Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on November 28, 1967 · Page 3
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

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Carroll, Iowa
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Tuesday, November 28, 1967
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Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Tuesday, November 28. 1967 Hard Realities Now that the United States has officially passed the 200-million mark, and with President Johnson, for one, confidently looking forward to 300 million, it may not be inappropriate to ask ourselves where it is all going to end. Population control is a familiar term these days. More than 30 nations, aided by numerous private and international organizations, are trying, or thinking about trying, to reduce their ' population growth. But no country actually controls its population or has any really long-range plans. No government has even considered the goal of zero population growth, for this would be like admitting a nation had come to the end of progress. Yet zero population growth is the only logical ultimate goal, since any growth rate, if continued, would eventually use up the earth. This is one of several piercing criticisms of current thinking about population made by Kingsley Davis, professor of sociology and director of International Population and Urban Research at the University of California. The whole emphasis today is on family planning, Davis notes in an article in Science magazine. The distribution of new and efficient means of contraception is designed to enable couples to have only the number of children they want. This is well and good, but overlooked is the fact that desire for contraceptives is entirely compatible with the desire for large families. It does not make sense, Davis asserts, to use family planning as a basis of national population planning, for the "planning" is that of each separate couple. "There is no reason to expect that the millions of decisions about family size made by couples in their own interest will automatically control population for the benefit of society. On the contrary, there are good reasons to think they will not." For instance, a survey of women in the United States in 1966 revealed that they consider an average of 3.4 children an ideal number. This is more than enough to insure the arrival of the 300 millionth American before the end of the century. Freedom of choice is one of tenets of the family planning movement. "But in practice," says Davis, "this amounts to limiting the individual's choice, because the 'conscience' dictating the method is usually not his but that of religious and government officials." The things that make family planning acceptable—individual choice (as long as the individual is married and chooses "approved" methods), avoidance of offending religious taboos, concentrating on "new" and "scientific" devices-^are the very things that make it ineffective for population control. "By offering only the means for couples to control fertility, it neglects the means for societies to do so," he charges. What are the means society can use? Davis suggests, among others, encouragement of later marriages, ceasing the taxing of single individuals more than married ones, giving equal pay and equal educational and occupational opportunities to women—in short, restructuring the system of rewards and punishments that motivates people toward early marriage and large families. "The unthinking identification of family planning with population control is an ostrich- like approach," says Davis. "It permits people to think that 'something is being done' about the problem and hide from themselves the true enormity of the task." Doesn't Make Sense It doesn't make much sense to spend $5,000 to train a man, including possibly hundreds of hours of a foreign language, spend the money to ship him to his overseas post and then have to send him home again in the middle of his two- year tour of duty to answer a draft call. Yet this is happening to more and more Peace Corps volunteers, complains director Jack Hood Vaughn. Local draft boards, often hard-pressed to meet their quotas, are not entirely to blame. Within the past year, the Presidential Appeal Board, the final arbiter of draft deferment requests, has turned down 60 appeals from Peace Corps volunteers, says Vaughn. There are only about 7,200 male corpsmen overseas currently, and of these between 80 and 90 per cent are eligible for the draft. That.niakes a maximum of 6,480 men who could be drafted in one bunch—which, of course, they wouldn't be. In view of the universally acclaimed job the corps is doing, it would seem that the nation could get along without the military services of this relative handful of men, at least until they had completed their assignments in the cause of peace. Recruiting Officer Washington Notebook Young Rebels Earn Tag: 'Dropouts From Decency' By Bnice Biossat WASHINGTON (NBA) Many young Americans scorn their elders, from President Johnson on down, on the ground that much of their behavior is immoral and basely motivated. Since they take this haughty stance, we must imagine that they believe themselves to be idealistic and highly moral in their outlook and conduct. But, at least among the more militant antiadult, antiestablishment young people, the evidence for this is pretty hard to come by. Mostly in antiwar and other protest movements, but also in more average pursuits, their behavior is at once self-degrading and contemptuous of others. The harsh but true thing to say about many of them is that they are ugly people. They are ugly in their profane speech, in their tendency to personal filth, in their readiness to lie, cheat and steal, in their disdain for any moral precepts in interpersonal behavior. If somehow they do not fall into these patterns, they are nevertheless ugly in their arro- gan assertion that violent assault upon or resistance to the law is "dissent," and that any attempt to answer dissent is really an effort to suppress it. The young who fit this description are not "democrats" in a free society but low-grade autocrats with a totalitarian insistence upon their own narrow, disjointed vision of life, to the exclusion of all other views. In their minds, existing standards of whatever sort are the banners of the enemy. There is in all this a complete rejection of human decency and dignity. It can hardly be argued successfully that the route to idealistic goals and strong moral imperatives is this twisting low The Mature Parent Schools Should Inform on Sex By Muriel Laivrence I just imagine the guy on the other side of the line is a professor that's been giving me a bad time. —Art Fleak, tackle on the Oklahoma State football team. DEAR MRS. LAWRENCE: By your endorsement of'public sex education, you are encouraging parents to shift their responsibility for this education to children's schools. Why didn't you recommend night classes for parents' who've had their fun but reject the obligations that go with it? In America there's so much talk about sex that the whole meaning of love has lost its value. You can't really believe that schools can give better sex education than . . . ANSWER: Nobody can give children sex education. Nobody can give it to them because it's their own experience which educates them in sex — their own experience which educates them in sex — their own experi- experience of how the adult males and females around them treat each other. So I didn't suggest that schools give it to them. I was talking about sex information — information on the mechanics of human reproduction. I don't understand you. First, you speak of parents who've had,the "fun" of sexual intercourse. Then you start talking about love. But love isn't fun. It's very hard work, married love along with- other kinds. For after all, no matter how much "fun" we parents derive from sex, we can't remain horizontal forever. And the moment we are vertical, love begins to make its demands for tenderness, for patience, for honesty and other attributes for which we Americans are not remarkable. If we were, our divorce statistics wouldn't be what they are. In view of those statistics, we are not "shifting" our responsibility for children's sex education to schools. So few of us have ever taken it, we can't be said to have it to "shift". The truth is, lots of us duck out even on the job of providing sex information. I'm not fussing. This is a hard place to love in. First, there's our romantic love business which defines affection for a member of the other sex as moonlight and deodorized embraces. Then there's our ruthless use of the lure of sexual sensation to sell products. And finally, behind all this glorifying of sexual sensation, loom our stern Puritan Fathers. So there's really no wonder at all that so many of us adults are now obliged to behave like a bunch of moonstruck, sexually defiant adolescents. So you tell me where the kids are to get education in sexual love. I myself wouldn't know. Which is why I've settled for a program of sex education in schools. Spotlight on Agriculture Farming Continues as Top Viet Industry Despite the War By Herb Plambeck (Herb Plambeck, veteran Iowa farm editor Is now on a world encircling-tour to make farm and food observations and to serve as a war correspondent. This Is the eighth of a series of articles for the Carroll Daily Times Herald on his two-mnnth- lonir 37,000-mile fact-findinj; trip. SAIGON, Vietnam — Despite the fury of war, agriculture continues as the leading industry in South Vietnam. Even though this country has gone through nearly a generation of continuous warfare, and countless thousands of farmers and villagers have been killed in the crossfire, food production must be carried on. Civilians, well as armies, must eat. as road. Men, young or old, do not improve society by imitating the errors they complain of. In the present instance, the performance of misguided young militants goes beyond imitation to gross exaggerations of their elders' sins. The fact is, much of this degrading behavior has nothing to do with the pursuit of high ideals and morals. The young "dropouts from decency" simply are using adult shortcomings as excuse for misbehavior they would rationalize in some other way if they had to. This does not mean there is not genuine cause for disillusionment at the performance of modern adult society. Any civilization which finds itself stumbling into war again and again, which looks upon the extermination of millions of Jews, which offers only thin hope to millions suffering poverty and discrimination is bound to shake popular confidence profoundly. The self-confidence of adult* today is, for the most part, rudely shattered. If so many did not themselves have so much self-doubt, they would not be so hesitant about applying stricter standards to the misguided young. The adults' tolerance of youthful self-degradation has nothing in it that is modern, progressive or partaking of "new freedom." What it has to do with is the adults' own confusion, their own disillusionment, their failure to find a new upward path. Society has always relied upon its young people for fresh infusions of idealism. This country and all nations never needed it more. But it will never be provided in sufficient flood so long as aggressive young militants dissipate their energy in orgies of self-hate. Men who respect nothing, not even themselves, will not be listened to when they attack the failings of others. Barbs Henry Henpeck's wife is always on the annual list of best- yessed women. He who depends on getting the breaks often goes broke. Daily Times Herald 515 North Main Street Carroll, Iowa Dally Except Sundays and Holidays other than February 22, November 11 by The Herald Publishing Com' pany. JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor MARTIN MAKER, Advt. Mgr. Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll. Iowa, under the act of March 2. 1879. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates tfy carrier boy delivery per week $ .50 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, per year. —$13.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2, per year $16.00 All Other Mail in the United Slate*, per year $20.01 Strange contrasts are seen here. When I was up at the DMZ with our marines, heavy artillery was booming, M16's were cracking, the stutter of machine guns was heard, fighter bombers were whizzing overhead, helicopters kept chop-c hopping away and the windinq, mountainous, dusty roads were jammed with clanking supply vehicles. Yet as I looked out from the jolting truck, there were the rice growers quietly going about their business. We were wearing flak jackets, helmets, heavy combat boots and other protective gear. They had on nothing more than thin black pa jama type clothes and their traditional conical hats. We were in costly, powerful vehicles and our troops were armed to the teeth. They were unarmed and had only Jersey-like bullocks or water buffalo to prod, and instead of carrying carbines they were wrestling with crude hand tools. Farming amid a raging war is a difficult and dangerous task. Enemy forces destroy and plunder. Friendly forces in pursuit of the foe also inevitably hamper production efforts. Military needs must have priority. Areas not yet fully secure from the Viet Cong have been partially abandoned. Poor prices to farmers have also discouraged maximum production. Defoliation has resulted in some serious crop losses. Food production, nevertheless, is at an amazingly high level, considering the almost insurmountable obstacles. Nearly two-thirds of the food needs of the 17,000,000 South Vietnamese are still being met in spite of all the problems facing farmers here — problems considerably greater than the rain and snew that severely delayed Iowa's corn harvest this fall". Exceedingly small farms prevail over here. Some 95 per cent are owner operated. More than 80 per cent of the tilled land is planted to rice. Some corn is grown, along with vegetables, mung beans, bananas, pineapples and other fruits. Yields are poor by our standards, and in comparison to those achieved by Japanese producers. Antiquated methods along with the ebb and flow of hostilities help account for the low yields. War escalation the past several years, along with discouraging prices, found last year's production at a nine-year low. This year's output will also remain far below normal. Livestock production is not significant. Hogs, generally, are a poor excuse compared to those we see in Iowa. As Corporal Howard Rupp, of Cherokee, with the 4th Infantry now in combat here, told me, "These Vietnamese hogs would give Iowa farmers a heart attack." Many of the pigs are half wild. Some mature at no more than 75 pounds. Some sows I saw were so swaybacked they could hardly drag around and were decidedly not the meat type. Cattle are also rather nondescript. Water buffaloes are used for power. Jersey-sized zebu stock is used by the Montengards. Few dairy cattle are seen. Few, if any, sheep or goats are found in Vietnam. All told, livestock accounts for less than 25 per cent of the total farm return. Poultry raising seems to be holding its own as compared to declines in hog numbers and in rice acreage. Perhaps the fact that fresh eggs sell up to $1 per dozen has a bearing on this. Feed grains are hard to come by, though, and the eternal roar of Ipanes and sound of "choppers" overhead are not conducive to high egg production. Production targets for 1968 are all higher than the contemplated 1967 total yields. By 1970 U.S. AID officials and those of the Republic of Vietnam anticipate a 22 per cent increase in rice production, 33 per cent increase in hogs, anl 45 per cent in poultry. That hog raising in Vietnam is possible on a vastly improved scale is clearly evidenced at Phat Ngan Farms near Bien Hoa. There, some 5,000 or more Yorkshires, Land- race and Berkshires are produced annually, mostly for breeding slock. Feed grain supplies and diseases are a problem, but remarkable success has been achieved in the project. I saw dozens of litters averaging 10 pigs each. Iowa breeding stock has been included among the Phat Ngan Farm importations. C. J. Cooper and Sons of Hartley have sold the Viet hog farm a sow ano a boar. Other U. S. importations have given the hog farm here the right start toward supplying Viet pig farmers with good stock. Problems are many, but progress is being made. The Phat Ngan Farm project is a whole story within itself. Fertilizer needs are great. No significant acceptance of f e r t i 1 i z e r s has yet been achieved. War escalation this year has lowered the tonnage used. Fertilizer prices have risen sharply here, and natural farmer resistance has developed. Little black marketing of fertilizer has been seen so far. Projections for 1972 indicate a five-fold increase in fertilizer use here. Field demonstrations now underway may increase this further. New varieties of rice are rapidly being accepted. A new variety, called IR8, may doubte yields per acre. Experiments with hybrid corn are now being undertaken, including some seed from Iowa. Insecticides are being imported by the hundreds of tons. A start is being made in mechanization. Large tractors will not fit the present picture, but the small Japanese and Korean row crop tractors are starting to displace the wa- ter buffalo. Pacification programs continue to be emphasized. All U.S. and RVN officials are totally convinced the "Rice Paddy War," as well as the shooting war against North Vietnam, must be won if eventual military and civil victory is to be achieved. Hundreds of teams of cadres of farm, education, and health workers are now helping secure farm hamlets wrested from the Viet Cong. The dangerous work is now underway in 550 rural hamlets. All the cadres are U.S.-trained Vietnamese. All are volunteers and all are armed. Each team numbers 59 workers, including a few women. Ag team members conduct crop demonstrations, help build pig sties, advise on poultry and rice raising improvements, establish markets, obtain credit, with interest rates at 12 per cent a year — low for this country. lowans are prominent in the forefront of U.S. AID, IVS, church and other agencies seeking to improve food production in war-torn Vietnam. Among them are George Eason, former Le- Mars conservationist; Dale Thorngren, Harlan, former Union-Madison county FHA director and Shelby CED Max Sauerbry, Clayton County Extension Director; and Jack Jordon, Sidney, a fertilizer specialist here. In Laos, Roger Leinbach, former Dallas, Audubon and Calhoun CED and former Perry implement dealer, is doing a similar difficult demanding task. With Ml carbines in their cars or jeeps, these men go out to the hamlets. Everytime I was with them they made sure they were not out after dark. The Viet Cong has claimed many Pacification front workers. Cadres working in hamlets: are now the prime targets for the enemy. Ho and his armies know that once the farmers of Vietnam can supply more food and enjoy a fuller life, communism will have lost another round. Polly's Pointers Mildew is a Problem for GI By Polly Cramer POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — My husband writes from Thailand that his winter uniform has mildew on it. Is there anything I can send him that will remove this mildew? It would not only help him but other GI friends. -MRS. A. B. DEAR POLLY — Wrapping large, bulky Christmas gifts is always a problem but last year I discovered that the inexpensive plastic tablecloths with holiday decorations make ideal PLASTIC TABLECLOTH NEA, wrappings. One is less expensive than several rolls of paper and it is easier to wrap in one piece than it is to patch several pieces together. -JUNE DEAR POLLY - Catherine requested directions for making a footstool out of tall juice cans. I have made several of them. I do not cut the tops off but use an opener to make holes for the juice to come out. Keep rinsing the cans until they are perfectly clean, then let dry thoroughly. I cover each of the cans with top of a heavy white sock and pull together each end with strong twine, being careful to make them as smooth as possible. I sew the cans together, with one in the center and six others arranged closely aroutjd it to look like a flower head with six petals. The cans are placed on a heavy cardboard and I mark around them with pencil. Two of these pieces are cut out to go over the top and the bottom. I pad the top with something soft and cover the bottom with two thicknesses of material that is folded under about an inch. A straight piece of the covering material is used to go around the curved sides and drawn tight in each crease. Be careful to keep this straight and tight. Whip-stitch the top and bottom covers on by hand, using a large needle and very heavy thread. A narrow fringe can be used around the edges to give a nice finish. Keep the heading to the fringe just even with the top of the stool. -PEARL DEAR GIRLS — I was amazed at the number of you who make these stools. Thanks for sharing with us. B. B. M. wrote that she fills her cans with small stones, wrapped in old pieces of cloth, so as to add weight to her stools. Jean arranges the cans, then holds them together with masking tape wrapped all around. Bertha pads the indentations around the cans with old nylons or cotton so her stools are perfectly round and a bit easier to cover with upholstery material. She also pads the top and bottom with foam rubber. -POLLY Quick Quiz 0—Which U.S. president had the greatest number of children prior to his election? A—William Henry Harrison, who had 10 children, four o£ whom were alive when he became president. Q—The library of what American statesman formed the nucleus of the Library of Congress? A—That of Thomas Jefferson. Q—Is the Appalachian Trait both a motor road and a hiking; trail? A—No, it is a hiking trail only-

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