Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on March 31, 1959 · Page 6
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 6

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Tuesday, March 31, 1959
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6 - Tuesday, Mar. 31, 1959 Redlands Daily Facts * TELEVISION IN REVIEW * * By William Ewald NEW YORK (UPI)— "America Pauses For Springtime." a special unspooled by CBS-TV Monday night, was a flat and hollow drooper, a dally and dawdle hour without substance or much point. Its format was an unblushing swipe of NBC-TV's old Wide Wide World series, but the curious thing about the CBS-TV hour was that it might just as well have been shot in a studio. Through the use of tape and film, the show kangarooed to such stops as San Francisco, Hollywood. Augusta. Ga.. West Point, N.Y., Colorado's Garden of the Gods and Louisiana's bayou country, but it never really scooped up the flavor of any of these areas. All of these points were merely used as backdrops for a snatch of song, a snippet of dance, a smidgin of chatter, none of it with much core or import. Genevieve, poised against a Louisiana TAKE GOOD CARE OF YOUR CAR AUTOMOTIVE REPAIRS OF ALL KINDS . . . FREE ESTIMATE Mobil DON SIGNOR MOBIL SERVICE-GARAGE Hirhwiy $9 * Mt. View Bedlindi FT 6-M5 tree, might just as well have been singing from a stage. Ditto Robert Merrill, badly lip-synching on a Manhattan ferry, and Bobby Jones talking about nothing in particular from a swatch of ster ile greenery at the Augusta Na tional Golf Club. Jane Wyman spouted some awful gush in reverential tones while a film was being run off and she somehow managed to make some Emily Dickinson lines sound flabby. Another sequence from Broadway's "Flower Drum Song" convinced me I'd never want to see it. From all this I except a couple of moments. Marge and Gower Champion appeared in a section from San Francisco's Golden Gate Park and while they seemed to be more concerned with moving than dancing, the piece had some elan. Fairly successful, too was a filmed bit from Coesse, Ind., that-centered around a gen eial store and Herb Shrincr. The talk sounded suspiciously re hearsed, but it did have a kind of hickory charm and it was pleasant to catch some real people in the squasii of grease-painted performers. The sponsor of the hour—a soft drink company — foreswore the usual set commercials and substituted in their stead bottles of the product in several of the sequences. Among the people who suddenly developed a craving for the stuff during the evening were Shriner. a ferry boat captain and a golfer. Frankly, it struck me as a sneaky attempt to infiltrate me and I would have preferred SELL IT TOMORROW With an inexpensive Classified Ad Next Soviet Target Could Be Iran By PHIL NEWSOM UPI Foreign News Editor ISTANBUL, Turkey (UPJ)-The next Soviet target in the Middle East could be Iran. Here is Turkey, in the United Arab Republic of Egypt and Syria, in Lebanon and even in Baghdad it is agreed that the battle for the Middle East is just beginning. And as Cmmunism spreads its tentacles across Iraq, neighboring Iran is a natural target. It becomes more so in light of the growing enmity between President Gamal Abdel Nasser's UAR and the Soviet Union. For with Syria firmly in Nasser's grasp. Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev loses his chance for a Mediterranean port. Therefore, he might decide it is time for a flanking action, driving toward the Persian Gulf. Such an idea would not be new to the Russians. In 1940, during the brief period of friendship between Russia and Hitler's Germany, the Russians 'candidly described the "area south of Batum and Baku in the general direction of the Persian Gulf" as the center of Soviet aspirations. If Communism takes over Iraq, then Iran is the only bar to fulfil­ ment of that dream. Here in Istanbul, responsible Turks believe the Western powers may not be sufficiently impressed with the Soviet suthward threat or with the historic reality of Soviet aspirations. It would not be hard to convince many here the Soviet Mid- eastern threat is a greater one than the Soviet threat to West Berlin. Three passes split the mountains dividing Iraq and Iran and provide the only feasible land routes between them. The Iraqi army's second division is spread out across northern Iraq guarding those passes. But at most it is a token show of force because no one expects an invasion from Iran. But Iran itself could be invaded, not from the south but from the north. It need not necessarily be a military invasion. The Russians had a military foothold in Iran after World War II and held it until the force of world opinion marshaled by the United Nations pushed them out. The weapon used could be the same weapon being used today in Iraq. A sudden coup toppled Iraq's King Faisal before the Western world scarcely knew what had happened. Then the Communists moved in to the point where many in the Middle East believe it will be almost impossible to oust them. The Communist Tudeh Party In Iran is outlawed. But its strength remains and it has never ceased its plotting. ordinary commercials — at least I can tune those out in my head. CBS-TVs Desilu Playhouse offered a surprisingly good Western Monday night in "The Hard Road," a drama about a bounty hunter and his quarry. Barry Sullivan, Joseph Larch and Patricia Barry turned in able performances. But it was Cliff Robertson as the prey who really snapped the whole hour alive—he is a superb young actor and it's a pleasure to watch him work. The Channel Swim: CBS-TV's Keep Talking has the wobbles again. Orson Bean,, currently filming "Anatomy of a Murder" in Michigan, has been offered the fourth panel seat on NBC-TV's new game show. Laugh Line, which debuts April 16 — Eleaine May, Mike Nichols and Dorothy Loudon are the other panelists. The latest Nielsen ratings say, ABC-TV's Maverick is now the number one show — It's followed by Wagon Train, The Rifleman. Gunsmoke, Perry Como, Danny Thomas. 77 Sunset Strip, Have Gun, Will Travel, Wyatt Earp and Lawman. School Sites Bill Shelved SACRAMENTO (UPI)-A bill to give local governments final say en the location of new schools was put on the Assembly inactive file Monday by its author. Assemblymen William Biddick <D-Stockton). The measure was passed by the Assembly, but the next day the lower house voted to reconsider its action. Biddick asked that the measure be put on the inactive file temporarily while he tries to "work out something" to break the deadlock c\er it. Amendments were ready to exclude Los Angeles County from the bill. TO RECEIVE NEGROES VATICAN CITY (UPI) - Pope John XXIII will receive more than 200 Negroes from 33 nations in a special audience Wednesday morning. Vatican sources said today. The Negroes are attending a congress in Rome on Negro culture, which ends today. Diplomats Brace For May Foreign Ministers' Meet SAVE by the 10th ... Earn from the First! 4 J Clean out the sugar bowl, under the mattress, inside Dad's old fishin' boots . . . and bring those dimes and dollars in here. They're accumulating noth­ ing but dust where they are ... of at least not as much of what they could be accumulating here — MORE MONEY! And this is the best time of the year to "money-move," too. Money invested in an insured savings account by the I 0th of any month will earn from the first of that month. And, it's easy to open an account ... a dollar will do. REDLANDS FEDERAL SAVINGS & LOAN ASSOCIATION Fifth & Citrus, Redlands, Calif. Phone PY 3-2391 Si* mm FROM THE 1st BRANCHES IN YUCAIPA AND FONTANA By PETER EDSON NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON—In connection with the forthcoming meeting of the Council of Foreign Ministers,! May 11, to prepare for the summit conference on the German situation later in the summer, somebody should write a book on the history of these 16-year-old, exclusive debating societies. There is no good critical analysis of their work. Not even the U. S. State Department has a worthwhile summary of their problems, potential, successes, weaknesses and failures. There are the official corn-) muniques issued at the end of every session and there are brief accounts in the annual reports of international conferences. But the inside stories of what went on, and interpretations, are lacking. The Council of Foreign Ministers could be a great force for world peace. To the extent that it might try to dictate to smaller powers, it would be suspect. But if it could confine itself to solving the differences between the big powers, it might be more effective insurance against World War III. ! Paved Way for U.N. As reviewed in a previous dispatch, there were five or nine CFM meetings—depending on how you count them — in which the Russians took part from 1943 through 1947. They paved the way for the U.N. They approved peace treaties with five of the smaller Axis powers. Where they failed was in making peace with Japan. Austria and Germany. The first two had to be negotiated separately. Germany is still the principal business of summit and; CFM. | What is listed officially as the sixth CFM meeting was held in Paris May 23-June 20, 1949. Dean Achcson had become secretary of state. The Council was convened to work on German and Austrian peace treaties, after the breakdown of these negotiations in London in 1947. It failed again. In April 1949, America, Britain and France had merged their three zones of occupation in Germany. The German Federal Republic (West Germany) was estab- 1 lished. its constitution adopted and elections held later that year. Futile Attempt To counter these moves the Russians proposed CFM meetings on German demilitarization in June 1950. There were four- power exploratory talks of deputies in Paris March 4-June 21, 1951. But the three western powers finally decided that another foreign ministers' meeting would be useless. The Russians made another proposal for a CFM meeting to be held in Washington in July, 1951, but it was rejected. So the next CFM session — officially the seventh—was held in Berlin, Jan. 25-Feb. 18, 1954, with Secretary of Stste John Foster Dulles taking over. Again the foreign ministers were unable to reach agreement on Austria and Germany. But they did agree to hold a Far East peace parley, to be attended by Communist China. This was the Geneva conference of April 26-July 21, 1954. It resulted in a cease-fire in Indochina and a division of Communist North and free South Viet Nam. But the United States did not sign this settlement, not being a belligerent. ' Two further meetings of western foreign ministers in London and Paris during the fall of 1954 brought agreement to take West Germany into NATO, to keep allied forces in Germany, to end military occupation and t<5 grant the Federal Republic of Germany full sovereignty. The fourth summit conference in Geneva in July. 1955. led to the eighth CFM, also in Geneva. Oct. 27-Nov. 16. 1955. Same Old Proposals . Going back on their agreement to reunify Germany through free' elections, the Russians came in with their same old proposals: Abolish NATO, disarm Germany, withdraw all foreign troops in Europe and sign a general treaty on collective European security, prior to unifications of Germany. The western powers countered with the Eden plan for creating a stronger, unified free Germany. There was no possibility of reaching an agreement on these conflicting viewpoints. So the; conference ended in failure, with an announcement that future discussions should be through diplomatic channels. In the three and a half years since that time, there have been; no diplomatic discussions. There have been only repeated Communist dmands for new summit conferences. That is where matters stood when Russia's Chairman Nikita Khrushchev recently agreed to another CFM session — officially the ninth —prior to this summer's summit talks. BEST MAN WAKEFIELD. England (UPD- Walter Gant, 32, was best man at a wedding here Saturday for the 44th time. He is a bachelor. HIGHWAY SAFETY REPORT NO. 2 Slow Down At Night, Driving More Dangerous By LOUIS CASSELS United Press International WASHINGTON (UPI) — The average 'driver docs not slow down at night. He should. That is one of the most significant findings reached by the U.S Bureau of Public Roads in a three-year study of highway acci dents in all parts of the nation. The bureau analyzed 3,700,000, 000 vehicle-miles of actual travel by 290,000 drivers over typical sections qf main rural highways. It found that night and day speeds averaged about the same. But it also found that accident involvement rates at night were twice as high, on the average, as in daytime. At speeds of 70 miles an hour and higher, the night time rate was four times as great. , Age A Major Factor There was some evidence that darkness, per se, is not the chief reason for higher accident rates at night. Fatigue, intoxication and other factors apparently contribute. It was found that fatal accident rates reached a sharp peak between 2 and 4 a.m., but were less than half as high between 9 and 11 p.m. — both periods of darkness. The study confirmed that the age of the driver has a major bearing on the accident rate. Drivers between 30 and 60 years of age had the lowest accident involvement rate. Those under 20 had the highest — 250 per cent higher than the average for all drivers. Drivers between the ages of 20 and 24, and those 65 and older, had accident rates nearly double the average. However much young people may protest the finding, the study also showed that. young drivers Record Number Of Cigarettes Smoked In Year WASHINGTON 'UPI >—Americans smoked more cigarettes than ever last year despite conflicting claims over their possible relation to lung cancer. The Agriculture Department estimated that 436,300.000.000 cigarettes were used within the' continental United States in 1938 — a yearly total of 185 packages, or 3,700 smokes, per person' 15 years of age and older. That figures out t<5 roughly half a pack a day. Total U.S. cigarette output reached 470 billion, up 28 billion over 1957, or 6 per cent from the previous high that year. The Agriculture Department said the upturn in sales could be attributed to an increase in the teen-age population, the increasing percentage of women smoking, and the tendency of persons who switch to filter-tipped cigarettes to smoke more than when using non- filter tips. Various medical groups and studies have offered statistics that link the use of cigarettes and the incidence of lung cancer. The tobacco industry denies that the studies offer conclusive evidence that there is any relation at all. TREASURE HOUSE Your unused furniture or appliances will find a ready market through Classified Ads. Viruses Cause Cancer, Some Day Science Will Stop Them EDITOR'S NOTE: Where science stands in its efforts to conquer cancer is being laid out in depth in Excelsior Springs, Mo., by the top cancer scientists. It will be a seven-day briefing, covering the seven major divisions of cancer research. Following is the first dispatch of Delos Smith, UPI science editor, who is one of those being briefed. By OELOS SMITH UPI Science Editor EXCELSIOR SPRINGS, Mo. (UPI)—On the question of whether viruses cause cancer in human beings, the scientific answer is. yes. On the question of whether science will be able to do something about it. the answer is again, yes. but it's going to take a long time. These answers reflect the convic tions and confidence of top virus authorities assembled here by the American Cancer Society to make progress reports on their side of the many-sided campaign of science to lick the disease which is the No. 2 killer of people. Experts on the other sides are here to report their progress, to a group of science writers. One phase will be reported "in depth" daily for seven days, and when all the reports are in, the public will have an up-to-the-minute account of where the big campaign now stands. Obviously viruses do not cause cancers in human beings the way viruses inflict them with the common cold. If they djd there would be no human race. Actions Are Complicated Cancer-causing viruses have to act in extremely complicated and v/ell-hiddcn ways. Otherwise science would know at least as much about the viruses as it does about the viruses which cause polio, for instance. Dr. Joseph W. Beard of Duke University, Durham, N.C., and Dr. Seymour Cohen, of the University of Pennsylvania, Pbiladel-j phia. made these complications and concealments dramatically fascinating in describing the taking-apart of individual cells that were so delicate as to be almost incredible. Beard did it by slicing the cells so thin he got about 300 slices per cell. The slices were then subjected to the high magnifications of the electron microscope. Cohen did it by breaking down the chemical reactions of a cell to a virus — and of a virus to a cell— into exceedingly fine detail. Neither worked with human cancer cells since no one has ever made a positive identification of a causative virus for human cancer. Science's conviction that there are such viruses is based upon there being more than 50 viruses which definitely cause cancers in frogs, chickens, rabbits, squirrels or mice. Beard, however, observed particles in tissue cultures-of human leukemia cells which he thought could be virus particles but the identification was anything but certain. Other scientists on the same panel minimized the possibility that the particles were of a viral 'nature. They emphasized (that viruses had never yet been found in human body cells. Work In Harmony Why should human body chemistry be exempt from such viral invasion? It wouldn't be natural if it were. Beard sliced up the body cells of chickens which contained viruses that had caused those cells to become malignant. | Cohen got inside the cells of a particular kind of bacteria which were under attack by a particular virus specialized in those cells. Beard found that cells and vi ruses were working in more or less perfect harmony for one purpose, which was to manufacture new viruses which would then I take over more normal cells which would likewise become virus brooders. The cell wasn't cannot handle higher speeds as well as more mature drivers. At speeds btyond 65 miles an hour the accident rate for drivers under 24 rises much more steeply than the average for older driv-- ers. Holiday Perils Real The study pinpointed member! of the armed forces as a particularly reckless class of drivers on the whole. Servicemen in all age brackets had an accident rate twice as great as that of civilian drivers of comparable age. And what about the ancient male contention that women drivers are less trustworthy at the wheel than men? The bureau's statistics show that women had a daytime accident rate 18 per cent higher and a night time accident rate 38 per cent higher than men of the same age bracket. But — if professional male drivers 'bus and truck drivers, chauffeurs, etc.) are eliminated, the accident rates for men and women drivers are approximately equal. Are the widely-publicized perils of holiday travel real — or an invention of the newspapers? They are real. The study showi that it is approximately 25 per cent riskier, per vehicle-mile of travel, to venture onto the highways over a major holiday period. One-day midweek holidays produce a worst slaughter than those that occur on a week end. Christmas is the worst. New Year's, for some reason, has a relatively low accident rate as holidays go. Alcohol Affects Driving The safety slogans which warn against drinking-and-driving were powerfully corroborated. The bureau reported that driving performances were affected by "even small amounts of alcohol." Drivers who were found upon testing to have between 0.05 and 0.10 per cent alcohol in their blood had an accident involvement rate 50 per cent higher than those with no alcohol or less than 0.05 per cent (It takes about two highballs or two bottles of beer to produce a concentration of 0.05 per cent in the average adult.) Drivers with 0.15 per cent alcohol in their blood — the legal standard of intoxication in many states — had an accident rate 10 times as great as those with less than 0.05 per cent. The bureau reported preliminary evidence that a wide variety of common drugs — including tranquilizers, antihistamines, bar- bituates and even aspirin — may affect vision or alertne'ss and increase the risk of accidents. Further research will be done on this factor. 'Another dispatch tomorrow will report on highway and vehicle factors in accidents.) harmed but its basic nature was changed. It now served the virus rather than the chicken. It divided into new cells more rapidly and the more rapidly it divided (up to a certain point) the more new cancer-causing viruses wer" produced. In this connection, the common and well-known viruses, such as polio and influenza viruses, kill the cells which they invade. Beard showed that this chicken virus by enslaving the cell rather than killing it, caused a "complex of diseases," rather than one relatively simple cancer. Not all were malignant, but those which [were included two types of leu kemia. or blood cancer. It dem onstrated there are varieties of ways viruses can cause cancer (in chickens». Beard said he studied these chicken cells because | they happened to be the easiest. Parasites of Bacteria ( "Donlt think there is no relations to mammals," he said. Cohen's viruses are not cancer- causing. Their value for an ultimate understanding of viral- caused cancer is that they are parasites »f a bacteria which can be studied in close detail for the chemical secrets of "a viral system." The most astonishing secret he uncovered was that the virus and the bacterial cell get together chemically so ns to manufacture seven kinds of proteins which hadn't been present before and a type of nucleic acid which so far as science now knows, is utterly unique in nature. This latter is a discovery com parable to the discovery of a new planet, but since it is chemical rather than physical it won't cause as much excitement. Nucle ic acids and proteins are "build ing blocks" in the chemistry of life and the combinations possible from seven new proteins and one unique nucleic acid runs into the hundreds of thousands. Task Force To Embark Marines SAN DIEGO (UPI) — A task force of attack transports and landing ships was preparing today for deployment to the Western Pacific on April 16. Capt» Charles E. King announced. King, skipper of the Pacific Fleet's Amphibious Squadron, said the 15 ships would be. made ready for any emergency. He said the force couid embark between 6,000 and 8,000 Marines with complete gear. The Marines will not remain aboard the ships. King noted, but will embark from the 3rd Marine Division at Okinawa when needed. "Lebanese-type crises are the principal mission of the amphibious task force today," King explained. "We're in a position to handle the bonfires, applying the necessary force to the occasion." KEEPSAKE DIAMONDS Engagement and Wedding Rlngf, Interlocking Mounting!. 212 Orange Harry 6. Wilson Jeweler PY 3-4806 VAN HEUSEN SHIRTS In a wide selection of colors, collar styles and sleeve lengths. Fowler's Men's Wear 107 Orange St. PY 3-5623 Magnificent MAGNAVOX High ridetity TelJvliiOB. Radio-Phonograph i. Sliger's Music 109 E. State ' PY 3-2827 Spring Air Mattresses Fin* ruralture. Carpeting, Decorative Service McEwen's 17-21 W. State Dial PY S-24S7

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