Page 3 article text (OCR)
PRTDA.Y, TAMTJARY 12, 19-iO IT Mil Wheat Pit In BecllaniMs Sales Swell Mushroom Communities To Facie Away As Work Pushes Toward End PORT PECK, Mont. (UP)—Fa'v- ored by one of the mildest fulls in Montana • history engineers arc rolling toward completion mam- monlh you P CL ,|( dam, world's largest mtm-mmlr structure, lit) aiding- doom to a half dozen mushroom workers' communities which sprung up about (lie project. Uninterrupted by snows and bitter cold which usually visit the northern Mimfeun prairies long before December, work has gone on apace. On Nov. 5, tlic last of Hiillions of cubic yards of fill dredged from the Missouri ihei bottom, gushed through miles, of pipeline, completing (he major phase of project construction. Dredging operations raised the huge structure to within 25 feet of Its ultimate height. The remainder of the barrier, designed primarily lo control the flow of the Missouri river to provide a constant 0-foot channel from st Louis. Mo:, to Sioux City. la., will be raised by roll-nil methods this year. Many Workers Dropped When dredging was completed it marked the finish of fid per cent of the work which started Oct. 23, 1933. As the new year opened only about 1,200 of (lie army of 10,000 workers employed at the peak, of operations in 1030 K'erc on (lie payroll. Carload lots sold by samples at cash tables behind pit Traders make bids byjiond signals 2 Onfy traders allowed in v/fieat pit Telephone clerks transmit bids by messenger to traders on floor Ryes of the world r,i-c on (Ills scene in the wheat pit. of :, Board ol Trade where the graiii continues lo hold well nbovJ a Because of the noisy bedlam in the wheat "|>H" dollar a bushel Allies Confident Of Running Down Two Pocket Battleships Mnj. Clark Kittrell, in charge of army engineers on the project, estimated that only slightly more than 500 will l» needed to complete the program in 1940. And with departure of the workers, the days- of such boom towns as Wheeler, New Deal, Park Drove, Wilson and Delano Heights nra .numbered, without dam workers seeking recreation, their night-life establishments, constituting 30 per cent of the town's business districts, arc fading. Already many frame buildings where once silver dollars and "shot." glasses clinked night-long, are being ripped down. When the government breaks camp, the usual practice of offering equipment for use by another office of the army engineering corps or government agency «-iu be followed. Otherwise it will sold at auction. Houses to S(and Some 300 temporary hmiies and ynost nf.nthex barracks<occupied--.b'y ;-lhc government will be retained lor at least another year. Montana National Guardsmen recently were quartered in one group of barracks during their maneuvers.. Engineers now are concentrating on. construction of intakes to tiie diversion tunnels on tiie $114,- OOO.COO project. On Dec. 5 more than 1-1,000 cubic yards of the required 29.400 cubic yards of concrete was in place on this phase of the program. -. Behind the dnm a. lake 24 miles long, seven miles wide and containing some 50,000,000,000 gallons of water has formed since the barrier was closed June 24, 1937. By 1944 or 1945, engineers estimate the lake will be ISO miles be REUEL s. MOORB United Press Stan Correspondent LONDON. <UP)-Sooner or later the laws of chance will intervene to end (he careers ol Germany's pocket battleships Deutschland and Admiral Schecr ir they remain on (he higli seas. It is confidently predicted in naval circles which rejoiced at the scuttlhv ot Hie Nazi battleship Graf Spec At Montevideo. Tiie Allied fleets are constantly on the watch for them and (he pursuers believe it will be only a matter of time until they are nil- countered by naval or aerial pa- Irpls mid hunted clown. Exports oil naval affairs say the pccket battleships are making the. most of their "nuisance" value by their Indies of striking infrequently and (hen hiding. They have not. sunk many merchant ships, but they do force the Allied fleets (o conduct an expensive search with valuable craft which might otherwise be engaged if the pocket battleships remained at home. 'Actually a platform), iraders bid or communicate with each oilier b.v liiiiid signals. Forecasts of-(he worst winter wheat crop on _ record ivcrp responsible for (he full market. Flies For Royal Air Force ing a pocket battleship despite thu latter's nrhior. These chances would be inn- tcrlnlly increased if two or more cruisers were nble to attack simultaneously. I Destroyers Might Slrike ! It would be feasible for a Heel! of several destroyers under cover of darkness or biid wenUier to tackle a |x>cket battleship in an effort to torpedo her. With- any I kind of visibility, however, such nn attack very likely would cost several destroyers and circumstances would dictate whether the effort was worth (he risk. A combination of cruisers and destroyers would bo a serious menace to a pocket battleship. There is always the possibility (hat n raider would be encountered In an nren where avltuimi could join in the attack. Often weather conditions In winter in northern waters would be a bar to effective aerial cooperation, however. With (lie """ ""= Allies' nnvnl problem Their service lo Germany in this requiring maintenance of a large respccL.i-.ls more important than fleet of patrol vessels It is hnrdU the tonnage they destroy. If they likely, (lie commanders would force atlackcdt merchant- ships often'=an'engagement with smaller craft enough to cause a serious loss of if the odds were too crrat fr:nnM(7a flM> ilin^,..,*.. n.-i it.-., it '_ __ . . ... b'tiii. a maximum width of of 1,600 long-, have 10 miles, a shore ....^ „, ,,„„, miles and contain 19,412,000 acre feet of water. v, The dam will be "polished" by moving some 1,503,000 cubic yards of fill from one section to another and by riprapping some sections with a layer of rock. Control shafts and valves will be completed, and a $7,000,000 i»wer plant with an ultimate capacity of 105,000 kilowatts will be -installed. Dam 250 Feet High The • dam rises 250 • feet above the river bed and spans 20.000 feet of the river valley. It has a maximum thickness of 4,900 feet at Its base while the crown is 100 feet *» " ie be . ™ 1> ? U ' wide. asphalt, highway ulti- . , - mately will be constructed across the dam. The huge structure was not built without tragic accidents. On Sept. 22, 1938, a 2,000 foot section of tile upstream face of the dam slid into the reservoir, burying eight men. Several other workers lost their lives on the enterprise. Engineers blamed Hie earth movements for the tragedy but said "no basic engineering defects were found after the slide." "If we weren't .sure (lie dam was solid In every way, ready to >/ stand forever, we wouldn't be finishing the job," Maj. Kittrell said. In 1941 the power plant installation is scheduled to be completed, it is estimated to cost $7,000,000 and will be capable of generating 105,000 kilowatts although generating equipment for only 50,000 watts will be installed at first. Power Output Secondary Generation of power, however, is only a secondary objective in constructing the dam. Besides power generation, other secondary factors which Influenced construction of the huge water barrier were flood control, erosion control, irrigation and unemployment relief. Tiie greatest flood danger along the Missouri comes every spring. Because it is fed at its headwaters by mountain streams which are swelled by melting snow in the late spring and recede to mere trickles during summer and fall, the rale piled and their careers of destruction would be shortened. Theory Way Be Upset The theory often has been expressed that the British battle cruisers Hood. Renown and Repulse, and France's battleships Dnnquevque and Strassbourg are the only Allied ships capable of dealing with the Dcutschlaml and Admiral Schcer. which in a few weeks are credited with account- ins 'or a series of casualties io merchant ships, including the Clement, Stonegale, Africa Shell and the Doric Star, the' capture of the American steamer City of Flint, and the sinking of the converted cruiser Rawalpindi. This theory is advanced because the pocket battleships are faster than any other Allied capital ships, while their 11-inch guns would outrange the guns of Allied cruis- taking them. evs and destroyers capable of over- Howevcr, students of naval tactics say under certain conditions (hat one or more 8-inch gun cruisers or several destroyers would be justified in attacking the Dent- schland or Admiral Sheer with reasonable chances of success Range Is Naval Secret The exact range of the 11-inch guns on these vessels and the 8- inch guns of the larger Allied cruisers is not publicly known, but range is not necessarily in proportion (o caliber. Even though the Deutschland's and Admiral Sheer's guns may outrange cruiser guns, it does not necessarily follow that a pocket battleship would always have an opportunity to shell a pursuing cruiser without danger during the interval after the cruiser drew within i-mee of the pocket, battleship's guns and before she could approach close enough to reach the German ship with her own guns. Under weather conditions prevailing in winter over the North Sea and North Atlantic, where the search for the Deutschland was concentrated, enemy ships plight • • - -. -.——.. ,,.,.»_ wu £lfjll', Ijljt that they there seems to be little doubt that 'o»ld be nntUi- Britain's and France's cruisers and destroyers are ready to tackle Die Deutschltmd and Admiral Scheer if circumstances' ai'e right. Crescent City Told It Faces Cave-In Peril -NEW ORLEANS (UP)—New Orleans, a. city built on wood pilings may cave in on iUelf while trying lo keep cool, according to Charles Evan Fowler, a widely known building expert and consulting engineer. Shallow wells in the business district are constantly pumped for air-cooling purposes. Fowler said. He added that this eventually will lower the water table under the city's area and cause wood pilings,which serve as support for some of I the largest buildings, to rot. Already one large building Has bad to be underpinned because of sinking. One of eight B rili,li women selected (o (ly light (raining planes from factories to military airdromes, thus relieving men pilots lor combat duly, Mrs. Winifred Crosslcy Is pictured nl pi nllfi comrois ' , .wllh her 12-ycarrOld .1011, John. \ • Arkansas' Benefits'From Reciprocal .Treaties Cite< Fowler, aulhor of some 30 books on engineering, made a survey across Lake Pontcliartrnin for a proposed 24-mile causeway He issued dcsigas for reinforced concrete pilings of four, eight, and twelve vanes, the last having an increased geometrical ratio of frlc- tional power over the first Increased frictlonal power, Fowler explained, means increased supporting poiver. He added: "The study recently made for a new 10-story building in New Orleans where 3,500 wood piles were to be used indicated that cracks might develop when the building was creeled and that the same length vancd concrete piles would carry twice as much load and guarantee the integrity of the building." Mayor Koberl s. Maestri iu - cently ordered destruction of hackberry trees in many sections of the city in the belief that these trees take up surface moisture from the earth. be range of 8-inch I guns before they would sight each other. Given conditions that the ves- jels were wiihln each other'; range before firing started, the pocket battleship would have a material but not an overwhelming advantage over nn 8-inch gun ciuiser. A cruiser, with a good break In the fortunes of gunnery might succeed in disabling or sink- ;>.of greatly. in Ihc Missouri varies Four huge tunnels will regulate Die /low of water In order 'that Kat Takes His Socks SPOKANE. Wash. (UP) _ when Policeman W. D. Thompson returned from a fishing trip h e figured he was fortunate to have his trousers. He 'was awakened one night by a pack rat. seizing a .410 gauge shotgun and a flashlight, he killed the rat. Investigating, he found the rodent had carried off his socks. river vessels uiay navigate the lower stream. The storing and holding of water on "rises" also will help lo control bank erosion' and will help to insure downstream cities and towns of a steady supply of water for domes- do purposes. By gravity it will be possible to irrigate approximately 80,000 acre? of farm land below the dam. EXPERT BEAUTY WORK CALL 106 Appo ,X nt Margaret's BEAUTY SHOP REDUCE SENSIBLY Swedish Massage, Vap, Baths Mrs. Rnlh Lawhon WASHINGTON, Jan. ll.-om- clals of the state -Deportment have prepared a pamphlet stating (hat Arkansas is both directly and indirectly-'dependent upon foreign trade "for continued economic development an sustained prosperity." The pamphlet, is part of Information used .by the Administration to support Us argument (hat the reciprocal trade agreements program should not be allowed 16 expire next July. Foreign Murkel Needed Arkansas, Stale Department oll\- elnls said, "needs foreign markets for the surplus products of its factories, its farms, and-Us forests." Between 1Q20 and 1033, Ihe year before the Trade Agreements Act was passed, the Nation's exports declined from $5,2*11,000,000 to only $1,075,000,000, the pamphlet states "Total exports reported as originating In Arkansas fell from $2H- 200,000 III 1023 to $10,200,000 ill 1332," the study continued. "As (lie volume of exports from Arkansas, and the United States as a whole, dropped, purchasing power throughout the sUitc was reduced large surpluses accumulated, ami prices fell. "The total accountable income of Arkansas fell from $544,000000 in 1929 to $283,000,000 in 1932, and cadi farm income declined from $195.000,000 to $80,000,000 between the same two years." Since adoption of Secretary Hull's program, the department reporled, agreements have been negotiated wilh 21 countries and United Stales exports to Hie countries wit which agreements have been 1 force showed nn average tuiinin increase of 42 per cent In 103Q-; over 1934-35, while exports to a other countries showed an Incren of only 20 per cent. | Specific discs Ci!«l The department, In discussln specific concessions obtained, sal lumber and Umber products, petro Icum products, rice and cotto were "examples ot the import™ products of Arkansas for whlcl expanded and more stable ior elgn market outlets have been Pb dined in trade agreements." "Unmanufactured cotton is Ar knnsas' most Important, agriculture export, and seven countries havi Guaranteed lo continue lite presen favorable treatment accorded Am erfam raw cotton," the depart mcnt continued. Exposition Held in 1904 Still Costing; St. Louis ST. LOUIS (UP)-The Louisiana Exposition held in Forest Park h 1904 still is costing the city. To locate water mains laid to Hie exposition, the water depart inenl has purchased an "M-scopc.' a sort of divining rod, or electrica appliance which gives a siuna jvlicn it passes over mclal objects in (ho ground. The department found it was needed to locate the mains because maps used by the city did not sliow some of (he connections and routes. HONE NOW CVtRY ROOM THE SAMt UWIfORM TEMP£RATURC $7 GAY 4 BILLINGS, Inc V Phone 76 Alliletcs On Firing ]J, 10 While Tokyo Opposes I'oreign Games TOKYO IU^TA" limb year id- Japanese miiioilcs, thut is tin- record Kd down for 1033, Ouujjhi. In (be (),|i(i y Mt . of , )w hitui war, sports along with ollii-r liati't, of dm ninion'ii j|f c w?| . ( , uimU'led Into din "Ntidomu Spii 1 - »nl Mobilisation- program defined to siilxmllimle everything lo I lip successful conclusion ol ties. Many of j|,, mu . s yomi n ^ lmKS were flaming mid dying dnrhiu Ihc .vcnr In khfilil while ollti-rs Were re- IwlliiB to their local military bni-- vack.s for nicllmlnavy linlninu Import roslrlclloiH matte it <tlr- 'list to net needed athletic frjuip- from Kmope mid Amci-lea, while k'lmthened liom.s of wo)V nave kss mid i c .w nine for sports.' Native Spurts Ailvni'ulril In addition niUloiinllHtlc-inlndi'd ofllelnls frowned on such fordun Impoilntlons as football und base- toll mill urged u return to such unlive sports n.s sutno, kendo and judo. This year was lo be Japan's crcat year mid m (|, e (i mc the gumcs v.'ere awarded lo Tokyo the wliolo country was excited. New theVe is rclntlvely iitde middle interest In a nnilon Hint imlll recently hci$ Imd one of Hie. fastest growing and most enthusiastic sports populations In Ihc'world. The country's best murks In Itui) were made In swimming, the span In which Jnimn took Olympic lam 1 - cls nl Los Angeles In 1032 nn< In Ucrlln In 103G. Slilljci Aral turned In a ninrk of i!:09,0 II the 200-mot-cr free-style, best tltni recorded dm-lng 1030, In the nn tlonul championships In August The figure equalled h| s own im- tioiml record. 'J'ctsiiro llannii'o also (led i mlloiml record and set the world's wsl lime of the ytnr for the distance when he wns decked li In the 200-meter breaststroke. Another 1939 best was (ho 1:08.8 of Kllchl Yoshldu lii ll.i 100-meter bnck-slroke. Tomlkntsli Aumiio splnshcd through | oOi ncters in 10:21,11 for n fourth 1030 best but wns behind his own woi'lt •ecoixl. Track I'cals Dkappi The national track mid "lick championships In Tokyo In the fal .produce!) disappointing pcrform- Jincfs and one -surprising iipsc when Knhcl Murnkoso, (he Olympic point scorer, finished fourth in the 5,000 meters—his first defeat in five years by n fellow comilry- rann. He came back tho next day however, to win Hie 10,000 meters In lennis, Japan failed to put. a Farm Lands for Sale •10 acres 4 miles WC sl nf Slfele, Mo. on «ravel road, electric Hue school |,i ls . House & barn com- r.lcte outfit tools and (cam. immediate possession. Kvcrydilnjr for 52(100, Icnns. , PACE THREE 80 acres cut-over litmf, r, acres In culllrntlon. New house nnd bjmi. 8 miles soulhwest of Slcclc. Imme- li.ilc pusscssloii, $20 per acre, small I own payment. acres cuf-nvcr [and, 8J', inllrs ivcst of Slcelc, for rjulck .laic, $10 icrc. WILCE CURTHER Is Cil[> trnin. If i the neW iihm IIIK NO. l si.ii', jii.,) Yamnijishi liMfd his cxnininnllonsBs-B naval suu-llciiiciiniit mid gave up tho Mine. Later, the' biiriwtoi7nln« vugos uyliin team of i-'ei-eno Pun- ii'c Dlid r-'raiijo Kiikiiljnvlc swept, fhrouKh modloci-c opposition to win "Hi nntlonni doubles, while (>imc«! "oh the sliiBlcs title from Pii.nl- It'iti Niikiii]i> 4-C, 0-2, «-a, (J-a. A nuinbi'r of oilier visiting icnms appeared In exhibitions tliroiieh- «ut jnjitin. chief bclnu a groun of han JOKO, Gal., eolleiio bu.xcrs, f, mixed Australian umi Phlllppini's mill n :;qund of s from Canada Nsval Recruiting PaHy Coming Here A Nttvnl UeL'i-iiltlng party W lll visit Ulydievlll,. next Thursday lor the .putjiuM! ol liiicrvkwliig and Iticllnis prellinl»-.iiy physical fxiiinlriEillons of young men |je- Iwecn Hie iijjrs of 18 und ai who lire liumslcil In naval cnllslmMU. A temporary office will Iw open |it the court IIOH.M from 8 o'clock In the moinliKj until -i m the nftor- iioan, with chlel UoiiUwnln's Male J. A. McOrinie In churBe,' In intiklnj; nnimiinooment of the piuty's raining, ulent. v. A. Ford U. s .Navy, officer In charae of Ihe Nnvy Jlecrulllnij «l«tlon In (ho rcdcral Uulldlnu at Lllile Hock pointed out duil approximately 100 ArluiiisM ,,ien nre beliig enlisted in Ihe imvy encli month although only about one of every elijhl appll- cnnls Is nccciited. In <lki<mslui; nnvy life, Mcut Poi'd i\lso iwlntcd out Hint navy pay. tictdnnln,. at $21 per month mill inert-using lo $3« after three monllis and to $5* at cxnirulion of the first year, Is nil not because alt expenses me borne by (he KOV- cimnenl. After (lie first' reenll.it- incnl, successful Intellluenl men t'nu nctinlre chief petty offer status at over $150. nljovo expeiises of food, locking mid odior c\- [ic'iiscs. ticciillslmcnt bonuses nn also paid from Jloo to $300 to all personnel who icenllst, within three" months from dnle of dlschai'Be Decniise 100 uppolutmenls lo W united Slntca Navnl Acndcmy ut AnnnpolLs Mil., ale allowed the young nu'ii of the Naval Sorvlco each year, n larger number iirf Jo nine die navy wltli .this In niliifl. It Is said. AlUiotiijli Jilsh Bchool ! graduation is not compulsory, approximately one-half of the men enlisted from Arkansas we high school (jrndvmtcs. Read courier News wimt ads Dcalrr In H cn l Kslate S tec IP, Mo. . i ' m imMimmitmf Bos BccUlHR . W llce Curtner uftfe Uo C k' l ? E ph* ^"''^Fort Smith ARKANSAS & MISSOURI Farm & City LOANS LOW INTEREST RATES EASY PAYMENTS-LONG TERMS Fastest closing service of any mortgage loan company doing business in this slate. FLORIDA BROS. & CO. Life Insurance Fire Insurance Investment Securities 0«ccola, Ark. No wonder Phillips 66 Poly Giis starts cold motors faster ... gives quicker warm-up.. ~ and reduces winter driving costs! Why? Because it is !]«!«er test. Yet Phillips 66 Poly Gas costs no more ... since Phillips-is "WORLD'S LARGEST PRODUCER of U'ral higli test gasoline.