charleston (i>. C.) Mercury, Oct. 31-1 The insurrection a? Harper's Ferry v.-,ls simply no insurrection at all. Not a slave .joined tho ruckles* tauatics who sought to promote their notorious policy ot emau<;r,>.vtion by blood anil treason. It was a silly invasion ol' Virginia by some eighteen men. Four or live m.>u \ver? ? killed, and a few ruurc will bo kinged, and th?re will be the end of the enterprise in its mere physical aspects. The press of the North, look tug no further tbau them results, are pretty harmonious lu representing it as a very light and trilling affair, and the parailo of llovornors, and Senators, and of the miliar)' of States nnd of the general government to suppress it, us very absurd and ridiculous. Events are olteu important, not on account of th -ir iai?tiediau> magnitude, tout on account of their aignili" nicy. A pimple on the cheek may be a very trilling dis \-der; bvt if it betokens erysipelas, it is the indication o.'disea-. which may be ratal. And so it is in the political world. The importance of any event, howover iusignitlcant in itself, must be measured by the principle it involaps or the policy it indicvues. For twenty - Hv^ years the Northern |>eople nave been keeping up a continual agitation iu the Union conccrnlng the institution of slavery. They have broken up our churches; Lhey have run otT our slaves; they have excluded us from aur territory on the ground that the institution of slavery :s too iniquitous to expand, and they have now organized i vast controlling party in tho Northern States, looking to ihe possession of the general government to further their purposes of emancipation. All along, however, we have heard put forth profuse professions that no interference with tho institution of slavery in the Southern States wits intended or contemplated, although axtsry principw they asserted led them just as much to overthrow slavery in the States as in our Territories. The coustitiUooal and moral views which they bring forward to justify their potior, most logically and clearly, mnw miu thorn t>man-; cip&uonlsts. Here, then, i9 the great importance ot this abolition emcute in Virginia. It shows to the people ortne I South tho destiny which awaits them in this Union, under the control of a sectional anti-slavery party in the free I States. It is fact coming to the aid of logic. It la the legitimate fruit of the Union as it is. It is a significant sign of progress, Taken in connection with the past, it is a porter's omen of the future. Fjo far from creating any mrprisq* we do not suppose that there is a thoughtful man in tho South who has not been anticipating, tor year* past, such events as those which lately transpired at Harper's Ferry. Our couneo tk? with the North is a standing instigation of insurrection in the South. Instead of that " domestic tranquillity" which the constitution of tho United States openly assort* that it was established to insure, Congress is a van aMitinn amwrUirts. and the Union a powerful organization by which domestic duquietude is created ana th; mightisst dan gen impend over the South. Instead of "tranquility" and protection, hostility and insurrection are now its natural fruits. Ike Ilarjxr's ferry invasion, therefore . if wisely considered fisof rasl significance, and should l*ai thepeo]>Le of the StnUh. to prepare for those future events, of toAuv't this is only the premonition. I ijjir w \n op ^ ^ Charleston ("c^l^curyt*5"*- 1-1 Alu. ',Ufilj ?r9Wn'B effort at iui iusurro!. tiou has boon HiBy and abortive, tue ^CVolopemcnts are rspiu ''y showing that a wide-spread scheme waa maturing at th?> ??rth for insurrections throughout the Ijouth. A carefully concocted plan to published ill "!? York Hkraiu, republished in th? Bichmonil H0u^> UI"' incorporated into the address of the Democratic Cojk'ciIteo of tUo City of New York in an addrer n to the pc pie "f New York, by which slavery was to ba cvartiirown in the South with the aid of a miliary force from ilio North. \ We forbear laying this scheme before our readers ou a<; I count of ius incendiary nature, but wo adviso our readers | to get it and read it tor themselves It will give mom a clearer insight into the true relations they occupy in tUo Union, and the "priceless value. ' of in coutiniiare.:< to them than any other document which lifts yet seen the light. It is no Answer to say that the diabolical incendiaries who can in cold blood g>< up fuch a sthenic lor our destruction are comparatively few in numbers in the North. It is enough tor us to kin, w that, few or in inv, they have, by the constitution oj' the United States, the rignt to come among us, to live among us, and in t.ieir good time carry out their purposes; and, even if their purposes should tail .again and again, and scaffold after scaffold shall drip with their gore, the elements ol mischief and troublo may survive tbcm, and give new impulse to future adventurers and fanatics. The gnat, source of the ceil is, that- wc are under one. government with these people ? that by the constitution they deem themselves responsible Jor the institution of slaver;/, and, therefore , they seek to overthrow it. They do not plot iiuur ration* for Cuba or JirnzU. If we had a separate government (jf our oun, the Fost Ojfire, all the avenues of intercourse, the police and military of the country, would be under our exclusive control. AbobbCmixm would die out at the Aorth , or its adherent '* would ham to operate in the South as foreign emissaries, in a country armed, and prepared to exclude their intercourse or their designs and punish their intervention. As it is the ?' irrepressible conflict" of Seward is destined to go on, although it may be chnokod and suppressed by repeated failures, until one of. two things shall take place ? the Union shall be dissolved or slavery shall be abolished. The experience of the last twenty -Ave years, of ignominous toleration and concession by the N>utb, with the lights ot the present redacted on thom, show to the most bigoted Unionist that there Is no peace lor the South in the Onion from the forbearance or respect of the North. The South must control hxr own destinies or perish. LOOKING AFTER SUSPICIOUS CHARACTERS IN MaRY-LaND. The lingers town Torchlight says:? The Govornor of Maryland ordered the StioritV of Washington county to appoint a sufficient number of deputies residing along or near the boundary hue between this Mate and i'cntwylrania, ami others also residing along the lino of the Potomac river, who may be empowered to act with asthocity of law in case of any assembly of unlawful characters, or men whose character and pur poso is not known , and to arrest and detain them. In pursuance of this order the Sheriff has summoned fiOO men in various parts of the county to act ai his special deputies. The Boonsboro' Odd Fellow cays: ? Commissions from tho Governor, countersigned by the Sheriff, have been received in this town, giving authority to certain persons to arrest all suspicious charactci s who may bo prowling about or (tossing along. ; The Forgery upon I?obcrt Bonner, of the I Ledger. ARRE8T OF TDK FUGITIVES. [From tho Boston Traveller, Nov. 3.) Some days fince the papers gave an account of , a successful forgery at New York, the sum ol' $3,150 'having been obtained from the Nassau Bank by a forged check in favor of A. M. Davis, purporting to bo signed by Kobert Bonner. The suspected rogues were traced to this city, and yesterday three men, namod John B. Ross, David Leach and Adulph Bishop, were arrested on the steamer about to sail for Europe. To-day they were taken befdro ? the Police Court, charged with being fugitives from justice, I aud J. II. Bradley ana B. B. Russell appeared as counsel for them. George II. Brlggs, paying teller ofthe XaseaT Bank, testilled that on the 26tli of October lto paid out $3,160 on a check presented in Court. Ho thought at the time it was Ei^ued by Mr. Bonner, but on exwiuation showed it to be a forgery. Mr. Roberts, a lithographer ?n Fulton street, New York, testified that on the 15th ol October, Bishop came to his placc with a check printed in brown, saying that his "boss''? Smith, No. 93 tfest Washington Market ? wanted | checks of the same pattern in green. Mr. Roberts desired to sec the "boss," hut could sot find him at the market, and saw no more of Bishop. That afternoon Leach gav?< him an order to print MM) checks, saying he had been di reeled there by tho officers of tho bank, and the checks wore delivered to him a fjw days after. The witness was positive that the forged check was ono of them. Tho examination of the c;ise is not yet finished. When arrested they had $900 in money with thnra,nnd their baggage on board. I<ooch had his wife with him. The imrtics are also accused of a forgery for over $4,000 t on the Corn Exchange Bank, New York. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS OF STATE POLICY. Interior Commerce and Other Intercut* of tlie City and Slate of Mew York. The Journals of alt parties, lu all eccttons of tho Htato, ttv put .lbliing lutuin. from their otiididatei, exprebbir# of their ti iuious about canal and railroad attains. There u'jw appears to be a remarkable coucnrronce in K-. tiuKMit on itiofcc subjects uuioug candidates widely separated on othor questmen. ? , In additiou to the b|>oclmons already t>ublisbod in the IIkilald, another collection is now prmtod, whlcH cm braces replies from Bovorfil Senatorial aud other caudi dates in all quarters of tlio Statu, ant of .all stripes and Ink* iu politics. The Important subjects of tbo letters, aud the decided language of most of the writers, render them epistolary matters worthy of gonoral poruRu). And now for the opinio as ef a Wostora Senator, in the Held for re-election: ? UWt V or K. 8. I'lCOfSEH, EM., UNION KOHINKH rOH HH-KtJtCTION AUSKNATOK IN TUB THIRTY ri KST OUTUlUf. Burr *1,0, Of*. 31, 1869. Huiitr OKiatxr, fcuq., Chairman of Clinton league, New York; ? , l)*?u Biu? Youri of the 27th ull. w*? icoelved. on my retura home yfbusrday, iiropouodiog certain questions louuluug Um> commercial pnlloyonho Mate with reference to the agrk-uliu- i ral and manufacturing interests, as also that of the canals auJ railways. The questions you ask are ?? nearly identical with those answered by mo a few days tlnee t > Me?*rs. Cobb A H/<bc<>ck, of Ilia city, on the part of the State Committee, that I eocluso my , reply to them aj. an answer to you afev. Hoping the same may be naUWactory in that regard, I am, dear air, your* very rospeotruUy, E. & FKOasga. EXTRACTS m BE FLT TO Tni THREE QUESTIONS OW THE OUMTON LEAQCE. I reply to jour qttesMous in their crder:? First The constnutionor the State, adopted in 18M. wtsolr. aa I thltik, prohibited the sale or lease of the State canals for At < least twenty year* thereafter; hence the question It not An ope? ?i* with the i.eglriature. If tt were so. however. 1 have no hesitation in saying that X am ta favor ef preserving the canals a* tlie property ?f (be tJUte forever, for the une of ail persona, ou equal terms. second. X am in favor of completing the ealaraemaut of the canals as now provided by law, no aa to g(i-? th? full depth of Mi veu feet of water at the opeolMof navigation uext sprint at tl such further legislation as w( sec m e the steady maintenance of good order, and the full depth of water: lur unlesa ' ih* Krle canal particularly, whhbKs the rntmiwmp "uuT can be made more reliable, the freights cheaper, and the move meat more certain ah<i rapid, thai revenue from it wtli not likriy increase, but may, and probably win, further decline. Third. X am in favor of providing, by law, that the railroads of this State shall traiujxirt toi' the pe.ipl? <>f this Stale upon as favorable turina as ihcy do for anybody etsa. That the rales from the 1st or December lo the In of April when the canals are closed, shall not exceed the avuragc rates for the rest of 1 the year more limn twenty per cent, and be uniform per ton per mile to all? at the same time allowing the roada, however, 10 charge. In additiou to loeir lawful run- of freight. Hiicb ? Jin a.? may be ncccssary to pay for the <'*pobao of reaming an 1 delivering all properly traiwporled by them ? thus ren lerfng th? through and way tratlio alike rnnaoerailve lo the ioat* a<> nearly at may ce, ami but aliglily moro expensive pt mile . Hor short limn long distaujes. hinoe the freighting mnilness u|h?i the railroads of the Slate has become, so very targe, actively competing with the canals, there to a manifest propriety, If not necessity, In lie being regulated by lsw, qnite an. much ax that the fare ot passengers idiould be so regulated; at.d I atn in favor of its being done early the next he.&ion of the Ijegitiifiiure. Yours wpectfuljy, K. S, PttOtMKK. l-tTLt Of W. PltAKK rAmtONS, E3<1., DEMOCRATIC NOMINE*. FOR SEStATOK, btXTU SENATORIAL VUTBICT. urvtrs o* the lUu.v News, ) ? Nkw Yoke, Nov. 5, 18m. \ Gentlemen ? Your favor, containing the hitorroqatorles of the t Union l.eague, is rtoeived, and, in reply, 1 have the honor lo say? 1. t am In favor of the completion of the c&oul enlargement It seven feet depth. 2. 1 am ctjpoaed to netting or leivslng.'h?cHnalA. 3. 1 a<u in l'avor of ihe pro rnu railroti'l fiei -lit bill. Very respectfully, youn, _ ? ? W- DRAKE PARSONa To Henry O'Keilly, Esq., ClwJrciau, and Hucm Aiaen. Esq , Secretary ul the t'liiinm I.eugne. UEFLY vr WAl/IEK L. 8BS810MNMVI., liEI'USUCAN NOMINkB FOR SENATOR, THIRTY-JEt'ONO MS1T.ICT. X*a?aiia, < h iiiiaii.iue Co., Oct. 31, 1869. Mr. Alien, Seoretiv.-v Clinton^ue: ? Yours, making lii'i'ulrles as to my position on the canal queaUon ???? received last Saturday evening. ' In answer, I will say, that 1 aiK m favor of raising means next winter, sufllcieui to complilo Uie enlargement bv the opening of navigation next spring, and I trn tailing a channel of seven feet depth from Alba t* to Buffalo ] am opposed to setting or leiialng the eanala, under any cir - . cnnistaiicfti. They ahouiu. In liie language ol the conslitiiti .ii remain "lli<>propertj of the StiUe forever. " 1 am in fuvor of such legislation as shall furnish u the people ol tfcia bUte eoiiitl rlgins itfon tlw canals and railways' und also such aa shall m:ige live railroads furnith facluties tor getting produce ajidcomniert-jal proditRiK to nutrKot, whenever it uhfl II be ready at the depots, instead of having it keuWwck lor ihe piodiicta of other Stales. Yours, truly, WAfPKtt L. SESSIONS. ttKPi.v or Brnntm ci <, Esa , kki-ubuuam komi.ikk tor DJiS.VlOK, TWtMY-biUllTIi ATOHIAL IMSTUKT. I'llT.SKOKD, Nov. 2, 1859. (itWTLEBE*? Tour communicuioti of the 16th nit . addressing three interrogatories to me as itr'nonitnae for State Se luitot'," was revolved lost evening, and I reply brielly lo Ihe iirat: 'i'but 1 am, without any coudluau or rnservatto*, apposed to the sale or hiding of the canalaof Ihia Mate, believing that the frameraof tbe couatiti>iion acted wisely anl consulted the bent interests of the people of the State when they, lit express terms, prohibited siiuh sole. taction 6 of article 7 of the constitution reads as follows;? "1'he. l<eglalature dull uot sell, lease, or otherwise dispose of any ot the onualh of this Suite; but the? shall remain the nro "MtX.4'1' u"' and under its management forever." Ibe j/rgieiav,,.,. 1^-, u-.r?r,?^^^>Jrur lvtitftatHy over this question, except steps be taken to amend the Constitution in this t espect; and, in. that case, auch amendment moat he sanctioned by the people. To the second -1 wouid say that I am in favor of the speedy completion ol Uie enlargement ol the canals, as prescribed by la w, so as to give the required depth of seven feet at Ihe comtncncement of navigation next spring. To the tU; d? 1 would answer, that T am in favor of sectr to the people ol this State equal rlghji upon the can- , 3 railways of thir. State, l<y the passrge ot a prtM ala Is ? _ will give lo lie citizens of our state the use of the railways u|xjua? favorable tet ins as are traui' ^ . ' T - an of other states. * W citizcna Wuh the highest wishes for your sue ... ,, adoption of the principles contained in ? . ''^r '' obtaining the am, respect! ally, your ibedienlse' , ^liaton l.c.igue,' 1 BEt'LT or w. lewis, Esq., *- EPHRAIM (JOSS. ric >?*?k.katic noniMbE roa tub orOt AhJiEMBl-YMAA. Messrs. II km It v r Oswy.00. Oct. 24, 1859 (iKNTi.KUf j'Rkhj.y and Hofilt Allr>, New York:? issued br I arn In rccelpt of vour clroular of the Ifitli Inst. I*?r- . you mi Chj,irmaii an: Secretary of the Olniton jae lb Sew York, propounding three queatrins, of which I -?*e due note. While 1 deem it h?i diy ucocsisary, from my U I cation, to put my views liel'ore llis un.-KJ". bUJI, acknowledging your right to know them, 1 unawur^~ - [ tuat-ttlmi 1 am In , . ... . , ?' syiteia of the St^ile of Rew York, and in favor of preserving the canals as the proof the people ol llic 8iaicv nudopiKteed u>Uxe "Hale or Second T am in favor of tbe immediate completion of tb? enlargement of the canals accor.lii.t t? l?w., Hs the great a*?nue connecUng the commerce of theSorlh western lakes wlih the seaboard through the state of New York, lermuiatlng ui Aew York city, the "commercial rastropoiij; of America " lliird? I am m favor of securing to Uto people of this State equal rights upon the ivinals and railways. Those terminating at tins point (Oswego) are. really 110 competitors, and can and should work "harmoniously" together. I 11m also in favor of .- ucli legislation, in regard to holli canals and railways, as /iliall protect Ihe people, as far its possible, from taxation, and ih the simif- time secure the trade and travel of the. "great and gie*vittg VStsi'' tlin, .liouravenucsto the ohy of New York.? Very im y yours, W. l.Ktt'IS, P.I.I't.V Or TIII.OtlOUK It. VOtiHEES, Ffft., IN DEl'K. Nile. N'T llKHOluatii: (lANhiuArt: roit^ssLMsi.r m thk ?ouiim.NTn ms Titicr, crrv or kkw vokk. New Yokk, Oct. 28, 1859. tll-NTi kmk> ? I am in receipt of your favor of llio L5lh lust., It) which yon request me to answer certain queslious contained therein, in order thivl you mav ascertain iny views regarding linrllculbi- poll ?? of Statu policy, as all'ecUug the cauals itiid the interests ot the people of the Stats of New ?ork. 'lo your lirst ltilcrrugaUiry I mostumphatlcaliy answer T :ini in tavor of preserving the canals as the property of the people ol this Mate, for the use of all im.thoiis, on equal terms, and sm opposed to Ihelr conversion into private monopolies, either bj i?le, grant or lease. 'lo your second interrogatory. It gives me pleasure here to record, us my opinion, th*t the enlargement and completion of the cuiu s, s ? ?s to give seven feet of water, uniform depth, ana thereby fiiciiltate trantporiaiiuu, aisi allow tree tec ess by hteam troui the Atlantic sealioard to th?! g -eat iulsnd lakes, would b? uue ot the noblest improvements of the age, and an enduring monument to tbe progress, foresight and publiu spirit of llie inhabitants of the great* 01 New York. I believe Hint iu. beninus to the city of New York, commercially, cannot be too highly estimated, and, unorem er, ia my view, by jutlloious and economical management of die canals, tliey msy be made, u source of large prolit and income to the State. To your third interrogatory, 1 answer, that, Inasmuch as laltmads receive tbeircorpornteexlstence ;snd, are the grantees of valuable privileges, ngbt of eminent domain, and ot money, from the people s representatives, (the Legislature), in my view, it Is clearly unjust for them, aa common carriers of goods for hire, to establish a discriminating policy, detrimental to the interest of the grantors of such valuable franchises, or any of them. X am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, ? t, ? ? THKOIKJRE U. VOOKHEES. ToKomjbIIemkv O'Rieixv, Chairman, an* Houh au.e!?, Secretary, ol the Chiton league, Ac. itEfi.v or K14.10TT r. kiiepakii, esq., rf.pvbi icait nohikke fOK ASSKMSLV, 10URTEEWTI1 OISTK1CT, CITY Or NEW VOUK. 16 Waij. street, New Yohk, October 21, 1869. I.KNTI.KMKN? 1 have your favor of the IKhlnst. The republican party of tnis Slate ask a constitutional loan for the benefit of the canals. They initiated, and have prosecuted the enlargement of, and axe now pledged to see thai seven feet ot water we immediate ly introduced to that one which was first natiafied by steam under their auspices. They are Irreconcilably opposed to the aale of the canal*, to which several departments of the public finances are now indebted, and which, Willi that indebtedness paid, aeenretothe Slate a net anuual income of $15iu,000. They are Uie guardians of state rights, aa against the attacks of monopolists a( d speculators? let ihein be railroad corporations or individual schemers. I stand on republican principles as above set forth, and lie lieve these statomeutB comprehend an answer to the three interrogatories you propound 011 behalf of the canal Interest* you represent. Very truly, your ob'i scrv't, rr ? , fcLWOTT F. SQEPARO. To Henrv O'Reiu.y, Chairman, 11 unit Allen, Secretary. REFI.Y or THOMAS VEITCII, ESQ., DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE* rOR ASSEMBLYMAN, 8EV ENTt t.NTtl PISTHICT, CITY Or NEW YORK. New York, Nov. 2, lttti). Gentlemen ? Your circular, containing curtain questions touching the canals of the State of New tors, has been received, to which 1 will briefly reply. X am in favor of preserving the canals as the property of the people ol thin State. I am In favor of the Immediate enlargement and oompletlon of the canals. I am in favor of a pro rati law, and against any "pernicious railroad policy" whatever. And sjgainsi selling qr leasing the canals of the State. And if elected to the Assembly from the Seventeenth district, my vote and Influence will be always ready in favor of the views here expressed. Very respectfully jours, THOMAS VEITCH. To Hkkrt O'Reilly, Esq., Chairman, llt/uit Aij.en, Secretary of the Clinton League for Promoting the Completion of the Canal System. HEFLY 10 INQUIRIES ADDRESSED TO A. B. WILLIAMS, Esq., i:|. IUBI.ICAN NOMINEE rot RE-ELECTION AS ftNATOK, TWENTYrirTH DISTRICT. I.YOKft, October 31. 18S9. Messrs. Henry O'Hieii.y and Hvqh Au.en, of the Cltuton l/.-ague: ? In Mr. Williams' absence. I am in receipt of your ctmmnnication to the Hon. A. H. Williams, State senator and present nominee for that oflice. And ns tt will be some days before he will return, allow me tossy for Mr. W. that the ctnals and canal interests have no more anient supporter in Western New York than a. B. Williams, and that hi* re -election la being vigorously contested on account of his support of, and adherence to, the canals of our Stste, in opposition to Ihe railroad monopoly. Yours, v#ry respectfully, LYMAN lit ON. (For A. M. WII.I.IAMS.) REFLY OF A. STILSON, Esq., NOMINEE TOR ASSEMBLY IN ORLEANS COUNTY. _ ? South Karre, Oct. 24, 1899. To Henry O'Rieu.y and Illicit ai lkn, President and Sec rctary of the Clinton league: ? llEKTi.EMMN? Your circular, 'containing certain interrogatories, Ac., has fceen received, to which 1 nhall briefly reply, without recapitulating vour questions. 1 am in favor of retaining the State canals ss Hie inalienable property of the people of Uie State of New York, and exclusively uuder theli control; and lam also In fsvor of t-o reduclngthc costof superintendence and collection, of so adjust tiii lotto, s?4 so regulatlnc tbe freighting b?ii.leM 0r own piling lines ler tran??ort?tloir. u to uiake Uc*e mna iiTnSt <*dj hell' sustaining, but enable them u. diselurite the lioavV debts wnn which (Ley a rp nowtiurdei ?d 1 am 111 favor of tke completion of liie enlar ?.??nent at the rsnal* at me earliest practicable tino, and Ifthu ahall Me tound lo 1x9 before the opening of nuVigation next anruur ? a tmioh the better. _ v ^ ^ [ mii in favor of the passage of a law requiring the rsRroada of this Si* It* to adapt a uniform Irelt?ht tmitr, h, which nil freight, w Ijt-iht-f the product ol this or oilier state*, sh?U he carried, ami forliiodlng them to raise Uitiu rutes Jurtag the winter abc\o a certain mi terete per ctoittjifi over uitsii auni n i e r rates. * In cocladlng, allow tee to say that should I bave the honor of rupreatrtitig t(ie county ol Urleans initio uppvoaafalog siwalou of tic State of legislature, rajr beat etf'irU Hoomd be give* lor the .promotion ol the views hero expressed. Very rw^aot fully ySurs, A. S'rfLHOK. UH1.V or jasEi>n a. VAiunru, jr., has., *mu nohi'srs nut ashkmuii, vnt or a aw voua. lit) Buoaliway, Nkh Yob a. Nov, 2, IgNL Messrs. O'Bciixt aud, of Oiinton Irfiague UKNTiram? There ia not lb? least nrteiywct of ray *?mg elected to Iho Assecubly, and consequently iu/ answer to your Irtw* can be. of no particular Importance. Nevnrthelrsa, I think proper to aay llyitl should answer each ?f your questaina In the affirmative until rhcar better arguments than have yet been presented for a contrary opinion. lhu railroad interest hus, it ia true, accomplished much foe the development of the resources of the State; and It ia to be regretted that those who embarked ill these wnrka ahouM have found them, in ao many caaea, unprofitable investment*? yet 1 have never been able to tee the propriety of aakiug the Mate to relieve tlu-i from the otfeotB of what has been lu many instances the want o4 ordinary foresight, by surrendering a work which has not only coat a largo amount, but to of tmmetuo benefit to iho producers licsuics, i have never yot seen any well digested plan by wbichlt was shown how the aurreuderoi tbecai uJa to a private cofporaUoa oould be acoeuapliahed, so as to equally protect all the railroad* to the State train its competition. A a to completing the work, It soems t<> tn? a* absurd to besitato about It as Ov. ould be to talk of throwing obstruotioos into the Hudson. of whieh It la In fact a part The only trouble I have on Utti subject is the alsaoat hopeIsssnesaof ever getting contractors to do the work on the canals on as favorable terms for the State as they would for individuals 1 do not believe in any "discriminations." The peopltwbs uaeUia roada should, a* to freight, beaU placed oa the saute footing. Yours. respectfully, JOS. U. 7ARNUM, J a. USTLT or ALI.XK M0NROR. KM., NOMIKRR fOK SB* A TOR UT TUB TWENTY -ISOOJin SRSATOBUJ. DISTRICT. UriiAevHu, (id. ?, 1859. HtiarrO'JtBm.T, Hsfl?, Ctoslnnao, and Hiim Alias, Secretary UMTLXitnr? Your dr Miktr letter, posted this day from New York, U at baud, and I bovewUI) enclose my auswer lo tb? exocutive committee of the geutlemen chosen by the Utica couventioa OR a Stale roinmittee, whleh Is si.tmtantlally a- reply to your interrogatories, and- which 1 hope will prove irlttfims ry. Very res^i<ctfuliy, j our obedient servant, A1.LKN MUNROB. KKTRACTH W REPLY TO THB THHF.S QOItaTIOM Or TH? OURlOH LKAt.UK ? ft Ik with pleasure that I orrw/uvt tn auswnr your various quesiuini. because, Urst, 1 Miore that the people hate ik right to know tie opinions of ctndulates placed In nomination tor office, on all subjects which may come before-them for oClcial action. And, siwondly, I km rrasou to think that my opinion on the canal robcy of tbe Mate baa been uaraistentlv and in some Instances intentionally misreprtwented. To your iirnt question I auawer tlutl 1 am tu. favor of the immediate completion of the enlargement of tiie State canals according to law. and if sleeted to a seat ta ttte Legislature, w U1 labor for its accomplishment by the opening of navigation in 1860. economy sn(*> fmgalitv coull be s>i)j?M?ted for llir waste and extravagance wbiah have cbaraotoHMd tbc manr-Etiment of the State oanais for uutny years past, I Relieve much less would b? said in referetxe to their sale. It Is HlisobiWy necessary that '-his f,reat intereatsbould be looked after and takeu cart- ef in the name manner that a prudent business man looks after ancMakea care of liisown ailairs, 1 am utterly opposed to tteir si?, believing it tor the. best Interests of tne people t'.iat tbe "Oanats should remain the property of the Stale aud under Its Diuiageineut forever." Third.? It la tbc duty of the Legislature to protect the agricultural, sun: ufad urine and mere .utile iuWtOats of th- State, so far an it is possible from any unjust sui* tinl'mr disoriminalious practiced by the railrond ciinpaiiiea In the transportation of merchandise. 1 believe it is well tmdnrsio id by all concerned In the carrying trad i, that long or through freights can be transported at a cheaper rate than short or wav freights. If this bo tlie cas?, legislation shouud be so direetel as to do no iujiistice, while it fa tirm and derisive In the prlocip'.i, I should favor a jutt and equitable pro rata bill as neeewutry hi preventing the railway companies from cfcargi' g excessive rates wiibiu tbo boundaries or our State, and between points not accessible to other means ol transportation, and raising the rates beyond a proper proportion dm iug the suspension of canal navigation. 1 nave thus replied to your Interrogations, oosflnmg my auswsis U> as short a spaeo and as much directness as possible, believing that UiLh whole subject will com/i b'-fors the next I,eftlslataire, Where it will be thoroughly discussed and placed hefore the people for their enlightened judgment. Vourooedient servant, AI.l.KK MMNKOK . ? ,, Weekly Report a* Deatfca 4 ci jr ana of Now York, from the 22d to tha 29th day of October, 186?. Ken, 80; women, 89; boys, 107- ?jr|s a& T?tai <jt? Adults, 169; rhiUlr en,W Ws * W;1^ ' ill colored persona, 11. ' ' ... , , B*-*T1W FROM AU80WTO WSWA31 Aibtiniinariaand Kright'g Fever, puerperal. . o dixease ol kidneys 4 Kiver, raattlHt. ?> 1 Feverlsc^eT. 13 ADoSeir"' '* } Pevor, typhoid.. 7 Apoplexy _.... . 4 Fever, typhus 1 Bleeding from lungs & Heart, diiasc of I Bronchitis H> Uoopiig rough! . '. ? '.i.' i ? ? 2 I?fa"W"*tio? oir bowels ' " 7 S^^th!furCMl J Information or brain .Jill &?r??*w 1 Inflammation of heart l Cance.ofthe hver 1 Inflammation or liver;:.': 1 Cholera inrantiii:;;::.;: I iSSSSofitofe-1! rongrstfon 'oriho'nram; ; ! 7 KiSS^ disow or 1 gW""".. 68 Marasmus, infantile 2* Collisions, adult 2 Measles ** Avulsions, infantiio.... 2ft Mortification. ? Debility , ?ju ii: : : :::::; ; : ll ^t;acaUon <* j Debility, infantile.... .... 4 Pleurisy a Diarrhoea 9 Quitter. .7.7.'. T i??W- 2 Scrofula i Dropsy in the chest 8 Smallpox .. 1 Dropsy in Uiq head 18 Softening or tl'io biain.' ' 1 DywiUtery ....... . 5 .Sore throat, malignant.. l Enlargement of the hoart. 1 Stricture or the liowels 1 Erysipelas 2 Toothing J Fever, bilioui 1 Ulceration of the bowels: 1 T?,a' ? 849 DEATHS KKOM HTKR.YAI. AXii OTHER OAUSKS Sot WiPE-NOWO UPOK CLIMATIC OR SKAHO.V. Asphyxia. 1 Dr0WB"i a Burned or scalded 1 * ?? "*'? * Casualties _ ?utolni>crauce '!#?oq br falls - 2 Oklagc ....... *? Oa?uau*?7, '(?' } L?if0Q. P 'a"'Ianuiu "" 1 Ootuprer^fl of tt>e ? J Premature birth. . , Cyanosis * fW?WW<)a, UCCiciuuVai"- i Delirium tremc us 1 * Total... .7.7.*:;.. ^ In addition to the above there were 28 still lioru " " RECAPITUJulTION ? PltdCASlB CLASRien SSSf'Sfr*0-1 1 Sn^rematuro Brain uml nerves 76 birth 1 un,,llur,) S5;^? :,1 " cS5-' autl crui-?? O'Worga^: 3l Total . :; ; ; ;:: ... rr Of which 11 were from violent ^causes." ? . . AOK.S. tTnderlyear 90 80 to 40 yean, 37 I to 2 years 46 40 to 60 yea, -n a to 6 years 47 60 to 00 years H in, ??ypHrs 13 80 to 70 years fj Ifi !? ? :VOarfi 4 70 to 80 years... ; ;???? *2 16 to 20 years 7 80 to 90 years . ? ^ ? 26 years 17 oo u> 100 ? ? 2b to 30 years 21 Unknown.... .W^.;;;;; 3 Total ? ? . _ KAmriTnw. ^ nuljfh Amemea 1 Prussia... n 4 Scotland.. 7. 9 ^rnnco 1 Switzerland.... ? lrelS^'y 120 States .... 7." V. ' *248 |f^n<1 87 Unknown ,u,,y waies 1 1 Total I .. . T... rr-Buo ijwnnmojwi: 4 8t- v?icont's Hwpitii"" 1 Hospital ........ 5 Wnrd'R Tcti/i pm?u **''*?* . Lunatic Asylum. Blk'Is tel. 1 Workhouse,' Bl? WiSsl 1 Nursery and Child's Hos. 2 1 Total ? WAKJM. i ? 13 J0 ? 2 14 {" * 16 , 1 i6 : 3o ? 17 17 ? 1 13 18 5? I 14 19...::::;:: ;;; ? 20 07 JJ 21 ?I " 26 22 is 12.. ?; Total \ 1 The number of deaths, compared wit) ?>' YiVirrnoV ^ !;g??k, .t m, ,M iH5a, i K;y;rnS: Week ending October 31, 1857 401. Decree 00 " October 30, 1858 34^ liufro^, Oct. 22, 1859.. / I' om abgoluto diaoaae. . .^48 V ' j ' external cauRos, &c. 18 1 3(50 Oct. 29, 1869. . 1 ' absolute disease. . .349 ? Increase this week 'Xte.rUalcauau8.&'-- 23) 372 Crrr IMOTCT0R'^^^Aitr>ucAiTf POlilTlCAlt. fStta scven oc,ockAimf.? Cbakcf.1 UK. \H*ACI 7. K0wi'e*. Cliairmsa. M. Ambrose GiixjhrjWT, ) ? J! r['T,Yv?^ THR nKMOORAOT OF THE FIRST PROCLAMATION. Cooiffi9* 0<mnafl "?? K8WABO , ^ . ? OMTC HUMDBKD 0OU.AKS far the detection of any person VOTINO ?r ftttempttng U rot* . 1LBBOALLT. or of ?nrpentao who *?ll pi^eure, and uM, eoaaaelara^ ^?TbSMn?;?;0ih*tpur^?t 019 JPUKBUAr THK 8fH DAT OP WOTEMBER NEXT to be paid upon the conviction of the oAoder, and thor.Aia Becorder, District Attorney, or the ?? !' the Omrt where convicted, tlua inch ooimniin ?.f 1! npon the teatintony of the pe^oa or Rut all elahrs for and) reward, not Demented tm th? j? ?<?ned In writing within twenty days after the JL.JLJi? Ir *u?h ofteudrr, ?G*11 be dUreaanied oaavtottoa if Olrea under my hand, at the Mayor's office N.w Trail, Oct. 28, lan?4"1?* *' ?ANN, May*. R1 POlJTIOAIi. KGULAB ONION NOJONATIO*. nrm ubnatorui, dutbiot. (Tenth, Klereoth, 1 hirtt-entb aud .Seveueoaik <rv4t| KftR HKb A 1 UK, MKBWIM K. BBSH? KB. 1) KGULAB OhMOOKATIO RKITJBLIOAN NOfflBA. IV tiou ? .Such htauatoruU lHatrict-Math. nlfc, iMalli? dfc end ttfhu^uth KfrdH. ___ Wit J J A* McMUKRAT. pKfUBLICAN. WH1U AND PBOPUTS NOMINAMMV. XV Huuh Assembly district ? Hixteeuth wariL . Kor AtMwatbly. &AY1D h. JAVjUBH. (J8VKNTU AKSKMIil.Y DI8TBK/T. _ _5?PubUc?n norafuation, VBBOBUIOB a. OtMKUKO. WILLIAM R. BOH n A nm?n*ii*8 l~_ FftvwiHl feWMft At H ^#wA, to * itoun ka hooqob u?a eembiy from the Twentieth ward. lUa. Keraamlo waad \ powUn ely^be preatni, and, wttk Mr. Boblnaaa ^ ott?^ 4TH RICNATOttt At lJlBTfcWT. Pint, 8?WltW, rmk, Fifth, Ml, SereMfc, ?m UtminrifeT^iuMteM Itegalar Wwdmllw. VOX BBRAKOX. JOnN MeLBOD MPRPfTT. _ , HRNBY r. WBBT, tifaah-. Hml ?J AMtoOuimi?,SM _ j_TM 8BN ATOH&Ak^ DOTBIOT. ML Unioo MB ?8AM0KL HjCOU 4m SBNATOBML DUUBICT*. Comprising (h? tint, Beoeod, Third, Fnurtk, Kink, With, i fourteenth wards. Demsciatic Reptrtittean Regular rOK ST AltK 8KH ATOH. WIUUlfM wiuiolr. ?;th assembly dibtbiot. ? Ten Ui, Ifcirtevnib, KourtMuth and Seventeen* The UaaOdatoof tw United DeaaMrao r. MoiAH and Tammanf. SAMV&ITwiS&TBB. 7TH ASSEMBLY DISTRICT. Regular American Nomlnnliwi. for Member of Assumbir. RKNRT J. IRVIAitL 1 A TIf ASSKMBLY DISTRICT- KTflHTfeKNTH Wi i-X People's American and Whig Hiinlanlina For Member of Aasemblr JOHN a <pOCKB. 21 ST VVABI). Fifteenth Assembly District Democratic Republican Nomlnattoa. For Assembly, OBO. W. VaBIAN. NOTU'K TO ELECTION OOMMITTBH8. ? TnB Mjriber is preporod to furnish cheap Bavelepealbr lara; also to gi un or fold Tickets for the election next day. SAMUEL RAYNOR, Envelope Manufacturor, No. II* William street. POLITICAL.? THE SMALL RUBBER BUGS FOBPABteniae ballots can be bad of the sole manufacturer, (wader the Goodyear patents) O. A. BONN KB, at SO John streak, apposite Dutch, and of <1 W. Brewer, ooruer of Ninetasnifc Mt aud Koarth a venae. UIH/HKtt, KOUHS, AC.. TO ItHB. A FURNISHED HITTING ROOM AND BEDROOM tlL let, with large pantries aid baih room, la Twuatg street near Broadway. kefereaces etohaogod. Iaqaire tar sr address at Madiaon s^aare Poet oUioe. Ahandsomelt furnished housr in brook lyn to let, with all the modern improvement*; one Moek iron Myrti* avenue sua aud abou. Uu minutes' wallet* at Wall or Fuiton Terry. Apply to JOHN L. WHITR, 127 I , oa avenue. HANDSOIIBLT FURNISHED HOUSE WIT* ALL. bond Apply -.j,, A FURNISHED HOD8K TO LET.? WILL BR I.KT rOft a bearding holme; It Is pleasantly situated dawn town, oa tbe west aide of aod near Broadway. It wUl be lei by fta week Kdealred. Apply at 21 Lfspenard street, from 10 till A o'clock. TVE8K ROOM TO LRT-IN A VERY ELIGIBLR OFFIOH, J J at 218 Fulton street, over 'he Ocean Bank, front rma^ now occupied by onapersca. Rent at Hie rate ?f$6U per year till 1st May, ana do eiperwes. Inquire at US Fulton street, treat room, third storj , tTem H A.M. till 3 V. M. FURNISHED HOUSE.? a SMALL THRKE RTOMr llouae, furnished complete, to let, toa small private fiaadv street, near Fifth avenue. Apply tow. PART OF A HOUSE TO T.ET-IN THE HANDSOME new three story brick house No. ? West Twentf -fifth street, first door east of Tenth avenue; has all the modem improvements; healthy location; nice rooms, and Is admirably adapted for convenience and comfort; terms, Ac., very Moderate. Apply on the premises from 10 A. M. until S P. M. ROOMS TO LET? UNFURNISHED, WITH AU. "* modern Improvement. to gentlemen Mly. > ,i"S t&rrott plaoe, Bleacker street ?|f ^OnADBfi" TO LET OR FOR SALF ? ? ? ? D stantlal brick Mansion Hotuc re -THE OLD BOB"fchsdes," corner of Front and Doe' -antiy occuniod as th? 41Sb>- 110, oriy eme block fro- stSe^BrwkFjm; ground Apply to C. K. FROST, 41 F ? Fulton or Catharine ferry, ? ? .. - niton street, Brooklyn, TO LET? TWO T ? ? ... ? __ above tb< -AlRGfc 5>aRLORS ON FIRST FLOOR, r*' l w<ub or P KM. chandeliers, and pferns^ formst^ to#--, or will be handsomely carpeted ;idt _ ?>: - -J" either party at a reasonable price. Apply at TTj, way, corner Ninth street. TO LET ? A NEAT THREE STORY BRICK HOUSE. OH the Parlors, K'tehen and sleeping Rooms, water. g?saad IV nge; in a quiet neiWiborliood, near Abingdon square. Apply on the | remixes 14 Itethunc street. Rent fur the spatltntnW WW. ' ___ TTr^T. FURNITURE FOR SALE FOR CASH. A FIRST rdswuirW *45 ^4?*rdi"? House, eligibly looated near WssfcJligtor. utM *>J Br aadway, filled witfi profitable boarders, XdVXu,i,eVrn^e^ vsrt.s^Sfcr? Kor particulars apprj * JfcNNOCJL & CO n 429 IJretulway, room 21. TO IF.T-THE UPPER PA**' ?*" 'J1? HOUSE IM Fifty first street, near all r > Kltckea, tt.ree bedrooms; water, gas, marble fti^oteis. Inquire gf O. I. VAN, t I fly aecond street, opposite the |l?^??es TO LET? THE HOUFE 164 WR8T TWflNTfc SIXTH street, furnished or unfurnished; also 166 West Ttrentynixtli street, l>oth containing all the modern improvenumts. Inquire at 164, between the hours of 10 o'clock A M. andt 1". M.; alter and before those hours, at shop rear of 173 West Twenty lifth sti eet rpo LET? THE FIVE STORV STONE HOUSE, 79 EAST A Fourteenth hL, finished with all tbe modern Improvement^ aud contains thirtj live rooms. Also, a Store, No. 71, a few doors from the Opera, Riillable for n saloon, piano salesroom or cabinet maker, having a large extension In the rear, laquire at 76 Knst Fourteenth street. TO I.ET? THE WHOLE (TITER PART OF THE MODERM high stoop, first cUss House, 146 East Thirtieth street, seven nice rooms, wi'h all the improvements and privilege sr using back kitchen, range, boiler, Ac., or will let the tlooi separate to a man and wife. Apply to BRADLEY. 1 t niton street, for terms. riio I.ET? THE RESTAURANT AND FIXTURES AT 8ff 1 and 819 Broadway, turner of Twelfth *treet. Also front and corner rooms on second, third and fourth floors, at roduoed. rents. Apply to JOHN 8. KKLSO, 62 William street. TO LET- TO A SMALL RESPONSIBLE FAMILY, WISHing to save rent by occupying and taking cure of a country place near the city, <ff easy access To a person w ith a salary or small income It would lie very comfortable. Address box Z.0B8 Post ofllee. TO I.ET? TO A OENTEEI. FAMILY, THK SECOND Floor of the bouse ti9 Charton streiet, conslsUng of five Uoorns, with two Rooms In the attic, the l'rout Basement and a Cellar. Inquire at 33 King street. TO LET? A FOUR STORY BROWN 8TONE ENOLISH basement House; partly furnished; locution on Thirty. Mxth street, between Filth and SUth avenues. Will be let for |i2S0 cash per annum; and can board gentleman, wife and servant KIN8H1MER, 343 Fourth avenae. tO I.ET? A LARGE THREE STORY BRICK HtJHJJ. Ing, suitable for store or manufacturing purposes. Water a i?d gas In building. Inquire on premises of WILLIAM JOHN OOhS, 46 Marlon street. TO LET-RENT VERY LOW TO MAY I, 1806, THK lu-ge ftittr story house No. 71 Nassau street. Bruoklya. (seven mtnutes walk from Fulton or Catharine ferry); alxteea rooms in all; gas and water. Inquire of A. M. FaNNINO, 269 Bowery. ? TO LET? HOUSES AND PARTS. HOU8E 136 CHURCH street; psrt of house 113 Cannon street; three front roona t>2 Forsyth street; three rooms 187 Forsyth street; four roooa '144 Ninth street; apartments of two rooms esch in different parts of tbe city. Inquire of A. M. FANNINO, 269 Bowery TO LET-STORE, BASEMENT AND GOOD OFFICES. In tiio new marble building, now finishing, No. 82 Nassau street, a few doors below FulUin street. For particulars laquire of A. M. FANNING, 269 Bowery, near Houston street. TO LET-IN ' BROOKLYN, THE SECOND STORY OF House, 88 Tillary street, with three rooms and one room oa third story; rent 1 10 per mouth In Bdvanec; three persons now In house aud no children. Sewn minutes' walk from tarrim. TO LET OR LEASE?AT LOWER RAYBNHWOOD. 2D* feet south of the steamboat landing, a Cottage nnd Outbuildings, with two acres of tlround; can be reached by steambout Martin, from Fulton street, East river. Inquire of H. MERK1TT, 49 Third avenue, or address the ownor, J. R., Herald ofllee. TO IiEASE FOR A TERM OK YEARS FOR A GROCERY s'ore or boarding house, the premises 24 Albany street, near the corner of West street. Apply to HENRY LAWRENCE. 238 West Nineteenth street, or 15 Nassau street, rosea 21 tVjmmon wealth Bank buildings r LEASE, OR FOR SALE? THE FOUR STORY HOUSX, 163 Bleeeker street, corner of Thompson street, sultaMa for a boarding house. Apply to BENJ. NATHAN, 2* street, or No. 4 West Twenty -third street. TO RENT- A NUMBER OF LARGE AND DB8IRABUI Rooms, furnished or unfurnished, with full or p artist Board, for single gentlemen or gentleman and wlfs. It* house has nil the modern Improvements and is pleasantly lae?e?jj Appiy at No. 201 Henry street between U A. M. aat TO COAL MKN.-TO LEASE, FOR FIVE OR TKK years, the old Coal Y*rd, SS3 Rlvington street; oooapie* flfleen years as a coal yart. The present owner not beiag a coal man, will leaae the yard and olllce for live or (en years at a fair rent. It Is well fenced and covered? all complete. Ayply to PAtTEN, 91 Division street. YACANT LOTTO LEABE-ON THE NORTH BfM OT Morton street, tear West. Tbe lot is 25 fiet Ut widtfc by 128 feet In depth. The lot will be leased from one t# sis years. Apply to T. MAOFARLAM * tXTS, 180 Tenth dreet, near Third avenue.

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