JFacfe I35B 69th Year No. 50 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, MARCH 31, 1959 racti Phon. PV s-xst Ten Pages 5 Cents SOVIET JETS BUZZ U.S. TRANSPORT Brown Suffers First Defeat In Legislature Assembly Committee Drops Farm Workers From Minimum Wage SACRAMENTO (UPD—Gov. Ed-i mund G. Brown renewed his sup-j port today for a minimum wage for workers and said lie was •"disappointed"' at an Assembly committee's action in removing agriculture from his minimum wage bill. The governor told a news conference that a move probably would be made on the Assembly iloor to restore a proposal for aj Sl-an-hour minimum wage Ion farm laborers in a measure introduced by Assemblyman Augustus i F. Hawkins 'D-Los Angeles'. I "I'll support Hawkins' move in} that direction." the governor said.! Brown admitted that a number) of his supporters in the Legisla-| lure who reside in farm areas had told him they could not go along with his proposal for a minimum wage for agriculture workers. Standards Need Raising "But I still support it." he said. "I do believe that sooner or later, ilie sooner the better, farm labor is going to have to have its standards raised." The Assembly Ways and Means, , , . <., .. „ • -- u n „,-,•„ "„ „.,-,u „ „,„,„,..•,, helly is the son of one of Amcr-; D-.vight D. Eisenhower. Committee. e\cn with a majority . , - , ... ., .. ,, , , . ,., . . ,..• i, ica s first World War II heroes. Kellv. whose home now is dies —NIA t. It photo PROTEST RED CHINESE AGGRESSION— Indian demonstrators, mem bias ot the Jan Sangh party, are pictured as they staged an orderly protest march outside the Communist Chinese Embassy in New Delhi. Protesting Red Chinese aggression in Tibet, the demonstrators called for the United Nations to intervene in Tibet. to the governor's "responsible liberalism." cut the heart out of his bill to set up a minimum wage for California workers. On a motion by Assemblyman Lloyd W. Lowrcy 'D-Rumsey). the committee Monday stripped from '.he bill a provision that agricul lure workers must be paid a minimum wage of SI an hour. Administration leaders admitted in earlier hearings on the bill that its primary purpose was to get fsrm workers under the protection of a guaranteed minimum wage. Provisions Now Few All that is left in the measure by Assemblyman Augustus F Hawkins iD-Los Angeles i is a provision that adult workers era ployed mainly in industry must be paid at least $1.23 an hour. Most factory workers today average more than that. In its amended form, newsboys are excluded from the bill as well as baby sitters and some employ es of charitable, religious or nonprofit organizations The minimum wage bill aroused a storm of objections from farm groups during its first hearing before a different committee 10 days ago. They argued that a minimum wage for farm workers would put a "premium on indolence" and destroy the incentive system o( paying farm laborers according'to how hard they worked. Political Lineup Recalled When the bill came up before the Ways and Means Committee Jor what was supposed to be a routine hearing, 10 Democrats and 4 Republicans were present. The only audible "no" vote to Lowrey"s motion to exclude agriculture came from Assemblyman William A. Munnell of Los Angcl-j es. Brown's floor leader in the Assembly. After the hearing. Munnell said he doubted it would be worth the effort to force a fight to try to restore" farm workers to the minimum-wage bill. After stripping farm workers from the bill, the committee gave it a "do pass" recommendation and sent it to the assembly floor on a straight party vote—12 Democrats for it, 5 Republicans against. Colin Kelly's Son Sweats Out West Point Exams WASHINGTON 'IT!'—Colin P.;in which he asked that the bomb- Kelly III. 18. is sweating out the er pilot's son be considered for a results of stiff examinations thatjWest Point appointment. ( will determine whether he gets] ""Consider the merits of a youn^i the West Point appointment re-j American youth of goodly heri-jthc author said quested lor him when he was a;tage." Roosevelt urged the future i brainwTa^hin" of radio and tele- baby by President Roosevelt. (president. *bo_turaed_ out to bej vWon audic ° ccs - by banaing suu . Iimimil commercials was ready for who died iter Heights. Pa., was nut quite Bill Would Ban Subliminal TV Commercials Tibetan Revolt Smouldering, Reds Admit Communists Warn Foreign Nations Against Interfering NEW DELHI < L'PI "-Communist China admitted today the Tibetan revolution is still smoldering and warned foreign nations— chiefly India—against interfering in China's "internal affairs." The warning broadcast by Pei- ping Radio coincided wiUi reports the Dalai Lama w;.s ncaring the Indian border and that he might seek asylum in India once India's position is clarified. The Chinese Communists were reported seeking to cut off the Dalai Lama in his flight to the border and unconfirmed reports said the Reds had dropped para- Iroops south of the Brahmaputra River to try to cut him off. • The- London Daily Telegraph in dispatch from Kalimpong said Atlantic Storm Delays Liners; Four Men Drown NEW YORK (L'PI) —A titanic five-day-old storm that is disrupting Atlantic shipping schedules has taken at least four lives and described as one of the worst in memory for the normally stormy spring season. The American Export liner injured a score of persons aboardjConstitution docked here 10 hours harassed ocean liners. Nate this morning because of the The captain of the North German Lloyd liner Berlin, en route from Bremerhaven to New York, radioed today that four crew members were washed overboard and presumed drowned last Saturday. The report said the men were lost in spite of immediate rescue attempts when a giant wave swept over the 19,100-ton liner 700 nautical miles northeast of the Azores. Tile Berlin is scheduled to dock here April 4, but most luxury liners were running from 12 to 24 hours late due to the massiv; disturbance which veteran seamen storm it encountered Saturday and Sunday en route from a Meditcr- rane.- I run. Capt. Hugh L. Switzcr said gale winds of up to 60 miles an hour forced him to reduce the Constitution's speed from 22.3 knots to 14 knots for 24 hours. The 29.000-ton liner suffered no damage and no one aboard was injured. The Queen Mary reported on her arrival in Southampton. England, that she had been hit by an immense wave in mid-Atlantic which rolled her 22 degrees and then back 16 degrees. Passengers and crew were tossed around and several received cuts and bruises. Bill To Cut Veterans Tax Benefit Loses SARAMENTO (UPD - A bill iliie Dalai Lama was believed toto cut 60.000 former California nave crossed the great river into! servicemen from veterans' bene- rebcl-held areas the Chinese Reds Navy Plane Crashes With 21 Aboard SACRAMENTO UPD —A bill would "outlaw of Democrats present and friendly, _ . D ,. ,. . j Capt. Colin P. Kelly Jr. 'in a B17 bomber three days after .'ready to try for the appointment a when the time came around but Pearl Harbor while attacking Japanese convoy off the Philippines. "Corky." as voting Kelly is known. will know in about seven weeks whether he will be able to enter the U.S. Military Academy last August he applied to the Army for an appoinlmenl. He entered competition in two categories or quotas—presidential and sons of deceased veterans. On March 11-14. he look she c.\ at West Point. N*Y.. in July. jaminalions at Valley Forge. Pa After Capt. Kelly's death. Roosc-; Army Hospital, lor possible can- velt wrote a letter to "the Presi jdidates. The Army said today the dent of tlie United States in 195S' j results will be known in mid-May. Sen. Goldwater Protests Labor Board Appointee WASHINGTON (LTD U.S. Pilot hi Hands Of East Germany BERLIN (UPD —An East German Foreign Ministry spokesman — Sen.'said today an American pilot is Barry Goldwater has written lo| in Communist hands. Fresident Eisenhower formally! He said the pilot flew into East Germanv and police are- investi- protesting his nomination of Stuartj ga( j n g nls cacc . Rothman as general counsel of the He disclosed no other details. National Labor Relations Board. I The U.S. Army announced Mon Goldwater. ranking Republican !° a - v 3 two-seater Piper cub bc- membcr of the Senate Labor Com -i lon S' n « J[<L h ™ my , , aughan was mittee. expressed objections lo |observed Fr.davjancling about one Rothman, now Labor Department solicitor, in a letter delivered to Weather LOS ANGELES (UPD — Noon forecast as prepared by the U.S. Weather Bureau: Mostly sunny weather will pre vail in Southern California this afternoon and Wednesday with rising temperatures in most areas. There will be patchy fog and low clouds along the immediate coast during the late night and early morning hours. Local gusty northeasterly winds are expected in the mountains. Thursday's outlook is for mostly sunny weather. Fog and low clouds are 'ikely in coastal sections during the early morning hours. San Bernardino Valley: Mostly sunny and warmer Wednesday. March 31, 1959 Highest 85, Lowest 48 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:36 a.m. —6:09 pjn. ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Highest 60, Lowest 47 the While House last Thursday. Goldwater told the President-he could nof support Rothman because he did not believe him competent to hold the post. It was understood Goldwater said he felt only a lawyer with the highest legal qualifications should hold such a sensitive pos' in the labor field. He said he did not believe Rothman, 44, a veteran government lawyer, so qualified The President sent Rothman's nomination to the Senate last week in what was viewed as a victory for Labor Secretary James P. Mitchell over other Republicans in the administration and in Congress who favored a more conservative man for the 520,000 a year post. Goldwater was said to have his own candidate for the job —Michael J. Bernstein, a conservative Republican attorney attached to the staff of the Senate Labor Committee. Goldwater announced last Friday that he would oppose Rothman. Imilc over the East-West German border. The sports plane was said to have ,^ct down at Dippach. jusl across the border from the West Germai city of Bad Hersefcld. Vauchan. an employe of the U.S Army's European post exchange system in Heidelberg, left Friday from an airstrip in Mannheim, near Heidelberg, for what, was to be a 75-minutc flight lo Nuernberg. Dippach is about 110 miles northwest of Nuernberg. To Be Sentenced LOS ANGELES 'UPD — Unemployed laborer Alvin Earl White 37. must appear in District Court April 20 for sentencing on a attempted robbery conviction involving the South Gate-Walnut Park branch of the Bank of America. White, held on $15,000 bond, pleaded guilty Monday. He was ested March 6 after trying to the bank by claiming he had d grenade in a bowling ball rried. Employes of the bank held him until authorities arrived. ' ph^lci introduction today in the Senate "I've been informed." said Sen. Richard Richards (D-Los Angeles) author of the bill, "that advertis ing companies are spending large sums of money researching subliminal advertising." "They're not spening this money lor nothing and probably will spring it as soon as they (eel it's perfected. By then it could be too late for us to do anything against it." Subliminal radio and television commercials arc those which aim at bypassing the conscious mind of members of the audience— much like hypnosis —in getting the message across Richards said. "The efforts of the advertising industry first were directed to experimentation in laboratories and then advanced to limited audience reaction tests." Richards said. "It's now gone beyond the theoretical and laboratory stage. "The information I've received! over the last six months leads roc to believe that major erforts arc pending in the advertising industry in California to place in operation subliminal techniques. "This is certainly true in tele vision and possibly in the lield ol radio as well." Richards' bill would slate thai "no person shall transmit within the state any radio or television signal which carries any advertisement or other message which is perceptible only to the subcon scious mind or-as to which the normal listener or viewer would be consciously unaware except subliminally." The real danger. Richards said is not so much that children may develop a craving for beer after subliminal advertising, but thai unscrupulous people might utilize this new means. "And this includes everything from patent medicines to politicians. I don't want Madison Avenue to brainwash our population," he stated. "This entire matter is no joke," Richards said. "The proof of it is that the television industry and advertising people have taken it seriously enough to spend money researching it." have not previously managed to' penetrate, i A group of 100 Tibetans called on Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru today and handed him appeals asking him to take the Tibetan issue before the United Nations. Nehru 'previously refused to meet the Tibetan delegations but i today tliey called at his home and asked him to use his influence to guarantee the safety of the Dalai Lama, to protest the destruction of Tibetan monasteries by the Communists and to try to serve Tibetan autonomy. NAPLES. Italy 'L'PI'—A twin... , . . ;Ciigincd U.S. Navy transport plane fits Has refused passage in Ihe carry j Senate Monday Committee on erans Affairs Flew Within Few Feet Of Plane Protest Filed After Incident While Plane On Way To Germany BONN. Germany (UPD— The United States has protested the buzzing of an unarmed American Air Force transport plane by three Soviet jet fighters during a flight to and from West Berlin last Friday, informed sources said today. The Soviets have countered with a protest declaring that no American plane may fly above 10.000 feet when crossing East Germany to and from West Berlin, the ources added. The buzzing occurred last Friday and was witnessed by hundreds of West Eerliners out for an afternoon strolls. Informed sources sjid the incident occurred during the first of a series of supply 'lights to the U.S. Garrison in Wes; Berlin of C1U0 turbo-prop transport planes. iy and sent to the ly after"takeoff"today, killing four!;!"„„ *L ™„ bcm » Military and Vct -I persons and injuring 13. lc Tat V .^wh A Navy spokesman said thcl' ' ."T u ,. . The bill, introduced by Sen. Luther Gibson 'D-Vallejo'. would change the cutoff dates of World War II and the Korean war to 'eliminate an estimated 60,000 veterans from benefits. Gibson said it involved about , The C1C0 is a hich altitude plane ing 21 persons crashed j-hort-| and is now b^ mg substituted for the twin- hich formerly were the supply mainstay. The U.S. representative at the Berlin Air Safety Center, manned by U.S.. British, French and Soviet officers notified the Soviets of the planned flight in the nor- informed sources three million dollars in revenue which counties now lose because of exemptions. The Senale refused passage to p rc .;the bill and sent it back to the | committee to give opponents more . i J .i • .• _ J i chance to be heard Nclirit told the visiting delcga- dead included three Navy men and an Italian airport worker who was cutting grass along the edge of the field where the plane came down. The spokesman added that 10j .... Navy men on the plane and three)' asiuon . Italian workers on the groundi»a»d. Convair Reveals Unusual New 635 MPH Cargo Plane SAN DIEGO, Calif. <UPIi The Convair Division of General Dynamics Corp. today revealed plans for a giant 635-miJe-per-hour cargo plane that breaks in half for loading and kneels down like a camel. The cargo plane will be a version of the Convair 600 jet trans-j port now being built for American Airlines. The first flight is sched- duled for the middle of next year. The 600 is larger and faster than the Convair 880, now undergoing flight tests. It also will have a longer range. Convair President J. V. Naish said the entire tail section of the cargo version will swing aside forj fast unloading and loading. The camel-like action will allow direct loading from the height of truck beds. A simplified control system using the principal of a bell crank means that no pins or cables need be disconnected when the tail is swung around. "It will be possible to turn around a Convair 600 cargo plane in just 30 minutes," said Naish. "And that includes complete un loading, reloading, opening and closing the tail, servicing and refueling." The main cargo area of the 600 is seven feet one inch high, 10 feet eight inches wide and 80 feet four inches long. There also are two smaller cargo areas provid-i ing a total of 6,743 cubic feet ofj cargo space. The cargo 600 has an overall length of 139 feet and a wingspan of 120 feet. With a payload of 10 tons the plane will have a range of 5,750 statute miles and with a payload of 33 tons it will have a range of 2,935 statute miles. Power for the plane is supplied by four General Electric CJ805-21 aft-fan jet engines. Naish said one advantage of the model 600 is that it will be able to operate on any air strip that; can handle conventional four en- gined aircraft For normal operations less than 6.000 feet of runway would be needed for landing or taking off. Naish said Convair has had sev-, eral requests for information on the cargo 600 from the Air Force as well as commercial airlines. lion India had no power to "intervene" in Tibet and in fact would no! like to take any steps which "might aggravate the situation there." But he expressed hope the TibetanV present difficulties would end peacefully. Nehru Mondav expressed sympathy for the Tibetans and rejected Chinese Communist warnings that ihe Indian Parliament should not discuss China's" "internal affairs." ! The Comiliunisls warned that! once the rebellion is suppressed Teiping will abandon its policy of 'magnanimity and patiently waiting for comprehension" on the part of the Tibetans and would introduce sweeping reforms. I "The rebellion of the Tibetan traitorous clique has proved the necessity of instituting democrat ic reforms in Tibet." it said. Big Four Foreign Ministers Meet In Washington WASHINGTON <UPI> — The Western Big Four foreign ministers gathered here today to iron out wrinkles in their master plan for negotiating with Russia an overall settlement of the Berlin crisis and other European problems. The United States. Britain. France and West Germany were reported in general agreement on a long-range U.S. formula for a step-by-step approach which would tic disarmament and European security to various stages in the reunification of Germany. However, Allied officials acknowledged that they still differed widely on some of the tactical steps to be taken and on the advisability of concluding isolated agreements with the Kremlin if the long-range plan fails. Prior to the, conference itself, French Foreign Minister Maurice Come de Murville met for an hour with Acting Secretary of State Christian A. Hcrtcr for pre liminary discussion of the German question. Master Sergeant Retires As Full Colonel LOS ANGELES <UPI'— M.Sgt Joseph J. Borchert retires from the Army today as a full colonel. Borchert holds the rank of colonel in the Reserve after working up from second lieutenant, t h t rank he held in the ROTC when lie graduated from Ohio State University. By law he can retire with hi- Reserve rank because he served 20 years of active duty. Borchett makes his home in nearby Alhambra and plans to take up a teaching career after\ some refresher classes at Los Angeles State College. He served as a commissioned of- liccr with the 20th Corps in Europe in World War II and in the Korean war, but in 1954 he reverted to the rank of master sergeant because of the Army's officer reduction program. were injured in the accident. The plane was bound for Malta from Naples with a crew of six land 15 passengers, including a mother and her three sons who were dependents of a Navy man. The RID. a Navy version of the civilian DC3, had taken off for its trip to its Mediterranean island He told the Russians the plane would fly acr s East Germany ct about 2">.0vi, feet. The Soviet controller immediately objected to the planned altitude, the informed sources said, "bid; U.S. officials decided to have the flight made nevertheless. Shortly after the CI30 crossed base >vhcn one engine devcloped! ,ne East-West German frontier. mechanical trouble The pilot tried to bring the plane back to the ground. But it lost altitude too fast and smashed ino a clump of trees. It clipped the tops off six trees and came to rest before a seventh. The Italian workers killed and injured were near the row of trees. Names and addresses of the dead were withheld by the Navy until their families could be notified. Governor Is Opposed To Police Unions SACRAMENTO (UPD—Gov. Edmund G. Brown said today he was unalterably opposed" to labor uojons for police officers. Brwn was asked at his news] conference whether he favored labor unionization of police forces. "I would be unalterably opposed to unions for pclice under any circumstances whatsoever," he said. "Any external (labor union) control would be bad for the city and the stale." Brown To Meet With Mayors SACRAMENTO <UPI> - Gov Edmund G. Brown said today he plans to meet with the mayors of the state's 10 largest cities during the next few days. He said he will confer with Mayor Norris Poulson of Los Angeles this week, particularly to discuss the water prpgram. He will confer with Mayor George Christopher of San Francisco April 8, on the proposed Golden Gate authority, rapid transit, • a proposed third bay bridge and freeways. Other mayors will visit the governor here during the next month. Jobless Pay Bill Signed WASHINGTON 'UPD — President Eisenhower today signed a bill to prevent an immediate cutoff of emergency unemployment compensation benefits to an estimated 405,000 jobless workers. Under the measure, the temporary federal program enacted during last year's recession will taper off during the next three months. That program extended federal benefits to jobless workers who had exhausted their state unemployment compensation rights. The law was due to expire at midnight tonight, after which no payments would be made. The bill signed into law today will permit an unemployed person to receive federal benefits after Wednesday — if he had exhausted his state rights before that date. Drunk Cyclists Curbed SACRAMENTO (UPD—The Assembly Crime Committee Approved a bill Monday which would make it as much of a crime to ride a bicycle while drunk as it is to drive a car. Court Upholds Two Jail Terms For Same Offense WASHINGTON (UPD-A man can be jailed twice for the same crime if the punishment is meted out by state and federal govern mcnts separately. The Supreme Court handed down this ruling in split decisions Monday. It said the Constitution's guarantee against double jeopardy doesn't apply if one trial 1s conducted by the federal government and the other by a state. The court's foremost liberals. Chief Justice Earl Warren and Justices Hugo L. Black and William O. Douglas, dissented vehemently. They said double prosecutions are "contrary to the spirit of our free country." no matter who conducts them. In one case the court by a 5 to 4 vote upheld for the first time the state conviction of a defendant who had been acquitted in federal couris of the same offense. He is Alfonse Bartkus, 30. convicted in a Chicago state court of robbing the General Savings and Loan Association in Cicero, 111., in 1950. In the second case, the court upheld. 6 to 3, the federal conviction of two Chicagoans for conspiracy to dynamite government- controlled telephone lines in Jackson, Miss. The pair, Louis Abbate and Michael Louis Falcone, had previously been punshed by Illinois after pleading guilty in Cook County criminal court in Chicago. 'If the states are free to prosecute criminal acts violating their laws, and the resultant state pros- ecu' : ons bar.federal prosecutions based on the same acts, federal law enforcement must necessarily be hindered," Justice William J. Brcnnan Jr. said. these sources said, it was approached by three Soviet jet fighter planes which harassed it until the American craft landed at Tcm- plehof Airfield, in the center of West Berlin. The Soviets performed air acrobatics, and often flew within five or 10 feet of the American plane, it was reported. They came close enough for the American plane's crew to read, and note, the Soviet fighters' identification numbers. At least two of the Soviet fighters remained within a few feet of the American plane until alter i' had entered the Tempelhof landin: approach pattern. The American plane took off to return to its base in France ES soon as it had unloaded its cargo. Three Soviet fighters —it is not known whether they were the original three — immediately approached the American craft, and harassed it all the way to'the East German frontier. No shots were fired by the Soviet fighters, but their maneuvers were described by informed sources as "dangerous." The Soviet counter-protest contended that all air space above 10,000 feet is reserved for Soviet air traffic. Western Allied officials always have understood that the three air corridors across East Germany were limited only in width. Each is 20 miles wide. This is believed to be the first time the Soviets have attempted to put a ceiling on the corridor. WASHINGTON (UPD — The State Department said today that the United States will not accept any Soviet-imposed 10,000-foot altitude ceiling for planes flying the. air corridors between West Germany and Berlin. Lincoln White. State Department press officer, made the statement in commenting on the buzzing of , an unarmed American transport by three Soviet fighters over Communist East Germany last Friday. The U.S. has never accepted any altitude ceilings for its planes flying the corridor and has no intention of doing so. White said. A military source said that Britain, France and Amcrca for several years, as a practical matter, have operated most of their planes to and from Berlin at altitudes of 10.000 and lower. The Air Force decided to send its C130 transport plane at a higher altitude because it. is a turbins engine type which operates mora efficiently at. high altitudes. Flier Escapes injury SAN DIEGO (UPD -Lt. (jg) W.T. Fidelibus, 24, Miramar Naval Air Station, escaped injury Monday when he crash-landed his AD6 Skyraider jet 10 miles south of Mt. Palomar. the Navy announced.
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