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PAGE FOURTEEN THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE and LOGANSPORT PRESS, LOGANSPORT, INDIANA SUNDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1957. PUZZLES THINGS TO DO STORIES True Adventurel—We're Sentimental Peop ARE WE Americans sentimental? The answer is yes, according to little stories like the following, which crop up in the newspapers all the time: The first concerns Mr. and Mrs. Paul Nelson, who have 'both been married 14 times—to each other. It seems that this California couple are so very happy with their marriage that they repeat it every year. It takes place every December, on their anniversary eve. Mr. Nelson dresses up in tux while Mrs. Nelson dons the original filmy veil and white gown. There's a best man, a maid of honor, ushers and bridesmaids. A preacher supervises the repetition ,of the lovely old vows, and each year the wedding cake is richer and better- just like, their marriage, according to the principals. Then there's the story about ' Mr. and Mrs. Ray L. Woods, Miss," when it outcome was a drugstore lor a who insisted on marrying in front of a drugstore. This doesn't sound romantic. But it's certainly, sentimental, since the store is the location of their first date. They met on a bus, and their first conversation began with, 'Pardon me, lurched. Its date—to , the soda, about 20 minutes later. They informed the 1,500 St. Louis spectators who watched the ceremony .in front of the store that they intended to honeymoon in Mexico. And their mode of travel would be— naturally—a bus. Even politics and sentiment will mix, upon occasion. One such occasion took place in Idaho when beautiful red- haired Rep. Edith Miller was asked to be the bride of Edwin Snow, also a member, from the floor of the House. Proper parliamentary procedure was (naturaUy) observed. It all began when a third representative, Walter Averill, told the House that he had been married during .the previous weekend. The rest of the record reads as follows: - . Mr. Snow: In view, of the announcement made by Mr. Walter Averill, I wonder if the lady from Ada would yield to a question? . > v * Miss Miller (tbVAda representative, suspecting the worst): I'll" yield but- only to the question, and I won't guarantee an answer. Mr, Snow: Since Mr. Averill has accepted the bonds of happy matrimony, I was 'wondering if the lady from Ada would consent to marry me? It seems that Miss Miller immediately turned redder than her hair and fled from the House, while delighted laughter from the political body echoed from wall to wall. But she returned shortly and said, with political dignity, "On a point of personal privilege, I accept Mr. Snow's proposal." These stories are just a sampling of the real-life adventure and humor that fill the newspapers all the time. Look for some, yourself. QUEEN VISITS FIRST COLONY— Things to* Do---Learn •• •» EVEN THOUGH you may never have been on a bicycle before, you can learn to ride one in five minutes with a friend's help and this NEA formula. • The formula consists of three unbreakable rules. (If you break' one rule, you won't be able to learn in five minutes.) Rule 1. When you sit on your bicycle ready to start off, make sure your shoes rest FIRMLY on the pedals, pressing down a little. If you don't feel your feet secure underneath, you'll start worrying and lose, your balance. If your feet feel secure, you'll concentrate easily on the next rule. Rule 2. With feet firm on the bike pedals, >flx your eyes on one object 25 feet or more •head of your bike. This automatically keeps your eyes away from your fe^t , : and the worrisome -ground Bround them. You'll also be able to see where you're going, and find it easy to obey the next rule. Rule 3. When you start to fall, automatically turn your steering wheel in the direction in 5 Minutes of your fall. This will tend to hold up the bicycle. Also, it will lessen the falling distance, if you cannot regain your balance in time. Now, before your father or older friend takes you out to learn to ride a bicycle in five minutes, make sure he has read this article, too. Then he will be able to trace every fall, every mistake you make, back to the point where you broke one of the three rules. • You CAN learn to ride a bike in five minutes. I know. I've seen this formula succe"ssfully used over and over. Remember the thre« unbreakable rules: 1. Feet firmly on pedals at all times. 2. Eyes .fixed on specific object 25 feet ahead of bike. 3. -Turn steering wheel automatically 'in the direction of any fall. —By Mivnuel Almada WHEN QUEEN Elizabeth II arrives here this month she-will be-paying tribute to tha memory of 104' adventurers who left London 350 years ago. These men, sent by the Virginia Company .of London, founded the first permanent English settlement in the New World. As a group, those colonists were ill-fitted for life in a pioneer community, much less for wilding a colony or founding a new nation. Records show there were 12 .aborers, a few carpenters, a tailor, a barber, a mason, a blacksmith and a clergyman. There were also more than 50 who styled themselves "gentlemen," who were shiftless, idle men, without an . occupation. Although some had' helped finance the venture, all had come alpng for what adventure and fun they might find. According to -the charter granted them by the . London Company, they were primarily to search for gold and silver. They were also to spread the glory of. God and the honor of the King (James I). In some unexplained way, they were also to find an answer to the unemployment question which was troubling England at that time, to free her from dependence on her European neighbors by developing the natural resources of the new country, and to be a "thorn" in the side of England's enemy, Spain. Their three ilny ships—the Susan Constant, the Godspeed and the Discovery—had been tossed about by winter storms on the Atlantic for about four months and the weary travel- Do You Know -What to for in a Career BECAUSE SO many fellows and girls I know are thinking about journalism as a career, I wrote to a top analyst, editor and author to find out what he could advise young .people about such a career. I chose H. V. .Kaltenborn because he has received so many top-flight awards In journalismT They include the Gold Plaque for best foreign radio reporting (1936) and honorable citations • from the Medill School of Journalism at Northwestern University (1938), a Certificate of Merit from the National Federation of Press Women (1939) and many similar awards from other big and famous organizations.- He.was very.gracious in answering my inquiry. What he said should; I think, be passed along to others. So here it is, quoted exactly from his letter: "I „ have been Interested in journalism from the tune I was able to read and write. I began reporting local items for the Merrill, Wis., News when I was 12 years old. Not long afterward I became a reporter on the Merrill Advocate and this was the real beginning of my journalistic career. "While I was a soldier in the Spanish-American War I was correspondent for the Milwaukee Journal, the Merrill Advocate and a German weekly called the Lincoln County An- zeij[er. "I believe that unless a youngster has a keen interest in doing newspaper work, he *.CUT-1 PIECES OFSCRAP LEATHER "FROM AM OLD BOOT.BA&.SUireASEJACKET OR FELT FROM AW OLb HAT. MAKE ON£ STRIP should not attempt? it. It is a calling where the reward consists chiefly in the pleasure of the occupation." In that respect, H. V. Kaltenborn concurs with many people in other fields when ii comes to career choosing. They agree that you must like what you are doing so very much that you consider the pleasure of the work more important than what money you j might be able'to make at that job. If you lik'e your choser career in. that -way, it usually follows that you are successful. And if you are successful the money angle usually takes care of itself. One more word of advice . . . start on your career as early as possible. By Evelyn Witter Pen Pfl!s|-Captain Hal Finds These in Mailbag Dear Captain Hal, I am six years old. My hobby Is coloring pictures. I would like to have a pen pal. Billy Walker R. D. 1 Mogadore, Ohio * * # Dear Captain Hal, I am 12. My hobbies are stamps and maps. I like almost every animal there is. I would like both boy and girl pen pals. " Elizabeth Miller 111 Lead St. . Ontonagon, Mich. * * * Dear Captain Hal, My favorite sports are deep sea fishing and swimming. I am a Pat Boone fan. And I hate Elvis Presley. I would like both boys and girls to write to me. Linda Johnson 1107 Broad St. Phenix City, Ala. * * * Dear Captain Hal, My favorite sports are skiing, skating and horseback riding. I hate Elvis Presley. I am 11 and would like pen' pals from all over. Karen Pylius 410 Sutton St. No, Andover, Mass. * * * Dear Captain Hal, My hobby is, making pins. I like to read, write stories and sing. I am 13. Gladys Lough 2097 Maryland Colton, Calif. Our Worldt-Andent An smaSs Run Our Autos A CREW had completed the drilling of an oil well in Oklahoma. Two of the crew were swabbing. , . -, Suddenly there was 'an explosion. A spark from an electric motor had ignited gas from the well. Flames enveloped the two meir who were swabbing. Shrieking in pain and terror, the two men leaped away from the flames. The rest of the crew pounced on them and wrapped them tightly in canvas, smothering the flames and saving their lives. To some, drilling for oil is a thrilling and glamorous business. In reality, it often is hard work, and hazardous. But there is a certain fascination in probing the earth to »«« what treasures it contains. How thick will the oil .formation be? What will be the gravity of the oil? Will it be a lowing we'll? . Only the drill bit can answer these and other questions. For oiLis where, you find it. Pools of oil 'began forming ages ago. Ancient seas rolled over the land, eventually subsided, and years later, returned. And every time there was a flood, sediment was deposited. Various formations'were laid down. Some of the limestone and sand formations were porous enough to hold oil. Oil is thought to be decayed animal matter or a combination of decayed animal and vegetable matter. Crude oil is a rather thick fluid. Some oils contain paraffin and some contain asphalt. Oil men some- times mention "oil as being sweet or sour. Some oil bodies He, fairly pas- sive, -as Ihough resigned to their fate. When the drill bit finally breaks in upon their subterranean slumbers,, the oil has. to be coaxed out with a pump. But other pools are more active. With tremendous" pressure of gas and water upon it, the oil is pushed relentlessly against a solid formation. Then comes the day that the probing bit, of some oil driller breaks into .the prison chamber.' Almost with a roar of joy the oil bursts.forth through the opening, making what is known as a gusher... A gusher Is capable of flowing many thqusand of barrels of oil-per day.' But not all wells are oilers Many wells come .in as ga wells and this'gas is piped t< many parts of this country t( be used as fueL THE OTHER ' BIN, LON£... BOTH \k IN- WIDE. I.WITHANICEPICK OR AWL PUNCH SMALL HOLES'' AROUND EDGES OF THE SIN-STRIP. (HOLES ABOUT W APART) DON'TfWt HOLES ACROSSTOP. 3.CUTLSL1TSINTOPENDOF GIN. PIECE (ilM.AWRr-llN.LONW 4. WITH 5IM. STRIP ASA GUIDE; PUNCH HOLES IN-G INCH STRIP. 'SEW- PARTS •TOGETHER WITHHEAVY THREAD. THREAD ATF/RST 'AND PUTWR THROUGH -.. 6LITS JMDCARRYm ers had drifted about for nearly another month before they selected the site for their new home. Finally, in May of 1607, they moored their ships to trees on the broad bank of a river. They named it "The James" for their king and the two projecting points of the bay became Cape Henry and Cape Charles, 'for his two sons. If they had' come just five years earlier, Jamestown r might have been called Elizabethtown; for Elizabeth I was then on the throne. * * *• THE SITE they selected, about- 30 miles up the river, had a fine deep harbpr and was easy to defend. Although the isthmus to the mainland wasn't washed out until about a century later, they called their site "Jamestown Island." But they failed to.think that he low swampy land might be unhealthful or that the water supply might not.be good. And so in less-than six months about half of the group were buried in wilderness'graves. While the Indians were generally friendly at first, the colonists lived in continual fear of attack. They had arrived too .ate to plant spring crops, so food was scarce. Many of the men didn't want to do their share of the work necessary to keep the communal colony functioning. There was also continual' wrangling for leadership. It was then that Captain'John Smith showed his ability as a leader and became governor. Many times when the'colonists were on the verge of starvation, he personally, made trips to nearby Indian villages to buy or beg supplies. He also succeeded in getting all the men ;o work. Under his sometimes harsh jut firm management, many necessary projects were completed and the colony prospered. In fact, he'was probably the only one of the group who realized that the new country's wealth wasn't gold and silver but its forests and rich lands. Consequently, he planted-wheat on lands outside the fort, started a glass factory and shipped loads of logs back to England. • Many historians today say there is little doubt that the entire colony would haye per ished had it- not b e e n for Smith's courage and vigor. When Smith returned to England after an accident, so many died from hunger and disease that the winter of 1609-10 is known as the "starving time." And it was only the timely arrival of the new governor with fresh supplies of men and food which prevented complete abandonment of Jamestown. Under his inspiring leadership, the existing communal system was abandoned and stringent laws were set up regarding matters of thievery, work, sanitary conditions and many other matters. When they found that tobacco would grow luxuriantly in Virginia, the colonists finally had a staple commodity which assured them of economic success. Plantations expanded along the coast as new settlers came, into areas called New Towne and Middle Plantation. Since the location of Jamestown was so unhealthful there was talk of abandoning it But it was not until 1698, when a second disastrous fire all but wiped out Jamestown proper, that its records were moved to Middle Plantation, 7 miles away. . Middle Plantation Is'now known as the famous Williamsburg. * * • THE SITE of Jamestown, reverted then to plantations. For many years 'the' only visible sign of this once thriving community was the old, ivy-covered church tower and a few crumbling grave markers. We are told that the town It- self was always small and mi- ways changing. Substantial brick buildings often itood en ;he same site and often on th* same foundations as had the first primitive ones made of roughly hued timber »nd thatched roofs, The tower is part of th» building erected in 1639. It« three - foot - thick . walls hav« stood up under more than three centuries of wind, rain and war's destructive forces. Well above standing height, peep holes—wide on the inside but narrowed to slits on the outer side of the thick walls—enabled those first white settlers to defend themselves successfully against their fickle Indian neighbors who were friends on« day and savage maniacs tho next. Within these walls,'visitor! may see fragments of the cobblestone foundation from tho older log church of-1617. "These stones are particularly significant because they were part of the building which housed' tht .. first Legislative Assembly in the'N.ew World.. Thus the old' tower served not only as church but fort and meeting hall ai well. Today the peaceful country-, side tells no tales of the, struggle and hardship endured by these men who carved out « way of life which' the.rest ol the world envies today. —By Josephine Opaatil IN IQ03 PRESIPENTTeDQY •ROOSEVELT AT PELICAN ISLAND: Ik THE INDIAN RIVEP.IN . FLOW PA..' :AMN1KALISTIG HAZ'T oFfcoeeiNGi-tHe NESTIS, p£ - OIUSHLYFEAREP AMP HATE P IN R1E-. SPECTACLE WRP SOCIETY,;; '" (*HfaBfY^' fc^%er l\tfcl MILK IN 60LIPI- FIEPCHUWK5AND FROZEN MILK BYTHE •"' ' LOAF* Presidential Visit: GARFIELD REBUS Use the words and pictures ight to find the four facts bout President James A. Gareld that Puzzle Pete has bid- en here: SCRAMBLED SENTENCE Poor Puzzle Pete had trouble with his sentence about President Garfield. Can you straighten him out? _ Garfield br unbalanced In railroad President snot Guiteaa. Washington station, was office- seeker, a Charles. BACKWARD LOOK 5 ; If you have trouble with Puzzle Pete's three facts about President Garfield, just read them backward: AITERCUL EFIW RETNEPRAC , .ROTANES OIHO . GARFIELD CROSSWORD '.' Cartoonist Cal has placed Puzzle Pete's crossword puzzle on a silhouette of President Garfield to dress it .up a bifc . ACROSS 1 Joke 5 Man's nam«^ .' • 6 Persian prince . 9 Hardens, as cement DOWN 1 Our president's first n»m« 2 Printer's 'measure 3 Thus ' 4 Former Russian rulen 7 Myself 8 That thing i_ Puzzle Answers forqo 'p n B i a.A a i o .! 9831103 :SHH3H * pemhifci» of httU.