The Times Record from Troy, New York on March 6, 1946 · Page 1
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The Times Record from Troy, New York · Page 1

Troy, New York
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 6, 1946
Page 1
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THI WIATMIt SfttES 1946-NO. 55 /··MM*, a* Mw^M. «*» IMAUtf »l ttw ' '«* Hanfc Z. TROY, R Y^ WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 6, 1946, MDCt FOUR Cf NTS Truman Urges Decency Audi Reason Over Rule Of :. · '. · . · ' ' -. '. : lyF". · : .: · ;. .' . ' ' : ' ' . . ' .' ,. ' . · W . . · ' . · . ' ' · · - · · ' · - . ; " · · ' · · ' .. - .. ' ' . ; . . »,. .· · _____ . ' ' Local Phone Service Not To Be Affected OF IIS P ; Worker*. Ask* Price Controls and Shoring of Food With Starving MiHion. Columbus. Oslo (LNSj-- President Truman warned today that only a great revival of spiritual strength *n4 religiwo, that will urtwUtute "decency and reason and brother- hoed for th* tote of fo«*" can «ve the world from de*t ruction by the atomic bomb. Mr. Truman mad* J»ta pto* tot *. restoration of reason In the world while speaking to tb* Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America here in this Ohio capital. The President told tn« churchtnen: ; ·' . . .· · ' · "If the world is long to survive, th« gigantic power which man fas acquired through atomic energy must, be matched by spiritual ktrengtb of greater magnitude. "All mankind now stands in tb* doorway of destruction-- or upos the threshold of taa greatest ag« In history. Only a high moral code am master this new power ot the universe, and develop it for the common good. "When th* sagea and th* scien- ticts, the philosopher* and ta* ·talesmen, have all exhausted their studies oi atomic energy, one solution and only one solution will remain~-the 'substitution ot decency' and revion and hrotberhoodfor the rule «f force in. the government of man." . . intolerance At Work. Mr. Truman warned that "in our relations abroad and in our ecoa- omy-'at home, forces of selfishness and greed and intolerance are again at work," adding; "This creates a situation which calls for hard decision*, for forth? rightneso, for courage and determination. "But above everything else call for on« thing, -without w« are lost They call for a moral and spiritual awakening la the l(f« of th« individual and in the councils of the wotld. "Now that we have preserved oar · freedom of conscience and religion (in the war just ended), our right to live by a decent moral and spiritual code- of our o-srs choosing, let us make full use of that .freedom. Let us make use of it tb save a world which is beset by so many threats of n«w conflicts, iiew terror and destruction," Churches Must ; L«ud. Mr. Truman asserted that the churches-- bound together in the American unity «f brotherhood-"must provide th* shock force* to accomplish this moral and spiritual . awakening." He warned: "UWesa it is done, we are headed for the disaster we would deserve, "Oh, for W Isaiah or ft. Saint Paul to reawaken a. sick -world' to Its moral responsibilities." He said this need for moral awakening applies to *nen and ·Women everywhere, "but it applies particularly to tie youth of today from whom the leadership of to* teorroW will come." Se continued: aftermath of a major war . upera- aoi to a««twl by UU p«uiiii« «f the o« ' to ft *»*·· · Tba local IAM, MM! «jera**re tUrn wtx*to* ot ttte atet* are aot MgiMC(«4 *flU» the X. t.'f. W, but Ka»e tfcfir ««'A ur«anl- tallen. Serrk* to pvtnU oul- ·Ma New Vork Swu, m»y be affecteil, however, if Ibe t-uJI iuu»t go Otruugh aa area where workAr* are a* strike. Call* to Hew If ark City «i»ft wttl be nearly impoa*lbie to make. Maialcnance cfov?* to aroa wr« -connected wita (be Kuiplre State T*le|»hon« Union which tuu recenUy ·uccessfuMy nef otiated for a *ew tuntmct with increaaed wage* and Imii- caUon. am that Uey wUl not to a«ect*d to «v« N. F. X. \V. ·trflw. TALK MAY SPEED NEt PARLEY Brit'sh War Leader SoysRus- «io Seeks to Expand Power they Continoed on Page 8») Churches Urge Halt In Atom Bomb Output Columbus) O. UB--Production.of Atomic bombs by the United State* ·hould be halted Immediately, a resolution introduced at a plenary session of the Federal CotJneil Of Churches of Christ meeting advocated today. The resolution was ·presented ·hortly before an address by President Harry Truman. The resolution was contained in four major theses in a report by a commission oii the relation of the church to the war in the light of Christian faith- Atomic bomb production should be halted pending development of International controls, the resolution said. Th« fov- ernmenl also should affirm with saitablc guarantee*, that under no circsmstinces wilt It bfe th* first to use atomic weapons Jn any possible future war. Told President OH Man Would Bring Scandal on Democrats Washington WJfS--Former Secretary of Interior Harold I*. Ickes said today that he Mice warned the late President Roosevelt that some day Edwin W. Pauley would bring a scandal to the Democratic Party. 'I said to President Roosevelt on one .occasion that no oil mas should b* treasurer of the Democratic Committed and sootier or later you are going to have a scandal on our bands," Ickes told the Senate Naval Affairs Committee. Ickes, strongly opposing Pauley'a nomination to be Undersecretary of Navy, also told the committee be once, had a .lawyer amployed by the California oil man "run out of town" for using Democratic JSi tjonal Headquarters here as a base for oil dealings. The committee called Ickes for cross-examination on previous tes- timoney against Pauley. Ickes resigned as interior secretary because president Traman took Pauley's side in the battle. Ickes' account of his warning to Mr. Roosevelt came after Sen. Mil- Sard E. Tydings, D. Md., demanded to know why Ickes bad not told the late President about the allegedly improper manner in which Pauley, as treasurer of the Democratic National Committee, was soliciting campaign contributions. "Why didn't you tell President Truman?" Tydings continued. "I Hed «p to It several, times and he asked me no questions,' 1 replied Ickes. "I supposed he didn't want to know," Ickes bad" told the committee before his resignation that Pakley tried to get him not to file a government suit for title to Tideland Oil. He said the California oil man then Democratic national treasurer, told him he could raise $300,000 for the party's 19*4 campaign if Ickes would drop the suit. Tydings read a St. Louis Post- Dispatch newspaper story dated JTsfy 5, IMS. It. quoted Ickes 4s saying that Pauley was acting fully within hJ« rights in opposing a judicial settlement of tideland title matters and did not make any improper approaches to him. Ickes retorted that he wasn't going to tell everything to "any reporter who comes around." Ickes' assertion about getting Pauley's attorney run out of town came while Tydings was reading a document prepared by the Califor n.fa. attorney genera! in opposition to the Federal Government's tideland claims. PERON INCREASES HIS LEAD OVER TAMBOR1NI IN ARGENTINA RETURNS Buenoa Aires «UW--Col. Jaaa D. Pcrpn, Natlonal-Laborite presidein- tial candidate, held a lead over W* Dcmocrafts oppentnt, £f. Jos« P. Tamborini, today in all except one ef the states where votes in the Feb. 24 election stlft wire being counted. Peroh popular rot* lead to«4 is- creased to nearly 60,000 and hit potential electoral colleg-e vote bad incteasfad to 232 while TamboriniV dropped to 38. Peron took the lead In Cordoba stats where Tamborini Had been ahead stjnce counting started. His vote when the electoral board re- ccaaed yesterdsiy was -40,497 W Tamborini's iM^t. Peron'S total iopuVar vote stood today at S07,215 250,70$ for Washington tfl» -^ A disturbing new element beset susjjicio.i-riddied Three relations today-- Winsen ChurchiU's pela for quick creation of an Anjjlo-Amerjcan military alliance. Here in the nation's capital two schools of diplomatic thought reacted to the impact ot the Church- 11 addren* One held tbat it would bring hidden distrust out into the open and force a sfaav.-dowa; the other that it would bolster belief hat security must entail spheres of Influence There appeared little sentiment o discount the weight of Church- H'B words on American public opln- on. coming as they did only Sve days after Secretary of State Syrnes told the world this country must stand ready to fight, if necessary, to protect the principles of the United Nations Charter. On top of Byrnes' solemn words save piled these developments in recent weeks to strengthen argfur meats in some American diplomatic quarters that another face to face meeting among the chiefs of state las become essential to renew war- ime bonds of cooperation: Critic*! .Developments, 1. A United States protest sent to Moscow only yesterday against the failure of Russia to withdraw Red Army forces from Iran by the March 2 deadline. 2. A second note of protest based on a Chinese report to this government that the Soviet Union had claimed Japanese industries in Manchuria as "war booty" and had proposed joint operation of much. of the territory's basic industry. Neither note was made public, but this country has taken the stand that no such reparations settlement Manchuria, could be undertaken by Russia alone or by only Russia and China. 3. Canada's disclosure-- and Kus- sla's acknowledgement -- that Soviet agents in Canada have attempted to obtain i»Uitry secrets through espionage. Published reports from Dairen that Russian troops were deporting Japanese forces to Siberia for: use in labor battalions. 5- A Soviet announecment that the Kuriles. strategic chain of islands across the entrance to the Sea of Okhotsk, and southern Sakhalin, have been incorporated into Russia on the strength of a Yalta agreement but without ratification by tbe United Kations. Accuses Russia. Churchill spoke at Fulton, Mo,. yesterday as a private citizen. But the fact that he was introduced by President Trumaai lent perhaps even more importance to his words than if they had been voiced on the floor of Commons in Churchill's role of leader of His Majesty's government's loyal opposiUoft. · The President spoke after the first wartime prime minister oj Great Britain had bluntly accusec sia of seeking "indefinite ix- pansion of its power and doctrines.' Speaking in the Westminster Colleg" gymnasium where both Mr. Churchill and the nation's Chief Executive received honorary degrees; tbe former prime minister called for an end to the "^uiferi 3)*ecarfo«s balance of power" which he asserted offered a tempation to ·'ambition or adventure." Mr. Truman who, it was reported had read an advance topy oi (Continued on Page 6.) ·Ml»S GET ~EW BIBLES. Tokyo tnW--A shipment of 100,090 copies of the Holy i?ible printed in Jspanese arri\-ed by plane today. They arc the first of a consignment of 300.008 donated by the America*! Bible Society. ian, French And Irish Brides Sail £·« Havre, France UP) -- Nearly ,-W. GoeUials would arrive In New 500 ^French and Belgian wives and York in less than two weeks. The HELD IN CANAJA SPV PtOBE: Miss Kathleen Mary 41 (left) afld Mrs. Emma Woikih, 25, (right) are shown at Ottawa, Oat., as they appeared to be booked on charges of conspiracy to violate the Official Secrets Act. They "were named by a Canadian royal commission as involved ja a spy rsog supplying informatioa to Russia. . Legislature Gets Amendment For Veterans' Bonus Document, Approved By j M'Arihtfr, Renounces War j For AH time Tokyo (A 1 *--A new Japanese con-! BUtution renouncing war for all time and prohibiting the aiainie- j Dance of armed forces was an- j nounced today. ' \ General ilacArihur, reporting tbat it was dratted with his full approval, emphasized that "the foremost ot Us provisions i x x thai abolishing war as a sovereign right el the nation x x x renders j (Japan's) future security and very J survival subject te the good faith and justice of the peace loving peo-. pies of the ·world." Hirorito, who will be reduced rosi "a sacred and inviolable" mp*ror to a symbol o* state with ery limited formal functions, ssuftd a special rescript staling: 'It is my desire that the consii- utlon of our empire be revised irastically upon the basis of the general will Of the people and the irinciple of respect for the fundamental human rights. 'I command hereby the conspe- ent authorities of my government WIUJAM It WHJUS Spanish Troops Buttle Guerrilla Force Near French Frontier Madrid (UB--Two bomb explosions in Barcelona and a guerilla gun battle near the French frontier were reported today as the IT. S. embassy contemplated a Hew protest to tbe Spanish government, . The American embassy t:o i nsid* ered protesting to Gen. JFraacisco Franco's government against what U. considered the distorted and ·wil- fully misleading summarized version of the tri-power declaration on Spain published in the Spanish press. It was believed that tbe XL S. government information service here will distribute thousands Of copies of the full declaration and the accompanying American white paper on Franco's relations with the Axis throughout Spain. Two bombs exploded in the University Square In downtown Barcelona, yesterday afternoon, apparently without causing any fatalities. The first bomb to explode was hidden in an advertising sign. It released the cover of a box, unfurling a Catalan flag of tbe National K e p u, b 1 i c a. n government. About 100 anti-Franco leaflets also were scattered by the bomb. A few seconds later the second bomb exploded across the but it failed to release a similar trick box. Tbe gijerllla battle occurred in the Pyrenees Mountains inside the Spanish frontier last S a t u r d a y ·when, a band of "Spaniards from Franc* crossed tb* border and were engaged by government forces. An Other Proposals for Cash Payments Now likely to Fall By Wayside (Staff Correspondence.) Albany--Submission to the Legislature today by the Bi-partisan Legislative Committee en Veterans' Affairs of a. constitutional amendment authorizing a state debt of $400,000,000 for payment of a,' cash bonus to New York State's 1,600,000 World "War El veterans means other proposals for Cash payments wili fall by the wayside after sporadic outbursts oif oratory in both houses. Meanwhile the eoinaiittee submitted a report stating: · "The extremely doubtful legality of payment of the bonus out of unds on hand, coupled with the obvious detriment to the people oi the state, including veterans, which would result from 'this method of payment, impels the committee to recommend the adoption of a constitutional amendment to authorize the creation of a debt for this purpose. The proposed amendment authorizes a bond issue not to exceed $400,000,000. B?nds mean Interest payments and the true picture of the ultimate cost of the bonus to the people of the state cannot be obtained wiihout considering this factor. * Assuming, issuance of the maximum amount of the bonds is authorized interest charges Is expected to amount to 1.5 per cent. Interest Charges Cited. Tbe committee pointed out tfca a 1*00.000,000 bond issue for a 25- year period would cost about $7S,- 000,000 while the same amount for a period of · years would cos about $123,000,000. "The committee has presented what $t considers a comprehensive plan for payment of a bonus," the report said. "It has been mindfu not only of the veterans of the state and their nezt of kin. but of all the people as well, In the belief that the welfare of the veteran is inseparable from that of the people an whole. Proposals to pay the bonus 1m mediately from the state's general funds tvere spurned, the committe said, because it would require im nndisclosed number of the raiders posing taxes equal to the appro- were killed, wounded or captured, j priation which must be collected Officials described the men as within a year. "reds" who had been living in the woods near the French border town "This crushing burden would re- su'it in immeasurable hardship upon of tHbraon. They were said to aH the people of the state, Includ carry machlneguaa, bombs, landing the very persons sought to be mines and vitamin rations for | tenefiUed-- the veterans. Long term seven days. J financing avoids such hardship," the Spanish political quarters and j "port saii. diplomats minimized the Importance of the docuiaefits presented by tfc« Amertean government to show Franco's affiliation with the could the state pay the bonus by siphoning off money earmarke for postwar reconstruction without depriving veterans of opportunitle: Axis on grounds that they -were _ "antiquated." The commentatorsf | asserted that their effectiveness had j to put forth in confromity with my wish their best efforts toward f accomplishment of this end." (MarArthur's approval of the constitution, maintaining the Mikado as a symbol of state, presumably ends any possibility of his being arrested as a war crimes suspect.) Renounces War. The proposed constitution vests sovereignty in the people and strips all governmental powers from the emperor. It replaces th* powerful House of Peer* with a house of councillors 1 who must be elected by all of the people and who may be overridden by the House of Representatives on some major issues. It enumerates a long list of revolutionary individual -rights for th« Japanese. It renounces "war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or Tise ot force as a means of settling disputes.." Watani NarahasW. chief cabinet secretary, told a press conference the constitution "is one of the drastic steps the government must take" and he "hopes it will be a bloodless revolution." " Premier iCijuro Shidehara said ia a. statement; "If our people are to occupy a place of'honor in the family of nations, we must see to it that our. constitution internally establishes firmly the foundation for democratic government and externally leads the rest of the world for abolition of war." Emperor Symbol of State. The constitution provides for selection of the premier by the Diet, but also specifies that the present officers can remain. Nevertheless, five members of the present cabinet may be forced to resign when a new extension of the ilacArthur- ordered political purge is announced in a few days. The constitution vests sovereignty in the people and says the Emperor is "a symbol of state." deriving "his position from the sovereign wilt of the people.'* He "never shall have powers related to the government." The new constitution also limits the Emperor's state functions to such specified acts as proclaiming elections and convoking the Diet, and says these functions may b« 6 legated as provided by law. it specifically states that maintenance of land, sea and air forces "as well as other war potential will never be authorized. The document was formulated after intensive study and consultation with Allied headquarters officials and announced suddenly after a prolonged two-day cabinet meeting; It will be submitted to the next Diet session (presumably Started Colorful Career as Store Clerk in Beri- nington j Brockton, Mass. UR -- William Henry Wills, who reversed the saying "Go West i-oung man" by coming East as a boy and rising to gov- Conciliators Report Progress in Negotiating Tefephon* Dispute BV THE ASSOCIATE PBKSS Heads of two big operating brotherhoods today set « a.m. t£. S.T.) iloaday as the deadline for a progressive strike which could paralyze Use cation's railroad systems. · . · ' . Tbfi announcement was made at a press conference' called ia Cleveland by A. F. Whitney of the Trainmen's Brotherhood and Alvanley Johhstoa of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineer?. The announcement officially confirmed reports from local officers of the brotherhoods in many titled across the country that they already had received instructions for the walkout. WbeUwr the.strike will go off as scheduled, however, was not clear Immediately. Under the Railway Labor ACt, President Truman can appoint an emergency board to study the dispute and submit recommendations. Such procedure Js presumed to forestall any strike from thirty to sixty days. Mail Service Threatened. Johnston said in Washington last month the brotherhoods proba- ernor of the Slate of "Vermont, diedj bly would exhaust machinery~«a4«r y " "·»«»--««· T .»«.· a «f unexpectedly ia is hotel room o f j the Railway Labor Act Whitney indicated that mail service might be disrupted when he said employees on: mail trains have the sam« "right to refuse to perform service" as those on other trains. · · · . - · ' . ' . "Men in. road apd yard service are to handle and transport: troop trains, hospital trains and milk hert disease early today. Ha was 63. Wills was here as a member of a Federal Coimnunlcaticss Commission committee and had spent an arduous day yesterday considering the applications of sis groups for radio transmitting staiJoas in i trains With th« understanding no this southeastern Massachusetts[ ?« service is t« b« performed ehoe city. H«s had told Atty^ PhUip Surson of Washington, the committee counsel, that he was 'extremely tired at conclusion of the dayrlong session. Despite tois Wills retired late. About 1 a.m. tie foraaer Vermont chief executive suffered the heart Seizure. However, before medical aid could reach him he was dead. Medical Examiner Pierce H. Leavitt was summoned and said death was "natural and apparently caused by a heart stricture." Wills' wife and bis daughter, Mrs. Stanley S. Pike, jr., in Bennington, Vt, were intoediatsly notified. They directed that the body be brought to. bis home for faneral services in St Peter's (Episcopal) Cimrch Friday. Burial was to be in Park Lawn Cemetery. Thirty-five years ago to Bennington everybody knew Bill Wills--a genial, jolly drygoods store clerk. Born in Chicago, Wills had come as an 8-year-old lad to Vergesnes, Vt, where he attended the public schools before moving with his family to Benrjington. MARSHALL'S REPORT CITED TO PROVE JOBl ! NO NAZI 'WARMONGER" Nuernberg iff)--The international military tribuaal was told today that Gca. George C. Marshall's 1945 report to President Truman would disprove the charge that Col. Gen, Alfred jodl, last chief of staff of the German army, was a "war- "These notes by one of tie Allies* raost outstanding officers about tbe activity at the German i Shortly after the April 10) general election, for approval. The constitution includes an unprecedented clause for establish- ] headquarters dated Sept. 1 aid high coairJiar.d aad general staff relieve Jafil of the reproach of hav- aag been a warmonger with far- reach ingr plans of soaquest," Defense Atty. Franz said in requesting that the Marshall report be furnished Jod! for his defense. Jodl also asked the Tribunal's permission to introduce In Ms defense reports by Adolf Hitler's ment of a regency. It also sped- Oct. 7, 1842, relative to the fetter- fles authorization of the Diet bs- ing of German prisoners captured to the ia cotmectioa therewith," he said. The strike plan calls for the work stoppage to become ePectivfr Monday on one group of roaJs; Tuesday on the second group; Wednesday on the third group of : roads and Thursday on th* flaaJ group. At "the same time, the railroad managements denounced the strike call as a "senseless and flagrant. disregard" of the Railway Labor Act aad Special Federal Mediator * "James F. Dewey was summoned from petrolt to Washington to give Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach a report on the General Motors strlk«i · ·' · ; ' " ; ' ' : · . ' Dewey Galled To Capital. A labor department spokesman in Washington said Dewey was called Ift "in view of the impasse" -in Detroit negotiations to end .the 106-day old strike. Th* special mediator will attend afternoon wage talks ia Detroit be; tweea representatives of tbe corporation and tfac 175,000 striking C, £. O. United Auto Workers* then board a plane for Washington to confer with Schw«lleabach tbj* evening. · . Progressive Plan. Tbe TJ. A. W. called its strike a "lockout" after the corporation turned down its proposals for arbitration and Dewey said a poll of tbe strikers oc back-to-work proposals seemed "out of th* picture for tb.e minute." Charge taw "Flaunted." In Chicago, the Carriers' Conference Committee representing major railroads engaged- Jn arbitration with 18 brotherhoods, said the Brotherhoods of Railroad Trainmen and Locomotive Engineers bad "flaunted the law in calling tiiis strike." Officials of the brotherhoods in several cities have disclosed receipt of instructions for a progressive strike on the nation"* railroads starting 2Joaday. : The strike plan divides all railroads into four groups, with the strike to become effective next Monday la the first group; oa March 12 for the second group; (Continued on Page IS.) children of American aoMiers sailed lor the UnHed States today after tb* departure of their transport, te George W t Goethals, was de- lyed twenty minutes when the Jftother of one bride tried to stow away. Army authorities finally persuaded Mm* i.nhi Politzsr of Paris that she could not mak« the trip. M m e P o l i t z e r te tbe mothtr ttt; Mrs. Jos tile Addelson 1» «n route to join her hus- former Warrant Officer Jack Aidelson, Altobna. Pa. , Th« incident did Rot dampen the gaiety of th« brides. Nor were they disturbed when their transport bumped into the stern of th* 0.S.S. General Anderson which was loading American soldiers for a homeward voyage. No one was hurt and no damage was done. The sol- diets Joined In the singing Kind joking as the bride ship pulled out of I* -Havre. · '· · . '. Army *uthorit!«s said the Gcc-rgc wives and children aboard were the first of 6/X» I?. S. soldter-depenfl- ents scheduled to depart from the European theater in Weekly contingents, Among the children aboard were Savers and Lynn* Brenner, 3- month-o!d boy and girl twins of a Texas father and an Alsatian mother. Their father. Lt. Milton L. Br*n»er, Houston, Tex, now Is on the seas. ft* saw Ms wife, 25-year-old Mrs. Violette Conn Brenner, and the children off at a station itt Paris, visited them in Le Havre and promised to meet them Jn ' Belfast, Sforthetii Ireteftd UP) -U. S. transport Henry Gibbons sailed today for New York with 314 Irish brides and 140 children of American service men. ; Dock workers lined the quay sinjjing "Land of Hope and Glory" and "Come Back to Erin." for employment which will be available in a public building pro- ·am, the committee added. een outmoded by sabswjiierit war; A » *»* aj f mb *;«t of « e commit. l tee--three Republicans and three i Democrats--approved the report. fore property can be given Imperial Houss or BJsburaeaients can b« made by It. in the raid on Dieppe. Because of this, he said, the German high', commanc ordered reprisals. j events. TORTURE "WONDERFUL" FOR GETTING FACTS ACCUSED JAP ASSERTS Shanghai tf)--Bespectacled little IsaTnu Ishihara, Japanese interpreter at Shanghai prison camps, to- accepted responsibility for "bad (Con«nw*d on FAMED UNION LEADER DIES IN CHICAGO AT 95 Chicago CP)-~gt*v(s Simmer, 96, one of Chicago's most colorful labor union leaders tmtil "his retire- Hint Britain Backs ChiirchillY Views London fUR--The British govern-} military committments -- Stti which were "wonderful f o r , ment in 1839, 3ted last Bight after finding out facts" from American prisoners. He Was testifying In his own defeasft in his war-crimes trial. A verdict by th« five-man military commission Is expected" tomorrow. Ishihara, dubbed "'Beast of the by prisoners, admitted applying the "water treatment" to Wake Island Marines and. other prisoners, btft he added; ·"White the water treatweat looks terrible to those who don't know it, I can say it gives temporary physical Buffering but no pemmhcnt injury... it was wonderful lor finding out facts." a long ilteess. Stunner, one of the founders and Jor more than 35 years an Official of the A.-T..L. Milk Wagon Drivers tJnlon, during the late J.920's and «arly IKiO's had foaght the oi* Capone and other gangs which he accused of tfyiivg to g-ain control of the union. Sumner's union office was con* verted Into a veritable fortress, with guns, bullet proof glass and guards. M« similarly fortified his »outh side home ai»6 he drove around in an armored automobile onced owned by Samuel Insall, the iate utilities magnate. ment was believed todey to approve most of Winston Churchill's Mfs-1 relations, i sy so of- i aciallv. The British press generally commented favorably on the speech, particularly concerning th« urgency of getting a settlement with Russia on outstanding issues. The Communist Daily Worker.assailed it as the start of *n Anglo-American axis agftinst Rxiasia. Diplomatic observers; pointed out that Churchill's speech agreed in many aspects with the policy of Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, At the UNO Bevln protested against the secrecy of Russian policy and he has arged that".alt. the'big powers put their cards on the table. Bevin was known to Be awxifctts to speed up .orgaaizaUon of UNO Churchill's proposal for an inter nation?.! airforce--and to strength- ch the UJiO, as urged by the former premier. The government position was on a formal ariilitary alliance with the the United States was unknown, although Prime Minister Clement Attiee's administration is based on closes friendship with th* United States. , · · . · . Most Britons thought ChHrehiH's speech "pretty grim." Teh former premier's %vords brought home as perhaps never before the difficulties in Anglo-Soviet relations. White most morning newspapers spokr wen of the speech, dwelling on the dangerous trend in relations with Rnsste, tli* Labor Piarty's newspaper the Dally Herald con- spicwously refrained from ment. . . ' · ' ' . POPE BIDS FAREWELL TO TWO CAROfNAtS ! Vatican City tf --· Pope Plus 1 limited his public activity oa thi» ! A»h Wednesday and gave only I private aediences. 1 He r«eive4 Clemeftt Crdla»» ! Von GaJen aad Josef Oir*lnai · Fsings of Germany In farewell aoiV 1 ences. ! Vaticaft offices were doted, Dur^ i i n g Lent, the Pope will hear »*r~ members of bis household. The Index Classified Cohoes Comics Death Notices Editorial Obituary Pulse of the People ftadio Society Sparta ThcaWrs Women's i'calittret Page 30-21 IS 19 11 Ifl 17 JO 15 14 M-lft 18 14

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