New York Daily Herald from New York, New York on October 26, 1859 · 1
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New York Daily Herald from New York, New York · 1

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THE NEW.YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 8451. MQ&NING EDITION- WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1859. PRICE TWO CENTS. I ^=rrrtrr=r THE HABFEE'8 FEBHY OUTBREAK. lie Preliminary Legal Proceedings In the Case of the Prisoners. LI) BROWS HARANGUE TO TOE COURT. HE TESTlKOliY OF THE WITH ESSES. THE CASE 8EMT TO THE GRAID JURY. 'itiable Condition of Brown and Ms Companions. HE SPEEGH OF GOV. WISE AT RICHMOND. 'e Eitoto the (oorafc ?f the miliary, and hat a Good Oytnlaa of the Flock ?f the Conspirators. ENATOR MASON'S VIEWS OF THE PLOT. oahua It Giddinga' Statement to the PubUc. ?TEEJESTDTG REVELATIONS FORTHCOMING, he. tc? he. Chariwtows, Va. , Oct. 25, I860. Tho trial of Brown and other Harpers Ferry conapirars commenced hero to-day in the Magistrates' Court. Bfc. Davenport was the presiding JusUce, and the followg magistrates wero associated with him on the bench:? r. Alexander, John J. Lock, John F. Smith, Thomas H. 'litis, tieorge W. Eicheltoerger, Charles H. Uiwis and , oees W. Burr. At half past ten o'clock tho Sheriff was reeled to bring In the prisoners, who were conducted om tho Jail under u guard or eighty armed men. A lard was also stationed around tho court Tho Court ,ouse was bristling with bayonets on all sides. Charles Harding, Esq., acted as attorney for the county, assist by Andrew Hunter, Counsel lor the Commonwealth . prisoners were brought in, Brown and Edwin Coppio ?anaclcd together. Brown seemed weak and haggard, ith eyes swollen from the effects of wounds on the head. ?>ppie is uninjured. Stephens seemed less inured ?an Brown, but looked haggard and depressed, oth havo a number of wounds on the head. John Cop 4id is a bright mulatto, about twenty five years old, aud tie Ids Green is a dark negro, aged about thirty. Sheriff Campbell read the commitment of the prtsonors, ho were charged with treason and murder. Mr. Harding, the attorney for the State, asked that tho rart might assign counsci for the prisoners, if tli?y had jne. The Court then inquired if the prisoners had counsel ? In repiy Old Brown addressed tlie court as follows:? Viw;i!?ia.nm ? I did not ask Tor any quarter at the time I as taken. I did not ask to havo my life spared. Tho overnor of the State of Virginia tendered me his advance that I should havo a fair trial ; but under no cir imstances whatever will I bo ablo to havo a fair trial, you seek my blood, you can have it at any moment ithout this mockery of a trial. 1 havo had no counsci; havo not been able to advise with any one. I know nhing about tho feelings or my fellow prisoners, and am Xerly unable to attond In any way to my own defence, y memory don't serve me; my health is iusuflleient . though improving. There are mitigating circumstances ?at I would urge In our favor, if a fair trial Is to be a! wed us; but if we arc to be forced with a mere form? a ial Tor execution? you might spare yourselves thnt ouble. I am ready for my fate. 1 do not ask t trial, beg for no mockery of a trial? no insult? n> 'hing ut that which couscioneo gives, or cowardico would rive you to practice. I ask ?gain to be excused from trio lockery of a trial. I do not oven kn>w what tho special cstgn of this examination is. I do not know what is to the benefit or it to the Commonwealth. I have now ttle further to ask, other than that I may not be foolishly ?suited only as cowardly barbarians insult thos'1 who fall i to thoir powor. At the conclusion of TSrown's remarks, tho Oocrt. asgned Charles J. Kaulkner and Lawson BotU as counsel >r the prisoners. Mr. Failkxkk? I was about to remark to tho Court that HhouKh J feel at any time willing to discharge any duty ?hith the Court can legally claim, and by authority of ; iw devolve upon me, I am not aware of any authority rhich this Court has, sitting as an examining court, to isign counsel for tho defence. Besides, it is manifest, ?0m the remarks just made by one of the prisoners lat he regards tho appearance of counsel under je.li circumstances not as a bona fide act, but itlicr ,as a mockery. Under these circumstances. do' not feel disposed to assumo tho jsponsiblllty of that position. I have other reasons for pelining tho jiosition, connected with my having been at le place of action and hearing all the admissions of tho risoners, which render it improper and inexpedient for H) to act as counsel. If tho Court had authority to order j peremptorily I should acquiesce and obey that autho,ty. 1 am not awa re that thei is any such power vested this court; but, as it is tho prisoners' desire, I will seo sal full justJee is dono them. Mr. Hons said ho did not feel It to bo his duty to declino le appointment of the Court. He was prepared to do his est to defend the pr honors, and he hoped the Court rould assign some experienced assistant in case Mr. auikner persisted In his declination. Mr. Harmso addressed Brown, and asked him if ho ?a-- willing to accept Messrs. Faulkner and Botts as his ounsel Y ! Mr P.kowx replied : ? I wish to say that I have sent for ounsel. I did apply , through the advice of others, to ome persons, whose names I do not now recollect, to act counsel for me, and I have sent for other counsel, who ave liad no possible opportunity to seo me. I wish for ounsel if I am to have a trial; but if I am to have nothing ut the mockory of atrial, as I said, I do not care any aing about counsel? it Is unnecessary to trouble any genleman with that duty. Mr. HardcTO ? -You are to have a lair trial. Mr. Brows? Thoro w to certain inon? Ithlnl: Mr. Botts ,as one of them-who de. lined acting as counsel, but I not positive about it. 1 cannot rememb r whether o was one, because 1 havo heard so many names. | am stranger here. I do not know the disposition or ohara. j ??r of tho gentlemen named. I have applied l?r couns I i f my own, and doubtless eould have them, if I am not, .is J said before, to be hurried to execution before they can each me. But il that is the disposition that is to bo made me. all this trouble aud expense ean be saved. Mr. Harimuhi ? The question is, do yon desiro the aid o' lossrs. Faulkner and Botf :m your counsel r Tlea-o to nswer, y< n or no. Mr. Hiaiw.t ? I eaunot re /ai d thi- as in exam.uat " i odor any circuinstinccs. I would prefer that they hould exercise their own pleasure. I feel as if it w as a antler of very little account to in". If they bad d( -"iuw il assist me as counsci. I should have wanted an opporjulty to consult them al my leisure. Mr. Harikm'' ? Stopliuns, are yon willing those geotlemon houM act your counsel. Mr. SiWHSJi* ? I am Willing lhat gentleman -liaii (p.'int,g to Mr. l*At<). Mr. Mak11'*"- "l,.t;'et to Mr. Kaulkuerr Mr. SWHR'W- -No; I am williusto take both. Mr. Harding <?hirc-'se(l l d. li of Ujf uth.r prisoners ->paitoly, and each Atat^l In- wiilinTii.vs to l*. defended by u' counsel twui >W ? The Court *su?d a peremptory ordc.- that the press nmild not i*?blish defiled testimony, as It would render ?. getting of a Jury bw'or.- the Circuit Ooi.n Impassible. The examination then proceed) I. IjtWIS Wa-'II1" Ol" eii -d -At ehonl. one ?v look on Kuu iv night lie 4;*leop..'.nd\.-;u:i.-v.?k. by a uoi^; heard fui'ii' rall'-d went down, aud was surrounded i.', nion Sloyhensrippe -red bo in command: Cook. ? ,.p.,..1 two P' Xi" prl-"' m<t? were along, and un.?*i .? hito man, ?? " w:,r'u M K"'i" r U i h nrftoli rrw'n 1 M (l"' 1,1 il" '',l" ,n, ti',n rs of 1 ?< helm t.:l; n - ? l?ri' >i<er, with his nogn.es, to the armory, and the subsequent events op to Uiftittaok by the marines and big delivery. A. M. KiTTmiutK gave the particulars of his being taken prisoner aud locked up. He subsequently bad several Interviews vrlth Brown, who always treated thorn with a great deal of ruspeot and courtesy; he endeavored to ascertain from Brown what object ho had In view, and he repeatedly told him his only object was to free the slaves, and he was willing to fight the pro slavery men to accomplish that object; on one occasion during the attack I said to Brown, "This is getting to be hot work, and if you will allow mo to interfere, 1 can possibly accommodate matters;' ho went out with Stephens with a Hag of truoe on Monday afternoon; be requested Stephens to remain whilst ho went forward, when Stephens was fired on and fell; I recognise only Brown and Stephens; I counted only twenty two men, early in tho morning, armed with Sharpe's rifles; when Stephens was lying wounded ho remarked to me, "1 havo been cruelly deceived;" to which 1 replied, "1 wish 1 had remained at home." lir. Wjuoiukstun recalled ? In a conversation with Gov. Wise, Brown was told bo need not answer questions unless he clioae; Brown replied he had nothing to conceal? he had no favors to askthat ho had arms enough Tor two thousand men, and could get enough for five thousand if they wore wanted. AunHnuD Bail declared the particulars of his arrest by the insurgents. I had an interview after his arrest, with Brown , who stated that ho had come for no child's play, and was prepared to carry out bis designs; that his object was not to make war against the people, and they would not bo injured if they remained quiet; his object was to place thu United States' arms in the hands of the black men, and ho proposed to free all the slaves In tho vicinity; Brown repeatedly said his whole object was to release tho slaves ; I asked him if some plan could not be arranged for the liberation of myself and the other parisoners? he Raid wo could only bo released by furnlnhiug able bodied slaves in the place of each ; I recognise 9tophens, Green and Brown; Captain Brown told the prisoners, when the charge of the marines was about being mado, that though he did not intend to injure them bimselt, they should equally occupy tho post of danger with himself; that if they were not dear enough to their fellow citisens to aocept the terms he had proposed to secure thoir safety, they moBt be barbarians; Coppie, on the otber hand, told witness and friends to get behind tho (?urines; that he did not wish to see any of them injured; ono of tho insurgents (Becbam) I heard say, "I have dropped him;" I did not soe Captain Brown Are once from the engine bouse; do not think ho fired once; Green fired several times; the prisoners never wore unreasonably exposed. John Aihtadt, ono of the slaveowners wbo was brought into the Armory with his slaves, detailed the particulars of tho battering down of bis door, and his seizure by six armed men. At this point Stephens appeared to be fainting, and a mattress was procured for him, on which ho lay during the balance of tho examination. Mr. Ai.gr adt roBuniod ? Thinks Brown fired sevoral times ; knows bo saw him with a gun levelled; saw all the prisoners except tho yellow man, Copland. AiJtx.ANnKK Kku y detailed tho particulars of the collision with the insurgents, and tho exchanging of several shots; could not identify any of the prisoners. W*. JomnOH testified to the arrest of Copland, the yellow man, wbo was attempting to escape across the river; be was armed witb a spear and rifle, in tho middlo of tho Shenandoah ; he Mild ho bad been placed in charge of Hall's rifle factory by Capt. Brown. Amdrxw Kkn.hsdy was at the jail whon Copland was brought in; I questioned him; he said he had come from tho Western Bescrve of Ohio; that Brown came there in August ,and employed him at twenty dollars per month. Mr. Fai ikxkk objected to tho testimony. as implicating tho white prisoners. Tho l'RK.-aniNO JrrxiK said his testimony could only bo received as implicating himself. Mr Kknvkdt resumed: ? Copland paid that our object was to release the slaves of this country ; that he know of nineteen in the party, bnt there were several others ho did not know. Joseph A. Brua was one of tho prisoners in the engine houpe. and permitted to go out several times with a flag oi truce. During tho firing Coppie fired twice, and at the ^t-qond lire Brown remarked ? "That man is down;" witness thru iu-.kod permission to go out, and found thrt Mr. Beckham had just been shot, and has no doubt that Coppie shot him. Mr. AirrjiuT recalled? Think that Capt. Brown 6hot tho marine who was killed; caw h>m fire. Tli'' preliminary examination being concluded, tho Court remanded the prisoners lor trial bi l'ore tlio Circuit Court. We examination to day was merely to see wh' lhcr the charges arc 01 Butllcicnt importance to go before tlio Grand Jury. To-morrow the Grand Jury will report tito bill, ami Itic case will then bo immediately caUcd for trial There is an evident intention to hurry tLi<- trial through, tad execute the prisoners as goon ob possible, O-nring attempts to rescue th> ra. In the case of servile insurrection, thirty days are not required between conviction and execution, :ih in other capital convictions. The principal witnesses to-day gave precisely the same testimony in detail, as was published in their statement in Monday's New York 11krau>. The Circuit Court of Jetfcraon county , Judge Richard Parker on the bench, assembled at two o'clock. The Grand Jury was called, and tlio Magistrates' Court reported the result of tho examination in tho ease of Captain Bl own an<l the othor prisoners. Tho Grand Jury retired with the witnesses for the State. At flvo o'clock they returned into Court and stated that they had not ilnished tho examination of witnesses, and they were, therefore, discharged until ten o'clock to-morrow morning. It is rumored that Brown is t. "irous of making a full statement of bis motives and intentions through the press, but the Court has refused all further access to him by reporters', tearing that he may put forth something calculated to influence the public mind and to have a bad ellect on tho slaves. The mother of Cook's wife was In tho Court House throughout tho examination. The general belief is, that he If still in the mountains uear tho Forry. On Sunday "niiilil a woman, who keeps a canal lock, says he came to her house and asked the privilege to warm himself. Sho knows him Well, and is a relative of his wife's. Coppie says that ho had ? brother in tho party, and that Brow n had three sous in it. Also that thore were two othu jiersons, named Taylor and Jlazlitt. engaged, so that, including Cook , live have escaped, twelvo wore killed and five captured, making twenty-two in all. Bpyoad a doubt the trial will commence to-morrow morning, although much difficulty is anticipated in obtaining a lury. Ge t.*1.!!) Brown's object in refusing the aid of counsel is that ii '? hap counsel he will not be allowed to spook him ? ? - utberu counsel will not be willing to exprcs.-' I.; - vi. v. -. Ig ;? i -,m riven for hnrrylng the trial Is, that tho per. v the whole county are kept in a state or oxclteln, ii;. -nd a iai,; ? armed force is required to prevent attei.i, : at re-ene. II is pr< sumed U at they will demand separate trials. Alter onTlction, but a few days will be given them before their execution. It is thought that ill but Brown will make a full conftwion. Tlv prisoners if brought into the Court presented a pit table idsht. Hrown and Stevens being unable to stand without assistant , Bi own bos Uiroe sword stabs iu his body ami one sabre cut over the head, ftevons had tliri i ball? Iu his head and had two in bis breast, and ono In his arm Tic Wns also cut on the forehead with a rine bnUet, which glance* off, leaving a bad wound. SPED \1. DESPATCH FROM WASHINGTON. l'XOBAHl.K CAI.I. OF (JOVKKNOR WI.HK IPflli TBli dUVKKNOR* OV NKW TOKK AND OHIO KOR THK .?aiuivNi'Ki: of orntiiT siiiTn. bwdiwis, and UI'HKKft. \r vsuiNfiTOjf, Oct 1159. A l?'ll' r received this moriiiajf Iroin Uielimor.d stites I hut (lover nor 1V;sc, of Virginia, will nuke a demand upe;i IJowerner Mor -an, of N'"\r YVirl for rho rendition 01 Men It 6 will., l,.? being iuililli Ated ill tho .Ulitir at liar Jlft1'* Kerry. If is also hl;<ij]y |>roh<il )c tliat a similar di'uniud will be ni.wK t't/Oi! the Governor of Ohio I'or A-boi J(. Giil dinm uml'otifapi, who are clearly Implicated. THE 1KSURGEMT ARRESTED AT CARLISLE. Caruslk, Pa., Oct. 26, 1869. Nothing has been done in the Insurgent ease to (lay. The motion for a writ of habeat corpus is postponed until to-morrow. SPEECH OP GOVERNOR WISE AT RICHMOND. BIB TESTIMONY TO TBI UNFLINCHING VALOR OK THE TROOP? HIS SKETCH Or THE HARPER'S KERRY TROUBLES. Richmond, Va. , Oct. 22, 1869. When the despatches reached Richmond, late on Monday, the 17th, announcing that the affair at Harper's Kerry was serious, Governor Wise immediately issued order! and determined to depart In person, with what men ho could raise, by tho evening cars. At 8 o'clock P. M. precisely, Captain Gary , with sixty men of Oomi>any F, was ready at tho cars of tho Fredericksburg Railroad, and departed with tho Governor for tho scene of action. Orders were left with Colonel August to follow, with what men he could raise, by the Tuesday morning train. When the car* reached Acquia creek, Monday night, at tho Potomac river, Company F was formed on the deck of tho steamor, and at tho request of Captain Ciry, Governor Wise addressed the men as follows; ? Men of Comimxt F? 1 thank you for your prompt response to the call made ou you at an hour's notice. You are already known a a gentlemen at home, and you are now for the first time to prove yourselves soldiers. CalUxl to rostore order, you will bo careful to preserve order in your own ranks. On no holiday parade, but summoned into actual service, there must be no child's play; aid you must, and I am sure you will, observe strictly the orders and requirements of the service in which you are engaged. It may be my duty to proclaim martiai law; i; will be yours to enforce It with the sternest discipline aud strictest regard to military rule. I shall t>o jealous of your honor, as I am confident you will bo of mine. 1 roly on you. Tho men checrod and were then dismissed. Thcp reached Washington a 'tout one o'clock and wore detained until six o'clock in the morning, tho hour of the Baltimore ears. Governor Wise rode to the quarters of tho Mayor, at the City Hall, and there he was met by Captain Marye, with 28 men of the Alexandria rifles, who were Immediately accepted into service, and thus there was a guard of 01 officers and men, to whom fixed ammunition was distributed at tho Relay Bouse. There tho Governor met the President of tho Baltimoro and Ohio Railroad ? Mr. Girrett ? who promptly forwardod General Stuart, of Maryland, and Governor Wise and his guard to Harper's Ferry. Until within a few minutes of the Ferry the newB was th it the fighting was still going on. At the Relay House Governor Wiso telegraphed to Colonel Lee to mako no terms with tic rioters before his arrival. None wore made, and Colonel IjOC had captured them so mo hours before the Governor arrived. Gov. Wise telegraphed Col. August, at the Relay House, to return with his regiment from Washington to Richmond. Ttio Colonel had reached Washington with 293 men. and hod all the forces goae on the Ckivernor would have Lad at Harper's Ferry, by Tuesday evening, about 600 well equipped aud drilled Virginia troops, besides the hundreds of volunteers who had Hocked to the Ferry without organisation. Company F and Capt. Maryo's riflemen were all who reached the Ferry with Gov. Wiso. They were ordered ba:k by tho niglit train of Tuesday. The Governor remained ou Wednesday examining evidence and ordering for tho safety of the neighborhood and guarding tho prisoners. He went in person with the prisoners and a guard of marines, accompanied by tho sheriff of Jefferson county and tho marshal of the United States, to the prison at Charlostown; saw them safely lodged in jail, stayed there all uight, and returned to Harper's Ferry Thursday morning, where ho organized a guard, and then left on his return to Richmond, where he arrived on Friday last, about 2 o'clock P. M. Ho was received by Company F and a largo concourso of citizens, and was by them escorted to the tiovernment House. On arriving thero Capt. Cary formed his company in front ol' tho mansion , and from its steps Gov. Wiso addressed them as follows- ? Captjuw Cary, Company F, anl? fkli.ow citizrns ? If you and 1 never had a fellow focling boforo, we havo it now. Rumors of insurrection, invasion, robbery and murder by ruffians on our borders, called you to the field, to exert the authority of your State to protect the safety of her people. You, fellow cit'7.ons, and citizen soldiers (addressing Company F), won; ready to start and did start on the path of duty at a moment's warning; and wo found others like you lying in wait on that path, who tendorod their service. 1 thank you? 1 thank all who joined you, and wcro ready to Join, with my whole heart, for this wholo people, not only for being ready, but for the manner in which your duty was performed. It is duo to you and your fellow citizens that 1 should say, and that thoy should know that you were to do, and if necessary to die. in their defence. 1 kept my eyo upon you, and I proudly attest tint you were men. (Applause.) Ab telegraph upon telegraph met us on tho way, that the fighting was still going on, informing us of the dang' * of the prisoners hold as host ages by the marauders, aaJ of tho death in tho assaults by the troops, your ooilftnancos w. re bright with the cheerfulness that you wruld l?e there in tho imminent breach. No man lamed pale, no cheek blanched; no face was blind:, until, within a few miles of the scene, wolearned tu.it all was over, and that viotory was won without tho aid of your right arms. Tho brightness of your lo<.;.\3 ftided not until we found, whon we got there, *r v. or to look only upon the doad, the dying and tho wounded. On the way I reminded you tUat you were already known at home in tho character of gentlemen, and that you were called on to win tho character | of soldiers. That character you havo won. (Applause ) \ Although not commanded to charge a bayonet or pull a j trigger, you preserved order, composure, 'iiguity and dU j cipline in the midst of the highest excitement and cinl'ii i sion I havo ever witnessed. I especially thank you and | the soldiers who joined us on the way, aud 1 would pass a special encomium upon Capt. Marye, of tho Alexandria j Rllles. who, without waiting for ball ami cartridge, joined US nt Wushinston with twentv-eiirht men. and eimhlerl mo to proceed wlili a guard of ninety ono A irginia soldiers to Ilarpor's Kerry. (Applause^ Let mo also thank Oil Atm and the corps of Hie First regiment uf Virginia Vo- ] luntoers, who left this city under his orders the n^xt morn - ing. These, and all who marched towards tho scene ? all, i all who were on the way as prompt us preparation j could bo made, and as speedily as steam could ! convey them, 1 thank with the deepest gratitude. I re- ; gretted to feol it my duty, at the Relay Mouse, to order the Urst rc-imeut to r> turn to Richmond from WashingIon. We there lieard that Col. Leo had telegraphed that , no more United states troops would bo wanted, and or- ; tiers to those from Fortress Monroe were countermanded. But 1 took on company F, if neod be. to form guard and ( scour the surrounding country. When wc arrived at Harper's Ferry, I found that there had been doubly more than ample foreo. The galtant volunteers of Jefferson were first on the ground, and soon after them the noble men of Berkeloy were there. Farmers, with single ami double barrelled shot guns, and with plantation riliew, were there. Tho people, with arms and without arms, rushed to tho scene. For what? What had happened? What summoned tliem to shoulder muskets and snatch weapons as they could? What had disturbed their peace? What threatened their safety and to sully their honor? Alas! to the disgrace of the nation, not of Virginia ? I repel all imputation upon her ? but to the disgrace of somebody, fourteen w hite ruffians and five negroes had been permitted to take tho I'nited Stales arsenal, with all Its arms and treasure, and to hold it for twenty four hours, ut that Thermopylm of Aracrica, Harper's Ferryon the confines of two slave states, with tho avowed object of emancipating their slaves at evory hazard, and tho very perpetratiou of the seizure aud the imprisonment of the inhabitants, and of robbery and murder and treason! Yon will indignantly ask ? how could such outrago and disgrace be brought upon a country like this, strong as It is in everything? I will briefly inform you. Congress had by la*- displaced tho regular army from the sujterintendi'nce of its own arms, as if it was unworthy of the trust of its own affairs; and its officers very naturally turned away in disgust from giving attention to litis arsenal. A civil superintendent was placed in charge, and 1 know the gentleman, a Virginian, is as worthy of It as any civilian can be. He was absent on official duty at Springfield, Mass. ; and I have great confidence, had ho been at tho arsenal, it could not have been captured und held as it wau. And I do not mean to go into tho dispute or question whether civil or military superintendence is most proper over a manufactory and arsenal of arms. Bui this I do say, emphatically" and indignantly, that, whether the su]>ermU;ndcnce was civil or military, there ought to have been an organized and sufficient military guard there; and there was Nothing of the kind. There was no watch, even worth naming, nnd no guard at all. Thus, an arsenal, which ought to be a depot of arms and munitions of deftnoc for tho citizens at^all limes to flee to for means of protection, became a depot for desperadoes to assail us, and a positive danger to our people. It would be better for Virginia and Maryland to liave tho arsenal removed from their borders than to allow it thu3 to become a danger by buirg left unguarded. Tho civil su porintendent was not responsible for a military guard. The question, Who is responsible, i leave to the proper executive authorities of tho United States. By tho grossest negligence somewhere, which it is not my duty lo look after or to correct, except to proclaim it and complain of it for the sake of the protection due to our own people, nineteen lawless men have seized thi.- arsenal, with Its arms and spoils, aud have imprisoned , and robbed aud murdered our inhabitants. "IfowV' you eagerly inquire. Ever since tho border war in Kar.s*s ceased, and the abolition ruffians there were disbanded, their leader has been or ganlzing this invasion. They hold a convention, i seems, at Chatham, Canada West, within a year nnd formed what Uiey cull a provisional government with Its President, Vice Presidorit , Secretary of State, Secretary of War, Treasurer, Arc. ; with its Supreme Court, its Congress and its Commander-in-Chief. The notorious chief oT bandits in Kan -as, John Brown, tho terror of Ofsawntomio and Fort Scott, was appointed commanderin-chief, and ho and his sons and other agents perambulated the whole conntry and correspoaded in all parts. They traversed Ohio, Missouri, Iowa, Onaada, Pennsylvania. New Yorfc, New Kngland, Maryland, Virginia, "Kentnckj', Tennessee. Tu these iwrtieulariy, and iu other States, tbey had emissaries collecting funds, oniistiug men, taking the census actually of Slaves, preparing arms and monitions of war, looking outTbr depots, aud spying out the weal: points for attack. About .Tune of this vear, Hrown, under the name of John Smith, rented what is called the Kennedy f arm, within six miles of narpcr's Ferry. Thi r" and thereabouts, nt various Umes, ho col lotted 'ioo Share's rifles, i!00 revolver pistols, some number of other otiu arms, among the rest n large riilo on a ptvot, caiT ring a two ounce ball in the fortn of a slug, ranging a loOfc distance, and 1 ,000 spears, about eight feet long, with a Wade teu Inches long, about two itiohei wide. < '.lagged sharp" on both edges, sharp )K>inted, cat auJ thru -t, with ;i belt and a turned Bhaft of hickory, with afurruleat the end where the blade in let into tho w<od, and a screw through Iho furrulu ami wood and shaft o t the blade. These b pears were obviously modi lor tho hantis of negroos, to do tho butchery ol servile ronurrecUoB. Besides th**e arms, he hud a liuxe quantity or clothing, wearing apparel ami bod olothiug; a more of surgical instruments, lint, medicines anil the minutest preparations and provision of all kinds. At do time had ne more tbau twenty two men, and on the night of Sab bath, the 10th inst. , be invaded the oouniy of Jeff tr sou and Harper's Kerry with hutninuteen men? one of (lie latter from Canada, oue born In North Carolina arid last from Ohio. Three men camo, few as th?y wore, from far distant points? from Esse* county, New York, from Norwich county , from llarrlsburg, Peno., from Iowa, from Ashtabula, Ohio, au<l from (Canada and other placos. Tbey transported their arras through Pittsburg to Cluunbersburg, a man named Henrio being chief agent, aiid at tbe latter place concentrated, and thence moved to tha Kennedy farm In Maryland. There they had beon for twrne six or eight weeks. During the time these prepara lions were on foot, they kept a man namod John E. Cook at Barper's Furry, or no*r by, professedly teaching Kchool in Maryland at-roes tho Potomac epposite the arsenal. Ne hud married at Harper's Ferry, and his wife's mother and brother livod there; and lie Hiient niuch of his lime thero. Ho was lu constant eouimumcation with the slaves of the surrounding country, took a census of thorn, aud was thoroughly In formed of everything about tbe arsenal. Tbe plan of operations, with all this opportunity and information, was easily formed and executed. On the night of the lGtb, armed with rifles and revolvers, tho nineteen men, about one o'clock, entered tho town, put out tho light*', cut tho telegraph w ires, aud ktalioned thirteen to arrest tho inhabitant* as they should appear in tbo morning, one by one and two by two, unsuspicious of danger and unarmed, ami to imprison them in the strong walled yardis Willi irou gates. Six of tho men, Captain Stephens at their head, went four miles into the county of Jeilerson and took Col. Washington and Mr. Alstadt from their beds, placed them and their slaves in a four horse wagon, and drove tho masters prisonepf to Harper's Ferry. Oook,ono of the men of this expedition, drove the wagon and slaves across tho Potomac into Maryland, to briug in tho spoors and other arms they had left at their depot, to prevent them from failing into the bands of troops or people who might come to attack them. They did not need the arms, for they captured tho arsenal ; but their object was to prevent them from failing into the hands of tho unarmed country people. Thus, when Monday morning dawned, they bad fully opened the desperate campaign. They shot a poor negro on the bridge: they bad stopped the cars going eastward , and detained them for hours; they had cut the telegraph wires, had captured Washington and Alstadt and their slaves four miles off in tbe country, bad sent Gook and the slaves to bring In their arms, and began to imprison the operatives of the arscBai and the inhabitants of tbe town, and to shoot down the most respectable men ? Beckham and Turner? who resisted their violence. The news of this flew to the country around. The volunteers of Jefferson , with Colonels Baylor and Gibson, rushed to the ecsne, and soon came tho men of Berkeley, unorganized, in working day dress, and without arms or munitions, sup8 wing they could get ammunition at tho arsenal, ut when they got there they found all the arms and muuitions in tho hands of the marauders. But, with what arms they had, they attacked them, and some seven of them were woundoo; but they killed and wounded several of the enemy. They could have stormed and taken them in an hoiir, but thev were anxious for tho lives and safotv of their neighbors and friends, who wcrr under the m'117.1,.. ... i ?s?jd?tf*sg3sS5 St8' AMW* J1*1"' TheaK lindweTtho Sot Tt ai? r u' ,*'10 ^~irBi"ia volunteers who could not delay a moment to rctako the anena! punish the impudent invaders and release the prisoners at thn SM'T r,iBk of,thpir ?*n lives llL gaKy w^mor armo? If" ta"k WM "? f<wy- ne saw a rnitcdP??es ?be possession of bandite from U10 suDoriuten ?. i^?5.rhich hirf had been ejected Jid hJ filt that the regular army and his native ftato warn ilit ^rtification and cb^rln inexprel, he picked twelve marines and tool? fh<> on??in? k ? ? ?? .Km,?s ;!:s ^"S'bSriS^xjSd srsyya? jys who first reached the tcoL IVyT V ?5e,S7;,a,;-sE thing. They could not, at am, ooncolvo what it m.v?n7 not ascertain their numbers, and 'coSld not but Ultevo daring 'linnet.0 AnFZ "whTh 1 w Irl'Zi "J"?' D0 and i I eluded thenT^rWthe?'lnUtoko,aMd4ltojd<1ti)?^ tbaUruT i S?Hs~5^=ai.f2 IrBSasMsl pPsgMsl iSIPP ^!?,Baa.5rur?a?SS ssr " ? ft XwriK .ass asa-a-rea tsnst BBB p|rm\0fMh? l'D,tn'1 SUtes which h/had OMtWcdmlhe S3Ssssjfsraa^?SS5S5 awssttastSKSSSS IS rrv" <?"?>? " w?iVmSk?st.f" All of Mr. Alstadt's returned, aud all o! Mr Wn?hin?.^_ but one ? liis carriage driver's body, the ouc who drnvn wagon? into town when his masterwis' mad^rlWorwJ found drowned on Wednesday morning in the Potomac ih ! h only consolation which I have to of!W Tou^n thus disgracc, that the faithful slaves refused to tike ? arms against thoir masters; and those who were uk en hv lorce from their h;;ppy home- deserted their llherfr^i y *?, US,th0}' could,d^ ?? ?*ke Not a slave around was found faithless, and nm have lust life except the one of exmiimit ?>? y was shot by Brown 's party on wLho wrvant of Colonel Washington whose bodt^L,^ i , the river, and whom Cook may hav? ,n aa8^j&j^ja.y.g.fAga; towns Ignorant, It seems, of the l?triarchal reh which our slave* are evervwhero 11*1,1 k,. #k V,ru,?ns m and what bonds of affection and common iSt \r^tCn' between them and thoir masters t , , .?"' ?ist "Old Brown," the fanaUcof C&watomiS' rWM that r?ffa=^S?aS= K'!.!"" ti!; ? XX S? ?ITS?" WSHSJsf ? : massacre would not hike up arms ?ir iinoi ih . .1 His .- p. an, were untouch^ ? aVen- 1 selvp' mttakm uhotnl.e him to bo u bundle e{ the best nerves rover s-.w te n bleeding and iu bonds. He is n ? [ / courage, fortitude and simple ingwniousnes^iio f? *?f collected and lndomital.le, r.iul it^C t"?f;? Jf? ? ,wlthat he was humane to h.< pri oncra J^.^1^ to 8.a>' Colonel Washington and Mr. .Mil anj h^ i^ !Tby with fro at trust in his integrity a of trmh HeT a fanatic, \;ua and garrulous, but firm trnthr?i . ?! ^ ligent. His men, too, who Mirvheexcentthi r.J lutcN groes witli him. are like him. He professes to be a Clirl!!" r,,:? s,t universal emanefpatioo, and the nvxra,a P?rpim) were to be the agents, bv means ^ ?8^"T,IV"S by wldte ccmmanders. M"h'en Colonel ir!S? oa taken, his watch, ajid jilate, and jewels and mnr^n Waa demanded, to create what Cy ^TT^fctv fund cc mpeusato the Ubcrators for tho trouble ^ taking awav his slaves. -niKbv a 'T'180., f all slaveholders. Washingt^f of liver up anything, and it is remarkable Uurtth? rnim tiling of materia] value which U>ey took bLid?*^iH savw, was the sword of Frederick the Oroat which mil Bint to General Washington. This was "^jV-^-nh ?y*M to Brown, aud the latter commanded his men Mwrd In his fight again* (be peace aud safely in,. ton snat.r<> Mato. JIo promised ODlonel WiL^hiti ntm to return It to him when he was done with it a^,i ^v!i ncl Washington says that he (BroZ) was the c^lest^i?, firmest man he ever saw & defy^ iZg Z>wr SmftLu? With oiM son dead by his side, and anothershot thm^h' ho felt tlie pulse of his dying sou with one liand h his rlflo witl' the other, and the utmost compos tire, encouraging them to bo Arm to sell their lives as dear as thoy could ^ three wliiU> prisoners? Brown, Stephens and pie ? It was hard to say which was .n^t flrm ,n?>P, the two nog roes, it was hard to sav ' J of the most cowardly and false. The North ?:wL.*,em0<1 oflered to betray all persons tn^lved in ,Ti Vf'fro spared, and the Canada negro? who was 1 tf ef the members of their crouching craven. who lift, an Drown said, for his lif?. But 1 wttl enter into no further details. 1 received into my a large mu-H of papers and correspondence,w bleb discloses pretty clearly their whole plan of operatioos, and expose* many iiam<w implicated iu tbetrcrlmne. Vl >fot ail, perhaps, except a clothes bag ?1 papers, which was taken and carried oil very improperly by some 1 >u? ol the Baltimore troops. Tho originals of these 1 will try to have restored lor tho trial of th" prisoners. Amon;; Mhcr pnpri m I round n latter of credit from one of tho banks in the State of Ve?r York, informing Brown that Gerrit Smith had placed to tun (Brawn's) credit $100. Ibat is now in posaeMMt of the Assistant Protmcutinr At torncy at (,'barti Blown. It would liut liecome m? to counsel or cotintenanoe any ono in doing to (Writ .Smith what Stephens and Ins party did to OdI. Washington? take trim out ol' his bed at night and smuggle him off from homo; liut U any one should bring him to me. by fair or foul means, 1 will road him a moral lecture and send him bark to bin borne if innocent, or secure him a fair and impartial trial If guilty of aidioK and abutting these inurd< rs, robberies and treason. (laughter and upplai.se.) I remained in Harper's Ferry and went to Oriirlestcwn to protect th" prisoners we now liave In custody against ''Lynch law*" determined as I am that the la ah "-hull reign whilst I am chief magistrate of this com lUObwealth. (Loud applause.) Our people were incensed beyond exprmsiO?; but they felt, at; I do, that it would lie disgraceful and cowardly to murder their prisoners, after failing to tako them for twenty four hours. (Applause.) They were securely guarded and safely lodged In tho Oiarleftown Jail , to bu tried in the Virginia court, under Virginia lawn. The United States served warrants for two cases of murder and for treason against the Uuited .states; but there was no difficulty about Jurisdiction. I told the otlicers of the United States that they might have tho bodies of tho prisoners after Virginia tribunals were doue with them. 1 would not have delivered up these prisoners to any claim of priority of Jurisdiction if tho President of tho United States had ordered. (Loud applause.) But there was no lssuo of Jurisdiction, and there was uo occasion for any except as to tie pardoning power. I will protect and guard the prisoners with the law, and tho mercy, and the might of onr sovereignty. There had been no guard at Harper's Ferry, and on Wednesday evening the marines wore ordered away, notwithstanding the obvious necessity of a military guard. Under these circi instances, the last thing I did on Thursday morning was to organize a volunteer police guard on tho Virgluia border around the conllnes of the grounds ceded for the arsenal ; and I mean to inform the President of the United States that this guard wiU incidentally protect tho arsenal and property of the United States until ho shall make a permanent and safe provision for protection. (Applause.) 1 armed this guard with part of the rilles captured from Brown. And 1 shall go ou arming and supplying ammunition to our frontiers until every neighborhood where thero are slaves has the means of self defence. Virginia and the other slaveholding Mates must rely on themselves. This is a severe lesson, and we must proflt at once by its teachings. It urges upon us stronger than proclamations, the necessity for the thorough organisation, arming and drilling of our militia. I shall implore the people to organise and take arms in their hands and to practise the use of arms, and I will cause depots to be established for Hied ammunition along our borders and at every assailable point. As for myself, I have manifested only my devotion to the duty of protecting the honor of the State of Virginia, and the safety of the lives and property of her people. 1 regret that it has been my fortune to do so httle. (Applause.) But I tliank you, gentlemen, one and all, for this compliment, as 1 more than thank you again for your gallant and noblo services. The crowd gave three chcers for the Governor, and then dispersed. Company F. marched off in order, and was greeted by the city. In tho evening the Blues callcd and saluted Governor Wise nt his mansion, and were again addressed by him briefly, but with much warmth and an earnest appeal for thorough organization. Here It is proper to add, at the request of Governor Wise, thai he was much fatigued, and was suffering under a bad cold, caught in tho night, and omitted to add much which he intended, especially to aclaiowlodgo the debt of thanks due to General Stewart and his noble Maryland troops, who rushed to the defence of our citizens, and to Dr. John R. Dnnbar and his corps of surgeons. Dunbar is a Virginian, volunteered to accompany tho Baltimore volunteers, was present when the marines made tho assault, tendered his services to Colonel Leo, who accepted them, and with bis fellow surgeons was In at the ongine house ministering to the men who felt ? one killed and the other wounded, by the time almoot they were shot. In fact the light was over the bodies of the fallen and the surgeons. RESULT OF THE INVESTIGATIONS OP SENATOR MASON. It in right , and due to truth, '.liat the material facta ntv nding (lie late incendiary attack on the to-.vn of liar per's ferry should be corre?tly understood. There was uo insurrection, in any form whatsoever, on the part of any of the inhabitants or resident* of that town or It* vicinity. There isliitle doubt that such insurrection whs fully expected by the leader of the armed miscreants who cunte Horn the adjoining Stub' clandestinely, and linger cover of night, into the town ? an exjH-etation in which they were woefully disappointed, as fully admitted by "themselves. The fact is undoubted that not a man, b'.aek or white, joined them alter they came Into Virginia, or Rave tin tu aid or assistance iu any form. It is true that after their capture tbeir loader (Brown) stated that ho had reason to expect such afpistaiiee, and had I" en disappointed. Hut this is fully lilscriMlitod by the lollowing (act-;. ? First, that lie had undisputed possession ol ihe town from about midnight on Sunday until after midday on Monday, when the people of the adjoin - ing country, learning tho state of thinrs, got together in ai med bauds and made a descent upon the town. Second, that O'iriug this period they seised and held iu custody, In sides the slaves of Mr. Washington and Mr. Alft:?dt, taken in the neighborhood, souio five or sis other slaves belonging to retiWents at Harper's ferry auJ found in the streets. It is stab d that they put spears or lances In tho bunds of two or three of these negroes, nnd compelled them to stand in the character of seutinels at the door of the engine house, occupied by the incen<liarl"S, but at fii st assault made by tho citizens the slaves throw away their pikes and escaped to their homes lor refuge. Third. They had in confinement, m addition, some thirty or forty other persons, who v. '-re found unarmed iu the stmts in tho u?rly hours of the morning, but uo adherent or sympathizer turned up amongst them. In addition to all this, after careful inquiry and investigation on the spot, I could rot learn that any man of any color (save one, hereafter to be noticed) was even suspected of being iu any way uecossorv or privy to the plot. The exception was of a man named Cook, who carno to Harper's Ferry it year or two since in the character of schoolmaster, married there, and who, after the event, It apjiearcd, was an emissary of Brown's, and had been as sot iuted with him In Kansas. Cook imparted the plans of Brown to none iu Virginia, so tar as is known; or. if he did, it is cortam none acted en them. He aceompauied the party to Mr. Washington's which seized him and his negroes and brought them ofl in the night, but nono of the latter evinced any purpose to follow his fortunes. On the contrary, those that ho carried ofl'thc earns night into Maryland escaped from hiui there and returned. ? 1 think I am warranted, on the foregoing fa -ts, in tho belief that no engagements or promises of aid lrom any, of any race, were given to Brown Inviting his dcscont. On the part of the negroes, it is certain that the only emotion evinced by them was of alarm and terror, and tholr only reluge sought at their masters' homes. Of the conspiracy, outside of thiB State, enough has transpired, or been obtained from papers taken with Brown's effects, to show tliat ho acted from impressions made upon him by abolition tracts, newspapers, and orators tu the circles he frequented in the non shareholding .States. Those impressions were that it required only to put ai ms w'.thiu immediate reach to bring about immediate iuBiirrectiou in the slavcholding States ? a doctrine openly inculcated, as is known, by tho ;ibolition leaders. Thus impressed, he embarked on this desperate enterprise with but nineteen men ; but he had arms and weapons secreted in the mountains and thinly populated country on the Maryland side of the river, "and within four or five miles of the Virginia line at Harper's Ferry, with abundant ammunition, to have placed an etlectivo w capon in the hands of oach of at least Hltoen hundred or two thousand men. The exact numlier of these arms can never be ascertained, as they woro carried off in great, numbers when iirst discovered or brought in by the citizens, and companies of volunteers who came from a distance, and before possession of them was taken by the regular military authorities. Amongst them were one thousand pikes "or lances, composed of a steel blade sharpened at the point and at both edges, some six or eight inches long, and tapering from an inch or inch nnd a half to tho point, strongly and securely fitf-d on um'brn, wooden handles live or six feet In length ? a most rfti-etive arm for hands anskilled In military weapons? leaving no doubt for whom tliey w ere destined. Tlic whole military equipments possessed by Brown and seized alter his capture could not have cost less than ten thousand dollars, consisting . amongst other things, of Soir.o two hundred Sharp's rifles, with a like number of six-shooter pistols, ootitalned in tho manufacturers* boxes, and not yet used, a proportionate supply of fixed ammuniticu "for the rides, with caps. Ace., in tho original boxes, hospital Stores, pickaxes and shovels, unstained witli use. and a large 1>ox containing ten kegs of powder. A grave inquiry remains, which will bo diligently, and I trust, successfully prosecuted, to ascertain whence tho funds were derived for this military expedition of outlaws against a State of the Union, and who thejr woro nidlng w ith money to furnish arms to such a loader for such a purpose It remains only to add, that so far as can t?o discovered, not one of the nineteen escaped. I could not correctly ascertain the number killed? some ten or eleven it Is known were kiBed? some were shot in attempting to encape across the river, and their bodies not recovered; flvo only wem captured alive, amongst them their loador, Brown: two of the live are negroes; one, a umlatto, reports that be catue from Ohio to join this expedition, tho other, a black, says that he came from Harrisburg, IU., with the like purpose; both allege that they were deceived by Brown as to the objects of the expedition. Not a slave escaped or attempted to escape during the tumult. Of the few carried off by Cook across the river, all ifouped from him and came safely back but one. who, It appears, was drowned whlUt crossing the river liotneward bound. J. M. MASON. | Sfcuu, near Winchester. Va., Oct. 21, 1*60. j CLARD PROM JOSHUA R. GIDDINGS. The following Card ap)>ears hi the ItiiliJelphia Abrth American ot October 34th While coming to this city, on Saturday, I first read a telegraphic despatch from Washington, saj iug '? that John Brown (the prisoner captured at Harper's Ferry) re fused, in the presenco of Senator Mason and Messrs. Faulkner mid Vallandiuhaui, to answer the question whether be had consulted Mr. Ulddings about tho Virginia expedition f " It is evident that the object of these gentlemen was not I to obtain fact* on which to predicate a charge of crime, or of any immoral or dishonorable act. Hat such boon Ifceirt object, they would not have published what was ntt raid ; but tliey proclaim their suspicions, and by such innuendoes and insinuations seek to Impugn the character of one who Was not present. 1 do i ot 11 el called upon to reply to such attempts to east icpi i*fh upon niysoU?. i tuy to then ) querfiiouers, Ccntli mi i,, I om jour peer. I have served my country art long, and I hopu as honestly an either of yon; and you ki i w, and the country kumvi". tliat any question yon msy propound to roe touch ii,;; the government, its past or present position, will bo frankly, promptly a'irt fully ai.fA'ori'd, to the extent of my knowledge and beliof; and I pronounce this attempt to asfall me dishonorable, uu*?'rthj Hi > oor positions, unworthy of honorable men. But you must not expect to recape the responsibility of your own conduct by thus asulling on" who has for years cactloiieit yon of iho results that muBt follow thtj efforts of yourselves and party to extend slavery, and your deUi rallied purpose to Involve tho ueople of the free States in tb? diffract and ciirae of supporting au institution which a!) honest and independent men of those States repudiate. No man of our nation has done vnoro than one of yon to produce the regatta which have recently attracted the attention of the people. Thoy are the Immediate and unmistakable effects of the efforts of yourselves and party to establish slavery in KaiiFas. Murderers there wore rewarded by exesntive ap| ointments to ottlce. Brown's soob were the victims of that ili spottem which your parry exerted in favor of an institution which the people abhorred. These I'-icts do not rest on -urplcion, nor on tho refusal of a victim to an: wer any question. They rest upon the records and the history of the government iuielf. No evasion, -jo tergiversation can change the eudusing troths to which 1 refer. .And you would better subserve the public gO'xl by exerting yowr influence and occupying your time in corrcctiug the . viis you and yourpnrty have bi ought upon the country, than by the vain effort* to involve others In the crimes which you and your o?8ocj*ien have committed. To the public 1 will pay, that Bro ton t uner ctmsuUtd me in rtfard to kit Virginia rzptdition, or any otAer tepediHon or matter rhatertr. J. K. G1DD1NG& Guu*? Hot' as, Piuuraxniu, Oct 24, 1869. WHO ARE IN THE PLOT. It is understood that the initials "F. B S." signod to John Brown's letter from Concord, Mass., refer to Mr. F. B. Sanborn. Secretary of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Society ; and the initials "3. G. H." to Dr. S. G. Howe, of Boston. COLONEL HUGH FORBBS AND HIS CONNECTION WITH 08rt.\W aTOMIK BRO?VN? A CHANCE OP FURTHKR DISCLOSURES. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HEKALD. New York, Oct. 25, 1869. There having appear'"! in yesterday^ Tribune a false and mali' ious attack upon mo, I shall, after tho trial of John Brown, publish the correspondence between himself, his friends and myself, which correspondence commence-' about two years igo, and wag continued during the spring of 1H69. Some abolitionists of good judgment insisted srronglv that I should make Brown desist from bis projects, which they considered would prove fatal to the anti slavery cause; and as there were sundry persons in the tree States interested, copies of most of thi letters were furnished to each of them and to Brown. I could not myself take all the copies, therefore some ''r leads occasionally copied for me. 1 feel sure that none of these letters were suffered to bo wen by tho Secretary of War: flr?t, liecause I have, faith In iho reliability of those who bad theni in their hands; and, secondly, because it isab sohiti ly tmpootibie tha*. ha<i inch authentic eritaw been placed before him. bo could have been taken so by surprise at he was at Harper's Kerry. H. FORBB3. CoMUKRflAI I*ro?T.\."?IX OF &UT FHASCNTO? .A V AmQUt Bora to Catsx A5D Jafax ?One of the most noteworthy features in the news by the Baltic, from California, is the roception of nearly a month's later news from Japan. Tho schooners Lewis IVrry and 8an Diego, from Petropaulovgki, arrived at Sun Francisco en the 23d ult, the one having mado the passage in twenty three days, and the other in twenty -four. Had these vessels connected with the regular mail steamers wo should have had news from Japan in forty-thrco day? ? as fast as it comes by the European route. Bit, suppose the communication between Hakodadi and San Francisco was direct, and by a lme of steamers connecting>with the Atlantic ports, or, as it may be at no distant aay, with the trains of the Pacific Railroad, would not all our news and most of the light trade go and come by that route? It is fair to presume that it would, and in c unection with this subject it may not be inopportune to Inquire what is to be dooo with the fleet of American steamships collecting in the Pacific, u iiloKs some of them are applied to this trade. Our Commodores have done more astounding things than would bo the opening of this now route to China. lit us look for a moment at the commercial importance of San Francisco, as shown by the statement of imports for the jiast three-quarters of tho present year, taking the principal articles. There were 64,430,000 feet of domestic lumber, 6,444,893 pounds of coffee, 49,90*3 barrels of flour, 61,208 firkins of butter, 27.880,161 pounds of rice, 21 ,809,077 pounds of sugar, 1,126,836 pounds of tea, and a mult tude of other articles in proportion. Tho freights on cargoes from New York for the same por od wero $1,766,262; from Boston, $786,436: from otbor Eastern ports, $92 ,612; and from foreign ports, $7*0,066. Of the e.\|K>rts of treasure about tifty mil lions per annum are to the port of New York, an 1 over five times as much as is shipped to all other ports comes here. The exports aro rapidly growing in importance, and, now that California capitalists have turned their attention to wool raising, wo may expect heavy shipments of that article. The excellent California native wines are also becoming a staple ex]>ort. while, from recent discoveries, it is not at all improbable that e?al will be added to the list. Ijibor is in demand , and altogether the future of tho Golden State looks prosperous. How greatly would ita progress be stimulated, should it form a connection in the new American route to China and Japan. OrnuTic Mattkrs. ? The [>? rformanos at tho Academy to-night will bo an exceedingly interesting one. Madame Ga/.zanign makes her Orst appearance this ?"jfon, and sings Paulina in the ? Tuliuto," with Brlgnoli as Poliato and Amodio as Severtrs, a trio of superb arti'ts. Madame Gazzaniga will sing in this o)>cra for tho first time, and has a fine artistic opportunity, which she will, Without doubt, improve to tho fullest extent. The dthtd of Speranza, the now prima donna, will take place on Thursday, when she will sing In tho "Trarlata." The now tenor, Beaucard*, arrived yesterday in the Ocean Queen. Also his wife, who is known to the ope ratio public under tho uumo of Albertini. Beaucarde is engaged by Strakosch. Great preparations are making for the production of tho new opera, "The Sicilian Vespers," which is to be brought out within tho next fortnight. This opera been very successful In Paris and Ixmdon , and has attracted the largest audiences ever seen in the Italian theatre*. The directors of the Academy promise that the miw ni tctnt ghall be the most splendid ever known here. Everything, scenery, dresses, properties, kc., Is to be new, and manufactured from patterns received from the Grand Opera in Paris. The total cost of "mounting" the opera is estimated at (16.000. The principal parts will bo sun;,' by Urignoli and Colson. The production of this opera is to be the great event of the season. The Latest Charge of Post Offlcc Robbery and Embezzlement. I 'KITED ST ATM OOSBUR8TONER8 OFFICE. Hefcre Mr. Commissioner Bettg. Oct. 25. ? fke United Statu rt. Wm. Hutrhixtn ? Tho de fondant, William Hutchison, was yostcrday morning brought up in tho custody of a deputy marshal, to be examined on a charge of illegally taking letters from tho Post Office, directed to Winslow, Lanier k Co., in whose employ he had been as clerk up to the 20th day of July last. From the evidence given by ono of tho firm, H appeared that they were bankonr in Wa!! Ktreet, and that they bad received notice of remittances having been mailed to them by their correspondents, whicb had not arrived ; also a check drawn byftne Marino Bank of Buflallo on the Bank of North America, for UM; and on inquiry it was ascertained that tho accusedhad obtained the letter an 1 remittance from tho lost trace, forced the endorsement of their firm, and then *?t the cash for the check from the paying teily trfawHber baak, to whom he was known as clork in the house of Winslow, ^Jamcs Holbrook, ?hc special agent of the Genera! Post Ofllce testified that he had token this easo in hand, and after the lapso or some days arrested the prisoner on sus tfciw of attempting to Illegally obtain other letters from ft oiv^twne? irttho second interview ho had with the S Le (w'itntw) told him that the fact of the cashing of the draft and the forgery of tho end<*s.?nent was kuowu and could be proved against him; the prisoner then admitted having taken a number ol letters, which he bad destroyed, and that he had taken a dralt or bill of exchange, which had been citfhed at tho banking bouse of Sherman A Ot>. Mr. Newman, who appeared on the part of the govern - went, stated that thero'was no other evidence, aid that be shook! ask for the commitment of the prisoner In default of $2,000 ball. No counsel appeared for the prisoner, but a gentleman present said ho was an orphan, not yet twenty-one, and that his only relative was an uncle, now travelling in larope. The gentleman further stated that If the uncle were written to ho would probably make restitution, and hare the matter hushed up. The Commissioner said be would commit the prisoner for trial, and that he would tlx the ball at 91 ,000. The prisoner (who wears a heavy mustaeho, and appears to lie over twenty -one years of ago) was convoyed to the prison In Eldridgo street The teller of the bank wished it to be understood that at the time the prisoner received the proceeds el" 'he draft he hart ncit "eft tho omploy of Winslow, l^nier ik Co.

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