Page 2 Foreign News Commentary By PHIL NEWSOM UPI Foreign News Analyst Oil riches from Libya, manpower and professional skills from Egypt, agricultural produce from Sudan ..." on paper the proposed federation of? the three North African nations appears to be a natural. Whether it ever gets, beyond the talking stage is something else. The late President Gamal •Abdel Nasser dreamed of a Pan-Arab "unity of purpose" almost from the moment of seizing power in 1952, and his would be the guiding spirit in the new federation which began taking shape last December after failure of the Arab summit to agree upon a common strategy against Israel. That it is being approached with caution is the result of past disappointments. Egypt and Syria entered a constitutional union in February, 1958, and became known as the United Arab Republic, a name which Nasser retained even though the partnership with Syria broke down in September, 1961. A proposal which would have linked Syria, Egypt, Iraq and Yemen never got beyond the paper stage. Talk of Union In the 1950s and even into the 1960s there was talk of political union among the Arab Magreb countries of northwestern Africa — Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria and Libya. They did "achieve SMORGASBORD Sharpsville United Methodist Church. Friday, November 13 5 to 8 p.m. Adults $1.50. Child under 10,750. C-34 some economic cooperation but the idea of closer ties appears to have evaporated, particularly as Libya has turned to the east. Despite past failures, the proposed new federation presents interesting possibilities. Union among the three would create an African nation of more than two million square miles and 48 million people. It would be the seventh in size in the world and 14th in (population. Libya has more oil wealth than it can use properly, the Egyptians have a seemingly .incurable unemployment problem and the Sudan undeveloped lands. | The three countries abut each other. , Under the alliance created last December a . number of steps already have been taken. Egyptians have been taking over professional jobs vacated by Europeans in Libya after the overthrow of King Idris in September, 1969, engineers, teachers, doctors and others. Experiences Suggest Pitfalls . Under consideration also are elimination of customs barriers, joint petro-chemical projects, proposals for merging state- owned airlines and Unking of highways and railroads. Experiences of the Egyptian- Syrian union suggest some of the pitfalls. x Nasser, reluctantly, it was said at the time, took over the rule of Syria at the request of Syrian politicians and. army officers concerned over increasing Communist and Soviet infvuence in their country. But Syrian landowners opposed socialization of. the economy and Syrian army officers accused Nasser of favoritism toward the Egyptians. A military coup in Syria ended it in 1961. There is another important point. The men discussing the new merger are virtual dictators over their people who have not yet been offered a choice. In the Sudan there are serious political differences between the Moslem north and the black tribesmen of the south. Nor, among the three nations, has it been decided where the veto power lies. History has shown there is no such thing as co-equal dictators. THE TIFTON (INDIANA) DAILY TRIBUNE In Hollywood THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1970 By VERNON SCOTT UPI Hollywood Correspondent HOLLYWOOD (U PI) Charles Nelson Reilly, the quaking real estate man on "The Ghost and Mrs. Muir" business today By DEAN C. MILLER UPL Business Editor NEW YORK (UPI) -Oil tankers are moved around the oceans and big shipping deal are consummated with telephonic "handehakes" daily in a second-floor room at 511 Fifth Avenue, New York. Morris Feder, a director at Overseas Shipholding Group, Inc. (OSG), runs this chartering operations room with the help of nine other professionals in the art of making quick decisions and shipping profits. It looks and sounds like a "war office" in a grade B movie, but the tension is not make believe. Telephones ring constantly. A world map on a wall carries symbols representing OSG's fleet of 34 ships, and they're moved to reflect changes in ocean positions. This fleet of tankers and bulk carriers has a carrying capacity of 1 million deadweight tons and is expected to be almost twice that in three years. News developmentw can mean thousands of dollars in profits or losses, so OSG has both commercial and internal news circuits piped into its offices. Changes in national laws ... wars, strikes and government coups, national disasters and weather problems such as typhoons can influence where ships move or whether they; move. This is a boom period for shippers and has been ever since the Suez Canal closed. That plus continuing war in the Middle East and a 5 per cent increase in fuel demand annually has made carrying oil to Europe and the United States a lucrative job. Shippers charge about twice as much today to carry a barrel of oil from the Persian Gulf as they did two years ago. Because of increased demand and the need to cart' the oil around the Horn, about six times as much shipping tonnage is needed today than six years ago. That why Greek shippers like Onassis and Niarchos can afford, jet set life style. It's also why other men who have become millionaires through shipping — Norway's Hilmar Resten and Y. K. Pao and C. Y. Tung of Nationalist China — are optimistic today, along with such companies as Eeatrian Lines, Inc., Zapata Noress, Inc. and the OSG boys at 511 Fifth. ByLEROYPOPE UPI Business Writer NEW YORK (UPI) -The airlines of the United States, suffering from severely reduced traffic and rising costs, have laid off 7,000 workers so far this year. That doesn't seem enormous, out of a working force of 311,000 at the start of the year but, according to the Air Transportation Association in Washington, the employment situation in the industry is ATTENTION BASKETBALL FANS! Includes: H igh schcdu.cs 1970-1971 INDIANA BASKETBALL HANDBOOKS and SCHEDULES FREE! Schedules — Storte Champion Statistics — Annual Award Winners"-- 1970-71 Outlook College Schedules — Professional HURRY IN FOR YOUR FREE COPY LIMITED SUPPLY AVAILABLE AT FARMERS LOAN and TRUST CO. 'your friendly bank' PLUS Win on official red, white & blue ABA BASKETBALL! Simply Guess^the Winner and Score of the Following Games. .. Fri., Nov. 20th — Blue Devils vs. Clinton Central or Wed., Nov. 25th—Blue Devils vs Tri-Central Stop in lit The Farmers Loan and Trust Company office and pick up your FREE HAND BOOK and guess the winners and score!! Closest to actual score wins! and a resident comic with Dean Martin, is on the verge of a psychological catastrophe—his 40th birthday. Unlike ' Jack Benny who. postponed the advent of his fourth decade, Reilly is summoning the courage to face it realistically. It isn't easy for him. Reilly^ in fact, was jumpy with a sort of negative, anticipation. "Jan. 13 is the big day," he said, nervously nibbling a French fry on the Sunset Strip. "I'm rehearsing for it by staying home more and being quieter. Goes to Psychiatrist "I've been going to . a psychiatrist and he wants me to go into depth analysis. But I'm not going to do it. He thinks I have no serious relationships. . "Instead of depth analysis, I'll go with what I am now." What are you now, Charles Nelson Reilly. "I'm depressed. Terribly depressed. Imagine, I'll be 40 years old. I'm afraid I'm not being my old adorable self today. This is a very heavy period for me. Very heavy," he said mournfully. "You know of course I didn't have a good time my first 40 years," he continued. "I never have too much fun. I worked hard when I was young. You always should have something to look forward to, and I don't have anything except Jan. 13, and fishing off the pier." It was suggested diplomatically that Reilly was a bit wacky. He seemed not at all to mind. Out of the CJear Blue "I met a man 120 years old in St. Louis once," he said for no apparent reason. "I stopped by his birthday party. "Poor man. I didn't know him personally. But he had to close his store because he hurt his foot. Really sad." Reilly reflected on the gentleman's great age with what might have been envy, Clearly he is. approaching his 40th birthday with the terraeri- ty of a felon facing the gallows. "I lost my Emmy this year," he cried. "I was nominated for best supporting actor, but I was in Italy when they announced the winners. For weeks I thought I had won. WASHINGTON MARCH OF EVENTS- "SOUTHERN STRATEGY" IS STILL HOLDING UP BUT SOME LOSSES THERE DID DISAPPOINT NIXON S*nafor-«lact Wm. Brock He fits the image much worse than the lay-off figure indicates. "In addition to the layoffs, an unknown number of jobs running into the thousands, simply . have been lost by attrition because . expansion plans made last year that contemplated many new jobs have been abandoned," an ATA. spokesman said. United Air Lines, for example, told United Press International that although it has laid off only 408 workers, its total working force of 51,687 on Nov. 1. was 2,000 below the number budgeted for this time at the start of the year. United laid off 100 pilots last spring. "We not only have not been able to recall these pilots, but we had to lay off 308 people in passenger reservations and similar services Oct. 25," United said. ' American Airlines laid off 700 of its 37,000 workers in recent weeks, including 115 high-salaries pilots and other cockpit personnel. Trans World Airlines said it had made seasonal layoffs but did not did give the number. However, TWA said it had been cutting its payroll by attrition and had abandoned expansion plans for the present. Pan American World Airways, the largest U.S. airline in global operations, has laid off more than 2,000 employees. They include 350 pilots and flight engineers, rs laid off is not bright. Indeed, unless business picks up much faster than at present, it seems likely there could be another wave of layoffs after Christmas. However, the action of the Civil Aeronautics Board at the end of last week in rejecting the Aug. 28, agreement by American, TWA and United to jointly cut expenses by $50 million by co-operatively reducing flights between 15 pairs of cities, could postpone many layoffs. The CAB ordered the three lines to submit a new economy plan in direct consultation with the board. The law does not forbid airlines to curtail flights unilaterally and. they often do so. But they cannot curtail service by arrangement with competing airlines without government permission. By HENRY CATHCART Central Press Washington Correspondent -ITBTASHINGTON—Obituary notices for the Nixon administra- W "southern strategy" are premature. . This is the .view' of several seasoned political observers here and, while GOP disappointments in the South cannot be denied, neither can successes, be ignored. The Republican sweep in Tennessee is a case in point. Senator-elect William Brock, and Governor-elect Winfield Dunn are conservative, yet loyal Nixon Republicans, cut in the image of what White House strategists think Southern Republicans should be. Both Brock and Dunn had sound business, professional and civic "records. They were blessed with less than popular liberal opponents and they won—just as the GOP campaign handbook said they should. Another significant victory for southern strategy advocates came in Virginia, even though the Republican candidate received less than 15 per cent of the vote. Ironically, this win for advocates of the southern strategy came over a moderate Republican governor—Linwood Holton—who, unlike administration political strategists, saw the future of Jthe ; GOP in the South dependent on a broad coalition of suburban ' whites, urban blacks and organized labor (as opposed to hard- hat mavericks.) .***•.* • ANTI-BYRD—The White House and- Senate Republican leaders urged Holton and Virginia's GOP to endorse the independent candidacy of incumbent Sen. Harry Byrd Jr., who left the Democratic Party to run .as an independent. But Holton and his political advisers are Republicans of the anti-Byrd school. With national GOP strategists looking on in horror, Holton ' made the nomination of an opponent to Byrd a personal vote of confidence in the state's first Republican governor of this century. So the convention at Holton's urging nominated State Delegate Ray Garland, a baby-faced political who confessed his unknown boyhood hero was Franklin Roosevelt and who said he became a Republican because that was the best way to battle the conservative Byrd organization in the state. Holton thought he could deliver the votes of blacks and organ-, ized labor to Garland, who stood as a moderate between the', conservative Byrd and a staunchly liberal Democrat, George" Rawlings. But the blacks and the labor bosses took the obvious course in supporting a full-fledged liberal. The result: 54 percent of the vote Byrd; 31 per cent Rawlings, and' 15 per cent Garland. The "southern strategists" were right after all. The loss of right-wing Rep. Albert Watson, R-S.C., to a Democratic moderate in the South Carolina race for governor was no boost to the southern strategy. The race proved too much for even Sen. Strom Thurmond to pull through. But Watson was never figured as the favorite in the race. * * * * • FLORIDA HURT—Republican defeats in Florida, however, did hurt, GOP strategists concede. The GOP in Florida gave that state's voters a solid year of bitter fighting that culminated with a no-holds-barred primary less than two months before election day. Add that factor to the erratic behavior of GOP Gov. Claude Kirk and it is no wonder the ticket lost. Texas Race Bitter Pill To Swallow -Losing moderate GOP Gov. Winthrop Rockefeller was' another case of the "outs"—a soft spoken moderate businessman and Sunday school teacher—beating the "ins." . The loss of Republican Rep. George Bush in the'Texas Senate race cannot be passed over so lightly. That was a bitter pill for Republicans in Washington as well as in the South.
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