The Tipton Daily Tribune from Tipton, Indiana on November 16, 1970 · Page 7
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The Tipton Daily Tribune from Tipton, Indiana · Page 7

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Tipton, Indiana
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Monday, November 16, 1970
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MONDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1970 Like jigsaw puzzle Researchers trace drift of continents By Errol W. King BOULDER, Colo. (UPI) Back in time — 225 million years ago — when reptiles were just coming on the scene and glaciers dominated the southern hemisphere, all the world's land masses were fused into one. supercontinent. So say two scientists with the U.S. Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) whose research headquarters are here. They arc Dr. Robert S. Dietz and John C. Holden, marine biologists, who have collaborated to trace the birth and drift of the world's continents. The continental drift theory has been generally accepted by scientists for some years. But Dietz and Holden are the first to work out a sequence of five maps identifying the tracks of a 200-million-year journey the continents have made across . the face of the earth. Like working out a jigsaw puzzle, Dietz arid Holden picked their way backwards in time to piece together the first geographically-precise reconstruction of what they call "the universal mother of continents." .The two scientists have devised a sequence of five world maps on grids.to show what continents were where at different eras."Our reconstruction is . . . one of many, possible ones, but we suppose 1 that any other reconstruction would not be greatly- different from the one proposed if our 'rules' (and hypotheses) are correct," they say in their report. Their maps show: •— During the Permian era, 225 million years ago, all the continents were fused into one. This was millions of years before man appeared, when reptiles hadn't been on the scene long and major mountain chains were still being built. — During the Triassic era, 200 million years ago, when, reptiles dominated animal life and some kinds of trees were just appearing, the "mother of continents" had broken up into four main land masses. First split . According to the biologists, the super-continent first split • in two, when what was to become North America, Europe and Asia (called Laurasia) pull­ ed away trom the single land mass called Gondwana that was to break into Africa, South America, Australia, Antartica and India. Shortly thereafter, speaking in the vast geological time sense, Africa and South America -split away from eastern Gondwana, while another . rift lifted India off Antarctica. . So by the end of the Jurassic era, when dinosaurs dominated the Earth and flying reptiles and birds first appeared, there were the four land masses with a rift beginning to split South America away fro'm Africa. Then, 65 million years ago, at the end of the Cretaceous era, when early mammals were appearing and toothed birds and dinosaurs were dying out. North America and Europe had split farther apart. During- the same time, Australia tore away from Antarctica, . Africa drifted northward and India moved all the way to the equator. By the time the Ccnozoic era — the modern one — appeared some 60 million years ago, still long before the appearance of man., India had drifted back to collide with the Asian land muss and the resulting upheaval forced up the Himalayan Mountains. Africa,- say the scientists, continued moving northward, nudging Eurasia and splitting in its northeastern bulge to establish the Arabian peninsula and the Red sea. The ESSA scientists note that during the entire continental breakup, most continents, appear to have moved mainly to the north and west. What causes the continental drift? : The two scientists say, it's caused by hot "magma," or that part of the earth more than 60 miles down, welling up in a rift zone to cause the ocean floor to spread. One conclusion the scientists have reached is that the earth is in a steady state with respect to volume and surface area, so new crust material coining up. along a rift area is offset by an equal amount'of iresorptio'n of "that \inal'j:rialsomewhere ; else - in a 'deep "trench." ' In other words, new land masses are not necessarily being • formed, but the old ones move, Leave itJto us, bus driver told CAIRO, Egypt (UPI) — j When a government official empowered to perform marriages and grant divorces fell ill, his bus driver son decided to take over his duties here. For five, days he merrily married scores of couples and divorced others. ; ; Though Islamic leaders upheld the marriages and divorces as valid by their religion, government officials say that under the law the bus driver had no power to officiate at the proceedings and the couples will have to go through the process again. - or drift, with the pressures. . The ESSA scientists say the continents ride" on what they call "crustal plates," corresponding in most, but not all cases to the familiar shapes of modern continents. How' the inner earth's heat energy is translated into the mechanical energy- that powers the. plates, is one of the great .puzzles,,ofthe day for-earth scientists. But they say there arc nine major' plates today: North '., American, South American, African, : Eurasian, Indian, Australian, Antarlic, . Main* Pacific,*'and East Pacific. These plates-, ride- slowly, -as on -a "conveyor belt" when rifts allow new pressures. According to an ESSA spokesmen, Australia now appears ' to be heading towards Japan, possibly collecting New Zealand on its way. Also, a rift area extends along eastern Africa that could split off the present countries of Tanzania, Kenya, Somali Republic, Uganda.and parts of Ethiopia and Mozambique. And some day the world's superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, may be linked at the Bering Strait across Alaska. Rhode Island was the only New England colony in which complete freedom of religion was established by law. Columbia University New York-was chartered in 1754. as King's • College. About 40,000 Loyalists moved to Canada after the American Revolution." . - ft' ».* * v M.F.X. Bichaty-French biologist (1771-1802), first showed that organs are made of different tissues. THE TIPTON (INDIANA) DAILY TRIBUNE Olympic progress NEW YORK (UPI) - The ... principal construction work for the 1972 Summer Olympics' in Munich, Germany, has been * completed, says the German National Tourist Office. This ' includes the Olympic Stadium, with 47,000 seats and standing room for 33,000, the Sports \ Hall, with capacity of 11.000. and the 9,000-seat Swimming Hall. Mont Blanc, at 15,781 feet, is the highest peak in the Alps. Page 7 PUGGY ics gain favor in home decorating By DOROTHEA M. BROOKS NEW YORK (UPI) - Whether they live in a carefully restored 200-year-old Colonial, the latest California contemporary or, more likely, something less distinguished in between, more and more families are deciding on "collectors' items" when it comes to the interior. Antique furniture, rugs, original works of art, one-of-a- kind accessories, many people have decided, are not only pleasant to live'with but offer an investment opportunity fs well - a hedge against infja-" tion. -j Norman Crider, director of the Antiques Center, of Amcrj- ; ca in New York, says: "We^e at a time in history wlien there are more antiques collectors than ever before. / Sale^ are fantastic." . . ..- Alistair Stair, president."of Stair & Co. antiques and Tjie Incurable Collector galleries, echoes this sentiment. "Our business this year is not qu^te as good as last, but last y^ar was the best in our 58 year'i" Stair feels that "antiques, well bought, provide not only the pleasure of living with fine things, but the opportunity to recover, or make a profit on, the original purchase pr^cc should your tastes or circiftn- stances change." Dining tables which his firm sold 10 to 15 years ago, ^ve are repurchasing today for tfyo to three times the price,"^he ' said. A piece of new furniture immediately will lose 80 to 90 per cent of its value, bringing at the most a few hundred dollars at resale, while the same item in an antique, although usually costing more, generally will retain or increase its value. The value of specific items, of course, fluctuates with demand, availability and trends in collecting. Generally speaking, however, the collector whose purpose is to assemble a lovely home, and who chooses from the many tried and true periods, the staples so to speak, those things with universal appeal which are growing more scarce each year, stands a good chance of making money on his purchase should he desire to sell. Crider, who directs the recently established Antiques Center, a blockthrough building housing 110 different, antiques shops, says there is "good reason' why collecting no longer can be classified only as a hobby, motivated by nostalgia and a reverence for the old and the rare, or the unusual, the beautiful." As "an example, he reviews what' is happening in the field of Art Nouveau, concerned with the art,, furniture and artifacts'-of the early 1900s. "A pair of Tiffany bronze candlesticks, for instance,- are priced at $300. Three years ago they sold for $80; ten years ago they could have been bought for $10. An iridiscent blue Tiffany vase, worth $25 ten years ago and $110 three vears ago, now is • priced at S275." ' Other fields singled out by Crider for their dramatic success stories are Russian enameled silver of the late 19th Century (a small compote worth $120 six vcars ago is now worth SI 300) and 18th Century American furniture. Investment value Although antiques commonly -are considered to be items at least 100 years old, collecting for the home and for .investment is not limited to the already antique.' Some collectors invest in new things, buying with an eye to the future, counting on their taste to choose items that will appreciate in value over the years. In this category, of course, are the works of living artists (the work of an artist of any repute, will automatically increase in value- at his death). Many choose fine decorator objects - One-of-a-kind or limited edition items - and a number of enterprises have grown up to serve this market. One such group is the Wedgwood Collectors Society of Philadelphia which provides its members with limited editions of Wedgwood china and Jasper- ware,, often from the original 200-year-old master molds created by the venerable Josiah Wedgwood arid Sons, Ltd., of England, and-at far less cost than originals. Art auctioneers report prices for Wedgwood generally are at record highs. For example, a tiny token-sized Wedgwood cameo reproduced several years ago, copying the Wedgwood medallions distributed by Benjamin .Franklin in pro­ test against the slave trade, sold in 1968 for $5. They are now chaning hands for. $20 to $25: Another offering is a hand-decorated : vase with the figure of a Revolutionary War militiaman - a reminder of Josiah Wedgwood's ardent support of American independence. For the young - or the new - collector, the experts advise: Study before you buy. Read books, art magazines. Visit museums and galleries. Follow the auctions. Develop your 'taste. Buy with a purpose. Alistair Stair says' you should find a dealer with tastes similar to yours, and make friends with him. "Il is natural for a dealer to be interested in someone he feels will come back to him over the years; you make an extra effort," Stair says. To find a dealer, Stair recommends, shop around, ask questions. Check with museums, ' a ppraiscrs' associat ions. Membership in the National Antique & Art Dealers Assn., and the Art & Antiques league-, of America is an indication of reliability, he says. Asked about- investment' possibilities' in antiques right now, Crider, of the Antiques' Center, nominated "Art Nouveau jewelry English, furniture of the Regency, William IV and George IV periods, Italian furniture of the last 18th century, and some Victorian fur^ niturc, all still available at reasonable prices and sure, to- increase in value in the near future!" ; He recommends that the -potential investor give especially careful consideration to objects of Oriental art, "already popular . and becoming - strikingly more so." He is most enthusiastic about the Japanese decorative arts. "I think that Japan will now become one of the richest and most important industrial economies in the world, and that increased emphasis will be placed on her culture and her arts. The trend is taking shape already." In fact, Crider said, the three most beautiful words in the language to an antiques investor may become "Made in Japan." Skip drink over Ohio COLUMBUS. Ohio (UPI) A tax on. alcoholic beverages served on commercial airline flights over Ohio will add more than $60,000 to state treasury revenues, officials predict. The tax, enacted last year, has brought in $29,949 in the first six months of 1970. The nine airlines serving the state are assessed according to a formula based on the number of miles flown over Ohio and averaging out to about a dime a drink. Flivvers polo. SOMERVI1.I.K, N.J. (Ul'l)- Somerville had a polo team about 1913 that would give today s hot-rodders a run for their money. Instead of riding horses, the team used converted Model T flivvers. Drivers raced the ears at each other while malletmen standing on running boards whacked the ball. When u collision seemed imminent, the players leaped clear as the ears crashed. MADNESS Mens & Boys SPORT reg. values to $7.00 NOW only What on earth is this? Permanent Pressed SLAX reg. price to $10.00 KNIT SHIRTS TOO!! reg. values to $12.00 NOW ^ JEAN FLARES reg. $7.00 FABULOUS BUYS on SUITS ( 1 special group) starting a£ 51 9 88 Don't Miss, These Double Breasted TRENCHC0AT ASTRONOMIC SAVINGS on SPORT COATS ' reg. $40.00 to $60.00 88 now & start # at $4" OPEN 7P.M. to ??? Tuesday NOVEMBER 17th DOUBLE BREASTED TRENCHC0ATS rHUners included) ^ reg. $35.00 | u BUSH JACKETS M reg. $14.00 T i while $788 1 I 1$ they last SALE $1088 PRICE Downtown Tipton S LONG STOCKING CAPS reg. pjice. \ while tney last .99 d

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