MONDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1936 BLYTHEVILLE, (ARK.) COURIER NEWS Take'.Eighl Years To Cover Route ol Proposed Pan- American Road. 11Y JACK I'AUK Nlil Service Special Correspondent IJALLAS, Tex. — Way back In 1923 B. C. (Before the Crash), eight years and eight months ago, three men started on a motor trip. They are Just finishing it. For Ihe (li'!>l-time llicy. have succeeded in milling Rio do Janeiro, Brazil, with the United States by a conlinuous auto Journey.. The- 14,000 miles they traveled, nearly 6000 of It over mere cattle, pack, and foot trails across mountains and through- jungles, will some day be traveled by means of ( a continuous improved auto' road, Ihe Pan American Highway. Eventually It run from On Eight-Year Auto Trip Through Wilderness PAGE THREE High in (he interior highlands of Ecuador, withCruz at left and Immediately after « hear-lragcdyl The car al Hie Oliviera and Fava nt right of a local government official. The hill at llii; left, wllli iUechanle Fiiva. lit the wheel,. Alaska down-' through- Canada,Mexico, Central and South Amur-' iea. Bui today only 7845 miles arc road, with 500 move un- «er construction, 111 the section Troiii the .United Stales southward. So commander Lconidas Borges de Oliviera. Observer Francisco Lopez de la Cruz, and Mechanic Mario Faya hail- to hack,- blast push,. ferry, and fight their way to make the; trip in the . eieht years and eight months which ended with their arrival at the international border at' Laredo, Tex. They mapped and charted the entire route as .far'north'as Mexico City. It is practically complete from there to Laredo. OFTEN' CHEAT DEATH They had a hundred narrow escapes from death. They killed wild hogs and rendered their fat for motor, lubricant when stalled iii the jungle with no oil available. They cajoled kerosene and alcohol from natives when the gasoline ran oul and made their cars run with this fuel. They hacked, their ^wny through jungles and blasted > their way through mountain' 'passes with dynamite. They rafted (heir two Model-T •Fords over rivers. ' and fought death in the form -of dysentery, yellow fever, malaria, and wile animals. Their pet clogs all died . of snake-bite or disease. They learned Spanish to supplement their native Portuguese .and Oliviera proudly acquired a kjfe in Mexico City. AT OBSTACLES StartIng.suwithj gpyermncnt^Epqn- EorKhip, that, backing", .was. withdrawn when revolution"'swept their . native. Sao Paulo, and they had to.push on .with-, their own resources, 'together' ''with, such . backing as was given by the countries through which - : lhcy .passed. Yet these three intrepid Brazil^ ians acromplished their mission without a major accident; or illness, and contributed. u splendid step forward in the uniting of Ihe' picture- shows one of the dogs which died en roulc, and men at:ome to the aid of the party. Nobody was hurl, but work clearing (he roadside of roots and obstructions,'so the explor-any good, as you can see. Despite scores of small ers could go on their H,000-mllo right had Just done an over-and-over roll ilown tho before this picture- was Inken. i.ocnl'residents'have It didn't do the Model T'.s headlamps mid radlatoi Isimps, not n single serious accident marred thu Jungle lour. llONIlUllAS' NlC.'AH.-UiUA CrpSTA'llICA v: >:'.;; TAN All i\- 'OLOMhlA fb » o'Enu Y V-i .liHAZIL • • .' 1 - v S Jj BOLIVIA '•// :•-•''•. (/ , I'ARAOUA'Y "devil Commander Oliviera, making friends -ivith ( ft group of them... The venerable Indian beside.,him ; claimed- lo have passed the century mark by several' years.' The route of the intrepid Brazilians "from Rio de Janeiro to 'Waslilnglon,., through .years .pi ' - peril and loll -^ Americas. Oliviera is a reserve officer in the Brazilian army! a military col- lego graduate and engineer. Cruz is a skilled topographer, and Fava an expert mechanic.' During Ihe entire trip they made three general highway In addilion, Ihey made maps of each region, on which Ihey recorded rainfall, altitude, angle of ascent, or : descent, crops, topographic records, and other information that will be .vital ,to . , road-building engineers 'when . they gel around highway. . constructing tlie turned over to the Pan American Union in Washington, which will use il lo help further actual construction of the road.' The three men stArted' from Rio de Janeiro on April 1C, 1928. Their job was to work northward along projected'roulns of the Pan American Highway ihrough Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Mexico. Actual roads soon gave out, and the three 'men found themselves hacking their way through jungles, and driving their cars over crumbly mountain lodges where death on jagged rocks thousands of feel below- was only"'inches away from '.their wheels. . it was Hie padres, or priests, through the uncivilized regions of South and Central America, who helped most when the expedition appeared to be stalled. Tlie priests their Indian Their invaluable data will be explaining that tho "three great doctors" were helping lo build ft road! over which . the natives could travel to market and make more money. - / - That would bring out 200 native Indians the next morning with IcitiUas and frljplcs,. and plenty of labor to help clear the way. In tile more remote regions, the natives .had never seen a "devil machine," and,, as.. soon as the motors started, they fled precipitately into, the .jungle. • •. They never offered the slightest harm to members of : the expedition. Tlie friendly Brazilians, grinning broadly, said they feared the natives '-only .in- - spctlons where they had been in contort with civilization. ;• In jungles and swamp regions, it was neccssriry to keep a huge fire burning all night, one member of the parly staying up each successive two hours as a watch. Tho mosquitoes were a nightly native dialects,-honor, nnd in the mountainous yas?cs of the Andes It was necessary to. drain radiators each- nigh and build a fire under the -moto: each morning lo thaw the crankcase oil. . The adventurers were enthusi astically. greeted at the capital o each country through which thej passed, receiving lusty ovations and often valuable gifts. Dozen of rafts were built to lloat til cars across deep rivers where then were no bridges. - \,.. Hundreds of pholograplis wer made, but almost all (he nega lives were lost when one of Hi cai-s turned over in the Andes Fortunately, the prints wore no lost. In Nicaragua the three advcn hirers were photographed wit Augustino Sandino, the "rebe general," only 48 hours before h was shot to death. And in Mcxic they likewise posed .with Genera Calles only a few days before h was exiled. President Cardenas welcome -Tangle for Title 1 , he expedition to Mexico City In eiwl style, 'presenting tho ex- ilorcrs with a new car nnd n nirsc of SHOO. It was here thai Oliviera won the greatest prize' of he whole trip, a wife. ' lie wooed and won Scnora Maria' iui'iiavenlura Gonzalcs Agullav do Ollvlern, a prelly University of Mexico graduate. She Joined the as It moved north from Mexico City. On Oct. 20, 1030, the augmented and happy party crossed the United States lmc.nl Laredo, the 5tti country visited.' The remainder of the trip to Washington will be n compava- Ivc holiday, closing the first au- 'pmolllc 'link between Rio do Janeiro and Hie capital of the loith. EABE'S BRAVE P. C. C. CliiM Will Address 1 Meeting 01' Credit Group Announcement was made today " A. T. Bell, secretary-treasurer of the.• Planters 1 Production Credit Association, thai F. W.. Nlemcycr; president'of the Production Credit Corporation of St. Loui.s, has ac ccpted an Invltallon to be tho principal speaker at .its annual stockholders' meeting lo be held on; Monday, January 11. rThe meeting will be, held; nt the Gem Theatre In-Osceola;' 1 beginning at I o'clock In the attqr- nlpn. The program Includes reports on the year's business by Mi Bell and President F. IV Jacobs Mis, Josephine O.. Jacobs will- give a talk of special Interest lo tho ladies. F. H. Sclirelncr, senior engineer ^.appraiser of the -Federal Land'-Bank of St. Louis will 'explain their loaning policies with particular : reference , to Mississippi county. : . . The expired terms of two directors will be filled at an election which will be,a part of the meeting. As a cooperative credit Institution •. established .as .a part of Ihe Farm Credit Administration, each stockholder of the Planters Production Credit Association exercises one vote In the annual elections and oilier -business affairs of the Association. Mildred Didriitnon hasn't made much progress in competition wilh men since becoming n golf professional, but Ihnt isn'l Distinction Accorded dirndl JACKSONVILLE, Ore. '(UP) — Residents of Uils metropolis of the pioneer gold rush days say the i-ieinodisi church, bulll In 1853, is the oldest Protestant church west of the Rocky mountains. ,to stop the Babe from being the first woman' to enter thc'.l.os Angeles Open, Jan. 8-11. The feminine Olympic (rack nnd field star of 1932-failed to-qualify for.*, the Southern California .Open, won by George Yon Elm •yvllh y 279, but continued and finished wilh 331. The Texas miss is shown discussing (he forthcoming tournament wilh Richard Allen, picture luminary and capable amateur, Universities Arrange Canadian-U. S. Parley CANTON,, N. Y. (UP)— Preliminary arrangements have 'been completed, for.;the .Second .Canadian-American Conference next summer. •.,'.';' . • \ Tlie first conference was held at St. Lawrence University more than a year ago. A:definite dale for the second meeting has not been sel, 'although ; it : Is tentatively scheduled for- June 21 lo 25, nt Queens ^University, Kingston, Out. Those engaged In formulating 3til Capital Goods Indus- liics Show Signs of Taking Us Place Vos, buxhU'SS IS bcller, Jalm T. I'lynii, noted aiilhor-eenun- utulsl, .Saturday showed Ihnl t« lie lino In llu> Hi ft of Ilirce'rirll- <lis nriUcu exclusively for Ilils iuws|ia]ier. Today, In (In- sccoml iirllfli', i-lymi (His WHY business was liottcr In I DIM), Tomorrow In <IH> torn-lulling nrtlt'le,- he vi'n- lurcs a forecast of business conditions In -lim, * * * lly JOHN T. laVNN (Cooyrlghl, 1930, NEA Service, Inc.) •NEW YORK.—What -is the.force behind Die enormously ncceleratsd activity In American business? After all, our money economy of private enterprise, operates in obedience to certain'laws. When a bogs down, 11 does not rise again unless, from some source, fresh supplies of Income arc thrust into 'he system. 'lliese supplies come from well- •ceognlMU. sources—cither':- from* la)'- (lie capital goods Industry, (b) urge favorable foreign: trade balances, (c) government bonw- .n.is. Tlie capital goods Indusliy lias, of course, Improved. Tatal bullil- Ing cumlruuion In 1030 will be seen, when nil nglnes aie hi to nearly twice as great as last jear. -Por'Hio nrst ten months'11 .olals $'2,251,00,000. nut more than half of tills was government expenditures—I>\VA and Wl'rt, as well is ordinary government (federal and stale) outlays on building Pil- vnte building will piobnbly total $1,309,005,000 But this Is onlv about atic-thh'd what It was In 1020, when it had nhcady begun to taper olf l!ri\>- Imhislrj lust Cellini; Under Way. Heavy machinery Induslrle.s have been working moie continuously 'Ihe latlcr put of the jcai they went Inlo furious production. Bui of course It is comp-uallu'ly ne\\ In Its heavy pioducllon And tliire arc sections of It whloh must go fa before It reaches its old health 'l«o himdied locomotives in 1030 agalnsl more than .Ihreo limes thai number In 1029 gives an Idea of llii disparity And besides, Ihe actim locomotive pioduction has nol got- len far enough under way to account foi much ical business vet If \\o look nt now security loan and bank loins the story h the same. Security financing, on Its face seems veiy heavy' for 1930, nut mobl of II has nothing.to do with fresh funds In ten months o\ci $4000,000,000 In new> issues wcie registered n'th the SEC, Uul only $521000,000 of ibis leprcsculcd new funds. Hunk loins h.ne Increased \crj little in June, 1935, the last date for which we have complete figures for comparison, loans were $20,372,000000 In June of this year, they were $20,010,000,000. That is an Increase; of about $400,000,000 1'icddla Sloclc, above, defends HID woild inUtdlowelght title .ifiainst Cioulh Jones, below, in Milwaukee'on Now Year's"afler- nooii. Sleclu delhroned - Eddlo (llabe) lllslto In Scntllo in July. '1 ho T.icomn Tappci held Jones, who foimeily claimed the championship, to u 10-iound diaw in 1931 and took an eight-iound decision fiom the Memphis and Akion Negio tho following joai. U will lie his flist stait oil' the Pacific, coast. —a mere drop In Ihe bucket On the other hand government cxpeiidllmes have gone forward al a tremendous rate—at lea-sl TODR BILLION DOLLARS in cnieigency and recovery nnd bonus payments for the year. Foreign Trade Shows Mtllc Gain Foielgn trade, of course, cannot account for the lift It has risen only a few million dollars There has ucen a Uemendous movement plans' for'.the. conference Include of foielgn money Into Ihe coun- nuise It Is ;cry necessary to know what, picclsely, Ib Ihe dynamic foice behind recovctj. Bui while, up lo now. the" energies originating In prhate business ha\e had • llltle to do wilh the iccovciy, the fact lemalns that these energies aie btglnnlng to show signs of life and lo express themselves Auto Industry Only KUiccts VLW' I iirocs It Is, foi instance, common to say that the automobile Industry has led the country out of the dcpics- slon This Is line In a sense, If nc undo stand Just what M mean by Ihe words 'iho automobile Industry has, Indeed been Ihe nrst to respqml to recovery forces, because It Is. as it Has been foi Jears, the most. Intelligent Industry, making boiler ctlrs at lower pi Ices and thus attracting Iraclo, while so many oltiu ludiis|r!es, arc interested only Hi gctlihg pilccs up But that Ihe recovery oilginat- cd In the automobile Industry Is not true It orlglii-(ted entirely In government expenditures which cieated vast floods of new puichas- Ing power which mado itself felt In the autonjobllo In luslry nrst lie- cause that Industrj Invited It by wise policies: We must keep our eyes on building and the manufacture of heavy machinery AS this capital goods Industry rises In energy, government spending may be tapered olf 'io taper Ihe latter off too quickly, before tlie former takes its place, might well halt the whole recovery movement, Dr. Lauren. 1 ; H. Seclyc and Dr. Al- ucrt B. Corey of St. Lawrence University and Reginald G. Trotter, and Principal Wallace of Queens University. while this Is a threat lo stability, it lias exercised no effect as yet upon business, since bank loans have Increased so lllllc. All this Is very Important be- A swarm of bees that lias left a hive continues lo be the owner's pro]icrty as long as he can keep it In sight, accorling to the laws of Blackstonc. Goes For an Aerial Stroll Up in tho air about h'-s job, Bunny Drydcn walks ^oft his hotel roof for an upside-down aerial view 'lUfVlic-clty as he docs his dally dozen on a tight •lope high above the streets of Los-'Angeles, where lie performed at a showmen's convention. Exciting as it is for Ihe spectator, after all it must be boresome for the norfovmcr. So Drydcn gets a groan of anguish from the spectators by takiftg a rest, with apparently no rafc-guard but the polo and a toe curled over the rope. But there's nothing like a chair for comfort, so Dryden carries this one out and lakes his curlain calls silling down. Maybe it .Is not visible from the street, but you can sec for yourself that two of those chair less are not In use at all, A little warming up has put Dryden on his toes, girl balanced on his shoulders. She seems to be using his head for steering—as if they were golnj so lie tries a stroll over the ftvcnue with a pretty any place except straight nhend, Now he has come oul alone for some fancy trlcXs, good "for several thousand stiff n«cks among those craning spectators on the sidewalks far below. Drydcn's only stage "prop"—aside from the tight rope—Is the balancing pole he holds In his hands, and the soft shoes which hell! hltn grip th<! fopo.
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